BASICS OF APA STYLE FOR REFERENCES

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "BASICS OF APA STYLE FOR REFERENCES"

Transcription

1 1 BASICS OF APA STYLE FOR REFERENCES This guide is intended to assist you with APA Style and Format for citing references in text and in your reference list. It is also meant to point you to the relevant chapters and pages in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition. The numbers in parentheses throughout this guide refer to the chapter and section(s) of the manual. Citing References in Text ( ) APA Style uses the author-date citation system. This allows your readers to locate the sources that you have cited in your text in the reference list at the end of your paper. To cite in text, you will include the author s surname (last name) and the year of publication. Direct quotations should include the page number or specific location of the phrase/sentence in the original work (like the paragraph number). When there is no identified author, you will cite in text the first few words of the reference list entry and the year. You will usually use the title. Put double quotation marks around the title of an article, book chapter, or a webpage. You will italicize the title of a journal/magazine, a book, a brochure, or a report. Here are some examples: Hofstede (1993) explained management theories as. Management theories in the United States are unique in their characteristics (Hofstede, 1993). In 1993, Hofstede examined the management theories. In the United States, there are equal numbers of young men and young women employed in the summer ( School s Out, 2011). This example is from an online article without a credited author. A Bureau of Labor and Statistics report Highlights of women s earnings in 2008 found that women aged 35 and older earned about 75 percent as much as their male counterparts (2009, p. 1). This example is from a report authored by an organization with page numbers available. For multiple authors: Two Authors: (Author and Author, year) Example: (Smith and Barley, 2005)

2 2 Three or more authors: (Author et al., year) Example: (Smith et al., 2009) The phrase et al. as seen in the citation for three or more authors is a Latin phrase; et is a whole word and does not need a period, al. is an abbreviation and needs a period. Here are the references from the examples above: Hofstede, G. (1993). Cultural constraints in management theories. Executive ( ), 7(1), doi: /ame U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor and Statistics. (2011, July). School s out. Retrieved from U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor and Statistics. (2009, July). Highlights of women s earnings in 2008 (Report No. 1017). Retrieved from See 7.03 in the Publication Manual for more information on references for technical and research reports. The Reference List Essentials ( ) The purpose of your reference list is to give credit to the sources you have cited and also to enable your readers to locate those sources. All citations should be listed in the reference list. References should be in alphabetical order by author s surname (or the first author s surname if there is more than one author). References should be in hanging indent style and double spaced. Basics: References for articles found in print and electronic journals (7.01) The article title is in sentence case (only first word and proper nouns are capitalized) and the journal title will be in title case (each word capitalized). Italicize the journal title and the volume number. Include the issue number in parentheses after the volume, do not italicize. Do not put a period at the end of the DOI or URL. See page 3 of this guide for more information on DOIs.

3 3 Reference guidelines for citing sources found in an electronic library database or on the Web ( ) Include journal number and page numbers when available. Place article DOI (if available) at the end of the reference. Formatting the reference for articles found in library databases Articles found in library databases are referenced in the same format as print articles. The purpose of your citation is to give credit to your source and also allow others to locate your resources. Not everyone has access to the same databases that we do; however, anyone can locate an article if they have the proper citation (they may access the print version or request a copy through their own library or even purchase a copy from the publisher). NOTE: Though the citation tools in most library databases allow you to copy and paste the citation, they often include a link. This is not an accurate example of an APA format citation for an article or document from a library database. Also note that in our class, your readings are listed as citations with a link. This link is only valid for Argosy students and here in our classroom. APA 6 th edition states that database information is not necessary for citations. This is because databases change over time (p. 192). However, it is sometimes good practice to include the information especially if an instructor questions where you found the article or document. Here are some examples: Lamb, A. (2010). Everyone does it: Teaching ethical use of social technology. Knowledge Quest, 39(1), Retrieved from ProQuest. Shirky, C. (2011). The Political Power of Social Media. Foreign Affairs, 90(1), Retrieved from EBSCOhost. If the Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is available, you should provide this because the DOI is unique to a document and should not change over time (p.189). Not all publishers provide DOIs. In a reference, we do not capitalize doi. Here is an example of an article citation with a DOI:

4 4 Potts, J., Cunningham, S., Hartley, J., & Ormerod, P. (2008). Social network markets: A new definition of the creative industries. Journal of Cultural Economics, 32(3), doi: /s y If it seems like the article would be difficult to locate without the database information (for example, the journal is only available in electronic version through the database), then include the database information again, this is NOT mandatory. Otherwise, format the reference like a print article. Example: Touchette, F. (2010). Avoid social networking poison. Health Management Technology, 31(11), 32. Author, (publication year). Article title. Journal Name, volume(issue), page number(s). If an article is from an online magazine or newspaper (not through a library database), you will include retrieved from with the web address (URL). You do not use dates of retrieval in APA 6 th edition. Thompson, C. (2011, August 30). Clive Thompson on the problem with online ads. Wired. Retrieved from Tedeschi, B. (2011, August 31). Reference resources for the budding know-it-all. The New York Times. Retrieved from Note: We use the Wired and New York Times main URLs because we can use the search tool on the homepage to find the article. This allows us to avoid providing non-working URLs in case the article is moved in the future (p.201). Formatting the reference for web pages and web documents For web pages (not articles from periodicals like journals, magazines, newspapers), here is the basic format: Author, A. A. (Date of publication). Title of webpage/document. Retrieved from URL Sometimes there may not be an author credited for the web page or the author is an organization. If there is no credited author or organization, the webpage title is used and you

