Energy efficiency and consumption. Ongoing development work shared by Eurostat and the Member States

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1 Energy efficiency and consumption Ongoing development work shared by Eurostat and the Member States 4th Energy Community Statistical Workshop 24/2/2011

2 Energy efficiency and consumption Ongoing development work shared by Eurostat and the Member States Introduction Placing energy statistics in the EU Where new development needs come from Our development plans Energy Efficiency in the households sector An overview of actions done National systems Resources and costs 2

3 Introduction Energy data collection in Eurostat: Flows: Production, import/export, transformation, consumption Products: Electricity, solid fuels, natural gas, heat, petroleum products, renewables, nuclear, Structural information: Capacities of production, stocks, networks, Other information Calorific values, prices, market characteristics 3

4 Introduction Energy data collection in Eurostat: Annual: Solid fuels, natural gas, oil, electricity, renewable energy Competition Indicators Monthly (M-3): Oil and Gas, Coal, Electricity Monthly (M-1): Oil ( JODI questionnaire), Gas, Electricity Half-yearly: prices Industrial users Households Once every 2 years: Price systems electricity and gas 4

5 Introduction Energy data collection in Eurostat together with the IEA: Annual: Solid fuels, natural gas, oil, electricity, renewable energy Competition Indicators Monthly (M-3): Oil and Gas, Coal, Electricity Monthly (M-1): Oil ( JODI questionnaire), Gas, Electricity Half-yearly: prices Industrial users Households Once every 2 years: Price systems electricity and gas 5

6 Introduction Main products: Energy balance: Production, transformation, non-energy use, consumption EU, per Member State, EFTA, CC Publications and dissemination Indicators: Structural, euroindicators, sustainable development Support for EU policies 6

7 Our development plans Changing political context: Large shares of import in our production Volatile energy prices Global markets Environmental concerns From Matching production capacity to consumption To Reducing consumption 7

8 Our development plans 3 main pillars of energy policy in the EU: Security of supply (import dependency) Competitiveness (economic growth) Sustainability (environmental concerns) new policies with new needs for new statistics: Renewable energy Energy consumption Energy efficiency including binding quantitative targets 8

9 Our development plans Demanding targets for 2020 (" " targets): A reduction in GHG emissions of at least 20% below 1990 levels Renewables to cover 20% of EU energy consumption Energy efficiency to realize 20% of reduction in primary energy use and other ambitious EU policies (share of RES in electricity, CHP, stock requirements, heat pumps etc etc) Other data are needed than the requirements of the past 9

10 Our development plans Reinforcing the consumption side of the energy balance: Total final energy consumption Non energy use Final energy consumption Industry (13 branches) Transport per mode Households Services Agriculture Fishing Other 10

11 Our development plans Reinforcing the consumption side of the energy balance: Total final energy consumption Non energy use Final energy consumption Industry (13 branches) Transport per mode Households Services Agriculture Fishing Other 11

12 Our development plans Reinforcing the consumption side of the energy balance: Total final energy consumption Non energy use Final energy consumption Industry (13 branches) Transport per mode -> Priority 3 Households -> Priority 1 Services -> Priority 2 Agriculture Fishing Other 12

13 Development: energy consumption stats in HH Task Force: Members: Volunteering countries: AT, FR, DE, DK, UK Tasks: 1. Elaborate Review Reports of all national systems in the EU 2. Elaborated recommendations for HH data collection (coverage) 13

14 Priorities for survey coverage 1. Housing Stock Characteristics Ownership type, dwelling type, age, insulation, surface heated / air-conditioned 2. Household characteristics Household size, income, intensity of occupation of the dwelling 3. Consumption / expenditure of energy commodities Consumption and associated cost per type of energy commodity (electricity, heat and major fuels) 4. Space Heating Main/supplementary space heating system: fuel type, type of heating equipment, age of equipment Availability and type of temperature control instruments (thermostats) 5. Hot Water Water heating equipment: fuel type, tank size, age 6. Cooking Cooking equipment: fuel type, equipment type, age 7. Electrical appliances Availability of electrical appliances: type, number, age 8. Air conditioning Air conditioning equipment: type, age 9. Penetration of Energy efficiency Technologies labelled equipment by appliance type, high efficiency condensing boilers, high efficiency lamps Retrofitting in view of improved energy saving: dwelling, heating / air-conditioning equipment 10. Energy service demand Intensity of use of heating, air conditioning; heating and cooling setpoints (thermostats) 11. Penetration of renewable Energy Sources Solar panels (surface, power, type), biomass (by type), heat pumps (type/power, electricity consumption) 12. Energy consumption by end-use Based on modelling: space heating, water heating, cooking, space cooling, lighting and electrical appliances 14

