Untitled Document. 1. Which of the following best describes an atom? 4. Which statement best describes the density of an atom s nucleus?

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Untitled Document. 1. Which of the following best describes an atom? 4. Which statement best describes the density of an atom s nucleus?"

Transcription

1 Name: Date: 1. Which of the following best describes an atom? A. protons and electrons grouped together in a random pattern B. protons and electrons grouped together in an alternating pattern C. a core of protons and neutrons surrounded by electrons D. a core of electrons and neutrons surrounded by protons 4. Which statement best describes the density of an atom s nucleus? A. The nucleus occupies most of the atom s volume but contains little of its mass. B. The nucleus occupies very little of the atom s volume and contains little of its mass. C. The nucleus occupies most of the atom s volume and contains most of its mass. D. The nucleus occupies very little of the atom s volume but contains most of its mass. 2. Which of the following is found farthest from the center of an atom? A. nucleus B. proton 5. C. neutron D. electron 3. Which of the following atoms has six valence electrons? A. magnesium (Mg) B. silicon (Si) Which of the following elements has the same Lewis dot structure as silicon? A. germanium (Ge) B. aluminum (Al) C. arsenic (As) D. gallium (Ga) C. sulfur (S) D. argon (Ar) page 1

2 6. Use the diagram below to answer the following question. 8. Silver (Ag) has 47 protons in each atom. Based on this information, which of the following also describes an atom of silver? A. It has no neutrons. B. It has 47 electrons. Which element will gain only one electron during a chemical reaction? C. It has 23 neutrons and 24 electrons. D. It has a total of 94 neutrons and electrons. A. silicon B. phosphorus C. sulfur D. chlorine 9. Which of the following statements best explains why elements in the same family of the periodic table have similar bonding properties? 7. Use the picture of an atom below to answer the question. A. The elements have similar atomic sizes. B. The elements have similar atomic masses. C. The elements have similar numbers of protons. D. The elements have similar valence electron configurations. Which statement best describes the part of the atom that is shown by the arrow? A. It is an electron, and it has a negative charge. B. It is an electron, and it has a positive charge. C. It is a proton, and it has a negative charge. D. It is a proton, and it has a positive charge. 10. Which of the following subatomic particles can be found inside the nucleus of an atom? A. electrons only B. neutrons only C. protons and neutrons D. protons, neutrons, and electrons page 2

3 11. How many electrons are in the outermost energy shell of a calcium atom? 14. Which distinguishes an atom of one element from an atom of a different element? A. 1 B. 2 C. 6 D. 8 A. the number of protons B. the number of neutrons C. the number of electrons D. the number of neutrons and protons 12. Which of the following identifies the number and location of protons in a lithium atom? A. 3 protons, located in the nucleus B. 7 protons, located in the nucleus C. 3 protons, located in an atomic orbital D. 7 protons, located in an atomic orbital 15. How many protons are in an atom of bromine? A. 115 B. 80 C. 45 D Which part of Dalton s atomic theory was disproved by further scientific research? A. All elements are composed of atoms. B. Atoms are indivisible particles. C. Atoms of different elements are different. D. Compounds are composed of two or more elements. 16. What is the mass number in atomic mass units of an atom with 14 protons, 14 electrons, and 16 neutrons? A. 14 amu B. 16 amu C. 30 amu D. 44 amu page 3

4 17. Which drawing best represents an atom of lithium? 18. Which accounts for most of the mass of an atom? A. A. electrons B. protons C. neutrons and protons D. electrons and neutrons B. 19. A diagram of the periodic table of the elements is shown below. C. D. In which region of the table would nonmetals be found? A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D Which class of elements best conducts electricity? A. metals B. nonmetals C. semimetals D. noble (inert) gases page 4

5 21. Generally, how do atomic masses vary throughout the periodic table of the elements? 24. Refer to this portion of the periodic table to answer the question that follows. A. They increase from left to right and top to bottom. B. They increase from left to right and bottom to top. C. They increase from right to left and top to bottom. D. They increase from right to left and bottom to top. Which element in this group would be the least likely to react with other elements? A. Boron B. Carbon C. Neon D. Oxygen 22. Which of the following elements is classified as a metal? A. bromine B. helium C. sulfur D. lithium 25. Group I (the alkali metals) includes lithium (Li), sodium (Na), and potassium (K). These elements have similar chemical properties because they have the same. A. numbers of protons and neutrons B. numbers of electrons in the outer energy level C. numbers of protons in the nucleus D. numbers of neutrons in the nucleus 23. Which of the following is the most important factor in determining an element s place in the periodic table? A. Number of protons B. Number of neutrons C. Atomic Charge D. Atomic Density 26. Which statement correctly describes both gases and liquids? A. Their shapes stay the same in any container. B. Their shapes change when they are in different containers. C. Their volumes stay the same in any container. D. Their volumes change when they are in different containers. page 5

