Translation. The process of converting the mrna base sequence into amino acid chains or proteins; occurs in the cytoplasm of the cell on ribosomes

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2 The process of converting the mrna base sequence into amino acid chains or proteins; occurs in the cytoplasm of the cell on ribosomes

3 The process of converting the mrna base sequence into amino acid chains or proteins; occurs in the cytoplasm of the cell on ribosomes 1. The ribosome attaches onto the mrna strand

4 The process of converting the mrna base sequence into amino acid chains or proteins; occurs in the cytoplasm of the cell on ribosomes 1. The ribosome attaches onto the mrna strand 2. The ribosome reads the first mrna codon

5 The process of converting the mrna base sequence into amino acid chains or proteins; occurs in the cytoplasm of the cell on ribosomes 1. The ribosome attaches onto the mrna strand 2. The ribosome reads the first mrna codon 3. trna carries the correct amino acid to the P site of the ribosome

6 The process of converting the mrna base sequence into amino acid chains or proteins; occurs in the cytoplasm of the cell on ribosomes 1. The ribosome attaches onto the mrna strand 2. The ribosome reads the first mrna codon 3. trna carries the correct amino acid to the P site of the ribosome 4. The amino acid is put into place by matching the mrna codon with the anticodon on the trna

7 The process of converting the mrna base sequence into amino acid chains or proteins; occurs in the cytoplasm of the cell on ribosomes 1. The ribosome attaches onto the mrna strand 2. The ribosome reads the first mrna codon 3. trna carries the correct amino acid to the P site of the ribosome 4. The amino acid is put into place by matching the mrna codon with the anticodon on the trna 5. The ribosome reads the next codon on the mrna

8 (continued) 6. trna brings the correct amino acid to the A site of the ribosome

9 (continued) 6. trna brings the correct amino acid to the A site of the ribosome 7. The amino acid is put into place by matching the mrna codon with the anticodon on the trna

10 (continued) 6. trna brings the correct amino acid to the A site of the ribosome 7. The amino acid is put into place by matching the mrna codon with the anticodon on the trna 8. A peptide bond forms between the first amino acid and the second amino acid forming a chain

11 (continued) 6. trna brings the correct amino acid to the A site of the ribosome 7. The amino acid is put into place by matching the mrna codon with the anticodon on the trna 8. A peptide bond forms between the first amino acid and the second amino acid forming a chain 9. The ribosome slides down the mrna one codon and reads the codon

12 (continued) 6. trna brings the correct amino acid to the A site of the ribosome 7. The amino acid is put into place by matching the mrna codon with the anticodon on the trna 8. A peptide bond forms between the first amino acid and the second amino acid forming a chain 9. The ribosome slides down the mrna one codon and reads the codon 10.The process continues until all mrna codons are read and all amino acids are put into place

13 6. trna brings the correct amino acid to the A site of the ribosome 7. The amino acid is put into place by matching the mrna codon with the anticodon on the trna 8. A peptide bond forms between the first amino acid and the second amino acid forming a chain 9. The ribosome slides down the mrna one codon and reads the codon 10.The process continues until all mrna codons are read and all amino acids are put into place 11.A stop codon signals completion of the pattern View Translation

14 Codons A codon is a group of 3 nucleotides that codes for a specific amino acid Example: AUG codes for methionine Most codons code for amino acids, but some are used for instruction Codon Activity Example: UAA is the codon for stop

15 Codon Activity Translate the following mrna codons AUG CAU GCG AGC UAA ANSWER

16 Codon Activity Translate the following mrna codons AUG CAU GCG AGC UAA Methionine ANSWER

17 Codon Activity Translate the following mrna codons AUG CAU GCG AGC UAA Methionine Histidine ANSWER

18 Codon Activity Translate the following mrna codons AUG CAU GCG AGC UAA Methionine Histidine Alanine ANSWER

19 Codon Activity Translate the following mrna codons AUG CAU GCG AGC UAA Methionine Histidine Alanine Serine ANSWER

20 Codon Activity Translate the following mrna codons AUG CAU GCG AGC UAA Methionine Histidine Alanine Serine Stop

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