2 What we are going to do understand why acknowledgement is important recognise the details that are needed to make up a citation/reference correctly cite a reference In other words: What is a citation Why cite When do you cite How to cite using Harvard
3 Whatis citation? A citation is the way you tell your readers that certain material in your work came from another source. It also gives your readers the information necessary to find that source again Citation includes: brief details of the publication in the body of your text (author s name, year of publication, page number). a complete list of full details of these citations at the end of your assignment in a reference list or bibliography section.
4 Why Cite References? Provides reader with enough information to find the sources of information you have consulted The authors of the original sources are given credit for their work Your own research is clear Helps to demonstrate how widely you have read around your subject, and on what authority you base your arguments or conclusions. The work has credibility Avoids plagiarism.
5 When do you have to cite? Whenever you use quotes Whenever you paraphrase Whenever you use an idea that someone else has already expressed Whenever you make specific reference to the work of another Whenever someone else s work has been critical in developing your own ideas.
6 Citation styles There are many accepted styles to present your references. Each style is a system with consistent rules about how to display a citation (including punctuation, font, capitalization and so on) within your text, footnotes, and the bibliography. Sample Styles: Harvard (author-date) MLA APA Chicago (numbered footnotes)
7 Sample styles used in GMIT Humanities: Business Studies: Hotel and Catering: Science: Computing: Engineering: Cluain Mhuire: Harvard Harvard Harvard Harvard/ Vancouver Chicago/Turabian Harvard Number/Harvard style
8 1. In text citation Pagination Quotations Paraphrasing Multiple authors Author quoted in another work 2. Reference List Harvard Two elements to look at:
9 In text citation Citations contain the name of the author and the year the information was published after the quote or paraphrase. If it is a direct quote, the page number is also included in brackets. Ex: According to Davidson (1998), it is more commonplace for coach tour operators to link up with theme parks to put together a more attractive package for tourists. Bibliography DAVIDSON, R. (1998). Travel and Tourism in Europe. Harlow: Longman
10 The correct reference is? 1. Book A. Physics and chemistry of the solar system. San Diego: Academic Press. LEWIS, J. S B. LEWIS, J. S Physics and chemistry of the solar system. San Diego: Academic Press. C. Physics and chemistry of the solar system. LEWIS, J. S D. LEWIS, J. S. Physics and chemistry of the solar system. San Diego: 1997.
11 Pagination When quoting directly in your text When paraphrasing or referring directly to an author s ideas Pages should be indicated as Year, p. 7 or Year, pp Exclude page numbers if referring to an entire work
12 Quoting Short Quotations Put short quotations (around twenty words or less) in inverted commas within the text. Ex: Society has developed a boundary-free culture (Critser 2003, p.31) which has affected our food consumption Long Quotations Long quotations should be indented in a separate paragraph, in a smaller font. Cite the author and date in the same font and in brackets at the right margin of the page, under the quotation. Ex: Nowhere did this new boundary-free culture of American food consumption thrive better than in the traditional American family, which by the 80s was undergoing rapid change. (Critser 2003, p.31)
13 The correct reference is? Select the correct form of this direct quotation: A. Gustafson and Branch (1997) stated that a model is a simple representation of more complex forms." (p. 76) B. Gustafson and Branch (1997) stated that a model is a simple representation of more complex forms" (p. 76). C. Gustafson and Branch (1997) stated that a model is a simple representation of more complex forms (p. 76)."
14 A paraphrase is... Paraphrasing your own rendition of essential information and ideas expressed by someone else, presented in a new way. one legitimate way (when accompanied by accurate citation) to borrow from a source. a more detailed description than a summary, which focuses concisely on a single main idea. Paraphrasing is a valuable skill because... it is better than quoting information from an unedited passage. it helps you to control the temptation to quote too much. the process required for successful paraphrasing helps you to grasp the full meaning of the original.
