Name Date Per. CH 15: GENETIC ENGINEERING STUDY QUESTIONS (pages )

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1 WLHS / Biology / Oppelt Name Date Per CH 15: GENETIC ENGINEERING STUDY QUESTIONS (pages ) 15.1: Selective Breeding 1) Define the following terms: Selective Breeding: Hybridization: Inbreeding: 2) a. What are polypoid plants? b. Can animals be polypoidy? 15.2: Recombinant DNA 3) Describe the process of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). 4)What is meant by recombinant DNA? 5) Summarize the function of the following tools from the toolbox of genetic engineering: > restriction enzymes (page 403): > vector: > plasmid: > genetic marker: 6) a. What is transgenic organism? b. What bacterium is used transform plant cells? 7) Define CLONE: 15.3: Applications of Genetic Engineering 8) Ideally, why are genetically modified (GM) products used?

2 9) GM crops make up of how much of the following plants? Soybeans Cotton Corn 10) How is the Bt toxin used in GM crops? 11) GM animals are becoming more important for our food supply. Describe how we have modified the genes in transgenic animals. 12) What are 3 ways recombinant DNA technology has improved human health? 13) a) What is gene therapy? b) What are the challenges? 14) What is DNA microarray and how is it used? 15) Describe how DNA Fingerprinting is used to identify a person. 16) From which body tissues may DNA samples be obtained? 17) Identify 2 ways Forensics DNA is used.

3 WLHS / Biology / Oppelt Name Date Per CH 15: GENETIC ENGINEERING STUDY QUESTIONS (pages ) 15.1: Selective Breeding 1) Define the following terms: Selective Breeding: Hybridization: Inbreeding: 2) a. What are polypoid plants? b. Can animals be polypoidy? 15.2: Recombinant DNA 3) Describe the process of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). 4)What is meant by recombinant DNA? 5) Summarize the function of the following tools from the toolbox of genetic engineering: > restriction enzymes (page 403): > vector: > plasmid: > genetic marker: 6) a. What is transgenic organism? b. What bacterium is used transform plant cells? 7) Define CLONE: 15.3: Applications of Genetic Engineering 8) Ideally, why are genetically modified (GM) products used?

4 9) GM crops make up of how much of the following plants? Soybeans Cotton Corn 10) How is the Bt toxin used in GM crops? 11) GM animals are becoming more important for our food supply. Describe how we have modified the genes in transgenic animals. 12) What are 3 ways recombinant DNA technology has improved human health? 13) a) What is gene therapy? b) What are the challenges? 14) What is DNA microarray and how is it used? 15) Describe how DNA Fingerprinting is used to identify a person. 16) From which body tissues may DNA samples be obtained? 17) Identify 2 ways Forensics DNA is used.

5 WLHS / Biology / Oppelt Name Date Per CH 15: GENETIC ENGINEERING STUDY QUESTIONS (pages ) 15.1: Selective Breeding 1) Define the following terms: Selective Breeding: Hybridization: Inbreeding: 2) a. What are polypoid plants? b. Can animals be polypoidy? 15.2: Recombinant DNA 3) Describe the process of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). 4)What is meant by recombinant DNA? 5) Summarize the function of the following tools from the toolbox of genetic engineering: > restriction enzymes (page 403): > vector: > plasmid: > genetic marker: 6) a. What is transgenic organism? b. What bacterium is used transform plant cells? 7) Define CLONE: 15.3: Applications of Genetic Engineering 8) Ideally, why are genetically modified (GM) products used?

6 9) GM crops make up of how much of the following plants? Soybeans Cotton Corn 10) How is the Bt toxin used in GM crops? 11) GM animals are becoming more important for our food supply. Describe how we have modified the genes in transgenic animals. 12) What are 3 ways recombinant DNA technology has improved human health? 13) a) What is gene therapy? b) What are the challenges? 14) What is DNA microarray and how is it used? 15) Describe how DNA Fingerprinting is used to identify a person. 16) From which body tissues may DNA samples be obtained? 17) Identify 2 ways Forensics DNA is used.

