Index. Cambridge University Press Regimes of Ethnicity and Nationhood in Germany, Russia, and Turkey Şener Aktürk.

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1 49s, s, 142 3, 148 Adenauer, Konrad, 28, 49 affirmative action, 4, 10 11, 14 17, 32, 43, 197, 199, 213, 230, 257, 272 Afghanistan, 165, 221 Ağuçan lodge, 139, 157, 188 Akdoğan, Yalçın, 190 AKP (Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi), 27, 37, 39 41, , 122, 139, 163 4, 176 8, 180, , 267, 277 Akseki, Ahmet Hamdi, 131 Akşener, Meral, 37, 120, 277 Alevi Initiative, 119, 147, 184 Alevi massacres, 160, 168, 172 Alevis, 16 18, 37 8, 40, , 124 6, , , 146, , 164, , 177, 185 8, 190 3, 277, 282, 285, 288 9, 291, 293 Ali, Ayaan Hirsi, 111 Alican, Ekrem, 142, 144 Altmaier, Peter, 102 ANAP (Anavatan Partisi), 122, 167, , 175 6, 192, 262 Andropov, Yuri, 12, 199, , 228, 255, 283, 288, Angolans, 92 Anwerbestopp, 52, 55 6, 63 4 AP (Adalet Partisi), 122, 144, 153, 156 7, 159, 161, 176 Apartheid, 30, 52, 85 Arabic, 4, 11, 39 40, , 125 6, 137, 155, 163 4, 173, 184, 189, 193 Arbeiterwohlfahrt, 56 Armenians, 17, 95, 123, 125, 131, 151, 155, 211, 228, 277 asabiyya, 179 Asylum Compromise, 93 4, 97 Atatürk, Mustafa Kemal, 39, 117, 123, , 132, 137 8, 140, 149, 159, 163, 165, 167, 174, 183, 292 atheism, 201 Aufenthaltsberechtigung, 68 9 Aushev, Ruslan, 248, 255 Ausländer, 74, 89 Ausländerbeauftragte, 30, 59, 92, 278 Ausländerfrage, 56 Aussiedler, 28, 65, 92 4 autochthonous minorities, 18 Avcı, Ramazan, 89 Aybar, Mehmet Ali, 150, 153, 160 Aykut, Abdüllatif, Azizoğlu, Dr, Yusuf, 141 2, 144, 146 8, 158 Baathism, 155, 271 Babagan, 130 Baden-Württemberg, 50, 62 Badıllı, Kemal, 147 8, 154, 281 Bagramov, Eduard, 206, 214, 217, 224 6, 287 Bahadınlı, Yusuf Ziya, 151, 153,

2 296 Bahçeli, Devlet, 178, 189 Bahners, Patrick, 111 Baran, Rıza, 28, 51, 56, 87, 90, 275 Barzani rebellion, 149 Bashkirs, 32, 36, 207, 235, 240, 244, Bashkortostan, 20, 233, 240, 247, Basque country, 43, 272 Bayar, Celal, 133 4, 142 Baykal, Deniz, 175, 189, 191 BBP (Büyük Birlik Partisi), 120 BDP (Barış ve Demokrasi Partisi), Beck, Marieluise, 15, 32, 67, 102 3, 107, 111, 275, 281, 290 Bekaroğlu, Mehmet, 37, 39, 170 1, 173 4, 188 9, 277 Bekata, Hıfzı Oğuz, Bektashi, 130, 139, 187 Belarus, 4, 197, Beleid Tourismus, 95 Belgium, 239 Beş YolDüşkünü. See Five Fallen Ones Betriebsrat, 28, 57 Bild, 52 Bilgin, Zülküf, 142 Blair, Tony, 43, 272 BLK (Bund Länder Kommission), 30, 47, 59, 62 4, 66, 71 2, 75 6, 81, 97, 100, 107 Bosnians, 4, 40, , 126, 163 4, 182, 184 5, 190, 193 Brandt, Willy, 53 5, 58, 64, 67, 72 Breivik, Anders Behring, 270 Bremen, 62, 91 Brezhnev, Leonid, 34, , , 