5 5 will italicize it. If no publication date is available, you will use n.d. for no date. You do not provide the date in which you accessed the webpage (unless you are citing a wiki or other web document that is frequently updated). Example of a webpage with no credited author: Steven Jobs biography-biography.com. (n.d.). Retrieved from Example of a webpage authored by an organization: Health Resources and Services Administration. (n.d.). About health literacy. Retrieved from Note: we do not place a period at the end of URLs in our citations. Formatting the reference for print books and electronic books Reference for a chapter in an edited book (7.02) After the chapter title type In, the editor s name, the abbreviation Ed. In parentheses, and then the title of the book. If multiple editors, use Eds. Give page numbers in parentheses after the book title. Callahan, C. L., Stevens, M. L., & Eyberg, S. (2010). Parent-child interaction therapy. Play therapy for preschool children. In Schaefer, C.E. (Ed.), Play therapy for preschool children (pp ). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. doi: / (Note that this book also has a DOI.) Reference to an entire print book (7.02) Type the book title in sentence case (only first word and proper nouns are capitalized). Also capitalize the first ford following a colon ( : ) or ending punctuation (ex.? ). Fruchter, N. (2007). Urban schools, public will: Making education work for all our children. New York, NY: Teachers College Press.

6 6 For books or chapters of books that are only available online or as an electronic version, you will use the electronic retrieval information in place of the publisher location and name. If you accessed an electronic version of a book that is also available in print (this includes electronic textbooks and ebooks through library databases like ebrary), format the reference as you would a print book and include the retrieval information. You do not include the link to your Digital Bookshelf, instead you point your readers to where they could find it if they wished to view the version you are referencing. Blum, S. D. (2009). My word!: Plagiarism and college culture. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. Retrieved from A digital textbook (this is book that is available in both print and electronic format): Feldman, R.S. (2011). P.O.W.E.R. learning: Strategies for success in college and life (5 th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. Retrieved from An entry in a reference book (the electronic version): This example is from an encyclopedia accessed through Credo Reference in the Online Library (no author is credited). ENIAC. (2003). In Encyclopedia of Computer Science. Retrieved from Remember, not everyone has access to Credo Reference so the link in Credo Reference through Argosy s library should not be used. Corporate Author that is the same as the publisher name: American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6 th ed.). Washington, DC: Author. See 7.02 of the Publication Manual for additional types of books and their formats.

7 7 Formatting the reference for an online class or lecture When you want to reference something for our class, you should use this format: In text citation: (Argosy University Online, 2011) This is an example for Module 2 Filing and Organization. Adjust accordingly for other pages. Argosy University Online. (2011). Information Literacy and Communication: Module 2 Filing and Organization. Retrieved from Reference: American Psychological Association. (2010). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (6 th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

Running head: SAMPLE APA 1

Running head: SAMPLE APA 1 Running head: SAMPLE APA 1 The upper heading should be created using the Headers & Footers function in Word, be ½ from the top of the page, and show up on every page of the paper. The content of the upper

More information

How to Cite Information From This System

How to Cite Information From This System How to Cite Information From This System How you cite material from this system will depend on the style you have been asked to use. This document covers three styles: Chicago style Modern Language Association

More information

APA Style CITATIONS IN THE TEXT:

APA Style CITATIONS IN THE TEXT: APA Style This handout is based on the 6 th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), but is not a comprehensive guide. For all rules and requirements of APA citations,

More information

SOE GUIDELINES FOR APA STYLE FOR PAPERS, THESES AND DISSERTATIONS. School of Education Colorado State University

SOE GUIDELINES FOR APA STYLE FOR PAPERS, THESES AND DISSERTATIONS. School of Education Colorado State University SOE GUIDELINES FOR APA STYLE SOE PD 32 FOR PAPERS, THESES AND DISSERTATIONS School of Education Colorado State University This document has three major sections: differences between APA and SOE styles,

More information

Running head: WRITING RESEARCH PAPERS 1. A Guide for Writing APA Style Research Papers. Susan B. Smith. Capital Community College

Running head: WRITING RESEARCH PAPERS 1. A Guide for Writing APA Style Research Papers. Susan B. Smith. Capital Community College PROVIDE A RUNNING HEAD OR SHORT TITLE OF YOUR PAPER IN ALL CAPS FOR EACH PAGE OF THE PAPER Based on the Sixth Ed. of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. Updated September

More information

Sources. 1. Citations for electronic sources include the same information as a paper source, but also include a retrieval statement:

Sources. 1. Citations for electronic sources include the same information as a paper source, but also include a retrieval statement: APA A G A Guidelines for Citing Electronic Sources Centennial Library Cedarville University User Guide Electronic sources include articles from aggregated databases, online journal articles, web sites,

More information

Library Instruction for Your Associate Degree Program

Library Instruction for Your Associate Degree Program Library Instruction for Your Associate Degree Program Off Campus Library Services Indiana Wesleyan University 800-521-1848 Home page: www.indwes.edu/ocls Request form: www.indwes.edu/ocls/oclsform.html

More information

APA Citation Style. From the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6 th ed., 2009.

