APA Format: General Guidelines

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "APA Format: General Guidelines"

Transcription

1 APA Format: General Guidelines Overall Format Use 1-inch margins all around Double-space all text Use 12-point Serif type, e.g., Times or Times New Roman Use italics only when specifically called for. See Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association [APA] (5 th ed.), pp , for specific guidelines. Boldfaced type is used for the statistical notation only; there should be no reason to use boldfaced type in this class. Title Page (See samples following) Running Head Use 1-inch margins, top and left Type the words: Running head followed by a colon Follow the colon with the title or part of the title up to 50 characters, including spaces, uppercase Page Header Include a few key words from the title, uppercase and lowercase, and the page number (with approximately 5 spaces in between) Use header function on the computer Use right tab to place the page number at the right-hand margin Title, Byline (Your Name), Institutional Affiliation Center vertically and horizontally Format uppercase and lowercase; double space Excerpted and adapted from American Psychological Association. (2001). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (5 th ed.). Washington, DC: Author.

2 Basic Requirements 1 Running head: BASIC REQUIREMENTS OF AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL Basic Requirements of American Psychological Association Writing Format Betty J. Skaggs, Alice Redland, and Leslie Kronz University of Texas at Austin School of Nursing

3 Body of Paper (See sample following) Format the body of the paper flush left; ragged right Include the title, uppercase and lowercase, centered, at the top of the first page of text (Level 1 heading, see below) Include page header on every page of the paper, including the title and reference pages (see above for specifics regarding page headers) Indent first line of each paragraph 1/2 inch

4 Basic Requirements 2 Basic Requirements of American Psychological Association Writing Format Citation of the source of information and ideas is an integral part of any scholarly paper. When the work of another person is quoted directly, paraphrased, or used as a source for thoughts and opinions, the use of that person s literary and scientific efforts must be acknowledged. Because citation formats vary, neophytes often have difficulty in selecting and consistently following one citation format. Consequently, the School of Nursing has selected a format widely used for scientific writing, one that will be most useful to you at this time and in the future. The official writing format for all work at the UT School of Nursing is the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (2001), hereafter called the APA Manual. All papers written for course work in the School must follow these guidelines. The American Psychological Association (APA) writing style was devised to promote clear communication between an author (student) and her/his publisher (faculty). Requirements such as specifications for margins, line spacing, and headers, serve a purpose. For instance, the large margins and double spacing provide ample space for the editor to make notes on the paper and the typesetter to read the editing marks. Headers serve to get lost pages back with the right document. Therefore, using APA guidelines correctly will benefit students by facilitating clear communication with faculty, meeting the objectives of the assignment, producing better grades, and preparing students for future professional tasks. This paper demonstrates APA formatting and presents some common problem areas, such as citations, direct quote references, plagiarism, and formatting techniques. Study the form and content of this paper, and consult the APA Manual, available in the Learning Center. Of course, faculty and/or the teaching assistant have the final word on the requirements of the paper you are to submit they may decide to adjust some requirements to meet the objectives of the

5 Levels of Heading Use headings to establish via format the hierarchy of sections to orient the reader (similar to the levels in an outline). Use at least two subsection headings within any given section, or use none. Start each section with the highest level of heading, even if one section may have fewer levels of subheading than another section. Do NOT label the introduction as such. It is assumed to be the introduction. Examples APA allows for as many as five levels of heading to be used, depending on the complexity of the paper. This document shows the format for use of one and two levels of heading below. For additional information, consult APA, pp One Level. For a short article, one level of heading may be sufficient. In such cases, use only centered uppercase and lowercase headings (Level 1 headings). Do NOT bold headings. Basic Requirements of American Psychological Association Writing Format Two Levels. For many articles in APA journals, two levels of heading meet the requirements. Use Level 1 and Level 3 headings. Level 1 is centered, uppercase and lowercase. Level 3 is flush left, italicized, uppercase and lowercase. Procedure Method

6 Seriation Enumerate elements in a series to prevent misreading or to clarify the sequence or relationship between elements. Make sure items in a series are syntactically and conceptually parallel. Within a paragraph or sentence Within a sentence when elements do not have internal commas The participant s three choices were (a) working with another participant, (b) working with a team, and (c) working alone. Within a sentence when elements have internal commas We tested three groups: (a) low scorers, who scored fewer than 20 points; (b) moderate scorers, who scored between 20 and 50 points; and (c) high scorers, who scored more than 50 points. If the elements of a series within a paragraph constitute a compound sentence and are preceded by a colon. The experiments on which we report were designed to address two such findings: (a) Only a limited class of patterned stimuli, when paired with color, subsequently contingently elicit after-effects, and (b) decreasing the correlation between grid and color does not degrade the McCollough effect.

7 Separate paragraphs in a series Using the learned helplessness theory, we predicted that the depressed and nondepressed participants would make the following judgments of control: 1. Begin with paragraph indent. Type second and succeeding lines flush left. 2. The second item begins a new paragraph.

8 Citations Using another author s words or ideas necessitates giving that person or persons credit. Quoting: Using the exact words of another. Requires quotation marks and citation. Paraphrasing: Using another s ideas stated in your own words. Requires citation. Plagiarism: Using someone else s words or ideas without attribution. Constitutes academic dishonesty. Guidelines for Citing works In Text Use author date format in text. This abbreviated citation refers the reader to the complete citation listed on the reference page. When using a direct quotation, cite author, year and page number(s) (paragraph numbers should be used when citing text from on-line documents in which there is no pagination or the pagination is not consistent with that of the print version of a given work). When paraphrasing an author s words, cite the author and year of publication. It is not necessary to use page numbers in the citation, although APA encourages you to do so when it would help your reader find a passage in a particularly long or difficult text. In all instances, use only the surname(s) of the author(s) in text. When a work has two authors, always use both authors surnames. When a work has three to five authors, use all authors surnames the first time you cite the work. In subsequent citations use the first author s surname followed by the words et al. (Note: et al. is NOT italicized and a period follows the word al. ) When a work has six or more authors, use only the first author s surname followed by the words et al.