219, 223, 226, 228 9, 234, 281 Britain, 9, 43, 49, 193, 197 8, 227, 264, 272, 285, Broder, Henryk, 111 Bromlei, Yulian, 224, 238 brotherhood of peoples/nations, 23, 37, 122, 151, 155, 160, 202, 206 biratiya gelan, 37, 155 druzhba narodov, 23, 155, 206, halkların kardeşliği, 122, 151 Brubaker, Rogers, 3, 7, 9, 13 15, 22, 50, 119, 282 Brudny, Yitzhak, 242 Bucak, Faik, 143, 149, 277 Bucak, Mustafa Remzi, 141 Bucak, Sertaç, 37, 142, 277 buffer function, 51 Bund Länder Kommission. See BLK (Bund Länder Kommission) Bundesverfassungsgericht (BVG), 91 Bundesvertriebenengesetz, 14, 278 Bündnis türkische Einwanderer, 31, 89, 91 Burlatsky, Fyodor, 211, 222, 276 Bürsch, Michael, 32, 56, 103, 275 Buryats, 36, 235, 254 Caliphate, 132 Canada, 7, 16 17, 42, 104, 129, 193, 227, 239, 283, 285 Caritas, 56 Catalonia, 43, 264, 272 Caucasus, 179, 182, 235, 237, 251 CDU/CSU (Christian Democratic Union/Christian Social Union), 27 30, 32, 40, 49 1, 53 7, 61 72, 74 83, 85 8, , , 262, 267, 275 CDU/CSU-FDP coalition, 74 5, 83, 91, 111 CDU/CSU-SPD coalition, 53 Cem Foundation, 188 Cemal, Hasan, 166, 178 Cemevi, 40, 168, 172, Central Asia, 16, 210, 232, 237, 241, 279, 282 Central Asian republics, 36, 210, 232, 280 Central Committee of the CPSU, 34, 203, , 220, 222 4, 234, 277 CFA. SeeCommissioner of Foreigners Affairs (of Germany) CHA (Comparative historical analysis), 25 Chechen War (First), Chechen-Ingushetia, 254 Chechens, 4, 197, 211, 233, , 242 4, 254, 283 Chechnya, 20, 230, 233, 235, 239, 243 4, 287, 292 3

3 297 CHP (Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi), 40, 119, 129, , 142, , 151, 156 7, 160 2, 164 5, 170, 175, 177, 180, 183, 186, 189, 191 Christian Europe, 270 Chuvash, 240 Chuvashia, 254 Circassians, 4, 39 40, , 132, 144, 163 4, 173 5, 182, 184, , 193 CKMP (Cumhuriyetçi Köylü Millet Partisi), 143, 146 Cold War, 24, 156, 265 Cologne, mosque controversy, 109 coming together. See sblizhenie commando operations, 153 Commission of the Federation and the States. SeeBLK (Bund Länder Kommission) Commissioner of Foreigners Affairs (of Germany), 29 30, 32, 58, 75, 92, 97 8, 102, 107, 275, 278 community of descent, 14 community of fate, 48, 91 Congress of People s Deputies, 238, 292 conservative democrat, 190 consociation, 13, 198 Cordoba, 270 Coşan, İsmail Hakkı, 87 CPRF (Communist Party of the Russian Federation), 242 3, 256, 262 CPSU (Communist Party of the Soviet Union), 23, 33 4, 201, 205 6, 215, 220, 224 5, 277, 283, 288 Crimean Tatars, 4, 197, 283 critical juncture, 41 2, 108 Cubans, 92 Cumhuriyet mitingleri. See Republican demonstrations CUP (Committee of Union and Progress), 120, 184 