APA Citation Style. From the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6 th ed., 2009. APA Citation Style From the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6 th ed., 2009. Copies of the handbook are available at the WGTC library ready reference desk (BF76.7.P84) APA

More information

APA Style Citations & References A Guide for Psychology Undergraduates

APA Style Citations & References A Guide for Psychology Undergraduates APA Style Citations & References A Guide for Psychology Undergraduates 1 Why Cite? Whenever you report something that you have read, you have an ethical and a practical responsibility to cite where you

More information

APA-Style Guidelines. Content

APA-Style Guidelines. Content APA-Style Guidelines Content 1. Capitalization... 2 2. Decimal Fractions... 3 3. Statistical Symbols... 3 4. In-Text Citations... 3 5. Reference List... 5 Author Names... 5 Titles... 6 Reference Format...

More information

MLA Style Guide Quick & Easy

MLA Style Guide Quick & Easy MLA Style Guide Quick & Easy By Eric Garcia Updated: October 15, 2015 at 2:32 p.m. General Guidelines In-Text Citation In-Text Examples Books Anthology Reference Material Newspapers Magazine Journals Webpage

More information

APA Format: General Guidelines

APA Format: General Guidelines APA Format: General Guidelines Overall Format Use 1-inch margins all around Double-space all text Use 12-point Serif type, e.g., Times or Times New Roman Use italics only when specifically called for.

More information

APA Guidelines for Nursing Students

APA Guidelines for Nursing Students 1 APA Guidelines for Nursing Students Scholarly knowledge and research within the discipline of nursing has significance only when its results are shared with the larger scholarly and research community.

More information

TABLE OF CONTENTS WHAT IS MEANT BY REFERENCING AND CITING?...3 WHY IS REFERENCING IMPORTANT?...3 PLAGIARISM..3 HOW TO AVOID PLAGIARISM...

TABLE OF CONTENTS WHAT IS MEANT BY REFERENCING AND CITING?...3 WHY IS REFERENCING IMPORTANT?...3 PLAGIARISM..3 HOW TO AVOID PLAGIARISM... Updated 10/07/08 TABLE OF CONTENTS WHAT IS MEANT BY REFERENCING AND CITING?...3 WHY IS REFERENCING IMPORTANT?...3 PLAGIARISM..3 HOW TO AVOID PLAGIARISM...4 THE HARVARD SYSTEM...5 IN-TEXT CITATION 5 COMPILING

More information

APA 6 th Edition Formatting and Style Guide. Lakehead University Writing Center Workshop

APA 6 th Edition Formatting and Style Guide. Lakehead University Writing Center Workshop APA 6 th Edition Formatting and Style Guide Lakehead University Writing Center Workshop Presentation Overview Why document? Research tips Formatting quotations General APA guidelines Specific guidelines:

More information

BSN HANDBOOK 2009 APPENDIX D APA WRITING GUIDELINES

BSN HANDBOOK 2009 APPENDIX D APA WRITING GUIDELINES Introduction BSN HANDBOOK 2009 APPENDIX D APA WRITING GUIDELINES Basic Use of APA Format Tips for Writing a Professional Paper Prepared for the Finlandia University Nursing Program Using APA Publication

More information

Appendix 3: APA reference style

Appendix 3: APA reference style Appendix 3: APA reference style Tip! See http://www.apastyle.org/ to obtain information about APA style. The full guidelines are published in the Sixth Edition of the Publication Manual of the American

More information

Guide to Formatting Papers: APA Style. Terry Student (your name here) M.A. Program in Organizational Leadership Mansfield University.

Guide to Formatting Papers: APA Style. Terry Student (your name here) M.A. Program in Organizational Leadership Mansfield University. Guide to Formatting 1 Header (consisting of the first 2-3 words of the title) w/page number at.5 from the top of page, 1 from right edge of page, and right justified. Insert the page number in the header,

More information

Guide to APA Style. What is APA style?

Guide to APA Style. What is APA style? Guide to APA Style Dr. Blakemore PSY 100 What is APA style? Writing style developed by the American Psychological Association Used in many social and behavioral sciences and other fields such as communication,

More information

Library Instruction for Your Associate Degree Program

Library Instruction for Your Associate Degree Program Library Instruction for Your Associate Degree Program Off Campus Library Services Indiana Wesleyan University 800-521-1848 Home page: www.indwes.edu/ocls Request form: www.indwes.edu/ocls/oclsform.html

More information

Citing and Crediting your Sources using the APA Style

Citing and Crediting your Sources using the APA Style Citing and Crediting your Sources using the APA Style Indian River State College Libraries APA Tutorial http://www.apastyle.org/learn/tutorials/basics-tutorial.aspx Literacy Education Online http://leo.stcloudstate.edu

More information

SIXTH EDITION APA GUIDELINES 1 THE UNIVERSITY OF AKRON COLLEGE OF NURSING. American Psychological Association (APA) Style Guidelines Sixth Edition

SIXTH EDITION APA GUIDELINES 1 THE UNIVERSITY OF AKRON COLLEGE OF NURSING. American Psychological Association (APA) Style Guidelines Sixth Edition SIXTH EDITION APA GUIDELINES 1 THE UNIVERSITY OF AKRON COLLEGE OF NURSING American Psychological Association (APA) Style Guidelines Sixth Edition The following information is provided as the highlights

More information

Text Margins 1 inch all around Typing -Do not break (hyphenate) words at end of a line.

