Inside Earth Chapter 3

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1 Name Hour Due Date Inside Earth Chapter Page 1 Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics Page 2 Volcanic Activity Page - Mapping Earthquakes and Volcanoes Page 4 Mapping Earthquakes and Volcanoes table Page 5 - Mapping Earthquakes and Volcanoes map Grade Requirements: C complete pages 1,2 B complete pages 1,2,,4,5 (complete but not accurate) A complete pages 1,2,,4,5 (complete and accurate)

2 SECTION -1 REVIEW AND REINFORCE Volcanoes and Plate Tectonics Understanding Main Ideas Answer the following questions on a separate sheet of paper. 1. In what way are volcanoes a constructive force? 2. Why do so many of Earth s volcanoes occur along plate boundaries? Pacific Ocean Hawaiian Islands Pacific Plate Hot Spot. Explain how the hot spot shown in the diagram above created the Hawaiian Islands. Draw an arrow on the diagram to help explain the process. Building Vocabulary Answer the following questions on a separate sheet of paper. 4. What is the difference between magma and lava? 5. Define each of these terms in your own words. a. volcano b. Ring of Fire c. island arc Inside Earth Teaching Resources F 77

3 SECTION -2 REVIEW AND REINFORCE Volcanic Activity Understanding Main Ideas Answer the following questions on a separate sheet of paper. 1. Why does magma in the mantle rise through the crust above it? 2. As magma rises toward the surface, what happens to the gases in it? Why?. What three things determine how thick or thin magma is? 4. What are the differences between pahoehoe and aa? What kind of eruption produces these types of lava? 5. How does an explosive eruption produce a pyroclastic flow? 6. What are two uses of geothermal energy? 7. Identify three hazards of volcanic eruptions. Building Vocabulary Label the figure below with the names of a volcano s parts ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, QQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQQ Inside Earth Teaching Resources F 81

4 CHAPTER SKILLS LAB Interpreting Data Mapping Earthquakes and Volcanoes In this lab, you will interpret data on the locations of earthquakes and volcanoes to find patterns. Problem Is there a pattern in the locations of earthquakes and volcanoes? Materials outline world map showing longitude and latitude 4 pencils of different colors Procedure 1. Use the information in the table on page 92 to mark the location of each earthquake on the world map on page 9. Use one of the colored pencils to draw a letter E inside a circle at each earthquake location. 2. Use a pencil of a second color to mark the locations of the volcanoes on the world map. Indicate each volcano with the letter V inside a circle.. Use a third pencil to lightly shade the areas in which earthquakes are found. 4. Use a fourth colored pencil to lightly shade the areas in which volcanoes are found. Analyze and Conclude Write your answers on a separate sheet of paper. 1. How are earthquakes distributed on the map? Are they scattered evenly over Earth s surface? Are they concentrated in definite zones? 2. How are volcanoes distributed? Are they scattered evenly or concentrated in zones?. From your data, what can you infer about the relationship between earthquakes and volcanoes? 4. Apply Based on the data, which area of the North American continent would have the greatest risk of earthquake damage? Of volcano damage? Why would knowing this information be important to urban planners, engineers, and builders in this area? Inside Earth Teaching Resources F 91

5 SKILLS LAB (continued) Earthquakes More to Explore Volcanoes Longitude Latitude Longitude Latitude 120 W 40 N 150 W 60 N 110 E 5 S 70 W 5 S 77 W 4 S 120 W 45 N 88 E 2 N 61 W 15 N 121 E 14 S 105 W 20 N 4 E 7 N 75 W 0 74 W 44 N 122 W 40 N 70 W 0 S 0 E 40 N 10 E 45 N 60 E 0 N 85 W 1 N 160 E 55 N 125 E 2 N 7 E S 0 E 5 N 145 E 40 N 140 E 5 N 120 E 10 S 12 E 46 N 14 E 41 N 75 E 28 N 105 E 5 S 150 W 61 N 5 E 15 N 68 W 47 S 70 W 0 S 175 E 41 S 175 E 9 S 121 E 17 N 12 E 18 N On a map of the United States, locate active volcanoes and areas of earthquake activity. Determine the distance from your home to the nearest active volcano. 92 F Teaching Resources Inside Earth

6 SKILLS LAB (continued) 60 N 40 N 20 N 0 20 S 40 S 60 S 180 W 80 N 160 W 140 W North America South America 120 W 100 W 80 W 60 W Greenland 40 W 20 W Africa 0 20 E 120 E 40 E 60 E 80 E 100 E Australia Eurasia 140 E 160 E 180 E Prime Meridian Equator Inside Earth Teaching Resources F 9

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