Terminology and acronyms - trilingual. Revised Edition

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1 Terminology and acronyms - trilingual Revised Edition Geneva

2 2 December 2014 ITC TERMINOLOGY 2

3 AAA. A4T Aid for Trade Aide pour le commerce Ayuda para el Comercio AAA American Arbitration Association AAA Association américaine d arbitrage (Source: AAA Asociación Americana de Arbitraje (Source: AAACP AAACP AAACP AAPA AAPA AATPO AOAPC AOAPC ABAC All African Caribbean Pacific Agricultural Commodities Programme All ACP Agricultural Commodities Programme Programme Tous ACP relatif aux produits de base agricoles Programa de apoyo a los productos básicos agrícolas de todos los países ACP (source: Annual Report 2009) American Association of Port Authorities Association américaine des autorités portuaires (Source: EURODICAUTOM) Asociación Americana de Autoridades Portuarias (Source: Association of African Trade Promotion Organizations (Source: Jiamcatt) Association des organisations africaines de promotion commerciale (Source:Jiamcatt) Asociación de Organizaciones Africanas de Promoción Comercial (Source: Jiamcatt) APEC Business Advisory Council (consists of 3 business representatives from each APEC member) Conseil consultatif des entreprises de l'apec (propo. UNTERM 2010) Consejo de Cooperación Económica en Asia y el Pacífico (UNTERM 2010) About (CAL) Aproximadamente (CAL) About (CMA) Aproximadamente (CMA) ACABQ CCQAB CCAAP ACC CCA CAC Advisory Committee on Administrative and Budgetary Questions (of the United Nations) Comité consultatif pour les questions administratives et budgétaires (Source: UN terminology) Comisión Consultiva en Asuntos Administrativos y de Presupuesto (Source: UN terminology) Arab Cooperation Council (created in 1989: Egypt, Iraq, Jordan and the then North Yemen) Conseil de coopération arabe (Source: UN terminology) Consejo Árabe de Cooperación (Source: UN terminology) acceptance acceptation aceptación ACCESS! for African Businesswomen in International Trade (http://www.womenexporters.com/) ACCES! au commerce international pour les femmes d affaires africaines (http://www.femmesexportatrices.com/index.php) ACCESO! al comercio internacional para mujeres de negocios africanas (as per S. Turrel ) accepting bank; confirming bank banque d'acceptation (banque acceptante WTO Glossary 1996); banque confirmatrice banco aceptante, (banco comercial de negocios WTO Glossary 1996); banco confirmante 3

4 2 December 2014 ITC TERMINOLOGY accepting house casa aceptante accounting rate In telecommunications, the charge made by one country s telephone network operator for calls originating in another country. taxe de répartition Taxe perçue par l opérateur du réseau téléphonique d un pays pour les appels en provenance d un autre pays. taux comptable WTO Glossary 1996 tasa de distribución Tarifa que cobra la compañía de explotación de la red telefónica de un país por las llamadas procedentes de otro país. (Tipo de cambio para fines contables WTO Glossary 1996) ACP African, Caribbean and Pacific States (associated with EEC) Pays d'afrique, des Caraïbes et du Pacifique (associés à la Communauté économique européenne CEE) also: États d'afrique, des Caraïbes et du Pacifique {Source: UN Lexique général, 1991) Países de África, el Caribe y el Pacifico (asociados con la CEE); (Source: GATT, Glosario inglés español) Also: African, Caribbean and Pacific (Group of States) (Source: TDR 1990) WTO terminology: African, Caribbean and Pacific Group (Lome Convention) Groupe des pays africains, des Caraïbes et du Pacifique (Convention de Lomé) Grupo de Estados de África, el Caribe y el Pacífico (Convenio de Lomé) also: African, Caribbean and Pacific countries Pays d Afrique, des Caraïbes et du Pacifique (environ 70 pays) ACPC APPC APPC Association of Coffee-Producing Countries (Coffee Guide: Supplement) Association des pays producteurs de café (source: as above) Asociación de Países Productores de Café (source: as above) actual gross weight poids brut effectif peso bruto actual net weight poids net effectif peso neto actuals effectif; produit physique; le physique mercancía física; mercancía actual; efectiva; producto físico actual total loss perte totale effective pérdida total efectiva ADB African Development Bank BAD Banque africaine de développement BAD Banco Africano de Desarrollo ADFIAP ADFIAP ADFIAP Association of Development Finance Institutions in Asia and the Pacific (Source: ADFIAP website) Association d Asie et du Pacifique des institutions de financement du développement (Source: UN terminology) Asociación de Instituciones Financieras de Desarrollo del Asia y el Pacífico (Source: UN terminology) 4

