Use of economic instruments in the EU 27 and waste management performances Shailendra Mudgal

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Use of economic instruments in the EU 27 and waste management performances Shailendra Mudgal"

Transcription

1 Waste in a new economic scenario: Low Cost strategies, efficiency and valorization Use of economic instruments in the EU 27 and waste management performances Shailendra Mudgal ORGANIZADO POR: CON LA COLABORACIÓN DE:

2 2 Established in 1989, BIO is a leading research and consulting company in the field of environmental and health evaluation of products and services and in improving the science-policy interface. BIO supports its clients through: Knowledge management Methods & tools Analytical assessment Communication support BIO in a nutshell

3 A pioneer in Europe Methodologies and policies towards SCP 1 st LCA in France 1 er sustainable public procurement program Involved in the development of the green building (HQE) programme in France Participates in ISO working groups on LCA Evaluated the environmental impact of an EU citizen Conceived the 1 st environmental labelling initiative in the retail sector in France (Casino) 1 st analysis estimating the potential of ICT in improving energy efficiency in the EU First assessments of fiscal instruments to encourage the uptake of greener products Created the database on environmental impacts of biofuels Assistance to the creation of several green dot organisations for several EPR streams 1 st multi-sector pilot project on environmental communication (300 products) Revision of the EU strategy on Mercury Development of the Resource strategy of the EU Impact assessment of the revision of the EIA Directive More than 500 life-cycle assessments (LCA), critical review of LCAs, and carbon footprint More than 100 projects for the EU institutions

4 4 Activities in the waste sector BIO IS supports private and public organisations in the management, monitoring, and improvement of waste management systems. Optimisation of the use of natural resources and waste prevention Implementation of sustainable waste management approaches Improvement of existing waste channels or help in establishing new channels, particularly in Producer Responsibility schemes Assessment of waste volumes generated and monitoring of companies declarations for regulated wastes Environmental, techno-economic and multi-criteria analyses Global and European benchmarking Development of decision-making tools

5 5 This study was launched as a follow-up to the Report on the Thematic Strategy on the Prevention and Recycling of Waste which was published in January 2011 This study was conducted under the framework contract on Sustainable Management of Resources, led by BIO Intelligence Service The project team for this specific study was led by the Institute for European Environmental Policy Relevant links Project website: European Commission webpage: Background

6 6 The objective of the study was to analyse the performances of the waste management systems in different MS and the use of Economic Instruments. Key elements: Identification of the various economic instruments used by the MS in relation to waste management focus on recycling and waste prevention Analysis of the potential impacts of the use of economic instruments at EU and MS levels through a modelling exercise and definition of the main policy options Instruments studied included Landfill and incineration fees and taxes, PAYT schemes and producer responsibility schemes (for specific waste streams) Evaluation of the potential of moving towards an EU approach on the application of economic instruments Objectives This study demonstrates practices in different Member States in the implementation of EU legally binding minimum targets and links between the performance of Member States and the use of economic instruments

7 7 The EU Roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe calls for: a transition to a resource efficient economy a much greater focus on re-use and recycling to achieve resource efficiency The Roadmap sets 2020 as a milestone by when: Overview of the EU situation (1/4) Waste is managed as a resource and absolute decoupling of waste per capita. Recycling and re-use of waste are economically attractive options and more materials are recycled. Waste legislation is fully implemented and Illegal shipments of waste have been eradicated. Energy recovery is limited to non recyclable materials, landfilling is virtually eliminated and high quality recycling is ensured. The increased use of EIs in the waste management sector is anticipated by the Commission as a means to helping to attain this vision.

8 8 The Waste Framework Directive (2008/98/EC) sets the following targets: the separate collection of paper, metal, plastic and glass by 2015 at least 50% of paper, plastics, metal and glass from households and similar origins prepared for reuse or recycled by 2020 at least 70% of non-hazardous construction and demolition (C&D) waste reused, recycled or undergoing material recovery by 2020 The Landfill Directive (1999/31/EC) sets the following targets for the reduction of biodegradable municipal waste going to landfill: a reduction to 75% of 1995 levels by 2006 a reduction to 50% of 1995 levels by 2009 a reduction to 35% of 1995 levels by 2016 Overview of the EU situation (2/4) Those MS sending more than 80% of their municipal waste to landfill in 1995 are permitted to postpone attainment of the above targets by up to four years

9 9 Overview of the EU situation (3/4) PRODUCT (NON-WASTE) PREVENTION WASTE PREPARING FOR RE-USE RECYCLING RECOVERY SAFE DISPOSAL

10 100% Overview of the EU situation (4/4) 90% 80% 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% DE NL AT SE BE DK LU FR FI UK IT SI ES PT IE CZ HU PL Landfill Incineration Recycling Composting EE SK GR MT CY LV LT RO BG EU 27 Source: Eurostat

11 11 Landfill taxes and fees (1/2) A distinction is made between: landfill taxes - a levy charged by a public authority for the disposal of waste gate fees - a charge set by the landfill operator for the provision of the service The sum of the tax and the gate fee represents the total charge for the disposal of waste in a landfill Key findings 19 MS have landfill taxes in place for the disposal of non-hazardous municipal waste sent to legal landfills. Gate fees are charged in all MS. Landfill restrictions for unsorted or untreated municipal waste exist in 14 MS. The total charge to landfill one tonne of municipal waste in the EU ranges widely from in Lithuania to up to in SE, same is true for landfill taxes, from 3 in Bulgaria to in The Netherlands. The Netherland has decided to eliminate the tax on landfill as part of a simplification of the taxes (2012). Revenues from the tax on landfill have dramatically reduced in line with the reduction of waste landfilled. However, the tax creates much administrative burden.

