Related Standards and Background Information

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Related Standards and Background Information"

Transcription

1 Related Standards and Background Information Earth Patterns, Cycles and Changes This strand focuses on student understanding of patterns in nature, natural cycles, and changes that occur both quickly and slowly over time. An important idea represented in this strand is the relationship among Earth patterns, cycles, and change and their effects on living things. The topics developed include noting and measuring changes, weather and seasonal changes, the water cycle, cycles in the Earth-moon-sun system, our solar system, and change in Earth s surface over time. This strand includes science standards K.9, K.10, 1.7, 2.7, 3.8, 3.9, 4.7, 4.8, and The student will investigate and understand the organization of the solar system. Key concepts include a) the planets in the solar system; b) the order of the planets in the solar system; and c) the relative sizes of the planets. Understanding the Standard: Solar System This standard focuses on providing an introduction to our solar system. This includes the introduction to the planets in the solar system, their order in the solar system in relation to the sun, and the sizes of the planets in relation to the size of Earth. A more in-depth study of the solar system is in standard 6.8. It is intended that students will actively develop and utilize scientific investigation, reasoning, and logic skills (4.1) in the context of the key concepts presented in this standard. Pre SOL None Lab Focus Post SOL None While learning the content of this standard students will design their own models and experiments covering SOL 4.1 l, m. 4.1 The student will demonstrate an understanding of scientific reasoning, logic, and the nature of science by planning and conducting investigations in which l) models are constructed to clarify explanations, demonstrate relationships, and solve needs; and m) current applications are used to reinforce science concepts. Students must: construct a simple model of the sun and the planets in our solar system.

2 Overview Our solar system is ancient. Early astronomers believed that Earth was the center of the universe and all other heavenly bodies orbited around Earth. We now know that our sun is the center of our solar system and eight planets, a handful of dwarf planets, 170 named moons, dust, gas, and thousands of asteroids and comets orbit around the sun. Our solar system is made up of eight planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars are considered terrestrial planets. Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune are called gas giants. Mercury is closest to the sun and is a small, heavily cratered planet. Mercury looks like our moon. Since Pluto s reclassification from planet to dwarf planet, Mercury is now the smallest planet in our solar system. Venus is second from the sun. It is similar to Earth in size and mass, and has a permanent blanket of clouds that trap so much heat that the temperatures on the surface of Venus are hot enough to melt lead. Earth is third from the sun. Earth s atmosphere, the liquid water found on Earth, and its distance from the sun, among many other factors, make Earth a haven for life. Mars is fourth from the sun. The atmosphere on Mars is thin and there is a vast network of canyons and riverbeds on the red planet. Scientists hypothesize that Mars once supported a wet, warm Earth-like climate. Jupiter is fifth from the sun. Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system and is considered a gas giant. Jupiter has no solid surface. Saturn is sixth from the sun. Early scientists thought Saturn was the only planet with rings, but we now know that all four gas giants (Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune) have rings. Uranus is seventh from the sun. Uranus is a gas giant. Neptune is eighth from the sun. Neptune appears blue through telescopes and is a gas giant. Essential Knowledge, Skills and Processes In order to meet this standard, it is expected that students will name the eight planets and describe whether they are a terrestrial planet or a gas giant. sequence the eight planets in the solar system based on their position from the sun. (Mercury is the first from the sun, Venus is the second, etc.) sequence the eight planets in the solar system based on size (Jupiter is the largest, Saturn is next, etc.) construct a simple model of the sun and the planets in our solar system.

