How can you tell rocks apart?

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "How can you tell rocks apart?"

Transcription

1 How can you tell rocks apart? Grade Range: 4-7 G.L.E Focus: Time Budget: hours WASL Vocabulary: Overview: Different rocks have different characteristics because of their minerals, the ways in which the rocks were formed, and the processes that acted on the rocks since they were formed. In this activity, students will explore how to use the physical characteristics of rocks to group and identify rocks. They will then use their observations of the rocks to identify a particular rock from a collection. Learning Objectives: Collect and organize data about rocks Distinguish rocks from each other using physical characteristics and then be able to identify rocks out of a particular collection Gain knowledge about what a rock is composed of and how different types of rocks are formed Sources: American Geological Institute (AGI) (c) 2004, 2008 Andrew Alden, geology.about.com, reproduced under educational fair use Materials Rock collection (2 sedimentary, metamorphic and igneous rocks; rocks have stick on numbers 1-6 on them) 6-9 Magnifying lenses/ or hand lenses Rock Data Table (below) Rock Identification Sheet (below) Colored pencils/ or crayons

2 Flipchart or large pieces of paper to record the student s observations on Markers Preparation 1. Photocopy Rock Data Table and Rock Identification handouts. 2. Assemble a set of various types of rocks to use while leading the initial discussion about rocks in the introduction activity. Lesson Plan Introduction Activity: What do your students already know about rocks? Preparation: You will need the collection of rocks you have gathered, large pieces of paper and writing markers for recording the student s answers. Picking up, examining and collecting rocks can be the first steps in moving children toward an appreciation of geology and the bones of the Earth. Even very young children enjoy picking up rocks, lining them up, choosing favorite ones, pouring water over them to make them shiny. By letting children handle and observe rocks you give them an entry point to learning about their planet and the processes that shape the planet. Most children have seen and touched rocks, even if they have only picked up gravel from a driveway. They typically describe rocks as hard and heavy. They will know that rocks are different colors, shapes and sizes, but they may know little about the types of rocks and how these are formed. 1. Assemble the class in front of the group of rocks you have gathered. Pass the rocks around or divide them among the groups if you prefer breaking into smaller groups. 2. Discuss the questions below as a class or in smaller groups, and then have the groups share their answers with the class. What is a rock? What kinds of rocks are there? Where do rocks come from? How can you tell different kinds of rocks apart? How do humans use rocks? 3. As the students are sharing their ideas, record their answers on the large pieces of paper. 4. You can extend this activity further by asking the students What they would like to learn about rocks? Record their questions. From this question you can help students

3 realize that scientists try to find out about the world by asking questions, predicting likely answers and conducting tests to see if their ideas are correct or not. Activity 1: How can you tell rocks apart? 1. After concluding the introduction activity where you assess what the students already know about rocks, introduce them to the investigation question How can you tell rocks apart? They will be working on this question for the remaining time and will find out concrete answers. Additional questions you can ask to get students to think more deeply about the main investigation question are: What characteristics can you observe in rock samples? Different types of rocks form in different ways. How do the differences in the rock formation processes influence the way a rock looks? How do the characteristics of rocks indicate how the rocks were formed? 2. Divide your class into groups of about four students with each group sitting around its table or work area. 3. Before your students begin, tell them how much time they will have to complete their investigation. (Group learning strategies often call for appointing a group time-keeper who keeps the group on track.) 4. Provide your students with the following tools for investigation: Hand lenses (1-2 per group) Rock sample set (contains rocks #1-6, which are sedimentary, metamorphic and igneous samples) Rock Data Table (below) Colored pencils to share 5. Tell your students that their job is to really study their rocks using their senses and their hand lenses to make observations. They need to write down and draw their rock observations on the Rock Table handout provided. 6. After the have examined the rocks for several minutes. Ask the students which characteristics are they using to describe their rock samples. Make a list on the board for all students to view. If these characteristics are not mentioned, consider describing them and adding them onto the list. (color, texture, size of grains or crystals, layering of crystals, different types of minerals present, angularity of the grains) 7. When they finish, ask students to use the data in their tables to make three groups of rocks. The rocks in each group should have similar characteristics. When they have done this, ask groups to volunteer to share their groupings and their reasons for them. 8. Give students copies of the Rock Identification Sheet. Ask them to use the sheets and their Rock Data Tables to identify the groups in which their rocks belong. If they feel