9 When two or more works shorten to the same form (that is, they shorten to a form that has the same author s surname and the same year), cite as many authors as necessary to distinguish the two works from one another and then use the words et al. When surnames are used as part of the prose, separate the last two names by using the word and : Jones, Martin, and Richardson (1998) state When surnames are used in parentheses, separate the last two names by using an ampersand (&): (Edge & Groves, 1999). Examples Direct quotation of fewer than forty words, institutional author If and only if, the work is signed Anonymous, the entry begins with the word Anonymous spelled out, and the entry is alphabetized as if Anonymous were a true name (American Psychological Association [APA], 2001, p. 221). Direct quotation of fewer than forty words, falling mid-sentence She stated, The placebo effect disappeared when behaviors were studied in this manner (Miele, 1993, p. 276), but she did not clarify which behaviors were studied. Direct quotation of forty or more words Extended quotations of 40 or more words are block indented approximately 1/2 inch (or five spaces) and double-spaced as in the following example. Quotation marks are note used. Another is that the essence of writing is rewriting. Very few writers say on their first try exactly what they want to say.... Effortless articles that look as if they were dashed off are the result of strenuous effort. A piece of writing must be viewed as a constantly evolving organism. (Zinsser, 1998, p. 15)

10 Alternate sentence structures for in-text citations Johnson (1995) stated... In 1995, Johnson stated... Second or subsequent references to a study within a paragraph The first time a work is cited in text, note both author and date. Subsequent entries in the same paragraph need not repeat the date of publication as long is the work cited cannot be confused with another work. found... In a recent study of reaction times, Walker (2000) described the method... Walker also Citing a secondary source In text, name the original work, and give a citation for the secondary source: The American Hospital Association's Patient's Bill of Rights (as cited in Edge & Groves, 1999) is an important document that guides ethical practice within the hospital setting. In the reference list give the secondary source: Edge, R. S., & Groves, J. R. (1999). Ethics of health care: A guide for clinical practice (2nd ed.). Albany, NY: Delmar. Citing personal communications and lecture notes These sources are cited in text only. (M. Jones, personal communication, May 4, 1988) (K. Smith, lecture notes, July 10, 1987)

11 Reference List Most reference citations refer to works in print or works available on line. (For alternate media, see the APA Manual.) Reference citations of print works generally include author, date, title and publication information. The format varies depending on whether the citation refers to a journal article, a chapter in a book or a book. See examples of common forms below. Reference citations of on-line works will vary, but generally include author, date and location of the text (URL or database name). See examples of common forms below. Formatting the Reference List Include only works cited in the paper. Type the word References at the top of the page (centered, uppercase and lowercase). Double-space the heading and list. Begin the first line of each entry at the standard left-hand margin. Indent subsequent lines of each entry 1/2 inch. This is called a hanging indent. List the entries alphabetically by the first word in each entry, generally the author(s) Author Begin each entry with the author or authors of a work. Use authors surnames and initials, inverted: Litchfield, J. Separate authors names by using a comma; use an ampersand before the last author s name: Stanley, N., Manthorpe, J., & Bradley, G. For a work with six or fewer authors, include all authors names. For a work by more than six authors, include the first six authors names and the words et al. If a work has no author, move the title to the author position.

12 Date Give the copyright date in parentheses following the author s name. For books and journal articles, give the year only: (2003) For meetings; monthly magazines, newsletters and newspapers, give the year and month: (2003, May) For dailies and weeklies, give the year, month and day: (2003, November 4) For a work accepted for publication but not yet published, use: (in press) For a work on which no date appears, use: (n.d.) Title and Publication Information Give title and publication information following the date. The information included and format will vary depending on the type of print material cited. Reference Citations: Print Sources, Books In citing a book, give the complete title, italicized. Capitalize only the first letter of the first word, the first letter of proper nouns and the first letter of any word following a colon. Follow the title with the city and state of publication (U.S. Postal abbreviation). If the city is well known and cannot be confused with another city, use the city name only (e.g., New York, Philadelphia). Follow the place of publication with a colon. Then give the publisher s name. Eliminate words such as Publisher, Co., Inc., etc. from publisher s name. Keep the words Books or Press.

13 Examples Citing a book by a single author. Zinsser, W. (1988). Writing to learn. New York: Harper & Row. Citing a book by a group author. American Nurses Association. (1987). Computers in nursing education. Kansas City, MO: Author. Citing a book by two authors, with an edition number Campbell, W. G., & Ballou, S. V. (1987). Form and style (5th ed.). New York: Houghton Mifflin. Citing a chapter in a book edited by another writer Grobe, S. J. (1994). Nursing informatics: State of the science. In J. H. van Bemmel & A. T. McCray (Eds.), Yearbook of medical informatics: Advanced communications in health care (pp ). Stuttgart: Schatlauer Verlagsgesellschaft mbh.

