# Earth s Elements and Temperatures

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

## Transcription

1 Teacher Instructions Overview: During this lesson students learn about Earth s composition and temperature. Students also learn that temperatures affect the state of Earth s layers. Objectives: The student will learn: to identify the temperature range within each of Earth s layers; to identify the composition or elements within each of Earth s layers; and how temperatures affect Earth s layers. Materials: Bunsen burner or hot plate Wax Tongs 400 ml beaker filled with 100 ml of water 250 ml beaker Safety goggles Student Information Sheet: Student Worksheet: Answers to Student Worksheet: Crust: Varies Mantle: C Outer Core: C Inner Core: 5000 C Crust: oxygen, silicon, aluminum, calcium, iron, sodium, potassium, magnesium (any 3) Mantle: silicon, oxygen, iron, magnesium (any 3) Outer Core: iron, nickel Inner Core: iron, nickel see table at right hotter inner core Temperatures of Earth s Layers crust Ola Ka Honua: Volcanoes Alive , 2007 UAF Geophysical Institute

2 Teacher Instructions Activity Procedure: Explain that temperatures in Earth s layers generally increase from Earth s crust to Earth s core. To demonstrate how this temperature increase affects the state of Earth s layers, perform the following demonstration in front of the class (or, if enough hot plates are available, ask students to form groups and perform the procedure themselves). a) Break apart the wax and put it into the small beaker. Explain that the wax is in a solid state, similar to the state of Earth s crust. b) Put the large beaker of water on the bunsen burner or hot plate and use the tongs to place the small beaker of wax inside the larger beaker to create a double boiler. Heat it on the lowest setting. When the wax first starts to melt, explain that this state is similar to the state of Earth s. Earth s is considered to be mostly solid, but it has the quality of plasticity, which means that Earth s is somewhat gooey and changeable. It can flow like a thick liquid. c) Turn up the setting on the bunsen burner or hot plate. Wait until the wax melts into a runny liquid. Explain that Earth s is so hot that it is molten, which means that it acts like a hot liquid. d) Explain that temperatures are even greater in Earth s inner core, however Earth s inner core is solid. Turn off the bunsen burner or hot plate. Earth s inner core is composed of the same material as Earth s. Ask students to brainstorm reasons Earth s inner core is solid and not liquid. After the brainstorming session, explain that scientists believe Earth s inner core, which is at the very center of Earth, is under tremendous pressure. This pressure is so intense that it pushes the elements in Earth s core together into a solid ball. Distribute the Student Worksheet: and the Student Information Sheet:. Ask students to fill in the information required on the Worksheet. Note: Crustal temperatures vary. Ask students to estimate the tem peratures on Earth s surface in order to complete the bar graph on the Student Worksheet:. Hint: Earth s surface temperature is similar to air temperature. Ola Ka Honua: Volcanoes Alive , 2007 UAF Geophysical Institute

3 Student Information Sheet CRUST Earth s crust is composed of igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rock and is classified as oceanic or continental. The elements in the crust are less dense than those found in Earth s other layers. Temperature: Varies across the crust Composition: Mostly made up of the elements oxygen, silicon, aluminum, calcium, iron, sodium, potassium, and magnesium MANTLE The contains solid rock. High temperatures and pressure can cause some of this solid rock to flow like an extremely thick liquid and change shape. Rock that can behave like an elastic solid has the property of plasticity, which means it can be molded like wax. Temperature: Ranges from 870 C at the to 2200 C at the Composition: The elements silicon, oxygen, iron, and magnesium OUTER CORE Earth s contains mostly iron and nickel. Temperatures in the are so hot that elements within this layer melt into molten rock. The molten rock in the behaves like a hot liquid. Temperature: Ranges from 2200 C at the part of the to 5000 C at the part of the. Composition: The elements iron and nickel INNER CORE Earth s solid inner core contains iron and nickel, which are two elements that usually melt at the 5000 C temperatures reached in the inner core. However, the inner core is solid. Being at the very center of Earth, the inner core is under tremendous pressure. The pressure is so great that it compresses iron and nickel into a solid ball. Temperature: Reaches 5000 C Composition: The elements iron and nickel Ola Ka Honua: Volcanoes Alive , 2007 UAF Geophysical Institute