Czech Republic, 97 Çamuroğlu, Reha, 37, 139, 156, 186 8, 277 Çelebi, Cemalettin, 130, 139 Çelebi, Sevim, 87 8 Çetin, Hikmet, 171 Çınar, Safter, xx xxi, 3, 29, 31, 53, 58 9, 71, 82 3, 90 2, 106, 275 Dagestan, 247, 254 Danes, 14 15, 48, 77, 208 DDKO (Devrimci Doğu Kültür Ocakları), 154 Dedegan, 130 DEHAP (Demokratik Halk Partisi), 176 7, 181, 185 6, 189, 277 Demirel, Süleyman, 159, 171, 178 Democratic Choice of Russia, 243 Democratic Leftist Party. SeeDSP (Demokratik Sol Parti) Democratic Party. SeeDP (Demokrat Parti) Democratic People s Party. SeeDEHAP (Demokratik Halk Partisi) derin devlet, 172 Dersim, 130 2, 148, 172 Deutschland schafft sich ab, 110, 290 DGB (Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund), 28, 31, 53, 58, 90 1, 275 DGM. SeeState Security Court Diakonisches Werk, 56 Dicle, Hatip, 172 Dink, Hrant, 95 Doğan, Avni, 147 Doğan, Hüseyin, 139 Doğan, İzzettin, 188 Doğan, Orhan, 172 double-citizenship, 67, Dönme, 123, 281 DP (Demokrat Parti), 27, 37, 119, 133 4, 138 DRA (Directorate of Religious Affairs), 131 2, 149, 153, 168 DSP (Demokratik Sol Parti), 175 DTP (Demokratik Toplum Partisi), 37, 117, 119, 180, 182, 190 1, 277 Dündar, Fuat, 6, 16, 120 DYP (Doğru Yol Partisi), 37 8, , 174, 192, 277 DYP-SHP coalition, 27, 38, 171 2, 175, 192 Ecevit, Bülent, 119, 142, 144, 160, 164, 175, 178 economic paradigm, 200

4 298 EEC (European Economic Community), 21 Efendiler, 157 Einwanderer, 89 Einwanderungsland, 29, 52, 59, 63, 70, 86, 100, 281, 288 Ekinci, Mustafa, 141 Ekinci, Tarık Ziya, 37, 151, 154 Elçi, Şerafettin, 4, 118 elite learning, 21 Elmalı, İbrahim, 155 Emre, Süleyman Arif, 161 Enkol, Jörg, 90 Erbakan, Necmettin, 38 9, 161, 164, 173 4, 178 9, 282, 290 Erdem, Mahmut, 3 Erdoğan, Recep Tayyip, 178, 180, 190, 265 Estonia, 209, 233 ethnic and civic nationalism, 7 ethnic autonomous territories, 32, 199, 232 ethnic federalism, 10 12, 14, 17, 24, 142, 152, 162, 211, 213, , 222 3, 230 1, 255 ethnic Russian, 32, 36, , 221 2, 228, 232, 235 6, 238, 242, 244, , 253, 257 ethnicists/tribalists. See kavmiyetçi ethnic-priority immigration, 10, 14, 16, 21 ethnogenesis, 200 ethnographic paradigm, 200, 215 EU (European Union), 20 1, 41 2, 64, 91, 97, 165, 176, 187, 235, European Parliament, 20, 31, 75, 87 8, 275 European Union membership, 21, 41 family of nations, 206 family reunion, 29, 71 fascism, 190, 205 FDP (Free Democratic Party), 27 32, 40, 47, 53 6, 61 72, 74 6, 81, 83, 87 8, 91 5, , 107 9, 111, 142, 276 Federal Constitutional Court. See Bundesverfassungsgericht (BVG) Felicity Party. See SP (Saadet Partisi) fifth line, 200, 235 Fink, Ulf, 81 Fırat, Abdülmelik, 140 Fırat, Mir