15 Example Original Source Material: The concept of systems is really quite simple. The basic idea is that a system has parts that fit together to make a whole; but where it gets complicated -- and interesting -- is how those parts are connected or related to each other. Source: Frick, T. (1991). Restructuring education through technology. Bloomington, IN: Phi Delta Kappa Educational Foundation. Plagiarized Version A system has parts that fit together to make a whole, but the important aspect of systems is how those parts are connected or related to each other (Frick, 1991). References: Frick, T. (1991). Restructuring education through technology. Bloomington, IN: Phi Delta Kappa Educational Foundation. Explanation: This example of student written work is plagiarized. Although the author is cited at the end of the paragraph, the student copied word-for-word from the original source material and did not use quotation marks. Correct Version Frick (1991) states that "... a system has parts that fit together to make a whole..." but the important aspect of systems is "... how those parts are connected or related to each other" (p. 17). References: Frick, T. (1991). Restructuring education through technology. Bloomington, IN: Phi Delta Kappa Educational Foundation. Explanation: Note in this example that the passage begins with the author and year of the publication. Quotation marks are used to indicate that the passages are word-for-word citations from the original document. The author is also listed in the references. Indiana University Bloomington, School of Education How to Recognise Plagiarism [Online]. https://www.indiana.edu/~istd/example3word.html [Accessed 02 October 2013
16 How to cite multiple or no authors Two or three authors If the information you are referencing has two or three authors, then include all surnames in the citation Four or more authors When citing material written by four or more authors, only include the surname of the first author listed, followed by the abbreviation et al. (meaning and others). However, all names must appear in the reference list No author If you can't determine the author(s) of a work, include the work's title (in italics) within the brackets with the date.
17 Referencing author in work of different author You should always try to track down the original work but, if this is not possible, and you must quote the ideas of one author which you have found in the work of another, your in-text citation must mention two names: 1. the author of the idea you are using, and 2. the source you have found it in. Ex: (Wilson 1989, cited in Smith 1995 p.4). However, your bibliography should only give details of the source that you found it in (in this case, Smith 1995).
18 Reference list a detailed list of all sources which were cited within the text of a paper The reference list is located at the end of a paper, article, thesis, etc. References should be in alphabetical order by author surname The main title of each source should be in italics. (You may underline or use bold instead of italics, but you must choose one method of emphasis and stick to it consistently) The layout of all references must be consistent
19 Essential elements of every reference Every reference must have enough information for the reader to find the source again Ex: A book reference must have an author, year, title, place of publication, publisher, and edition (if it is not the first edition) A journal article reference never has place of publication or publisher, but must include journal volume, issue and page numbers
20 Harvard Style reference list 1. Book Author(s) - name, initials. (Year). Title of book. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher. Example TIERNAN, S., MORLEY, M. and FOLEY, E. (1996). Modern Management: theory and practice for Irish students. Dublin: Gill and MacMillan. 2. Work in edited book Author(s) - name, initials. (Year). Title of chapter, in: Editor(s) - family name, initials, ed(s). Title of book. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher, Chapter or page numbers. Example FALLON, K.G. and SIMPSON, O.J. (2012). The economy of the west of Ireland in 2010, in KELLY, D., ed. The Irish economy in recession. London: Routledge, pp
21 3. Academic thesis Author - family name, initials. (Year). Title of thesis. Type of thesis. Institution. Example CAROLAN, L. (2001) Staff Retention in the Hospitality Industry, Bachelor of Business Studies, Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology. 4. Journal article Author(s) - family name, initials. (Year). Title of article. Journal title, volume(issue number), Page number(s). Example RICHARDSON, M. (2009). Good Staff Training Leads To Customer Satisfaction. Caterer & Hotelkeeper, 199(4583), 26 June 2009, pp
22 The correct reference is? A. Rib DAVIS (2008) Writing dialogue for scripts: effective dialogue for film, tv, radio and stage, H & C Black: London B. DAVIS, R. (2008) Writing dialogue for scripts: effective dialogue for film, tv, radio and stage, London: H & C Black
23 Referencing Electronic Resources Electronic resources mainly refer to the World Wide Web. When you are citing electronic resources in your reference list, the following details, or some combination of them, apply:
24 5. Online journal article Author(s) - family name, initials. (Year). Title of article. Title of online journal, [Online], volume(issue), page numbers, available: <url> (Date accessed). Example McARTHUR, J. and LETENDRE, S. (2006) Is the glass three-quarters full or one-quarter empty?, Journal of Infectious Diseases [online], 194(12), pp , available: <http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=cin20&an= &site=ehost-live> [accessed 03 February 2007].
