Final. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

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1 Final Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. What started the French and Indian War? a. French settlers pushed into lands claimed by the British. b. French settlers threatened to seize Native American lands. c. British settlers pushed west into French and Native American lands. d. Native Americans pushed into the British colonies. 2. Why did the Iroquois at Albany refuse to make an alliance against the French? a. They expected the French to defeat the British in a war. b. They expected France to give up its land in North America. c. They did not believe France and Britain would go to war. d. They trusted France more than Britain. 3. Why did the colonial assemblies reject the Albany Plan? a. They feared that Benjamin Franklin wanted to rule the colonies. b. The colonists believed that their disagreements with France would pass. c. They wanted the Iroquois to be involved with the Plan. d. They wanted to control their own taxes and armies. 4. At the beginning of the French and Indian War a. the French suffered several defeats. c. the Iroquois allied with the French. b. the Iroquois allied with the British. d. the British suffered several defeats. 5. What turned the tide in favor of Britain? a. the founding of Quebec c. the battle of Lake George b. new and better British leadership d. the involvement of Benjamin Franklin 6. What event was the key to the French defeat? a. the British attack on Quebec b. the French attack on Louisbourg c. the alliance of the Iroquois with the French d. the Iroquois attack on Lake Ontario 7. What happened during Pontiac s War? a. The Iroquois formed an alliance with the French. b. Native American groups united and attacked the French. c. The leader of the Ottawa nation helped start an all-out attack on the British. d. The French attacked the western frontier. 8. After the French and Indian War a. the colonists felt more united than ever with Britain. b. the colonists lived in peace with the Native Americans. c. the British refused to tax the colonies. d. the colonists began to see themselves as separate from Britain. 9. Why did the colonists resent the Stamp Act? a. They did not want to quarter British troops. b. They did not want to petition the British parliament. c. They wanted Britain to pass the Declaratory Act. d. They did not think Britain should have the right to tax them. 10. What did the 1767 Townshend Acts specify? a. that Britain would not tax products brought into the colonies

2 b. that the colonists must set up liberty poles c. that Britain would tax only imports into the colonies d. that Britain would charge export duties 11. What was the purpose of Committees of Correspondence? a. to keep the British informed of colonists actions b. to keep colonists informed of British actions c. to maintain support for British rule d. to protest the Stamp Act 12. What was the British East India Company? a. an important colonial tobacco company b. an important British clothing manufacturer c. an important British business that sold tea from India d. an important colonial arms manufacturer 13. Who were the Sons (and Daughters) of Liberty? a. colonial anti-british protestors b. colonists who wanted a monopoly on the British tea trade c. colonists who wanted seats in the British parliament. d. colonists who wanted to block all colonial trade with Britain 14. Which of these was a demand of the First Continental Congress? a. the strengthening of British rule over the colonies b. the repeal of the Intolerable Acts c. the right of colonists to join the British army d. an increase in British imports to the colonies 15. What was the shot heard round the world? a. the first shot fired at the Boston Tea Party b. the first organized meeting of the colonial militia c. the shot that concluded the first meeting of the minutemen d. the first shot of the American Revolution 16. What was The Blockheads? a. a satirical song making fun of the British b. a satirical play making fun of the British c. a colonial theater group d. a satirical play making fun of the colonial militia 17. Which of these was a result of the Second Continental Congress? a. the drafting of a treaty with France c. the formation of the Continental Army b. the declaration of peace with Britain d. the formation of a Loyalist government 18. Why did many enslaved African Americans side with the British? a. They hoped to move to Britain. b. They admired the Patriot cause. c. They hoped to win their freedom. d. They wanted to establish their own colony. 19. What did the Olive Branch Petition state? a. that the colonists remained loyal to the king b. that Britain should stop taxing imported olives c. that colonists would die rather than live as slaves d. that Parliament would send 20,000 soldiers to the colonies 20. Why did the Americans withdraw from Quebec? a. They did not want to control the town. b. The colonial mercenaries wanted to return home.