5 ADFIP Association of Development Finance Institutions in the Pacific (Source: JAG draft 1993; confirmed with Claude Cellich) ad personam a título personal Working in a personal capacity, not representing anyone (applies to TMB members) Actuación a título personal y no a título de representante (rige para los miembros del OST) ad valorem bill of lading connaissement ad valorem conocimiento de embarque ad valorem ad valorem duty droit (de douane) ad valorem (WTO Glossary 1996) derecho (de aduana) ad valorem; arancel ad valorem (WTO Glossary 1996) adjuster ajustador adjustment règlement de sinistre ou d'avarie (Ajustement, adaptation, correctif, rectification; règlement d avarie (maritime); liquidation (de créances); aménagement (de droits, taxes) WTO Glossary 1996) ajuste, reajuste, reconversión; arreglo, adaptación; tasación, liquidación (de averías); reglaje, puesta a punto, regulación; prorrateo (pérdidas o ganancias), tasación y liquidación (comercio), tasación (seguros) (WTO Glossary 1996) ADR alternative dispute resolution ADR règlement alternatif des différends SAC solución alternativa de controversias adulteration adultération adulteración advance freight fret payable d'avance flete por anticipado advances against shipping documents avances contre remise des documents anticipos contra los documentos de embarque advising bank banque notificatrice banco notificador AERCE Spanish purchasing association (Source: JAG documents 1999) National association representing purchasing and materials management professionals (Source: AERCE website 2006) AERCE Asociación Española de Profesionales de Compras, Contratación y Aprovisionamientos (Source: AERCE website 2006) AERCE Association espagnole d achats (Source: JAG documents 1999) AFCASOLE Association of Soluble Coffee Manufacturers of the EEC AFCASOLE Association des fabricants de café soluble de pays de la CEE Asociación de Fabricantes de Café Soluble de la CEE AFCC Association française du commerce des cacaos AFD Agence Français de Développement (source AFD website) AFD Agence Français de Développement (French Development Agency) 5

6 2 December 2014 ITC TERMINOLOGY AFD Agencia Francesa de Desarrollo affreightment affrètement fletamento; póliza de fletamento AFLAI African Federation of Leather and Allied Industries (Source: ITC/AG(XXXIV)/185) AFLAI Fédération africaine du cuir et des industries associées (Source: JAG documents 1999) AFLAI Federación Africana de Industrias del Cuero e Industrias Conexas (Source: JAG documents 1999) afloat sous voile, flottant (transp. marit.) (WTO Glossary 1996) a flote, a bordo (mercancía embarcada y en ruta hacia su destino) (Source: WTO website) afloat cocoa cacao a flote AFMANENA AFMANENA AFMANENA Agricultural Food Marketing Association for the Near East and North Africa Association de commercialisation des produits agricoles et alimentaires pour le Proche- Orient et l'afrique du Nord (source: FAO - C 2003/INF/14) Asociación de comercialización agrícola y de alimentos en el Cercano Oriente y África del Norte (source: FAO - C 2003/INF/14) AFNOR AFOPDA Association française de normalisation French Standards Association Asociación Francesa de Normalización (Source: EURODICAUTOM) African Oil Palm Development Association Association africaine pour le développement du palmier à huile (ADPH) AFREXIMBANK African Export-Import Bank (Source: Cooperation Agreement with ITC, Feb. 1997) Banque africaine d'import-export (Source: UN terminology) Banco Africano de Exportación e Importación (Source: UN terminology) AFTA ASEAN Free Trade Area The Agreement establishing the Area includes a Common Effective Preferential Tariffs (CEPT) scheme for AFTA, the CEPT product profile and institutional arrangements. Zone de libre-échange des pays de l'asean (Source: UNTERM) Zona de Libre Comercio de la Asociación de Naciones del Asia Sudoriental (Source: UNTERM) Notified to WTO Committee on Trade and Development in against actuals échange effectif contre terme; échange contre terme contado contra futuro (Source: UN terminology) Agenda 21 The Agenda for the 21st Century. A declaration from the 1992 Earth Summit (United Nations Conference on the Environment and Development) held in Rio. Action 21 Programme d action pour le XXIe siècle. Déclaration faite au Sommet Planète terre. Programa 21 El Programa para el siglo XXI. Declaración hecha en la Cumbre para la Tierra Agenda for the Future Programme pour l avenir Programa de Actuación AGI Association of Ghana Industries (Source: JAG documents 1999) AGI Association des industries ghanéennes (Source: JAG documents 1999) AGI Asociación de Industrias de Ghana (Source: JAG documents 1999) AGOA African Growth and Opportunity Act (United States) 6

