6 1.1. Coastal demands/problems Important sites: Coast; Estuaries: Semi enclosed areas where river and land drainage fresh water mixes with salt water; Problem management framework: RIVM (1995) Drivers/ Pressure State/ Impact Response
7 1.1. Coastal demands/problems Drivers/Pressures: Large human populations and intense economical activities; High biological productivity; Estuaries are very relevant for ecology issues: Optimal conditions for reproduction and nursery for 70% of marine fish species; Contribute to replenish coastal areas population; Birds nidification and inhabitation in winter; Important areas for natural purification processes; Coastal storms;
8 1.1. Coastal demands/problems Drivers/Pressures - Tagus Estuary case: Profitable fishing activity (Baeta et al., 2005); Biological richness and nursery areas for fish and birds; Industrial activity; Important cities (over 2 million); Intense navigation and dredging; Storms in coast (Gama et al., 1994) Guia wastewater underwater outfall Estoril coast beaches navigation Lisbon Almada Tagus River Natural Reserve of Tagus Estuary industrial belt primary production
10 1.1. Coastal demands/problems State/Impact - Tagus Estuary case: Pollution by industrial/domestic effluents; Heavy metals in salt marshes sediment and fauna (França et al., 2005); Toxic algae blooms in coast (Van Dolah, 2000); Coastal erosion in Costa da Caparica due to storms (Ferreira, 2004).
11 1.1. Coastal demands/problems Response: Large legal demands/protection: Nitrates Directive; Urban Wastewater Directive; Drinking Water Directive; Bathing Water Directive; Water Framework Directive; Ecological and economical importance of estuaries expressed in national plans (e.g. Portuguese National Water Plan); Policy decisions afecting water demand implacable scrutiny; Media and public opinion continuously exert a strong pressure over policies; Operational forecast systems.
12 1.1. Coastal demands/problems Response Tagus Estuary case: Monitorization of pollution from Guia wastewater outfall; Development of Tagus Estuary Operational Forecasting System (2003);
13 1.2. Modelling answer Decisions concerning water policies need be thoroughly supported and documented; Measurements: Discrete in time/space Past description D/P R S/I Support/documentation gathering tools: Modelling: Continuous in time/space Past description Future forecasting D/P R S/I
14 1.2. Modelling answer Models are naturally fitted as Decision Support Tools: Results are acceptable justification to major decisions: location of ports, sewage systems, ecological reserves; Corner stone of ecological impact studies; Integrate several system characteristics (hydrodynamics, transport and diffusion phenomena, some chemical and biochemical cycles);
15 1.2. Modelling answer Model use as Decision Support Tools: Detect and select the best solution; Prove that best solution was chosen; Results are not decisions: decision making is mandatory!
16 1.2. Modelling answer An emblematic case Mondego Estuary: Problem: Macro algae blooms; Regression of local aquatic vegetation; Concentrated in South branch; Potential problem area relative to eutrophication under OSPAR Convention Comprehensive Procedure (Pina et al., 1992); Figueira da Foz Rio Pranto Ilha Murraceira Rio Mondego Connection between North/South branch (obstructed till May 2006)
17 1.2. Modelling answer An emblematic case Mondego Estuary: Drivers/pressure? Nutrient loads are smaller in South branch than in North branch; Blooms follow reduction of communication between both branches in early 1990 s for economy in dredging operations (IMAR and MARETEC, 2006); Not linked to increase of nutrient loads from human activity (INAG and MARETEC, 2007).
18 1.2. Modelling answer An emblematic case Mondego Estuary: Drivers/pressure! Modelling study linked eutrophication sensibility to a fainter circulation in South branch due to reduced connection between the branches; Nutrient loads larger in North branch but circulation is sufficiently strong that blooms do not occur;
19 1.2. Modelling answer An emblematic case Mondego Estuary: Response: Model results motivated the reopening of connection between arms in 2006 to improve water quality; Measurement water quality studies after reopening evidence that model explanation is correct: Macro algae blooms do not occur again (Lillebø et al., 2005); Local aquatic vegetation is recovering (Leston et al., 2008).
