SHEBA - Sustainable Shipping and Environment of the Baltic Sea region

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1 SHEBA - Sustainable Shipping and Environment of the Baltic Sea region Jana Moldanová IVL, Swedish Environmental Research Institute

2 SHEBA Coordinator: IVL Swedish Environmental research Institute Participants: 11 from 7 countries Duration: April 1 st 2015 to March 31 st 2018 FMI SYKE FOI TUT Chalmers IVL SDU MIG HZG CNRS/CINAM EI 2

3 Operational environmental impact from shipping Multiple activities SO X Annex VI Multiple stressors Annex V Solid waste CO 2 NO X PM Noise Code Ballast water BWM-conv Antifouling paint AFS-conv Black Grey water water Annex IV Bilge water Annex I Noise Stern tube oils Annex I Erosion/ resuspens. National/Regional/Loca l regulations

4 Chain of impacts of shipping Technologies, fuels, modal shift Air pollution Sources Atmospheric transport and transformation Deposition and effects of air pollution on ecosystems and health Shipping Activity Scenarios Water pollution Nutrients, Contaminants, Acidifying species, Microparticles & litter, Invasive species, Integrated effects to marine environment Policies Underwater noise Sources Propagation Effects on fish & mammals Impacts on the environment of the Baltic Sea region Changes in ecosystem services Marginal changes in costs and benefits

5 Shipping activity data using AIS data from HELCOM and data on activity for pleasure boats Used to calculate baseline and scenario emissions of: Air pollutants Water pollutants Underwater noise SHEBA will: Analyse economic, environmental and societal drivers of change on the shipping activities taking into account relevant policy developments Develop scenarios for future shipping activities in the Baltic Sea for the years 2030 and

6 Air pollution Objectives: To assess the current situation of air pollution from shipping in the Baltic Sea region and in selected harbours by means of chemistry transport modelling systems To run future scenarios of shipping emissions and calculate the effects of emission changes on the Baltic Sea region CTM:CMAQ,EMEP, SILAM Meteorology Emissions Gas phase chemistry Aerosol chemistry Cloud chemistry Transport SMOKE-EU STEAM ship emissions 6

7 Water Pollution Cumulative effect assessment of the entire impact from shipping on the marine environment 7

8 Underwater noise Objectives: Establish an improved noise source model optimized for the Baltic Sea and to use it to make a source map. Develop an efficient proxy for the shipping induced noise in the Baltic Sea area Conduct an impact assessment of ship generated noise. Collect experimental data on underwater noise exposure of fish in controlled environment Noise map example from a NOAA study 8

9 Effects Analytical framework for the integrated assessment of shipping in the Baltic Sea Air pollution: Loss of statistical life expectancy from particulate matter The number of premature deaths attributable to exposure to ground level ozone Nitrogen deposition to safeguard biodiversity in Natura2000 nature protection zones Protection of forest areas against acidification 9

10 Effects Water pollution and underwater noise The main goal of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive is to achieve Good Environmental status of EU marine waters by The following qualitative descriptors of the GES are affected by shipping: Descriptor 2. Non-indigenous species do not adversely alter the ecosystem Descriptor 5. Eutrophication is minimized Descriptor 7. Permanent alteration of hydrographical conditions does not adversely affect the ecosystem Descriptor 8. Concentrations of contaminants give no effects Descriptor 9. Contaminants in seafood are below safe levels Descriptor 10. Marine litter does not cause harm Descriptor 11. Introduction of energy (including underwater noise) does not adversely affect the ecosystem

11 3. Pricing Nature Ecosystem Services and Goods Provisioning Cultural Supporting & Regulating Final Intermediate

12 Policy feedback Environmental effects from shipping vs other sources Enable ranking of the most important pressures from shipping Policy feedback prioritization of which shipping related activities that require more or less regulation Dissemination and communication with stakeholders Interaction with stakeholders First stakeholder meeting in Hamburg September 2015 Dissemination to policy makers and wide public - measurement campaign platform - a Challenge 67 yacht, will be used to promote the BONUS maritime projects during several stops on the campaign Making SHEBA results and products widely accessible in digital form via a web-portal as data sets, maps and plots, and reports. Generating and distributing educational and easy perceptible material for teachers, pupils, students and public presentations 12

13 Thank you for listening

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