6 27. A scientist uses an instrument to observe the pattern of molecules in a substance. The picture below shows what the scientist sees. 30. Which glass contains only a gas? A. B. What state of matter is the scientist most likely observing? A. gas B. liquid C. vapor D. solid C. D. 28. Within a substance, atoms that collide frequently and move independently of one another are most likely in a 31. This diagram represents a neutral atom of boron-11. A. liquid. B. solid. C. gas. D. crystal. 29. Solids have a definite shape and volume. This is because A. the molecules in solids move past each other easily. B. the molecules in solids stay in a definite location and vibrate. C. the molecules in solids move freely in all directions. D. the molecules in solids do not move at all. How many protons and neutrons does boron-11 have? A. 11 protons, 11 neutrons B. 11 protons, 0 neutrons C. 6 protons, 5 neutrons D. 5 protons, 6 neutrons page 6

7 32. Use the graphic to answer the following question. 33. Nickel (Ni) is an element found in Group 10 of the periodic table of elements. Which element does the shell model represent? A. B. Based on its location in the periodic table, which of these is a property of nickel? A. Low density B. Strong semiconductor C. Highly reactive with other elements D. Good conductor of heat and electricity C. D. 34. Which elements are in the same period? A. lead and sodium B. oxygen and helium C. silver and tin D. tin and lead 35. What do all atoms of the same element have in common? A. number of neutrons B. mass number C. atomic number D. atomic mass page 7

8 36. Which element is an alkaline earth metal? 39. The diagram below shows the Periodic Table of the Elements. A. Li B. O C. Ne D. Ca Based on its location in the periodic table, which element in the table is least reactive? 37. Which is the best example of a pure substance? A. Li B. F C. Ca D. Kr A. peanuts B. milk C. gold D. air 40. Use the partial periodic table to answer the following question. 38. The smallest particle of any element that still has the properties of that element is called A. an atom. B. a compound. C. a solution. D. a mixture. A neutral atom of silicon has A. 12 electrons. B. 13 electrons. C. 14 electrons. D. 15 electrons. page 8

PERIODIC TABLE OF ELEMENTS., a Russian scientist is credited with creating the periodic table.

PERIODIC TABLE OF ELEMENTS., a Russian scientist is credited with creating the periodic table. PERIODIC TABLE OF ELEMENTS, a Russian scientist is credited with creating the periodic table. Periods tell us how many are in the atoms of each element. Groups help us to know how many electrons are in

More information

Chapter 5 TEST: The Periodic Table name

Chapter 5 TEST: The Periodic Table name Chapter 5 TEST: The Periodic Table name HPS # date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The order of elements in the periodic table is based

More information

UNIT (2) ATOMS AND ELEMENTS

UNIT (2) ATOMS AND ELEMENTS UNIT (2) ATOMS AND ELEMENTS 2.1 Elements An element is a fundamental substance that cannot be broken down by chemical means into simpler substances. Each element is represented by an abbreviation called

More information

Science and technology 404

Science and technology 404 Name Date STUDY GUIDE CHAPTER 1 ATOMS AND ELEMENTS 1) DESCRIBE THE RUTHERFORD-BOHR ATOMIC MODEL All matter is made of small particles called atoms. An atom is the smallest unit of matter that retains the

More information

Answers and Solutions to Text Problems

Answers and Solutions to Text Problems Atoms and Elements 2 Answers and Solutions to Text Problems 2.1 a. Cu b. Si c. K d. N e. Fe f. Ba g. Pb h. Sr 2.2 a. O b. Li c. S d. Al e. H f. Ne g. Sn h. Au 2.3 a. carbon b. chlorine c. iodine d. mercury

More information

1. Structure and Properties of the Atom

1. Structure and Properties of the Atom 1. Structure and Properties of the Atom 1.1 Atoms: A simple definition of the atom is that it is the smallest particle that contains the properties of that element. The idea of atoms was first suggested

More information

Lithium Atomic number: 3 Atomic weight: 7 State of matter: solid Protons: 3 Neutrons (usually): 4 Electrons: 3 Number of electron shells:

Lithium Atomic number: 3 Atomic weight: 7 State of matter: solid Protons: 3 Neutrons (usually): 4 Electrons: 3 Number of electron shells: Hydrogen Atomic number: 1 Atomic weight: 1 Protons: 1 Neutrons (usually): 0 Electrons: 1 H Helium Atomic number: 2 Atomic weight: 4 Protons: 2 Neutrons (usually): 2 Electrons: 2 He Lithium Atomic number:

More information

1. Structure and Properties of the Atom

1. Structure and Properties of the Atom SACE Stage 1 Chemistry - The Essentials 1. Structure and Properties of the Atom 1.1 Atoms: A simple definition of the atom is that it is the smallest particle that contains the properties of that element.