20 1.2. Modelling answer An emblematic case Mondego Estuary: Hydrodynamic modelling was the key to solve an important ecological/water quality problem!
21 1.2. Modelling answer Numerical models may have different purposes (Nihoul, 1984): Tests; Process study; System management. Current research on modelling oriented towards system management: Operational modelling
22 1.3. Operational modelling Modelling as forecasting: Prevention/minimization of impacts: Oil spills; Contaminant spills; Algae blooms; Certification of impacts; Optimization of activities: Water resources use (e.g. surfing, bathing); Navigation; Measurement surveys; Etc.
23 1.3. Operational modelling Operational oceanography (Prandle, 2000): Acquisition, dissemination and interpretation of measurements of ocean conditions + Real-time modelling Forecast of future conditions Prandle (2000)
24 1.3. Operational modelling Components of an operational system: Numeric model Data assimilation Validation posting Measurement network
25 1.3. Operational modelling Desirable characteristics of models (Prandle, 2000; James, 2002): Modular architecture; Standardization of input formats; Operation in diverse computational machines and operating systems; Support parallel computation (MPI); Flexible Easily scalable Support high computational demand systems (e.g. biological model coupled with 3D hydrodynamic model)
26 1.3. Operational modelling Different objectives: Hydrodynamic forecast: Water level / storm surge; European Atlantic Coast; North Sea; North America Coasts; Biogeochemical/water quality forecast: Mediterranean Sea; Tagus Estuary. Water level / circulation / storm surge Biogeochemical/ water quality
27 1.3. Operational modelling Hydrodynamic forecast Gulf of Maine Observing System (www.gomoos.org): Princeton Oceanographic Model (POM); Water level/waves/ circulation; Main purpose: comercial fishing.
28 1.3. Operational modelling Hydrodynamic forecast Physical Oceanographic Real- Time System (tidesandcurrents.no aa.gov/ports.html): POM; Water level/ circulation; North American ports; Main purpose: navigation;
29 1.3. Operational modelling Hydrodynamic forecast Operational Model for the Portuguese Coast: (www.mohid.com/op erational/): MOHID Water; Velocity, temperature, salinity; On-line validation against buoys (Puertos del Estado, Instituto Hidrografico) and remote sensing. data.mohid.com/~luis/validation/
30 1.3. Operational modelling Hydrodynamic forecast Previsão da ondulação para a costa portuguesa: (www.maretec.mohid.com/ondas/): Wave Watch III; Waves; On-line validation against buoys (Puertos del Estado, Instituto Hidrografico). data.mohid.com/~luis/validation/
31 1.3. Operational modelling Hydrodynamic forecast Sistema Operacional para o Estuário do Tejo: (www.mohid.com/tej o-op/): MOHID Water; Hydrodynamic/Water quality (nutrients, coliforms); Tagus Estuary and Estoril coast; Main purpose: monitorization of outfall pollution. Water quality forecast
32 1.3. Operational modelling Sistema Operacional para o Estuário do Tejo: Fernandes (2005) at Maretec (IST) Objective: monitorization of Guia outfall pollution on estuary and beaches water quality Main end-user: SANEST S.A. (outfall operator) 1 72h 162x162 (300m) 168x223 (2km) N 2 3a 3b outfall 100x60 (35m) + Beaches 301x105 (10m) Meteo station (Guia) Hydrometic station (Ómnias) + N Tagus Estuary Water sampling Sensor data Validation and posting (http://www.mohid.com/tejo-op/) 3 nested domains: 1-2D, hydrodynamics 2-2D, 3D (11), hydrodynamics, water quality 3-3D (11), hydrodynamics, outfall pollution dillution and dispersion + Forcing: Meteo (Meteo IST) Tide (FES 95) River flow (INAG)
33 1.3. Operational modelling Case of Mondego Estuary: Very adequate way to manage the site sensitivity to eutrophication and other water quality problems: In every day situations; In accident situations.