4 confident about this, they can try to identify the specific names of the rock samples. Make sure to emphasize that a certain rock type may look slightly different than the pictured samples. (For example, types of granite come in many shapes and compositions. They can range from salt and pepper in appearance to having pink minerals also. Also the crystals can be small (2-5 mm) or very large (1-2 cm)) 9. When students are finished, hold a whole class discussion about how it is possible to use the characteristics of rocks to group them. Make a list of their ideas on a large piece of paper for later. Please discuss what are the three main types of rocks (sedimentary, metamorphic, igneous) and how each rock type is created (see background information). Activity 1 Extension A: Go over the questions students had about rocks before this activity. As a class, try to answer them. If they cannot be answered, discuss what information you would need to answer the question. How would you go about getting that information or answering your question? Student Assessment Complete this investigation by asking your students to reflect on the how can you tell rocks apart? question and how their answers may have changed as a result of this investigation. For example, most rocks are pretty hard and are solid, but they are different in color, texture, size, shape and shininess. Also, ask students what they now know about rocks that they didn t know before. Ask them what questions they now have about rocks that they hadn t thought of before the investigation. Write these down for later. Assessment 1: Give each group a new set of rocks (you can switch rocks from group to group) and ask the students to group the rocks based upon their characteristics. Ask them to give a reason for why they placed each rock in its group. Activity Background Information There are three main categories of rocks, which are defined by how the rocks are formed. Sedimentary Rocks Sedimentary rocks are formed from sediment, which is solid, loose pieces of rocks (in the form of sand, silt, clay, and gravel), or the remains of living things found at the surface of the Earth. Sediment is material that has been eroded and deposited by wind, running water, waves, and ice. Sediment can also form from material left behind by the evaporation of seawater, or the settling of the remains of animals and plants in oceans, lakes, and swamps. In certain conditions, and over a very long period of time, sediment can become compacted and cemented into sedimentary rock. Sedimentary rock is often found in layers. One way to tell if a rock sample is sedimentary is to see if it is made from grains.

5 Igneous Rocks Rocks are mixtures of one or more minerals. Just like the apples, butter, flour, and sugar are the ingredients of apple pie, minerals like quartz, mica, and feldspar are the ingredients of an igneous (from the Latin word for fire) rock called granite. Igneous rocks come from melted rock material, or magma, that lies under Earth s surface. Igneous rocks form when magma from inside the Earth moves toward the surface, or is forced above the Earth s surface as lava and ash by a volcano. Here it cools and crystallizes into rock. Metamorphic Rocks Metamorphic rocks are rocks that have become changed by intense heat or pressure while forming. In the very hot and pressured conditions deep inside the Earth s crust, both sedimentary and igneous rocks can be changed into metamorphic rock. In certain conditions these rocks cool and crystallize, usually into bands of crystals. Later they can become exposed on Earth s surface. One way to tell if a rock sample is metamorphic is to see if the crystals within it are arranged in bands. Web Resources Activity Handouts Note: The Rock Identification handout is a separate pdf file.

6 Activity 1: ROCK DATA TABLE Name: Sample Number Observations Type of Rock (sedimentary, metamorphic, igneous)

7

How are rocks the same & how are they different?

How are rocks the same & how are they different? How are rocks the same & how are they different? Grade Range: K - 4 G.L.E Focus: 1.1.5 Time Budget: 1 1.5 hours WASL Vocabulary: Overview: Different rocks have different characteristics because of their

More information

Unit 4: The Rock Cycle

Unit 4: The Rock Cycle Unit 4: The Rock Cycle Objective: E 3.1A Discriminate between igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks and describe the processes that change one kind of rock into another. E 3.1B Explain the relationship

More information

Using specific examples, students will be able to explain how rocks change as they go through the rock cycle.

Using specific examples, students will be able to explain how rocks change as they go through the rock cycle. Title: Rock Cycle Comic Strip Author: Ashley Packard Subject Area: Geology Grade: 8 Description of Lesson: This lesson is designed to help the students understand how the rock cycle works. They will play

More information

Earth s Rocky Surface

Earth s Rocky Surface Earth s Rocky Surface Earth s surface is not permanent and is constantly changing. Some changes take place very slowly over millions of years, such as crustal plates moving and creating mountains or valleys.

More information

Section: The Rock Cycle

Section: The Rock Cycle Skills Worksheet Chapter 2 section 1 Inside the Restless Earth /29 Section: The Rock Cycle 1. A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals or organic matter is called a. an element. b. a

More information

Rocks and Minerals What is right under your feet?

Rocks and Minerals What is right under your feet? Rocks and Minerals What is right under your feet? Name: 1 Before you start What do you already know? What is the difference between a rock and a mineral? What are the three categories of rocks? 1. 2. 3.

More information

Earth s Rocky Surface

Earth s Rocky Surface Earth s Rocky Surface You have learned that Earth s surface is not permanent and is constantly changing. Some changes take place very slowly over millions of years, such as crustal plates moving and creating

More information

Liz LaRosa Images from Geology.com unless otherwise noted

Liz LaRosa Images from Geology.com unless otherwise noted Liz LaRosa http://www.middleschoolscience.com 2010 Images from Geology.com unless otherwise noted A rock is a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals, or organic matter Rocks are classified

More information

Igneous rocks are the most common rocks on Earth 75 percent of the rocks exposed at the surface are sedimentary rocks.

Igneous rocks are the most common rocks on Earth 75 percent of the rocks exposed at the surface are sedimentary rocks. Sedimentary Rocks Igneous rocks are the most common rocks on Earth, but because most of them exist below the surface you might not have seen too many of them. 75 percent of the rocks exposed at the surface

More information

FIRST GRADE ROCKS 2 WEEKS LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FIRST GRADE ROCKS 2 WEEKS LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES FIRST GRADE ROCKS 2 WEEKS LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES ROCK CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FIRST GRADE CHEMISTRY WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing solids, gases, liquids, and plasma. LAB: Exploring how states of matter can change.