7 African Growth and Opportunity Act (Loi sur la croissance et les possibilités économiques en Afrique) (Source: UNTERM) Ley sobre Crecimiento y Oportunidad en África (Source: UNTERM) Agreement on Agriculture Accord sur l agriculture Acuerdo sobre la Agricultura Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization Accord de Marrakech instituant l Organisation mondiale du commerce Acuerdo de Marrakech por el que se Establece la Organización Mundial del Comercio Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures Accord sur l application des mesures sanitaires et phytosanitaires Acuerdo sobre la Aplicación de Medidas Sanitarias y Fitosanitarias Agreement on Government Procurement Accord sur les marchés publics Acuerdo sobre Contratación Pública Agreement on Implementation of Article VI of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 Accord sur la mise en oeuvre de l article VI de l Accord général sur les tarifs douaniers et le commerce de 1994 Acuerdo relativo a la Aplicación del Artículo VI del Acuerdo General sobre Aranceles Aduaneros y Comercio de 1994 Agreement on Implementation of Article VII of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 Accord sur la mise en oeuvre de l article VII de l Accord général sur les tarifs douaniers et le commerce de 1994 Acuerdo relativo a la Aplicación del Artículo VII del Acuerdo General sobre Aranceles Aduaneros y Comercio de 1994 Agreement on Import Licensing Procedures Accord sur les procédures en matière de licences d importation Acuerdo sobre Procedimientos para el Trámite de Licencias de Importación Agreement on Preshipment Inspection Accord sur l inspection avant expédition Acuerdo sobre Inspección Previa a la Expedición Agreement on Rules of Origin Accord sur les règles d origine Acuerdo sobre Normas de Origen Agreement on Safeguards Accord sur les sauvegardes Acuerdo sobre Salvaguardias Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures Accord sur les subventions et les mesures compensatoires Acuerdo sobre Subvenciones y Medidas Compensatorias Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade Accord sur les obstacles techniques au commerce Acuerdo sobre Obstáculos Técnicos al Comercio ATC Agreement on Textiles and Clothing ATV Accord sur les textiles et les vêtements ATV Acuerdo sobre los Textiles y el Vestido 7

8 2 December 2014 ITC TERMINOLOGY Agreement on Trade in Civil Aircraft Accord sur le commerce des aéronefs civils Acuerdo sobre el Comercio de Aeronaves Civiles Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights Accord sur les aspects des droits de propriété intellectuelle qui touchent au commerce Acuerdo sobre los Aspectos de los Derechos de Propiedad Intelectual relacionados con el Comercio Agreement on TRIPS Accord sur les ADPIC Acuerdo sobre los ADPIC Agreement on Trade-Related Investment Measures Accord sur les mesures concernant les investissements et liées au commerce Acuerdo sobre las Medidas en materia de Inversiones relacionadas con el Comercio AGREXCO Agricultural Export Company (Israel); now called simply Agrexco Ltd (Internet; 1997) Agri-food sector ECE/FAO Working Party on the Economics of the Agri-food Sector and Farm Management Secteur agroalimentaire (source: UNCTAD) Sector agroalimentario Agroindustry (source: UNTERM) Agro-industrie Agroindustria AIDMO OADIM AICO AICO AICO AIDO OADI OADI Arab Industrial Development and Mining Organization (Source: UN terminology) Organisation arabe pour le développement industriel et les ressources minières (Source: UN terminology) Organización Árabe de Desarrollo Industrial y de Minería (Source: UN terminology) Ibero-American Association of Chambers of Commerce (Source: UN terminology) Association ibéro-américaine des chambres de commerce (Source: UN terminology) Asociación Iberoamericana de Cámaras de Comercio Arab Industrial Development Organization Organisation arabe pour le développement industriel (Source: UN terminology) Organización Árabe para el Desarrollo Industrial (Source: UN terminology) Global Review of Aid for Trade L'examen global de l'aide pour le commerce Examen Global de la Ayuda para el Comercio AIDS sida SIDA Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome Syndrome d immunodéficience acquise (Source: UN terminology) Síndrome de inmunodeficiencia adquirida (Source: UN terminology) AIGC Arab Investment Guarantee Corporation IAHP International Association of Horticultural Producers (located in The Hague) (Source: UNTERM) AIPH Association internationale des producteurs de l'horticulture (Source: UNTERM) Asociación Internacional de Productores Hortícolas (Source: UNTERM) AIPH Union Fleurs: publisher of Yearbook of the International Horticultural Statistics Annuaire de la statistique internationale de l horticulture (Source: Yearbook). air waybill connaissement aérien (WTO Glossary 1996) conocimiento de embarque aéreo; carta de porte aéreo 8

