# CHEMISTRY Quiz #1 answer key September 16, 2010

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1 CHEMISTRY Quiz #1 answer key September 16, 2010 Statistics: Average: 37 p (74%); Highest: 48 p (96%); Lowest: 20 p (40%) Number of students performing at or above average: 69 (58%) Number of students performing below 55%: 9 (8%) 1. Which of the following metric relationships is incorrect? a. 1 microliter = 10 6 liters b. 1 gram = 10 3 kilograms c milliliters = 1 liter d. 1 gram = 10 2 centigrams e. 10 decimeters = 1 meter 1 inch = 2.54 centimeters (cm) 1 foot = meters (m) 1 mile = kilometers (km) 1 liter (l) US fluid ounces 1 US gallon = liters 1 ounce = grams (g) 1 pound (lb) = kilograms (kg) 2. For which pair is the SI prefix not matched correctly with its meaning? a. mega = 10 6 b. kilo = 1000 c. deci = 10 d. nano = 10 9 e. centi = A metric unit for length is a. gram b. milliliter c. yard d. kilometer e. pound 4. Order the four metric prefixes from smallest to largest. a. nano- < milli- < centi- < kilob. milli- < nano- < centi- < kiloc. kilo- < centi- < nano- < millid. kilo- < centi- < milli- < nanoe. centi- < nano- < kilo- < milli seconds contain this many nanoseconds. a b c d e Consider the numbers and The sum of these numbers has _4 significant figures, and the product of these numbers has _3_ significant figures. a. 3, 3 b. 4, 4 c. 3, 4 d. 4, 3 e. none of these

2 7. How many significant figures should be reported for the difference between ml and ml? a. 1 b. 2 c. 3 d. 4 e Express the volume cm 3 in liters. a L b L c L d L e L 9. The melting point of a certain element is 346 C. What is this on the Fahrenheit scale? a. 465 F b. 224 F c. 896 F d. 655 F e. 591 F 10. The density of gasoline is g/ml at 20 C. When gasoline is added to water: a. It will float on top. b. It will sink to the bottom. c. It will mix so, you can't see it. d. The mixture will improve the running of the motor. e. None of these things will happen. 11. The state of matter for an object that has a definite volume but not a definite shape is a. solid state b. liquid state c. gaseous state d. elemental state e. mixed state 12. An example of a pure substance is a. an element b. a compound c. pure water d. carbon dioxide e. all of these 13. Which of the following statements is false? a. Solutions are always homogeneous mixtures. b. The terms atom and element can have different meanings. c. Elements can exist as atoms or molecules. d. Compounds can exist as atoms or molecules. e. At least two of the above statements (A-D) are false.

3 Use the following figure to answer questions Which best represents a homogeneous mixture of an element and a compound? a. option a b. option b a) b) c) c. option c d. option d e. option e d) e) 15. Which best represents a heterogeneous mixture of two elements? a. option a b. option b c. option c d. option d e. option e 16. The scientist who discovered the law of conservation of mass and is also called the father of modern chemistry is a. Proust b. Boyle c. Priestly d. Bauer e. Lavoisier 17. Which of the following pairs can be used to illustrate the law of multiple proportions? a. SO and SO 2 b. CO and CaCO 3 c. H 2 O and C 12 H 22 O 11 d. H 2 SO 4 and H 2 S e. KCl and KClO According to the law of multiple proportions: a. If the same two elements form two different compounds, they do so in the same ratio. b. It is not possible for the same two elements to form more than one compound. c. The ratio of the masses of the elements in a compound is always the same. d. The total mass after a chemical change is the same as before the change. e. None of these. 19. A sample of chemical X is found to contain 5.0 grams of oxygen, 10.0 grams of carbon, and 20.0 grams of nitrogen. The law of definite proportion would predict that a 67 gram sample of chemical X should contain how many grams of carbon? a. 5.0 grams d. 15 grams b. 6.7 grams e. 19 grams c. 10. grams 20. Which of the following statements from Dalton's atomic theory is no longer true, according to modern atomic theory? a. Elements are made up of tiny particles called atoms. b. Atoms are not created or destroyed in chemical reactions. c. All atoms of a given element are identical. d. Atoms are indivisible in chemical reactions. e. All of these statements are true according to modern atomic theory.

4 21. Many classic experiments have given us indirect evidence of the nature of the atom. Which of the experiments listed below DID NOT give the results described? a. The Rutherford experiment proved the Thomson "plum-pudding" model of the atom to be essentially correct. b. The Rutherford experiment was useful in determining the presence of nucleus in the atom. c. Millikan's oil-drop experiment showed that the charge on any particle was a simple multiple of the charge on the electron. d. The cathode-ray tube proved that electrons have a negative charge. e. All of the above experiments gave the results described. 22. Bromine exists naturally as a mixture of bromine-79 and bromine-81 isotopes. An atom of bromine-79 contains a. 35 protons, 44 neutrons, 35 electrons b. 34 protons and 35 electrons, only c. 44 protons, 44 electrons, and 35 neutrons d. 35 protons, 79 neutrons, and 35 electrons e. 79 protons, 79 electrons, and 35 neutrons 23. Which among the following represent a set of isotopes? Atomic nuclei containing: I. 20 protons and 20 neutrons II. 21 protons and 19 neutrons III. 22 protons and 18 neutrons IV. 20 protons and 22 neutrons V. 21 protons and 20 neutrons a. I, II, III b. III, IV c. I, V d. I, IV and II, V e. No isotopes are indicated. 24. An isotope, X, of a particular element has an atomic number of 15 and a mass number of 31. Therefore: a. X is an isotope of phosphorus. b. X has 16 neutrons per atom. c. X has an atomic mass of d. A and B. e. A, B, and C. 25. Which of the following statements is (are) true? 18 a. O and F have the same number of neutrons. 14 b. C and N are isotopes of each other because their mass numbers are the same c. O 8 has the same number of electrons as 20 Ne. 10 d. A and B e. A and C 26. A species with 12 protons and 10 electrons is a. Ne 2+ b. Ti 2+ c. Mg 2+ d. Mg e. Ne 2