More information

Round and Round the Rock Cycle

Round and Round the Rock Cycle Round and Round the Rock Cycle Objectives The student will identify the processes that cause the three different types of rocks to form and identify rock samples from each type. Suggested Grade Level Fifth

More information

Page 1. Name:

Page 1. Name: Name: 1) According to the Earth Science Reference Tables, which sedimentary rock would be formed by the compaction and cementation of particles 1.5 centimeters in diameter? A) shale B) conglomerate C)

More information

Rocks. Igneous Rocks. Before You Read. Read to Learn

Rocks. Igneous Rocks. Before You Read. Read to Learn chapter 3 Rocks section 2 Igneous Rocks What You ll Learn how igneous rocks form how igneous rocks are grouped Before You Read Think about an erupting volcano you may have seen on TV or in the movies.

More information

Name Class Date. Use the terms from the following list to complete the sentences below. Each term may be used only once. Some terms may not be used.

Name Class Date. Use the terms from the following list to complete the sentences below. Each term may be used only once. Some terms may not be used. Assessment Chapter Test B Rocks: Mineral Mixtures USING KEY TERMS Use the terms from the following list to complete the sentences below. Each term may be used only once. Some terms may not be used. stratification

More information

Chapter Review USING KEY TERMS. extrusive igneous rock texture. and positions of the minerals the rock contains. arranged in plates or bands. is.

Chapter Review USING KEY TERMS. extrusive igneous rock texture. and positions of the minerals the rock contains. arranged in plates or bands. is. Skills Worksheet Chapter Review USING KEY TERMS 1. In your own words, write a definition for the term rock cycle. Complete each of the following sentences by choosing the correct term from the word bank.

More information

Liz LaRosa Images from Geology.com unless otherwise noted

Liz LaRosa Images from Geology.com unless otherwise noted Liz LaRosa http://www.middleschoolscience.com 2010 Images from Geology.com unless otherwise noted A rock is a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals, or organic matter Rocks are classified

More information

Chapter 4 Practice Test

Chapter 4 Practice Test Chapter 4 Practice Test Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The process in which water, wind, ice, and heat break down rock is

More information

Liz LaRosa Images from Geology.com unless otherwise noted

Liz LaRosa Images from Geology.com unless otherwise noted Liz LaRosa http://www.middleschoolscience.com 2010 Images from Geology.com unless otherwise noted A rock is a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals, or organic matter Rocks are classified

More information

Rocks and Minerals 5 th Grade Kelly Krupa

Rocks and Minerals 5 th Grade Kelly Krupa Rocks and Minerals 5 th Grade Kelly Krupa Benchmark and SLC#: SLC 12: A. Students will classify rocks by their characteristics. Objectives: Students will classify rocks by their characteristics; learn

More information

Unit 3 Lesson 3 Three Classes of Rock. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company

Unit 3 Lesson 3 Three Classes of Rock. Copyright Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company A Rocky World How are rocks classified? A combination of one or more minerals or organic matter is called rock. Scientists divide rock into three classes: igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic. Each class

More information

Types of Rocks By Cindy Sherwood

Types of Rocks By Cindy Sherwood Mount Rushmore is an amazing sight, with the faces of four presidents carved into a giant rock mountain. But even a small rock you find in your yard is pretty amazing. After all, most rocks have been around

More information

What is a rock? How are rocks classified? What does the texture of a rock reveal about how it was formed?

What is a rock? How are rocks classified? What does the texture of a rock reveal about how it was formed? CHAPTER 4 1 The Rock Cycle SECTION Rocks: Mineral Mixtures BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is a rock? How are rocks classified? What does

More information

World Beneath Our Feet

World Beneath Our Feet World Beneath Our Feet Lesson Plan 2: Rock Identification Learning Objective Time required Learning Outcomes Materials (provided) Materials (Teacher supplied) background Suggested Procedure Students will

More information

Earth Science Grade 4 Minerals

Earth Science Grade 4 Minerals Earth Science Grade 4 Minerals Standards: Identifies the physical properties of minerals Teacher Background Minerals are pure substances and mix together to make rocks. Rocks have a cycle and different

More information

Geology. Definition of a Mineral. Minerals: 7-1. To be defined as a mineral in the geologic sense, a substance must pass 5 tests:

Geology. Definition of a Mineral. Minerals: 7-1. To be defined as a mineral in the geologic sense, a substance must pass 5 tests: Geology Minerals: We will begin our study of the land with a study of the basic building blocks of rocks: Minerals. Definition of a Mineral To be defined as a mineral in the geologic sense, a substance

More information

Our Changing Landforms. Wind, Water, Ice, and Gravity Form Sand Dunes, Canyons, and Deltas

Our Changing Landforms. Wind, Water, Ice, and Gravity Form Sand Dunes, Canyons, and Deltas Our Changing Landforms Wind, Water, Ice, and Gravity Form Sand Dunes, Canyons, and Deltas Landforms Change Over Time Two main ways landforms change are Uplifting is due to changes inside the Earth Uplifting

More information

Rocks: Mineral Mixtures

Rocks: Mineral Mixtures Rocks: Mineral Mixtures The Value of a Rock Rock is a solid mixture of crystals of one or more minerals, or organic matter. Rocks are classified by how they are formed, their composition, and texture.

