MLA Documentation Part 1

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1 MLA Documentation Part 1 1

2 This presentation will help you Understand the process of documenting your research. Learn to construct an in-text citation. Understand the basics of creating a Works Cited page. 2

3 MLA Stands for Modern Language Association Is a style or format, which is a set of rules determining how to set up your paper and how to document your research sources. 3

4 We Research to learn more about a topic. find information that will support our ideas, especially controversial or innovative ones. Develop research skills that will help us throughout our lives. 4

5 We Cite Sources to avoid plagiarism: Quoting or copying text without telling whose it is or where we found it Putting someone else s ideas into our own words without telling where we learned about these ideas. provide a map of our research for others. 5

6 A Citation or Reference is publication information about a resource you used. Can include: Author Title Publisher and City Date Web address (URL) Two Kinds: short and long (complete) 6

7 Short Citation = Parenthetical Parenthetical, Internal, or In-text Citation Contains ONLY author s last name and the page number where you found the information you re discussing. Located throughout body of paper. Enclosed in parentheses. Comes at the end of a sentence, before the period (Smith 265). 7

8 Full Citation Contains enough bibliographic information for your reader to locate your sources. Contains elements such as author, title, date of publication, publisher (for a book), or volume and issue number (for a magazine). 8

9 Works Cited Similar to a bibliography, except that it only lists the resources you actually referred to in your paper. This list of FULL CITATIONS is arranged alphabetically by author s last name. Last page of your paper. Formatted with hanging indentations ( see slide 11). 9

10 Citation Process Use in-text citations to acknowledge ideas or facts that you discovered during the research process. When you write a sentence with an idea that s new to you, put the author s name and page number where you found the information at the end of your sentence (Keys 22). At the end of the paper, create a Works Cited page containing the full citations. 10

11 Sample Works Cited Works Cited Callahan 6 Morell, Virginia. Bioko Primates. National Geographic Magazine. August Web. 7 February Swindler, Daris R. Introduction to the Primates. Seattle: U of Washington P, Print. Tucker, Abigail. Ethiopia s Exotic Monkeys. Smithsonian 40.9 (December 2009): Print. 11

12 When to Cite: Cite the source of information each time you say something specific, especially if the statement involves a number or other fact. Cite the first time you refer to source material in each paragraph. Cite the source at the end of your sentence. 12

13 What to Cite: Information or ideas that are new to you, even if you paraphrase. Direct Quotes (remember to use ). Numerical figures: dates, statistics, percentages, etc. Anything very specific or questionable. When in doubt, cite the source. 13

14 What Not to Cite: Things that are common knowledge, such as Freud is the father of psychoanalysis; colds are caused by viruses. Nobody disputes these claims and they are widely accepted. Nigeria is located on the African continent. Facts like this are indisputable and should be well-known. 14

15 When to Cite Discussion: If you are using this PowerPoint in a classroom, right-click on the link below to visit Zayed University s helpful scenarios on when to cite and not to cite: To Cite or Not to Cite 15

16 Part II Please see MLA Documentation, Part II, to learn how to incorporate citations into the text of your paper. 16

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