Permanent Secretary Office of Environmental Services Lagos State Ministry of the Environment At. Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

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1 By Permanent Secretary Office of Environmental Services Lagos State Ministry of the Environment At Dar es Salaam, Tanzania 1

2 LAGOS STATE WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF THE 36NOS FEDERATING STATES OF NIGERIA

3 LAGOS STATE SHOWING 20NOS LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS and 37NOS LOCAL COUNCIL DEVELOPMENT AREAS

4 ECONOMIC OUTLOOK OF LAGOS STATE Largest urban agglomeration in Africa Africa s most populated city (21m ) Population growth rate of 6% per annum Projected Population of 25m by 2015 (U.N) Spatial distribution 70:30 (Urban: Rural) Average of 224 vehicles per kilometre as against the world average of 11 vehicles per km Over 70% of revenue is internally generated 45% of Nigeria s skilled labour force are in Lagos Lagos is Nigeria s corporate, commercial & industrial nerve centre providing jobs for people, taxes for the government and entertainment to tourists. 5

5 ECONOMIC OUTLOOK OF LAGOS STATE CONTD Over 10,000 industrial & commercial concerns are in Lagos Lagos accounts for over 80% of international air traffic in Nigeria Lagos accounts for over 70% of national maritime cargo freight and seaport activities in Nigeria It contributes 30 percent ($52bn) to the nation s GDP and is the leading contributor to the non-oil sector GDP. Lagos is home to about 2,000 industrial complexes, 10,000 commercial ventures and 22 industrial estates Lagos accounts for over 50 percent of Nigeria s energy consumption

6 ECOLOGICAL OUTLOOK OF LAGOS STATE Lagos is known to be the smallest state in Nigeria with a population of 21million people out of NIGERIA s estimated 160million people Lagos State is a low-lying coastal region occupying 180km of Nigeria s estimated 900km coastline. The state covers an approximately 3577sqkm which represents 0.45% of Nigeria s territorial land mass. The low-lying land, wet-lands and water occupy 78% of the entire land mass of the state. It is also known that about 85% of the state population resides in just 37% of the state territorial land mass.

7 Lagos State drains two-thirds of South-west Nigeria and is characterized by wetlands and basin for 5nos major upstream rivers from neighbouring states to discharge into the Atlantic Ocean. Lagos State is laced with fresh water creeks and lagoons. R. OGUN R. YEWA Ologe Lagoon Porto Novo Creek Badagry Creek Lagos Lagoon Lekki Lagoon

8 CLIMATE CHANGE CHALLENGES IN LAGOS STATE Lagos State is confronted with a barrage of challenges as it relates to the question of Climate Change such as: Industrial Pollution Inadequate Waste Management mechanism Emission from dumpsites resulting from internal combustion high levels of emissions Rise in sea level leading to coastal inundation Coastal, Urban and River flooding Emission from motor vehicles Trailers, tankers, lorries which are used and second hand vehicles imported from abroad Indiscriminate felling of trees Inadequate access to cooking Gas etc Environmentally unfriendly cooking mechanism such as use of firewood.

9 Lagos State also faces challenges of environmental sustainability due to poverty, bio-diversity loss and other factors. Therefore, strategic means are required to address sustainable development challenges like effective environmental governance and the improvement of access of Lagosians to sustainable energy resources.

10 WHAT PRO-ACTIVE CLIMATE RESILIENT ROLE IS LAGOS STATE DOING? Sensitisation, Public Awareness, Enlightenment and Advocacy on all Environmental issues at Informal Sectors Hosted 5years of International Climate Change Summit Climate Change Workshops in all Local Government within the State School Advocacy (establishment of over 500nos Climate Change clubs) Demonstrative Media Campaigns in local and indigenous languages Sensitisation and collaboration with NGOs and Civil Societies and Multilateral agencies (e.g.undp) Regional Collaboration with neighbouring States