More information

B) atomic number C) both the solid and the liquid phase D) Au C) Sn, Si, C A) metal C) O, S, Se C) In D) tin D) methane D) bismuth B) Group 2 metal

B) atomic number C) both the solid and the liquid phase D) Au C) Sn, Si, C A) metal C) O, S, Se C) In D) tin D) methane D) bismuth B) Group 2 metal 1. The elements on the Periodic Table are arranged in order of increasing A) atomic mass B) atomic number C) molar mass D) oxidation number 2. Which list of elements consists of a metal, a metalloid, and

More information

******* KEY ******* Atomic Structure & Periodic Table Test Study Guide

******* KEY ******* Atomic Structure & Periodic Table Test Study Guide Atomic Structure & Periodic Table Test Study Guide VOCABULARY: Write a brief definition of each term in the space provided. 1. Atoms: smallest unit of an element that has all of the properties of that

More information

Chapter 2 Atoms, Molecules, and Ions

Chapter 2 Atoms, Molecules, and Ions Chapter 2 Atoms, Molecules, and Ions 1 Self study: The history of the development of atomic theory. 9 th Ed: pp. 36-41 or 10 th Ed: pp. 38-42. 2 The Atomic Theory of Matter John Dalton (1766-1844), began

More information

IPS Unit 8 Periodic Table Review Worksheet

IPS Unit 8 Periodic Table Review Worksheet Name: Period: IPS Unit 8 Periodic Table Review Worksheet Directions: Use the terms below to correctly complete the statements. Write the terms in the blanks to the left. Then find and circle each term

More information

Unit 3 Study Guide: Electron Configuration & The Periodic Table

Unit 3 Study Guide: Electron Configuration & The Periodic Table Name: Teacher s Name: Class: Block: Date: Unit 3 Study Guide: Electron Configuration & The Periodic Table 1. For each of the following elements, state whether the element is radioactive, synthetic or both.

More information

7.4. Using the Bohr Theory KNOW? Using the Bohr Theory to Describe Atoms and Ions

7.4. Using the Bohr Theory KNOW? Using the Bohr Theory to Describe Atoms and Ions 7.4 Using the Bohr Theory LEARNING TIP Models such as Figures 1 to 4, on pages 218 and 219, help you visualize scientific explanations. As you examine Figures 1 to 4, look back and forth between the diagrams

More information

Page Which element is a noble gas? (1) krypton (3) antimony (2) chlorine (4) manganese

Page Which element is a noble gas? (1) krypton (3) antimony (2) chlorine (4) manganese 1. Which characteristics describe most nonmetals in the solid phase? (1) They are malleable and have metallic luster. (2) They are malleable and lack metallic luster. (3) They are brittle and have metallic

More information

Atomic Theory: The Nuclear Model of the Atom

Atomic Theory: The Nuclear Model of the Atom Chapter 5 Atomic Theory: The Nuclear Model of the Atom Section 5.1 Dalton s Atomic Theory Goal 1 Precursors to John Dalton s atomic theory Law of Definite Composition The percentage by mass of the elements

More information

Periodic Table Extra Practice

Periodic Table Extra Practice Periodic Table Extra Practice 1. Which of the following elements in Period 3 has the greatest metallic character? 1) Ar 3) Mg 2) Si 4) S 2. Which sequence of atomic numbers represents elements which have

More information

47374_04_p25-32.qxd 2/9/07 7:50 AM Page 25. 4 Atoms and Elements

47374_04_p25-32.qxd 2/9/07 7:50 AM Page 25. 4 Atoms and Elements 47374_04_p25-32.qxd 2/9/07 7:50 AM Page 25 4 Atoms and Elements 4.1 a. Cu b. Si c. K d. N e. Fe f. Ba g. Pb h. Sr 4.2 a. O b. Li c. S d. Al e. H f. Ne g. Sn h. Au 4.3 a. carbon b. chlorine c. iodine d.

More information

Periodic Table Questions

Periodic Table Questions Periodic Table Questions 1. The elements characterized as nonmetals are located in the periodic table at the (1) far left; (2) bottom; (3) center; (4) top right. 2. An element that is a liquid at STP is

More information

Test 7: Periodic Table Review Questions

Test 7: Periodic Table Review Questions Name: Wednesday, January 16, 2008 Test 7: Periodic Table Review Questions 1. Which halogen is a solid at STP? 1. fluorine 3. bromine 2. chlorine 4. iodine 2. Element M is a metal and its chloride has the

More information

Name: Class: Date: Chapter 4 & 5 Review

Name: Class: Date: Chapter 4 & 5 Review Name: Class: Date: Chapter 4 & 5 Review 1. Unlike Democritus, Aristotle did not believe that matter was composed of tiny, indivisible. 2. The results of Rutherford s gold foil experiment demonstrated that

More information

TEST NAME: Chemistry ES 1.3 TEST ID: GRADE:11 SUBJECT:Life and Physical Sciences TEST CATEGORY: My Classroom

TEST NAME: Chemistry ES 1.3 TEST ID: GRADE:11 SUBJECT:Life and Physical Sciences TEST CATEGORY: My Classroom TEST NAME: Chemistry ES 1.3 TEST ID: 61960 GRADE:11 SUBJECT:Life and Physical Sciences TEST CATEGORY: My Classroom Chemistry ES 1.3 Page 1 of 10 Student: Class: Date: 1. The electron configuration of an

More information

Review- The Periodic Table

Review- The Periodic Table Review- The Periodic Table Name Date Block Matching: Match the description in with the correct term in. Write the letter in the blank provided. Each term matches with only one description, so be sure to

More information

The Periodic Table. Name: Class: Date: ID: A. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question:

The Periodic Table. Name: Class: Date: ID: A. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question: Name: Class: Date:, ID: A The Periodic Table Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question: 1. What are the elements with atomic numbers from 58 to 71 called?