12 12 Waste management performances Landfill taxes and fees (2/2) There is a relationship between (higher) landfill taxes (and total charges) and (lower) quantity of municipal waste being sent to landfill Landfill restrictions also have an influence on forcing landfill rates to low levels Higher landfill charges tend to push waste towards recycling and composting. However, the correlation between increasing landfill tax and decreasing rates of MSW landfill is not apparent for all MS The two MS with the highest landfill taxes for inert/c&d waste (Denmark and The Netherlands) demonstrate the highest levels of recycling of such waste There is a trend for landfill tax rates increasing over time Taxes alone cannot enable zero landfilling but they rather shift the priority to material recovery

13 13 As for landfills, the same distinction can be made between incineration fees and taxes Key findings Only 6 MS were found to have incineration taxes in place for the disposal of municipal waste, and incineration gate fees were identified in 12 MS The level of taxation ranges very widely, from as little as 2.40 per tonne in France to 54 in Denmark while total charges from 46 in Czech Republic to 174 in Germany Waste management performances Incineration taxes and fees There is a general trend that higher incineration charges are generally associated with higher percentages of municipal waste being recycled and composted All MS that have incineration taxes also have landfill taxes, and in every case the landfill tax is higher than the incineration tax helps to push waste treatment up the waste hierarchy

14 14 Key findings PAYT (1/2) 17 MS employ PAYT systems for municipal waste only three MS (Austria, Finland, and Ireland) have PAYT schemes in place in all municipalities 16 MS use volume-based schemes, 15 use frequency-based schemes, 9 use weight-based schemes, and 6 use sack-based schemes There is a broad range of both the basis for charging and the amounts charged fees per kg range from 0.17 (Slovakia) to 0.36 (Sweden) The coverage varies widely, from a very small proportion in ES (Catalonia only) and the United Kingdom, to over 20% of municipalities in the Netherlands, 40% of the population in Luxembourg, and up to nationwide coverage in Austria, Finland and Ireland

15 15 Waste management performances PAYT schemes appear to be most effective when the fees payable by households are high enough to encourage reflection by householders on their waste generation behaviour There are arguments for not making charges so high that they give a strong incentive for illegal dumping Performance in specific countries: PAYT (2/2) In Austria, increased PAYT fees may have had a limited dampening effect on waste generation In Finland, residents who compost waste at home realise large savings over those who separate their compostable waste for separate collection and those who do not separate compostable waste. In Germany and Ireland, weight-based PAYT schemes observed a significant reduction in household waste generation in the first year of its introduction

16 Packaging WEEE ELVs Batteries Tyres C&D Farm plastics Total AT? 6 BE - 6 BG? CY CZ DK EE? FI FR - 6 DE - 6 EL HU?? IT LV LT Producer responsibility - Panorama Rationale Main reasons Variety of approaches LU MT NL - 6 PL PT RO?? SK SI? ES? 6 SE - -? 4 UK Total

17 Waste oils, oil filters Paper, card Medicines, medical waste Plastic bags Photochemicals, chemicals Producer responsibility - Panorama Newspapers Refrigerants Pesticides, herbicides Lamps, lightbulbs, fittings Other (covered by only one Member State) AT Bulky waste (metals, glass, plastics and wood); Expanded polystyrene; Plastic foils BE Disposable plastic kitchenware BG CY CZ DK EE FI FR Agricultural twine and netting; Clothes, household linen, shoes; Gas cylinders for domestic use; Household and professional furniture; Ink and ink cartridges; Mobile homes DE Commercial waste 1 EL HU - - -? IT Total

18 18 Modelling Scenarios Scenario A - All MS reach a level of landfill tax of at least 40 per tonne Scenario B In addition to landfill tax and other EIs are used as well Results of modelling Scenario A - the amount of MSW diverted from landfill in 2025 in EU-27 is 43 Mt compared to the baseline scenario or 19 Mt compared to the 2008 quantities Scenario B - the amount of MSW diverted from landfill same as in scenario A - the difference is found in the way in which the diverted waste will be treated lower incineration and higher recycling rates

19 Modelling Baseline Scenario Scenario A: min 40 /ton landfill tax

20 20 Policy options A selection of potential policy options have been suggested for consideration by the Commission, to promote an optimal use of EIs by the MS: Option 1 - Setting a minimum level of landfill tax to be applied in all MS developing a common method for calculating a minimum tax level could be developed, and taxes could be more strongly encouraged in the worst performing MS. Option 2 - setting criteria/producing guidance for the design of producer responsibility schemes the most successful producer responsibility schemes appear to share some common features and design features may influence the success of EPR schemes. Option 3 Encouraging the use of charging that ensures waste generators face incentives in line with the waste hierarchy provide incentives to producers to reduce waste generation and to make use of cost-effective recycling services

21

Implementing the cooperation mechanisms of the RES directive current status and open questions

Implementing the cooperation mechanisms of the RES directive current status and open questions Implementing the cooperation mechanisms of the RES directive current status and open questions Corinna Klessmann, Ecofys Germany RE-SHAPING Workshop, Vilnius, 16.05.2011 Supported by Intelligent Energy

More information

SURVEY ON THE TRAINING OF GENERAL CARE NURSES IN THE EUROPEAN UNION. The current minimum training requirements for general care nurses

SURVEY ON THE TRAINING OF GENERAL CARE NURSES IN THE EUROPEAN UNION. The current minimum training requirements for general care nurses SURVEY ON THE TRAINING OF GENERAL CARE NURSES IN THE EUROPEAN UNION This survey serves as a background document for the discussion of the Commission's legislative proposal to modernize the minimum requirements

More information

ERMInE Database. Presentation by Nils Flatabø SINTEF Energy Research. ERMInE Workshop 2 - Northern Europe Oslo, 1. November 2006

ERMInE Database. Presentation by Nils Flatabø SINTEF Energy Research. ERMInE Workshop 2 - Northern Europe Oslo, 1. November 2006 ERMInE Database Presentation by Nils Flatabø SINTEF Energy Research ERMInE Workshop 2 - Northern Europe Oslo, 1. November 26 Overview Content of the Ermine Database Electronic Questionnaire RTD&D Data

More information

Comparison of annuity markets (OECD National Annuity Markets: Features and Implications, Rusconi 2008) Mercer