3 The eight planets sorted by size from largest to smallest are: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Earth, Venus, Mars, and Mercury. Pluto is no longer included in the list of planets in our solar system due to its small size and irregular orbit. Many astronomers questioned whether Pluto should be grouped with worlds like Earth and Jupiter. In 2006, this debate led the International Astronomical Union (IAU), the recognized authority in naming heavenly objects, to formally reclassify Pluto. On August 24, 2006, Pluto's status was officially changed from planet to dwarf planet. A new distinct class of objects called "dwarf planets" was identified in It was agreed that "planets" and "dwarf planets" are two distinct classes of objects. The first members of the dwarf planet category are Ceres, Pluto and 2003 UB313, given the name Eris. More dwarf planets are expected to be announced by the IAU in the future. What differentiates a dwarf planet from a planet? For the most part, they are identical, but there is one key difference: A dwarf planet has not "cleared the neighborhood" around its orbit, which means it has not become gravitationally dominant and it shares its orbital space with other bodies of a similar size. Pluto is smaller than seven of the moons in our solar system and cannot be seen without a telescope. Science Vocabulary asteroid -- a large rock in outer space that orbits the sun (Many asteroids are found in an asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter.) astronomer -- a scientist who studies and observes space atmosphere -- the gases that surround a planet comet -- a frozen chunk of ice, dust, and gases that orbits the sun (When near the sun, a tail of gas and dust particles form pointing away from the sun.) dwarf planet -- a celestial body that orbits the sun and is massive enough to assume a nearly spherical (round) shape, but does not clear other bodies from the neighborhood around its orbit and is not a satellite of a planet gas giant -- a large planet made of gases (Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune) gravitational pull -- The attraction that one object has for another object due to the invisible force of gravity. The gravitational pull of the sun causes the Earth to revolve (orbit) around it. The gravitational pull of the Earth causes the moon to revolve (orbit) around it. inner planets -- the planets closest to the sun (Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars) moon -- a natural satellite of a planet because it orbits the planet (Planets with moons: Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune.) orbit -- path an object takes when revolving around another object outer planets -- the planets farthest from the sun (Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune)

4 satellite -- a natural or manmade object that revolves (orbits) another object of larger size solar system -- a star and all the satellites that orbit it sun -- the central star in our solar system star -- a large ball of glowing gas that gives off thermal (heat) and radiant (light) energy terrestrial planets -- planets made of rocks (Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars) Planets (ordered from Planet Facts the sun) Inner Planets (Terrestrial Planets) Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus The smallest planet in our solar system, Mercury is less than half the size of Earth. It is the closest to the sun and is a small, heavily cratered terrestrial planet. It only takes Mercury 88 days to revolve around the sun. During the day, Mercury is hotter than the hottest desert on Earth (daytime high of 427 Celsius). At night it is colder than Antarctica (night low of 184 Celsius). Mercury is a terrestrial planet because it is made of rock. The second planet from the sun, Venus is a terrestrial planet. It has a permanent blanket of clouds that traps so much heat that the temperatures on its surface can melt lead. It is sometimes called the Earth s twin because it is about the same size as Earth. Venus rotates so slowly that a day on Venus is longer than a year on Venus. The third planet from the sun is also the largest of the inner planets. Earth s atmosphere, the liquid water, and its distance from the sun makes Earth a haven for life. The Earth has one moon. Earth is a terrestrial planet. Mars is the fourth planet from the sun and is a terrestrial planet. Its atmosphere is thin. There is a vast network of canyons and riverbeds. It is known as the red planet. Scientists hypothesize that Mars once supported a wet, warm Earth-like climate. Mars has two moons. Outer Planets (Gas Giants) Jupiter is the fifth planet from the sun. It is the largest planet in the solar system and is considered a gas giant. Jupiter has no solid surface. Jupiter is so large that all the other planets together could fit inside it easily. Winds move clouds around its atmosphere at high speeds. Scientists think that the Great Red Spot on Jupiter is a storm. Jupiter has 63 moons and a system of at least three thin rings. Saturn is the sixth planet from the sun and the second largest planet in the solar system. Saturn is a gas giant. At one time, scientists thought that Saturn was the only planet with rings. They now know that all four gas giants (Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune) have rings. Saturn has 61 moons. The seventh planet from the sun, Uranus is a gas giant. Uranus has a system of at least 13 rings and at least 27 moons. Neptune The eighth planet from the sun, Neptune appears blue through a telescope and is a gas giant. Neptune has dark spots on it that scientists think are storms. Neptune has a system of at least 5 rings and has at least 13 moons.