14 Reference Citations: Print Sources, Journal Articles In citing a journal article, give the complete title of the article NOT italicized and without quotation marks. Capitalize only the first letter of the first word, the first letter of proper nouns and the first letter of any word following a colon. Follow the article title with the complete title of the journal, italicized, uppercase and lower case. Follow the journal title with a comma and give the volume number, also italicized. The issue number will follow the volume number in parentheses, NOT italicized. Give page numbers for journal articles, inclusive. Examples Citing a journal article Hays, B. J., Norris, J., Martin, K. S., & Androwich, I. (1994). Informatics issues for nursing s future. Advances in Nursing Science, 16 (4), Citing a journal article with sequential numbering Loepprich, J. C., & Smith, J. L. ( ). Can computers solve nursing s information overload? Imprint, 30,

15 Reference Citations: On-line Sources Material available on line changes frequently. Therefore, include the date of retrieval in citations of most on-line material. (See the second example below.) When citing a URL, (1) use an address that takes the reader as close as possible to the material cited, and (2) make sure the URL works. Examples A reference citation for an Internet-only journal article Mackey, T. A., & Cole, F. L. (1997). Patient waiting times in a nurse managed clinic. The Internet Journal of Advanced Nursing Practice N1. Retrieved October 15, 2001, from A reference citation for an Internet article based on a print source Acton, G. S., Prochaska, J. J., Kaplan, A. S., Small, T., & Hall, S. M. (2001). Depression and stages of change for smoking in psychiatric outpatients [Electronic version]. Addictive Behaviors, 26, A reference citation for an Internet article based on a print source in which information has been changed VandenBos, G., Knapp, S., & Doe, J. (2001). Role of reference elements in the selection of resources by psychology undergraduates. Journal of Bibliographic Research, 5, Retrieved October 13, 2001, from

16 A reference citation for an article from an aggregated database Rew, L. (2003). A theory of taking care of oneself grounded in experiences of homeless youth. Nursing Research, 52 (4), Retrieved December 4, 2003, from CINAHL database. A reference citation for report from a private organization, available on their Web Site: Canarie, Inc. (1997, September 27). Towards a Canadian health IWAY: Vision, opportunities and future steps. Retrieved November 8, 2000, from A reference citation for an independent document, no author identified GVU s 8 th WWW user survey. (n.d.) Retrieved August 8, 2000, from usersurveys/survey / On-line APA Assistance UWC (Undergraduate Writing Center) Purdue University (homepage) American Psychological Association (updated information on electronic formats)

SIXTH EDITION APA GUIDELINES 1 THE UNIVERSITY OF AKRON COLLEGE OF NURSING. American Psychological Association (APA) Style Guidelines Sixth Edition

SIXTH EDITION APA GUIDELINES 1 THE UNIVERSITY OF AKRON COLLEGE OF NURSING. American Psychological Association (APA) Style Guidelines Sixth Edition SIXTH EDITION APA GUIDELINES 1 THE UNIVERSITY OF AKRON COLLEGE OF NURSING American Psychological Association (APA) Style Guidelines Sixth Edition The following information is provided as the highlights

More information

Running head: SAMPLE APA PAPER FOR STUDENTS 1

Running head: SAMPLE APA PAPER FOR STUDENTS 1 Running head: SAMPLE APA PAPER FOR STUDENTS 1 RUNNING HEAD: Yes, it will say, Running head:...., but only on the first page. Use an abbreviated form of the title (not exceeding 50 characters, which will

More information

Unraveling APA: The Keys to Success. Leslie Foutch Peabody Library

Unraveling APA: The Keys to Success. Leslie Foutch Peabody Library Unraveling APA: The Keys to Success Leslie Foutch Peabody Library What is APA? APA citation style was designed to advance scholarship by developing rigorous standards for scientific communication. The

More information

Running head: EXAMPLE APA STYLE PAPER 1. Example of an APA Style Paper. Justine Berry. Austin Peay State University

Running head: EXAMPLE APA STYLE PAPER 1. Example of an APA Style Paper. Justine Berry. Austin Peay State University Running head: EXAMPLE APA STYLE PAPER 1 Example of an APA Style Paper Justine Berry Austin Peay State University EXAMPLE APA STYLE PAPER 2 Abstract APA format is the official style used by the American

More information

APA General Format: Research Papers. Title Page

APA General Format: Research Papers. Title Page APA General Format: Research Papers General format for papers written in APA style is covered in the first chapter of the Publication Manual (Call number here at Morrisville College Library: REF BF 76.7.P83

More information

SOE GUIDELINES FOR APA STYLE FOR PAPERS, THESES AND DISSERTATIONS. School of Education Colorado State University

SOE GUIDELINES FOR APA STYLE FOR PAPERS, THESES AND DISSERTATIONS. School of Education Colorado State University SOE GUIDELINES FOR APA STYLE SOE PD 32 FOR PAPERS, THESES AND DISSERTATIONS School of Education Colorado State University This document has three major sections: differences between APA and SOE styles,

More information

BSN HANDBOOK 2009 APPENDIX D APA WRITING GUIDELINES

BSN HANDBOOK 2009 APPENDIX D APA WRITING GUIDELINES Introduction BSN HANDBOOK 2009 APPENDIX D APA WRITING GUIDELINES Basic Use of APA Format Tips for Writing a Professional Paper Prepared for the Finlandia University Nursing Program Using APA Publication

More information

Pepperdine University Graduate School of Education and Psychology Dissertation Format Requirements Manual. APA 6 th edition format

Pepperdine University Graduate School of Education and Psychology Dissertation Format Requirements Manual. APA 6 th edition format Pepperdine University Graduate School of Education and Psychology Dissertation Format Requirements Manual APA 6 th edition format Version 10/29/2010 Table of Contents A. PEPPERDINE UNIVERSITY FORMAT...

More information

BSN GUIDE 1 BSN GUIDE FOR SCHOLARLY PAPERS

BSN GUIDE 1 BSN GUIDE FOR SCHOLARLY PAPERS BSN GUIDE 1 BSN GUIDE FOR SCHOLARLY PAPERS This guide is to assist the BSN student in utilizing the American Psychological Association (APA) format and writing in a professional style. The focus of this

More information

Running head: SAMPLE APA 1

Running head: SAMPLE APA 1 Running head: SAMPLE APA 1 The upper heading should be created using the Headers & Footers function in Word, be ½ from the top of the page, and show up on every page of the paper. The content of the upper

More information

Text Margins 1 inch all around Typing -Do not break (hyphenate) words at end of a line.