Comparison of annuity markets (OECD National Annuity Markets: Features and Implications, Rusconi 2008) Mercer May 2009 Retirement Income/Annuities Around the World What US Policy Makers Might Learn Barbara Marder, Baltimore Global Defined Contribution Consulting Leader www.mercer.com 1 Comparison of annuity markets

More information

Joint Research Centre (JRC) Economic Analysis of Electronic Identification (EID) of Small Ruminants in Member States

Joint Research Centre (JRC) Economic Analysis of Electronic Identification (EID) of Small Ruminants in Member States 1 Joint Research Centre (JRC) Economic Analysis of Electronic Identification (EID) of Small Ruminants in Member States IPSC - Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen Ispra - Italy http://ipsc.jrc.ec.europa.eu/

More information

Study on comparison tools and third-party verification schemes

Study on comparison tools and third-party verification schemes Justice and Consumers Study on comparison tools and third-party verification schemes ECCG 25/03/2015 Julien Brugerolle JUST E6 Introduction Study objectives Explore consumer behavioural patterns in the

More information

INNOBAROMETER 2015 - THE INNOVATION TRENDS AT EU ENTERPRISES

INNOBAROMETER 2015 - THE INNOVATION TRENDS AT EU ENTERPRISES Eurobarometer INNOBAROMETER 2015 - THE INNOVATION TRENDS AT EU ENTERPRISES REPORT Fieldwork: February 2015 Publication: September 2015 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General

More information

Finnish foreign trade 2014 Figures and diagrams. 27.2.2015 FINNISH CUSTOMS Statistics 1

Finnish foreign trade 2014 Figures and diagrams. 27.2.2015 FINNISH CUSTOMS Statistics 1 Finnish foreign trade 214 Figures and diagrams 27.2.215 FINNISH CUSTOMS Statistics 1 IMPORTS, EXPORTS AND TRADE BALANCE 199-214 7 billion e 6 5 4 3 2 1-1 9 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

More information

CO2 BASED MOTOR VEHICLE TAXES IN THE EU IN 2015

CO2 BASED MOTOR VEHICLE TAXES IN THE EU IN 2015 CO2 BASED MOTOR VEHICLE TAXES IN THE EU IN 2015 COUNTRY AT (AUSTRIA) BE (BELGIUM) BG (BULGARIA) CO2/FUEL CONSUMPTION TAXES A fuel consumption tax (Normverbrauchsabgabe or NoVA) is levied upon the first

More information

Finance Office. Place of supply of rules

Finance Office. Place of supply of rules Finance Office Place of supply of rules Contents 1. Introduction 2. Sales - Supply of services 2.1 Business or Consumer 2.2 Place of belonging 2.3 General rules 2.4 Exceptions applying to the general rules

More information

THE ROLE OF PUBLIC SUPPORT IN THE COMMERCIALISATION OF INNOVATIONS

THE ROLE OF PUBLIC SUPPORT IN THE COMMERCIALISATION OF INNOVATIONS Flash Eurobarometer THE ROLE OF PUBLIC SUPPORT IN THE COMMERCIALISATION OF INNOVATIONS REPORT Fieldwork: January February 2014 Publication: May 2014 This survey has been requested by the European Commission,

More information

Digital Agenda Targets Progress report. Digital Agenda Scoreboard 2014

Digital Agenda Targets Progress report. Digital Agenda Scoreboard 2014 Digital Agenda Targets Progress report Digital Agenda Scoreboard 2014 1 NGA coverage: Fast broadband technologies capable of providing at least 30 Mbps are available to 64%, up from 54% a year ago Among

More information

OVERVIEW OF PURCHASE AND TAX INCENTIVES FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES IN THE EU

OVERVIEW OF PURCHASE AND TAX INCENTIVES FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES IN THE EU 01.04.2014 OVERVIEW OF PURCHASE AND TAX INCENTIVES FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLES IN THE EU This table provides an overview of the incentives that are granted in the Member States of the European Union for the

More information

Social dumping and free movement: Overview of current issues from an economic point of view

Social dumping and free movement: Overview of current issues from an economic point of view Social dumping and free movement: Overview of current issues from an economic point of view Prof. dr. Jozef Pacolet & Frederic De Wispelaere Design Charles & Ray Eames - Hang it all Vitra Statistics on

More information

ENTERING THE EU BORDERS & VISAS THE SCHENGEN AREA OF FREE MOVEMENT. EU Schengen States. Non-Schengen EU States. Non-EU Schengen States.

ENTERING THE EU BORDERS & VISAS THE SCHENGEN AREA OF FREE MOVEMENT. EU Schengen States. Non-Schengen EU States. Non-EU Schengen States. ENTERING THE EU BORDERS & VISAS THE SCHENGEN AREA OF FREE MOVEMENT An area without internal borders where EU citizens and non-eu nationals may move freely EU Schengen States Non-Schengen EU States IS Azores

More information

Dublin, March 2013. EPSO Network of Experts in the field of Personnel Selection 14th March 2013

Dublin, March 2013. EPSO Network of Experts in the field of Personnel Selection 14th March 2013 Dublin, March 2013 EPSO Network of Experts in the field of Personnel Selection 14th March 2013 On-going and upcoming competitions AD2012 by Citizenship AD2012 Citizenship %EU Population validated application

More information

A Zero Waste Vision for Europe: management of resources and the key role of biowaste

A Zero Waste Vision for Europe: management of resources and the key role of biowaste A Zero Waste Vision for Europe: management of resources and the key role of biowaste Enzo Favoino Scuola Agraria del Parco di Monza Chair, Scientific Committee, Zero Waste Europe 1 Overview What is Zero

More information

EN 106 EN 4. THE MOBILE USE OF THE INTERNET BY INDIVIDUALS AND ENTERPRISES. 4.1. Introduction

EN 106 EN 4. THE MOBILE USE OF THE INTERNET BY INDIVIDUALS AND ENTERPRISES. 4.1. Introduction 4. THE MOBILE USE OF THE INTERNET BY INDIVIDUALS AND ENTERPRISES 4.1. Introduction This chapter looks at mobile use of the internet by individuals and enterprises, benefiting from new data collected in