Text Margins 1 inch all around Typing -Do not break (hyphenate) words at end of a line. A P A 6 th Edition Sample Paper Text Margins 1 inch all around Typing -Do not break (hyphenate) words at end of a line. -Indent the first line of every paragraph except for the abstract page (The default

More information

Nursing Student s Guide for Citing Your Sources -- APA Citation Style 6 th ed.

Nursing Student s Guide for Citing Your Sources -- APA Citation Style 6 th ed. APA Nursing 1 Nursing Student s Guide for Citing Your Sources -- APA Citation Style 6 th ed. This guide is a modification of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6 th edition

More information

APA Title Page. APA 6 th Edition Caldwell Community College & Technical Institute. APA title page format requirements:

APA Title Page. APA 6 th Edition Caldwell Community College & Technical Institute. APA title page format requirements: APA title page format requirements: APA Title Page A header appears on every page. The words Running head only appear on the first page. To insert the header into your paper, select insert then page number,

More information

Library Instruction for Your Associates Degree Program. Off Campus Library Services

Library Instruction for Your Associates Degree Program. Off Campus Library Services Library Instruction for Your Associates Degree Program Off Campus Library Services Off Campus Library Services Research involves locating magazines, books, encyclopedias, websites, etc., to give you information

More information

APA Formatting For Dixie State College Nursing Students. An A. Student. Dixie State College

APA Formatting For Dixie State College Nursing Students. An A. Student. Dixie State College Running head: APA FORMATTING FOR STUDENTS 1 APA Formatting For Dixie State College Nursing Students An A. Student Dixie State College APA Formatting for Dixie State College Nursing Students 2 Nursing students

More information

APA Style Citations (American Psychological Association)

APA Style Citations (American Psychological Association) APA Style Citations (American Psychological Association) This guide provides basic guidelines and examples for citing sources using the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6 th

More information

MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS

MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS The International Scientific Journal of MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS www.ef.uns.ac.rs/mis ISSN: 1452-774X UDC 005:659.2 REFERENCING GUIDE List of the most common reference types: A. PERIODICALS Authors

More information

Note: Citations with more than one line of text should have a hanging indent of 1/2 inch or 5 spaces. Citing Books

Note: Citations with more than one line of text should have a hanging indent of 1/2 inch or 5 spaces. Citing Books APA Quick Citation Guide Here are some examples of common citation formats in APA (American Psychological Association) Style. For complete citation information, see the Publication manual of the American

More information

Harvard Style Referencing Guide for Social Work. A library guide to using the Harvard referencing style for Social Work students.

Harvard Style Referencing Guide for Social Work. A library guide to using the Harvard referencing style for Social Work students. Harvard Style Referencing Guide for Social Work A library guide to using the Harvard referencing style for Social Work students. September 2011 COPYRIGHTS "The University of Bradford retains copyright

More information

Delaware Tech Libraries

Delaware Tech Libraries Delaware Tech Libraries APA CITATION STYLE GUIDE (Revised, 6 th edition) Citing references for a Reference list The purpose of citing sources is to give credit to the author and make it possible for the

More information

American Psychological Association [APA] Citation Guidelines, 6 th Edition

American Psychological Association [APA] Citation Guidelines, 6 th Edition American Psychological Association [APA] Citation Guidelines, 6 th Edition When documenting a source using APA, an author has the choice of placing the citation at the beginning of the sentence or at the

More information

Office of Research and Graduate Studies

Office of Research and Graduate Studies Office of Research and Graduate Studies Duncan Hayse, MA, MFA Coordinator Theses, Doctoral Projects, and Dissertations CONTACT: http://www.uiw.edu/orgs/writing/index.html hayse@uiwtx.edu APA review for

More information

7 th Edition MLA Handbook

7 th Edition MLA Handbook 7 th Edition MLA Handbook University of Akron Wayne College Smucker Learning Center MLA HANDOUT FOR WAYNE COLLEGE STUDENTS This handout is designed to assist students in documenting research papers using

More information

Creating APA Style Research Papers (6th Ed.)

Creating APA Style Research Papers (6th Ed.) Creating APA Style Research Papers (6th Ed.) All the recommended formatting in this guide was created with Microsoft Word 2010 for Windows and Word 2011 for Mac. If you are going to use another version

More information

Introduction to Chicago-Turabian Style

Introduction to Chicago-Turabian Style University of North Alabama Introduction to Chicago-Turabian Style Center for WRITING EXCELLENCE David MacMillan III Dr. Robert T. Koch Jr. July 2011 Contents Overview, elements, and presentation 2 Formatting

More information

RBC Library APA Style Guide Revised May 2010

RBC Library APA Style Guide Revised May 2010 RBC Library APA Style Guide Revised May 2010 The following guide was developed to assist students with the APA style guide. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.) is

More information

APA Style Reference Citations Library Resource Guide

APA Style Reference Citations Library Resource Guide APA Style Reference Citations Library Resource Guide WHAT IS A REFERENCE CITATION? A reference citation is the documentation needed to make your paper acceptable for academic purposes. It gives authoritative

More information

This is an APA style guide for the most commonly used citation formats. Examples are adapted from the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition.