Dengir Mehmet, 183 Fischer, Joschka, 30, 52, 85 6, 95, 104 Five Fallen Ones, 159 Flucht, 48, 280 FP (Fazilet Partisi), 277 France, 3, 6, 13 14, 16, 21 2, 27, 43 4, 49 50, 109, 119, 123, 125, 163, 178, 189, 193, 264, 270 1, 281 2, 286 7, 291, 293 Frenkel, Aleksandr, , 257 Freudenberg Foundation, 98 Frey, Frederick, 136 Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, 98 Friedrich, Hans-Peter, 110 Frisians, 14 15, 48, 77, 208 Funcke, Liselotte, 30, 75, 92, 278 Gagauz, 124, 276 gastarbeiter. See guest workers Gazi events. SeeAlevi massacres GDR (German Democratic Republic), 49, 92 4, 96 Geißler, Heiner, 102 Gellner, Ernest, 19 20, 22, 42, Genscher, Hans Dietrich, 54 5, 61 German Labor Union. SeeDGB (Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund) Giordano, Ralph, 111 Goldstone, Jack, 25 Gorbachev, Mikhail, 34, 219, 222 3, 229, 231, 276, 282, 284, 287 GP (Güven Partisi), 153 Great Unity Party. SeeBBP (Büyük Birlik Partisi) Greece, xxii, 28, 44, 47, 51, 56, 61, 77, 79, 107, 124, 263, 284 Greeks, 7, 57, 78 9, 125, 131 2, 222 Green Card initiative, 112 Green Party, 28, 30 2, 40, 51, 55, 67, 75 6, 82 3, 85 90, 92, 94 5, , 107 8, 111, 113, 155, 267, 269, 275 Greens. SeeGreen Party guest workers, 29, 31, 47, 51 2, 54 5, 58, 60 1, 68, 79 80, 84, 96 7, 113 Gulamov, Günay, Ertuğrul, 190

5 299 Gündem, 189 Güneş, Turan, 142 Güney, Yılmaz, Gürsel, Cemal, 144 Haas, Ernst, 185 Hacı Bektaş Veli, 130 1, 139, 157, 187 HAK-PAR (Hak ve Özgürlükler Partisi), 37, 142, 277 Hamburg, 31, 61 2, 89, 91, 287 Heidelberg Manifesto, 30, 79 80, 83, 100, 285 Heinrich Boll Stiftung, 98 Hemshin, 152 HEP (Halkın Emek Partisi), 170, 172 Hikmet, Nazım, 185, Hirsch, Dr., Burkhard, 76 historical institutionalism, 25, 266 Holocaust, 48, 81 Holzberger, Mark, 31, 87, 95, 275 HP (Halkçı Parti), 167 HP (Hürriyet Partisi), 141 2, 147 Huguenots, 109 Hüber, Carsten, 102 IDP (Islahatçı Demokrasi Partisi), IEA (Institute of Ethnology and Anthropology), 34, 224 5, 237 8, IG Metall, 90 IGI (Initiativkreis Gleichberechtigung und Integration/Eşit Haklar ve Toplumsal Uyuşum Çalışma Grubu), 31, 84 İHD (İnsan Hakları Derneği), 172 İkinci Cumhuriyetçiler. See Second Republicanists İkinci Grup. See Second Group IML (Institute of Marxism-Leninism), 224, 226, 238 India, 7, 16, 43, 104, 197 8, 227, 239, 271 2, 288 Ingush, 36 Ingushetia, 247, 251, 255 İnönü, İsmet, 133 7, 146, 148 9, 160, 171 institutional layering, 68 internatsionalizm, 33, 214, 216 İskilipli Atıf Hoca, 183 Islamism, 38, 119, 162, 166, 169, 174, 192 ispat hakkı, 141 Italy, 28, 47, 51, 55 6, 61, 123, 192, 289 Japan, 6, 109, 192, 271 Jelpke, Ulla, 102 Jews, 4, 17 18, 