9 AITIC ACICI ACICI website) ALIDE ALIDE ALIDE Agency for International Trade Information and Cooperation (Source: ACICI website) Agence de coopération et d information pour le commerce international (Source: ACICI website) Agencia de Cooperación y de Información para el Comercio Internacional (Source: ACICI Latin American Association of Development Financing Institutions Association latino-américaine d'institutions pour le financement du développement Asociación Latinoamericana de Instituciones Financieras para el Desarrollo aligned export documentation system système de documents d'exportation informatisé sistema alineado de documentación sobre exportaciones all faults (CAL) "all faults" (CAL) todos los defectos (CAL) allowance bonification Indemnité, prime (traitements), allocation, abattement (fiscalité), réduction, déduction; tolérance; prestation, provision, pension, ristourne, remies (WTO Glossary 2005) rebaja, deducción (por); subsidio; compensación; concesión, permiso; prestación, pensión; consignación, descuento (por), ajuste (por) (WTO Glossary 2009) reserva (por ej. para pase a pérdidas y ganancias UNTERM 2009) all risks (A/R) tous risques todos los riesgos; todo riesgo AMF Arab Monetary Fund FMA Fonds monétaire arabe (Source: UNTERM, 2009) FMA Fondo Monetario Árabe (Source: UNTERM, 2009) AMS Aggregate Measurement of Support (in Agreement on Agriculture) (Source: Final Act) MGS Mesure global du soutien (agricole) MGA Medida Global de la Ayuda Total AMS Total Aggregate Measurement of Support MGS Totale Mesure globale du soutien totale MGA Total Medida Global de la Ayuda Total AMU Arab Maghreb Union (created in 1989: Morocco, Algeria, Mauritania, Tunisia and Libyan Arab Jamahiriya) UMA Union du Maghreb arabe (Source: UNTERM, 2009) UMA Unión del Magreb Árabe (UMA) (Source: UNTERM, 2009) Andean Community On 10 March 1996, the presidents of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela decided to create this economic bloc to replace the Andean Pact. It will seek economic and political harmony and the creation of a free-trade zone. Within 5 years, according to the Act of Trujillo (which creates the Community) the Community will have a directly elected parliament and a genuine customs union. Andean Pact Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Venezuela. Officially known as the Acuerdo de Cartagena (from the Cartagena Agreement which established it); also known as the Grupo Andino (Andean Group) or the Pacto Andino (Andean Pact) Pacte andin (WTO 2009) Pacto Andino (WTO 2009) 9

10 2 December 2014 ITC TERMINOLOGY ANRA Professional Association of Natural Rubber in Africa (Source: ANRA brochure, October 1994) Association professionnelle du caoutchouc naturel en Afrique (ACNA) Asociación Profesional del Caucho Natural en África (ANRA) ANRPC Association of Natural Rubber Producing Countries Association des pays producteurs de caoutchouc naturel Asociación de Países Productores de Caucho Natural Consists of 7 member countries which in 1992 accounted for 82.2% of world production and 91 % of world exports of natural rubber: India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Singapore, Sri Lanka and Thailand. Its headquarters are in Kuala Lumpur. anti-dumping measure (une) mesure antidumping medida antidumping anti-dumping duties: Article VI of GATT 1994 permits the imposition of anti-dumping duties against dumped goods, equal to the difference between their export price and their normal value, if dumping causes injury to producers of competing products in the importing country. droits antidumping derechos antidumping (WTO 2009) ANSI American National Standards Institute ANSI Instituto Nacional de Normalización Estadounidense (ANSI 2009) AOB any one bottom; limit any one bottom limite par navire límite por buque AOTS Association for Overseas Technical Scholarships (Source: JAG documents, 1999) AOTS Association des bourses techniques à l étranger (Source: JAG documents, 1999) AOTS Asociación de Becas Técnicas en el Extranjero (Source: JAG documents, 1999) AOLOC AOP PAO AOSIS APB-Net any one location any one location; limite par lieu en cualquier ubicación Annual Operations Plan (Source: MTP) Plan d opérations annuel (Source: ITC/AG(XXX)/160) Plan Anual de Operaciones (Source: ITC/AG(XXX)/160) Alliance of Small Island States Alliance des petits États insulaires (Source: UNTERM 2009) Alianza de los Pequeños Estados Insulares (Source: UNTERM 2009) Asia Pacific Business Network APCC Asian and Pacific Coconut Community CNCAP Communauté de la noix de coco pour l'asie et le Pacifique (Source: UNTERM 2009) Comunidad del Coco de Asia y el Pacífico (Source: UNTERM 2009) APEC Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (Source: APEC website, ) (has 21 members; they have agreed to free all their trade by the year 2020; Members: Australia, Brunei Darussalam, Canada, Chile, China, Hong Kong (China), Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Singapore, Chinese Taipei, Thailand, United States, Viet Nam) APEC Association de coopération économique Asie-Pacifique (Source: UNTERM 2009) APEC Foro de Cooperación Económica Asia-Pacífico (Source: UNTERM 2009) 10