More information

What are Rocks??? Rocks are the most common material on Earth. They are a naturally occurring collection of one or more minerals.

What are Rocks??? Rocks are the most common material on Earth. They are a naturally occurring collection of one or more minerals. The Rock Cycle What are Rocks??? Rocks are the most common material on Earth. They are a naturally occurring collection of one or more minerals. The Rock Cycle a cycle that continuously forms and changes

More information

Hello. Here are the instructions to complete your second blizzard bag lesson: 1. Read the nonfiction text on the rock cycle

Hello. Here are the instructions to complete your second blizzard bag lesson: 1. Read the nonfiction text on the rock cycle Hello Here are the instructions to complete your second blizzard bag lesson: 1. Read the nonfiction text on the rock cycle 2. Watch the two videos listed here (just click on the link): http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jpge74vltdc

More information

Lab: ROCK IDENTIFICATION

Lab: ROCK IDENTIFICATION Name: Date: Lab: ROCK IDENTIFICATION Background: As you observed in the previous investigation, minerals are the building blocks that form rocks. Rocks are classified as igneous, sedimentary, or metamorphic

More information

Chapter: Rocks and Minerals

Chapter: Rocks and Minerals Table of Contents Chapter: Rocks and Minerals Section 1: Minerals Earth s Jewels Section 2: Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks Section 3: Metamorphic Rocks and the Rock Cycle Table of Contents Chapter 3: Rocks

More information

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Science Grade 6. Unit Organizer: Geology Rocks and Minerals. (Approximate Time: 7 Weeks)

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Science Grade 6. Unit Organizer: Geology Rocks and Minerals. (Approximate Time: 7 Weeks) The following instructional plan is part of a GaDOE collection of Unit Frameworks, Performance Tasks, examples of Student Work, and Teacher Commentary. Many more GaDOE approved instructional plans are

More information

continent convection current core one of the main landmasses on Earth, such as Africa, Asia, or North America

continent convection current core one of the main landmasses on Earth, such as Africa, Asia, or North America continent one of the main landmasses on Earth, such as Africa, Asia, or North America convection current a series of circular motions that occur in substances when heating and cooling happen together core

More information

Pre Trip information for teachers

Pre Trip information for teachers 1 A Blandy Experimental Farm Program Pre Trip information for teachers Before your students come to Blandy, they should be familiar with the following vocabulary: Rocks are naturally formed aggregates

More information

Earth Science - SOL 5.7 Science Study Guide

Earth Science - SOL 5.7 Science Study Guide Earth Science - SOL 5.7 Science Study Guide Rocks are classified based on how they were formed. The three types of rocks are sedimentary, igneous, and metamorphic. Igneous rock forms when magma (liquid

More information

Name: Rocks & Minerals 1 Mark Place, www.learnearthscience.com

Name: Rocks & Minerals 1 Mark Place, www.learnearthscience.com Name: Rocks & Minerals 1 KEY CONCEPT #1: What is a mineral? It is a, substance which has a What would be the opposite of this? KEY CONCEPT #2: What causes minerals to have different physical properties?

More information

SEDIMENTARY AND METAMORPHIC ROCKS

SEDIMENTARY AND METAMORPHIC ROCKS Date Period Name SEDIMENTARY AND METAMORPHIC ROCKS SECTION.1 Formation of Sedimentary Rocks In your textbook, read about the processes that form sedimentary rocks. Use each of the terms below to complete

More information

CHAPTER 7: ROCKS AND MINERALS. Self-Reflection Survey: Section 7.1, p. 175 Answers will vary

CHAPTER 7: ROCKS AND MINERALS. Self-Reflection Survey: Section 7.1, p. 175 Answers will vary CHAPTER 7: ROCKS AND MINERALS Self-Reflection Survey: Section 7.1, p. 175 Answers will vary Checkpoint 7.1, p. 177 Examine the atomic models below and answer the question that follows. The filled black

More information

Earth and Space Science. Semester 2 Review. Part 2. - Minerals that split easily or break apart in one direction along a flat surface.

Earth and Space Science. Semester 2 Review. Part 2. - Minerals that split easily or break apart in one direction along a flat surface. Earth and Space Science Semester 2 Review Part 2 Cleavage Core sample Crystal shape Deposition Elements Compounds - Minerals that split easily or break apart in one direction along a flat surface. - A

More information

Colleen Fadden Renee Pollard Andrea Popolizio

Colleen Fadden Renee Pollard Andrea Popolizio Colleen Fadden Renee Pollard Andrea Popolizio Igneous rocks are the oldest type of rocks. Deep inside the earth where it is very hot, there is melted rock called magma. As the magma comes up to the surface,

More information

Unit: Rocks and Minerals. Activity Outlines. Sponsors. TD Friends of the Environment Giant s Rib Discovery Centre. Author(s)

Unit: Rocks and Minerals. Activity Outlines. Sponsors. TD Friends of the Environment Giant s Rib Discovery Centre. Author(s) Unit: Activity Outlines Sponsors TD Friends of the Environment Giant s Rib Discovery Centre Author(s) Gary Birchall, Kimberly Information Services Ltd. Linda O Grady Retired Principal, Hamilton-Wentworth

More information

1. A student found a sample of a solid material that was gray, shiny and made of all the same material. What category does this sample best fit?

