# The ecliptic - Earth s orbital plane

Size: px
Start display at page:

Transcription

1 The ecliptic - Earth s orbital plane The line of nodes descending node The Moon s orbital plane Moon s orbit inclination 5.45º ascending node celestial declination Zero longitude in the ecliptic The orbit of the Moon is inclined at an angle of 5.45º to the ecliptic. The Moon has two nodes: the ascending node is where the Moon passes upward through the ecliptic, and the descending node is where it passes downward. The line of nodes is the line in the ecliptic that passes through the nodes. The angle between the zero longitude in the ecliptic and the line of nodes is the celestial declination of the Moon s nodes. Owing to gravitational perturbations this angle makes a complete rotation in the ecliptic plane in 8.6 years.

2 The ecliptic - Earth s orbital plane The line of nodes Earth s rotational axis descending node The Moon s orbital plane Moon s inclination 5.45º ascending node For practical purposes the Earth s rotational axis is fixed in the celestial sphere and directed at 3.45º to the vertical. When the line of nodes is perpendicular to the projection on the Earth s axis onto the ecliptic and the Moon is above the ecliptic, the angle between the Earth s axis and the Moon is at its minimum. At this time the Earth s equatorial plane is tilted 3.45º below the ecliptic; thus, the moon is at its maximum angular position above the horizon ( = 8.595) in the northern hemisphere.

3 Side view of the previous drawing in the plane of the Earth s spin axes. Ecliptic Vertical 3.45º Earth s spin axis Equator º Moon s orbital plane Ecliptic 5.45º 3.45º 8.58º In one half of a sidereal month (7.3/ = 3.66 days) The Moon moves from the indicated position on the right to the position on the left. The declination changes from 8.58º to (Owing to rounding of values before and/or after sums there is a small discrepancy in the values.)

4 Moon s locations at maximum = major standstill : Az: Azimuth is measured from south with east left and west right. Monthly range in Moonrise : azimuths 80 3 Azimuth : Page GEl: Hour Angle 4:57 PM Sun, Jan, 009 Untitled : 90 Elevation : : Page Hour Angle 4:57 PM Sun, Jan, 009

5 The ecliptic - Earth s orbital plane The line of nodes Earth s rotational axis ascending node The Moon s orbital plane Moon s inclination º descending node 9.3 years later the line of nodes has rotated 80º and is once again perpendicular to the projection of the Earth s axis onto the ecliptic, but this time the Moon is below the ecliptic, and the angle between the Earth s axis and the Moon is at its maximum. At this time the Earth s equatorial plane is tilted 3.45º below the ecliptic; thus, the moon is at its minimum angular position ( = 8.305) above the horizon in the northern hemisphere.

6 Side view of the previous drawing in the plane of the Earth s spin axes. Ecliptic Vertical 3.45º Earth s spin axis Equator - 8.8º Ecliptic Moon s orbital plane Ecliptic 3.45º 5.45º 8.8º In one half of a sidereal month (7.3/ = 3.66 days) The Moon moves from the indicated position on the right to the position on the left. The declination changes from 8.8º to - 8.8º. (Owing to rounding of values before and/or after sums there is a small discrepancy in the values.)

7 Moon s locations at minimum = minor standstill. Az: : 60 Monthly range in Moonrise : azimuths 80 3 Azimuth : Page GEl: : 90 Hour Angle :4 PM Mon, Jan, 009 Untitled Elevation : : Page Hour Angle :4 PM Mon, Jan, 009

8 Major Lunar Standstill Sequential Moonrises over a 4-day period (~/ lunar cycle); the second half reverses the sequence to the beginning. Elevation Angle Northern Extreme Latitude = 40º Southern Extreme East Azimuth Angle measured from North

9 Minor Lunar Standstill Sequential Moonrises over a 4-day period (~/ lunar cycle); the second half reverses the sequence to the beginning. Elevation Angle Northern Extreme Latitude = 40º Southern Extreme East Azimuth Angle measured from North

10 Extremes for Sunrises and Moonrises 00 GEL v. Geo Az: The Equinox rise line can represent any object in the ecliptic. The minor standstill moonrises cycle north to south to north in 7.3 days. The major standstill moonrises cycle north to south to north in 7.3 days. The sunrises cycle north to south to north in year Elevation Angle 50 Major Standstill North Summer Solstice Minor Standstill North Equinox Latitude = 40º Minor Standstill South Winter Solstice Major Standstill South 0 50 East Geo Az Azimuth Angle measured from North Extremes for Sunrises and Moonrises 3:5 PM Fri, Jan

11 Since the standstills mark the extrema of a cycle lasting 8.6 years the turnaround time at the standstills extends over a long period. The last major standstill was centered on 006, but in general observations 005 to 007 are included. The next major standstill will occur ~05. The next minor standstill will occur ~05.