3 c. They were too weakened to fight against fresh British forces. d. Benedict Arnold was killed by the British. 21. Fort Ticonderoga was captured by the a. French during the French and Indian War. b. British soon after Lexington and Concord. c. Green Mountain Boys led by Ethan Allen. d. Virginia militia led by George Washington. 22. The Albany Plan of Union aimed to a. unite the English colonies against British rule. b. create a joint council linking the English colonies and Native American nations. c. provide a way for the English colonies to work together. d. unite the English colonies against the Native Americans. 23. The Proclamation of 1763 declared that a. Native Americans had to remain east of the Appalachians. b. colonial settlers had to remain east of the Appalachians. c. the French had to obtain British citizenship. d. the French were responsible for settling the Appalachians. 24. Colonists resented the Tea Act because a. it established a British monopoly on tea. b. it lowered the price of tea. c. it increased the price of tea. d. it forced tea to be shipped from India to Britain. Directions: Use the quotation and your knowledge of social studies to answer the questions. I do, [by] the authority to me given by His Majesty, determine to execute martial law.... I do require every person... to resort to His Majesty s standard, or be looked upon as traitors to His Majesty s government,... [subject to] the penalty... Proclamation of Virginia governor Lord Dunmore, November According to Lord Dunmore, what group of people will be looked upon as traitors? a. Virginians c. Monarchs b. Loyalists d. Patriots 26. From the quote, it can be inferred that Lord Dunmore was a. a Patriot. c. a Loyalist. b. a mercenary. d. a minuteman. 27. In 1765 Parliament passed the Stamp Act, which a. required colonists to boycott British goods. b. said that Parliament had total authority over the colonies. c. required colonists to house and feed British troops in exchange for stamps. d. required colonists to buy stamps to put on legal documents. 28. Which side fired the first shot of the American Revolution? a. the colonists c. nobody knows b. the French and Native Americans d. the British 29. What did the Olive Branch Petition state? a. that the colonists were loyal to the king b. that the colonies were in open rebellion c. that the colonists were ready to die freemen rather than to live as slaves d. that the colonies were loyal to George Washington

4 30. At what gathering was George Washington chosen as commander of the continental army? a. the First Continental Congress c. the Boston Tea Party b. the Second Continental Congress d. the Stamp Act Congress 31. The first step that the Second Continental Congress took in preparation for war was a. printing paper money. c. electing a commander. b. forming a navy. d. forming an army. 32. What two groups of people surrounded soldiers during the Boston Massacre? a. slaves and indentured servants c. workers and sailors b. lawyers and judges d. journalists and merchants Use the information in the diagram and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions. 33. What event led to the outbreak of war? a. The Iroquois form an alliance with the British. b. British and French soldiers fight in the Ohio River Valley. c. British soldiers take land claimed by France out West. d. The French build Fort Duquesne in the Ohio River Valley.

5 Use the diagram and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions: 34. Which of the policies included in the diagram arose out of conflict between Native Americans and British settlers? a. Proclamation of 1763 c. Stamp Act b. Sugar Act d. Boston Massacre 35. Based on the diagram, what was the immediate cause of protests in the colonies? a. Pontiac s War b. the stationing of British troops in the West c. the settlement of some colonists in the West d. the Sugar and Stamp Acts

6 Use the flow chart and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions: 36. Which statement belongs in Box 1? a. The British ban the Committees of Correspondence. b. Boston s governor refuses to allow tea to be unloaded in the harbor. c. The British East India Company raises the prices of its tea. d. Parliament passes the Tea Act. 37. How did many colonists respond to the Intolerable Acts? a. They took up weapons and armed their militias. b. They supported the people of Boston with food and supplies. c. They sent armies to Concord and Lexington. d. They launched the American Revolution. Use the information in the box and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions: 38. What battle is described by the information in the box? a. Fort Ticonderoga c. Concord b. Lexington d. Bunker Hill 39. Which event was most likely to have pleased the Loyalists? a. the meeting of the Second Continental Congress b. the fall of Fort Ticonderoga c. the result of the attack on Quebec d. the beginning of the American Revolution 40. John Adams complained that Loyalists used the prospect of independence a. to encourage people to join militias. c. to discourage Britain s royal brute. b. to frighten colonists into giving up. d. to support the idea of divine right. 41. Who composed the Declaration of Independence? a. John Adams c. Thomas Jefferson b. Benjamin Franklin d. Thomas Paine 42. The Declaration s list of grievances included a. colonists being taxed without their consent. b. colonists being executed without trial. c. colonists being forced to hold jury trials. d. colonists being forced to observe the Magna Carta. 43. The words all men are created equal originally benefited primarily a. white males and freed African Americans. b. white males and white females. c. white, male property owners. d. southern white males. 44. What was Nathan Hale doing when he was captured by the British? a. leading American forces at Staten Island b. leading an anti-british protest in Boston c. attempting to organize an American navy