More information

Chapter 2 Atoms and the Periodic Table

Chapter 2 Atoms and the Periodic Table Chapter 2 1 Chapter 2 Atoms and the Periodic Table Solutions to In-Chapter Problems 2.1 Each element is identified by a one- or two-letter symbol. Use the periodic table to find the symbol for each element.

More information

SAI. Protons Electrons Neutrons Isotope Name. Isotope Symbol 131i S3 1. Atomic Number. Mass Number

SAI. Protons Electrons Neutrons Isotope Name. Isotope Symbol 131i S3 1. Atomic Number. Mass Number ATOMIC STRUCTURE AND THE PERIODIC TABLE CHAPTER 4 WORKSHEET PART A Given the following isotopes, determine the atomic number, the mass number, the number of protons, electrons and neutrons. Isotope Symbol

More information

Unit 6 Particles with Internal Structure 3-1

Unit 6 Particles with Internal Structure 3-1 Unit 6 Particles with Internal Structure 3-1 The Elements Remember, elements are combined to form molecules the way letters are combined to form words. Presently there are about 115 known elements. Only

More information

Name. Worksheet: Periodic Trends. 11. Which sequence of elements is arranged in order of decreasing atomic radii?

Name. Worksheet: Periodic Trends. 11. Which sequence of elements is arranged in order of decreasing atomic radii? 1. Which statement best describes Group 2 elements as they are considered in order from top to bottom of the Periodic Table? (A) The number of principal energy levels increases, and the number of valence

More information

ATOMIC THEORY. Name Symbol Mass (approx.; kg) Charge

ATOMIC THEORY. Name Symbol Mass (approx.; kg) Charge ATOMIC THEORY The smallest component of an element that uniquely defines the identity of that element is called an atom. Individual atoms are extremely small. It would take about fifty million atoms in

More information

Chapter 2 Atoms, Ions, and the Periodic Table

Chapter 2 Atoms, Ions, and the Periodic Table Chapter 2 Atoms, Ions, and the Periodic Table 2.1 (a) neutron; (b) law of conservation of mass; (c) proton; (d) main-group element; (e) relative atomic mass; (f) mass number; (g) isotope; (h) cation; (i)

More information

The Periodic Table: Chapter Problems Periodic Table Class Work Homework Special Groups Class Work Homework Periodic Families Class Work

The Periodic Table: Chapter Problems Periodic Table Class Work Homework Special Groups Class Work Homework Periodic Families Class Work The Periodic Table: Chapter Problems Periodic Table 1. As you move from left to right across the periodic table, how does atomic number change? 2. What element is located in period 3, group 13? 3. What

More information

ATOMS AND THE PERIODIC TABLE

ATOMS AND THE PERIODIC TABLE ATOMS AND THE PERIODIC TABLE Physical Science 2nd Semester NAME: CLASS PERIOD: TEACHER: ASSIGNMENT/PAGE NUMBERS DUE DATE POINTS EARNED Periodic Table of Elements pg. 1 Atomic Structure Learning Targets

More information

SCPS Chemistry Worksheet Periodicity A. Periodic table 1. Which are metals? Circle your answers: C, Na, F, Cs, Ba, Ni

SCPS Chemistry Worksheet Periodicity A. Periodic table 1. Which are metals? Circle your answers: C, Na, F, Cs, Ba, Ni SCPS Chemistry Worksheet Periodicity A. Periodic table 1. Which are metals? Circle your answers: C, Na, F, Cs, Ba, Ni Which metal in the list above has the most metallic character? Explain. Cesium as the

More information

Part I: Protons, Electrons, and Neutrons

Part I: Protons, Electrons, and Neutrons Part I: Protons, Electrons, and Neutrons 1. Neutral Atom of Hydrogen 1p + Atomic Number = 1 Atomic Mass = 1 (rounded) Number of protons = 1 Number of neutrons = 0 Number of electrons = 1 Number of Energy

More information

2. John Dalton did his research work in which of the following countries? a. France b. Greece c. Russia d. England

2. John Dalton did his research work in which of the following countries? a. France b. Greece c. Russia d. England CHAPTER 3 1. Which combination of individual and contribution is not correct? a. Antoine Lavoisier - clarified confusion over cause of burning b. John Dalton - proposed atomic theory c. Marie Curie - discovered

More information

b. How is the modern periodic table arranged? In order of increasing atomic number

b. How is the modern periodic table arranged? In order of increasing atomic number Unit 3 Review Chapters 4 (Atomic Structure) & 6 (Periodic Table) Part 1: Answer the following questions. 1. a. Which scientist created the first modern atomic theory? John Dalton b. What was his theory?

More information

Chapter 3 Atoms & the. Chapter 3 Section 2 The Simplest Matter Pages 80-85

Chapter 3 Atoms & the. Chapter 3 Section 2 The Simplest Matter Pages 80-85 Chapter 3 Atoms & the Periodic Table Chapter 3 Section 2 The Simplest Matter Pages 80-85 The Elements There are many different types of atoms. An element is matter made up of only one kind of atom. An

More information

Chemical Reactions Packet 2 Bonding-REG.