Text Margins 1 inch all around Typing -Do not break (hyphenate) words at end of a line. A P A 6 th Edition Sample Paper Text Margins 1 inch all around Typing -Do not break (hyphenate) words at end of a line. -Indent the first line of every paragraph except for the abstract page (The default

More information

SOE GUIDELINES FOR MODIFYING APA STYLE TO SUPPLEMENT THE CSU FORMATTING GUIDE FOR DISSERTATIONS. School of Education Colorado State University

SOE GUIDELINES FOR MODIFYING APA STYLE TO SUPPLEMENT THE CSU FORMATTING GUIDE FOR DISSERTATIONS. School of Education Colorado State University March 2013 SOE GUIDELINES FOR MODIFYING APA STYLE TO SUPPLEMENT THE CSU FORMATTING GUIDE FOR DISSERTATIONS School of Education Colorado State University The Colorado State University Thesis Manual (http://graduateschool.colostate.edu/documents

More information

Example Paper for the Writing and Grading of Students Papers. in the American Psychological Association (APA) Style

Example Paper for the Writing and Grading of Students Papers. in the American Psychological Association (APA) Style Example Paper 1 Running head: EXAMPLE PAPER FOR GRADING APA Example Paper for the Writing and Grading of Students Papers in the American Psychological Association (APA) Style Norm Stradleigh Course Information

More information

APA Guidelines for Nursing Students

APA Guidelines for Nursing Students 1 APA Guidelines for Nursing Students Scholarly knowledge and research within the discipline of nursing has significance only when its results are shared with the larger scholarly and research community.

More information

APA 6 th Edition Formatting and Style Guide. Lakehead University Writing Center Workshop

APA 6 th Edition Formatting and Style Guide. Lakehead University Writing Center Workshop APA 6 th Edition Formatting and Style Guide Lakehead University Writing Center Workshop Presentation Overview Why document? Research tips Formatting quotations General APA guidelines Specific guidelines:

More information

What is APA? Rules for how your paper looks on the page and how to give credit for the sources used in your essay

What is APA? Rules for how your paper looks on the page and how to give credit for the sources used in your essay 6411American Psychological Association UMKC Writing Studio 816.235.1146 writingstudio@umkc.edu www.umkc.edu/writingstudio APA Style. What is APA? Formatting standards set up by the American Psychological

More information

Running head: APA GUIDELINES 1

Running head: APA GUIDELINES 1 Running head: APA GUIDELINES 1 APA Guidelines for Student Papers (Holt, Hewitt, and Pijanowski) Educational Leadership Program Area CIED Department College of Education and Health Professions University

More information

Creating APA Style Research Papers (6th Ed.)

Creating APA Style Research Papers (6th Ed.) Creating APA Style Research Papers (6th Ed.) All the recommended formatting in this guide was created with Microsoft Word 2010 for Windows and Word 2011 for Mac. If you are going to use another version

More information

APA Style and Formatting Explained

APA Style and Formatting Explained APA Style and Formatting Explained January 31, 2012 1 Table of Contents Overview... 2 In-text Citations... 3 Citing a Paraphrase Examples... 4 Citing Quotations Examples... 5 The Reference List General

More information

Running head: WRITING AN APA PAPER 1. Writing a Paper in APA Style. Lisa Blackwell Wan. Tarleton State University

Running head: WRITING AN APA PAPER 1. Writing a Paper in APA Style. Lisa Blackwell Wan. Tarleton State University Running head: WRITING AN APA PAPER 1 Commented [BMLJ1]: Pagination begins on this page, the title page. Commented [BMLJ2]: Use Times New Roman font, 12 pica, with double-spacing throughout your paper.

More information

APA STYLE: AN INTRODUCTION. Presented by the ULM Library Reference Department

APA STYLE: AN INTRODUCTION. Presented by the ULM Library Reference Department APA STYLE: AN INTRODUCTION Presented by the ULM Library Reference Department Session Overview What is APA style? General Guidelines The Basics Parts of a Paper Citations Footnotes + Endnotes Resources

More information

APA Research Paper Template Instructions

APA Research Paper Template Instructions APA Research Paper Template Instructions The American Psychological Association (APA) style for formatting an essay is not a setting in Microsoft Word 2010. However, by following these steps, you can set

More information

APA In-text Citations

APA In-text Citations APA In-text Citations This handout was compiled using the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition and http://www.apastyle.org/ Examples were adapted from Penn State

More information

American Psychological Association (APA) Style

American Psychological Association (APA) Style American Psychological Association (APA) Style American Psychological Association Style (APA) is one of the top three citation styles used by editors, professors, and publishers as an aid to preparing

More information

SAMPLE TURABIAN STYLE PAPER

SAMPLE TURABIAN STYLE PAPER SAMPLE TURABIAN STYLE PAPER John Doe History 2010 Dr. Johnson July 11, 2014 Doe 1 The Turabian style sample essay has been prepared to help answer some of the questions and problems that you may have when

More information

Nursing Student s Guide for Citing Your Sources -- APA Citation Style 6 th ed.

Nursing Student s Guide for Citing Your Sources -- APA Citation Style 6 th ed. APA Nursing 1 Nursing Student s Guide for Citing Your Sources -- APA Citation Style 6 th ed. This guide is a modification of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6 th edition

More information

Guidelines for Writing An APA Style Lab Report

Guidelines for Writing An APA Style Lab Report Guidelines for Writing An APA Style Lab Report Research articles in psychology follow a specific format as set forth by the American Psychological Association (APA Style). The following sections describe

More information

APA-Style Guidelines. Content

APA-Style Guidelines. Content APA-Style Guidelines Content 1. Capitalization... 2 2. Decimal Fractions... 3 3. Statistical Symbols... 3 4. In-Text Citations... 3 5. Reference List... 5 Author Names... 5 Titles... 6 Reference Format...

More information

Guide to APA Style. What is APA style?