34 References Baeta, F., A. Pinheiro, M. Corte-Real, J. Costa, P. de Almeida, H. Cabral and M. Costa, 2005, Are the fisheries in Tagus sustainable?, Fisheries Research, 76, pp França, S., C. Vinagre, I. Caçador and H. Cabral, 2005, Heavy metal concentrations in sediment, benthic invertebrates and fish in three salt marsh areas subjected to different pollution loads in the Tagus Estuary (Portugal), Marine Pollution Bulletin, 50, pp Ferreira, J., 2004, Coastal Zone Vulnerability and Risk Evaluation. A Tool for Decision-Making (An Example in the Caparica Littoral Portugal), Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue 39. Gama, C., J. Dias, O. Ferreira, R. Taborda, 1994, Analysis of storm surge in Portugal, between June 1986 and May 1988, Proceedings of Littoral 94, Lisboa, pp IMAR e MARETEC, 2006, 2ª Aplicação do Comprehensive Procedure da OSPAR no Estuário do Mondego, Lisboa. INAG e MARETEC, 2007, OSPAR Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North East Atlantic, Comprehensive Procedure, Mondego Estuary Portugal, Lisboa. Leston, S., A. Lillebø e M. Pardal, 2008, The response of primary producer assemblages to mitigation measures to reduce eutrophication in a temperate estuary, Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 77 (4), pp
35 References Lillebø, A., J. Neto, I. Martins, T. Verdelhos, S. Leston, P. Cardoso, S. Ferreira, J. Marques e M. Pardal, 2005, Management of a shallow temperate estuary to control eutrophication: The effect of hydrodynamics on the system s nutrient loading, Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 65 (4), pp Nihoul, J., 1984, A three dimensional general Marine Circulation Model in a Remote Sensing Perspective, Annales Geophysicae, 2, pp Pina, P.; Braunschweig, F.; Neves, R., and Saraiva, S., Water Quality in Portuguese Estuaries Nitrates and Urban Waste Water Directives application in Tagus, Sado and Mondego, Instituto do Mar MARETEC (IST), Lisboa. Prandle,D., Introduction: operational oceanography in coastal waters. Coastal Engineering, 41, RIVM, A General Strategy for Integrated Environmental Assessment at the European Environment Agency. European Environment Agency. Copenhagen, Denmark. Van Dolah, F., 2000, Marine Algal Toxins: Origins, Health Effects, and Their Increased Occurrence, Environmental Health Perspectives, 108 (1), pp
Water Quality of the Port River Estuary a community summary Government of South Australia INTRODUCTION In September 1995, the EPA began a long-term program to monitor water quality in the Port River estuary.
Florida Institute of Oceanography Dr. William T. Hogarth, Interim Director, FIO & Dr. Jyotika I. Virmani, Associate Director, FIO National Water Quality Monitoring Council New Orleans, LA May 3-5, 2011
The Gulf of Maine Ocean Observing System Overview of remarks 1. Purpose of GoMOOS 2. Governance : User-Driven Nonprofit 3. User Community & Applications Purpose #1. Facilitate safe and efficient marine
RESTORATION AND ENHANCEMENT OF SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA LAGOONS by Hany Elwany, Ph.D. Scripps Institution of Oceanography Headwaters to Oceans Conference 25 October 2003 CE Ref #03-22 San Diego County Lagoons
Chapter 14 Quiz Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the following is NOT true regarding the Chesapeake Bay? a. it is one of many small
CONVENTION ON THE PROTECTION OF THE MARINE ENVIRONMENT OF THE BALTIC SEA AREA HELSINKI COMMISSION - Baltic Marine HELCOM 19/98 Environment Protection Commission 15/1 Annex 3 19th Meeting Helsinki, 23-27
AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2010 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 4 (a) Based on the rate cited above, calculate the expected increase in sea level, in meters, during the next 50 years. One point can be earned
2 1 SECTION 2 Monitoring water quality in estuaries The Waterwatch program includes testing of a number of water quality parameters to provide information about the health of the waterway under investigation.