This is an APA style guide for the most commonly used citation formats. Examples are adapted from the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition. This is an APA style guide for the most commonly used citation formats. Examples are adapted from the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition. IN-TEXT CITATIONS Anonymous or unknown author: (Short Title, year,

More information

Citing Resources: MLA Guidelines for Electronic and Print Sources 2011

Citing Resources: MLA Guidelines for Electronic and Print Sources 2011 Citing Resources: MLA Guidelines for Electronic and Print Sources 2011 An Abbreviated Guide for Scottsdale Community College Students While MS Word 2007 and other online resources including databases offer

More information

APA References ABBREVIATED TITLE 9. References. Brown, R. T. (2005). Recent advances in pharmacotherapies for the externalizing

APA References ABBREVIATED TITLE 9. References. Brown, R. T. (2005). Recent advances in pharmacotherapies for the externalizing APA References This handout was compiled using the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition and http://www.apastyle.org/ Examples were adapted from Penn State York s

More information

Learning 2 Learn. Citation and Referencing

Learning 2 Learn. Citation and Referencing Learning 2 Learn Citation and Referencing What we are going to do understand why acknowledgement is important recognise the details that are needed to make up a citation/reference correctly cite a reference

More information

APA Guide 6 th Edition

APA Guide 6 th Edition APA Guide 6 th Edition For complete information use: Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association WZ 345 P976 2010 General Guidelines Margins: One inch on all sides (top, bottom, right

More information

APA 6 th Ed. CITATIONS AND REFERENCES FORMAT FOR STUDENTS 1 2010 Summary - from the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association

APA 6 th Ed. CITATIONS AND REFERENCES FORMAT FOR STUDENTS 1 2010 Summary - from the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association APA 6 th Ed. CITATIONS AND REFERENCES FORMAT FOR STUDENTS 1 2010 Summary - from the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association Plagiarism Whether paraphrasing, quoting an author directly,

More information

MUN LIBRARIES APA STYLE (6 th ed.) REFERENCE LIST GUIDE

MUN LIBRARIES APA STYLE (6 th ed.) REFERENCE LIST GUIDE MUN LIBRARIES APA STYLE (6 th ed.) REFERENCE LIST GUIDE Citations within your paper: Use brief citations when referring to a source that give the author(s) and year in parentheses of the source you are

More information

American Psychological Association (APA) Documentation M

American Psychological Association (APA) Documentation M The Writing Center P www.writing.wisc.edu University of Wisconsin-Madison American Psychological Association (APA) Documentation M This handout begins with general guidelines about the parts of a paper

More information

COM207: CREATIVE WRITING: FICTION SYLLABUS LECTURE HOURS/CREDITS: 3/3

COM207: CREATIVE WRITING: FICTION SYLLABUS LECTURE HOURS/CREDITS: 3/3 COM207: CREATIVE WRITING: FICTION SYLLABUS LECTURE HOURS/CREDITS: 3/3 CATALOG DESCRIPTION Prerequisite: ENG101 English Composition I Students study a variety of short fiction for story structure and write

More information

APA Documentation in Research Papers (2014-2015)

APA Documentation in Research Papers (2014-2015) APA Documentation in Research Papers (2014-2015) 1 The Purpose of Referencing/Documentation A. to identify (cite) other people s ideas and information used within your essay or term paper, and B. to indicate

More information

OUR LADY OF THE LAKE UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF BUSINESS. COURSE OUTLINE Fast Track A-Spring 2011

OUR LADY OF THE LAKE UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF BUSINESS. COURSE OUTLINE Fast Track A-Spring 2011 OUR LADY OF THE LAKE UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF BUSINESS COURSE OUTLINE Fast Track A-Spring 2011 COURSE NUMBER: MGMT 4395 TITLE: Business and Society Course Description: The moral and social content of business

More information

School of Social Work and Human Services

School of Social Work and Human Services School of Social Work and Human Services Assignment Format and Presentation Guidelines The School of Social Work and Human Services assignment guidelines are intended to help you understand and follow

More information

HARVARD STYLE (2002)

HARVARD STYLE (2002) HARVARD STYLE (2002) GUIDE TO USING THE UQ LIBRARY ENDNOTE OUTPUT STYLE Harvard Style is a generic term for any style that uses citations in the text that look something like (Smith, 1999), with a bibliography

More information

Citing Sources and Credible Sources

Citing Sources and Credible Sources Citing Sources as per APA Honest and ethical reporting of research studies and their results is of paramount importance. You must take great care to produce your own work. When information from another

More information

Running head: SAMPLE FOR STUDENTS 1. Sample APA Paper for Students Interested in Learning APA Style 6th Edition. Jeffrey H. Kahn

Running head: SAMPLE FOR STUDENTS 1. Sample APA Paper for Students Interested in Learning APA Style 6th Edition. Jeffrey H. Kahn Running head: SAMPLE FOR STUDENTS 1 Sample APA Paper for Students Interested in Learning APA Style 6th Edition Jeffrey H. Kahn Illinois State University Author Note Jeffrey H. Kahn, Department of Psychology,