1. A student found a sample of a solid material that was gray, shiny and made of all the same material. What category does this sample best fit? Grade 4 Standard 3 Unit Test A Earth Materials Multiple Choice 1. A student found a sample of a solid material that was gray, shiny and made of all the same material. What category does this sample best

More information

Rocks & Minerals. 10. Which rock type is most likely to be monomineralic? 1) rock salt 3) basalt 2) rhyolite 4) conglomerate

Rocks & Minerals. 10. Which rock type is most likely to be monomineralic? 1) rock salt 3) basalt 2) rhyolite 4) conglomerate 1. Of the Earth's more than 2,000 identified minerals, only a small number are commonly found in rocks. This fact indicates that most 1) minerals weather before they can be identified 2) minerals have

More information

What is the Rio Grande Rift?

What is the Rio Grande Rift? 26. What is the Rio Grande Rift? Description: Objectives: Students will learn about the concept of a rift in general and about the Rio Grande Rift in particular. Two different diagrams of the rift can

More information

Exploring How Rocks Are Formed

Exploring How Rocks Are Formed Exploring How Rocks Are Formed Grade Level: 3-4 Purpose and Goals: In this lesson, students are introduced to the three types of rocks: igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic. After receiving background

More information

4 Metamorphic Rock. TAKE A LOOK 2. Identify How did the bands in the rock in the figure form?

4 Metamorphic Rock. TAKE A LOOK 2. Identify How did the bands in the rock in the figure form? CHAPTER 4 4 Metamorphic Rock SECTION Rocks: Mineral Mixtures BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: How do metamorphic rocks form? How do geologists

More information

Chapter 6 Lab Activity. Rock Identification. Chapter 6 Lab Activity. Laboratory Manual LAB SKILLS AND OBJECTIVES. Procedure. Part A: Igneous Rocks

Chapter 6 Lab Activity. Rock Identification. Chapter 6 Lab Activity. Laboratory Manual LAB SKILLS AND OBJECTIVES. Procedure. Part A: Igneous Rocks Rock Identification In this lab you will examine, classify, and identify several rock specimens. Igneous rocks you will observe include basalt, gabbro, granite, obsidian, pumice, rhyolite, and scoria.

More information

EARTH LAYERS ROCKS. Released SOL Test Questions Sorted by Topic Compiled by SOLpass

EARTH LAYERS ROCKS. Released SOL Test Questions Sorted by Topic Compiled by SOLpass Released SOL Test Questions Sorted by Topic Compiled by SOLpass www.solpass.org SOL 5.7 Earth s Constantly Changing Surface The student will investigate and understand how Earth s surface is constantly

More information

Exercise 1 Rock Review

Exercise 1 Rock Review Exercise 1 Rock Review The purpose of this lab exercise is to help refresh your memory of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rock types. Rocks are the physical record of past events in Earth s history.

More information

The rock cycle. Introduction. What are rocks?

The rock cycle. Introduction. What are rocks? The rock cycle This Revision looks at the three types of rock: sedimentary, igneous and metamorphic. It looks at how they are formed, the weathering of rocks and the way one form of rock turns into another,

More information

Sedimentary Rock Formation Models. 5.7 A Explore the processes that led to the formation of sedimentary rock and fossil fuels.

Sedimentary Rock Formation Models. 5.7 A Explore the processes that led to the formation of sedimentary rock and fossil fuels. Sedimentary Rock Formation Models 5.7 A Explore the processes that led to the formation of sedimentary rock and fossil fuels. The Formation Process Explained Formation of these rocks is one of the important

More information

Unit C: Earth Science Chapter 1: The Changing Earth

Unit C: Earth Science Chapter 1: The Changing Earth Unit C: Earth Science Chapter 1: The Changing Earth Lesson 1: Layers of the Earth 1. Atmosphere is the layer of gases that surrounds the planet 2. Clouds are in this layer 3. Atmosphere contains gases

More information

lithosphere granite basalt

lithosphere granite basalt The Earth s s Crust The Earth s s Crust The earth s crust is the outside layer of the earth. It is thickest at the continents at about 40 Km (up to 70 Km) deep. It is thinnest under the oceans at about

More information

On the outside, there's a crust. Within this crust, the most abundant elements (by mass) are oxygen and silicon.

On the outside, there's a crust. Within this crust, the most abundant elements (by mass) are oxygen and silicon. The Earth is made up of rocks and minerals. The core of the Earth is molten rock. On the outside, there's a crust. Within this crust, the most abundant elements (by mass) are oxygen and silicon. Sometimes

More information

Background Knowledge: Students should be familiar with characteristics and formation of sedimentary, metamorphic and igneous rocks.

Background Knowledge: Students should be familiar with characteristics and formation of sedimentary, metamorphic and igneous rocks. 8 th grade Standard III, Objective 2 Title: Rock Cycle Activity Description: Students will follow a rock as it travels through the rock cycle. They will model the movement of earth materials by rolling

More information

Characteristics of Sedimentary Rocks

Characteristics of Sedimentary Rocks Characteristics of Sedimentary Rocks Deposited at the earth s surface by wind, water, glacier ice, or biochemical processes Typically deposited in strata (layers) under cool surface conditions. This is

More information

Topic: Rocks, Minerals and Soil Duration: Grade Level: 6 9 days

Topic: Rocks, Minerals and Soil Duration: Grade Level: 6 9 days 6 th Grade Science Unit: Sedimentary Rocks Unit Snapshot Topic: Rocks, Minerals and Soil Duration: Grade Level: 6 9 days Summary The following activities allow students to focus on the study of rocks.