5 What about Pluto? Pluto is no longer included in the list of planets in our solar system due to its small size and irregular orbit. August 24, 2006, Pluto s status was officially changed from planet to dwarf planet by the International Astronomical Union (IAU). Pluto is smaller than seven moons in our solar system and cannot be seen without a telescope. If Pluto is a dwarf planet are there others? Other dwarf planets include Ceres and UB313, given the name Eris. What is the difference between dwarf planets and planets? A dwarf planet has not cleared the neighborhood around its orbit, which means it has not become gravitationally dominant, and it shares its orbital space with other bodies of similar size. Planets Smallest to Largest Mercury Mars Venus Earth Neptune Uranus Saturn Jupiter Planets Largest to Smallest Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Earth Venus Mars Mercury

6 Big Idea Questions Why do we call our system a solar system? Name the eight planets of the solar system in order. Tell whether each planet is a terrestrial planet or a gas giant. Think about the distance of each planet from the sun. How would you describe the position number of Mercury compared to Earth? or Jupiter? or Neptune? etc.? Think about the size of each of our planets. Name eight objects you could use to compare their sizes, and put them in order, labeling them from largest to smallest. Order and label them smallest to largest.

Planets and Dwarf Planets by Shauna Hutton

Planets and Dwarf Planets by Shauna Hutton Name: Wow! Technology has improved so well in the last several years that we keep finding more and more objects in our solar system! Because of this, scientists have had to come up with new categories

More information

A SOLAR SYSTEM COLORING BOOK

A SOLAR SYSTEM COLORING BOOK A SOLAR SYSTEM COLORING BOOK Brought to you by: THE SUN Size: The Sun is wider than 100 Earths. 1 Temperature: 27,000,000 F in the center, 10,000 F at the surface. So that s REALLY hot anywhere on the

More information

A Solar System Coloring Book

A Solar System Coloring Book A Solar System Coloring Book Courtesy of the Windows to the Universe Project http://www.windows2universe.org The Sun Size: The Sun is wider than 100 Earths. Temperature: ~27,000,000 F in the center, ~10,000

More information

The Solar System. Source http://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/starchild/solar_system_level1/solar_system.html

The Solar System. Source http://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/starchild/solar_system_level1/solar_system.html The Solar System What is the solar system? It is our Sun and everything that travels around it. Our solar system is elliptical in shape. That means it is shaped like an egg. Earth s orbit is nearly circular.

More information

THE SOLAR SYSTEM - EXERCISES 1

THE SOLAR SYSTEM - EXERCISES 1 THE SOLAR SYSTEM - EXERCISES 1 THE SUN AND THE SOLAR SYSTEM Name the planets in their order from the sun. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 The asteroid belt is between and Which planet has the most moons? About how many?

More information

Asteroids. Earth. Asteroids. Earth Distance from sun: 149,600,000 kilometers (92,960,000 miles) Diameter: 12,756 kilometers (7,926 miles) dotted line

Asteroids. Earth. Asteroids. Earth Distance from sun: 149,600,000 kilometers (92,960,000 miles) Diameter: 12,756 kilometers (7,926 miles) dotted line Image taken by NASA Asteroids About 6,000 asteroids have been discovered; several hundred more are found each year. There are likely hundreds of thousands more that are too small to be seen from Earth.