More information

Formatting & Editing Your Thesis or Dissertation: A Workshop Checklist for Thesis & Dissertation Writers*

Formatting & Editing Your Thesis or Dissertation: A Workshop Checklist for Thesis & Dissertation Writers* Formatting & Editing Your Thesis or Dissertation: A Workshop Checklist for Thesis & Dissertation Writers* Submit Application for Degree (pay $90 graduation fee) and Graduation Checklist forms to the Graduate

More information

APA Publications and Communications Board Working Group on Journal Article Reporting

APA Publications and Communications Board Working Group on Journal Article Reporting Guide to Citing Sources in APA Format 6th Edition Help A tutorial on the basics of APA style: http://www.apastyle.org/learn/tutorials/basics-tutorial.aspx A tutorial on changes in the 6 th edition: http://flash1r.apa.org/apastyle/whatsnew/index.htm

More information

MANT 214 Personnel/Human Resource Management Semester 1 2010. Department of Management School of Business University of Otago COURSE OUTLINE

MANT 214 Personnel/Human Resource Management Semester 1 2010. Department of Management School of Business University of Otago COURSE OUTLINE MANT 214 Personnel/Human Resource Management Semester 1 2010 Department of Management School of Business University of Otago COURSE OUTLINE MANT 214 Personnel/Human Resource Management Semester 1, 2010

More information

Psychology: APA Format Summary. Psychology Department. Mount Allison University. Revised September 2014

Psychology: APA Format Summary. Psychology Department. Mount Allison University. Revised September 2014 1 Psychology: APA Format Summary Psychology Department Mount Allison University Revised September 2014 2 Psychology: APA Format Summary APA stands for the American Psychological Association, which has

More information

CITING ONLINE SOURCES USING APA

CITING ONLINE SOURCES USING APA CITING ONLINE SOURCES USING APA The examples on this handout follow standards of the American Psychological Association (APA) documentation style. For more extensive rules and examples for use of the APA

More information

Pepperdine University Graduate School of Education and Psychology Dissertation Format Requirements Manual. APA 6 th edition format

Pepperdine University Graduate School of Education and Psychology Dissertation Format Requirements Manual. APA 6 th edition format Pepperdine University Graduate School of Education and Psychology Dissertation Format Requirements Manual APA 6 th edition format Version 10/29/2010 Table of Contents A. PEPPERDINE UNIVERSITY FORMAT...

More information

A HANDY GUIDE to APA REFERENCING

A HANDY GUIDE to APA REFERENCING A HANDY GUIDE to APA REFERENCING What is APA referencing? APA stands for American Psychological Association. They have developed their own rules for academic writing, including how you can refer to other

More information

Bauer College of Business Writing Style Guide

Bauer College of Business Writing Style Guide Bauer College of Business Writing Style Guide This guide is intended to help you adopt a style of written communication that is appropriate for the real world of business. It is not intended to replace

More information

HOW TO USE SOURCES IN YOUR PAPER. A Tutorial

HOW TO USE SOURCES IN YOUR PAPER. A Tutorial HOW TO USE SOURCES IN YOUR PAPER A Tutorial Using outside research sources I m lost!! Most writers who are asked to use outside research sources in their academic papers have problems at one time or another

More information

APA Citation Basics 6 th Edition

APA Citation Basics 6 th Edition Citation Basics 6 th Edition This guide will provide information about: Understanding the fundamentals of citations, including: o o o Capitalization rules Author formatting Organizing a reference list

More information

INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF JAPAN Public Management and Policy Analysis Program Graduate School of International Relations

INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF JAPAN Public Management and Policy Analysis Program Graduate School of International Relations Hun Myoung Park (6/13/2013) Citation Styles for Thesis Writing: 1 Hun Myoung Park INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY OF JAPAN Public Management and Policy Analysis Program Graduate School of International Relations

More information

Beginners Guide to APA: In-text and Reference List Citations

Beginners Guide to APA: In-text and Reference List Citations Beginners Guide to APA: In-text and Reference List Citations Introduction to APA Citation Citations are one of the most important components of any research project. Reference list and in-text citations

More information

Citing Mental Measurements Yearbook

Citing Mental Measurements Yearbook 1 Citing Mental Measurements Yearbook This guide provides American Psychological Association documentation style for the series of printed books, The Mental Measurements Yearbook, as well as for the online

More information

TEMPLE UNIVERSITY WRITING CENTER GUIDE TO APA DOCUMENTATION

TEMPLE UNIVERSITY WRITING CENTER GUIDE TO APA DOCUMENTATION TEMPLE UNIVERSITY WRITING CENTER GUIDE TO APA DOCUMENTATION Page 1 APA Style is a method of formatting papers and documenting sources in academic writing. It is commonly used by scholars in social sciences,

More information

The Basics: In-Text Citations

The Basics: In-Text Citations Dr. Dana Oswald recommends the format followed by American Anthropologist*, the journal of the American Anthropological Association. This is based on, with some exceptions, The Chicago Manual of Style