15 National Systems Approaches to HH surveys Country review reports Type of data collection Survey/administrative sources/modelling Survey characteristics Format, size and cost, frequency, details on the contents, data validation techniques, dissemination Modelling characteristics Objectives, source data, methodology aspects, reconciliation with other data, cost 15

16 National Systems Approaches to HH surveys Working Group: Approved proposed structure of a country review report and recommended coverage of a survey MS submitted the required country review reports These reports showed a variety of different national approaches Let s analyse this in the next few slides 16

17 National Systems Approaches to HH surveys 1. Dedicated regular surveys of households: Annual: ES, IE, NL, SV, BE(FL) 2-yearly: AT, DE 3-yearly: FR, LV 6-10 yearly: CZ, PT, SI 2. Other surveys: ad-hoc or addressing specific issues (e.g. firewood): AT, DK, ES, FI, HU, IE, NL, PL, BE(WAL, BR) 3. Modelling of Energy Consumption in Households UK, CH 4. Other Sources Population census Household Budget Survey Surveys of suppliers 17

18 National Systems Approaches to HH surveys Housing stock characteristics Systematic data: 17 MS Type/age of building best known Poor availability on insulation/heated floor surface Household characteristics Systematic data: 18 MS Mostly disconnected (in particular income) from energy (HBS) Consumption by commodity type Systematic data: 16 MS Commodity type better known than Quantities: 16 MS Expenditure: 15 MS Quantities and expenditure data often come from different surveys 18

19 National Systems Approaches to HH surveys Fuel type by use Systematic data: 15 MS Varying coverage of detail: Space heating: 14 MS Hot water: 12 Cooking: 8 Space heating system Systematic data: 15 MS Details vary e.g. age of heating system: only 7 MS Availability of electrical appliances Systematic data: 15 MS 19

20 National Systems Approaches to HH surveys Penetration of renewable energy Systematic data: 16 MS but varying completeness: Wood quantities: 16 Solar collectors: 11 Photovoltaics: 10 Heat pumps: 8! Penetration of energy efficiency technologies Systematic data: 5 MS AT: lamp types, energy labelling BE: existence of knowledge, energy labelling IE: CFL light SV: measures implemented since 1997 (isolation, lighting, recycling of ventilation, ) 20

21 Modelling AT: Intermediary space heating with temp corr BE: household consumption by fuel and use CZ: households biomass consumption DK:district heating consumption per unit and electrical space heating unit consumption UK:detailed household consumption breakdown by fuel and use CH: Analysis for all sectors (industry, transport, households and services) 21

22 Reported costs - Surveys Wide range: Minimum: as low as ,- Maximum: up to ,- SV: metering electric consumption ,- Average national cost: apr ,- BUT: difficult to make a meaningful average! 22

23 Reported costs - Modelling Only 2 countries report expenses: UK: apr ,- /year CH: apr ,- /year (for bi-annual updates only) 23

24 Some more general conclusions Needs differ between Member States - and therefore also the applied solutions Statistical infrastructure is in a varying state of availability Further development must include methodology to ensure international coherence Costs and resources are addressed by: Use of models Use of existing surveys for complementary questions Household Budget Survey Census Resources being a general issue, Eurostat grants may be helpful to move forward 24

25 Present initiatives: state of progress Grants: state of play Total budgeted envelope: ,- Participating MS: 17 AT, BE, BG, CY, DK, EE, ES, FI, GR, IT, LT, LV, MT, PL, PT, RO, SI Actions will run until end 2012 Data collection through: Surveys BE, BG, CY, DK, EE, ES, GR, IT, LT, LV, MT, PL, PT, RO, SI Modelling FI, SI Combining several sources AT, ES Direct measuring BG, ES, MT 25

26 Methodological work Statistical development requires uniform methodology Need to address proper coherence of the national actions Eurostat is proposing the development of a statistical manual Expertise is needed from various sources Experience from existing/past experience Knowledge on existing definitions/methodology Cost and resource awareness The most promising option seems to be initiative from experienced MS officials 26

27 References Task force 16/10/2008: umption_households&vm=detailed&sb=title Working party 8/12/2008: umption_ &vm=detailed&sb=title Detailed review of existing practices: umption_ /household_consumption&vm=detailed& sb=title&cookie=1 Working Party 11/12/2009: umption_ &vm=detailed&sb=title 27

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