12 Talk about luck! The two photos on this slide were overlain using the foreground trees for registration. The Moon in the left photograph is approaching setting and in the right photo the Moon is setting behind Ogalalla Pk. on the horizon. Photos taken with a Konica FT- SLR camera with a 500 mm Deitz Reflex lens using Kodak UltraMax film. Digital enhancement was necessary to increase the contrast between the Moon and the sky.

13 Information on the Photographs The Moonset photos on the previous slide were not planned in advanced. When taken on November 5, 007, I had not researched the apparent path of the Moon or its orbital dynamics. I had researched the apparent path of the Sun and marked the positions of the solstices. On the day preceding these photos I had observed that the Moon was setting near or perhaps beyond the summer solstice azimuth. I set up my camera with telephoto lens hoping for a clear morning on the following morning; as seen I was fortunate to have good conditions. Now over a year later, I have researched the Moon s orbital dynamics and apparent path across the sky. I was indeed lucky because the Moonset I photographed was very near the major lunar standstill; I will not see this scene again until ~05. The web resource referenced below provides the following information: the full Moon occurred the day before my photographs, and the Moon was at its northern limit with a declination of 7.3º. For comparison the maximum declination of the Sun is 3.45º, and the maximum declination for the Moon is 8.58º. These photos are close to the maximum northern limit of the major lunar standstill. The following slide shows a comparison of the settings of the Sun at summer solstice, the Moon in the photograph, and the Moon at its maximum in the major lunar standstill.

14 Northern Extremes for Sunsets and Moonsets El v. Geo Az: Moonset in Photo /5/07 Moonset Major Standstill North Elevation Angle 7.5 Sunset Summer Solstice e º º Geo Az Azimuth Angle measured clockwise from North 308.5º.83º Sun and Moon Settings at Maximum Northern Extent 3:5 PM Mon, Jan 9

15 Background in Daylight Moonset in photo /5/07 Moonset Major Standstill North

### Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit

English for Study in Australia 留 学 澳 洲 英 语 讲 座 Lesson 3: Make yourself at home 第 三 课 : 宾 至 如 归 L1 Male: 各 位 朋 友 好, 欢 迎 您 收 听 留 学 澳 洲 英 语 讲 座 节 目, 我 是 澳 大 利 亚 澳 洲 广 播 电 台 的 节 目 主 持 人 陈 昊 L1 Female: 各 位

### Greek God Muscle Building Program ROAD MAP

Greek God Muscle Building Program ROAD MAP by Greg O Gallagher Greek God Muscle Building Program Greg O Gallagher Page 1 Greek God Program Road Map Phase One - Strength & Density Routines I recommend spending

### 99 學年度班群總介紹 第 370 期 班群總導 陳怡靜 G45 班群總導 陳怡靜(河馬) A 家 惠如 家浩 T 格 宜蓁 小 霖 怡 家 M 璇 均 蓁 雴 家 數學領域 珈玲 國燈 370-2 英領域 Kent

2010 年 8 月 27 日 出 刊 精 緻 教 育 宜 蘭 縣 公 辦 民 營 人 國 民 中 小 學 財 團 法 人 人 適 性 教 育 基 金 會 承 辦 地 址 : 宜 蘭 縣 26141 頭 城 鎮 雅 路 150 號 (03)977-3396 http://www.jwps.ilc.edu.tw 健 康 VS. 學 習 各 位 合 夥 人 其 實 都 知 道, 我 是 個 胖 子, 而

### 1.ai

HDMI camera ARTRAY CO,. LTD Introduction Thank you for purchasing the ARTCAM HDMI camera series. This manual shows the direction how to use the viewer software. Please refer other instructions or contact

### <4D6963726F736F667420576F7264202D2032303130C4EAC0EDB9A4C0E04142BCB6D4C4B6C1C5D0B6CFC0FDCCE2BEABD1A15F325F2E646F63>

2010 年 理 工 类 AB 级 阅 读 判 断 例 题 精 选 (2) Computer mouse How does the mouse work? We have to start at the bottom, so think upside down for now. It all starts with mouse ball. As the mouse ball in the bottom

