The Provincial Plan (PTC) is a general spatial planning tool approved in 2002 an actually under the decennial revision set by law.

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2 The Province of Genoa is a Public Authority acting at an intermediate level between municipalities and Liguria Region, and incorporates the territory of 67 municipalities. The main role is promoting and coordinating the projects from the different municipalities, in two ways: through the construction of planning tools and through the promotion of local development projects. The Provincial Plan (PTC) is a general spatial planning tool approved in 2002 an actually under the decennial revision set by law. Its main goal is the coordination of development programs and projects at local level fitted in a broader perspective of Regional and European level. The Municipalities are the main interlocutors of the Plan directives, and represent the main actors for its implementation.

3 Threats Existing flooding risk Urban concentration Indifference to climate change Strengths Data and analysis at disposal Planning tools on environmental issue operating Skill for delivering projects by transversal processes Experience in developing inclusive processes SWOT ANALYSIS Weaknesses Lack of financial resources to provide for analysis, realizations, maintenance Few and very busy people for increasing tasks Opportunities Extended wooded area Brownfield areas Housing demand in green areas CLIMATE CHANGES AND THE LIGURIAN CASE MODEST HEATING INCREASING AND NEGLIGIBLE ANNUAL RAINING TREND BUT SIGNIFICANT ANOMALIES AND EXTREME EVENTS GROWING UP Heating waves and tropical nights in summer by 2003 Freezing rain in Liguria (24 Dec 2009) and unusual blizzards at sea level during winters Repeated, intense and concentrate rainfall with flooding events in autumn

4 POLICYES: HIGH LEVEL POLICY STATEMENT Document in eight points signed by the President of Province on 15/12/ the General Territorial Plan of Province (PTC) of Genova is a quite fit tool for the assessment of the physical effects generated from climate changes in the Province area, and for integrating different thematic plans towards the establishment of effective adaptation measures; the PTC needs to be improved and integrated in its sections, updating the subjects that refer to the environmental sustainability and the development performance ability; 2. the Provincial planning tool must be updated through an Action Plan and integrated projects, that should face both methodological and coordination issues, both pilot projects delivery, involving local communities and Authorities, too; as a consequence of past delivered actions, the target area for demonstrative projects should be selected in the corridor Polcevera and Scrivia valleys; 3. by a morphological and environmental point of view, the Provincial land is featured as a chain of mountains, rich in woods, that lays in front of the Mediterranean sea, where the most dense urban area is enclosed in a narrow belt along the coast; even if this causes other core weaknesses and bad balances, the Provincial wide area, due to these true factors, looks quite less affected to climate changes than other national and European areas; therefore, among other adaptation measures, the maintenance of the local good environmental conditions should be stressed, with special care to the green areas system in urban zones and to ecologic corridors that may mitigate high density settlements, to the good quality of inner waters and to their relation with developed settlements, and to local micro-climates. 4. vulnerability to climate changes, risks and adaptation measures should be evaluated through a reliable, updated and flexible tool, able to answer to specific local issues; then, the GRaBS assessment tool should be used both for building programmes at Provincial level, both for delivering green and blue infrastructures projects in homogeneous physical contexts; 5. the Action Plan provision should be agreed by Municipalities and local communities; in a special way those involved in adaptation measures pilot projects, like the achievement of green and blue infrastructures prototypes; 6. local projects must be developed after gaining experiences already done in other similar contexts, acquiring outputs and assessing the results; 7. the Action Plan must state clearly what actual actions should be undertaken, how they should be delivered, what are the measurable results that are expected from; 8. according to the general principles of Provincial PTC, the adaptation actions to climate changes must be achieved through a cycle of launch, development, agreement, implementation, assessment and updating, that can allow to get the targets in harmony with the territorial dynamics.