11 Apex-Brasil Brazilian Trade and Investment Promotion Agency (Apex-Brasil Apex-Brasil Agencia Brasileña de Promoción de Exportaciones e Inversiones (Apex-Brasil APF Asian Packaging Federation Fédération asiatique de l emballage (Source: EURODICAUTOM) APHIS Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service APHIS Service d inspection sanitaire des animaux et végétaux (APHIS 2009) APHIS Servicio de Inspección de Sanidad Agropecuaria y Vegetal (APHIS 2012) apparent consumption consommation apparente consumo aparente Appellate Body (WTO). An independent seven-person body that, upon request by one or more parties to a dispute, reviews findings in panel reports. Organe d appel (WTO 2009) Órgano de Apelación (WTO 2009) appellations of origin appellations d origine denomación de origen Indications of where goods originate with characteristic qualities which are due exclusively or essentially to the geographical environment (for example, Bordeaux or Roquefort ). Indications de l origine et des qualités caractéristiques conférées exclusivement ou essentiellement par l environnement géographique (par exemple, bordeaux ou roquefort ). approved warehouses or ports entrepôts ou ports agréés almacenes o puertos aprobados APROMA Association of Market Production, European Economic Community/Africa-Caribbean-Pacific (Source: UNTERM 2009) Association des produits à marché, Communauté économique européenne/afrique-caraïbes- Pacifique (Association des produits à marché CEE/ACP) Asociación de productos de mercado, Comunidad Económica Europea/Africa, el Caribe y el Pacífico (Source: UNTERM 2009) AQL Acceptable quality level (ITC pub. Textiles and clothing) NQA Niveau de qualité acceptable, NQA (ITC: Textiles and Clothing) Nivel de calidad aceptable (Source: UNTERM 2009) arbitrage arbitrage arbitraje arbitration arbitrage arbitración Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce L'Institut d arbitrage de la Chambre de Commerce de Stockholm (Source: Instituto de Arbitraje de la Cámara de Comercio de Estocolmo (Source: ARSO ORAN ORAN African Regional Organization for Standardization Organisation regionale africaine de normalisation Organización Regional Africana de Normalización 11

12 2 December 2014 ITC TERMINOLOGY Article XX Article XX Article XX SVME ASAA ASEAN ANASE ASEAN GATT Article listing allowed exceptions to the trade rules. Article du GATT où sont énumérées les exceptions autorisées aux règles régissant le commerce. Artículo del GATT en el que se enumeran las "excepciones" permitidas a las normas comerciales. Swiss Association of Purchasing and Materials Management Association suisse pour l'approvisionnement et l'achat Asociación Suiza de Compras y Administración de Materiales Association of Southeast Asian Nations (established on 8 August 1967 in Bangkok by the five original Member Countries, namely, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. Brunei Darussalam joined on 8 January 1984, Viet Nam on 28 July 1995, the Lao People s Democratic Republic and Myanmar on 23 July 1997, and Cambodia on 30 April 1999) Association des nations de l'asie du Sud-Est Asociación de Naciones del Asia Sudoriental (ASEAN has agreed to set up a free-trade area by 2003) ASEAN four Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand ASEANET ASEAN trade information network ASEM Asia-Europe meeting (informal name given to meeting first held in Bangkok in Feb 1996 between the leaders of 10 Asian nations (ASEAN 7 + China, Japan and the Republic of Korea) and the European Union 's 15 members); parallels APEC Réunion Asie-Europe (Source: UNTERM 2009) Reunión de países de África y Europa (Source: UNTERM 2009) ASEPEX Agence sénégalaise de promotion des exportations (source: website) Asia Trust Fund Fonds d affectation spéciale pour l Asie Fondo Fiduciario para Asia AALCC ASIC ASMO OANM ASOEXPO Asian-African Legal Consultative Committee Comité consultatif juridique afro-asiatique, variantes: Comité consultatif juridique Afrique-Asie; Comité juridique consultatif africano-asiatique (source UNTERM2006) Comité Jurídico Consultivo Asiático-Africano (source UNTERM2006) Association pour la science et l information sur le café Association internationale du café (both names on website) Association for Science and Information on Coffee Arab Standards and Metrology Organization Organisation arabe de normalisation et de métrologie Organización Árabe de Normas y Metrología Association of Export Promotion Organizations of Central America, Panama and the Dominican Republic (can t find this, when searching for ASOEXPO, this is what it gives ASOEXPO Association of Fair & Exhibition Organizers in Romania assessor evaluateur; expert près les tribunaux; assesseur asesor; tasador; consultor assignee mandant (cessionaire WTO Glossary 1996) cesionario; poderhabiente; causahabiente; apoderado, síndico de quiebra 12