More information

Secure Computer Systems

Secure Computer Systems Secure Computer Systems Syllabus MCIS - 0683 Fall 2007 Glenn Allan Stout, Ph.D. Graduate School of Computer and Information Sciences Nova Southeastern University Fort Lauderdale, FL Course Syllabus MCIS

More information

PTACC Teaching Resources 2011. Submitted by. Diane L. Finley, PhD Prince George's Community College Largo MD dfinley@pgcc.edu

PTACC Teaching Resources 2011. Submitted by. Diane L. Finley, PhD Prince George's Community College Largo MD dfinley@pgcc.edu 1 PTACC Teaching Resources 2011 Submitted by Diane L. Finley, PhD Prince George's Community College Largo MD dfinley@pgcc.edu The resource I developed is used primarily for online and hybrid classes although

More information

Chicago Manual of Style 16 th Edition

Chicago Manual of Style 16 th Edition St. Catherine University Libraries http://library.stkate.edu Chicago Manual of Style 16 th Edition This handout provides citing & formatting guidance for using the Chicago Manual of Style, the citation

More information

Salkind, N. J. (2013). Tests & measurement for people who (think they) hate tests & measurement (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Salkind, N. J. (2013). Tests & measurement for people who (think they) hate tests & measurement (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Houston Graduate School of Theology COU 540 Appraisal and Assessment in Counseling Fall, 2015 Hybrid Class (On-campus and Online) Thursdays 1:30 4:00PM & Online Postings/Activities Aug 27, Sept 10, 24,

More information

APA REFERENCING GUIDE. BSc (Hons) Psychology

APA REFERENCING GUIDE. BSc (Hons) Psychology APA REFERENCING GUIDE BSc (Hons) Psychology 1 CONTENTS 1. INTRODUCTION p. 3 2. WHAT IS APA REFERENCING? p. 3 2a. Referencing and assessment p. 3 3. REFERENCING: academic and non academic work p. 4 3a.

More information

Running head: APA GUIDELINES 1

Running head: APA GUIDELINES 1 Running head: APA GUIDELINES 1 APA Guidelines for Student Papers (Holt, Hewitt, and Pijanowski) Educational Leadership Program Area CIED Department College of Education and Health Professions University

More information

1HUNTER COLLEGE READING/WRITING CENTER THE DOCUMENTED ESSAY/RESEARCH PAPER APA Documentation Style IN-TEXT REFERENCES

1HUNTER COLLEGE READING/WRITING CENTER THE DOCUMENTED ESSAY/RESEARCH PAPER APA Documentation Style IN-TEXT REFERENCES 1HUNTER COLLEGE READING/WRITING CENTER THE DOCUMENTED ESSAY/RESEARCH PAPER APA Documentation Style When writing a research paper, you must document everything from an outside source that you incorporate

More information

PAPER FORMATTING GUIDELINES FOR POLITICAL SCIENCE COURSES. VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY. (For 2013-2014 Academic Year.)

PAPER FORMATTING GUIDELINES FOR POLITICAL SCIENCE COURSES. VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY. (For 2013-2014 Academic Year.) PAPER FORMATTING GUIDELINES FOR POLITICAL SCIENCE COURSES. VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY (For 2013-2014 Academic Year.) Your paper should begin with a cover page. Put your name on it, and a title, at least. Number

More information

Grand Canyon University American Psychological Association [APA] Style Guide for Writing

Grand Canyon University American Psychological Association [APA] Style Guide for Writing Grand Canyon University American Psychological Association [APA] Style Guide for Writing Introduction Students of Grand Canyon University (GCU) are required to use the guidelines provided by the Publication

More information

MLA FORMAT A Guide to Preparing Note Cards and Bibliography Cards

MLA FORMAT A Guide to Preparing Note Cards and Bibliography Cards MLA FORMAT A Guide to Preparing Note Cards and Bibliography Cards SAMPLE NOTE CARD Facts about the Acropolis of Athens 4 Means high city Built around 6 th century BC originally as a temple to Athena It

More information

The Basics of Scientific Writing in APA Style

The Basics of Scientific Writing in APA Style The Basics of Scientific Writing in APA Style Pam Marek Kennesaw State University This chapter was prepared with the expert assistance of Terrence D. Jorgensen, M.S., Applied Statistics, Kennesaw State

More information

Bibliographies and Referencing: Chicago Style

Bibliographies and Referencing: Chicago Style Learning Services Study Guides Bibliographies and Referencing: Chicago Style 1. Introduction This guide provides an introduction to bibliographies and referencing, and should help you with general points

More information

General Turabian Guidelines

General Turabian Guidelines General Turabian Guidelines General Turabian Guidelines Format Requirements 1 inch margins / 12 pt. Times New Roman font Double Spaced (block quotes are single spaced) Page Numbers No page number on title

More information

St Patrick s College Maynooth. Faculty of Theology. Essay Writing Guidelines for Students in BD, BATh, BTh, and Higher Diploma in Theological Studies

St Patrick s College Maynooth. Faculty of Theology. Essay Writing Guidelines for Students in BD, BATh, BTh, and Higher Diploma in Theological Studies St Patrick s College Maynooth Faculty of Theology Essay Writing Guidelines for Students in BD, BATh, BTh, and Higher Diploma in Theological Studies Academic Year 2014-15 Introduction This brief essay is