### 卷首语--10 minutes older

- 0 - 卷 首 语 10 minutes older 文 / 林 有 智 It was as if the mountains when seen through many milleniums would rise and fall like waves in water. 听 着 Daydream 播 放 列 表, 不 得 不 打 开 了 记 事 本, --The Mythology of

33 3 2014 285 297 Studies in the History of Natural Sciences Vol. 33 No. 3 2014 210008 N092 P1-092 A 1000-0224 2014 03-0285-13 0 1437 ~ 1442 1 1261 1931 1 2 2014-03-12 2014-05-09 1943 1971 11020302 286

### 01

Web: www.wjsfedu.com 01 www.wjsfedu.com 02 03 www.wjsfedu.com 04 2 Daily Schedule 7/26 Tue Day 3 7/27 Wed Day 4 7/28 Thu 7/25 Mon Day 2 Day 5 7/24 Sun Day 1 7 7/29 Fri Day 6 7/30 Sat Day 7 05 7/31 Sun

### 高中英文科教師甄試心得

001 下 一 站 幸 福 003 幸 福 碎 碎 念 005 剑 仙 007 逝 去 的 青 春 008 下 一 站, 幸 福 010 好 好 工 作, 快 乐 生 活 012 牵 财 016 你, 今 天 学 习 了 吗? 017 致 : 我 以 为 可 以 结 婚 的 那 个 人 019 爱 上 一 座 城 027 学 无 止 境, 美 好 亦 无 止 境 030 所 谓 青 春, 所 谓 怀

### 中山大學學位論文典藏.pdf

1999 1992 11 7 1999 8811218 800 150.456 1387 1392 1680 The Research on the Faith in Cheng Hwang Yeh in Kinmen This research is written by a native kinmenese who does a long period of field research and

### 國立中山大學學位論文典藏.PDF

I II III IV V VI In recent years, the Taiwan s TV talk shows about the political topic have a bias in favour of party. In Taiwan, there are two property of party, one is called Blue property of party,

### 蔡 氏 族 譜 序 2

1 蔡 氏 族 譜 Highlights with characters are Uncle Mike s corrections. Missing or corrected characters are found on pages 9, 19, 28, 34, 44. 蔡 氏 族 譜 序 2 3 福 建 仙 遊 赤 湖 蔡 氏 宗 譜 序 蔡 氏 之 先 出 自 姬 姓 周 文 王 第 五 子

### BC04 Module_antenna__ doc

http://www.infobluetooth.com TEL:+86-23-68798999 Fax: +86-23-68889515 Page 1 of 10 http://www.infobluetooth.com TEL:+86-23-68798999 Fax: +86-23-68889515 Page 2 of 10 http://www.infobluetooth.com TEL:+86-23-68798999

### 筆譯報告

:Soldiers of the Wasteland ( ( ) :Dragon Force 說 離 不 律!!! 來 便 律 樂 ~ 量 ( 1 2 3 5 6) 律 金 了 dragon Force ( 龍 力 量 ) Burning fires burning lives on the long distant roads Trough the lost mountains endless so

### PowerPoint Presentation

Decision analysis 量化決策分析方法專論 2011/5/26 1 Problem formulation- states of nature In the decision analysis, decision alternatives are referred to as chance events. The possible outcomes for a chance event

### summerCampBookP1~16.pdf

2011 SUMMER CAMPER RULES 1. No campers are allowed to leave camp after check-in. Campers should act with his/her buddy or team. 2. Please follow camp rules and instructions from your counselor at all time.

### PowerPoint 演示文稿

1 2 3 4 S=1.5 1 R=6378 M=5.976 10 27 17 R=109 Re M=332800 Me S=0.39 Se R=0.38 Re M=0.05 Me S=0.72 Se R=0.95 Re M=0.89 Me S=1.5 Se R=0.53 Re M=0.11 Me 2000 10 ( ) S=5.2 Se R=11.0 Re M=318 Me S=9.57 Se

### Chinese oil import policies and reforms 随 着 经 济 的 发 展, 目 前 中 国 石 油 消 费 总 量 已 经 跃 居 世 界 第 二 作 为 一 个 负 责 任 的 大 国, 中 国 正 在 积 极 推 进 能 源 进 口 多 元 化, 鼓 励 替 代