25 6. Web site (excluding online journals) Author(s) - name, initials. (Year). Title of document. [Online]. Place of publication: Publisher. (Date accessed). Where a Web site has no identifiable author, and is not the work of an organisation, leave out the author details, beginning the reference with the title of the Web page. Example Recreation Policy Health Forest, Healthy Nation (2005) [Online]. Coillte. Available: <http://www.coillte.ie/publications/recreationpolicy.htm> [Accessed 13 February 2007].
26 7. Journal Article in Electronic Database Author s Surname, Author s Initials (Year), Article Title, Journal Title, volume(issue), paging if given or indication of length, viewed day month year, Name of database, Name of database service. KARNATH, B., 'Smoking cessation'. The American Journal of Medicine [Online], 112, pp Available from: Science Direct [Viewed 27 September 2012]. Note: A DOI (Digital Object Identifier) may be used instead of the database name or URL, if available. Ex: DOI: /S (01)
28 8. Book on the Web-eBook Author(s) name, initial(s). (year of publication) Title of ebook, Name of ebook supplier [online], available: web address [accessed date]. Example: BECK, K. (1999) Extreme Programming Explained, Safari Tech Books [online], available at: [accessed 10 Oct 2005].
29 The correct reference is? Which of these references are written correctly: A. ROBERTS, A. (2002) The changing faces of terrorism[online]. London: BBC. Available at <http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/recent/sept_11/changing_faces_01.s html> [Accessed: 20th October 2009] B. BBC. The changing faces of terrorism[online]. Roberts, A <http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/recent/sept_11/changing_faces_01.s html> [Accessed: 20th October 2009] C. ROBERTS, A. The changing faces of terrorism[online]. London: BBC. Available at <http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/recent/sept_11/changing_faces_01.s html> D. Roberts, A. (2002) The changing faces of terrorism [online]. London: BBC. [Accessed: 20th October 2009]
30 Links for Further Research vard2.htm ex.htm_01.htm If you need further assistance or have any queries please contact ext or
Updated 10/07/08 TABLE OF CONTENTS WHAT IS MEANT BY REFERENCING AND CITING?...3 WHY IS REFERENCING IMPORTANT?...3 PLAGIARISM..3 HOW TO AVOID PLAGIARISM...4 THE HARVARD SYSTEM...5 IN-TEXT CITATION 5 COMPILING
APA Style and Formatting Explained January 31, 2012 1 Table of Contents Overview... 2 In-text Citations... 3 Citing a Paraphrase Examples... 4 Citing Quotations Examples... 5 The Reference List General
Learning Services Study Guides Bibliographies and Referencing: Chicago Style 1. Introduction This guide provides an introduction to bibliographies and referencing, and should help you with general points
Referencing Academic writing requires that you read and cite the work of others. Any material that is not your own must be sourced to the original author. Every book, article, thesis and all electronic
Running head: SAMPLE APA PAPER FOR STUDENTS 1 RUNNING HEAD: Yes, it will say, Running head:...., but only on the first page. Use an abbreviated form of the title (not exceeding 50 characters, which will
BSN GUIDE 1 BSN GUIDE FOR SCHOLARLY PAPERS This guide is to assist the BSN student in utilizing the American Psychological Association (APA) format and writing in a professional style. The focus of this
Reference with confidence: The Harvard style 1 Reference with confidence The Harvard style (2012 Edition) As used in: Archaeology Biochemistry (as well as Vancouver) Biology (as well as Vancouver) Economics
Page 1 of 6 REFERENCING 1. Plagiarism and referencing 1.1 What is plagiarism? Many people think of plagiarism as copying another's work, or borrowing someone else's original ideas. But terms like "copying"
SAMPLE TURABIAN STYLE PAPER John Doe History 2010 Dr. Johnson July 11, 2014 Doe 1 The Turabian style sample essay has been prepared to help answer some of the questions and problems that you may have when
APA General Format: Research Papers General format for papers written in APA style is covered in the first chapter of the Publication Manual (Call number here at Morrisville College Library: REF BF 76.7.P83
GOOD REFERENCING GUIDE A guide to standard Harvard Referencing for the School of Nursing & Midwifery Contents What is referencing? 3 The Harvard Style of Referencing 4 Citations 5 Citation Examples 6 References
Plagiarism Taking someone else s words or ideas and presenting them as your own. To Plagiarize transitive verb : to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own : use (another's production)