4 Name: Student Worksheet Directions: For each of Earth s layers: 1. Fill in the temperature or temperature range. 2. Write in the most abundant elements that exist in that layer. a) Crust Elements: 0 km b) Mantle Elements: 32 km c) Outer Core Elements: 2900 km d) Inner Core Elements: 5150 km 6500 km Ola Ka Honua: Volcanoes Alive , 2007 UAF Geophysical Institute

5 Name: Student Worksheet 3. Complete the bar graph below with the temperatures of each of Earth s layers. Temperatures of Earth s Layers 5500 Temperature in Degrees Celsius inner core crust Layer of Earth 4. Circle the correct answer: Layers near the center of Earth are (hotter / cooler) than layers closer to Earth s surface. Ola Ka Honua: Volcanoes Alive , 2007 UAF Geophysical Institute

### Earth Layers Foldable

Earth Layers Foldable The Layers of the Earth Copyright 2006. M. J. Krech. All rights reserved. The Four Layers The Earth is composed of four different layers. The crust is the layer that you live on,

### The Earth s Layers. Copyright 2009 LessonSnips

The Earth s Layers Human beings have always imagined what it would be like to journey to the center of the Earth. There are many books and movies about characters who have adventures that take them to

### A R C T I C LER Grades K+ Explore the Earth inside and out!

Foam Soft Soft Foam A R C T I C CROSS SECTION LER 2437 Grades K+ NORTH AMERICA PACIFIC OCEAN ATLANT OCEAN Explore the Earth inside and out! Introduction Discover what lies beneath Earth s surface. This

### Investigating Earth s Interior While at each station, complete the prompts below. Be sure to follow all directions and to read carefully.

Name Date Hour Investigating Earth s Interior While at each station, complete the prompts below. Be sure to follow all directions and to read carefully. STATION 1 Pie Slice Using your pie slice of the

[Geology Layers of the Earth] [Basic: Grade 2-3] [Advanced: Grade 5: Introduction to Plate Tectonics} BACKGROUND Scientists and geologists have been able to do some drilling on Earth. They are also able

### Forces Within. Earth s Layers Continental Drift Seafloor Spreading Plate Tectonics

Forces Within Earth s Layers Continental Drift Seafloor Spreading Plate Tectonics I have a QUESTION for YOU! How does an apple compare to Earth? Earth s Internal Structure Objectives At the end of this

### Inside Earth: Layers of the Earth

Inside Earth: Layers of the Earth Earth is a restless planet. Heat in the Earth s interior causes giant plates of crust to move around on the surface. The crashing and smashing of these plates leads to

### LESSON PLAN 1. Key Terms and Concepts. asthenosphere continental crust geologist. Purpose. Objectives. Activities

LESSON PLAN 1 What s Inside? Earthquakes 3 5 Earthquake Science Children will better understand earthquakes, volcanoes and tsunamis when they learn that we live on the surface of a constantly changing

### lithosphere granite basalt

The Earth s s Crust The Earth s s Crust The earth s crust is the outside layer of the earth. It is thickest at the continents at about 40 Km (up to 70 Km) deep. It is thinnest under the oceans at about

### Contents. Ohio Revised Standards and Model Curriculum Correlation Chart... 5

Contents Ohio Revised Standards and Model Curriculum Correlation Chart....................................... 5 Chapter 1 Earth Science........................................ 13 Lesson 1 Earth s Internal

### Joy of Science Experience the evolution of the Universe, Earth and Life

Joy of Science Experience the evolution of the Universe, Earth and Life Review Introduction Main contents Quiz Unless otherwise noted, all pictures are taken from wikipedia.org Review 1 Which is not included

### Layers of the Earth s Interior

Layers of the Earth s Interior 1 Focus Question How is the Earth like an ogre? 2 Objectives Explain how geologists have learned about the interior of the Earth. Describe the layers of the Earth s interior.