More information

EARTH SCIENCE CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK GRADES K 12 WCCUSD/UCMP EARTH AS A SYSTEM

EARTH SCIENCE CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK GRADES K 12 WCCUSD/UCMP EARTH AS A SYSTEM EARTH AS A SYSTEM K-2 3-5 6-8 How is the Earth part of a larger system? The Earth is part of a bigger system called the Solar System. The Earth is part of the Solar System. The Earth is part of the Solar

More information

Lesson 5: The Rock Cycle: Making the Connection

Lesson 5: The Rock Cycle: Making the Connection Target Grade or Age Level Sixth grade science Lesson 5: The Rock Cycle: Making the Connection Scientific Processes Addressed Defining operationally, formulating and testing hypotheses, constructing models

More information

Minerals and Rocks C) D)

Minerals and Rocks C) D) Minerals and Rocks Name 1. Base your answer to the following question on the map and cross section below. The shaded areas on the map represent regions of the United States that have evaporite rock layers

More information

Three Main Types of Rocks Igneous Rocks. Sedimentary Rocks Metamorphic Rocks. Made by Liesl at The Homeschool Den

Three Main Types of Rocks Igneous Rocks. Sedimentary Rocks Metamorphic Rocks. Made by Liesl at The Homeschool Den Three Main Types of Rocks Igneous Rocks Sedimentary Rocks Metamorphic Rocks Igneous Rocks Above and below: Basalt Above: Gabbro Above: Pumice Above: Basalt, Giant Causeway in Ireland Above: Obsidian Above:

More information

Core. Question: What is the core of Earth?

Core. Question: What is the core of Earth? The Science Concept Learning Bricks packets are organized by the branches of science. Within each branch, we have organized the concepts into categories, this particular packet is Earth Science Rocks and

More information

"SAND AND SOIL STUDIES" QUESTION Where does sand come from? How is it the same or different from soil?

SAND AND SOIL STUDIES QUESTION Where does sand come from? How is it the same or different from soil? "SAND AND SOIL STUDIES" QUESTION Where does sand come from? How is it the same or different from soil? UNDERLYING CONCEPT Sand is created from the break down of larger rocks. The type of sand present,

More information

Rocks & Minerals 1 Mark Place, www.learnearthscience.com

Rocks & Minerals 1 Mark Place, www.learnearthscience.com Name: KEY Rocks & Minerals 1 KEY CONCEPT #1: What is a mineral? It is a naturally occurring, inorganic substance which has a definite chemical composition What would be the opposite of this? man-made,

More information

ROCKS OF THE GRAND CANYON BACKGROUND INFORMATION FOR DOCENTS

ROCKS OF THE GRAND CANYON BACKGROUND INFORMATION FOR DOCENTS ROCKS OF THE GRAND CANYON BACKGROUND INFORMATION FOR DOCENTS There are three distinct types of rock. Igneous rocks. Igneous comes from the Greek word for fire. It is so hot deep in the Earth that rocks

More information

Earth Science Landforms, Weathering, and Erosion Reading Comprehension. Landforms, Weathering, and Erosion

Earth Science Landforms, Weathering, and Erosion Reading Comprehension. Landforms, Weathering, and Erosion Reading Comprehension Name 1 How many people have been to the Rocky Mountains or the Grand Canyon? When people go to visit these natural wonders, they may not realize that it took millions of years for

More information

to change. Let s look at what happens to rocks that spend some time on the surface.

to change. Let s look at what happens to rocks that spend some time on the surface. It s a Rock s Life I m what you would call a mutt-rock. Yep just like your dog I bet a regular Heinz-57 kind of rock. You see I am made of bits and pieces of a lot of different things. Let s see. I have

More information

Unit 8.3.1 Study Guide: Rocks, Minerals, and the Rock Cycle

Unit 8.3.1 Study Guide: Rocks, Minerals, and the Rock Cycle Name Date Per Unit 8.3.1 Study Guide: Rocks, Minerals, and the Rock Cycle I Can Statements I Can Statements are the learning targets for each unit. By the time you take the test for this unit, you should

More information

Getting to Know Rocks and Soil

Getting to Know Rocks and Soil Science Benchmark: 04:03 Earth materials include rocks, soils, water, and gases. Rock is composed of minerals. Earth materials change over time from one form to another. These changes require energy. Erosion

More information

Classifying Rocks Using a Key

Classifying Rocks Using a Key Classifying Rocks Using a Key Introduction Recall that a rock is a naturally occurring, solid mass of minerals or mineral-like matter. Geologists classify rocks into three major groups based on how the

More information

3.C.5 Rocks: Observing Properties A hands-on introduction to rocks and their properties

3.C.5 Rocks: Observing Properties A hands-on introduction to rocks and their properties 3.C.5 Rocks: Observing Properties A hands-on introduction to rocks and their properties Grade Level 3 Sessions Seasonality Instructional Mode(s) Team Size WPS Benchmarks MA Frameworks Key Words (1): 1

More information

1. Choose a mineral colour that you like. Record the name of a mineral of this colour and its chemical name in Table 1. My chosen colour is:

1. Choose a mineral colour that you like. Record the name of a mineral of this colour and its chemical name in Table 1. My chosen colour is: Geology Trail Stages 4-5 Student Activity Sheets Minerals are the building blocks of rocks and are made up of elements. They come in many different forms with some forming crystals with distinctive shapes.