32, 35 6, 39, 48, 50, 70, 77, 123, 140, 173, 197, 228, 230, 234 5, 242, 244, 248, 250, 256, 262, 289 John, Barbara, 32, 57, 275 Joppke, Christian, 21 jus soli, 101, 105 Justice and Development Party. SeeAKP (Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi) Justice Party. See AP (Adalet Partisi) Kabardino-Balkaria, 247, 252, 254 Kabardins, 207 Kahramanmaraş massacre. SeeAlevi massacres Kalmyks, 249 Kansu, Nurettin, 160 kavmiyetçi, 179 Kazakhs, 32, 210 Kazakhstan, 10, 94, 113, 202, 207, 210, 232, 282, 284, 286 Kelek, Necla, 111 Kemalism, 37 9, 123, 131, 133 4, 136 7, 141, 143, 158, 160, 165, 177, 183, 190, 264 Keskin, Hakkı, 28 9, 31, 50 1, 53, 58, 82, 88 90, 95, 97, 103 4, 108, 275, 286 KGB (State Security Commitee), 220 3, 228 Khasbulatov, Ruslan, 242, 282 Khrushchev, Nikita, 33 4, 56, 150, , 204 6, , 220 4, 228 9, 235 6, 276, 281 2, 286, 289, Education Laws of , 201, 212, 281 Khrushchev, Sergei, 34, 211, 216, 235, 276, 289

6 300 Kılıçdaroğlu, Kemal, 191 Koch, Roland, 101, 266 Koçgiri rebellion, 130 Kohen, Moiz, 123 Kohl, Helmut, 30, 74, 76, 81 3, 86, 92, 95, 110 Kohn, Hans, 7, 9, 13, 286 Kolat, Kenan, 28 9, 53, 56, 58, 81, 89 90, 276 Koreans, 92, 228 Köylüoğlu, Azimet, 171 Kreuzberg, 28, 51, 76, 275 Kriegsfolgenberechtigungsgesetz, 14 Kulichenko, Mikhail, 211, 214, 217, 224 6, 236, 238, 287 Kurdish language, 41, 154, 172, 175, 184 Kurdish opening, 40, 185, 191 Kurdish revolts, 132 Kurdish-speaking Alevis, 16, 129 Kurdism, 147, 149 Kurt, Abdurrahman, 189 Kutlay, Naci, 37, 132 3, 140, 144, 147, 152, 277, 287 Kühn, Heinz, 27, 29 30, 47, 58 62, 71 2, 75 6, 84, 100, 150, 278, 287 Kürdistan Teali Cemiyeti, 132 Kürt Açılımı. See Kurdish opening Kyrgyzstan, 232, 282 Lafontaine, Oskar, 90, 95 Latin America, 140, 271 Latvia, 209, 212, 233, 286 Laurin, Hanna, 81 Laurischk, Sibylle, 32, 67, 276 Law of 1913 (in Germany), 13 14, 28, 105 LDPR (Liberal Democratic Party of Russia), 243 Left Party (of Germany), 28 Leitkultur, , 287 Lenin, Vladimir Ilich, 197, 199, 201, 207 9, 211, 226, 265 Leninism, 208 9, 264 Leutheusser-Schnarrenberger, Sabine, 111 Liberty Party. SeeHP Lower Saxony, 62, 87 Macedonians, 117 mahrumiyet bölgesi (destitute region), 151 Marr, Nikolai, 200, 291 Marx, Anthony, 22 Marx, Karl, 25, 51, 209 Marxist-Leninist, 11, 38, 154, 166, 205, 271, 282 Mazlum-Der, 172, 185 MDP (Milliyetçi Demokrasi Partisi), 167 Medina Contract, 38, 173 Melen, Ferit, 133 melting pot, 78, 104, 109, 202, 208, 215, 224, 227, 247 memnu mıntıka (forbidden zone), 133 Menderes, Adnan, 137 8, 142 3, 146 Menemen incidents, 141 Merkel, Angela, 89, 110 MHP (Milliyetçi Hareket Partisi), 37, 41, 85, 107, 120, 170 