7 d. collecting information about British battle plans 45. Why did Thomas Paine write The Crisis? a. to encourage the Continental Army to disband b. to raise the morale of Patriot soldiers c. to suggest changes to the Declaration of Independence d. to raise money to support colonial troops 46. Who was defeated by Washington s forces in Trenton? a. British soldiers based in Princeton b. Hessians fighting for German control of the colonies c. Native Americans allied with Britain d. German mercenaries who were fighting for the British 47. Why was the Battle of Saratoga important? a. It lifted Patriot spirits and showed Europe that Americans could win. b. It proved that colonists were no match for British troops. c. It inspired Native Americans to support the Patriots. d. It convinced France to maintain neutrality. 48. How did Americans react to the situation at Valley Forge? a. They resigned themselves to British rule. b. They sent letters of encouragement to Friedrich von Steuben. c. They collected and sent food and supplies. d. They encouraged Martha Washington to beg her husband to come home. 49. When did free African Americans begin fighting for the Patriot cause? a. at the Battle of Saratoga b. from the beginning of the war c. at the Battle of Bunker Hill d. They did not participate in the American Revolution. 50. What law concerning slavery was passed in Pennsylvania in 1780? a. Slaveholders had to free their slaves. b. Slaveholders could not buy additional slaves. c. Slave revolts were to be legal. d. Slaves were to be freed if they enlisted in the Continental Army. 51. How did Deborah Sampson help the Patriot cause? a. She collected money to build a soldiers hospital. b. She took over her husband s printing company. c. She joined the army disguised as a man. d. She encouraged women to do farm work while their husbands were at war. 52. Who were the Havana s Ladies? a. women from Cuba who volunteered to nurse American soldiers b. Cuban women who became American citizens c. wealthy female Cubans who owned American land d. a group of wealthy Cuban women who donated $7 million to the Continental Army 53. Who is famous for vowing, I have not yet begun to fight. a. John Paul Jones c. Charles Cornwallis b. George Rogers Clark d. Nathanael Greene 54. Francis Marion led Patriots who a. defected to the British side. c. laid siege to British military camps. b. burned down Loyalist cities. d. used guerrilla warfare against the British. 55. Whose name has come to mean traitor? a. Nathanael Greene c. Benedict Arnold

8 b. Charles Cornwallis d. Francis Marion 56. What happened to the Loyalists property after the Revolutionary War? a. It was returned to them. b. In most cases, it was not returned to them. c. It was sold, with the proceeds given to them. d. It was taken over by the British. 57. How long did the American Revolution last? a. almost five years c. just over nine years b. almost eight years d. exactly eleven years 58. Which of the following was NOT a significant factor in the American victory? a. German and British support c. Geography b. skilled leadership d. help from France and Spain 59. France s Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen was modeled in part on a. the Magna Carta c. the Treaty of Paris b. the Puritans Mayflower Compact d. America s Declaration of Independence 60. The Declaration of Independence is divided into a preamble and three main sections. The first main section a. details a long list of specific complaints against King George III. b. states some general ideas about society and government. c. declares that the colonies are free and independent states. d. states that King George III must be considered unfit to be the ruler of a free people. 61. What was the main purpose of the Declaration? a. to set forth the structure of the United States government b. to declare the separation of the United States from Britain c. to declare the rights of the individual d. to list complaints against King George III 62. Which battle in the Middle States was a major turning point in the Revolution? a. the Battle of Princeton c. the Battle of Saratoga b. the Battle of Yorktown d. the Battle of Long Island 63. Which country was the first to sign a treaty of alliance with the United States? a. the Netherlands c. Spain b. Poland d. France 64. The Virginia resolution, proclaiming that the colonies were free and independent states, was introduced to Congress by a. Benjamin Franklin. c. John Adams. b. Thomas Jefferson. d. Richard Henry Lee. 65. During the American Revolution, most Native American groups a. remained neutral. c. sided with the Americans. b. sided with the British. d. switched loyalties at least once. 66. How did fighting between France and Britain in Europe and the Caribbean help the American cause? a. It freed Spain to ally with Britain. b. It protected trade between Spain and Britain. c. It left fewer British troops to fight in North America. d. Caribbean nations were free to aid the United States. 67. The outer ovals of the graphic organizer refer to which of the following? a. the major battle areas of the Revolutionary War b. the official boundaries of Native American territory after 1783 c. the official boundaries of the United States after the Revolution d. areas acquired by the British after 1783

9 68. Which item in the outer ovals was returned to Spain in 1783? a. the Atlantic Ocean c. the Mississippi River b. Canada d. Florida 69. Which of the following marked the official end of the American Revolution? a. Congressional approval of the Treaty of Paris b. the 1782 peace talks in Paris c. the Battle of Yorktown d. the Battle of Cowpens 70. The American Revolution soon inspired revolutionary movements in a. Canada. c. Poland and Russia. b. France and Latin America. d. Africa. 71. Which of the following is NOT a reason why the Americans won the Revolution? a. Geography c. advanced technology b. help from abroad d. skilled leadership We have it in our power to begin the world over again. Tyranny, like hell, is not easily conquered. Yet we have this consolation with us, that the harder the conflict the more glorious the triumph. What we obtain too cheap we esteem too lightly. He that rebels against reason is a real rebel, but he that in defence of reason rebels against tyranny has a better title to Defender of the Faith, than George the Third. Use the information in the box and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions: 72. These excerpts are taken from a. Richard Henry Lee s Virginia resolution. c. the Olive Branch Petition. b. Thomas Paine s Common Sense. d. the Declaration of Independence. 73. Which of the following phrases from the Declaration of Independence emphasizes the importance of natural rights? a. We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal... b. The History of the King of Britain is a History of repeated injuries... c. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient [short-lived] causes... d. In every state of these oppressions, we have petitions for redress [correction] in the most humble terms...