More information

All sediments have a source or provenance, a place or number of places of origin where they were produced.

All sediments have a source or provenance, a place or number of places of origin where they were produced. Sedimentary Rocks, Processes, and Environments Sediments are loose grains and chemical residues of earth materials, which include things such as rock fragments, mineral grains, part of plants or animals,

More information

Rock Type Identification Flow Chart

Rock Type Identification Flow Chart Rock Type Identification Flow Chart SEDIMENTARY AMORPHOUS No Crystals or Clasts fairly hard very soft hard & cherty vague crystals SEDIMENTARY IGNEOUS - VOLCANIC CLASTS Broken pieces of rocks or minerals

More information

Lesson 3: The Big Rock Lesson: Introduction to Rocks. Scientific Process(es) Addressed: Observing, communicating, inferring and defining operationally

Lesson 3: The Big Rock Lesson: Introduction to Rocks. Scientific Process(es) Addressed: Observing, communicating, inferring and defining operationally Target Grade or Age Level: Sixth grade earth science Lesson 3: The Big Rock Lesson: Introduction to Rocks Scientific Process(es) Addressed: Observing, communicating, inferring and defining operationally

More information

Rocks: Materials of the Solid Earth

Rocks: Materials of the Solid Earth Rocks: Materials of the Solid Earth Presentation modified from: Instructor Resource Center on CD-ROM, Foundations of Earth Science, 4 th Edition, Lutgens/Tarbuck, Rock Cycle Shows the interrelationships

More information

LESSON PLAN FOR ROCKS AND MINERALS. Episode Six 306 Street Science (Earth Science)

LESSON PLAN FOR ROCKS AND MINERALS. Episode Six 306 Street Science (Earth Science) LESSON PLAN FOR ROCKS AND MINERALS Episode Six 306 Street Science (Earth Science) Science lessons come easily if you are along a stream bed or road cut. All around you are examples of sedimentary rocks,

More information

Rocks, Minerals, Soil and Fossils

Rocks, Minerals, Soil and Fossils Rocks, Minerals, Soil and Fossils The Pebbles, Sand, and Silt Module consists of four sequential investigations, each designed to introduce concepts in earth science. The investigations provide experiences

More information

WHITE PAPER January 2002

WHITE PAPER January 2002 Many types of naturally occurring materials such as granite, marble, rocks, etc. are used for both interior and exterior surfacing applications. Some are used in the raw form (granite/marble), while others

More information

Name Rock and Mineral Review E-Science Date Midterm Review Science Department

Name Rock and Mineral Review E-Science Date Midterm Review Science Department Name Rock and Mineral Review E-Science Date Midterm Review Science Department 1 Base your answer to the following question on the drawings of six sedimentary rocks labeled A through F. Most of the rocks

More information

GRADE 3 INSTRUCTIONAL TASKS. Rocks and Minerals

GRADE 3 INSTRUCTIONAL TASKS. Rocks and Minerals GRADE 3 INSTRUCTIONAL TASKS Rocks and Minerals Grade-Level Expectations The exercises in these instructional tasks address content related to the following science grade-level expectations: Contents ESS-E-A1,

More information

Chapter 3 Rocks. The Rock Cycle

Chapter 3 Rocks. The Rock Cycle Chapter 3 Rocks Section 1 The Rock Cycle Key Concepts What is a rock? What are the three major types of rocks? How do igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks differ? What is the rock cycle? What powers

More information

Ride the Rock Cycle. Suggested Goals: Students will gain an understanding of how a rock can move through the different stages of the rock cycle.

Ride the Rock Cycle. Suggested Goals: Students will gain an understanding of how a rock can move through the different stages of the rock cycle. Illinois State Museum Geology Online http://geologyonline.museum.state.il.us Ride the Rock Cycle Grade Level: 5 6 Purpose: To teach students that the rock cycle, like the water cycle, has various stages

More information

TYPES OF ROCKS & THE ROCK CYCLE

TYPES OF ROCKS & THE ROCK CYCLE Visit http://www.learner.org/interactives/rockcycle/index.html to complete the following questions and activities. TYPES OF ROCKS: 1. Click on TYPES OF ROCKS. Read the information on the webpage and answer

More information

The Rock Cycle: Metamorphic, Sedimentary, and Igneous Rocks

The Rock Cycle: Metamorphic, Sedimentary, and Igneous Rocks The Rock Cycle: Metamorphic, Sedimentary, and Igneous Rocks Intended for Grade: 3 Subject: Science Description: This presentation teaches students about the properties and formation of each of the three

More information

03_2_SC_Earth_Science_T1 (03_2_SC_Earth_Science_T1)

03_2_SC_Earth_Science_T1 (03_2_SC_Earth_Science_T1) Name: Date: 1. Use the table below to answer this question. Which soil is the most fertile? A. yellow soil B. pale brown soil C. yellow brown soil D. dark brown soil 2. Which soil makes the best garden?