More information

The coverage rate of social benefits. Research note 9/2013

The coverage rate of social benefits. Research note 9/2013 Research note 9/2013 SOCIAL SITUATION OBSERVATORY INCOME DISTRIBUTION AND LIVING CONDITIONS APPLICA (BE), EUROPEAN CENTRE FOR THE EUROPEAN CENTRE FOR SOCIAL WELFARE POLICY AND RESEARCH (AT), ISER UNIVERSITY

More information

OVERVIEW OF RESEARCH PROJECTS IN THE ICT DOMAIN 2012. ICT statistical report for annual monitoring (StReAM)

OVERVIEW OF RESEARCH PROJECTS IN THE ICT DOMAIN 2012. ICT statistical report for annual monitoring (StReAM) OVERVIEW OF RESEARCH PROJECTS IN THE ICT DOMAIN 2012 ICT statistical report for annual monitoring (StReAM) 12 June 2013 ACRONYMS AAL: ACC: ARTEMIS: ASS: BPN: CA: CIP: CP: CSA: EEA: EPO: FP: FET: GBAORD:

More information

Private Sector Debt Dívida do Sector Privado. dossiers. Economic Outlook Conjuntura Económica. Conjuntura Económica.

Private Sector Debt Dívida do Sector Privado. dossiers. Economic Outlook Conjuntura Económica. Conjuntura Económica. dossiers Economic Outlook Private Sector Debt Dívida do Sector Privado Last Update Última Actualização:12/08/2015 Portugal Economy Probe (PE Probe) Prepared by PE Probe Preparado por PE Probe Copyright

More information

INTRODUCTION... 2. I. Participation in the 2014 European elections... 3

INTRODUCTION... 2. I. Participation in the 2014 European elections... 3 ?? Directorate-General for Communication PUBLIC OPINION MONITORING UNIT 2014 EUROPEAN ELECTIONS DESK RESEARCH Brussels, April 2015 Profile of voters and abstainees in the European elections 2014 INTRODUCTION...

More information

HOW COMPANIES INFLUENCE OUR SOCIETY: CITIZENS VIEW

HOW COMPANIES INFLUENCE OUR SOCIETY: CITIZENS VIEW Flash Eurobarometer HOW COMPANIES INFLUENCE OUR SOCIETY: CITIZENS VIEW REPORT Fieldwork: October-November 2012 Publication: April 2013 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General

More information

Taxation of tobacco products in the European Union. Frank Van Driessche DG Taxation and Customs Union May 2006

Taxation of tobacco products in the European Union. Frank Van Driessche DG Taxation and Customs Union May 2006 1 Taxation of tobacco products in the European Union Frank Van Driessche DG Taxation and Customs Union May 2006 2 Legislation on taxation Directive 92/79/EEC (Approximation of taxes on cigarettes) Directive

More information

ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS WASTE MANAGEMENT AND RESOURCE EFFICIENCY

ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS WASTE MANAGEMENT AND RESOURCE EFFICIENCY Flash Eurobarometer ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS WASTE MANAGEMENT AND RESOURCE EFFICIENCY REPORT Fieldwork: December 0 Publication: June 0 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General

More information

European Research Council

European Research Council ERC Advanced Grants 2011 Outcome: Indicative Statistics Reproduction is authorised provided that the source ERC is acknowledged NB: In these graphs grantee refers to a candidate selected for ERC funding

More information

European Research Council

European Research Council ERC Starting Grant Outcome: Indicative statistics Reproduction is authorised provided the source ERC is acknowledged ERCEA/JH. ERC Starting Grant: call Submitted and selected proposals by domain Submitted

More information

Number of resident patent applications to the European Patent Office per 1 million population

Number of resident patent applications to the European Patent Office per 1 million population CENTRAL STATISTICAL OFFICE STATISTICAL OFFICE IN KATOWICE Sustainable Development Indicators. National module More information: for substantive matters concerning: national indicators and those on the

More information

European policy approaches to waste management and infrastructure

European policy approaches to waste management and infrastructure European policy approaches to waste management and infrastructure A5.0 Overview Appendix 5 Of greatest interest in terms of understanding the policies best suited for Irish waste management, infrastructure

More information

Waste. Copenhagen, 3 rd September 2014. Almut Reichel Project Manager Sustainable consumption and production & waste, European Environment Agency

Waste. Copenhagen, 3 rd September 2014. Almut Reichel Project Manager Sustainable consumption and production & waste, European Environment Agency Waste Copenhagen, 3 rd September 2014 Almut Reichel Project Manager Sustainable consumption and production & waste, European Environment Agency Waste and material resources MAWP Strategic Area 1.9 Objective

More information

Waste-to-Energy. Ella Stengler Managing Director CEWEP. presentation of the Third Report on WtE plants in Italy by Federambiente and ENEA

Waste-to-Energy. Ella Stengler Managing Director CEWEP. presentation of the Third Report on WtE plants in Italy by Federambiente and ENEA Waste-to-Energy in Europe Ella Stengler Managing Director CEWEP presentation of the Third Report on WtE plants in Italy by Federambiente and ENEA 1 12 April 2012 CEWEP Confederation of European Waste-to-Energy

More information

BUSINESS-TO-BUSINESS ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION IN THE EU

BUSINESS-TO-BUSINESS ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION IN THE EU Flash Eurobarometer BUSINESS-TO-BUSINESS ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION IN THE EU REPORT Fieldwork: March-April 22 Publication: November 22 This survey has been requested by Directorate-General for Justice

More information

What do the recent regional GDP statistics tell us about Cohesion?