7 WLHS / Biology / Oppelt Name Date Per CH 15: GENETIC ENGINEERING STUDY QUESTIONS (pages ) 15.1: Selective Breeding 1) Define the following terms: Selective Breeding: Hybridization: Inbreeding: 2) a. What are polypoid plants? b. Can animals be polypoidy? 15.2: Recombinant DNA 3) Describe the process of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). 4)What is meant by recombinant DNA? 5) Summarize the function of the following tools from the toolbox of genetic engineering: > restriction enzymes (page 403): > vector: > plasmid: > genetic marker: 6) a. What is transgenic organism? b. What bacterium is used transform plant cells? 7) Define CLONE: 15.3: Applications of Genetic Engineering 8) Ideally, why are genetically modified (GM) products used?

8 9) GM crops make up of how much of the following plants? Soybeans Cotton Corn 10) How is the Bt toxin used in GM crops? 11) GM animals are becoming more important for our food supply. Describe how we have modified the genes in transgenic animals. 12) What are 3 ways recombinant DNA technology has improved human health? 13) a) What is gene therapy? b) What are the challenges? 14) What is DNA microarray and how is it used? 15) Describe how DNA Fingerprinting is used to identify a person. 16) From which body tissues may DNA samples be obtained? 17) Identify 2 ways Forensics DNA is used.

9 WLHS / Biology / Oppelt Name Date Per CH 15: GENETIC ENGINEERING STUDY QUESTIONS (pages ) 15.1: Selective Breeding 1) Define the following terms: Selective Breeding: Hybridization: Inbreeding: 2) a. What are polypoid plants? b. Can animals be polypoidy? 15.2: Recombinant DNA 3) Describe the process of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). 4)What is meant by recombinant DNA? 5) Summarize the function of the following tools from the toolbox of genetic engineering: > restriction enzymes (page 403): > vector: > plasmid: > genetic marker: 6) a. What is transgenic organism? b. What bacterium is used transform plant cells? 7) Define CLONE: 15.3: Applications of Genetic Engineering 8) Ideally, why are genetically modified (GM) products used?

10 9) GM crops make up of how much of the following plants? Soybeans Cotton Corn 10) How is the Bt toxin used in GM crops? 11) GM animals are becoming more important for our food supply. Describe how we have modified the genes in transgenic animals. 12) What are 3 ways recombinant DNA technology has improved human health? 13) a) What is gene therapy? b) What are the challenges? 14) What is DNA microarray and how is it used? 15) Describe how DNA Fingerprinting is used to identify a person. 16) From which body tissues may DNA samples be obtained? 17) Identify 2 ways Forensics DNA is used.

11 WLHS / Biology / Oppelt Name Date Per CH 15: GENETIC ENGINEERING STUDY QUESTIONS (pages ) 15.1: Selective Breeding 1) Define the following terms: Selective Breeding: Hybridization: Inbreeding: 2) a. What are polypoid plants? b. Can animals be polypoidy? 15.2: Recombinant DNA 3) Describe the process of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). 4)What is meant by recombinant DNA? 5) Summarize the function of the following tools from the toolbox of genetic engineering: > restriction enzymes (page 403): > vector: > plasmid: > genetic marker: 6) a. What is transgenic organism? b. What bacterium is used transform plant cells? 7) Define CLONE: 15.3: Applications of Genetic Engineering 8) Ideally, why are genetically modified (GM) products used?

12 9) GM crops make up of how much of the following plants? Soybeans Cotton Corn 10) How is the Bt toxin used in GM crops? 11) GM animals are becoming more important for our food supply. Describe how we have modified the genes in transgenic animals. 12) What are 3 ways recombinant DNA technology has improved human health? 13) a) What is gene therapy? b) What are the challenges? 14) What is DNA microarray and how is it used? 15) Describe how DNA Fingerprinting is used to identify a person. 16) From which body tissues may DNA samples be obtained? 17) Identify 2 ways Forensics DNA is used.

13 WLHS / Biology / Oppelt Name Date Per CH 15: GENETIC ENGINEERING STUDY QUESTIONS (pages ) 15.1: Selective Breeding 1) Define the following terms: Selective Breeding: Hybridization: Inbreeding: 2) a. What are polypoid plants? b. Can animals be polypoidy? 15.2: Recombinant DNA 3) Describe the process of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). 4)What is meant by recombinant DNA? 5) Summarize the function of the following tools from the toolbox of genetic engineering: > restriction enzymes (page 403): > vector: > plasmid: > genetic marker: 6) a. What is transgenic organism? b. What bacterium is used transform plant cells? 7) Define CLONE: 15.3: Applications of Genetic Engineering 8) Ideally, why are genetically modified (GM) products used?