13 assignment cession misión; cesión, traspaso, transferencia (WTO 2009) assignor cédant (WTO 2009) cedente (WTO 2009) ASTM ASTM ASTRO American Society for Testing and Materials In 2001 ASTM changes name to ASTM International to reflect global participation in ASTM and worldwide use of its standards. Sociedad Americana para Pruebas y Materiales International Association of State Trading Organizations of Developing Countries Association internationale des organismes de commerce d'état des pays en développement Asociación Internacional de Organizaciones Comerciales Estatales de Países en Desarrollo ASYCUDA Automated System of Customs Data Entry, Control and Management Automated SYstem for CUstoms DAta (Source: ASIYCUDA 2013) SYDONIA Système douanier automatisé pour la saisie, le contrôle et la gestion SYstème DOuaNIer Automatisé (Source: ASIYCUDA 2013) SIDUNEA Sistema Aduanero Automatizado para el Acceso, el Control y la Gestión SIstema addunero Automatizado (Source: ASIYCUDA 2013) ATA Carnets Carnet ATA Cuaderno ATA ATFP Arab Trade Financing Program (Mandated to develop and promote trade among Arab States and enhance the competitive ability of Arab exporters) ATFP Programme de financement du commerce arabe (Source: JAG documents, 1999) PAFC Programa Árabe de Financiación del Comercio (Source: JAG documents, 1999) ATIFTAP Association of Training Institutions for Foreign Trade in Asia and the Pacific ATO African Timber Organization OAB Organisation africaine du bois (source: FAO website) OAM Organización Africana de Maderas (source: FAO website) at sight a vue a la vista attachment date date de commencement ou de prise d'effet de la garantie fecha de entrada en vigor attestation clause attestation (clause D) cláusula de atestación Austrian Federal Economic Chamber (Wirtschaftskammer Österreich) (Source: ITC/210/2A/95-XI-TP) Chambre fédérale du commerce autrichien (Source: ITC/210/2A/95-XI-TP) Cámara Federal de Comercio (Source: ITC/210/2A/95-XI-TP) automaticity (WTO). The automatic chronological progression for settling trade disputes in regard to panel establishment, terms of reference, composition and adoption procedures. 13

14 2 December 2014 ITC TERMINOLOGY automaticité Progression chronologique automatique dans le règlement des différends pour ce qui est de l établissement des groupes spéciaux, de leur mandat, de leur composition et des procédures d adoption. average avarie avería average adjuster dispacheur ajustador de averías average bond compromis d'avarie fianza de avería average deposit depósito de avería AWB air waybill, airwaybill, airway-bill lettre de transport aérien; connaissement aérien conocimiento aéreo; carta de porte aéreo (FAO 2009) avoidance droit de résiliation anulación 14

15 BBB B2B business-to-business B2B entreprise à entreprise B2B empresa a empresa B2C business-to-consumer B2C entreprise à consommateur B2C empresa a consumidor back freight fret de retour flete de vuelta backwardation déport mercado invertido back-to-back credit crédit adossé crédito respaldado; crédito subsidiario ABEDA BADEA BADEA Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa (Source: UN terminology) Banque arabe pour le développement économique de l'afrique (Source: UN terminology) Banco Árabe para el Desarrollo Económico de África (Source: UN terminology) BAF bunker adjustment factor coeficiente de ajuste por combustible bailee dépositaire fiador (depositario WTO Glossary 1996) BANCOMEXT Banco Nacional de Comercio Exterior (source: BANCOMEXT website) Bank for Foreign Trade (Mexico) bank guarantee cautionnement bancaire garantía bancaria; aval bancario banker's draft; (bankers draft WTO 2009) chèque bancaire; traite bancaire (traites WTO 2009) cheque bancario (giro bancario; letra bancaria WTO 2009) bare boat charter; demise charter charte partie coque-nue; affrètement coque-nue fletamento a casco desnudo barely steady market marché à peine soutenu; marché tout juste soutenu mercado apenas estable bar codes codes barres código de barras barge barge gabarra sin motor 15