Chemical Reactions Packet 2 Bonding-REG. Chemical Reactions Packet 2 Bonding-REG. Ms. Rabenda Name: Period: 1 Lewis Dot Diagram Notes Illustrates the number of valence electrons. Valence electrons = Placed around the symbol of the element Helps

More information

Valence Electrons. Everything that is underlined should get filled in on your notes!

Valence Electrons. Everything that is underlined should get filled in on your notes! Valence Electrons Everything that is underlined should get filled in on your notes! Valence Electrons Valence electrons the electrons that are in the highest (outermost) energy level that level is also

More information

Lesson Outline for Teaching

Lesson Outline for Teaching Lesson Outline for Teaching Lesson 1: Using the Periodic Table A. What is the periodic table? 1. The periodic table is a chart of the elements arranged into rows and columns according to their chemical

More information

6. Each column of the periodic table is

6. Each column of the periodic table is 1. Atoms of elements that are in the same group have the same number of 5. Mendeleev left gaps in his periodic table because A. Protons B. Valence Electrons A. the table was too full B. no known elements

More information

3. What would you predict for the intensity and binding energy for the 3p orbital for that of sulfur?

3. What would you predict for the intensity and binding energy for the 3p orbital for that of sulfur? PSI AP Chemistry Periodic Trends MC Review Name Periodic Law and the Quantum Model Use the PES spectrum of Phosphorus below to answer questions 1-3. 1. Which peak corresponds to the 1s orbital? (A) 1.06

More information

Atomic Structure Chapter 5 Assignment & Problem Set

Atomic Structure Chapter 5 Assignment & Problem Set Atomic Structure Name Warm-Ups (Show your work for credit) Date 1. Date 2. Date 3. Date 4. Date 5. Date 6. Date 7. Date 8. Atomic Structure 2 Study Guide: Things You Must Know Vocabulary (know the definition

More information

Name: Class: Date: ID: A

Name: Class: Date: ID: A Name: Class: Date: ID: A Chapter 5 Assessment Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Mendeleev arranged the elements in his periodic table in

More information

1. According to the modern model of the atom, the nucleus of an atom is surrounded by one or more

1. According to the modern model of the atom, the nucleus of an atom is surrounded by one or more 1. According to the modern model of the atom, the nucleus of an atom is surrounded by one or more 8. The diagram below represents the nucleus of an atom. A) electrons B) neutrons C) positrons D) protons

More information

Chapter 3 Atoms and Elements

Chapter 3 Atoms and Elements Chapter 3 Atoms and Elements 1 Elements Elements are pure substances that cannot be separated into simpler substances by ordinary laboratory processes the building blocks of matter listed on the inside

More information

Periodic Table & Atomic Structure

Periodic Table & Atomic Structure St Peter the Apostle High School Chemistry Department Periodic Table & Atomic Structure N4 & N5 Homework Questions Answer questions as directed by your teacher. National 4 level questions are first followed

More information

Chapter 6: The Periodic Table Study Guide

Chapter 6: The Periodic Table Study Guide Chapter 6: The Periodic Table Study Guide I. General organization of table A. Modern periodic table 1. Increasing atomic number B. 3 major blocks 1. Metals a. Mostly solids at room temperature b. Conduct

More information

Chemistry A: Periodic Table Packet Name: Hour: Page 1. Chemistry A Periodic Table

Chemistry A: Periodic Table Packet Name: Hour: Page 1. Chemistry A Periodic Table Chemistry A: Periodic Table Packet Name: Hour: Page 1 Chemistry A Periodic Table Chemistry A: Periodic Table Packet Name: Hour: Page 2 Worksheet #1: Periodic Table Inquiry Activity Directions: I know that

More information

Chemistry CP Unit 2 Atomic Structure and Electron Configuration. Learning Targets (Your exam at the end of Unit 2 will assess the following:)

Chemistry CP Unit 2 Atomic Structure and Electron Configuration. Learning Targets (Your exam at the end of Unit 2 will assess the following:) Chemistry CP Unit 2 Atomic Structure and Electron Learning Targets (Your exam at the end of Unit 2 will assess the following:) 2. Atomic Structure and Electron 2-1. Give the one main contribution to the

More information

Matter, Elements, Compounds, Chemical Bonds and Energy

Matter, Elements, Compounds, Chemical Bonds and Energy Science of Kriyayoga IST 111-01, Spring 2005 Matter, Elements, Compounds, Chemical Bonds and Energy In our discussion so far, we have discussed human nervous system and cell biology, in addition to the

More information

Periodic Table. The periodic table organises the elements in a particular way.

Periodic Table. The periodic table organises the elements in a particular way. A quick guide... Periodic Table n The periodic table organises the elements in a particular way. n A great deal of information about an element can be gathered from its position in the periodic table.

More information

Periodic Table Packet #1

Periodic Table Packet #1 Directions: Answer the questions with the proper information using your notes, book, and the periodic table. 1. Define a family. 2. What is a period? 3. What is the symbol for the following elements. a.