10 Use the information in the time line and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions: 74. Which of the following entries comes next on the time line? a. France signs a treaty with the United States. b. A large British fleet arrives off New York. c. The army at Valley Forge resumes the fight. d. The Patriots attack Canada. 75. What did Friedrich von Steuben, Thaddeus Kosciusko, and Marquis de Lafayette have in common? a. They were all from countries that were enemies of France. b. They all came from Europe to help the Americans cause. c. They had all fought General Burgoyne at one time. d. Each came from a country led by a tyrannical ruler. Serapis Captured in Greatest American Sea Victory of War Use the headline and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions: 76. Who led the battle described in the headline? a. George Rogers Clark c. George Washington b. Bernardo de Gálvez d. John Paul Jones 77. Which state s militia refused to allow African American soldiers to serve? a. New York c. Georgia b. Pennsylvania d. Rhode Island

11 Use the chart and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions: 78. What event in Europe was influenced by the American Revolution? a. Parliament tightened restriction of British colonies. b. Revolutionary leaders came to power in Great Britain. c. Spain decided to free its Latin American colonies. d. The people of France overthrew their king and queen. 79. Which of the following made the greatest contribution to the American victory at Yorktown? a. guerrilla attacks led by Francis Marion b. the aid of the French fleet c. the discovery that Benedict Arnold was a traitor d. General Greene s leadership Directions: Use the quotation to answer the following questions. Noah Webster, New England schoolteacher So long as any individual state has power to defeat the measures of the other twelve, our pretended union is but a name.

12 80. Which statement BEST reflects Noah Webster s position in the above quotation? a. Smaller states have more power than larger states. b. States should have the right to ignore national legislation. c. States in the same region can form alliances to defeat actions of other regions. d. Individual states have too much power to form a true union. 81. Which person would be most likely to agree with Webster s remark? a. Patrick Henry c. Edmund Randolph b. George Mason d. Alexander Hamilton Use the flow chart and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question. 82. Shay s Rebellion helped to persuade a. Congress to give itself greater power to tax citizens. b. government leaders to revise the Articles of Confederation. c. state governments to print more money. d. the central government to pass new land ordinances. 83. Which event belongs in Box 5? a. Shay s army attacks the state militia. b. Massachusetts leaders lower taxes on farmers. c. Shays is invited to attend the upcoming convention in Philadelphia. d. The Massachusetts militia arrests Shays and other leaders. Use the information in the chart and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question. 84. Smaller states opposed the Virginia Plan because they

13 a. feared they would not have enough power in the new Congress. b. preferred to keep the Articles of Confederation. c. wanted a weak executive. d. disliked James Madison. 85. Besides representation, what other major issue required delegates to compromise during the Constitutional Convention? a. writing an introduction to the Constitution b. continuing the slave trade c. choosing the person who led the executive branch d. giving free African Americans the right to vote Use the political cartoon and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question. 86. Which political argument is supported in this cartoon? a. The Constitution balances the three branches of the federal government. b. In order for the Union to last, the states must form a strong federal government. c. The states will be weakened if the Constitution is ratified. d. Virginia should leave the union. Some Rights of Citizens publish news and opinions receive an education worship freely petition the government receive a fair trial other rights specified in the Constitution and laws Some Responsibilities of Citizens obey federal, state, and local laws pay a fair share of taxes serve on juries if called defend the nation if called Use the information in the chart and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions. 87. Which of the following could be considered a responsibility of citizens? a. to petition government for lower taxes b. to attend weekly religious services c. to vote in elections d. to attend adult education courses a get a diploma 88. The First Amendment would protect people who want to a. be tried by a jury of local people.

14 b. put up a Web site criticizing a local government official. c. stop the police from searching their car. d. apply for a public grant so they could publish a newspaper. 89. Why did some people oppose ratification of the Constitution? a. It did not include protection of individual rights. b. It eliminated state governments. c. It made slavery illegal. d. It failed to include checks and balances. 90. One obstacle to approving the Articles of Confederation was that a. some states did not want to give up their claims to land west of the Appalachian Mountains. b. most states objected to a one-house legislature. c. some states did not want to give a lot of power to Congress. d. most states preferred to stay independent. 91. How did the Bill of Rights become part of the Constitution? a. It was agreed upon in the Great Compromise. b. It was copied from a number of State Constitutions. c. It was approved by all of the delegates at the Constitutional Convention. d. It was added through the amendment process. 92. Under the Bill of Rights, which of the following is NOT protected? a. freedom of speech c. freedom of religion b. freedom of the military d. freedom of the press 93. What is one reason many people called for changes to the Articles of Confederation? a. They opposed the Northwest Ordinance. b. They wanted a plan of government made up of two branches. c. They believed that a weak central government was ineffective. d. They thought the state governments were too weak. 94. The opening phrase of the Constitution, We, the people, means that the Constitution gets its authority from the a. executive branch. c. citizens. b. state legislatures. d. Congress. 95. How did Shays Rebellion encourage people to push for a plan to revise the Articles of Confederation? a. It made people worry about how a weak central government might respond to future rebellions. b. It encouraged farmers to petition state governments for economic relief. c. It gave members of the rebellion more political power. d. It convinced leaders of the importance of individual rights and freedom of speech. 96. What did most State Constitutions have that the original United States Constitution did not have? a. bill of rights c. power to declare war b. legislature d. power to make laws 97. The passage of the Land Ordinance of 1785 meant that a. public lands would be auctioned to the highest bidders. b. groups of townships could petition to become states. c. the United States was now claiming territory that was also claimed by Britain. d. settlers and investors could buy formerly public lands. Directions: Use this Venn diagram and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions.