Guide to APA Style. What is APA style? Guide to APA Style Dr. Blakemore PSY 100 What is APA style? Writing style developed by the American Psychological Association Used in many social and behavioral sciences and other fields such as communication,

More information

APA Formatting For Dixie State College Nursing Students. An A. Student. Dixie State College

APA Formatting For Dixie State College Nursing Students. An A. Student. Dixie State College Running head: APA FORMATTING FOR STUDENTS 1 APA Formatting For Dixie State College Nursing Students An A. Student Dixie State College APA Formatting for Dixie State College Nursing Students 2 Nursing students

More information

APA FORMATTING RESOURCES FOR WRITTEN ASSIGNMENTS

APA FORMATTING RESOURCES FOR WRITTEN ASSIGNMENTS APA FORMATTING RESOURCES FOR WRITTEN ASSIGNMENTS www.apastyle.org Do not use Owl/Purdue for APA resource Using APA style formatting for written assignments in the nursing field is the accepted method of

More information

Essay Formatting: APA, Chicago, MLA

Essay Formatting: APA, Chicago, MLA General APA Guidelines Essay Formatting: APA, Chicago, MLA Your essay should be typed, double-spaced with 1" margins on 8.5" x 11" paper. The preferred typeface is Times New Roman, with a 12-point font

More information

THESIS FULL TITLE. by STUDENT FULL NAME

THESIS FULL TITLE. by STUDENT FULL NAME THESIS FULL TITLE by STUDENT FULL NAME A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Business Administration to Office of Research, Innovation & Commercialization

More information

APA Citation Style. From the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6 th ed., 2009.

APA Citation Style. From the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6 th ed., 2009. APA Citation Style From the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6 th ed., 2009. Copies of the handbook are available at the WGTC library ready reference desk (BF76.7.P84) APA

More information

Guide to Formatting Papers: APA Style. Terry Student (your name here) M.A. Program in Organizational Leadership Mansfield University.

Guide to Formatting Papers: APA Style. Terry Student (your name here) M.A. Program in Organizational Leadership Mansfield University. Guide to Formatting 1 Header (consisting of the first 2-3 words of the title) w/page number at.5 from the top of page, 1 from right edge of page, and right justified. Insert the page number in the header,

More information

Office of Research and Graduate Studies

Office of Research and Graduate Studies Office of Research and Graduate Studies Duncan Hayse, MA, MFA Coordinator Theses, Doctoral Projects, and Dissertations CONTACT: http://www.uiw.edu/orgs/writing/index.html hayse@uiwtx.edu APA review for

More information

Crash Course in APA Style: Documentation for Academic Writing. Sting Y. Jacket. Black Hills State University. Running head: CRASH COURSE IN APA STYLE

Crash Course in APA Style: Documentation for Academic Writing. Sting Y. Jacket. Black Hills State University. Running head: CRASH COURSE IN APA STYLE 1 Running head: CRASH COURSE IN APA STYLE Comment [A1]: The label running head only appears on the title page; all caps are used for the shortened version of the title. Crash Course in APA Style: Documentation

More information

APA Styles: Formatting and Editorial Styles

APA Styles: Formatting and Editorial Styles APA Styles: Formatting and Editorial Styles APA Formatting: Parts of an APA Style Paper Title page with Author Note Abstract page Body of paper with Introduction Method Results Discussion References Tables

More information

American Psychological Association APA Documentation Style (Adapted from the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6 th ed.

American Psychological Association APA Documentation Style (Adapted from the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6 th ed. American Psychological Association APA Documentation Style (Adapted from the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6 th ed.) CITING APA REFERENCES IN TEXT APA s in-text citations

More information

Style Guide for the Applied Dissertation

Style Guide for the Applied Dissertation Style Guide for the Applied Dissertation August 2009 The Style Guide for the Applied Dissertation describes the required format and style for applied dissertations at the Fischler School of Education and

More information

College of Education, Health, and Human Services. Kent State University

College of Education, Health, and Human Services. Kent State University 1 Guidelines for Preparation of Theses and Dissertations College of Education, Health, and Human Services Kent State University Revised Summer 2011 2 TABLE 0F CONTENTS PREFACE............................................................

More information

DEPARTMENT OF LEADERSHIP STUDIES DISSERTATION FORMATTING. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, sixth edition

DEPARTMENT OF LEADERSHIP STUDIES DISSERTATION FORMATTING. The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, sixth edition DEPARTMENT OF LEADERSHIP STUDIES DISSERTATION FORMATTING The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, sixth edition (American Psychological Association, 2010, ISBN # 1-4338-0561-8),

More information

Running head: WRITING RESEARCH PAPERS 1. A Guide for Writing APA Style Research Papers. Susan B. Smith. Capital Community College

Running head: WRITING RESEARCH PAPERS 1. A Guide for Writing APA Style Research Papers. Susan B. Smith. Capital Community College PROVIDE A RUNNING HEAD OR SHORT TITLE OF YOUR PAPER IN ALL CAPS FOR EACH PAGE OF THE PAPER Based on the Sixth Ed. of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. Updated September

More information

MLA Format Example and Guidelines

MLA Format Example and Guidelines MLA Format Example and Guidelines Fleming 1 John Fleming Professor Daniels ENGL 1301 One-inch margins on all sides. EVERYTHING double spaced. EVERYTHING in Times New Roman 12 pt. font size. For more details

More information

Turabian 8 th Edition

Turabian 8 th Edition Turabian 8 th Edition Beulah Heights University Writing Lab Disclosure! Instructions are for Microsoft Word 2010 & 2013! Follow the general format! Consult the instructor! Consult the 8 th edition Turabian

More information

TABLE OF CONTENTS WHAT IS MEANT BY REFERENCING AND CITING?...3 WHY IS REFERENCING IMPORTANT?...3 PLAGIARISM..3 HOW TO AVOID PLAGIARISM...

