Czech Universities and the Environment for Innovation. Rudolf Hanka

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1 Czech Universities and the Environment for Innovation Rudolf Hanka

2 Czech Republic a cauldron of Central Europe?

3 Geographical position

4 Major motorways

5 High speed backbone network

6 Czech internet network (CESNET 2)

7 Czech innovation -some numbers. 65% of those who tried to set up a business have succeeded. 51% of those who failed did so because of insufficient capital. (18%) 25%of those who failed did so because of threats by competitors! (9%) (EBRD Report 2011)

8 (EBRD Report 2011)

9 Back to the task in hand How is the Czech Republic doing The principal challenge is how to transfer the new ideas into practical advantage What role do Czech universities play in the innovation process?

10 Patent applications by type of applicant ( )

11 We should be looking for evidence of Ability to convert R&D investments and educational capacity into industrial and export strengths in the high-technology sectors. Less important how much is spent, more how effective it is.

12 Czech universities Non-gov.sources of R&D (million CZK) Excluding EU Funds Foreign companies Czech companies

13 Czech universities all sources of R&D 18 (billion CZK) Excluding EU Funds HERD (Government) Foreign companies Czech companies

14 Current weaknesses of the Czech Republic. Surviving mentality from the totalitarian state Fear of potential confrontation, kowtowing Lack of motivation to succeed and think big Emphasis on milestones, statistics etc. (RIV a typical example) Parkinson s laws (everybody understands the bike shed but shies away from big numbers) Assumption that somebody (the state) will pick up the bill in the end. Difficult access to capital. Low cooperation between publicly funded institutions and applied sphere Proportion of research funding from private sources In the public research institutions = 4.7.% In the universities = 1.1%. How good actually is Czech science?

15 Current weaknesses of the Czech Republic. Surviving mentality from the totalitarian state Fear of potential confrontation, kowtowing Lack of motivation to succeed and think big Emphasis on milestones, statistics etc. (RIV a typical example) Parkinson s laws (everybody understands the bike shed but shies away from big numbers) Assumption that somebody (the state) will pick up the bill in the end. Difficult access to capital Low cooperation between publicly funded institutions and applied sphere Proportion of research funding from private sources In the public research institutions = 4.7.% In the universities = 1.1%. Actually how good is the Czech science?

16 ERC Advanced grants Number of selected proposals by country of host institution European Research Council Success in the ERC grant competition is today thecriterion to judge the quality of scientific institutions. Prof. P. Exner, Vice-president of ERC UK DE FR CH IT NL ES IL SE AT DK BE FI NO HU EL IE PT CZ PL BG CY IS TR Source: StG 2010:431

17 One mustn't overgeneralise As in all countries some parts are good/excellent whilst others are struggling General signs of improvement. Greatly helped by the funding from the EU etc.

18 Programmes supporting innovation at universities mostly set up by the Ministry of Trade & Industry and the Ministry of Education, Youth & Sport, usually financed by the EU programmes e.g. Support of innovation activities, patenting and licensing Support for science parks, innovation centres etc. Seed fond Support of Pre-seed activities EF-TRANS project. Support for regional innovation centres (so far only the South Moravian Innovation Centre has been set up?) Support of R&D infrastructure.

19 Academic disciplines Industrial sectors

20 Research Industry cooperation map Automation & Control Systems Material Sciences Environmental Sciences Engineering IT Services Other Chemistry Energetics Car Industry Electronic & Opt. Instr. Petrochemical Ind.. Computer Science/Cybernetics Academic discipline Healthcare Industrial sector Electrochemistry Instruments & Instrumentation (Data TC AVCR)

21 Research Industry cooperation map Automation & Control Systems Material Sciences Environmental Sciences Engineering IT Services Other Chemistry Energetics Car Industry Electronic & Opt. Instr. Petrochemical Ind.. Computer Science/Cybernetics Academic discipline Healthcare Industrial sector Electrochemistry Instruments & Instrumentation (Data TC AVCR)

22 Research Industry cooperation map Automation & Control Systems Material Sciences Environmental Sciences Engineering IT Services Other Chemistry Energetics Car Industry Electronic & Opt. Instr. Petrochemical Ind.. Computer Science/Cybernetics Academic discipline Healthcare Industrial sector Electrochemistry Instruments & Instrumentation (Data TC AVCR)

23 ERC Advanced grants Number of selected proposals by country of host institution European Research Council Success in the ERC grant competition is today thecriterion to judge the quality of scientific institutions. Prof. P. Exner, Vice-president of ERC UK DE FR CH IT NL ES IL SE AT DK BE FI NO HU EL IE PT CZ PL BG CY IS TR Source: StG 2010:431

24 Success rate (%) of all ERC grant applications ( )

25 Success in ERC grants (%) v PPS adjusted GERD ( 10,000/person) 25 AT 20 NL FR DE SE 15 HU UK DK 10 EE ES PT BE FI 5 PL CZ IT IE

26 Success in FP7 (%) v PPS adjusted GERD ( 10,000/person) BG SK LT LV MT LU PL EL EE CZ HU SL ES PT CY IT NL BE FR DK UK FI AT DE IE SE 14 RO

27 Investment of EU27 universities to cooperate with industry (PRC) in thefp7 ( ) UNI costs to participate with PRC 1600 UNI participations EU15 : 6726 M, EU12 : 299 M i.e. UNI fromeu15 invest22 times more thanuni fromeu UNI cost to participate with PRC 0 UK DE IT NL SE ES BE FR DK AT IE EL FI PL PT CZ HU RO SI CY SK EE BG LT LU LV MT 0 No. of UNI participation in projects with PRC No. of total UNI participations UNI eligible cost (M ) of projects with PRC

28 Participation& its costs ,00% ,00% ,00% ,00% ,00% ,00% ,00% 0 LU MT IE PT SK CZ EL AT IT SI DE RO ES DK BE SE FI PL CY FR NL HU UK LT EE LV BG 30,00% No.of UNI participations in projects with PRC % of costs that UNI invest to projects with PRC

29 A school report Tries hard and is improving. But could do better.

30 Thank you

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