15 98. Which of these resolved the conflict between the two plans of government shown in the diagram? a. the Great Compromise c. the Bill of Rights b. the Articles of Confederation d. the Northwest Ordinance 99. Which of these could appear under the New Jersey Plan in the diagram? a. no executive branch of government c. no judicial branch of government b. one vote per state d. one branch of government 100. As part of the Great Compromise, what fraction of the enslaved people in a state were included when determining representation in Congress? a. one-quarter c. three-fifths b. one-half d. two-thirds Directions: Use the quotation to answer the following questions. Thomas Jefferson, 1798 They have brought into the lower house a sedition bill, which... undertakes to make printing certain matters criminal.... Indeed this bill and the alien bill both are so [against] the Constitution as to show they mean to pay no respect to it What are the certain matters that Jefferson is referring to in this quote? a. printing editorials in favor of the French Revolution b. printing bonds c. printing more money d. printing criticism of the government 102. What did Thomas Jefferson mean when he said that the bills referred to in this quote were against the Constitution? a. They made it possible for members of foreign powers to be represented in Congress. b. They placed the rights of states ahead of the authority of the federal government. c. They violated constitutional rights, especially the rights of speech and the press guaranteed by the First Amendment. d. They reduced the powers of the Supreme Court and disrupted the government s system of checks and balances In his Farewell Address, George Washington advised against becoming involved in European affairs because a. he opposed foreign trade. b. France was too weak to aid the United States in battle. c. he did not want the United States to be dragged into war. d. the British in the Northwest Territory were allies Federalists were supported by all of the following EXCEPT a. merchants. b. workers who depended on manufacturing and trade for their jobs. c. property owners. d. farmers.

16 105. Which of the following was a function of the National Bank? a. to be a safe place for deposits of government funds b. to eliminate the use of paper currency c. to impose and collect taxes d. to lend the government money 106. Which of the following was related to the issue of states rights? a. the XYZ Affair c. the split of the Federalist party b. the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions d. the Whiskey Rebellion 107. Washington s response to the Whiskey Rebellion a. led to a reduction of the excise tax. b. supported the doctrine of states rights. c. proved the strength of the national government. d. confirmed the rights of individuals to protest unfair laws How was the French Revolution like the American Revolution? a. Both began as a fight against monarchy and inequality. b. Both advocated violence against the king and queen. c. Both were revolts against trade with the British. d. Both resulted from neutrality in foreign relations Which of the following individuals had the greatest impact on the economic policy of the Washington administration? a. Alexander Hamilton c. Henry Knox b. John Adams d. Thomas Jefferson Directions: Use this map and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions.

17 110. Which statement is BEST supported by the map? a. Votes throughout the country were evenly split in support of both parties. b. Federalists had strong support in the South. c. Republicans received no votes in the North. d. Federalists won the election What does the map illustrate about growing political tensions in the nation? a. Voters in every region agreed on the direction the nation should take. b. Voters followed George Washington s warning against the formation of Political Parties. c. Different interests and political views were dividing regions of the country. d. Southern voters protested Federalist policies by refusing to vote in the election. Alexander Hamilton wanted the U.S. government to pay all federal and state debts. proposed a national bank. supported a high tax on imports. argued for a loose interpretation of the Constitution. expressed ideas opposed by southerners. expressed ideas opposed by Thomas Jefferson. Use the information in the box and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions Why did many Southerners oppose Hamilton s financial plan? a. They were against all federal taxes.

18 b. They believed banks were unnecessary. c. Their states had paid off their war debts already. d. They wanted Thomas Jefferson to be president Why did southern members of Congress agree to support Hamilton s plan? a. The nation s new capital would be built in the South. b. The violence of the Whiskey Rebellion had alarmed them. c. Congress also imposed a high tax on farmers in Pennsylvania. d. George Washington asked them to do so. l White House Historical Association (White House) (55); r The Granger Collection, New York Use the information in the chart and the excerpt to answer the following question Which statement describes the point of view of the writer in the National Gazette? a. The writer supports the Federalists. b. The writer supports the Republicans. c. The writer supports neither political party. d. The writer s point of view is not clear from the quote.