TABLE OF CONTENTS WHAT IS MEANT BY REFERENCING AND CITING?...3 WHY IS REFERENCING IMPORTANT?...3 PLAGIARISM..3 HOW TO AVOID PLAGIARISM... Updated 10/07/08 TABLE OF CONTENTS WHAT IS MEANT BY REFERENCING AND CITING?...3 WHY IS REFERENCING IMPORTANT?...3 PLAGIARISM..3 HOW TO AVOID PLAGIARISM...4 THE HARVARD SYSTEM...5 IN-TEXT CITATION 5 COMPILING

More information

APA Style Formatting

APA Style Formatting Student Learning Support Writing Support APA Style Formatting Overview The American Psychological Association style is commonly referred to as APA. Like other styles, all pages should be formatted with

More information

INTRODUCTION TO APA STYLE

INTRODUCTION TO APA STYLE University of North Alabama INTRODUCTION TO APA STYLE Center for WRITING EXCELLENCE Cayla Buttram David MacMillan III Dr. Robert T. Koch Jr. January 2013 INTRODUCTION TO APA STYLE 2 Contents Elements of

More information

APA Style: The Basics

APA Style: The Basics APA Style: The Basics Dr. Robert T. Koch Jr., Dr. Kat Richards, Ms. Katie Sanders, Mr. Ash Taylor, Ms. Cayla Buttram Center for Writing Excellence University of North Alabama June 2013 Citation & Documentation

More information

APA 6 th Edition Summarized by Rose Steele, Ph.D., York University

APA 6 th Edition Summarized by Rose Steele, Ph.D., York University APA 6 th Edition Summarized by Rose Steele, Ph.D., York University Chapter One: Writing for the Behavioral and Social Sciences (pp. 9-20) Plagiarism and Self-Plagiarism (pp. 15-16) Credit must be given

More information

APA (6 th edition) Quick Guide 1

APA (6 th edition) Quick Guide 1 SPRING 2010 1 Hamilton College Communication Department APA (6 th edition) Quick Guide 1 This guide covers the core elements of APA style; it is not comprehensive. Not all variations of citation and reference

More information

BASICS OF APA STYLE FOR REFERENCES

BASICS OF APA STYLE FOR REFERENCES 1 BASICS OF APA STYLE FOR REFERENCES This guide is intended to assist you with APA Style and Format for citing references in text and in your reference list. It is also meant to point you to the relevant

More information

Appendix 3: APA reference style

Appendix 3: APA reference style Appendix 3: APA reference style Tip! See http://www.apastyle.org/ to obtain information about APA style. The full guidelines are published in the Sixth Edition of the Publication Manual of the American

More information

APA Style Citations & References A Guide for Psychology Undergraduates

APA Style Citations & References A Guide for Psychology Undergraduates APA Style Citations & References A Guide for Psychology Undergraduates 1 Why Cite? Whenever you report something that you have read, you have an ethical and a practical responsibility to cite where you

More information

(The running head is what gets printed across the top of journal pages. The 50 characters

(The running head is what gets printed across the top of journal pages. The 50 characters THIS IS THE RUNNING HEAD IN UP TO 50 CHARACTERS 1 (The running head is what gets printed across the top of journal pages. The 50 characters include spaces. It usually contains as much as the title that

More information

APA Style. Formatting and Style Guide

APA Style. Formatting and Style Guide APA Style Formatting and Style Guide APA? APA- American Psychological Association originated in 1929 Group of psychologist, anthropologist, and business managers convened and sough to establish a simple

More information

UTT LIBRARIES APA STYLE FORMATTING. A Brief Guide

UTT LIBRARIES APA STYLE FORMATTING. A Brief Guide UTT LIBRARIES APA STYLE FORMATTING A Brief Guide Revised October 2010 UTT LIBRARIES 2 BRIEF GUIDE TO FORMATTING A RESEARCH PAPER USING THE APA STYLE As part of the course requirements at tertiary level,

More information

APA Documentation. What is APA style? 1

APA Documentation. What is APA style? 1 APA Documentation Quick Orientation to APA APA Parenthetical Citation Create an APA Reference List Format a Paper Using APA Guidelines Format APA Headings for a Paper Review APA Usage and Style Guidelines

More information

Use APA Style Formatting with Microsoft Word 2010

Use APA Style Formatting with Microsoft Word 2010 A Guide on How To Use APA Style Formatting with Microsoft Word 2010 0 Elftmann Student Success Center A Guide on How To Use APA Style Formatting with Microsoft Word 2010 T. Milligan 2014 D u n w o o d

More information

How to Format Your Paper for the 12 th Annual National Symposium on Student Retention

How to Format Your Paper for the 12 th Annual National Symposium on Student Retention How to Format Your Paper for the 12 th Annual National Symposium on Student Retention Sandra Whalen Director, CSRDE swhalen@ou.edu Jennifer Robertson Managerial Associate, CSRDE jrobertson.art@ou.edu Brittnee

More information

A Very Correct APA Style Paper: Getting the Details Right. Jordan A. Student. Brenau University. Running head: A VERY CORRECT APA STYLE PAPER 1

A Very Correct APA Style Paper: Getting the Details Right. Jordan A. Student. Brenau University. Running head: A VERY CORRECT APA STYLE PAPER 1 Running head: A VERY CORRECT APA STYLE PAPER 1 Comment [MSOffice1]: The running head is a short title for the paper placed at the left margin. Each letter of the running head is capitalized. The number

More information

Accounting Review (The)

Accounting Review (The) Accounting Review (The) 1 ADDRESS FOR SUBMISSION: Terry Shevlin, Editor Accounting Review (The) University of Washington Business School Department of Accounting Box 353200 Seattle, WA 98195-3200 USA Phone:

More information

Grand Canyon University American Psychological Association [APA] Style Guide for Writing

