Problems After the War

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1

2 Problems After the War War increased tensions between British & the Colonists. 1. England becomes more involved in the running of the colonies. 2. Proclamation Line of Standing Army 4. How to pay for the war? Tax the colonists!

3 The Great Awakening Series of Christian revivals between Fear spread that religion was weakening in the colonies. Traveling preachers. Used fire and brimstone sermons to attract people back into the church.

4 Jonathon Edwards Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God.

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6 Setting the Stage Colonists & British win French territory Proclamation line of 1763: Colonists not allowed to settle past the line. Tension grows between colonists and the British

7 Cause 1 Desire for Independence For the 1st 150 years ( ) the colonies are ruled rather loosely. A. They can choose their own governments (colonial legislatures) and tax themselves. B. The only real rule is that they have to only trade with England

8 Desire for Independence After the war, England becomes more involved in colonial life. The Quartering Act: Required colonists to provide shelter, firewood, drink, salt, and candles to members of the British army.

9 Cause 2 Taxes After the French and Indian War, the British are in debt. Start to tax the colonists.

10 Why the colonists don t like this They have always taxed themselves. British parliament passes the taxes; colonists have no representatives to vote in their name. No taxation without representation King George III

11 Sugar Act 1764 Tax involving sugar and molasses. British set up vice-admiralty courts to try smugglers. Currency Act of 1764 ( Brits took control of Colonists currency)

12 Stamp Act (1765) An official stamp is needed for nearly all paper documents.

13 Colonists Respond Samuel Adams forms the Sons of Liberty in Boston. They terrorize stamp collectors and destroy the Governor s house. Similar groups emerge in other colonies Organize boycotts

14 Daughters of Liberty Women who boycott British goods like tea. Also make things at home that colonists used to buy from England.

15 Boston Massacre A mob in Boston starts harassing British guards at the customs house. Eventually the soldiers fire into the crowd. 5 people are killed.

16 Today New Map American Revolution Notes. Thomas Paine Causes of the American Revolution Chart

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18 Causes of the American Revolution Recap How did the Colonists desire for independence lead to some wanting revolution? Why did the British Tax the Colonists? What was their reaction? Explain the phrase, No Taxation without representation. What was the Boston Massacre?

19 The Tea Act 1773 Tax on American tea Colonists respond with the Boston Tea Party.

20 Boston Tea Party

21 Intolerable Acts British Response to Boston Tea Party Brits. Close the port of Boston Suspend the Govt. of Mass. And appoint a new one.

22 Cause 3 Enlightenment Ideas Revolutionary leaders influenced by the ideas of the enlightenment. Enlightenment was an intellectual movement that stressed natural rights. Leaders began to question British rule because they felt that it was infringing (messing with) their natural rights.

23 Common Sense A pamphlet written in 1776 Written by radical Thomas Paine Pushed for limited Government, and personal freedom Common Sense flamed revolutionary sentiments of the colonists Sold 600,000 copies

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25 The British are Coming? April, 1775 British attempt to seize Patriot arms held at Concord. April 18 th, 700 British troops set out The colonist heard about the plan and warned the patriots 70 colonists waited for the British to arrive.

26 American Myth The Regulars are Coming

27 Lexington Patriot and British troops face off A shot was fired- then both sides opened fire. 8 colonists lay dead First Battle of the American Revolution

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29 The Musket

30 American Revolution Recap Colonists rebel against the British Thomas Paine writes Common Sense Rebellion grows.

31 Declaration of Independence Thomas Jefferson writes the Declaration of Independence in July 4 Philadelphia

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33 Jefferson s Argument for Independence Many of his ideas come from John Locke. Everybody had Natural rights Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Purpose of Govt. is to protect Nat. Rights. Right of people to form new governments if Govt. is not doing its job.

34 British Advantages Professional Army Best Navy in the world 1/3 of the colonists are loyalists (Tories) Slaves and Native Americans will help

35 Advantages of Americans Fighting for something they believe in. Fighting on their home turf. Leadership of George Washington

36 British Surrender at Saratoga

37 French Help After Saratoga French form an alliance with America. Sends navy and troops.

38 Virginia 1781, British forces trapped General Washington pushing in from land French Navy attacking from the sea The British surrender Britain voted to end the war The Treaty of Paris ended the war America Independent! Yorktown

39 Why the Americans won They fought a defensive war avoid big defeat. Help from the French Brits. Get tired

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