More information

UNIT V. Earth and Space. Earth and the Solar System

UNIT V. Earth and Space. Earth and the Solar System UNIT V Earth and Space Chapter 9 Earth and the Solar System EARTH AND OTHER PLANETS A solar system contains planets, moons, and other objects that orbit around a star or the star system. The solar system

More information

Study Guide due Friday, 1/29

Study Guide due Friday, 1/29 NAME: Astronomy Study Guide asteroid chromosphere comet corona ellipse Galilean moons VOCABULARY WORDS TO KNOW geocentric system meteor gravity meteorite greenhouse effect meteoroid heliocentric system

More information

Earth Is Not the Center of the Universe

Earth Is Not the Center of the Universe Earth Is Not the Center of the Universe Source: Utah State Office of Education Introduction Have you ever looked up at the night sky and wondered about all the pinpoint lights? People through the ages

More information

Lecture 12: The Solar System Briefly

Lecture 12: The Solar System Briefly Lecture 12: The Solar System Briefly Formation of the Moonhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WpOKztEiMqo&feature =related Formation of our Solar System Conservation of Angular Momentum Why are the larger,

More information

Science Standard 4 Earth in Space Grade Level Expectations

Science Standard 4 Earth in Space Grade Level Expectations Science Standard 4 Earth in Space Grade Level Expectations Science Standard 4 Earth in Space Our Solar System is a collection of gravitationally interacting bodies that include Earth and the Moon. Universal

More information

The Inner Solar System by Leslie Cargile

The Inner Solar System by Leslie Cargile The Inner Solar System The inner solar system is the name of the terrestrial planets and asteroid belt. Terrestrial is just a fancy way of saying rocky. Like the Earth, terrestrial planets have a core

More information

Solar System Fact Sheet

Solar System Fact Sheet Solar System Fact Sheet (Source: http://solarsystem.nasa.gov; http://solarviews.com) The Solar System Categories Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Rocky or Gas Rocky Rocky Rocky Rocky

More information

KINDERGARTEN 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

KINDERGARTEN 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES KINDERGARTEN 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES UNIVERSE CYCLE OVERVIEW OF KINDERGARTEN UNIVERSE WEEK 1. PRE: Discovering misconceptions of the Universe. LAB: Comparing size and distances in space. POST:

More information

STUDY GUIDE: Earth Sun Moon

STUDY GUIDE: Earth Sun Moon The Universe is thought to consist of trillions of galaxies. Our galaxy, the Milky Way, has billions of stars. One of those stars is our Sun. Our solar system consists of the Sun at the center, and all

More information

Name Date THE OUTER PLANETS

Name Date THE OUTER PLANETS THE OUTER PLANETS The outer planets are the planets that are the farthest from the sun. There are four outer planets. Their names are Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and

More information

1. Soaring Through Our Solar System By Laura G. Smith

1. Soaring Through Our Solar System By Laura G. Smith 1. Soaring Through Our Solar System By Laura G. Smith 1 Five, four, three, two, one... BLAST OFF! Come along as we explore our solar system! If we were flying high above the Earth, what would you see?

More information

astronomy 2008 1. A planet was viewed from Earth for several hours. The diagrams below represent the appearance of the planet at four different times.

astronomy 2008 1. A planet was viewed from Earth for several hours. The diagrams below represent the appearance of the planet at four different times. 1. A planet was viewed from Earth for several hours. The diagrams below represent the appearance of the planet at four different times. 5. If the distance between the Earth and the Sun were increased,

More information

Solar System. Trading Cards. Solar System Trading Cards, Jr. Edition. Learn more about the solar system on these Web sites:

Solar System. Trading Cards. Solar System Trading Cards, Jr. Edition. Learn more about the solar system on these Web sites: Solar System Trading Cards, Jr. Edition To use these cards: Print out onto card stock or heavy paper. Cut out and fold in half along dotted line; glue or tape each card together. FOLD National Aeronautics

More information

Explain the Big Bang Theory and give two pieces of evidence which support it.

Explain the Big Bang Theory and give two pieces of evidence which support it. Name: Key OBJECTIVES Correctly define: asteroid, celestial object, comet, constellation, Doppler effect, eccentricity, eclipse, ellipse, focus, Foucault Pendulum, galaxy, geocentric model, heliocentric

More information

Study Guide: Solar System

Study Guide: Solar System Study Guide: Solar System 1. How many planets are there in the solar system? 2. What is the correct order of all the planets in the solar system? 3. Where can a comet be located in the solar system? 4.