Chinese oil import policies and reforms SINOPEC EDRI 2014.8 Chinese oil import policies and reforms 随 着 经 济 的 发 展, 目 前 中 国 石 油 消 费 总 量 已 经 跃 居 世 界 第 二 作 为 一 个 负 责 任 的 大 国, 中 国 正 在 积 极 推 进 能 源 进 口 多 元 化,

### 001-032 æG Ï

2003 9 1 32 1 2 1 1 972 3 1-37 2 3 9-61 219-266 -1- 3 4 5 6 7 8 3 59 4 228 5 1992 41-62 6 1 0 1 0 1 982 3 70-107 7 1986 24-27 8 1 983 1 5 3 21-322 -2- 9 1 0 11 1 2 9 24 10 1980 84-90 11 3 1 993 3 2 09-304

### D A

2015 4 D822.333 A 0452 8832 2015 4 0014-12 14 The Second ASEAN Regional Forum: The ASEAN Regional Forum, A Concept Paper, in ASEAN Regional Forum Documents Series 1994-2006, ASEAN Secretariat, Jakarta,

### cm hpa hpa 2 45 N hpa ~ 12 Fig. 1 The observed rainfall distribution of Shanxi

28 3 2010 9 1006-7639 2010-03 - 0332-06 Journal of Arid Meteorology Vol. 28 No. 3 Sept 2010 1 1 2 1 3 1. 046000 2. 030404 3. 034000 2009 11 10 ~ 12 1 10 11 2300 hpa 3500 hpa 41 500 m 2 850 hpa 5FY - 2C

### Microsoft Word - 29期-B人文藝術類-前後.doc

ϲ ฯ र ቑ ጯ 高雄師大學報 2010, 29, 71-97 日治時期臺灣 燈謎 對 詩經 的運用 王淑蕙 1 摘 要 本文旨在探討臺灣傳統文人於日治時期運用 詩經 的狀況 藉由 燈謎 謎底 運用 詩經 為例 以挖掘 探究日治時期臺灣傳統文人如何看待 運用經學的記憶 研究發現自 1914 年 10 月 臺灣日日新報 以 陳風 澤陂 或 鄭風 野有蔓草 的 有美一人 為謎底開始 直到 1936 年

### 2015年4月11日雅思阅读预测机经（新东方版）

2015 年 5 月 9 日 雅 思 口 语 回 忆 版 ( 全 国 场 ) 2015 年 5 月 9 日 雅 思 口 语 回 忆 网 友 版 ( 华 北 & 东 北 区 ) 1 5.09 北 外 R9 p1 home apartment 以 后 想 住 个 什 么 样 的 房 子 还 有 几 个 忘 了 p2 a person u disagree sth p3 你 坚 持 不 同 意 别 人 吗

### JOURNAL OF EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND ENGINEERING VIBRATION Vol. 31 No. 5 Oct /35 TU3521 P315.

31 5 2011 10 JOURNAL OF EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND ENGINEERING VIBRATION Vol. 31 No. 5 Oct. 2011 1000-1301 2011 05-0075 - 09 510405 1 /35 TU3521 P315. 8 A Earthquake simulation shaking table test and analysis

### 96 7 () 124

123~142 96 7 Journal of Kun Shan University, Vol.4, pp.123~142jul, 2007 * ** * ** 123 96 7 () 124 125 96 7 邨 126 () 嶫 127 96 7 : : 128 129 96 7 130 ( 131 96 7 邨 132 ( ). 133 96 7.. 悞 菓 躭 134 畊 嶫 薲 苽 湙

### K301Q-D VRT中英文说明书141009

THE INSTALLING INSTRUCTION FOR CONCEALED TANK Important instuction:.. Please confirm the structure and shape before installing the toilet bowl. Meanwhile measure the exact size H between outfall and infall

### ( )

Secondary School Physical Fitness Award Scheme Student s Handbook Jointly Organized By Hong Kong Childhealth Foundation Education Department ( ) Secondary School Physical Fitness Award Scheme Student s

### Cultivation of Microalgae According to the different nutrient modes of microalgae, the culture modes can be divided into photoautotrophic culture, mix

Cultivation of Microalgae According to the different nutrient modes of microalgae, the culture modes can be divided into photoautotrophic culture, mixed culture and heterotrophic culture. Photoautotrophic

### Edge-Triggered Rising Edge-Triggered ( Falling Edge-Triggered ( Unit 11 Latches and Flip-Flops 3 Timing for D Flip-Flop (Falling-Edge Trigger) Unit 11