1, 175 6, 178, 180, 189, 191, 262, 277 Migrationsreport, 98 militant atheist propaganda, 201 military coup of 1980 in Turkey, 4, 38, 85, , 148, 160 1, 164 7, 192 millet (religious community/nation), 131 milli bakiye, 144 Milli Görüş, 174, 282 Mill s method of agreement, 5 Mill s method of disagreement, 5 Moğultay, Mehmet, 171 Moldova, 124, 236 Morocco, 51, 56 Most Different Systems Analysis, 5 6 Mozambicans, 49 Mölln, 95 MSP (Milli Selamet Partisi), 85, 143 4, 161 2, 164, 166, 169 Muğlalı, Mustafa, 141 muhacır, 120 muhafazakar demokrat. See conservative democrat

7 301 Mukhitdinov, Nuritdin, 204, 206 multicultural citizenship, 13 multiculturalism, 21, 30, 38, 104, 110, 122, 161 2, 177, 180, 193, 216, 270 Munich Olympics, 67 mücerred (celibate), 130 Nagy, Imre, 221 narod, 33, 198, , , , 224, 226, 236, 238 9, 284, Nationalist Action Party. SeeMHP NATO, 58, 137, 159 natsiia, 197, 202, 211, 214, 217, 239, 254 Nazism, 50, brown dictatorship, 86 National Socialism, 48, 50, 54, 65, 68, 91, 94 National Socialist dictatorship, 14 National Socialist Foreigners Police Regulation of 1938, 86 National Socialist regime, 50 Nazi Germany, 203, 264 Nazi regime, 58, 68 Netherlands, The, 21, 270, 286 new historic community of people, 33, 205 New Turkey Party. SeeYTP New Union Treaty, 241 Niyazi, Salih, 130, 154 norm diffusion, 262 North Ossetia, 254 North Rhine Westphalia, 58, 61 2, 69, 76 Norway, 54 NRW. SeeNorth Rhine Westphalia Nusayris (Arab Alevis), 129 oblast, 219, 254 Oil Shock of 52, 161 okrug, 254 Oktay, Seyfi, 171 Olayı,Dr.,Şivan, 147 Olderog, Dr., Rolf, 76 8, 85 6 Oligarchs, 35, 234, Onur, Leyla, 87 8 Optionsmodell, 102, 104 Orbay, Rauf, 183 Ortaca incidents, 155 Ottoman Empire, 120, 132, 136, 149, 270, 281 Öcalan, Abdullah, 166, 289 Öger, Vural, 88, 108 Özal, Turgut, 21 Özdemir, Cem, 87 8, 111, 124, 155, 269, 289 Palermo, 270 pan-islamism, 184 Papa Eftim, 124 passive secularism, 143, 177 path dependence, 41 2 Penner, Dr., Friedrich, 29, 63 People s Labor Party. SeeHEP Pierson, Paul, xix, 24, 289 PKK (Partiya Karkerên Kurdistan), 24, 38 9, 119, 126, 133, 138, 160, 166 7, 170, 172 3, 185, , 192 3, 281 Poland, 28, 64, 78, 81, 97, 224, 276 Polatkan, Hasan, 143 Polish, 78 9 Poltoranin, Mikhail, 240 Portugal, 47, 51, 56, 61, 79 Portuguese, 15, 78 9 post-modern coup, 174, 177 Protestantism, 6, 56 7, 78, 109, 140, 271 Punished Peoples, 201 Putin, Vladimir, 220, 233 4, 241, 245, 251 6, 267, 283, RAF, 67 rastsvet, , 226 Rat für Migration, 31, 62, 97 8, 276 Rau, Johannes, 98 Red Army Faction. SeeRAF Reformist Democracy Party. SeeIDP Republican demonstrations, 186 Republican Peasant Nation Party. See CKMP Republican People s Party. SeeCHP Reunification, 20, 95 Revolutionary Eastern Cultural Hearths. See DDKO RfM. See Rat für Migration