Portuguese perspectives for the Traditional Salt Atlantic Route Renato Neves, Mãe d água Portuguese coordination Thesaltactivityin Portugal Inland salinas 2 areas One in continuous activity since the early
DRAFT FINAL MITIGATED NEGATIVE DECLARATION Pursuant to Section 21080(c) Public Resources Code To: Office of Planning & Research State Clearinghouse 1400 Tenth Street Sacramento, CA 95814 From: State Water
INTEGRANDO DATOS MARINOS Y MODELOS AL SERVICIO DE LA OPERATIVA PORTUARIA: EL SISTEMA SAMPA DEL PUERTO DE ALGECIRAS Operational Oceanography on the Strait of Gibraltar SAMPA and TRADE Teams Physical environment
BMP Guidelines for preparing an Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) report for activities related to hydrocarbon exploration and exploitation offshore Greenland Danish National Environmental Research
WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE TURKISH COASTAL SITES OF THE MEDITERRANEAN SEA The Mediterranean region, due to its climatic and geographical features, has been the home of many civilizations throughout history.
Integrating Near Real-Time Data for Coral Reef Ecosystem Forecasting NOAA s Integrated Coral Observing Network (ICON) Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory Laboratory Review, March 18, 2008
Development of innovative tools for understanding marine biodiversity and assessing good environmental status: the progress of the EU project DEVOTES Angel Borja Scientific Symposium 2015, 6-7 May, Malmö,
DOWNSCALLING FROM THE DEEP OCEAN TO THE ESTUARINE INTERTIDAL AREAS: AN OPERATIONAL FRAMEWORK FOR THE PORTUGUESE EXCLUSIVE ECONOMIC ZONE. F.J. Campuzano 1, M. Juliano 2, R. Fernandes 1, L. Pinto 1 and R.
Imagery TerraMetrics, Map data 2015 Google ESTUARY RESEARCH PROJECT HIGHLIGHTS ADVANTAGES OF CONTINUOUS MONITORING IN CHRISTCHURCH HARBOUR EXO2 SONDES AND STORM 3 DATA LOGGER Application Note XAUK OC201-01
4-H Marine Biology and Oceanography Proficiency Program A Member s Guide OVERVIEW The 4 H Marine Biology and Oceanography Proficiency program helps you learn what you need to know about your 4 H project.
Joannea Geol. Paläont. 11: 132-136 (2011) Recent ostracods from the Azores archipelago Ricardo P. MEIRELES, Antonio FRIAS MARTINS & Sérgio ÁVILA The Azores is an archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean between
Estuarine & Coastal Environments of the Chesapeake Bay Watershed Britt-Anne Anderson Marine Scientist VIMS (Adapted by Vicki Clark, Marine Science Educator VIMS VA Sea Grant Program for Virginia Master
Lesson Description Students begin this adventure in the Hobcaw Barony Discovery Center. Using the salt marsh exhibit, 1200 gallon fish tank and shell midden, students listen to the instructor talk about
Final International ASTRA Conference Espoo, 10-11 December, 2007 Climate change impacts on city of Gdansk and its vicinity (Vistula Delta, Poland) Dorota Kaulbarsz, Zbigniew Kordalski, Wojciech Jeglinski
MANAGING WETLANDS IN ACCRA, GHANA African Regional Workshop Cities, Ecosystems and Biodiversity Nairobi, 21 September 2006 Side Event at the Africities Summit (18-24 September 2006) BY Samuel Kwame Anku
Implementation of Almada s Adaptation Strategy: a multi-level approach. Nuno Lopes, Sara Dionísio, Patrícia Silva & Catarina Freitas Head of the Environmental Studies and Management Division Sustainable
Water Quality of Adelaide s Metropolitan Coastal Waters - a community summary Introduction In February 1995 the Environment Protection Authority (EPA) began a long-term water quality monitoring program
EUROPEAN WATER RESOURCES AND POLICY What is the current water situation? The current water situation in Europe, according to a European Commission brochure, is described as: 20% of all surface water in
Flushing as a Disposal Method of Sewage into Estuaries Group M: David Sutherland, Simon Tapley, Rachel Todd, Martin Tunwell, Sarah Valenti, Laura Weiss, Thomas Butler Introduction Flushing is a process