Grand Canyon University American Psychological Association [APA] Style Guide for Writing Grand Canyon University American Psychological Association [APA] Style Guide for Writing Introduction Students of Grand Canyon University (GCU) are required to use the guidelines provided by the Publication

More information

APA Manuscript Format (6 th Edition Publication Manual, 3rd printing)

APA Manuscript Format (6 th Edition Publication Manual, 3rd printing) Developed by Student Learning Services and Mary Ann Wiebe, Associate Professor, School of Nursing, Mount Royal University APA Manuscript Format (6 th Edition Publication Manual, 3rd printing) [page numbers

More information

Introduction to APA Style

Introduction to APA Style Introduction to APA Style Most classes in psychology will require you to write your papers in APA style, which is a writing style described in the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association

More information

APA Style: Citing References in Text

APA Style: Citing References in Text APA Style: Citing References in Text APA citation style is an author-date system of referencing other people s words and ideas within the text of a paper. Sources are briefly identified within the text

More information

American Psychological Association [APA] Citation Guidelines, 6 th Edition

American Psychological Association [APA] Citation Guidelines, 6 th Edition American Psychological Association [APA] Citation Guidelines, 6 th Edition When documenting a source using APA, an author has the choice of placing the citation at the beginning of the sentence or at the

More information

Writing Style Handbook

Writing Style Handbook Writing Style Handbook May 2007 Accreditation Statement University of Phoenix is accredited by The Higher Learning Commission and is a member of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools: 30

More information

Research Documentation APA FORMAT

Research Documentation APA FORMAT Research Documentation APA FORMAT Research Documentation: APA Format is presented in conjunction with the Publication Manual Of the American Psychological Association, 6 th Edition. Please note: T H E

More information

Writing a Successful Paper: Using APA Style. Your Name Here. Arizona State University

Writing a Successful Paper: Using APA Style. Your Name Here. Arizona State University Writing 1 Running head: USING APA STYLE Writing a Successful Paper: Using APA Style Your Name Here Arizona State University Writing 2 Abstract The second page usually contains your abstract, which is a

More information

IN TEXT CITATIONS IN APA (AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION, 2009) STYLE

IN TEXT CITATIONS IN APA (AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION, 2009) STYLE 1 IN TEXT CITATIONS IN APA (AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION, 2009) STYLE When paraphrasing an author s idea, put the author s last name, a comma, and the year of publication either in parentheses (parenthetical)

More information

Documenting Electronic Sources: APA Style

Documenting Electronic Sources: APA Style Library Documenting Electronic Sources: APA Style You must document your sources anytime that you use information that is not your own. (See the Library brochure on plagiarism for more information.) We

More information

7 th Edition MLA Handbook

7 th Edition MLA Handbook 7 th Edition MLA Handbook University of Akron Wayne College Smucker Learning Center MLA HANDOUT FOR WAYNE COLLEGE STUDENTS This handout is designed to assist students in documenting research papers using

More information

Sources. 1. Citations for electronic sources include the same information as a paper source, but also include a retrieval statement:

Sources. 1. Citations for electronic sources include the same information as a paper source, but also include a retrieval statement: APA A G A Guidelines for Citing Electronic Sources Centennial Library Cedarville University User Guide Electronic sources include articles from aggregated databases, online journal articles, web sites,

More information

Appalachian State University Master of Public Administration Program Writing Guide

Appalachian State University Master of Public Administration Program Writing Guide Appalachian State University Master of Public Administration Program Writing Guide Introduction Students should use the following guidelines to complete written assignments in the Appalachian State University

More information

A QUICK GUIDE TO FORMAT AND CITATIONS. Introduction. Quotations and Reference Citations in the Body of the a Course Paper or Dissertation

A QUICK GUIDE TO FORMAT AND CITATIONS. Introduction. Quotations and Reference Citations in the Body of the a Course Paper or Dissertation A QUICK GUIDE TO FORMAT AND CITATIONS Introduction This Quick Guide contains information about specific formatting guidelines for EdD course papers and the dissertation. It is a summary of the most frequently

More information

The Writing Process Packet

The Writing Process Packet Name: Period: Ms. Kawalek, English 11 The Writing Process Packet Keep this packet for the rest of the school year. PLEASE DO NOT LOSE IT! You must complete all prewriting and editing steps prior to submitting

More information

Running head: UWC Sample APA Format Paper 1

Running head: UWC Sample APA Format Paper 1 Running head: UWC Sample APA Format Paper 1 UWC Sample APA Format Paper Yourfirstname Lastname East Carolina University UWC Sample APA Format Paper 2 Abstract This is your abstract page for your APA paper.

More information

APA 6 th Edition Quick Reference July 2009

APA 6 th Edition Quick Reference July 2009 APA 6 th Edition Quick Reference July 2009 Please refer to the following information and examples for formatting a paper and using sources in the American Psychological Association (APA) style, widely

More information

HOW TO REFERENCE IN APA FORMAT (APA Publication Manual, 5 th edition)

HOW TO REFERENCE IN APA FORMAT (APA Publication Manual, 5 th edition) Referencing Sources in the Body of your Text HOW TO REFERENCE IN APA FORMAT (APA Publication Manual, 5 th edition) Below are some examples of how to cite references within the body of your paper. Please

More information

FORMAT GUIDELINES FOR MASTER S THESES AND REPORTS

FORMAT GUIDELINES FOR MASTER S THESES AND REPORTS FORMAT GUIDELINES FOR MASTER S THESES AND REPORTS The University of Texas at Austin Graduate School September 2010 Formatting questions not addressed in these guidelines should be directed to a Graduate

More information

Delaware Tech Libraries

Delaware Tech Libraries Delaware Tech Libraries APA CITATION STYLE GUIDE (Revised, 6 th edition) Citing references for a Reference list The purpose of citing sources is to give credit to the author and make it possible for the

More information

Taylor & Francis Standard Reference Style: APA

Taylor & Francis Standard Reference Style: APA Taylor & Francis Standard Reference Style: APA APA (American Psychological Association) references are widely used in the social sciences, education, engineering and business. For detailed information,

More information

Corrections to the First Printing of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition (July 2009)

Corrections to the First Printing of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition (July 2009) Corrections to the First Printing of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Sixth Edition (July 2009) Errors in APA Style Rules The following are corrections to the first printing

More information

PAPER FORMATTING GUIDELINES FOR POLITICAL SCIENCE COURSES. VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY. (For 2013-2014 Academic Year.)