More information

Referencing Guidelines for Students ( excluding law students who should follow OSCOLA guidelines )

Referencing Guidelines for Students ( excluding law students who should follow OSCOLA guidelines ) The Business School Referencing Guidelines Referencing Guidelines for Students ( excluding law students who should follow OSCOLA guidelines ) Referencing all the materials which you have used when producing

More information

EXAMPLES OF REFERENCE LIST ENTRIES AND CITATIONS IN TEXT

EXAMPLES OF REFERENCE LIST ENTRIES AND CITATIONS IN TEXT APA CITATION STYLE OKANAGAN COLLEGE LIBRARY The Okanagan College Psychology and Business Administration Departments require the use of American Psychological Association (APA) style for citing references

More information

The American Psychological Association (APA) style is a widely used referencing system to help you achieve these objectives.

The American Psychological Association (APA) style is a widely used referencing system to help you achieve these objectives. APA Referencing Style Page created: 19 th July 2011 APA Referencing Style What is it? Academic writing requires the author to support their arguments with reference to other published work or experimental

More information

Resources and Tools for Your College Research and Writing

Resources and Tools for Your College Research and Writing Resources and Tools for Your College Research and Writing Table of Contents Preparing to Research Choosing your Research Topic or Question Research Resources & Tips Catalogs of Libraries Available on the

More information

Making Knowledge Work THE CENTRE FOR PSYCHOLOGY STUDIES. Student guide to the Harvard referencing system.

Making Knowledge Work THE CENTRE FOR PSYCHOLOGY STUDIES. Student guide to the Harvard referencing system. Making Knowledge Work THE CENTRE FOR PSYCHOLOGY STUDIES Student guide to the Harvard referencing system. 2008 Introduction This document is structured into three sections. The first section introduces

More information

Chicago Style in Brief

Chicago Style in Brief Chicago Style in Brief Author-Date System Begley Library and Learning Center The information in this guide is based on the 16th edition of The Chicago Manual of Style (CMS). The Chicago style includes

More information

USING THE WORK AND WORDS OF OTHER AUTHORS

USING THE WORK AND WORDS OF OTHER AUTHORS USING THE WORK AND WORDS OF OTHER AUTHORS A short guide to APA Style for graduate students in Education at U.S. universities David R. Evans & Gretchen B. Rossman Center for International Education Education

More information

REFERENCING WITH THE APA SYSTEM

REFERENCING WITH THE APA SYSTEM CITATIONS IN THE TEXT 1 Page Numbers 2 Direct Quotations 2 More Than One Source 3 Two citations same para 3 BIBLIOGRAPHIES 3 Details Unknown 4 No Author 4 No date 5 No Page Numbers 5 No publisher 5 Place

More information

Political Science Department at the College of Charleston Guide to Referencing i

Political Science Department at the College of Charleston Guide to Referencing i Political Science Department at the College of Charleston Guide to Referencing i Scholarly sources: A scholarly source is a peer-reviewed article, typically found in academic journals, in hardcopy or online,

More information

Running head: SAMPLE APA PAPER 1

Running head: SAMPLE APA PAPER 1 Running head: SAMPLE APA PAPER 1 The running head is now flush left in the header and is present on all pages of the paper. Start the page numbers on the title page Center this information from left to

More information

Academic Integrity. Writing the Research Paper

Academic Integrity. Writing the Research Paper Academic Integrity Writing the Research Paper A C A D E M I C I N T E G R I T Y W R I T I N G T H E R E S E A R C H P A P E R Academic Integrity is an impressive-sounding phrase. What does it mean? While

More information

Step-by-Step Instructions for Setting Up a Paper in APA Format

Step-by-Step Instructions for Setting Up a Paper in APA Format Step-by-Step Instructions for Setting Up a Paper in APA Format These instructions will help you format all three parts of your paper: 1. the title or cover page 2. the paper 3. the reference page 1. TITLE

More information

APA Manuscript Format (6 th Edition Publication Manual, 3rd printing)

APA Manuscript Format (6 th Edition Publication Manual, 3rd printing) Developed by Student Learning Services and Mary Ann Wiebe, Associate Professor, School of Nursing, Mount Royal University APA Manuscript Format (6 th Edition Publication Manual, 3rd printing) [page numbers

More information

APA Documentation. What is APA style? 1

APA Documentation. What is APA style? 1 APA Documentation Quick Orientation to APA APA Parenthetical Citation Create an APA Reference List Format a Paper Using APA Guidelines Format APA Headings for a Paper Review APA Usage and Style Guidelines

More information

Chicago Basic Style Guide

Chicago Basic Style Guide Student Learning Support Writing Support Overview Chicago Basic Style Guide The Chicago Manual of Style is often referred to as Turabian, CMS, or simply Chicago. CMS is the oldest of the academic style

More information

Format of Citation in Reference List

Format of Citation in Reference List APA Essentials Improve your grades and prevent plagiarism! Use this handout to create a reference list and in-text or parenthetical citations for the most common resources: books, articles in journals,

More information

Citing Sources - APA Style

Citing Sources - APA Style Citing Sources - APA Style (American Psychological Association) Information and Examples Ivy Tech Community College Northwest Northwest Libraries Note: Students should also comply with documentation requirements

More information