19 Use the map and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions Under the treaty that ended the American Revolution, the area from the Appalachian Mountains to the Mississippi a. was set aside for Native Americans. b. was granted to the British. c. belonged to the United States. d. was governed jointly by Britain and the United States What happened as a result of the Treaty of Greenville? a. The United States won the Battle of Fallen Timbers. b. Native Americans were resettled onto lands around the Ohio River. c. Native Americans gave up their lands in Kentucky. d. More American settlers moved onto lands north of the Ohio River. The Sedition Act was supported by the Federalists. made it a crime to write or say anything insulting or false against the President, Congress, or the government. punished violators with fines up to $2,000 and prison sentences of up to two years. led to ten convictions in 1798 and Use the information in the box and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions According to the Republicans, what did the Sedition Act violate? a. the First Amendment c. the Alien Acts b. the Third Amendment d. the Kentucky and Virginia resolutions 118. What other issue divided Republicans and Federalists during John Adam s presidency? a. treatment of Native Americans c. the Alien Acts b. Jay s treaty d. western expansion

20 Final Answer Section MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 140 OBJ: STA: 3.I.A.3 TOP: Global Interaction Power and Conflict 2. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 141 OBJ: STA: 3.I.A.3 TOP: Global Interaction Power and Conflict 3. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Hard REF: 142 OBJ: STA: 3.I.A.3 TOP: Global Interaction Power and Conflict 4. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 143 OBJ: STA: 3.I.A.3 3.I.B.3 TOP: Global Interaction Power and Conflict 5. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 143 OBJ: STA: 3.I.A.3 3.I.B.3 TOP: Global Interaction Power and Conflict 6. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Hard REF: 144 OBJ: STA: 3.I.A.3 3.I.B.3 TOP: Global Interaction Power and Conflict 7. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Hard REF: 145 OBJ: TOP: History Power and Conflict 8. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 146 OBJ: STA: 3.I.A.3 3.I.C 3.II.B.2 TOP: Global Interaction Power and Conflict 9. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 147 OBJ: STA: 3.I.A.3 3.I.C 3.II.B.2 TOP: Global Interaction Power and Conflict 10. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 148 OBJ: STA: 3.I.A.3 3.I.C 3.II.B.2 TOP: Global Interaction Power and Conflict 11. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 149 OBJ: STA: 3.I.A.3 3.I.C 3.II.B.2 TOP: Global Interaction Power and Conflict 12. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 150 OBJ: STA: 3.I.C 3.II.B.2 3.II.C.2 TOP: Global Interaction Economics 13. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 151 OBJ: STA: 3.I.C 3.II.B.2 3.II.C.2 TOP: History Power and Conflict 14. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 152 OBJ: STA: 3.I.C 3.II.B.1 3.II.B.2 TOP: History Power and Conflict 15. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 153 OBJ: STA: 3.I.C TOP: Global Interaction Power and Conflict 16. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Hard REF: 154 OBJ: STA: 3.I.C TOP: Power and Conflict Art and Literature 17. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 156 OBJ: STA: 3.I.B.3 3.II.C.1 TOP: Power and Conflict Impact of Individual Political Systems 18. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 157

21 OBJ: STA: 3.II.C.1 TOP: Power and Conflict Diversity 19. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 158 OBJ: STA: 3.II.D.1 3.II.D.2 3.II.D.3 TOP: History Power and Conflict 20. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 161 OBJ: STA: 3.II.D.1 3.II.D.2 3.II.D.3 TOP: History Power and Conflict 21. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: OBJ: STA: 3.I.C 3.II.B.2 3.II.C.2 TOP: History Economics 22. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 140 OBJ: STA: 3.I.A.3 TOP: History Power and Conflict 23. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: OBJ: TOP: History Power and Conflict 24. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Hard REF: 150 OBJ: STA: 3.I.C 3.II.B.2 3.II.C.2 TOP: History Power and Conflict 25. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 157 OBJ: STA: 2.II.A.2 TOP: History Power and Conflict 26. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 157 OBJ: STA: 2.II.A.2 TOP: History Power and Conflict 27. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 147 OBJ: STA: 3.I.A.3 3.I.C 3.II.B.2 TOP: History Impact of Individual Political Systems 28. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 153 OBJ: STA: 3.I.C TOP: History Power and Conflict 29. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 158 OBJ: STA: 3.II.C.1 TOP: History Power and Conflict 30. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 156 OBJ: STA: 3.I.B.3 3.II.C.1 TOP: History Impact of Individual Political Systems 31. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 156 OBJ: STA: 3.I.B.3 3.II.C.1 TOP: History Political System 32. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 149 OBJ: STA: 3.I.C TOP: History Power and Conflict 33. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: OBJ: STA: 3.I.A.3 TOP: Power and Conflict French and Indian War KEY: Section ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Hard REF: 146 OBJ: TOP: Power and Conflict Proclamation of 1763 KEY: Section ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: OBJ: STA: 3.I.A.3 3.I.C 3.II.B.2 TOP: Law and Justice Sugar and Stamp Acts KEY: Section ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: OBJ: STA: 3.I.C 3.II.B.2 3.II.C.2 TOP: Law and Justice Tea Act KEY: Section ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 152 OBJ: STA: 3.I.C TOP: Power and Conflict Intolerable Acts KEY: Section ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: OBJ: STA: 3.III.A.1 3.III.A.2 TOP: Power and Conflict Battle of Bunker Hill KEY: Section 4