11 WHAT PRO-ACTIVE CLIMATE RESILIENT ROLE IS LAGOS STATE DOING contd? Development and implementation of Policies, programmes and projects engendered towards Climate Change Management Development of a Lagos State Climate Change Policy Development of Lagos State Energy Policy Creation of Lagos State Parks and Garden (planted over 3.5million trees in the past 5years) Creation of Enabling environment for Installation of LPG plants to eliminate use of wood (2nos plants were established in 2013). Encouragement of use of Renewable Energy (Proposal for establishment of Lagos State Centre for Applied Sustainability is on-going. Solar powered street light on-going) Encouragement of PPP arrangement for Waste-to-Energy and Waste-to-Wealth

12 WHAT PRO-ACTIVE CLIMATE RESILIENT ROLE IS LAGOS STATE DOING contd? Development and implementation of Policies, programmes and projects engendered towards Climate Change Management contd Development of a Stormwater Drainage Masterplan for the entire Lagos State to combat flooding Aggressive implementation and construction of Flood control infrastructures (mitigation measures) Construction and massive sea wall and reclamation of Lagos Coastline (mitigation measures against sea level rise) Retrofitting of all State Government public buildings with energy saving and efficient bulbs and electric devices Power generation using LNG to power streetlights Creation Bus Rapid Transit scheme Development of Mass Transport Light Rail System (on-going)

13 WHAT PRO-ACTIVE CLIMATE RESILIENT ROLE IS LAGOS STATE DOING contd? Strengthening of State Laws and Institutions Lagos State Physical Development, Urban and Regional law (revised in 2010) Lagos State Environmental Protection Agency Lagos State Environmental Sanitation Corp Development of a Draft Water and Sanitation Policy

14 HAS LAGOS STATE RECEIVED INCENTIVES FROM THE NATIONAL GOVERNMENT TO IMPLEMENT CLIMATE RELATED ACTIONS? NONE!

15 WHAT KIND OF INSTRUMENT OR INCENTIVES HAS, OR COULD LAGOS STATE USE TO ENABLE CHANGE AMONG LOCAL GOVERNMENT UNDER ITS JURISDICTION? Creation of Lagos State Council on Climate Change To administer and manage issues relating to Climate Change

16

17 SOME BARRIERS TO ACHIEVING EFFECTIVE MULTI-LEVEL GOVERNANCE IN COUNTRIES IN AFRICA Political differences and conflicts Lack of adequate human Capacity Institutional and Functional overlap Lack of access to knowledge and information Inadequate Community participation and buy-in Inadequate Political Commitments Lack of all-inclusive legislation Inadequate finance Absence of evidence-based data Language of Communicating Climate Change to the target audience

18 KEY FACTORS TO ADDRESS THE BARRIERS IDENTIFIED Harmonization of all existing Environmental laws Need for adequate and sustained Public education and sensitization programme Need for Public Policy engagement on Climate Change matters Need to set up Climate Change fund Need for tax holiday for the organised private sector to migrate to low carbon economy Investment in training, research and capacity development

19

20 LAUNCH OF CCC IN st Anniversary, ND ANNIVESARY, 2010

21 PUPILS PARTICIPATING IN SCHOOL BEAUTIFICATION PROJECT SCHOOL ADVOCACY PROGRAMME 22

22 ME AND MY TREE COMPETITION To Entrench The Spirit Of Environmental Protection On CC Club Members, The State Government introduced Me And My Tree Competition. It Is A Concept Where Uniform Seedlings Are Given To CC Club Members IN Secondary Schools To Plant And Nurture And The Owner Of The Most Nurtured Tree After One Year Is Rewarded By The State Government.

23 ME AND MY TREE, ONE YEAR ON

24 LAGOS STATE SUMMIT ON CLIMATE - Due to the high level of ignorance among our people about climate change, the Lagos State Government apart from media campaign has institutionalized annual Climate change summit. ONE OF THE PLENARY SESSIONS AT THE MAIDEN SUMMIT ON CLIMATE CHANGE, 2009

25 Contd.

26 One of the plenary sessions at the 3 rd Lagos State Summit on Climate Change, 2011

27 Now ADENIJI ADELE LOOP, LAGOS Befor 28

28 MARINA LAGOS Now Befor 29

29 MOBOLAJI BANK ANTHONY WAY, IKEJA Now Befor 30

30 Acquisition of trailer trucks used to convey waste from Transfer loading Station to landfill site

31

32

33

34 THANK YOU 35

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