14 9) GM crops make up of how much of the following plants? Soybeans Cotton Corn 10) How is the Bt toxin used in GM crops? 11) GM animals are becoming more important for our food supply. Describe how we have modified the genes in transgenic animals. 12) What are 3 ways recombinant DNA technology has improved human health? 13) a) What is gene therapy? b) What are the challenges? 14) What is DNA microarray and how is it used? 15) Describe how DNA Fingerprinting is used to identify a person. 16) From which body tissues may DNA samples be obtained? 17) Identify 2 ways Forensics DNA is used.

15 WLHS / Biology / Oppelt Name Date Per CH 15: GENETIC ENGINEERING STUDY QUESTIONS (pages ) 15.1: Selective Breeding 1) Define the following terms: Selective Breeding: Hybridization: Inbreeding: 2) a. What are polypoid plants? b. Can animals be polypoidy? 15.2: Recombinant DNA 3) Describe the process of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). 4)What is meant by recombinant DNA? 5) Summarize the function of the following tools from the toolbox of genetic engineering: > restriction enzymes (page 403): > vector: > plasmid: > genetic marker: 6) a. What is transgenic organism? b. What bacterium is used transform plant cells? 7) Define CLONE: 15.3: Applications of Genetic Engineering 8) Ideally, why are genetically modified (GM) products used?

16 9) GM crops make up of how much of the following plants? Soybeans Cotton Corn 10) How is the Bt toxin used in GM crops? 11) GM animals are becoming more important for our food supply. Describe how we have modified the genes in transgenic animals. 12) What are 3 ways recombinant DNA technology has improved human health? 13) a) What is gene therapy? b) What are the challenges? 14) What is DNA microarray and how is it used? 15) Describe how DNA Fingerprinting is used to identify a person. 16) From which body tissues may DNA samples be obtained? 17) Identify 2 ways Forensics DNA is used.

17 WLHS / Biology / Oppelt Name Date Per CH 15: GENETIC ENGINEERING STUDY QUESTIONS (pages ) 15.1: Selective Breeding 1) Define the following terms: Selective Breeding: Hybridization: Inbreeding: 2) a. What are polypoid plants? b. Can animals be polypoidy? 15.2: Recombinant DNA 3) Describe the process of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). 4)What is meant by recombinant DNA? 5) Summarize the function of the following tools from the toolbox of genetic engineering: > restriction enzymes (page 403): > vector: > plasmid: > genetic marker: 6) a. What is transgenic organism? b. What bacterium is used transform plant cells? 7) Define CLONE: 15.3: Applications of Genetic Engineering 8) Ideally, why are genetically modified (GM) products used?

18 9) GM crops make up of how much of the following plants? Soybeans Cotton Corn 10) How is the Bt toxin used in GM crops? 11) GM animals are becoming more important for our food supply. Describe how we have modified the genes in transgenic animals. 12) What are 3 ways recombinant DNA technology has improved human health? 13) a) What is gene therapy? b) What are the challenges? 14) What is DNA microarray and how is it used? 15) Describe how DNA Fingerprinting is used to identify a person. 16) From which body tissues may DNA samples be obtained? 17) Identify 2 ways Forensics DNA is used.

19 WLHS / Biology / Oppelt Name Date Per CH 15: GENETIC ENGINEERING STUDY QUESTIONS (pages ) 15.1: Selective Breeding 1) Define the following terms: Selective Breeding: Hybridization: Inbreeding: 2) a. What are polypoid plants? b. Can animals be polypoidy? 15.2: Recombinant DNA 3) Describe the process of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). 4)What is meant by recombinant DNA? 5) Summarize the function of the following tools from the toolbox of genetic engineering: > restriction enzymes (page 403): > vector: > plasmid: > genetic marker: 6) a. What is transgenic organism? b. What bacterium is used transform plant cells? 7) Define CLONE: 15.3: Applications of Genetic Engineering 8) Ideally, why are genetically modified (GM) products used?

20 9) GM crops make up of how much of the following plants? Soybeans Cotton Corn 10) How is the Bt toxin used in GM crops? 11) GM animals are becoming more important for our food supply. Describe how we have modified the genes in transgenic animals. 12) What are 3 ways recombinant DNA technology has improved human health? 13) a) What is gene therapy? b) What are the challenges? 14) What is DNA microarray and how is it used? 15) Describe how DNA Fingerprinting is used to identify a person. 16) From which body tissues may DNA samples be obtained? 17) Identify 2 ways Forensics DNA is used.