Academic Style Guides Academic Styles Guides are tools evolved from printers and editors style sheets which codify a standard usage for the mechanics of writing, the format of a research paper, and the
Running head: EXAMPLE APA STYLE PAPER 1 Example of an APA Style Paper Justine Berry Austin Peay State University EXAMPLE APA STYLE PAPER 2 Abstract APA format is the official style used by the American
Page 1 of 6 REFERENCING 1. Plagiarism and referencing 1.1 What is plagiarism? Many people think of plagiarism as copying another's work, or borrowing someone else's original ideas. But terms like "copying"
How to Cite Information From This System How you cite material from this system will depend on the style you have been asked to use. This document covers three styles: Chicago style Modern Language Association
EDITING YOUR THESIS Some useful pointers What is involved? Editing is all about making it easy for the reader to read your work. The editing process involves looking at the work in three distinct ways:
1 Running head: CRASH COURSE IN APA STYLE Comment [A1]: The label running head only appears on the title page; all caps are used for the shortened version of the title. Crash Course in APA Style: Documentation
A brief guide to the Harvard System The University of Greenwich, as with all universities, requires that students give credit to the authors of the evidence they use to support the arguments within their
Introduction to Harvard Referencing Hints & Tips Learning and Research Support Team Library & Information Services We aim to: Give you confidence to reference sources you use in your assignments Help you
Running head: SHORTENED TITLE 1 To center a line in Microsoft Word, select Format Paragraph from the Microsoft Word menu bar. Then, on the Indents and Spacing tab, choose Centered from the drop-down list
Transactional Trraanssaacctti ionaal l Anaal lyyssi iss Analysis JJourrnaal l Journal Submission and Review Requirements [Authors] should regard the reputable publication of an article as an honor. [Their]
1 A Guide to Referencing Using APA Style Based on the 6 th Edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association Updated September 2012 2 Contents Section 1: Aspects of referencing
Writing Academic Essays at University Philip Seaton, Hokkaido University Writing Academic Essays at University Page 2/ What is Research? Video 1 In this video series, I will be introducing you to the basics
Running head: A VERY CORRECT APA STYLE PAPER 1 Comment [MSOffice1]: The running head is a short title for the paper placed at the left margin. Each letter of the running head is capitalized. The number
HOW TO REFERENCE A GUIDE FOR STUDENTS Mandy Shaw (2004) Division of Criminology Nottingham Trent University www.internetjournalofcriminology.com CONTENTS PAGE What is referencing? 3 Why is it important
GUIDELINES FOR ACADEMIC ESSAYS DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY, LATIN AND POLITICAL SCIENCE, LANGARA COLLEGE January, 2012 Introduction As a student in the History/Latin/Political Science department, you will invariably
WRITING ACROSS THE CURRICULUM Writing in Social Work The Hunter College social work curriculum is divided into four major methods: Casework, Group Work, Community Organizing and Planning, and Administration.
UNIVERSITY OF SCIENCE, ARTS AND TECHNOLOGY Citation and Referencing Instructions to Authors Master Level Studies Harvard Referencing System Revised April 2008 Introduction A citation is an acknowledgment
EDITING AND PROOFREADING Use this sheet to help you: recognise what is involved in editing and proofreading develop effective editing and proofreading techniques 5 minute self test Read the following statements
The Business School Referencing Guidelines Referencing Guidelines for Students ( excluding law students who should follow OSCOLA guidelines ) Referencing all the materials which you have used when producing
Using References in Your Assignments: the Author-Date (Harvard) System 1. Overview of Referencing The two parts to referencing are: 1 citations in the text of the report 2 a list of references in the final
Cologne Business School Style & Referencing Guidelines for Academic Papers in English Medium Programmes (version 04/2012) 1 Introduction This style & referencing guide covers the formal requirements for
Pepperdine University Graduate School of Education and Psychology Dissertation Format Requirements Manual APA 6 th edition format Version 10/29/2010 Table of Contents A. PEPPERDINE UNIVERSITY FORMAT...