8 302 Rogachev, 33, 198, 210, 217, 224, 236 Roma, 14 15, 48, 77, 208 Romania, 10, 64, 124 Rossia, 238 Rossian nation, 231, 257 Rostock, 95 rotation principle, 51 2 Röttgen, Norbert, 102 RP (Refah Partisi), 37 9, 85, 165, , 173 4, 178, 277 Ruhr Poles, 109 Russian Civil War, 11, 237 Russkii, 208, 238 Rutskoi, Aleksandr, 242, 282 Rückkehrbereitschaft, 59, 68, 71, 81 Rückkehrhilfe, 82 3 Sakık, Sırrı, 172 Sakwa, Richard, 15 16, 255 Sammellager, 65 Sarrazin, Thilo, Saving Jerusalem demonstrations, 166 sblizhenie, 225 6, 239 Scharping, Rudolf, 90 Scheinasylant, 65 Schickler, Eric, 68 9 Schicksalsgemeinschaft. See (community of fate) Schiffauer, Werner, xx, 31, 98, 276 Schily, Otto, 32, 102 Schleswig-Holstein, 14, 48, 56, 62, 91, 275 Schmalz-Jacobsen, Cornelia, 15, 32, 67, 92, 275, 290 Schmidt, Helmut, 58, 90, 290 Schröder, Gerhard, 265 Schumacher, Kurt, 54 Schwarzer, Alice, 111 Scotland, 42 3, 264, 272 Scottish, 9 Second Group, 183 Second Republicanists, 40, 177 Second World War, 4, 28, 48, 91, 200, 203, 206, 211, 265, 289, 293 secularism, 137, 140, 143, 168, 174, securitization, 24, 72, 133, 166 7, 176 segregation, 12, 38, 52, 60, 84, 112, 120 sem ia narodov. See family of nations Serbian Patriarchate, 117 Serbs, 117 Sezgin, İsmet, 171 Sheik Sait rebellion, 183 Shiite, 3, 16, 128, 130, 166 SHP (Sosyal Demokrat Halkçı Parti), 27, 38, 119, 165, , 175, Sivas camp, 143 Slezkine, Yuri, xix xx, 15, 35, 200 Slovakia, 263, 272 Slovenian, 9 Social Democratic Populist Party. See SHP socialist melting pot, 202 SODEP (Sosyal Demokrat Parti), 167 Solingen, 95 Sorb, 14 15, 49 South Africa, 22, 53, 85 6, 288 sovetskaia natsiia. See Soviet identity (ethnicity) sovetskaia rodina. See Soviet identity (motherland) sovetskie liudi. See Soviet identity (people) sovetskii chelovek. See Soviet identity (person) sovetskii narod. See Soviet identity (people) Soviet identity Soviet ethnicity, , 225, 252, 256 Soviet motherland, Soviet patriotism, 204, 218 Soviet people, 14, 198, 202 5, 214, 218, 224, Soviet person, 204 5, 216, 218 SP (Saadet Partisi), 277 Spain, 24, 28, 43, 47, 51, 56, 61, 79, 193, 227, 239, 264, 272, 282, 291 SPD (Social Democratic Party of Germany), 27 9, 31 2, 40, 47, 51, 53 6, 58, 61 72, 75 6, 81, 85 90, 92 5, , 107 9, 111, 113, 142, 262, 266 7, 275 SPD-FDP coalition, 27 Spheres of Justice. See Walzer, Michael Stalin, Joseph, 33 4, 166, 197, , 205, 211, 215, 218, 223 4, 226, 230, 238, 250, 256, 281, 291, 293