What do the recent regional GDP statistics tell us about Cohesion? Analysis from the CPMR Secretariat July 2015 What do the recent regional GDP statistics tell us about Cohesion? Headline messages - Recent regional GDP statistics reveal that regional disparities are on

More information

European judicial training 2014. Justice

European judicial training 2014. Justice European judicial training 2014 Justice Europe Direct is a service to help you find answers to your questions about the European Union. Freephone number (*): 00 800 6 7 8 9 10 11 (*) Certain mobile telephone

More information

Country specific notes on municipal waste data

Country specific notes on municipal waste data EUROPEAN COMMISSION EUROSTAT Directorate E: Sectoral and regional statistics Unit E-2: Environmental Statistics and Accounts; Sustainable Development Country specific notes on municipal waste data Last

More information

The EU Energy Tax Directive: overview about the proposed reform, impacts on national measures and state of play

The EU Energy Tax Directive: overview about the proposed reform, impacts on national measures and state of play Environmentally Related Taxes and Fiscal Reform Rome, Thursday, 15 December 2011 The EU Energy Tax Directive: overview about the proposed reform, impacts on national measures and state of play A short

More information

User language preferences online. Analytical report

User language preferences online. Analytical report Flash Eurobarometer 313 The Gallup Organization Flash Eurobarometer European Commission User language preferences online Analytical report Fieldwork: January 2011 Publication: May 2011 This survey was

More information

Public consultation on the establishment of a quantitative reduction headline target for marine litter

Public consultation on the establishment of a quantitative reduction headline target for marine litter Public consultation on the establishment of a quantitative reduction headline target for marine litter The aim of this consultation is to understand stakeholders views on a range of actions and policies

More information

Voluntary health insurance and health care reforms

Voluntary health insurance and health care reforms Voluntary health insurance and health care reforms Sarah Thomson Senior Research Fellow, European Observatory Deputy Director, LSE Health IMF conference, Paris, 21 st June 2011 Health financing policy

More information

Finnish foreign trade 2013 Figures and diagrams. 7.2.2014 TULLI Tilastointi 1

Finnish foreign trade 2013 Figures and diagrams. 7.2.2014 TULLI Tilastointi 1 Finnish foreign trade 213 Figures and diagrams 7.2.214 TULLI Tilastointi 1 IMPORTS, EXPORTS AND BALANCE OF TRADE 199-213 billion e 7 6 5 4 3 2 1-1 9 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 11 12

More information

EUROPEAN YOUTH: PARTICIPATION IN DEMOCRATIC LIFE

EUROPEAN YOUTH: PARTICIPATION IN DEMOCRATIC LIFE Flash Eurobarometer EUROPEAN YOUTH: PARTICIPATION IN DEMOCRATIC LIFE REPORT Fieldwork: April 2013 Publication: May 2013 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for

More information

Enzo Favoino. Scuola Agraria del Parco di Monza. Chair, Scientific Committee, ZeroWasteEurope

Enzo Favoino. Scuola Agraria del Parco di Monza. Chair, Scientific Committee, ZeroWasteEurope Going Towards Zero Viability of the Zero Waste practice and the key role of biowaste Principles, practice and benefits Enzo Favoino Scuola Agraria del Parco di Monza Chair, Scientific Committee, ZeroWasteEurope

More information

Waste-to-Energy in Europe. Ella Stengler

Waste-to-Energy in Europe. Ella Stengler Waste-to-Energy in Europe Ella Stengler La termovalorizzazione dei rifiuti per una strategia della sostenibilità Milan, 27 th March 2014 CEWEP Confederation of European Waste-to-Energy Plants CEWEP is

More information

Family Law. Fieldwork: June 2006 Report: October 2006

Family Law. Fieldwork: June 2006 Report: October 2006 The Gallup Organization Flash EB N o 188 Consular Protection and Family Law Flash Eurobarometer European Commission Family Law Summary Fieldwork: June 06 Report: October 06 Flash Eurobarometer 188 The

More information

ECCE Standing Committee Education & Training

ECCE Standing Committee Education & Training ECCE Standing Committee Education & Training Impact of the Bologna Process on Civil engineering education in Europe Prof. Iacint Manoliu 45 th ECCE meeting Bucharest, 11 May 2007 SCD Civil Engineering

More information

EUROPE 2020 TARGET: EARLY LEAVERS FROM EDUCATION AND TRAINING

EUROPE 2020 TARGET: EARLY LEAVERS FROM EDUCATION AND TRAINING EUROPE 2020 TARGET: EARLY LEAVERS FROM EDUCATION AND TRAINING By 2020, the share of early leavers from education and training (aged 18-24) should be less than 10% Early school leaving 1 is an obstacle

More information

Quality of Drinking Water in the EU

Quality of Drinking Water in the EU Quality of Drinking Water in the EU Public Consultation Questionnaire Quality of Drinking Water in the EU Introduction In its Communication on the European Citizens' Initiative "Right2Water", COM(2014)177

More information

SMES, RESOURCE EFFICIENCY AND GREEN MARKETS

SMES, RESOURCE EFFICIENCY AND GREEN MARKETS Eurobarometer SMES, RESOURCE EFFICIENCY AND GREEN MARKETS REPORT Fieldwork: September 2013 Publication: December 2013 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for

More information

ehealth in support of safety, quality and continuity of care within and across borders

ehealth in support of safety, quality and continuity of care within and across borders ehealth in support of safety, quality and continuity of care within and across borders Gerard Comyn Acting Director Information Society & Media DG European Commission http://europa.eu.int/information_society/activities/health/index_en.htm

More information

Enzo Favoino. Scuola Agraria del Parco di Monza. Chair, Scientific Committee, ZWE

Enzo Favoino. Scuola Agraria del Parco di Monza. Chair, Scientific Committee, ZWE Going Towards Zero The Zero Waste vision and local practice: case studies, approaches, and operational results in the European context Enzo Favoino Scuola Agraria del Parco di Monza Chair, Scientific Committee,

More information

ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS BUILDING THE SINGLE MARKET FOR GREEN PRODUCTS

ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS BUILDING THE SINGLE MARKET FOR GREEN PRODUCTS Flash Eurobarometer 367 ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS BUILDING THE SINGLE MARKET FOR GREEN PRODUCTS SUMMARY Fieldwork: December 2012 Publication: July 2013 This survey has been requested by the European