5 MAIN ACTIONS OF THE AAP ADAPTO ADAPTATION ACTION PLANNING TOOLKIT PL 1 AT LOCAL LEVEL PL 2

6 ACTORS INVOLVED For the AAP delivery Province of Genova settled up a multidisciplinary WORKING TEAM charged of the development of local projects, mainly composed by internal professionals with the support of 2 external experts. EXTERNAL EXPERT PROJECT 1 1 architect expert in landscape planning LAND AND BASIN PLANNING DEP. 3 Geologists 4 Land Planners 1 Hydraulic Engineer EXTERNAL EXPERT PROJECT 2 1agronomist expert in landscape design ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT DEP. 1Physicist + NATURAL AND PROTECTED AREAS DEP. 1 Naturalist Different participation approaches: while the higher planning level adaptation is subjected to a coordinated approbation procedure set by law, for the local project delivery it has been started an inclusive processes through the involvement of: POLITICIANS/MANAGERS/COMMUNITIES

7 ENVIRONMENTAL STABILITY AND TRANSFORMATION CONDITIONS INSIDE THE PROVINCIAL LAND UNITS PL1 The starting point: what do influence Genoa land vulnerability and the balance among components? The main weaknesses: Reduced water availability Increased draught Severe biodiversity losses Increased forest fires Reduced summer tourism Increased energy demand in summer Reduced hydropower Increased salinity and eutrophisation of coastal waters Increased health effects of heat waves Selection of a set of indicators interrelated with vulnerability factors: SYSTEM Land Specialization Interference Anthropic Eco-systemic Land in CRITICISM infrastructure degree/ Mono- degree among pressure integrity transition/ equipment functionality components transformation increasing MACRO INDICATORS Area matrix Matrix interfering elements Hydraulic risk surf./area surf. Specialization elements/area surf. Fragmentation coefficient Abandoning surface Soil consumption Draining surface Biological Territorial Capacity Habitat standard (m 2 /pers) Habitat standard/territorial uses Heterogeneity

8 ENVIRONMENTAL STABILITY AND TRANSFORMATION CONDITIONS INSIDE THE PROVINCIAL LAND UNITS PL1 Biopotenzialità 8,00 Rapporti di dominanza H/Hmax elemnaturali H/Hmax elemantropici 80,00 % The main topics and uncertainties 60,00 70,00 50,00 60,00 2,00 High level of territory diversity 20,00 137,34 Scrivia Medio 20,00 Polcevera1A lto 10,00 Scrivia Basso 100,00 [%] 80,00 Scrivia Alto 0,00 Habitat umano [Hu (%)] 29,88 Percentuale della superficie totale a rischio sprawl 28,25% 0,30 0,25 21,80% 19,48% 0,20 11,55% (%) 0,15 7,71% 0,10 0,05 0,00 Percentualedellasuperficietotalea rischio sprawl PolceveraAlto Polcevera Basso ScriviaAlto 0,22 0,28 0,12 ScriviaMedio Scrivia Basso 0,08 0,19 Scrivia Alto Scrivia Medio 1,67 3,45 3,52 3,38 3,09 3,64 [BTCHn/BTCmedia (%)]/10 7,32 7,27 7,60 Polcevera Alto Polcevera Basso Scrivia Alto 37,88 60,70 27,95 1,80Scrivia Medio 1,60 27,84 13,64 Scrivia Basso 3,22 3,76 1,69 Scrivia Basso 1,4 7 29,88 2,29 3,84 7,50 7,18 1,46 1,48 39,72 1,26 1,40 1,20 1,00 11,73 20,00 0,80 0,00 Polcevera Alto Polcevera Basso ScriviaAlto 56,00 137,34 13,64 ScriviaMedio ScriviaBasso 11,73 27,84 0,60 0,40 0,20 0,00 Sup sprawl/sup edif Capacity of the land system to positively react at the novelties Polcevera Basso 2,87 BTCHn 56,00 40,00 The meaning of adaptation Polcevera Alto 2,04rto tra Sup0,75 2,94 Rappo erficie interfe2,96 rita e superfic ie edificata 60,00 Sup. interferita(ainterf/matrice) % 39,72 0,00 BTCmedia BTCHu 0,00 unforeseeable and different climate change effects locally. 1,00 30,00 20,00 Polcevera Basso 3,00 27,95 Iinterferenza totale rispetto[hu alla(%)] matrice 140,00 4,00 37,88 40,00 10,00 5,00 60,70 50,00 30,00 6,00 Habitat umano 70,00 40,00 7,00 [Mcal/mq/anno] H/Hmax Polcevera Alto Polcevera Basso Scrivia Alto Scrivia Medio Scrivia Basso 1,47 1,26 1,69 1,46 1,48 assessment of the vulnerability and the resilience of the land units SOIL CONSUMPTION AFFECTS MOST OF ALL SUBURBUS AND RURAL AREAS. IT IS THE MAIL DRIVER FOR TRAFFIC, ENERGY CONSUMPTION, POLLUTION, FRAGMENTATION, ETC