More information

Atomic Theory and Bonding

Atomic Theory and Bonding Atomic Theory and Bonding Textbook pages 168 183 Section 4.1 Summary Before You Read What do you already know about Bohr diagrams? Record your answer in the lines below. What are atoms? An atom is the

More information

Chapter 17 Assessment Please write you answers on a separate piece of paper.

Chapter 17 Assessment Please write you answers on a separate piece of paper. Chapter 17 Assessment Please write you answers on a separate piece of paper. Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Mendeleev created

More information

The Nature of Chemistry

The Nature of Chemistry CHAPTER 1 The Nature of Chemistry Objectives You will be able to do the following. 1. Describe how science in general is done. 2. Given a description of a property of a substance, identify the property

More information

2. All of the atoms of argon have the same. 1. The atomic number of an atom is always equal to the total number of. A. mass number B.

2. All of the atoms of argon have the same. 1. The atomic number of an atom is always equal to the total number of. A. mass number B. 1. The atomic number of an atom is always equal to the total number of A. neutrons in the nucleus B. protons in the nucleus 2. All of the atoms of argon have the same A. mass number B. atomic number C.

More information

Atoms. Chemistry 100. Bettelheim, Brown, Campbell & Farrell. Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry Chapter 2

Atoms. Chemistry 100. Bettelheim, Brown, Campbell & Farrell. Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry Chapter 2 Chemistry 100 Bettelheim, Brown, Campbell & Farrell Ninth Edition Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry Chapter 2 Atoms Classifications of Matter: Elements An Element is a substance (for example,

More information

Chapter 6 The Periodic Table

Chapter 6 The Periodic Table Chapter 6 The Periodic Table Organizing the Periodic Table In a grocery store, the products are grouped according to similar characteristics. With a logical classification system, finding and comparing

More information

ATOMIC STRUCTURE AND THE PERIODIC TABLE

ATOMIC STRUCTURE AND THE PERIODIC TABLE 5 ATOMIC STRUCTURE AND THE PERIODIC TABLE Conceptual Curriculum Concrete concepts More abstract concepts or math/problem-solving Standard Curriculum Core content Extension topics Honors Curriculum Core

More information

Composition and Structure of the Atom. Protons: Positively charged, high mass particle. Neutrons: Neutral (no) charge, high mass

Composition and Structure of the Atom. Protons: Positively charged, high mass particle. Neutrons: Neutral (no) charge, high mass Composition and Structure of the Atom Atom: basic unit of an element; smallest unit that retains chemical properties of an element Subatomic particles: Small particles that are the building blocks from

More information

Physical Science Notes Properties of Atoms and the Periodic Table

Physical Science Notes Properties of Atoms and the Periodic Table Physical Science Notes Properties of Atoms and the Periodic Table Structure of the Atom Elements are abbreviated in scientific shorthand. Symbols on the periodic table are short or abbreviated ways to

More information

1) is credited with developing the concept of atomic numbers.

1) is credited with developing the concept of atomic numbers. Chemistry Chapter 14 Review Name answer key General Concept Questions 1) is credited with developing the concept of atomic numbers. A) Dmitri Mendeleev B) Lothar Meyer C) Henry Moseley D) Ernest Rutherford

More information

Scientists create models to understand how things work, including atoms.

Scientists create models to understand how things work, including atoms. CHEM100 Week 4 Notes Page 1 of 6 Scientists create models to understand how things work, including atoms. Dalton created a theory for the atom with these 5 postulates 1. Elements consist of one or more

More information

EXPERIMENT 4: Electron Configuration of elements

EXPERIMENT 4: Electron Configuration of elements Material: laboratory display of the elements and a wall periodic table is required. Objective: To learn the use of periodic table for writing electron configuration of elements. INTRODUCTION Basic building

More information

Atomic Structure & the Periodic Table CHAPTERS 4 & 5

Atomic Structure & the Periodic Table CHAPTERS 4 & 5 Atomic Structure & the Periodic Table CHAPTERS 4 & 5 Objectives Understandings: Chemical structure determines the properties of matter The identity and properties of individual elements is determined by

More information

ATOMS AND THE PERIODIC TABLE CHAPTER 3 PHYSICAL SCIENCE

ATOMS AND THE PERIODIC TABLE CHAPTER 3 PHYSICAL SCIENCE ATOMS AND THE PERIODIC TABLE CHAPTER 3 PHYSICAL SCIENCE Chapter 3 Vocabulary Words (27 words) Nucleus Atomic number Proton Mass number Neutron Isotopes Electron Atomic mass unit (amu) Energy level Average

More information

Name: Period: Date: Unit 3 Practice Review (the questions on the test are NOT the same as the review questions)

Name: Period: Date: Unit 3 Practice Review (the questions on the test are NOT the same as the review questions) Name: Period: Date: Unit 3 Review: things you will need to know 1. Atomic Theories: Know all the scientists in order. What did they discover? What experiment did they use? 2. Development of the periodic

More information

What is an Atom? smallest particle of an element that still has the properties of that element

What is an Atom? smallest particle of an element that still has the properties of that element Date: Science 10 4.1 Atomic Theory & Bonding What is an Atom? smallest particle of an element that still has the properties of that element An atom = proton(s) + electron(s) + neutron(s) (PEN) Fun Fact:

More information

Trends of the Periodic Table Diary

Trends of the Periodic Table Diary Trends of the Periodic Table Diary Trends are patterns of behaviors that atoms on the periodic table of elements follow. Trends hold true most of the time, but there are exceptions, or blips, where the

More information

CHM1 Review for Exam Which of the following elements has the highest electronegativity

CHM1 Review for Exam Which of the following elements has the highest electronegativity The following are topics and sample questions for the first exam. Topics 1. Mendeleev and the first periodic Table 2. Information in the Periodic Table a. Groups (families) i. Alkali (group 1) ii. Alkaline

More information

Grade 9 Science Unit: Atoms and Elements Topic 4: Periodic Table & Compounds

Grade 9 Science Unit: Atoms and Elements Topic 4: Periodic Table & Compounds Grade 9 Science Unit: Atoms and Elements Topic 4: Periodic Table & Compounds Topic Using the Periodic Table Metals, Non- Metals & Metalloids I can Explain and identify the periods of the Periodic Table.

More information

Use the PES spectrum of Phosphorus below to answer questions 1-3.

Use the PES spectrum of Phosphorus below to answer questions 1-3. Use the PES spectrum of Phosphorus below to answer questions 1-3. 1. Which peak corresponds to the 1s orbital? (A) 1.06 (B) 1.95 (C) 13.5 (D) 18.7 (E) 208 2. Which peak corresponds to the valence 3p orbital?

More information

Periodic Table of the Elements

Periodic Table of the Elements Periodic Table of the Elements Where did it come from? 1869 Demitri Mendeleev Russian chemist who discovered a pattern to the elements Wrote properties on cards Arranged cards according to properties

More information

Atomic Structure. Atoms and elements

Atomic Structure. Atoms and elements Atomic Structure Atoms and elements Everything in the world is made up from about 100 elements. Every element is made up of very small particles called atoms. An element is a substance in which all the

More information

CHM101 Lab The Periodic Table and Atomic Structure Grading Rubric

CHM101 Lab The Periodic Table and Atomic Structure Grading Rubric Name Team Name CHM101 Lab The Periodic Table and Atomic Structure Grading Rubric To participate in this lab you must have splash- proof goggles, proper shoes and attire. Criteria Points possible Points

More information

Chapter 6. Periodic Relationships Among the Elements

Chapter 6. Periodic Relationships Among the Elements Chapter 6. Periodic Relationships Among the Elements Student: 1. The nineteenth century chemists arranged elements in the periodic table according to increasing A. atomic number. B. number of electrons.

More information

HIGH SCHOOL SCIENCE. Physical Science 10: Periodic Table

HIGH SCHOOL SCIENCE. Physical Science 10: Periodic Table HIGH SCHOOL SCIENCE Physical Science 10: Periodic Table WILLMAR PUBLIC SCHOOL 2013-2014 EDITION CHAPTER 10 Periodic Table In this chapter you will: 1. Describe how Mendeleev arranged the elements in his

More information

ATOMIC STRUCTURE. Introduction. Modern concept of an atom. Fundamental particles of an atom. 1.electron (e - ) 2.proton

ATOMIC STRUCTURE. Introduction. Modern concept of an atom. Fundamental particles of an atom. 1.electron (e - ) 2.proton Introduction ATOMIC STRUCTURE The concept of an atom is originated from Greek philosophers like Democritus and John Dalton. Democritus studied the nature of matter and the constituents of all the substances.

More information

Answer Sheet Quarterly Review Questions

Answer Sheet Quarterly Review Questions Answer Sheet Quarterly Review Questions 1. Compared to the charge and mass of a proton, an electron has a. the same charge and a smaller mass b. the same charge and the same mass c. an opposite charge

More information

ATOMS A T O M S, I S O T O P E S, A N D I O N S. The Academic Support Center @ Daytona State College (Science 120, Page 1 of 39)

ATOMS A T O M S, I S O T O P E S, A N D I O N S. The Academic Support Center @ Daytona State College (Science 120, Page 1 of 39) ATOMS A T O M S, I S O T O P E S, A N D I O N S The Academic Support Center @ Daytona State College (Science 120, Page 1 of 39) THE ATOM All elements listed on the periodic table are made up of atoms.

More information

Students will be able to read the periodic table, define atom, molecule, and element, and construct a model of an atom and molecule.

Students will be able to read the periodic table, define atom, molecule, and element, and construct a model of an atom and molecule. Students will be able to read the periodic table, define atom, molecule, and element, and construct a model of an atom and molecule. Vocabulary Atom- smallest part of an element that retains the properties

More information

Chemistry 104 Chapter Three PowerPoint Notes

Chemistry 104 Chapter Three PowerPoint Notes Atomic Structure and the Periodic Table Chapter 3 Chemistry 104 Professor Michael Russell Atomic Theory Chemistry founded on four fundamental assumptions about atoms and matter which make up the modern

More information

Review - Atomic Structure

Review - Atomic Structure Name: Tuesday, June 03, 2008 Review - Atomic Structure 1. The number of neutrons in the nucleus of an atom can be determined by 1. adding the atomic number to the mass number 3. adding the mass number

More information

Do Now: What is the Periodic Table?