More information

Minimum Wage Protection Current German and European Debates

Minimum Wage Protection Current German and European Debates Årskonferanse i Fafo Østforum Fire år etter EU-utvidelsen: Status og framtidsperspektiver Oslo, 3 June 2008 Minimum Wage Protection Current German and European Debates Thorsten Schulten Wirtschafts- und

More information

R4R GUIDELINES FOR LOCAL AND REGIONAL AUTHORITIES

R4R GUIDELINES FOR LOCAL AND REGIONAL AUTHORITIES R4R GUIDELINES FOR LOCAL AND REGIONAL AUTHORITIES Helping cities and regions to improve their selective collection and recycling strategies November 2014 1. THE R4R PROJECT IN A NUTSHELL 1.1 The birth

More information

SESAR. Luftfahrttechnologie - Auftaktveranstaltung zum 7. EU-Forschungsrahmenprogramm Wien, 4 Dezember 2006

SESAR. Luftfahrttechnologie - Auftaktveranstaltung zum 7. EU-Forschungsrahmenprogramm Wien, 4 Dezember 2006 Luftfahrttechnologie - Auftaktveranstaltung zum 7. EU-Forschungsrahmenprogramm Wien, 4 Dezember 2006 SESAR Christian Pusch EUROCONTROL Experimental Centre European page 1Organisation of 22 for the Safety

More information

Katy Taylor, European Coalition to End Animal Experiments (ECEAE), London, UK

Katy Taylor, European Coalition to End Animal Experiments (ECEAE), London, UK COMMENT EU member state contribution to alternative methods 1 Katy Taylor, European Coalition to End Animal Experiments (ECEAE), London, UK Summary Article 47 of the new EU Directive 2010/63/EU on the

More information

ERGP (12) 33 ERGP report on data collection ERGP REPORT WITH DATA ON INDICATORS ON THE POSTAL MARKET

ERGP (12) 33 ERGP report on data collection ERGP REPORT WITH DATA ON INDICATORS ON THE POSTAL MARKET ERGP REPORT WITH DATA ON INDICATORS ON THE POSTAL MARKET April 2013 Contents List of Tables... 3 List of Figures... 3 Country codes... 5 Executive Summary... 6 Part 1 Background and objectives... 8 Part

More information

72/2015-21 April 2015

72/2015-21 April 2015 72/2015-21 April 2015 Provision of deficit and debt data for 2014 - first notification Euro area and EU28 government deficit at 2.4% and 2.9% of GDP respectively Government debt at 91.9% and 86.8% In 2014,

More information

Public Debt and Contingent Liabilities: A Cross-Country Comparison

Public Debt and Contingent Liabilities: A Cross-Country Comparison Public Debt and Contingent Liabilities: A Cross-Country Comparison Melchior Vella and Gevit Duca * 1. Contingent Liabilities 1.1 What are contingent liabilities? Contingent liabilities are obligations

More information

DOCTORAL (Ph.D) THESIS

DOCTORAL (Ph.D) THESIS DOCTORAL (Ph.D) THESIS UNIVERSITY OF KAPOSVÁR FACULTY OF ECONOMIC SCIENCE Department of Finance and Economics Head of Doctors School: DR. GÁBOR UDOVECZ Doctor of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences Supervisor:

More information

EUROPEAN AREA OF SKILLS AND QUALIFICATIONS

EUROPEAN AREA OF SKILLS AND QUALIFICATIONS EUROPEAN AREA OF SKILLS AND QUALIFICATIONS REPORT Fieldwork: April - May 2014 Publication: June 2014 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Education and Culture

More information

Delia Velculescu, IMF April 1, 2011

Delia Velculescu, IMF April 1, 2011 Delia Velculescu, IMF April 1, 2011 Several CEE countries have reduced pre-funding of future liabilities since 2009: Lithuania, Latvia, Romania, and Estonia: temporary measures and fiscal consolidation

More information

Towards a safer use of the Internet for children in the EU a parents perspective. Analytical report

Towards a safer use of the Internet for children in the EU a parents perspective. Analytical report Flash Eurobarometer 248 The Gallup Organisation Analytical Report Flash EB N o 251 Public attitudes and perceptions in the euro area Flash Eurobarometer European Commission Towards a safer use of the Internet

More information

Monitoring the social impact of the crisis: public perceptions in the European Union (wave 6) REPORT

Monitoring the social impact of the crisis: public perceptions in the European Union (wave 6) REPORT Eurobarometer Monitoring the social impact of the crisis: public perceptions in the European Union (wave 6) REPORT Fieldwork: December 2011 Publication: April 2012 This survey has been requested by Directorate-General

More information

ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS BUILDING THE SINGLE MARKET FOR GREEN PRODUCTS

ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS BUILDING THE SINGLE MARKET FOR GREEN PRODUCTS Eurobarometer ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS BUILDING THE SINGLE MARKET FOR GREEN PRODUCTS REPORT Fieldwork: December 2012 Publication: July 2013 This survey has been requested by the European Commission,

More information

Our patent and trade mark attorneys are here to help you protect and profit from your ideas, making sure they re working every bit as hard as you do.