More information

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM reflect Our solar system is made up of thousands of objects, at the center of which is a star, the Sun. The objects beyond the Sun include 8 planets, at least 5 dwarf planets, and more than 170 moons.

More information

NOTES: GEORGIA HIGH SCHOOL SCIENCE TEST THE SOLAR SYSTEM

NOTES: GEORGIA HIGH SCHOOL SCIENCE TEST THE SOLAR SYSTEM NOTES: GEORGIA HIGH SCHOOL SCIENCE TEST THE SOLAR SYSTEM 1.What is a Solar system? A solar system consists of: * one central star, the Sun and * nine planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn,

More information

Discover the planets of our solar system. In 90 minutes through the universe. On a hiking path between Ehrenfriedensdorf and Drebach

Discover the planets of our solar system. In 90 minutes through the universe. On a hiking path between Ehrenfriedensdorf and Drebach Discover the planets of our solar system In 90 minutes through the universe On a hiking path between Ehrenfriedensdorf and Drebach Solar System - Sonnensystem The Solar System consists of the Sun and the

More information

Out of This World Classroom Activity

Out of This World Classroom Activity Out of This World Classroom Activity The Classroom Activity introduces students to the context of a performance task, so they are not disadvantaged in demonstrating the skills the task intends to assess.

More information

Our Planetary System. Earth, as viewed by the Voyager spacecraft. 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.

Our Planetary System. Earth, as viewed by the Voyager spacecraft. 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. Our Planetary System Earth, as viewed by the Voyager spacecraft 7.1 Studying the Solar System Our goals for learning: What does the solar system look like? What can we learn by comparing the planets to

More information

The Earth, Sun, and Moon

The Earth, Sun, and Moon reflect The Sun and Moon are Earth s constant companions. We bask in the Sun s heat and light. It provides Earth s energy, and life could not exist without it. We rely on the Moon to light dark nights.

More information

Solar System Overview

Solar System Overview Solar System Overview Planets: Four inner planets, Terrestrial planets Four outer planets, Jovian planets Asteroids: Minor planets (planetesimals) Meteroids: Chucks of rocks (smaller than asteroids) (Mercury,

More information

LER 2891. Ages. Grades. Solar System. A fun game of thinking & linking!

LER 2891. Ages. Grades. Solar System. A fun game of thinking & linking! Solar System Ages 7+ LER 2891 Grades 2+ Card Game A fun game of thinking & linking! Contents 45 Picture cards 45 Word cards 8 New Link cards 2 Super Link cards Setup Shuffle the two decks together to mix

More information

The Solar System. A Collaborative Science Activity for Key Stage 2. Teacher s Notes. Procedure

The Solar System. A Collaborative Science Activity for Key Stage 2. Teacher s Notes. Procedure The Solar System A Collaborative Science Activity for Key Stage 2 Teacher s Notes This material links reading and oral skills. The text is divided into three parts so that pupils have the task of collecting

More information

4 HOW OUR SOLAR SYSTEM FORMED 750L

4 HOW OUR SOLAR SYSTEM FORMED 750L 4 HOW OUR SOLAR SYSTEM FORMED 750L HOW OUR SOLAR SYSTEM FORMED A CLOSE LOOK AT THE PLANETS ORBITING OUR SUN By Cynthia Stokes Brown, adapted by Newsela Planets come from the clouds of gas and dust that

More information

Science Lesson Plan: Our Solar System: I Wonder? (I 1- D- R)

Science Lesson Plan: Our Solar System: I Wonder? (I 1- D- R) 1 P age Science Lesson Plan: Our Solar System: I Wonder? (I 1- D- R) Learning Outcomes (corresponding to science standards for grades K-2) 1. Generate curiosity to study and explore our surroundings. 2.

