SPANISH MOOD SELECTION: Probablemente Subjunctive, Posiblemente Indicative

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1 SPANISH MOOD SELECTION: Probablemente, Posiblemente Hilary Miller April 26, 2013

2 Spanish Mood Selection According to Spanish textbooks: = doubt, indicative = reality/certainty Es probable que/es posible que: Always subjunctive because they express doubt However, the corresponding adverbial clauses probablemente and posiblemente are rarely studied in elementary/intermediate Spanish classes. Are they any different?

3 Goal of the investigation: Evaluation of mood selection in a number of matrices used to express doubt: Ser posible que Ser probable que Posiblemente Probablemente Seguramente examples of each matrix from oral interviews in the Corpus del Español (Brigham Young University) were analyzed. Are these matrices always used with subjunctive?

4 Ser posible que Only 1 example used indicative of the 125 sentences studied. : Es posible que está haciendo berrinches porque el papá y la mamá no se hablan 99% 1%

5 Ser probable que Of 221 examples, only 3 used indicative. 1% : Es probable que el medio campo no le siente bien 99%

6 Seguramente Of 265 examples, only 8 used subjunctive. 3% : Seguramente vamos a ir : Seguramente nos pase lo que pasó en Coahuila. 97%

7 Posiblemente y Probablemente Of 115 examples found in the Corpus, indicative is actually more common than subjunctive! Posiblemente Probablemente 37% 63% 38% 62%

8 What do more advanced Spanish grammar books say? According to Butt and Benjamin s A New Reference Grammar of Modern Spanish: Posiblemente/Probablemente: is optional if the event is happening in the present or already happened in the past For future events, subjunctive or future indicative are used Use of subjunctive makes the possibility weaker

9 Impact of Verb Tense on Mood Selection Is there a difference in mood selection depending on past or present tense? Divided all the examples into 2 categories: 1. Future reference- sentence refers to events that have not occurred yet 2. Past/present reference- sentence refers to events that are occurring or have already occurred

10 Past/Present Reference Clauses According to Butt and Benjamin, use of subjunctive is optional. was used in the majority of examples, but use of subjunctive was not uncommon. Posiblemente (80 cases) Probablemente (75 cases) 35% 65% 32% 68%

11 Past/Present Reference Clauses : Ahora posiblemente yo soy más conservadora en cierto sentido. : Ella dice en la cadera, pero probablemente sea en la región glútea.

12 Future Reference Clauses According to Butt and Benjamin, only subjunctive or future tense should be used. Actually, there are a number of examples where indicative is used! Posiblemente (25 cases) Probablemente (41 cases) 5% 40% 28% Future/Conditional 49% 46% Future/Conditional 32%

13 Future Reference Clauses Future: Por todo esto, posiblemente su trabajo reflejará para siempre la esencia misma del París eterno. : probablemente pudiéramos tener ya un esbozo mañana : Probablemente después de misa se viene a cocinar.

14 Conclusions: Probablemente and posiblemente do not behave like the related nominal clauses es posible que and es probable que. It is actually more common to find these matrixes used with the indicative mood! Probablemente subjunctive, posiblemente indicative? Spanish mood selection is much more complicated than the simple classifications of doubt or certainty. How does mood selection change the meaning of the sentence? We probablemente need to take another look!

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