More information

Crust: low density rocks. Mantle: high density rocks. Core: very high density metal. core

Crust: low density rocks. Mantle: high density rocks. Core: very high density metal. core Crust: low density rocks Mantle: high density rocks Core: very high density metal core mechanical) layering mechanical layers lithosphere: rigid & strong asthenosphere: plastic & weak mesosphere: plastic

More information

Metamorphic rocks. The term metamorphic is derived from the Latin term meaning, "change of form".

Metamorphic rocks. The term metamorphic is derived from the Latin term meaning, change of form. Metamorphic rocks The term metamorphic is derived from the Latin term meaning, "change of form". These rocks have been altered while in their solid state as a response to the environment. 1 Extreme circumstances

More information

Minerals & Rocks. Naturally occurring Formed from elements or compounds

Minerals & Rocks. Naturally occurring Formed from elements or compounds Minerals & Rocks Minerals 5 Characteristics: Naturally occurring Formed from elements or compounds Inorganic Found as a solid in nature Definite chemical make up and regular atomic structure A. Minerals

More information

Identifying Rocks. Teacher Instructions. Overview: Objectives: Materials: Answers to Student Worksheet:

Identifying Rocks. Teacher Instructions. Overview: Objectives: Materials: Answers to Student Worksheet: Teacher Instructions Overview: In this activity, students learn the characteristics of some common igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rocks. Students also learn to use a dichotomous key for identification

More information

METAMORPHIC ROCKS BEGIN

METAMORPHIC ROCKS BEGIN METAMORPHIC ROCKS BEGIN WHAT IS A METAMORPHIC ROCK? A metamorphic rock is a rock that has been changed by heat and/or pressure without completely melting. There are two types of metamorphism 1. Regional

More information

Rock Star 101. Introduction to Rocks.

Rock Star 101. Introduction to Rocks. Rock Star 101 Introduction to Rocks www.mineralsed.ca Lesson 1: Rocks are made of minerals. Lesson 2: Rock formation is cyclic. Lesson 3: Igneous rocks crystallize from molten magma. Igneous Rock Type1:

More information

ROCK TYPES IGNEOUS ROCK TEXTURES IGNEOUS ROCKS SEDIMENTARY ROCKS METAMORPHIC ROCKS APHANITIC PHANERITIC PORPHRYTIC

ROCK TYPES IGNEOUS ROCK TEXTURES IGNEOUS ROCKS SEDIMENTARY ROCKS METAMORPHIC ROCKS APHANITIC PHANERITIC PORPHRYTIC ROCK PICTIONARY ROCK TYPES IGNEOUS ROCKS Rocks formed when magma (molten material beneath the earth s surface) or lava (molten material on the earth s surface) cools and becomes solid. SEDIMENTARY ROCKS

More information

Rock On! Science: Minerals 4 th Grade Level 3 90-minute periods plus independent study

Rock On! Science: Minerals 4 th Grade Level 3 90-minute periods plus independent study Rock On! Science: Minerals 4 th Grade Level 3 90-minute periods plus independent study Materials: Copies of handouts Mineral and Rock Samples Styrofoam bowl for each student 2 pieces of charcoal for each

More information

Las Rocas Nos Cuentan Su Historia worksheet answer key (English).

Las Rocas Nos Cuentan Su Historia worksheet answer key (English). Las Rocas Nos Cuentan Su Historia worksheet answer key (English). Study the samples provided by your instructor. Complete each step as explained in the instructions. Answer discussion questions in your

More information

The Layered Earth. Unit B Plate Tectonics. Unit D Shaping the Earth. Unit A The Solid Earth. Unit C Minerals and Rocks. Unit E Earthquakes

The Layered Earth. Unit B Plate Tectonics. Unit D Shaping the Earth. Unit A The Solid Earth. Unit C Minerals and Rocks. Unit E Earthquakes The Layered Earth: Content Overview The Layered Earth Unit A The Solid Earth Unit B Plate Tectonics Unit C Minerals and Rocks Unit D Shaping the Earth Unit E Earthquakes Unit F Volcanoes Unit G Geologic

More information

Igneous Rocks. Grade Level: 9 12

Igneous Rocks. Grade Level: 9 12 Grade Level: 9 12 Igneous Rocks Purpose: The crust is made of them. Dig down anywhere and you will hit them. Igneous rocks are the foundation of Illinois and no story of geology is complete without a study

More information

FOURTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FOURTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES FOURTH GRADE PLATE TECTONICS 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES PLATE TECTONIC CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FOURTH GRADE VOLCANOES WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing different structures of volcanoes. LAB: Modeling three types

More information

Lecture Outlines PowerPoint. Chapter 3 Earth Science 11e Tarbuck/Lutgens

Lecture Outlines PowerPoint. Chapter 3 Earth Science 11e Tarbuck/Lutgens Lecture Outlines PowerPoint Chapter 3 Earth Science 11e Tarbuck/Lutgens 2006 Pearson Prentice Hall This work is protected by United States copyright laws and is provided solely for the use of instructors

More information