### 12.2 Features of Plate Tectonics

12.2 Features of Plate Tectonics Earth is over 1200 km thick and has four distinct layers. These layers are the crust, mantle (upper and lower), outer core, and inner core. Crust outer solid rock layer

### Crust: low density rocks. Mantle: high density rocks. Core: very high density metal. core

Crust: low density rocks Mantle: high density rocks Core: very high density metal core mechanical) layering mechanical layers lithosphere: rigid & strong asthenosphere: plastic & weak mesosphere: plastic

### Earth s Interior: Structure, Composition, and Temperature

Course Outline Introduction: Course Objectives, Outline, Geology Basics Earth s Interior: Composition and Plate Tectonic Impact Plate Tectonics and Continental Drift: Theory, Data, Mechanisms Tectonic

### Chapter 2: Earth s Structure. The BIG Idea: Heat escaping from Earth s internal layers constantly changes the planet s surface.

Chapter 2: Earth s Structure The BIG Idea: Heat escaping from Earth s internal layers constantly changes the planet s surface. Lesson 1: Landforms Main Idea Forces inside and outside Earth produce Earth

### Section 1 Earth: A Unique Planet. Section 2 Energy in the Earth System

Earth as a System Section 2 Energy in the Earth System Section 3 Ecology Describe the size and shape of Earth. Describe the compositional and structural layers of Earth s interior. Identify the possible

### LAYERS OF EARTH. reflect

reflect Have you ever cut an apple in half and looked at the layers inside? When you cut something in half, the resulting view is called a cross section. When you look at the cross section of an apple,

### FOURTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FOURTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FOURTH GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing different structures of volcanoes. LAB: Modeling three types

### 1. The diagram below shows a cross section of sedimentary rock layers.

1. The diagram below shows a cross section of sedimentary rock layers. Which statement about the deposition of the sediments best explains why these layers have the curved shape shown? 1) Sediments were

### Earth Science Grade 4 Minerals

Earth Science Grade 4 Minerals Standards: Identifies the physical properties of minerals Teacher Background Minerals are pure substances and mix together to make rocks. Rocks have a cycle and different

### COMPOSITION OF THE EARTH S MANTLE

COMPOSITION OF THE EARTH S MANTLE The Earth s mantle is a layer with a thickness of 2,900 km or 1800 miles (46% of the Earth s average radius of 6371 km or 3,960 miles) and extends from the outer core

### Features of Plate Tectonics

Features of Plate Tectonics Section 12.2 Summary Textbook pages 518 537 Before You Read Earthquakes frequently occur in British Columbia. State what you already know about earthquakes in the lines below.

### Earth Science - SOL 5.7 Science Study Guide

Earth Science - SOL 5.7 Science Study Guide Rocks are classified based on how they were formed. The three types of rocks are sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic. Igneous rock forms when magma (liquid

### Lesson 13: Plate Tectonics I

Standards Addressed Lesson 13: Plate Tectonics I Overview Lesson 13 introduces students to geological oceanography by presenting the basic structure of the Earth and the properties of Earth s primary layers.

### Composition. Physical Properties

Composition Physical Properties Summary The Earth is a layered planet The layers represent changes in composition and physical properties The compositional layers are the Crust, Mantle and Core The physical

### Section 1 The Earth System

Section 1 The Earth System Key Concept Earth is a complex system made up of many smaller systems through which matter and energy are continuously cycled. What You Will Learn Energy and matter flow through

### What is Earth Science? How is Earth Science Different? How Does Earth Science Relate to Other Sciences

What is Earth Science? Earth science is the branch of science dealing with the constitution of Earth and its atmosphere How is Earth Science Different? Earth science has a global perspective, especially

### Rocks & Minerals. 10. Which rock type is most likely to be monomineralic? 1) rock salt 3) basalt 2) rhyolite 4) conglomerate

1. Of the Earth's more than 2,000 identified minerals, only a small number are commonly found in rocks. This fact indicates that most 1) minerals weather before they can be identified 2) minerals have

### FIFTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FIFTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FIFTH GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Exploring the rocks produced by volcanoes. LAB: Comparing igneous rocks.

### Exploring the Earth s Interior Chapter 21. Probing Earth s interior. Probing Earth s interior. Does not include complete lecture notes.