The St. Lucie River is 35 miles long and has two major forks, the North Fork and the South Fork. In the 1880s, the system was basically a freshwater stream flowing into the Indian River Lagoon. An inlet
PARTNER PROFILE If you are interested to join the partnership for the upcoming EU calls for proposals please fill in the following questions: Organisation (name, address, department, contact person, tel.,
(2) No new coastal revetments or hard coastal engineering structures of any type shall be constructed on a barrier beach. (3) No activities or structures shall be permitted which prohibit the natural movement
PE s Research activities and potential links to MM5 Red Ibérica MM5 Valencia 9th -10th June 2005 PE and its R&D Area Puertos del Estado (PE) is a Public Institution that deals with the administration of
SECOORA: A Regional Association of the US Integrated Ocean Observing System Coastal and Ocean Observing Supports People Who Live, Work, and Play on the Southeast's Coasts and Oceans What is a Coastal Ocean
Protocol for the Prevention and Elimination of Pollution of the Mediterranean Sea by Dumping from Ships and Aircraft or Incineration at Sea The Protocol for the Prevention of Pollution of the Mediterranean
Understanding water quality and pollution sources Lightning and storm off Casuarina Beach. Wet season storm flows can affect catchment and estuarine water quality. Photo: Nolan Caldwell Nitrogen load Phosphorus
Long-term Marine Monitoring in Willapa Bay WA State Department of Ecology Marine Monitoring Program Ecology s Marine Waters Monitoring Program Goal: establish and maintain baseline environmental data Characterize
Journal of Coastal Research SI 64 1560 pg - pg 1564 ICS2011 (Proceedings) Poland ISSN 0749-0208 Particle tracking-modeling of morphologic changes in the Ria de Aveiro A. Picado, P. A. Silva, A. B. Fortunato
Visit of the delegation from the Pearl River Water Resources Commission to Portugal The Portuguese River Basin Administrations Simone Pio Tagus River Basin District Administration Fonte: Estudos de caracterização
Environment Developing a Municipal Source Water Protection Plan: A Guide for Water Utilities and Municipalities Step Identify Potential Contaminants and Assess Risk Prepared by: Nova Scotia Environment
Nipigon Bay Area of Concern Status of Beneficial Use Impairments September 2010 Nipigon Bay is in the most northerly area of Lake Superior. The Area of Concern takes in a large portion of Nipigon Bay and
Water pollution: the human connection boat ramp surfing waves Warm up: have you ever seen polluted water? what does polluted water look like? what does it smell like? Notes: 1. Ask the students to write
Introduction Welcome to the learning module. This section provides information on the following topics: How dissolved oxygen is defined and measured in numbers Why dissolved oxygen is important Natural
Water Pollution and Algal Blooms in the Coastal Waters of the U.S. edited by David L. Alles Western Washington University e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Last updated 2008-2-27 Note: In PDF format most of the
The DPSIR Framework Peter Kristensen National Environmental Research Institute, Denmark Department of Policy Analysis European Topic Centre on Water, European Environment Agency Email: email@example.com Paper
AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE 2015 SCORING GUIDELINES Question 3 Oil spills can be devastating in scope and damage. Since 1900, there have been many oil spills around the world that have had significant ecological
Water Quality Modeling in Delaware s Inland Bays: Where Have We Been and Where Should We Go? Damian C. Brady University of Maine Center for the Inland Bays Science and Technical Advisory Committee March
The Integration of Hydrographic and Oceanographic Data in a Marine Geographic Information System U.S. Hydro 2015 Karen Hart CARIS USA Oceanography and Hydrography Defined Oceanography: The branch of Earth