9 GREEN AND BLUE INFRASTRUCTURES ALONG SCRIVIA/POLCEVERA STREAMS AND 2 DEMONSTRATIVE PROJECTS PL2 The starting point: What integrated approach for the river flooding mitigation and environmental protection? A survey field campaign was conducted in 12 different sites along Scrivia/Polcevera streams, editing detailed charts for each site. Main criteria for selection of the sites: potential connections with nearby urban areas uniform distribution along the rivers specific natural value On the basis of the analysis have been summed the most significant elements (natural and urban ones) for each selected area, recognizing negative and positive situations. Matrix of total quality Total quality and actions

10 GREEN AND BLUE INFRASTRUCTURES ALONG SCRIVIA/POLCEVERA STREAMS AND 2 DEMONSTRATIVE PROJECTS PL2 recording and filing to collect more significant elements of selected natural context, particularly exposed to climate changes Description -actual land uses -SWOT analysis on ecologic, naturalistic, environmental and urban profiles -hydraulic risks Planning reference -development previsions -binds and restrictions -regional discipline -regional ecological net Ecological Maps status -hypsometric -natural status of the banks -river functionality index -on-site photos Guidelines -environment protection and anti-pollution functions -ecological functions -landscape perception and enjoinment -hydraulic risk protection -directives for interventions on ecologic asset -directives for re-naturalization interventions combined with the risk mitigation -directives for urban planning -priorities -benefits and good expectations -demonstrative projects Images Aims Actions map on UTM grid -orthophoto map

11 APPLICATION OF ASSESSMENT TOOL AT LOCAL LEVEL ADAPTO performing a web-gis visualization tool ADAPTO is structured on the basis of a set of environmental indicators, in order to analyze the current status of a territory, to assess its vulnerability and its aptitude to respond to changes ( resilience ). ADAPTO is now in a testing stage, but it will be improved and extended soon even to the evaluation procedure for the sustainability of plans and programmes (SEA - Strategic Environmental Assessment).

12 APPLICATION OF ASSESSMENT TOOL AT LOCAL LEVEL ADAPTO The toolkit allows to display the values of the eight selected indicators, the level of vulnerability associated with the relevant thresholds, and a parameter of final vulnerability. INDICATORS: Matrix, Interfering areas, Hydro-geological risk, Specialised uses, Fragmentation, Abandoned lands, Soil consumption, Drainage surface, Heterogeneity, Biological Capacity, Habitat standard vulnerability evaluation

13 ACTIONS DERIVED FROM THE AAP Improvement and extension of the method even to the evaluation procedure for the sustainability of plans and programmes (SEA - Strategic Environmental Assessment). Creation of a working base for city plans for Municipalities. SYSTEM Land Specialization Interference Anthropic CRITICISM infrastructure degree/ Mono- degree among pressure equipment functionality components increasing MACRO INDICATORS Area matrix Matrix interfering elements Hydraulic risk surf./area surf. Specialization elements/area surf. Fragmentation coefficient Abandoning surface Soil consumption Draining surface Biological Territorial Capacity Habitat standard (m 2 /pers) Habitat standard/territorial uses Heterogeneity Eco-systemic Land in integrity transition/ transformation Matrix application to pilot area in order to describe the vulnerability degree of the territory including most significant indicators both for natural and urban sites. Setting up land management criteria to increase the adaptability of the environment to transformations through the creation/improvement of ecological networks and green areas. Improvement of the matrix scheme and continue to apply it to the entire Provincial land around the metropolitan area, updating the map of vulnerability and transformation s capability. Co-operation in the Planting Project choosing the optimal sites to be planted by a private subject (UGF Insurance) through the emanation of an announcement for Local Authorities.

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