21 WLHS / Biology / Oppelt Name Date Per CH 15: GENETIC ENGINEERING STUDY QUESTIONS (pages ) 15.1: Selective Breeding 1) Define the following terms: Selective Breeding: Hybridization: Inbreeding: 2) a. What are polypoid plants? b. Can animals be polypoidy? 15.2: Recombinant DNA 3) Describe the process of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). 4)What is meant by recombinant DNA? 5) Summarize the function of the following tools from the toolbox of genetic engineering: > restriction enzymes (page 403): > vector: > plasmid: > genetic marker: 6) a. What is transgenic organism? b. What bacterium is used transform plant cells? 7) Define CLONE: 15.3: Applications of Genetic Engineering 8) Ideally, why are genetically modified (GM) products used?

22 9) GM crops make up of how much of the following plants? Soybeans Cotton Corn 10) How is the Bt toxin used in GM crops? 11) GM animals are becoming more important for our food supply. Describe how we have modified the genes in transgenic animals. 12) What are 3 ways recombinant DNA technology has improved human health? 13) a) What is gene therapy? b) What are the challenges? 14) What is DNA microarray and how is it used? 15) Describe how DNA Fingerprinting is used to identify a person. 16) From which body tissues may DNA samples be obtained? 17) Identify 2 ways Forensics DNA is used.

23 WLHS / Biology / Oppelt Name Date Per CH 15: GENETIC ENGINEERING STUDY QUESTIONS (pages ) 15.1: Selective Breeding 1) Define the following terms: Selective Breeding: Hybridization: Inbreeding: 2) a. What are polypoid plants? b. Can animals be polypoidy? 15.2: Recombinant DNA 3) Describe the process of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). 4)What is meant by recombinant DNA? 5) Summarize the function of the following tools from the toolbox of genetic engineering: > restriction enzymes (page 403): > vector: > plasmid: > genetic marker: 6) a. What is transgenic organism? b. What bacterium is used transform plant cells? 7) Define CLONE: 15.3: Applications of Genetic Engineering 8) Ideally, why are genetically modified (GM) products used?

24 9) GM crops make up of how much of the following plants? Soybeans Cotton Corn 10) How is the Bt toxin used in GM crops? 11) GM animals are becoming more important for our food supply. Describe how we have modified the genes in transgenic animals. 12) What are 3 ways recombinant DNA technology has improved human health? 13) a) What is gene therapy? b) What are the challenges? 14) What is DNA microarray and how is it used? 15) Describe how DNA Fingerprinting is used to identify a person. 16) From which body tissues may DNA samples be obtained? 17) Identify 2 ways Forensics DNA is used.

25 WLHS / Biology / Oppelt Name Date Per CH 15: GENETIC ENGINEERING STUDY QUESTIONS (pages ) 15.1: Selective Breeding 1) Define the following terms: Selective Breeding: Hybridization: Inbreeding: 2) a. What are polypoid plants? b. Can animals be polypoidy? 15.2: Recombinant DNA 3) Describe the process of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). 4)What is meant by recombinant DNA? 5) Summarize the function of the following tools from the toolbox of genetic engineering: > restriction enzymes (page 403): > vector: > plasmid: > genetic marker: 6) a. What is transgenic organism? b. What bacterium is used transform plant cells? 7) Define CLONE: 15.3: Applications of Genetic Engineering 8) Ideally, why are genetically modified (GM) products used?

26 9) GM crops make up of how much of the following plants? Soybeans Cotton Corn 10) How is the Bt toxin used in GM crops? 11) GM animals are becoming more important for our food supply. Describe how we have modified the genes in transgenic animals. 12) What are 3 ways recombinant DNA technology has improved human health? 13) a) What is gene therapy? b) What are the challenges? 14) What is DNA microarray and how is it used? 15) Describe how DNA Fingerprinting is used to identify a person. 16) From which body tissues may DNA samples be obtained? 17) Identify 2 ways Forensics DNA is used.

27 WLHS / Biology / Oppelt Name Date Per CH 15: GENETIC ENGINEERING STUDY QUESTIONS (pages ) 15.1: Selective Breeding 1) Define the following terms: Selective Breeding: Hybridization: Inbreeding: 2) a. What are polypoid plants? b. Can animals be polypoidy? 15.2: Recombinant DNA 3) Describe the process of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). 4)What is meant by recombinant DNA? 5) Summarize the function of the following tools from the toolbox of genetic engineering: > restriction enzymes (page 403): > vector: > plasmid: > genetic marker: 6) a. What is transgenic organism? b. What bacterium is used transform plant cells? 7) Define CLONE: 15.3: Applications of Genetic Engineering 8) Ideally, why are genetically modified (GM) products used?

