Earth, Sun and Moon. Table of Contents

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1 Earth, Sun and Moon Table of Contents 0. Unit Challenge 1. Earth and Its Motion 2. Earth s Rotation and Revolution 3. Earth s Tilt and Seasons 4. Seasons 5. The Moon 6. The Lunar Cycle 7. Lunar Geography 8. Solar Eclipse 9. Lunar Eclipse

2 UNIT CHALLENGE Purpose: The unit challenges help students explore the big picture themes that tie together each unit of Ignite! content. These challenges are designed to complement the Ignite! Topic Lessons. Each challenge presents students with an open ended task with no single correct solution. Working in small groups, students prepare a short response, in either written or oral form, in which they use knowledge gained by studying the unit s multimedia movies to formulate and defend a particular position. These responses can be used to stimulate further class discussion and exploration of the issues. NOTE: In order to use this activity with your class for a particular Ignite! unit, you should plan on having students study the Ignite! movies from most of the topics in that unit. Otherwise, students will not have enough information to complete the challenge activity. Class time required: 15 minutes at the start of unit to organize students into groups and review the challenge, and for the groups to discuss and record their initial thoughts and current knowledge of the issues. 20 minutes at the end of the unit for student groups to complete their responses to the challenge. Optional: minutes for student groups to present their responses to the class. Teacher Instructions: At the Start of the Unit: Before studying any of the unit s topics or movies: 1. divide your class into teams of 3 to 4 students; 2. reproduce the unit challenge worksheet and distribute to students; 3. decide whether teams will give oral presentations and/or written statements in response to their challenge; 4. read the challenge(s) out loud and make sure that all terms and concepts are understood; 5. ask groups to complete Part One of their worksheets (Getting Started). They should discuss and write down their thoughts, based on their current knowledge for how they might respond to the selected challenge. While the Class Studies the Unit s Topics: Over the next few days or weeks, as you are using the Ignite! Topic Lessons for this unit, occasionally remind students to record on their worksheets any information they have found in the Ignite! movies that might help them to develop or support their response to the challenge. They should record this information in Part Two of their worksheets (Taking Notes). After Completing the Last Topic of the Unit: Give your students 20 minutes to discuss and write up their response to the challenge. They can use the space provided in Part Three of their worksheets (Preparing Your Response). You might consider allowing them to review some of the movies from the unit. Then, have students give brief presentations of their responses (2 to 3 minutes each) and/or submit their written responses.

3 Earth, Sun, and Moon How the Affect Your Life Background: Did you know that the relationships between the influence the things you do every day? Challenge: From the time you get up in the morning to the time you go to sleep, think about the actions you take and the choices you make during a day. How do the positions and movements of the Earth, Sun, and/or Moon affect the life you lead? Tips: Here are just a few things to think about: waking up and going to sleep; turning the lights on or off; what kind of clothes you put on before going outside; how old you are. How are these affected by celestial bodies? What other parts of your daily life can you think of that are affected? PART ONE Getting Started Directions: Based on what you already know, talk with the other members of your group about how you might respond to this challenge. Write your thoughts in the box below. You can change your mind later, after you have reviewed the Ignite! movies in this unit.

4 PART TWO Taking Notes Directions: As you view and discuss the Ignite! movies in this unit, be on the lookout for information that will help you develop a response to your challenge. Record that information in the box below. Use additional paper if necessary. PART THREE Preparing Your Response Directions: Depending on your teacher s instructions, work with your group to create a written or oral response to your challenge. Decide on what you want to communicate, and be sure to support your statements with evidence from the Ignite! movies. Use the space below for your response. Use additional paper if necessary.

5 Earth Science Lesson Plan unit Earth, Sun, and Moon # 3. Earth s Tilt and Seasons Class: Type Instruction: Whole Class Learning Objective(s): Students understand how Earth s tilt, along with Earth s revolution around the Sun, creates our seasons. Length of Time: 10 Minutes Ignite! Movies: What Causes Earth s Seasons? Solstices and Equinoxes Teacher Instructions: Play Ignite! movies with students and complete the following activity. Part One: Earth s Seasons is a chart for factual recall. Part Two: Big News! is a creative writing exercise. Target Vocabulary/Key Terms: Antarctic Circle Arctic Circle autumnal/fall equinox equator equinox hemisphere Northern Hemisphere solstice Southern Hemisphere summer solstice vernal/spring equinox winter solstice Earth s Tilt and Seasons

6 Earth s Tilt and Seasons Directions: Fill in the blanks below. Earth s Seasons Event Location Date summer solstice Maine winter solstice Chile vernal/spring equinox Canada autumnal/fall equinox Argentina Big News! Directions: Earth s tilt causes seasons. Imagine that Earth suddenly had no tilt (and therefore no seasons), and write the first few sentences of a television news story about how this might change the way life is on Earth.

7 Earth Science Lesson Plan unit Earth, Sun, and Moon # 4. Seasons Class: Type Instruction: Whole Class Learning Objective(s): Students understand how Earth s tilt, along with Earth s revolution around the Sun, creates our seasons. Length of Time: 10 Minutes Ignite! Movies: Seasons in the Hemispheres Earth s Seasons and the Suns Teacher Instructions: Play Ignite! movies with students and complete the following activity. Part One: Mike Speaks! is a vocabulary building exercise. Part Two: Discussion Question: Seasons is a whole class discussion. Target Vocabulary/Key Terms: Tropic of Cancer Tropic of Capricorn Tropics Seasons

8 Seasons Mike Speaks! Directions: Fill in the blanks. The are the longest and shortest days of the year. Discussion Question: Seasons Directions: As a class, discuss the following question: Why are seasons in the Northern Hemisphere opposite from seasons in the Southern Hemisphere, even though the calendar month is the same? Use the space below to make notes before and during the discussion.

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