9 303 Stammtisch, 86 Starovoitova, Galina, 36, 235 State Security Court, 170, Sultan Abdulhamid, 184 Sunni Islam, 132, 271 Sunni orthodoxy, 131 Supreme Soviet, 36, 209, 222, 240 3, 276, 292 Süssmuth Commission, 62, Süssmuth, Rita, 102, 107 Sweden, 54, 85 Switzerland, 44, 269, 292 Tahtacıs, 155 Tatars, 6, 18, 32, 36, 120, 235, 244, 249 Tatarstan, 20, , 232 3, 240, 243, 247, 250 2, 254 TBP (Türkiye Birlik Partisi), 37, 143 4, 151, Tekdal, Ahmet, 178 Tekin, Gürsel, 191 Tekinalp, Munis. SeeKohen, Moiz Thelen, Kathleen, 68 Timisi, Mustafa, 159 TİP (Türkiye İşçi Partisi), 143, , 162, 277 Tishkov, Valery, 34, 36, 225, 229, 231, 235, 237, 239, 250, 256, 277 titular ethnic group, 12, 36, 232, 235, 241, 253, 254 TKDP (Türkiye Kürdistan Demokrat Partisi), 149, 277 Tören, Serkan, 111 TRT, xxi, 4, 41, 118, 163 4, 184, 189 Trust Party. SeeGP Tunisia, 47, 51, 56 Turkey s Kurdistan Democratic Party. See TKDP Turkey s Labor Party. SeeTİP Turkey s Unity Party. SeeTBP Turkish-Islamic Synthesis, 165 Turkmen, Ilter, 165 Turkmenistan, 16, 232 Tuva, 233, 254 Türk, Ahmet, 189 Türkiyelilik, 180 Ukraine, 4, 35, 197, 204, , 232, 234, 236 7, Ukrainians, 6, 211 Ulusoy family, 146, Ulusoy, Şahin, 171 Ulusoy, Yusuf, 139 ummah, 39, 161, 173 4, 178, 180, 267 Unbefristete Aufenthaltserlaubnis, 68 9 Union republic, 15, 33 4, , 230, 233, 238 United States, 22, 24, 43 4, 49, 78, 104, 109, 140, 152, 165 6, 178, 208, 214, 227, 239, 272, 281, 285, USAID, 137 Uzbek Communist Party, 206 Uzbekistan, 204, 227, 232, 279 Ünsal, Ahmet Faruk, 185 Verwaltungsvorschrift, 71 Vielvölkerstaat, 64, 103 Vietnam War, 52 Vietnamese, 49, 93 Virgin Lands Project, 33 Virtue Party. See FP (Fazilet Partisi) Vogel, Hans Johann, 90 Vol skii, Arkadii, 12, 219 Volk, 49, 79 80, 208 volkisch notion of nationhood, 99 Wales, 43, 272 Walzer, Michael, 52, 293 War of Liberation (Turkey s), 129, 132, 142 WASP. See White-Anglo-Saxon-Protestants Weber, Max, 8 9, 16, 119, 128, 209, 293 Weimar Republic, 14 Welfare Party. SeeRP Wendig, Dr., Friedrich, 63 White-Anglo-Saxon-Protestants, 78 Working Group for Equal Rights and Integration. SeeIGI World War I, 265 Wulff, Christian, 111 Yakuts, 207 Yeltsin, Boris, 34 6, 40, 201, 220, 223, 229, 231, 233 5, 237 8, 240, 242 6, 251 3, 256 7, 267, 276, 280, 282

10 304 Yıldırım, Binali, 186 YTP (Yeni Türkiye Partisi), 37, , 158, 160 1, 169 Yugoslavia, 16, 47, 51, 61, 67 8, 77, 79, 197 8, 291 Yugoslavs, 15, 48, 78, 91 Zana, Leyla, 172 Zaza, 4, 12, 40, , 127, 163 4, 171, 178, 184, 190, 193 Zhirinovsky, Vladimir, 243, 256 Zimanas, 33, Zimmerman, Friedrich, 75 Zorlu, Fatin Rüştü, 143 Zyuganov, Gennady, 36, 40, 240, 244 5, 256

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