28 9) GM crops make up of how much of the following plants? Soybeans Cotton Corn 10) How is the Bt toxin used in GM crops? 11) GM animals are becoming more important for our food supply. Describe how we have modified the genes in transgenic animals. 12) What are 3 ways recombinant DNA technology has improved human health? 13) a) What is gene therapy? b) What are the challenges? 14) What is DNA microarray and how is it used? 15) Describe how DNA Fingerprinting is used to identify a person. 16) From which body tissues may DNA samples be obtained? 17) Identify 2 ways Forensics DNA is used.

29 WLHS / Biology / Oppelt Name Date Per CH 15: GENETIC ENGINEERING STUDY QUESTIONS (pages ) 15.1: Selective Breeding 1) Define the following terms: Selective Breeding: Hybridization: Inbreeding: 2) a. What are polypoid plants? b. Can animals be polypoidy? 15.2: Recombinant DNA 3) Describe the process of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). 4)What is meant by recombinant DNA? 5) Summarize the function of the following tools from the toolbox of genetic engineering: > restriction enzymes (page 403): > vector: > plasmid: > genetic marker: 6) a. What is transgenic organism? b. What bacterium is used transform plant cells? 7) Define CLONE: 15.3: Applications of Genetic Engineering 8) Ideally, why are genetically modified (GM) products used?

30 9) GM crops make up of how much of the following plants? Soybeans Cotton Corn 10) How is the Bt toxin used in GM crops? 11) GM animals are becoming more important for our food supply. Describe how we have modified the genes in transgenic animals. 12) What are 3 ways recombinant DNA technology has improved human health? 13) a) What is gene therapy? b) What are the challenges? 14) What is DNA microarray and how is it used? 15) Describe how DNA Fingerprinting is used to identify a person. 16) From which body tissues may DNA samples be obtained? 17) Identify 2 ways Forensics DNA is used.

31 WLHS / Biology / Oppelt Name Date Per CH 15: GENETIC ENGINEERING STUDY QUESTIONS (pages ) 15.1: Selective Breeding 1) Define the following terms: Selective Breeding: Hybridization: Inbreeding: 2) a. What are polypoid plants? b. Can animals be polypoidy? 15.2: Recombinant DNA 3) Describe the process of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). 4)What is meant by recombinant DNA? 5) Summarize the function of the following tools from the toolbox of genetic engineering: > restriction enzymes (page 403): > vector: > plasmid: > genetic marker: 6) a. What is transgenic organism? b. What bacterium is used transform plant cells? 7) Define CLONE: 15.3: Applications of Genetic Engineering 8) Ideally, why are genetically modified (GM) products used?

32 9) GM crops make up of how much of the following plants? Soybeans Cotton Corn 10) How is the Bt toxin used in GM crops? 11) GM animals are becoming more important for our food supply. Describe how we have modified the genes in transgenic animals. 12) What are 3 ways recombinant DNA technology has improved human health? 13) a) What is gene therapy? b) What are the challenges? 14) What is DNA microarray and how is it used? 15) Describe how DNA Fingerprinting is used to identify a person. 16) From which body tissues may DNA samples be obtained? 17) Identify 2 ways Forensics DNA is used.

33 WLHS / Biology / Oppelt Name Date Per CH 15: GENETIC ENGINEERING STUDY QUESTIONS (pages ) 15.1: Selective Breeding 1) Define the following terms: Selective Breeding: Hybridization: Inbreeding: 2) a. What are polypoid plants? b. Can animals be polypoidy? 15.2: Recombinant DNA 3) Describe the process of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). 4)What is meant by recombinant DNA? 5) Summarize the function of the following tools from the toolbox of genetic engineering: > restriction enzymes (page 403): > vector: > plasmid: > genetic marker: 6) a. What is transgenic organism? b. What bacterium is used transform plant cells? 7) Define CLONE: 15.3: Applications of Genetic Engineering 8) Ideally, why are genetically modified (GM) products used?