16 2 December 2014 ITC TERMINOLOGY barter/swap troc (swap: swap; échange; conversion; facilités de crédit réciproques; crédits de report; crédits croisés WTO 2009) trueque/canje (Trueque, cambio, permuta WTO 2009) (swap: swap; operaciones de permuta financiera WTO 2009) Basel Convention Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal Convention de Bâle Convention de Bâle sur le contrôle des mouvements transfrontaliers de déchets dangereux et de leur élimination) Convenio de Basilea Convenio de Basilea sobre el control de los movimientos transfronterizos de los desechos peligrosos y su eliminación basic agricultural product (Agreement on Agriculture) produit de départ (produit agricole initial WTO Glossary 1996) producto agropecuario de base basis base base basis price; striking price prix convenu precio de base; precio "de golpe" bear market marché baissier mercado bajista; mercado a la baja Berne Convention Treaty, administered by WIPO, for the protection of the rights of authors in their literary and artistic works. Convention de Berne pour la protection des oeuvres littéraires et artistiques Convenio de Berna para la protección de las obras literarias y artísticas (WIPO website) BIR BIS business information review (ITC methodology for assessing users needs and information gaps) Source: ITC Strategy for Trade Information Services. business information service(s) service(s) d information aux entreprises (Source: ITC/AG(XXXIV)/186) BISD Basic Instruments and Selected Documents (published by GATT) (Source: Final Act) IBDD Instruments de base et documents divers (WTO 2009) IBDD Instrumento Básicos y Documentos Diversos (WTO 2009) BOA United Nations Board of Auditors Comité des commissaires aux comptes de l'onu Junta de Auditores de las Naciones Unidas border protection: Encompasses any measure which acts to restrain (agricultural) imports at points of entry. protection à la frontière : Comprend toute mesure qui a pour effet de restreindre les importations au point d entrée. protección en frontera (WTO 2009) BTA border tax adjustment ajustement fiscal à la frontière (UNTERM 2009; WTO 2009) ajuste fiscal en la frontera (UNTERM 2009; WTO 2009) bunker surcharge surfret combustible 16

17 reajuste por precio del combustible BC-Net Business Cooperation Network (run by the Commission of the European Communities) Réseau européen de coopération et de rapprochement d'entreprises (de la Commission des Communautés européennes) Red de Cooperación Empresarial (de la Comisión de las Comunidades Europeas) bean count calcul du nombre de fèves recuento de granos bear baissier bajista bear market marché baissier mercado bajista beneficiary bénéficiaire beneficiario BDS Business Development Services BDS Servicios de Desarrollo Empresarial (Source: JAG documents, 2005) BET Bureau of External Trade (Source: JAG documents, 1999) BET Conseil du commerce extérieur (Source: JAG documents, 1999) BET Junta de Comercio Exterior (Source: JAG documents, 1999) German Office for Foreign Trade now since Germany Trade & Invest (Source: bid soumission; offre (WTO 2009) licitación; oferta (WTO 2009; oferta; puja FAO 2009) bill of exchange lettre de change letra de cambio bill of lading (B/L) connaissement conocimiento de embarque bill of lading issue to a named party connaissement à personne dénommée conocimiento de embarque nominativo bill of lading ton tonne de connaissement tonelada de conocimiento de embarque binding commitment Under GATT or GATS to keep market open or (in the case of GATS) to provide national treatment, specifying maximum level of trade barriers. Requires negotiation and possibly compensation if a trade barrier is to be raised beyond the bound ceiling. consolidación Compromiso en virtud del GATT o del AGCS de mantener abierto el mercado, especificando un nivel máximo de obstáculos al comercio. Se requiere una negociación y 17