Exploring the Earth s Interior Chapter 21 Does not include complete lecture notes. Probing Earth s interior Most of our knowledge of Earth s interior comes from the study of earthquake waves Travel times

### Earth Materials: Intro to rocks & Igneous rocks. The three major categories of rocks Fig 3.1 Understanding Earth

Earth Materials: 1 The three major categories of rocks Fig 3.1 Understanding Earth 2 Intro to rocks & Igneous rocks Three main categories of rocks: Igneous Sedimentary Metamorphic The most common minerals

Grade 7 Earth/Space Pretest Select the best answer to each question. 1. Earth can be divided into layers based on chemical composition. The three compositional layers of Earth are the core, the mantle,

### Some Background Concerning Physical Science Content Standards for Fifth-Grade Teachers:

Some Background Concerning Physical Science Content Standards for Fifth-Grade Teachers: Atoms in Living Organisms by Ellen Deehan, M.S. Contents 1. Introduction 2. Physical Science Topic: Atoms in Living

### 8-3.1 Summarize the three layers of Earth crust, mantle, and core on the basis of relative position, density, and composition.

Earth s Structure and Processes 8-3 The student will demonstrate an understanding of materials that determine the structure of Earth and the processes that have altered this structure. 8-3.1 Summarize

### Science Rocks!! Homework

Science Rocks!! Homework Homework 1 1. Copy and complete the following sentence: The three main types of rocks are igneous, and sedimentary. 2. Copy and complete the following table to show two examples

### Layers of the Earth and Plate Tectonics

Layers of the Earth and Plate Tectonics Objectives: explain various ways the earth can be changed by natural forces define the term Geology define the terms Crust, Mantle, Outer Core and Inner Core classify

### Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Shaky Ground 6 th Grade

The following instructional plan is part of a GaDOE collection of Unit Frameworks, Performance Tasks, examples of Student Work, and Teacher Commentary. Many more GaDOE approved instructional plans are

### Theory of Catastrophism - earth s shapes created in great cataclysms

Atmosphere Biosphere Hydrosphere Lithosphere Lithosphere is the branch of physical geography, shared with the fields of Geomorphology and Tectonics, that specifically examine the landforms, continents

### The Dynamic Earth: Plate Tectonics

The Dynamic Earth: Plate Tectonics Lesson 1: Density Exploration Phase: Activity 1 Let s play the will it float game? [Anyone Dave Letterman s fans here?] Materials: A glass or graduated cylinder about

### Plate Tectonics. Structure of the Earth

Plate Tectonics Structure of the Earth The Earth can be considered as being made up of a series of concentric spheres, each made up of materials that differ in terms of composition and mechanical properties.

### Earth Egg Model Teacher Notes

Ancient Greeks tried to explain earthquakes and volcanic activity by saying that a massive bull lay underground and the land shook when it became angry. Modern theories rely on an understanding of what

### Chapter Review USING KEY TERMS. extrusive igneous rock texture. and positions of the minerals the rock contains. arranged in plates or bands. is.

Skills Worksheet Chapter Review USING KEY TERMS 1. In your own words, write a definition for the term rock cycle. Complete each of the following sentences by choosing the correct term from the word bank.

### Identifying Rocks. Teacher Instructions. Overview: Objectives: Materials: Answers to Student Worksheet:

Teacher Instructions Overview: In this activity, students learn the characteristics of some common igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks. Students also learn to use a dichotomous key for identification

### Post Assessment. Concept(s)

Post Assessment Concept(s) Addressed Time Materials Advance preparation The Earth has different layers with different densities, composition and temperatures. Direct and indirect evidence are used to explain

### 1. You are about to begin a unit on geology. Can anyone tell me what geology is? The study of the physical earth I.

PLATE TECTONICS ACTIVITY The purpose of this lab is to introduce the concept of plate tectonics and the formation of mountains. Students will discuss the properties of the earth s crust and plate tectonics.