34 9) GM crops make up of how much of the following plants? Soybeans Cotton Corn 10) How is the Bt toxin used in GM crops? 11) GM animals are becoming more important for our food supply. Describe how we have modified the genes in transgenic animals. 12) What are 3 ways recombinant DNA technology has improved human health? 13) a) What is gene therapy? b) What are the challenges? 14) What is DNA microarray and how is it used? 15) Describe how DNA Fingerprinting is used to identify a person. 16) From which body tissues may DNA samples be obtained? 17) Identify 2 ways Forensics DNA is used.

35 WLHS / Biology / Oppelt Name Date Per CH 15: GENETIC ENGINEERING STUDY QUESTIONS (pages ) 15.1: Selective Breeding 1) Define the following terms: Selective Breeding: Hybridization: Inbreeding: 2) a. What are polypoid plants? b. Can animals be polypoidy? 15.2: Recombinant DNA 3) Describe the process of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). 4)What is meant by recombinant DNA? 5) Summarize the function of the following tools from the toolbox of genetic engineering: > restriction enzymes (page 403): > vector: > plasmid: > genetic marker: 6) a. What is transgenic organism? b. What bacterium is used transform plant cells? 7) Define CLONE: 15.3: Applications of Genetic Engineering 8) Ideally, why are genetically modified (GM) products used?

36 9) GM crops make up of how much of the following plants? Soybeans Cotton Corn 10) How is the Bt toxin used in GM crops? 11) GM animals are becoming more important for our food supply. Describe how we have modified the genes in transgenic animals. 12) What are 3 ways recombinant DNA technology has improved human health? 13) a) What is gene therapy? b) What are the challenges? 14) What is DNA microarray and how is it used? 15) Describe how DNA Fingerprinting is used to identify a person. 16) From which body tissues may DNA samples be obtained? 17) Identify 2 ways Forensics DNA is used.

37 WLHS / Biology / Oppelt Name Date Per CH 15: GENETIC ENGINEERING STUDY QUESTIONS (pages ) 15.1: Selective Breeding 1) Define the following terms: Selective Breeding: Hybridization: Inbreeding: 2) a. What are polypoid plants? b. Can animals be polypoidy? 15.2: Recombinant DNA 3) Describe the process of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). 4)What is meant by recombinant DNA? 5) Summarize the function of the following tools from the toolbox of genetic engineering: > restriction enzymes (page 403): > vector: > plasmid: > genetic marker: 6) a. What is transgenic organism? b. What bacterium is used transform plant cells? 7) Define CLONE: 15.3: Applications of Genetic Engineering 8) Ideally, why are genetically modified (GM) products used?

38 9) GM crops make up of how much of the following plants? Soybeans Cotton Corn 10) How is the Bt toxin used in GM crops? 11) GM animals are becoming more important for our food supply. Describe how we have modified the genes in transgenic animals. 12) What are 3 ways recombinant DNA technology has improved human health? 13) a) What is gene therapy? b) What are the challenges? 14) What is DNA microarray and how is it used? 15) Describe how DNA Fingerprinting is used to identify a person. 16) From which body tissues may DNA samples be obtained? 17) Identify 2 ways Forensics DNA is used.

39 WLHS / Biology / Oppelt Name Date Per CH 15: GENETIC ENGINEERING STUDY QUESTIONS (pages ) 15.1: Selective Breeding 1) Define the following terms: Selective Breeding: Hybridization: Inbreeding: 2) a. What are polypoid plants? b. Can animals be polypoidy? 15.2: Recombinant DNA 3) Describe the process of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). 4)What is meant by recombinant DNA? 5) Summarize the function of the following tools from the toolbox of genetic engineering: > restriction enzymes (page 403): > vector: > plasmid: > genetic marker: 6) a. What is transgenic organism? b. What bacterium is used transform plant cells? 7) Define CLONE: 15.3: Applications of Genetic Engineering 8) Ideally, why are genetically modified (GM) products used?

40 9) GM crops make up of how much of the following plants? Soybeans Cotton Corn 10) How is the Bt toxin used in GM crops? 11) GM animals are becoming more important for our food supply. Describe how we have modified the genes in transgenic animals. 12) What are 3 ways recombinant DNA technology has improved human health? 13) a) What is gene therapy? b) What are the challenges? 14) What is DNA microarray and how is it used? 15) Describe how DNA Fingerprinting is used to identify a person. 16) From which body tissues may DNA samples be obtained? 17) Identify 2 ways Forensics DNA is used.

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