22 39. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Hard REF: OBJ: STA: 3.II.D.1 3.II.D.2 3.II.D.3 TOP: Power and Conflict American Revolution KEY: Section ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Hard REF: 170 OBJ: STA: 3.III.D.1 3.III.D.2 TOP: History Impact of Individual Political Systems 41. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 171 OBJ: STA: 3.III.D.1 3.III.D.2 TOP: History Impact of Individual Political Systems 42. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 172 OBJ: STA: 3.III.D.1 3.III.D.2 TOP: History Impact of Individual Political Systems 43. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 173 OBJ: STA: 3.III.D.1 3.III.D.2 TOP: History Culture 44. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Hard REF: 179 OBJ: STA: 3.III.A.2 TOP: History Power and Conflict 45. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: OBJ: STA: 3.III.A.2 TOP: Power and Conflict Art and Literature 46. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Hard REF: 181 OBJ: STA: 3.III.A.2 TOP: History Power and Conflict 47. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 183 OBJ: STA: 3.III.A.2 TOP: Power and Conflict Global Interaction 48. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 184 OBJ: STA: 3.III.A.2 3.IV.C.4 TOP: History Power and Conflict 49. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 186 OBJ: STA: 3.IV.C.5 TOP: Power and Conflict Diversity 50. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 187 OBJ: STA: 3.IV.C.5 TOP: Power and Conflict Diversity 51. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Hard REF: 188 OBJ: STA: 3.III.A.2 3.IV.C.5 TOP: Power and Conflict Diversity 52. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 189 OBJ: STA: 3.III.A.2 3.IV.C.5 TOP: Global Interaction Diversity 53. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 190 OBJ: STA: 3.IV.C.3 3.IV.C.6 TOP: History Power and Conflict 54. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 191 OBJ: STA: 3.IV.C.1 3.IV.C.2 3.IV.C.6 TOP: History Power and Conflict 55. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 192 OBJ: STA: 3.IV.C.1 3.IV.C.2 3.IV.C.6 TOP: History Power and Conflict 56. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 193 OBJ: STA: 3.V.A.1 TOP: History Power and Conflict 57. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 193 OBJ: STA: 3.V.A.1 TOP: History Power and Conflict 58. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 194 OBJ: STA: 3.IV.C.1 TOP: Global Interaction Continuity and Change 59. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 195 OBJ: STA: 3.V.A.1 3.V.A.2 3.V.A.3 TOP: Global Interaction Impact of Individual Political Systems 60. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 172 OBJ: STA: 3.III.D.1 3.III.D.2 TOP: History Art and Literature

23 61. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 172 OBJ: STA: 3.III.D.1 3.III.D.2 TOP: History Art and Literature 62. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 183 OBJ: STA: 3.III.A.2 TOP: History Power and Conflict 63. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Hard REF: 183 OBJ: STA: 3.III.A.2 3.IV.C.4 TOP: History Power and Conflict 64. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 171 OBJ: STA: 3.III.B.3 3.III.C TOP: History Impact of Individuals 65. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 186 OBJ: STA: 3.III.A.2 3.IV.C.5 TOP: History Culture 66. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 183 OBJ: STA: 3.III.A.2 3.IV.C.4 TOP: History Culture 67. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 193 OBJ: STA: 3.V.A.1 TOP: History Geography 68. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 193 OBJ: STA: 3.V.A.1 TOP: History Geography 69. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 193 OBJ: STA: 3.V.A.1 TOP: History Power and Conflict 70. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 195 OBJ: STA: 3.V.A.1 3.V.A.2 3.V.A.3 TOP: History Continuity and Change 71. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 194 OBJ: STA: 3.IV.C.1 TOP: History Power and Conflict 72. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 171 OBJ: STA: 3.III.B.3 3.III.C TOP: Impact of Individuals Thomas Paine KEY: Section ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 172 OBJ: STA: 3.III.B.3 3.III.C TOP: Political System Declaration of Independence KEY: Section ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 282 OBJ: STA: 3.III.A.2 3.IV.A.2 3.IV.A.3 TOP: Power and Conflict End of American Revolution KEY: Section ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: OBJ: STA: 3.III.A.2 3.IV.C.4 TOP: Impact of Individuals Foreign Aid in American Revolution KEY: Section ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 190 OBJ: STA: 3.IV.C.3 3.IV.C.6 TOP: Impact of Individuals John Paul Jones 77. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 187 OBJ: STA: 3.IV.C.5 TOP: Social System African American Patriots 78. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 195 OBJ: STA: 3.V.A.1 3.V.A.2 3.V.A.3 TOP: Global Interaction French Revolution 79. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 192 OBJ: STA: 3.IV.C.1 3.IV.C.2 3.IV.C.6 TOP: Power and Conflict Battle of Yorktown 80. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: OBJ: STA: 4.III.I.2 4.III.I.3a 4.III.I.3b TOP: Political System Powers of Government