18 2 December 2014 ITC TERMINOLOGY posiblemente una compensación si un obstáculo al comercio se eleva más allá del límite máximo consolidado. binding commitment (WTO 2009) engagement en matière de consolidation (WTO 2009) compromisos vinculantes (WTO Glossary 1996) not found in 2009 biogas plant centrale de production de biogaz central (productora) de biogas biomass energy; biomass power énergie de la biomasse; biomasse-énergie (bioénergie; énergie de biomasse; énergie verte FAO 2009) energía de la biomasa (Energía derivada de biomasas FAO 2009) biomass (power) plant, station centrale alimentée à la biomasse central (generadora) de energía a partir de biomasa; central a/de biomasa (Source: World Bank Glossary) BIPM BIPM BIPM BIS BRI BPI International Bureau of Weights and Measures Bureau international des poids et mesures Oficina Internacional de Pesos y Medidas Bank for International Settlements Banque des règlements internationaux Banco de Pagos Internacionales BITs bilateral investment treaties (UNTERM 2009) (according to UNCTAD's World Investment Report 95, over 900 such treaties existed by mid-1995.) traités d'investissement bilatéraux (UNTERM 2009) tratados bilaterales de inversiones (UNTERM 2009) black economy; underground economy; submerged economy; parallel economy économie immergée, clandestine, parallèle, souterraine, informelle; occulte; hors marché; contre-économie (WTO 2009 and EURODICAUTOM 2009) economía subterránea; economía paralela, economía irregular, economía clandestina; economía oculta; economía negra economía sumergida (black economy WTO 2009 and EURODICAUTOM 2009) black market marché noir, bourse noir mercado negro, clandestino BLEU Belgium-Luxembourg Economic Union UEBL Union économique belgo-luxembourgeoise UEBL Unión Económica Belgo-Luxemburguesa blockboard panneaux lattés bolster bolster bolster bonded goods marchandises sous douane ou en entrepôt douanier (marchandises en douane; marchandises entreposées en douane; marchandises sous douane WTO 2009) mercancías en depósito de aduana (mercancías en depósito; en almacén de aduanas; bajo control aduanero -WTO 2009) bonded warehouse 18

19 entrepôt de/en douane; entrepôt duanier depósito de aduana; depósito aduanero; almacén de depósito; almacén general de depósito bottom limit "bottom limit"; limite inférieure límite de casco; límite por buque brainstorming remue-méninges lluvia de ideas; intercambio de ideas (tormenta de ideas EURODICAUTOM 2009) Brand names (ITC) Enterprise competitiveness Competitivité de l entreprise Competitividad empresarial Product and market development Développement des produits et des marchés Desarrollo de productos y mercados Services exporting Exportation de services Exportación de servicios Trade Law series Série: droit des affaires Serie: derecho mercantil Business and the multilateral trading system L entreprise et le système commercial multilatéral La empresa y el sistema multilateral de comercio Series: trade law trade finance Séries: droit des affaires banque et financement Series: derecho mercantil banca y financiación International purchasing and supply management Gestion des achats et approvisionnements internationaux Gestión de compras y suministros internacionales Management Competence Programme Programa de Aptitud Empresarial BCC BRE Business Cooperation Centre (Source: EURODICAUTOM) Bureau de rapprochement des entreprises (information service run by the Commission of the European Communities, Directorate General XXIII) Oficina de Cooperación Empresarial (Source: EURODICAUTOM) break chute des prix; chute quiebre; caída de precios break bulk cargaison conventionnelle carga fraccionada breakdown of assignements répartitions des missions repartición de las misiones broad tape 19

20 2 December 2014 ITC TERMINOLOGY cours à terme información por teletipo broken bean fève cassée grano partido broker courtier corredor; intermediario, agente brokerage courtage corretaje broker's slip fiche de souscription (bordereau de courtage EURODICAUTOM 2009) tarjeta de corredor (hoja borrador de corredor EURODICAUTOM 2009) BSI British Standards Institution (Source: BS Standard 7750:1994) BSI British Standards Institution (Office de normalisation britannique) BSI Institución Británica de Normalización (Source: EURODICAUTOM) BTN NDB NAB Brussels Tariff Nomenclature Nomenclature douanière de Bruxelles Nomenclatura Arancelaria de Bruselas buffer stock stock régulateur (stock tampon, stock de stabilisation WTO 2009) existencias reguladoras; reserva de estabilización (existencias reguladoras, existencias estabilizadores WTO 2009) bull/bullish haussier alcista bull market marché haussier mercado alcista bunkering soutage (mazoutage EURODICAUTOM 2009) carboneo (toma de combustible EURODICAUTOM 2009) bunker surcharge surfret de soute coeficiente de ajuste por combustible; gastos adicionales de combustible business and the multilateral trading system (as per Isabelle s of and WTO 2007) l'entreprise et le système commercial multilatéral (as per Isabelle s of and WTO 2007) la empresa y el sistema multilateral de comercio (as per Isabelle s of and WTO 2007) Business for Cancún (Source: JAG documents 2004) Le monde des affaires et Cancún (Source: JAG documents 2004) El Sector Empresarial y Cancún (Source: JAG documents 2004) Business for Development (Source: JAG documents 2004) Le secteur des affaires et le développement (Source: JAG documents 2004) El Sector Empresarial y el Desarrollo (Source: JAG documents 2004) 20

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