Citing Resources: MLA Guidelines for Electronic and Print Sources 2011 An Abbreviated Guide for Scottsdale Community College Students While MS Word 2007 and other online resources including databases offer
Referencing Harvard Method Before reading this guide you must refer to the specific guidelines provided by your School / module leader. Links to School guides: http://www2.napier.ac.uk/ed/plagiarism/students.htm
Student Learning Support Writing Support Overview Chicago Basic Style Guide The Chicago Manual of Style is often referred to as Turabian, CMS, or simply Chicago. CMS is the oldest of the academic style
Citation Guide SourceAid, LLC www.sourceaid.com Edited by: Julia Johns, Tom Fox, and Ronald Silvia Copyright 2004 by SourceAid, LLC. All rights reserved. This document may be freely distributed contingent
SOE GUIDELINES FOR APA STYLE SOE PD 32 FOR PAPERS, THESES AND DISSERTATIONS School of Education Colorado State University This document has three major sections: differences between APA and SOE styles,
Written Assessment in the Law School Legal Citation A guide to Law School requirements for written assessment and legal citation. Version: January 2015 Contents Part 1: Law School requirements for written
March 2013 SOE GUIDELINES FOR MODIFYING APA STYLE TO SUPPLEMENT THE CSU FORMATTING GUIDE FOR DISSERTATIONS School of Education Colorado State University The Colorado State University Thesis Manual (http://graduateschool.colostate.edu/documents
Running head: SAMPLE APA 1 The upper heading should be created using the Headers & Footers function in Word, be ½ from the top of the page, and show up on every page of the paper. The content of the upper
Name: Period: Ms. Kawalek, English 11 The Writing Process Packet Keep this packet for the rest of the school year. PLEASE DO NOT LOSE IT! You must complete all prewriting and editing steps prior to submitting
1 BASICS OF APA STYLE FOR REFERENCES This guide is intended to assist you with APA Style and Format for citing references in text and in your reference list. It is also meant to point you to the relevant
St Patrick s College Maynooth Faculty of Theology Essay Writing Guidelines for Students in BD, BATh, BTh, and Higher Diploma in Theological Studies Academic Year 2014-15 Introduction This brief essay is
MLA Documentation Part 1 1 This presentation will help you Understand the process of documenting your research. Learn to construct an in-text citation. Understand the basics of creating a Works Cited page.
Academic Writing: Referencing Correctly Marian Butler Student Services What should a uni essay do? Develop an argument (Your response to the question) Base argument on the experts Referencing Demonstrate
HOW SHOULD YOU PRESENT AND STRUCTURE AN ESSAY? DISCUSS. Rupert Gethin [Introduction] What follows is an essay on how to present and structure essays. The essay falls into two main parts: the first focuses
Library Documenting Electronic Sources: APA Style You must document your sources anytime that you use information that is not your own. (See the Library brochure on plagiarism for more information.) We
Guide to Referencing and Citations Oxford University Department of Education Accurate, complete and consistent references are essential in all academic work and are the key to avoiding plagiarism. Whenever
Dissertation Guidelines Department of International Relations University of Malta 2012-2014 The following details outline the expected standards by the Department of International Relations, University
Political Science Department at the College of Charleston Guide to Referencing i Scholarly sources: A scholarly source is a peer-reviewed article, typically found in academic journals, in hardcopy or online,
Reference with confidence: The Vancouver style 1 Reference with confidence The Vancouver style (2012 Edition) As used in: Biochemistry (as well as Harvard) Biology (as well as Harvard) Chemistry Hull York
Writing 1 Running head: USING APA STYLE Writing a Successful Paper: Using APA Style Your Name Here Arizona State University Writing 2 Abstract The second page usually contains your abstract, which is a
University of North Alabama Introduction to Chicago-Turabian Style Center for WRITING EXCELLENCE David MacMillan III Dr. Robert T. Koch Jr. July 2011 Contents Overview, elements, and presentation 2 Formatting
Southern Christian College Rules and procedures for referencing Referencing (an introduction) Plagiarism Use of Quotations a. Direct quotations b. A quote used in another text c. Indirect quotations Referencing
PART 1: Setting up your EndNote Library 2 Creating an EndNote Library 2 Compressing your EndNote Library 2 Entering References into an Endnote Library 2 Importing References into an EndNote Library 3 PDF
Office of Research and Graduate Studies Duncan Hayse, MA, MFA Coordinator Theses, Doctoral Projects, and Dissertations CONTACT: http://www.uiw.edu/orgs/writing/index.html email@example.com APA review for
The IEEE system of referencing Contents 1. Introduction.................................................................... 2 Plagiarism.......................................................................