PAPER FORMATTING GUIDELINES FOR POLITICAL SCIENCE COURSES. VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY. (For 2013-2014 Academic Year.) PAPER FORMATTING GUIDELINES FOR POLITICAL SCIENCE COURSES. VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY (For 2013-2014 Academic Year.) Your paper should begin with a cover page. Put your name on it, and a title, at least. Number

More information

REFERENCING. In other words, plagiarism is an act of fraud. It involves both stealing someone else's work and lying about it afterward.

REFERENCING. In other words, plagiarism is an act of fraud. It involves both stealing someone else's work and lying about it afterward. Page 1 of 6 REFERENCING 1. Plagiarism and referencing 1.1 What is plagiarism? Many people think of plagiarism as copying another's work, or borrowing someone else's original ideas. But terms like "copying"

More information

How to Cite Information From This System

How to Cite Information From This System How to Cite Information From This System How you cite material from this system will depend on the style you have been asked to use. This document covers three styles: Chicago style Modern Language Association

More information

COM207: CREATIVE WRITING: FICTION SYLLABUS LECTURE HOURS/CREDITS: 3/3

COM207: CREATIVE WRITING: FICTION SYLLABUS LECTURE HOURS/CREDITS: 3/3 COM207: CREATIVE WRITING: FICTION SYLLABUS LECTURE HOURS/CREDITS: 3/3 CATALOG DESCRIPTION Prerequisite: ENG101 English Composition I Students study a variety of short fiction for story structure and write

More information

How to write Research Report

How to write Research Report How to write Research Report The research and its adequacy are examined on the basis of research proposal, research summary, research abstract and the research report. The contribution of the study is

More information

School of Social Work and Human Services

School of Social Work and Human Services School of Social Work and Human Services Assignment Format and Presentation Guidelines The School of Social Work and Human Services assignment guidelines are intended to help you understand and follow

More information

In the case of two authors, both are listed: (Wilson & Thomas, 2009).

In the case of two authors, both are listed: (Wilson & Thomas, 2009). Referencing Academic writing requires that you read and cite the work of others. Any material that is not your own must be sourced to the original author. Every book, article, thesis and all electronic

More information

Master s Thesis/Project Doctoral Dissertation Preparation Guidelines

Master s Thesis/Project Doctoral Dissertation Preparation Guidelines CALIFORNIA STATE UNIVERSITY STANISLAUS Master s Thesis/Project Doctoral Dissertation Preparation Guidelines http://www.csustan.edu/grad/documents/guidelinesforthesis-dissertation.pdf Graduate School 209-667-3129

More information

APA Style of Referencing (6 th Edition)

APA Style of Referencing (6 th Edition) APA Style of Referencing (6 th Edition) I. Tips for citing accurately and efficiently II. Creating the reference page A. Formatting B. What sources to include C. What information to include for each source

More information

Africana Homestead Legacy Publishers Style Guide for Nonfiction Scholarly Works

Africana Homestead Legacy Publishers Style Guide for Nonfiction Scholarly Works 1 of 8 10/11/2007 6:11 PM View Style Sheet Africana Homestead Legacy Publishers Style Guide for Nonfiction Scholarly Works Applies To: Monographs and edited volumes Created On: 10/11/2007 09:55 am Last

More information

HOW TO WRITE A PROPER SCIENTIFIC (LABORATORY) PAPER or HOW TO GET AN A ON YOUR SCIENCE LAB REPORT

HOW TO WRITE A PROPER SCIENTIFIC (LABORATORY) PAPER or HOW TO GET AN A ON YOUR SCIENCE LAB REPORT HOW TO WRITE A PROPER SCIENTIFIC (LABORATORY) PAPER or HOW TO GET AN A ON YOUR SCIENCE LAB REPORT THE PURPOSE OF A LAB (OR SCIENTIFIC) REPORT IS SO THAT SOMEONE ELSE (ANOTHER RESEARCHER OR EVEN A LAYPERSON)

More information

Introduction to Chicago-Turabian Style

Introduction to Chicago-Turabian Style University of North Alabama Introduction to Chicago-Turabian Style Center for WRITING EXCELLENCE David MacMillan III Dr. Robert T. Koch Jr. July 2011 Contents Overview, elements, and presentation 2 Formatting

More information

Psychology: APA Format Summary. Psychology Department. Mount Allison University. Revised September 2014

Psychology: APA Format Summary. Psychology Department. Mount Allison University. Revised September 2014 1 Psychology: APA Format Summary Psychology Department Mount Allison University Revised September 2014 2 Psychology: APA Format Summary APA stands for the American Psychological Association, which has

More information

A Guide to Referencing Using APA Style

A Guide to Referencing Using APA Style 1 A Guide to Referencing Using APA Style Based on the 6 th Edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association Updated September 2012 2 Contents Section 1: Aspects of referencing

More information

APA Style CITATIONS IN THE TEXT:

APA Style CITATIONS IN THE TEXT: APA Style This handout is based on the 6 th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA), but is not a comprehensive guide. For all rules and requirements of APA citations,

More information

Basic APA Format. Features of the Main Body

Basic APA Format. Features of the Main Body Basic APA Format Depending on which field or academic discipline you choose, you will use a different format for your papers. The American Psychological Association (APA) format is generally used for behavioral

More information