Our patent and trade mark attorneys are here to help you protect and profit from your ideas, making sure they re working every bit as hard as you do. Our patent and trade mark attorneys are here to help you protect and profit from your ideas, making sure they re working every bit as hard as you do. Our people work with everyone from multi-nationals

More information

Green Economy: 10 years Success Story of End-of-Life Vehicles. ECOMONDO Rimini, 9 November 2011 Speaker: Artemis Hatzi-Hull

Green Economy: 10 years Success Story of End-of-Life Vehicles. ECOMONDO Rimini, 9 November 2011 Speaker: Artemis Hatzi-Hull Green Economy: 10 years Success Story of End-of-Life Vehicles ECOMONDO Rimini, 9 November 2011 Speaker: Artemis Hatzi-Hull Outline 1. The E.L.V Directive 2. Extended Producer Responsibility in ELV 3. The

More information

The ICT workforce and e-leadership demand and supply (2014-2020)

The ICT workforce and e-leadership demand and supply (2014-2020) The ICT workforce and e-leadership demand and supply (2014-2020) Tobias Hüsing, Senior Research Consultant, empirica GmbH Marianne Kolding, Vice President IDC European e-skills 2014 Conference e-leadership

More information

Broadband markets Digital Agenda Scoreboard 1 2014

Broadband markets Digital Agenda Scoreboard 1 2014 Broadband markets Digital Agenda Scoreboard 2014 1 Broadband coverage: Basic broadband is available to everyone in the EU, while fixed technologies cover 97% leaving 6 million homes unconnected. Next Generation

More information

ANALYSIS OF THE STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATION ON

ANALYSIS OF THE STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATION ON ANALYSIS OF THE STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATION ON Science and Technology, the key to Europe s future: guidelines for future European policy to support research COM(353)2004 DG Research, European Commission,

More information

Broadband Coverage in Europe Final Report 2009 Survey Data as of 31 December 2008. DG INFSO 80106 December 2009 IDATE 1

Broadband Coverage in Europe Final Report 2009 Survey Data as of 31 December 2008. DG INFSO 80106 December 2009 IDATE 1 Broadband Coverage in Europe Final Report 2009 Survey Data as of 31 December 2008 DG INFSO 80106 December 2009 IDATE 1 Table of contents 1. Methodological notes...5 2. Executive summary...7 3. European

More information

EUROPEAN CITIZENS DIGITAL HEALTH LITERACY

EUROPEAN CITIZENS DIGITAL HEALTH LITERACY Flash Eurobarometer EUROPEAN CITIZENS DIGITAL HEALTH LITERACY REPORT Fieldwork: September 2014 Publication: November 2014 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General

More information

egovernment Digital Agenda Scoreboard 2014

egovernment Digital Agenda Scoreboard 2014 egovernment Digital Agenda Scoreboard 2014 1 egovernment use in EU28 has been flat In 2013 egovernment services have been used by 41% of the EU28 population, down from 44% in 2012 and almost at the same

More information

EUROPE 2020 TARGETS: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

EUROPE 2020 TARGETS: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EUROPE 2020 TARGETS: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT Research, development and innovation are key policy components of the EU strategy for economic growth: Europe 2020. By fostering market take-up of new, innovative

More information

3 Year: Year of the submission of the ingredient information.

3 Year: Year of the submission of the ingredient information. 1 2 Footnotes to Table 3 Name of Manufacturer or Importer: This information is submitted by Philip Morris Products S.A., which owns the relevant intellectual property rights of Philip Morris International

More information

INNOVATION IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR: ITS PERCEPTION IN AND IMPACT ON BUSINESS

INNOVATION IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR: ITS PERCEPTION IN AND IMPACT ON BUSINESS Flash Eurobarometer INNOVATION IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR: ITS PERCEPTION IN AND IMPACT ON BUSINESS REPORT Fieldwork: February-March 22 Publication: June 22 This survey has been requested by the European Commission,

More information

SMES, RESOURCE EFFICIENCY AND GREEN MARKETS

SMES, RESOURCE EFFICIENCY AND GREEN MARKETS Flash Eurobarometer 381 SMES, RESOURCE EFFICIENCY AND GREEN MARKETS SUMMARY Fieldwork: September 2013 Publication: December 2013 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General

More information

JRC SCIENTIFIC AND POLICY REPORTS

JRC SCIENTIFIC AND POLICY REPORTS JRC SCIENTIFIC AND POLICY REPORTS Global Resources Use and Pollution, Volume 1 / Production, Consumption and Trade (-2008) Authors Iñaki Arto, Aurélien Genty, José Manuel Rueda-Cantuche, Alejandro Villanueva

More information

I have asked for asylum in the EU which country will handle my claim?

I have asked for asylum in the EU which country will handle my claim? EN I have asked for asylum in the EU which country will handle my claim? A Information about the Dublin Regulation for applicants for international protection pursuant to article 4 of Regulation (EU) No

More information

Report on the Possibility for Insurance Companies to Use Hedge Funds 1

Report on the Possibility for Insurance Companies to Use Hedge Funds 1 CEIOPS-DOC-06/05 Rev.1 Report on the Possibility for Insurance Companies to Use Hedge Funds 1 December 2005 1. Introduction The purpose of this survey is to gather information at Community level on the

More information

GDP per capita, consumption per capita and comparative price levels in Europe

GDP per capita, consumption per capita and comparative price levels in Europe Economy and finance Author: Lars SVENNEBYE Statistics in focus 2008 GDP per capita, consumption per capita and comparative price levels in Europe Final results for 2005 and preliminary results for 2006

More information

Effects of a White Certificate trading scheme on the energy system of the EU-27

Effects of a White Certificate trading scheme on the energy system of the EU-27 Effects of a White Certificate trading scheme on the energy system of the EU-27 Ralf Kuder Institute of Energy Economics and the Rational Use of Energy University of Stuttgart 08.09.2009, Vienna Overview

More information

Labor market reforms in Europe towards more flexicure labor markets?