Appendix B: Estimates This appendix presents the estimated costs of the monitoring and supplemental research components presented in Section 3 of this document. A 20% quality assurance and quality control
E Appendix E Water Quality Risk Assessment Template Introduction The following template has been prepared as a basis for the production of a Water Quality Risk Assessment. Refer to Section 5 of the Protecting
Londonderry Bathing Water Profile DERRY ANTRIM Waterfoot Enniskillen FERMANAGH TYRONE Armagh ARMAGH Belfast Lisburn DOWN Newry May 2016 Bathing Water Profile Waterfoot Map of Northern Ireland s Bathing
Journal Descriptions Ocean Dynamics Ocean Dynamics is an international journal that publishes high-quality peer-reviewed articles in biological, chemical and physical oceanography. Coverage spans theoretical
Course Syllabus Marine Biology MARS 3450, Fall 2015 Updated 8/14/15 Photo by Dave Cowles, Goodman Creek, WA, July 2002 (http://www.wallawalla.edu/academics/departments/ biology/rosario/inverts/echinodermata/class%20asteroidea/pisaster_ochraceus.html).
What types of monitoring do we do? Freshwater (rivers, streams) Marine Waters (bays, ocean) & Tidal Rivers Ambient Ground Water What do we monitor these waters for? Sanitary Quality (indicators of human
ABP Southampton Southampton Approach Channel Dredge Assessment of Capital Dredging Under the Water Framework Directive Report R.1832TN November 2011 Southampton Approach Channel Dredge Assessment of Capital
APPENDIX 2A: SUMMARY OF PROJECT CONSULTATIONS Consultations were carried out to solicit the public views and support on the proposed Peng Chau STW Upgrade. The Project Proponent (DSD and/or EPD) and the
TOUR DE TABLE CANADA NATO/CCMS Pilot Study Prevention and Remediation In Selected Industrial Sectors: SEDIMENTS Presented by Lisa Keller, P. Eng. Environment Canada June 20, 2007 Outline Contaminated Sites
NATURAL RESOURCE RESTORATION LESSON PLAN Fix It! Theme Repairing Damaged Resources Links to Overview Essays and Resources Needed for Student Research http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/education/corals http://oceanservice.noaa.gov/topics/coasts/restoration/
Coordinating unit: Teaching unit: Academic year: Degree: ECTS credits: 2015 250 - ETSECCPB - Barcelona School of Civil Engineering 751 - ECA - Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering MASTER'S
FAME PROJECT - INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP TERESA SIMAS 1 20 TH NOVEMBER, 2012 OBJECTIVES Overview of marine renewable energy development and prospects CONTENTS Green House Gas emissions targets Renewable energy
Biomes An Overview of Ecology Ecology is the scientific study of the interactions between organisms and their environments. Ecology can be divided into four increasingly comprehensive levels: Organismal
Introduction to HR Wallingford Andrew Brown - Business Development Director India UK water Security Exchange Initiative - Feb 2016 Visit Our vision To be the most respected international research and consultancy
Session 2478 An Intercampus Graduate School of Marine Sciences and Technology Eugene E. Niemi, Jr. University of Massachusetts Lowell I. Introduction Four of the colleges that make up the University of
High Resolution Continental Shelf Model (CS20) 1/60 latitude by 1/40 longitude (horizontal resolution approximately 1 nautical mile ( 1.8km)). Area: 12 W-13 E; 48 N-61 30 N within the 200m depth contour
Establishing large-scale trans-boundaries MPA networks: the OSPAR example in North-East Atlantic Introduction A pledge to establish a representative network of marine and coastal protected areas by 2012
SANTA TERESA RESEARCH CENTRE THE CENTRE Address ENEA S. Teresa Marine Environment Centre 19036 Pozzuolo di Lerici (La Spezia) C.P. 224 19100 La Spezia Tel. +39-0187-9781, fax +39-0187-978213 Director Eng.