Latches and Flip-Flops 11.1 Introduction 11.2 Set-Reset Latch 11.3 Gated D Latch 11.4 Edge-Triggered D Flip-Flop 11.5 S-R Flip-Flop 11.6 J-K Flip-Flop 11.7 T Flip-Flop 11.8 Flip-Flops with additional Inputs

### TF三段式

ICE - 4 - ICE TF - 1 - ICE - 2 - ICE - 3 - ICE - 8 - ICE - 5 - ICE - 6 - ICE - 7 - ICE - 12 - ICE - 9 - ICE - 10 - ICE - 11 - ICE - 16 - ICE - 13 - ICE - 14 - ICE - 15 - ICE - 20 - ICE - 17 - ICE - 18

### 122 Projects Domus China 104 December 2015 建 筑 并 不 属 于 个 人 / ARCHITECTURE DOES NOT BELONG TO INDIVIDUALS 法 国 AS 建 筑 工 作 室 将 建 筑 和 城 市 规 划 定 义 为 : 与 社

122 Projects Domus China 104 December 2015 建 筑 并 不 属 于 个 人 / ARCHITECTURE DOES NOT BELONG TO INDIVIDUALS 法 国 AS 建 筑 工 作 室 将 建 筑 和 城 市 规 划 定 义 为 : 与 社 会 密 切 关 联 的 艺 术, 同 时 也 是 建 设 人 类 生 活 的 构 架, 而 这 一 切

### pdf

CENTRO 花 甲 老 人 的 for 交 the over 60s 通 travel 证 passes for the over 60s travel passes for the over 60s travel 谢 谢 发 给 我 这 个 交 通 证, travel passes for the over 60s 我 travel 今 passes 年 for 66 the over 岁 60s

### My Football Summer / mm /color

論 史 記 五 帝 本 紀 首 黃 帝 之 意 義 林 立 仁 明 志 科 技 大 學 通 識 教 育 中 心 副 教 授 摘 要 太 史 公 司 馬 遷 承 父 著 史 遺 志, 並 以 身 膺 五 百 年 大 運, 上 繼 孔 子 春 秋 之 史 學 文 化 道 統 為 其 職 志, 著 史 記 欲 達 究 天 人 之 際, 通 古 今 之 變, 成 一 家 之 言 之 境 界 然 史 記 百

### 124 第十三期 Conflicts in the Takeover of the Land in Taiwan after the Sino-Japanese War A Case in the Change of the Japanese Names of the Taiwanese Peopl

123 戰後初期臺灣土地接收的糾紛 以更改日式姓名的臺人遭遇為例 124 第十三期 Conflicts in the Takeover of the Land in Taiwan after the Sino-Japanese War A Case in the Change of the Japanese Names of the Taiwanese People Abstract By Ho Fung-jiao

### Microsoft PowerPoint - ryz_030708_pwo.ppt

Long Term Recovery of Seven PWO Crystals Ren-yuan Zhu California Institute of Technology CMS ECAL Week, CERN Introduction 20 endcap and 5 barrel PWO crystals went through (1) thermal annealing at 200 o

### 中 國 學 研 究 期 刊 泰 國 農 業 大 學 บ นทอนเช นก น และส งผลก บการด ดแปลงจากวรรณกรรมมาเป นบทภาพยนตร และบทละคร โทรท ศน ด วยเช นก น จากการเคารพวรรณกรรมต นฉบ บเป นหล

วารสารจ นศ กษา มหาว ทยาล ยเกษตรศาสตร การเล อกสรรของย คสม ยท แตกต างก น โดยว เคราะห การด ดแปลง บทละครโทรท ศน หร อบทภาพยนต จากผลงานคลาสส กวรรณกรรม สม ยใหม ของจ น The Choice of Times Film Adaptation of Chinese

### untitled

2.1 2.1.1 1 2 2.1 -- 1/10 --2035% --27010% --110 --65 2.1 --140 3 4 2.1 Indian Subcontinent: among the worlds most disaster prone areas 54% of land vulnerable to Earthquakes 8% of land vulnerable to Cyclones

05 0 No. 05 Vol. 0 970 00006 DOI:0.6/j.cnki.qhdz.0090 paradigm 96 0 970 0 980 979 5 6 980 5 6 980 979 979 998 980 0 988 57 0 6 99 988 979 980 99 99 978 990 988 6 6 995 60 0 980 99 7 995 5 Modern China