Do Now: What is the Periodic Table? Do Now: What is the Periodic Table? The Periodic Table History Dmitri Mendeleev Mendeleev s Proposal Arranged the elements into rows in order of increasing mass and placed elements with similar properties

More information

CHAPTER 10 MODERN ATOMIC THEORY AND THE PERIODIC TABLE SOLUTIONS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS

CHAPTER 10 MODERN ATOMIC THEORY AND THE PERIODIC TABLE SOLUTIONS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS HEINS10-118-128v4.qxd 12/30/06 2:05 PM Page 118 CHAPTER 10 MODERN ATOMIC THEORY AND THE PERIODIC TABLE SOLUTIONS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS 1. An electron orbital is a region in space around the nucleus of an

More information

PROTONS AND ELECTRONS

PROTONS AND ELECTRONS reflect Imagine that you have a bowl of oranges, bananas, pineapples, berries, pears, and watermelon. How do you identify each piece of fruit? Most likely, you are familiar with the characteristics of

More information

The idea of arranging the elements in the periodic table according to their chemical and physical properties is attributed to. d) Ramsay.

The idea of arranging the elements in the periodic table according to their chemical and physical properties is attributed to. d) Ramsay. Chemistry I PERIODIC TABLE PRACTICE QUIZ Mr. Scott Select the best answer. 1) The idea of arranging the elements in the periodic table according to their chemical and physical properties is attributed

More information

2. A pure substance composed of two or more different elements is e) a chemical compound.

2. A pure substance composed of two or more different elements is e) a chemical compound. CHM 134 General Chemistry I Name KEY Exam I Fall 2005 1pt Section I: Multiple Choice. (1.5 points each) 1. Which of the following is a heterogeneous mixture? a) mortar (a mixture of calcium carbonate and

More information

Electron Configurations, Isoelectronic Elements, & Ionization Reactions. Chemistry 11

Electron Configurations, Isoelectronic Elements, & Ionization Reactions. Chemistry 11 Electron Configurations, Isoelectronic Elements, & Ionization Reactions Chemistry 11 Note: Of the 3 subatomic particles, the electron plays the greatest role in determining the physical and chemical properties

More information

The Periodic Table: Periodic trends

The Periodic Table: Periodic trends Unit 1 The Periodic Table: Periodic trends There are over one hundred different chemical elements. Some of these elements are familiar to you such as hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and carbon. Each one has

More information

Chapter 3 Applying Your Knowledge- Even Numbered

Chapter 3 Applying Your Knowledge- Even Numbered Chapter 3 Applying Your Knowledge- Even Numbered 2. Elements in a specific compound are always present in a definite proportion by mass; for example, in methane, CH 4, 12 g of carbon are combined with

More information

Unit 2: Atomic Theory Practice Packet

Unit 2: Atomic Theory Practice Packet Unit 2: Atomic Theory Practice Packet 1 Name History of Atomic Theory Period Fill in the missing information in the chart below: Name of Researcher Equipment Sketch of Model Major Idea/Discovery N/A All

More information

Part I: Principal Energy Levels and Sublevels

Part I: Principal Energy Levels and Sublevels Part I: Principal Energy Levels and Sublevels As you already know, all atoms are made of subatomic particles, including protons, neutrons, and electrons. Positive protons and neutral neutrons are found

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Chem2A_Ch3_PT MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The smallest amount of an element that retains that elementʹs characteristics is

More information

Chapter 7 Periodic Properties of the Elements

Chapter 7 Periodic Properties of the Elements Chapter 7 Periodic Properties of the Elements 1. Elements in the modern version of the periodic table are arranged in order of increasing. (a). oxidation number (b). atomic mass (c). average atomic mass

More information

5.4 Trends in the Periodic Table

5.4 Trends in the Periodic Table 5.4 Trends in the Periodic Table Think about all the things that change over time or in a predictable way. For example, the size of the computer has continually decreased over time. You may become more

More information

PERIODIC TABLE OF GROUPS OF ELEMENTS Elements can be classified using two different schemes.

PERIODIC TABLE OF GROUPS OF ELEMENTS Elements can be classified using two different schemes. 1 PERIODIC TABLE OF GROUPS OF ELEMENTS Elements can be classified using two different schemes. Metal Nonmetal Scheme (based on physical properties) Metals - most elements are metals - elements on left

More information

MODERN ATOMIC THEORY AND THE PERIODIC TABLE

MODERN ATOMIC THEORY AND THE PERIODIC TABLE CHAPTER 10 MODERN ATOMIC THEORY AND THE PERIODIC TABLE SOLUTIONS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS 1. Wavelength is defined as the distance between consecutive peaks in a wave. It is generally symbolized by the Greek

More information

Electrons in Atoms & Periodic Table Chapter 13 & 14 Assignment & Problem Set

Electrons in Atoms & Periodic Table Chapter 13 & 14 Assignment & Problem Set Electrons in Atoms & Periodic Table Name Warm-Ups (Show your work for credit) Date 1. Date 2. Date 3. Date 4. Date 5. Date 6. Date 7. Date 8. Electrons in Atoms & Periodic Table 2 Study Guide: Things You

More information