The Holocaust: Ch. 16.3

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1 The Holocaust: Ch. 16.3

2 Block February 15/16 th, 2012 Bell Work 1. What was the new racial order proposed by the Nazis? Pg What were the Nuremberg Laws? Pg What were the Jewish ghettos? Pg. 503

3 Objectives 1. Explain the course of the persecution of the Jews by the Nazis. (Kristallnacht, ghettos, Final Solution.) Define each of these terms? 2. What were the results of the Final Solution?

4 Review Japan Attacks Pearl Harbor U.S. Declares War on Japan Japanese Battle Victories Battle of Coral Sea ( What did the U.S. Stop, and what was the new Naval Warfare used?) Battle of Midway (How were the Japanese tricked?) Guadalcanal (What were the Japanese building?)

5 10:8:5 Analyze the policy of pursuing racial purity, especially against the European Jews, its transformation into the Final Solution; and the Holocaust that resulted in the murder of six million Jewish civilians.

6 Main Idea: During the Holocaust Hitler s Nazis killed six million Jews and 5 million non-aryans. Why it Matters: Violence against Jews during the Holocaust leads to the founding of Israel after WWII. Setting the Stage: Nazi propose a new racial order. Hitler Stated: Aryans were a master race Germans Misuse of the word Aryan All non-aryan s, especially Jews were inferior.

7 What is Aryan? Around 1500 B.C. Group of people who migrated from S. Europe to: Iran, Turkey, Baltic s, Slavic, Armenia, Albania ** ARYANS Were not really Germans -Hitler created a fake history to make the Germans proud again and to make them seem special

8 European Persecution of Jews Occurred throughout history: Roman s Russian s (Pogrom s) Nazi s Some German s blame Jew s for: Loss of WWI Post WWI German depression

9 Why Jews? Jews were the minority Jews were generally successful in Germany even during the depression Culture was different the many in Germany Racism??

10 Jewish Life Before Hitler In Europe: Many Jews lived normal lives before the rise of Hitler Most had professional jobs (i.e. Business, education ) Hitler convinced the German community to discriminate against the Jews.

11 Nazi s take Power 1935 Nuremberg Laws: Jews can not be citizens Jews can not marry non- Jews Jews jobs limited people with Jewish grandparents who had converted to Christianity were defined as Jews. Jew s forced to wear Star of David

12 Nazis Seize Opportunity Nov As a result of the Nuremberg Laws: - Jewish youth shot a German diplomat in Paris - Nazis launched attacks on Jewish communities

13 Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass) Nov. 9, 1938 Storm troopers attack Jewish: Homes Synagogues Businesses ** 100 Jews die ** Violence now organized by the state * Many Jews will leave Germany

14 1939 Jew s flee Germany Many Jews flee to other Countries At first encouraged by Hitler Countries begin to close their doors US Great Britain France Hitler will have to find another solution

15 Isolating the Jews 1940 Jews forced into cities known as Ghetto s Sealed off with brick, barb wire Goal, to starve or die from disease Jews hung on Theater s produced plays Secret schools formed Historians kept records Jew s forced into Warsaw (Poland) Ghettos

16 Hitler s Final Solution Calls for genocide Holocaust: Systematic slaughter of Jews and other groups judged inferior by Nazi's ***Goal is to purify the human race Other inferior races/nationalities Jews Criminals Gypsies Insane Poles Disabled Russian Diseased

17 Killing Begins As Nazi s move through Euro toward Russia Killing squads round up Jews Separate men, women, kids, babies Executed in pits that become mass graves Other Jews are sent to: Concentration Camps Slave Labor Prisons Most in Germany and Poland

18 Firing Squads Jews were rounded up and either: - Executed by gun fire - Taken to Labor Camps - Taken to Death Camps

19 Labor Camps

20

21 1942 Final Stage Extermination Camps Death Camps Separate strong and weak Move to huge gas chambers Equipped with cyanide gas Killed 6,000 a day Bodies moved to crematoriums (ovens) Largest is Auschwitz 6 Million Jews killed

22 Gas Chambers

23

24 Door from early gas chamber

25 Guarded Prisons

26 Nazi Guards and Staff

27

28

29 Liberating the Camps

30

31

32

33

34

35 Objectives 1. Explain the course of the persecution of the Jews by the Nazis. (Kristallnacht, ghettos, Final Solution.) Define each of these terms? 2. What were the results of the Final Solution?

16.3 The Holocaust. Main Idea: Why it Matters Now: During the Holocaust, Hitler s Nazis killed six million Jews and five million other non- Aryans.

16.3 The Holocaust. Main Idea: Why it Matters Now: During the Holocaust, Hitler s Nazis killed six million Jews and five million other non- Aryans. Main Idea: During the Holocaust, Hitler s Nazis killed six million Jews and five million other non- Aryans. Why it Matters Now: The violence against the Jews during the Holocaust led to the founding of

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