### P120412_KO_+_ZH_P120412_IWC_2016_2017_KO_+_ZH-KO.pdf

SINCE 1936 (PILOT S WATCHES) IWC 1940 52 T. S. C. IWC 1936 IWC 4 55 mm 52 T. S. C. 1948 11(Mark 11) IWC (Royal Air Force) 30 IWC 1988 2003 (Spitfire) IWC 2006 (Antoine de Saint-Exupéry) 2007 (TOP GUN)

### 2005 5,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, , , 2174, 7014 %, % 4, 1961, ,30, 30,, 4,1976,627,,,,, 3 (1993,12 ),, 2

3,,,,,, 1872,,,, 3 2004 ( 04BZS030),, 1 2005 5,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 1928 716,1935 6 2682 1928 2 1935 6 1966, 2174, 7014 %, 94137 % 4, 1961, 59 1929,30, 30,, 4,1976,627,,,,, 3 (1993,12 ),, 2 , :,,,, :,,,,,,

### 3 (s05q6) The diagram shows the velocity-time graph for a lift moving between floors in a building. The graph consists of straight line segments. In t

Mechnics (9709) M1 Topic 1 : s-t and v-t graph(9) Name: Score: Time: 1 (s03q3) The diagram shows the velocity-time graphs for the motion of two cyclists P and Q, whotravel in the same direction along a

### 2009.05

2009 05 2009.05 2009.05 璆 2009.05 1 亿 平 方 米 6 万 套 10 名 20 亿 元 5 个 月 30 万 亿 60 万 平 方 米 Data 围 观 CCDI 公 司 内 刊 企 业 版 P08 围 观 CCDI 管 理 学 上 有 句 名 言 : 做 正 确 的 事, 比 正 确 地 做 事 更 重 要 方 向 的 对 错 于 大 局 的 意 义 而 言,

### their careers and left so many important poem works to be on everybody s lips which achieved that it can never be decayed and also it affected the lat

95 12 71 103 Journal of Yuanpei University No. 13, December 2006 P. 71 P. 103 The Poems of Analyzed Theories in Journey of Yangtze Gorges that the Four Great Poets Traveled by the Time of the Tang Dynasty

### 2 The Abolishment of Family Clans and Family Names Around the May-4 th Campaign Abstract Hsi-mei Hung * The Chinese society is traditionally based on

1 2 The Abolishment of Family Clans and Family Names Around the May-4 th Campaign Abstract Hsi-mei Hung * The Chinese society is traditionally based on paternity and is thus formed on the long-tested social

### WTO

10384 X0115018 UDC MBA 2004 5 14 2004 6 1 WTO 2004 2006 7 2 Abstract According to the promise after our country enter into WTO, our country will open the readymade oil retail market in the end of 2004

### 93年度分項計畫執行報告-子計畫八.doc

93 Celestron - 14 This is a four years project. In this project, we will add a solar telescope, a spectrograph, and a few small teaching telescopes to the existing facilities. We will also install a Celestron

### Sept Arab World Studies No IR

2012 9 Sept. 2012 5 Arab World Studies No.5. 2010 011 11 8 IR40 http://news.xinhuanet.com/world/2011-11/10/c_122259234.htm?prolongation=1 18 10 1944 http://world.people.com.cn/gb/157278/17320166.html.

### Microsoft Word - HC20138_2010.doc

Page: 1 of 7 Date: April 26, 2010 WINMATE COMMUNICATION INC. 9 F, NO. 111-6, SHING-DE RD., SAN-CHUNG CITY, TAIPEI, TAIWAN, R.O.C. The following merchandise was submitted and identified by the vendor as:

### (Microsoft PowerPoint - [Compatibility Mode])

5/9 A ( 1:1-2) B ( 1:3-11) 5/16 5/30 C ( 1:12-30) D ( 2:1-4) E ( 2:5-11) 6/13 6/20 6/27 D ( 2:12-30) C ( 3:1-4:1) B ( 4:2-20) A ( 4:21-23) ( ) Chiastic Parallelism A B B A A B B A 19:30 A B C C B A 6:10

### encourages children to develop rich emotions through close contact with surrounding nature. It also cultivates a foundation for children s balanced de

* ** *** **** The Instruction of a Sense of Seasons in the Field Environment through the Comparison of Kindergartens in Germany, Australia and Japan Kazuyuki YOKOIKimihiko SAITOKatsushi ONO Koichi EBIHARA

ABSTRACT ABSTRACT As we know the Sinology has a long history. As earily as 19 th century some works have already been done in this field. And among this the studies of lineages and folk beliefs in Southeast