Water Quality Multiple Choice Test 1. Free floating aquatic organisms are known as a) nekton b) symbiodinium c) plankton d) benthos e) pelagic inhabitants 2. Flowing-water ecosystems, especially headwater
Governing key flows in the Source to Sea continuum Science paper for GEF/STAP Jakob Granit, PhD Center Director SEI, GEF/STAP Writing team: Jakob Granit, GEF/STAP; Birgitta Liss Lymer, SIWI; Stephen Olsen,
Potentialities and difficulties of application CoastColour data to the Egyptian Coastal Waters Wahid M. Moufaddal National Institute of Oceanography & Fisheries (NIOF) Alexandria, Egypt CoastColour UCM,
This website would like to remind you: Your browser (Apple Safari 7) is out of date. Update your browser for more security, comfort and the best experience on this site. Activitydevelop Ocean Abiotic Factors
Client Name Change the document title using the properties option on the Jacobs Ribbon Anchorsholme New Stormwater Pumping Station and Long Sea Outfall United Utilities Non-Technical Summary of the November
Impact on marine environment of radioactive releases resulting from the Fukushima-Daiichi nuclear accident 4th April 2011 Measurements taken over several days in the sea water in the vicinity of the power
Malcolm L. Spaulding Professor Emeritus, Ocean Engineering University of Rhode Island Narragansett, RI 02881 USACE Coastal and Hydraulics Laboratory(CHL) Data Infrastructure Workshop January 23, 2014 Overview
Towards policy for Dorset s Coast: Pollution & Environmental Quality Dorset Coast Strategy aims to achieve integrated management of the whole of Dorset s Coast and inshore waters out to the 12-mile limit
Marine Protected Areas POLICY Canada March 1999 Published by: Canada Marine Ecosystems Conservation Branch Oceans Directorate Ottawa, ON K1A 0E6 DFO / 5870 Minister of Public Works and Government Service
A Traditional Island Industry The PEI wild public fishery has remained a productive Island industry for 150 years Wild public oyster fishers still fish in the traditional methods of their ancestors, using
Class 39 -- Food Webs MATTER AND ENERGY TRANSFER IN MARINE ECOSYSTEMS Ecosystems (Producers, Consumers, Decomposers) Food chains and food webs Efficiency of energy flow (Trophic( pyramid) FACTORS CONTROLLING
International Coordination Meeting for the Development of a Tsunami Warning and Mitigation System for the Indian Ocean within a global framework UNESCO, Paris 3-8 March 2005 Project proposition on Coastal
Bergen Community College Division of Mathematics, Science, and Technology Department of Biology and Horticulture Introduction to Marine Biology (BIO-228) General Course Syllabus Spring 2016 Course Title:
Developed by the Ocean Research & Conservation Association The world s first technology-based aquatic conservation organization A Special Place Because of its unique geographical location, bordering the
Ministry of Environmental rotection of the Republic of Kazakhstan Second Preparatory Conference for the 16th OSCE Economic and Environmental Forum Ashgabat, 6-7 March 2008 Karibzhanova Galiya Head of Administration
Celia Y. Chen, Ph.D Dartmouth College Research Professor Department of Biological Sciences Class of '78 Life Sciences Center HB 6044 Hanover, NH 03755 (603)646 2376 Celia.firstname.lastname@example.org Dr. Celia Chen
Introduction to Nutrient Management, Nutrient Cycling and Regional Nutrient Balance Issues 2005 Fundamentals of Nutrient Management Training Course Dec. 14-15 Tom Basden Ag. and Natural Resources WVU Extension