24 81. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Hard REF: 218 OBJ: STA: 4.III.I.2 4.III.I.3a 4.III.I.3b TOP: Political System Powers of Government 82. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 210 OBJ: STA: 4.III.A.1 4.III.A.3 4.III.B TOP: Shays' Uprising 83. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 210 OBJ: STA: 4.III.A.1 4.III.A.3 4.III.B TOP: Shays' Uprising 84. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 220 OBJ: STA: 4.III.D.2 TOP: Virginia Plan 85. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 220 OBJ: STA: 3.V.A.2 TOP: Constitutional Convention 86. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 215 OBJ: STA: 4.III.I.2 4.III.I.3a 4.III.I.3b TOP: States and the Union 87. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 211 OBJ: STA: 4.III.G.3 TOP: Citizens Responsibilities 88. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 208 OBJ: STA: 4.III.G.3 TOP: First Amendment 89. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 219 OBJ: STA: 4.III.I.2 4.III.I.3a 4.III.I.3b TOP: History Constitution 90. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 206 OBJ: STA: 4.I.E.1 TOP: History Articles of Confederation 91. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 205 OBJ: STA: 4.I.C.2 4.I.C.3 4.I.D.2 TOP: Political System Bill of Rights 92. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 205 OBJ: STA: 4.I.C.2 4.I.C.3 4.I.D.2 TOP: Political System Bill of Rights 93. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 206 OBJ: STA: 4.I.E.1 TOP: Political System Articles of Confederation 94. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 217 OBJ: STA: 4.III.B 4.III.F.1 TOP: Political System Constitution 95. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: OBJ: STA: 4.III.A.1 4.III.A.3 4.III.B TOP: History Shays Rebellion 96. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 205 OBJ: STA: 4.I.C.2 4.I.C.3 4.I.D.2 TOP: Political System State Constitutions 97. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Hard REF: 207 OBJ: STA: 4.I.D.3 4.I.D.4 4.I.D.5 TOP: History Land Ordinance of ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 214 OBJ: STA: 4.III.D.3 TOP: History Great Compromise 99. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 214 OBJ: STA: 4.III.D.3 TOP: Political System Virginia Plan Jersey Plan 100. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 216 OBJ: STA: 4.III.D.3 TOP: Diversity Great Compromise 101. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 301 OBJ: STA: 5.I.B.2 TOP: History Sedition Act 102. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Hard REF: 281 OBJ: STA: 5.I.B.3 5.I.B.4 TOP: Political System Sedition Act 103. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 297 OBJ: STA: 5.I.A TOP: Global Interaction George Washington 104. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 292

25 OBJ: STA: 4.III.H.1 5.I.B.4 TOP: Political System Federalists 105. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Easy REF: 285 OBJ: STA: 5.I.A 5.I.B TOP: Economics National Bank 106. ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 301 OBJ: STA: 5.I.B.2 TOP: Political System Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions 107. ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 287 OBJ: STA: 5.I.A 5.I.B.2 TOP: History Whiskey Rebellion 108. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 295 OBJ: STA: 5.I.A 5.I.B.3 TOP: Power and Conflict French and American Revolutions 109. ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Hard REF: 290 OBJ: STA: 4.III.H.1 5.I.B.4 TOP: Economics Alexander Hamilton 110. ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 293 OBJ: STA: 5.I.A TOP: History Election of ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Hard REF: 290 OBJ: STA: 4.III.H.1 5.I.B.4 TOP: Political System Election of ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 280 OBJ: STA: 4.III.I.5 5.I.B.1 TOP: Hamilton's Financial Plan KEY: Section ANS: A PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 284 OBJ: STA: 4.III.I.5 5.I.B.1 TOP: Hamilton's Plan and the South KEY: Section ANS: B PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 290 OBJ: STA: 4.III.H.1 5.I.B.4 TOP: Republicans and Federalists KEY: Section ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 300 OBJ: STA: 5.I.B.2 TOP: Treaty of Greenville KEY: Section ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 302 OBJ: STA: 5.I.A TOP: Treaty of Greenville KEY: Section ANS: D PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 284 OBJ: STA: 5.I.B.3 5.I.B.4 TOP: Sedition Act KEY: Section ANS: C PTS: 1 DIF: Medium REF: 288 OBJ: STA: 4.III.H.1 5.I.B.4 TOP: Republicans and Federalists KEY: Section 4.4

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