### Most mafic magmas come from the upper mantle and lower crust. This handout will address five questions:

Geology 101 Origin of Magma From our discussions of the structure of the interior of the Earth, it is clear that the upper parts of the Earth (crust and mantle) are mostly solid because s-waves penetrate

### The Dynamic Crust 2) EVIDENCE FOR CRUSTAL MOVEMENT

The Dynamic Crust 1) Virtually everything you need to know about the interior of the earth can be found on page 10 of your reference tables. Take the time to become familiar with page 10 and everything

### SGL 101 MATERIALS OF THE EARTH Lecture 1 C.M.NYAMAI LECTURE 1. 1.0 ORIGIN, STRUCTURE AND COMPOSITION OF THE EARTH

LECTURE 1. 1.0 ORIGIN, STRUCTURE AND COMPOSITION OF THE EARTH 1.1 INTRODUCTION. Welcome to Lecture 1 of this unit. To start with, stop and look around you wherever you are. Take a look at all the things

### Section: The Rock Cycle

Skills Worksheet Chapter 2 section 1 Inside the Restless Earth /29 Section: The Rock Cycle 1. A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals or organic matter is called a. an element. b. a

### Earth s Rocky Surface

Earth s Rocky Surface You have learned that Earth s surface is not permanent and is constantly changing. Some changes take place very slowly over millions of years, such as crustal plates moving and creating

### The interior of the Earth is divided into layers based on chemical and physical properties.

Plate Tectonics Lecture Notes: Slide 1. Title Slide Slide 2. The interior of the Earth is divided into layers based on chemical and physical properties. The Earth has an outer silica-rich, solid crust,

### The Layered Earth. Unit B Plate Tectonics. Unit D Shaping the Earth. Unit A The Solid Earth. Unit C Minerals and Rocks. Unit E Earthquakes

The Layered Earth: Content Overview The Layered Earth Unit A The Solid Earth Unit B Plate Tectonics Unit C Minerals and Rocks Unit D Shaping the Earth Unit E Earthquakes Unit F Volcanoes Unit G Geologic

### Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Science Grade 6. Unit Organizer: Geology: Inside the Earth (Approximate Time: 7 Weeks)

The following instructional plan is part of a GaDOE collection of Unit Frameworks, Performance Tasks, examples of Student Work, and Teacher Commentary. Many more GaDOE approved instructional plans are

### Activity 3 - Modeling Plate Tectonics

SEAS Overview: Tectonic plates interact in four different ways at their boundaries. Using simple available materials we can create models to simulate these interactions to get further insight into what

### continent convection current core one of the main landmasses on Earth, such as Africa, Asia, or North America

continent one of the main landmasses on Earth, such as Africa, Asia, or North America convection current a series of circular motions that occur in substances when heating and cooling happen together core

### Unit C: Earth Science Chapter 1: The Changing Earth

Unit C: Earth Science Chapter 1: The Changing Earth Lesson 1: Layers of the Earth 1. Atmosphere is the layer of gases that surrounds the planet 2. Clouds are in this layer 3. Atmosphere contains gases

### ASTRONOMY 161. Introduction to Solar System Astronomy. Class 15

ASTRONOMY 161 Introduction to Solar System Astronomy Class 15 The Earth Monday, February 12 The Earth: Physical characteristics Mass = 5.97 10 24 kg Mean radius = 6,373 km Polar radius = 6,357 km Density

### Earth Structure and Plate Tectonics Review. Name that Layer...

Name that Layer... 1 Which layers make up the lithosphere? Multiple answer A B C D crust mantle inner core outer core Why wouldn t the fossil of an ocean fish found on two different continents be good

### Volcano: The Storyboard

Teacher Instructions Volcano: The Storyboard Overview: Volcano growth and erosion is a continuous process, which scientists often break into stages. In this activity, students create a storyboard of the

### To the Solar System and beyond

Science Stage 4 Gill S To the Solar System and beyond What is the structure of Earth? Courtesy NASA/JPL-Caltech) S 43924 Number: 43924 Title: The Solar System This publication is copyright New South Wales

### Liz LaRosa Images from Geology.com unless otherwise noted

Liz LaRosa http://www.middleschoolscience.com 2010 Images from Geology.com unless otherwise noted A rock is a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals, or organic matter Rocks are classified

### Liz LaRosa Images from Geology.com unless otherwise noted

Liz LaRosa http://www.middleschoolscience.com 2010 Images from Geology.com unless otherwise noted A rock is a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals, or organic matter Rocks are classified

### Rocks: Mineral Mixtures

Rocks: Mineral Mixtures The Value of a Rock Rock is a solid mixture of crystals of one or more minerals, or organic matter. Rocks are classified by how they are formed, their composition, and texture.