This document is intended to help students review for the VPT-English Test. It should prove useful whether students use these resources before or after taking the VPT-English Practice Test. The document
7 th Edition MLA Handbook University of Akron Wayne College Smucker Learning Center MLA HANDOUT FOR WAYNE COLLEGE STUDENTS This handout is designed to assist students in documenting research papers using
Focus on Essay Writing Essay writing is a process and a product. You need to focus on the process in order to achieve a high quality product. What is an essay? The word essay originally meant to test or
University of North Alabama INTRODUCTION TO APA STYLE Center for WRITING EXCELLENCE Cayla Buttram David MacMillan III Dr. Robert T. Koch Jr. January 2013 INTRODUCTION TO APA STYLE 2 Contents Elements of
APA Style This handout is based on the 6 th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), but is not a comprehensive guide. For all rules and requirements of APA citations,
Information Services Academic Skills Know-how Harvard Referencing Quick Guide What is referencing? Referencing is a system used in the academic community to indicate where ideas, theories, quotes, facts
MLA Format Example and Guidelines Fleming 1 John Fleming Professor Daniels ENGL 1301 One-inch margins on all sides. EVERYTHING double spaced. EVERYTHING in Times New Roman 12 pt. font size. For more details
Bucknell University Press Manuscript Preparation Guidelines Your manuscript has been accepted for publication and will shortly go into production with our co-publisher, Rowman & Littlefield (www.rowman.com).
Resource Pack on Academic Writing & Referencing Marian Fitzmaurice and Roisin Donnelly This pack has two sections. Section 1 deals with the process of writing assignments for the postgraduate programmes
PLAGIARISM How to stay out of trouble! Developed for use by the Department of Computer Science Midwestern State University Plagiarize * to steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own:
UTT LIBRARIES APA STYLE FORMATTING A Brief Guide Revised October 2010 UTT LIBRARIES 2 BRIEF GUIDE TO FORMATTING A RESEARCH PAPER USING THE APA STYLE As part of the course requirements at tertiary level,
HSC: All My Own Work Scholarship Principles and Practices Q: What are the key principles of ethical scholarship? The key principles of ethical scholarship include: being honest about the source of information
UCL LIBRARY SERVICES 1 References, Citations and Avoiding Plagiarism References, Citations and Avoiding Plagiarism Why should I cite my sources? Referring to your source material gives authority to your
MLA Citation Style From the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7 th ed., 2009. MLA citation style refers to the rules created by the Modern Language Association for formatting research papers
Effective citing and referencing Effective citing and referencing The IB programme continuum of international education Effective citing and referencing Published August 2014 Published on behalf of the
Preface to A Student s Guide to Report Writing This entire document is an example of report writing, both in content and in style/form (although normally there is not a Preface; it is only included here
Basic Formatting 1 Basic Formatting of a Microsoft Word Document for Word 2003 and 2007 Center for Writing Excellence Updated April 2009 Basic Formatting 2 Table of Contents GENERAL FORMATTING INFORMATION...
APA title page format requirements: APA Title Page A header appears on every page. The words Running head only appear on the first page. To insert the header into your paper, select insert then page number,
Basic APA Format Depending on which field or academic discipline you choose, you will use a different format for your papers. The American Psychological Association (APA) format is generally used for behavioral
Introduction BSN HANDBOOK 2009 APPENDIX D APA WRITING GUIDELINES Basic Use of APA Format Tips for Writing a Professional Paper Prepared for the Finlandia University Nursing Program Using APA Publication
APA Style Formatting and Style Guide APA? APA- American Psychological Association originated in 1929 Group of psychologist, anthropologist, and business managers convened and sough to establish a simple
A P A 6 th Edition Sample Paper Text Margins 1 inch all around Typing -Do not break (hyphenate) words at end of a line. -Indent the first line of every paragraph except for the abstract page (The default
Taylor & Francis Standard Reference Style: APA APA (American Psychological Association) references are widely used in the social sciences, education, engineering and business. For detailed information,
INSTITUT FÜR ANGLISTIK, AMERIKANISTIK UND KELTOLOGIE Style Guide American Literary and Cultural Studies How to Write a Term Paper Advice on form and content Updated: May 2015 Content Formal term papers
Ten Steps to Writing a Research Paper Using APA Style Chapter 16: Writing the Research Paper of Paragraphs and Essays explains how to document source material according to the style of the Modern Language