5 27. An ion is formed a. By either adding or subtracting protons from the atom. b. By either adding or subtracting electrons from the atom. c. By either adding or subtracting neutrons from the atom. d. All of the above are true. e. Two of the above are true. 28. The formula of water, H 2 O, suggests: a. There is twice as much mass of hydrogen as oxygen in each molecule. b. There are two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom per water molecule. c. There is twice as much mass of oxygen as hydrogen in each molecule. d. There are two oxygen atoms and one hydrogen atom per water molecule. e. None of these. 29. All of the following are true except: a. Ions are formed by adding electrons to a neutral atom. b. Ions are formed by changing the number of protons in an atom's nucleus. c. Ions are formed by removing electrons from a neutral atom. d. An ion has a positive or negative charge. e. Metals tend to form positive ions. 30. Which of the following are incorrectly paired? a. K, alkali metal b. Ba, alkaline earth metal c. O, halogen d. Ne, noble gas e. Ni, transition metal 31. All of the following are characteristics of nonmetals except: a. poor conductors of electricity b. often bond to each other by forming covalent bonds c. tend to form negative ions in chemical reactions with metals d. appear in the upper left-hand corner of the periodic table e. do not have a shiny (lustrous) appearance 32. Which of the following has 61 neutrons, 47 protons, and 46 electrons? a. 80 Pm 61 b. c. d. e. 47 Ag+ 46 Pd 47 Cd+ Ag Which of the following statements are true of uranium-238 ( 238 U)? I. Its chemical properties will be exactly like those of uranium-235. II. Its mass will be slightly different from that of an atom of uranium-235. III. It will contain a different number of protons than an atom of uranium-235. IV. It is more abundant in nature than uranium-235.

6 a. III, IV b. I, II, III c. I, II, IV d. II, III, IV e. all of these 34. You are given a compound with the formula MCl 3, in which M is a metal. You are told that the metal ion has 10 electrons. What is the identity of the metal? a. Mn b. Al c. Cu d. Fe e. Co 35. Which of the following names is incorrect? a. cobalt(ii) chloride b. magnesium oxide c. aluminum(iii) oxide d. diphosphorus pentoxide e. All of the above names are correct. 36. Which of the following pairs is incorrect? a. iodine trichloride, ICl 3 b. phosphorus pentoxide, P 2 O 5 c. ammonia, NH 3 d. sulfur hexafluoride, SF 6 e. All of the above pairs are correct. 37. The correct name for Ca 2+ is a. calcium b. calcium(ii) ion c. calcium ion d. calcium(i) ion e. monocalcium ion 38. The correct name for N 3 is a. nitride ion b. nitrogen ion c. nitrogen(iii) ion d. nitro(iii) ion e. nitrite 39. Which of the following is incorrectly named? a. Ba(NO 3 ) 2, barium nitrate b. NH 4 ClO 4, ammonium perchlorate c. PO 3 4, phosphate ion d. Mg(OH) 2, magnesium hydroxide e. NO 3, nitrite ion 40. All of the following are in aqueous solution. Which is incorrectly named? a. H 2 SO 4, sulfuric acid b. H 2 CO 3, carbonic acid c. H 3 PO 4, phosphoric acid d. HCN, cyanic acid e. HCl, hydrochloric acid

7 41. Which of the following is incorrectly named? a. SO 2 3, sulfite ion b. Cr 2 O 2 7, dichromate ion c. PO 3 4, phosphate ion d. ClO 2, chlorate ion e. CN, cyanide ion 42. The compound K 2 SO 3 is named: a. Calcium sulfate b. Potassium sulfate c. Potassium sulfite d. Krypton sulfur trioxide e. Dipotassium sulfite 43. The compound Cu(ClO 3 ) 2 is named: a. Copper(II) perchlorate b. Cobalt chlorine trioxide c. Copper(II) chlorate d. Copper(II) chloride e. Copper dichlorate 44. The compound lithium dichromate has the formula: a. LiCrO 4 b. Li 2 CrO 4 c. Li 2 Cr 2 O 7 d. LaCrO 4 e. Li(CrO 4 ) Methane has the formula: a. NH 3 b. CCl 4 c. CH 4 d. H 2 O e. Mn True/False questions: 46. (F) All physical changes are accompanied by chemical changes. 47. (F) The number of neutrons in an atom is the same for all neutral atoms of that element. 48. (T) The number of electrons in an atom is the same for all neutral atoms of that element. 49. (T) A binary compound formed by a metal and a non-metal is always ionic. 50. (T) Sodium hydride is an ionic compound.

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