Labor market reforms in Europe towards more flexicure labor markets? Labor market reforms in Europe towards more flexicure labor markets? (joint work with Paul Marx and Caroline Wehner) Werner Eichhorst ILO / IZA Conference on Assessing Labor Market Reforms Geneva, 10 March

More information

Current situation of municipal waste management in the 10 selected MS, key problems and challenges identified

Current situation of municipal waste management in the 10 selected MS, key problems and challenges identified Current situation of municipal waste management in the 10 selected MS, key problems and challenges identified High level seminar on policy instruments to improve municipal waste management Brussels, 19

More information

Trade under threshold estimation

Trade under threshold estimation Trade under threshold estimation Nordic meeting for trade in goods and services/bop Stockholm 2012 Haukur Björnsson (presented by Auður Ólína Svavarsdóttir) Overview Background Estimation of trade under

More information

SURVEY OF SCHOOLS: ICT IN EDUCATION COUNTRY PROFILE: CZECH REPUBLIC

SURVEY OF SCHOOLS: ICT IN EDUCATION COUNTRY PROFILE: CZECH REPUBLIC SURVEY OF SCHOOLS: ICT IN EDUCATION COUNTRY PROFILE: CZECH REPUBLIC November 2012 This report was prepared by the Contractor: European Schoolnet and University of Liège under contract SMART 2010/0039.

More information

The EU s 2030 Effort Sharing Agreement

The EU s 2030 Effort Sharing Agreement The EU s 2030 Effort Sharing Agreement Brussels CEPS Workshop, 29.06.2015 Oliver Sartor, oliver.sartor@iddri.org Research Fellow, Climate & Energy Policy, IDDRI Celine MARCY, IDDRI Institute for Sustainable

More information

RETAILERS ATTITUDES TOWARDS CROSS- BORDER TRADE AND CONSUMER PROTECTION

RETAILERS ATTITUDES TOWARDS CROSS- BORDER TRADE AND CONSUMER PROTECTION Eurobarometer RETAILERS ATTITUDES TOWARDS CROSS- BORDER TRADE AND CONSUMER PROTECTION REPORT Fieldwork: September - October 2012 Publication: June 2013 This survey has been requested by the European Commission,

More information

Family Law. Analytical Report

Family Law. Analytical Report Flash Eurobarometer European Commission Family Law Analytical Report Fieldwork: June 2006 Report: October 2006 Flash Eurobarometer 188 The Gallup Organization This survey was requested by Directorate-General

More information

COMPANIES ENGAGED IN ONLINE ACTIVITIES

COMPANIES ENGAGED IN ONLINE ACTIVITIES Flash Eurobarometer 413 COMPANIES ENGAGED IN ONLINE ACTIVITIES SUMMARY Fieldwork: January-February 2015 Publication: May 2015 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General

More information

MM, EFES EN. Marc Mathieu

MM, EFES EN. Marc Mathieu MM, EFES EN Marc Mathieu La Tribune Hewitt EUROPEAN EMPLOYEE OWNERSHIP ACROSS THE CRISIS Numbers 2006/2007/2008/2009 2009 2008 2007 2006 Employee owners 9.3 million 9.0 million 8.4 million Employees' share

More information

The energy industry and energy price issues in Slovakia during recent years 1

The energy industry and energy price issues in Slovakia during recent years 1 The energy industry and energy price issues in Slovakia during recent years 1 Ing. Mikulá Cár, PhD. National Bank of Slovakia The energy industry and energy prices are becoming a subject of political decisions

More information

Special Eurobarometer 423 CYBER SECURITY SUMMARY

Special Eurobarometer 423 CYBER SECURITY SUMMARY Special Eurobarometer 423 CYBER SECURITY SUMMARY Fieldwork: October 2014 Publication: February 2015 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Home Affairs and co-ordinated

More information

Post-Consumer Plastic Waste Management in European Countries 2012 - EU 27 + 2 Countries -

Post-Consumer Plastic Waste Management in European Countries 2012 - EU 27 + 2 Countries - Final Report (October 2013) Post-Consumer Plastic Waste Management in European Countries 2012 - EU 27 + 2 Countries - PlasticsEurope Av. E. Van Nieuwenhuyse 4/3 B-1160 Bruxelles CONSULTIC MARKETING & INDUSTRIEBERATUNG

More information

Unmarried births turn UK into the family breakdown capital of Western Europe

Unmarried births turn UK into the family breakdown capital of Western Europe Unmarried births turn UK into the family breakdown capital of Western Europe Harry Benson, The Marriage Foundation, October 2014 Family breakdown affecting children can only come from one of two sources:

More information

Special Eurobarometer 398 INTERNAL MARKET REPORT

Special Eurobarometer 398 INTERNAL MARKET REPORT Special Eurobarometer 398 INTERNAL MARKET REPORT Fieldwork: April - May 2013 Publication: October 2013 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General Internal Market and

More information

Total. Manufacturing. High tech. Medium-high tech. Low and medium-low tech. Total. Market services Know ledge intensive

Total. Manufacturing. High tech. Medium-high tech. Low and medium-low tech. Total. Market services Know ledge intensive Statistics in focus SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY High tech industries and knowledge based services The importance of R&D and Human Resources in Science and Technology Figure 1: Proportion of Human Resources

More information

EUROPEANS SATISFACTION WITH RAIL SERVICES

EUROPEANS SATISFACTION WITH RAIL SERVICES Flash Eurobarometer 382a EUROPEANS SATISFACTION WITH RAIL SERVICES SUMMARY Fieldwork: September 2013 Publication: December 2013 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General

More information

BUILDING THE DIGITAL SINGLE MARKET CROSS BORDER DEMAND FOR CONTENT SERVICES

BUILDING THE DIGITAL SINGLE MARKET CROSS BORDER DEMAND FOR CONTENT SERVICES Special Eurobarometer 366 BUILDING THE DIGITAL SINGLE MARKET CROSS BORDER DEMAND FOR CONTENT SERVICES REPORT Fieldwork: April - May 2011 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General

More information

RETAIL FINANCIAL SERVICES

RETAIL FINANCIAL SERVICES Special Eurobarometer 373 RETAIL FINANCIAL SERVICES REPORT Fieldwork: September 211 Publication: April 212 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General Internal Market

More information

Digital Inclusion and Skills. Digital Agenda Scoreboard 2014

Digital Inclusion and Skills. Digital Agenda Scoreboard 2014 Digital Inclusion and Skills Digital Agenda Scoreboard 2014 1 72% of EU population uses the internet weekly and 57% of disadvantaged do so. Most of EU population (62%) uses the internet every day. The

More information