### PHSC 1011 Fall 2016 L04 1. Metamorphic Rocks. Chemical Sedimentary Rocks. Sedimentary Rocks. Chapter 20 Lecture

Chapter 20 Lecture Metamorphic Rocks Chemical Sedimentary Rocks Coal: Different from other rocks, because it is composed of organic material. Stages in coal formation (in order): Plant material Peat Lignite

### Plate Tectonics Lab II

Plate Tectonics Lab II This lab is modified from a UW ESS101 Lab created by Mike Harrell Note: Hand in only the Answer Sheet at the back of this guide to your Instructor Introduction One of the more fundamental

### [8] SA1.2 The student demonstrates an understanding of the processes of science by collaborating

Convection and Wind Levels Overview: During this project, students observe convection current by performing a lab experiment. As a result of this activity, students develop an understanding of the process

### Introduction and Origin of the Earth

Page 1 of 5 EENS 1110 Tulane University Physical Geology Prof. Stephen A. Nelson Introduction and Origin of the Earth This page last updated on 30-Jul-2015 Geology, What is it? Geology is the study of

### II. Earth Science (Geology) Section (9/18/2013)

EAPS 100 Planet Earth Lecture Topics Brief Outlines II. Earth Science (Geology) Section (9/18/2013) 1. Interior of the Earth Learning objectives: Understand the structure of the Earth s interior crust,

### Accretion and Layering of Terrestrial Planets. Accretion and Layering of Terrestrial Planets

Accretion and Layering of Terrestrial Planets Following condensation of planetary embryos in solar system disk: Embryo-embryo collisions, giant impacts for 100 m.y. Redistributed and segregated elements

### Rate of Plate Movement

Teacher Instructions Overview: Hawaiÿi volcanoes are born when magma rises from a hotspot through the Pacific Plate and is erupted as lava onto the ocean floor. A chain of volcanoes is formed as the Pacific

### Structure of the Earth (Why?)

Structure of the Earth (Why?) Recall Hypsometric Curve? Continental lithosphere is very different from oceanic lithosphere. To understand this, we need to know more about the structure & composition of

### Earth. Terrestrial Planet 1 AU from the Sun. Equilibrium temperature: 247 K (-26C) Actual mean temperature: 287 K

Life on Earth. I. Earth Terrestrial Planet 1 AU from the Sun Equilibrium temperature: 247 K (-26C) Actual mean temperature: 287 K Differentiated into Inner core Outer core Mantle Crust Composition Crust:

### Volcanoes on Other Planets

Teacher Instructions Overview: Active and dormant volcanoes occur on many planets and moons other than. In this activity, students learn about differences in planet size and orbit, and relate surface temperature

### Tuesday: Picture Match + Spelling Pyramid Homework [the handout for it is two pages down] Picture Match Words

Tuesday: Picture Match + Spelling Pyramid Homework [the handout for it is two pages down] Picture Match Words Picture Match Board Deposit Weathering Extinction Convection currents Inner core Outer core

### SECOND GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

SECOND GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SECOND GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Investigating the parts of a volcano. LAB: Comparing the parts of a

### Lesson 3: The formation of mountains Factsheet for teachers

Lesson 3: The formation of mountains Factsheet for teachers Vocabulary This lesson uses the following geographical terms. These should be used and explained to pupils as the lesson is taught. Core, mantle,

### Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Science Grade 6. Unit Organizer: Geology Rocks and Minerals. (Approximate Time: 7 Weeks)

The following instructional plan is part of a GaDOE collection of Unit Frameworks, Performance Tasks, examples of Student Work, and Teacher Commentary. Many more GaDOE approved instructional plans are

### Plate Tectonics & Volcanoes

Plate Tectonics & Volcanoes Beyond the typical story. David Lescinsky Univ. of Western Ontario The talk is available at www.uwo.ca/earth/outreach/volcano.pdf Plate tectonics are cool Press & Siever, 1999

### Page 1. Name:

Name: 1) According to the Earth Science Reference Tables, which sedimentary rock would be formed by the compaction and cementation of particles 1.5 centimeters in diameter? A) shale B) conglomerate C)

### SCRIPT OF NARRATION The Crust

Rocks and Minerals, Shaffer, Paul & Zim, Herbert, Racine, Wisconsin: Western Publishing Co, INC., 1957. ISBN 0-307-63502-3. This is an old book but is a valuable resource for the classroom. The book provides

### Put the sentences in the correct order. They describe the process of PLATE TECTONICS.

Tectonics The changing position of the continents is called continental drift. Plates move a few centimetres a year. Plate movement causes continents to collide, and split apart. The Earth s crust is divided

### Volcano in the lab: a wax volcano in action: teacher s notes

Volcano in the lab: a wax volcano in action: teacher s notes Level This activity is designed for students aged 11-14, as a simple demonstration of igneous activity. English National Curriculum reference

### Name Score /225. (Make sure you identify each key concept by identifying the section [1.1, 1.2, etc.].]

Name Score /225 Changing Earth Chapter 1 Worksheet Before reading Chapter 1 (pages 9 37). On a separate sheet of paper, make two columns. Title the first column Before I Read. Title the second column After

### Earth and Space Science. Semester 2 Review. Part 2. - Minerals that split easily or break apart in one direction along a flat surface.

Earth and Space Science Semester 2 Review Part 2 Cleavage Core sample Crystal shape Deposition Elements Compounds - Minerals that split easily or break apart in one direction along a flat surface. - A

CAPT Science Performance Task Cold Packs Certain chemicals when dissolved in water give off heat, while others become cold. These chemicals can be used in hot or cold packs. Cold packs can be used to reduce

### Unit 4: The Rock Cycle

Unit 4: The Rock Cycle Objective: E 3.1A Discriminate between igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks and describe the processes that change one kind of rock into another. E 3.1B Explain the relationship

### Planet Earth in Cross Section By Michael Osborn Fayetteville-Manlius HS

Planet Earth in Cross Section By Michael Osborn Fayetteville-Manlius HS Objectives Devise a model of the layers of the Earth to scale. Background Planet Earth is organized into layers of varying thickness.

### Earth s Rocky Surface

Earth s Rocky Surface Earth s surface is not permanent and is constantly changing. Some changes take place very slowly over millions of years, such as crustal plates moving and creating mountains or valleys.

### Seismic Waves and Earth s Structure

Earth s Interior EARTHQUAKES Seismic Waves and Earth s Structure Abrupt changes in seismic-wave velocities that occur at particular depths helped seismologists conclude that Earth must be composed of distinct

### 6.E.2.2 Plate Tectonics, Earthquakes and Volcanoes

Name: Date: 1. The road shown below was suddenly broken by a natural event. 3. The convergence of two continental plates would produce Which natural event most likely caused the crack in the road? island

### REVIEW Key Concepts. Unit 5 Planet Earth. Earthquakes and Volcanoes can suddenly change the Earth s surface

REVIEW Key Concepts Unit 5 Planet Earth 1.0 Changes on the Earth s Surface Layers: Crust, Mantle, Core (Inner and Outer) Earthquakes and Volcanoes can suddenly change the Earth s surface Scientist s use

### Figure 1 Waves carry energy across water just like seismic waves carry energy through Earth.

Standard 7.3.4: Explain how heat flow and movement of material within Earth causes earthquakes and volcanic eruptions and creates mountains and ocean basins. Also covers: 7.1.1, 7.1.4, 7.3.7, 7.3.18 (Detailed

### PLATE TECTONICS. 1. "Tectonics" - is a term that refers to the deformation of the earth's crust.

PLATE TECTONICS I. Introduction A. General 1. The theory of plate tectonics is a recent development in the geological sciences, really accepted by scientific community since the early 1960's. 2. Earlier

### Universe, Earth, Oceans and Atmosphere. Get ready to have your mind blow n!

Universe, Earth, Oceans and Atmosphere Get ready to have your mind blow n! Quick Quiestion#1 How do you think the universe was created? http://www.teachersdom ain.org/asset/ess05_vid_ microwave/ Quick

### Lecture 23: Terrestrial Worlds in Comparison. This lecture compares and contrasts the properties and evolution of the 5 main terrestrial bodies.

Lecture 23: Terrestrial Worlds in Comparison Astronomy 141 Winter 2012 This lecture compares and contrasts the properties and evolution of the 5 main terrestrial bodies. The small terrestrial planets have