More information

Probing for Information

Probing for Information Name Class Date Inquiry Lab Probing for Information Using Scientific Methods Information about planets in our solar system has been collected by observation from Earth and from probes, or scientific instruments,

More information

The Solar System. Olivia Paquette

The Solar System. Olivia Paquette The Solar System Olivia Paquette Table of Contents The Sun 1 Mercury 2,3 Venus 4,5 Earth 6,7 Mars 8,9 Jupiter 10,11 Saturn 12 Uranus 13 Neptune Pluto 14 15 Glossary. 16 The Sun Although it may seem like

More information

1 A Solar System Is Born

1 A Solar System Is Born CHAPTER 3 1 A Solar System Is Born SECTION Formation of the Solar System BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is a nebula? How did our solar system

More information

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Science Grade 6. Unit Organizer: UNIVERSE AND SOLAR SYSTEM (Approximate Time 3 Weeks)

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Science Grade 6. Unit Organizer: UNIVERSE AND SOLAR SYSTEM (Approximate Time 3 Weeks) The following instructional plan is part of a GaDOE collection of Unit Frameworks, Performance Tasks, examples of Student Work, and Teacher Commentary. Many more GaDOE approved instructional plans are

More information

Astronomy Notes for Educators

Astronomy Notes for Educators Our Solar System Astronomy Notes for Educators Our Solar System 5-1 5-2 Specific Outcomes: Learning Outcome 1: Knowledge / Content and it place in the Milky Way Different types of bodies make up the Solar

More information

Unit 1.8: Earth and Space Science Planets & Stars

Unit 1.8: Earth and Space Science Planets & Stars Weekly Focus: Reading for Comprehension Weekly Skill: Compare and Contrast Lesson Summary: This week students will continue to learn about the makeup of the Cosmos, specifically the solar system. Students

More information

Grade 6 Standard 3 Unit Test A Astronomy. 1. The four inner planets are rocky and small. Which description best fits the next four outer planets?

Grade 6 Standard 3 Unit Test A Astronomy. 1. The four inner planets are rocky and small. Which description best fits the next four outer planets? Grade 6 Standard 3 Unit Test A Astronomy Multiple Choice 1. The four inner planets are rocky and small. Which description best fits the next four outer planets? A. They are also rocky and small. B. They

More information

2007 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley. The Jovian Planets

2007 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley. The Jovian Planets The Jovian Planets The Jovian planets are gas giants - much larger than Earth Sizes of Jovian Planets Planets get larger as they get more massive up to a point... Planets more massive than Jupiter are

More information

Copyright 2006, Astronomical Society of the Pacific

Copyright 2006, Astronomical Society of the Pacific 2 1 3 4 Diameter: 590 miles (950 km) Distance to Sun: 257 million miles (414 million km) Orbits: # 18 Composition: Outer layer probably ice and frozen ammonia, no Diameter: 750 miles (1200 km) Distance

More information

Chapter 12 Asteroids, Comets, and Dwarf Planets. Asteroid Facts. What are asteroids like? Asteroids with Moons. 12.1 Asteroids and Meteorites

Chapter 12 Asteroids, Comets, and Dwarf Planets. Asteroid Facts. What are asteroids like? Asteroids with Moons. 12.1 Asteroids and Meteorites Chapter 12 Asteroids, Comets, and Dwarf Planets Their Nature, Orbits, and Impacts What are asteroids like? 12.1 Asteroids and Meteorites Our goals for learning:! What are asteroids like?! Why is there

More information

Class 2 Solar System Characteristics Formation Exosolar Planets

Class 2 Solar System Characteristics Formation Exosolar Planets Class 1 Introduction, Background History of Modern Astronomy The Night Sky, Eclipses and the Seasons Kepler's Laws Newtonian Gravity General Relativity Matter and Light Telescopes Class 2 Solar System

More information

Introduction to the Solar System

Introduction to the Solar System Introduction to the Solar System Lesson Objectives Describe some early ideas about our solar system. Name the planets, and describe their motion around the Sun. Explain how the solar system formed. Introduction

More information

Chapter 7 Our Planetary System. What does the solar system look like? Thought Question How does the Earth-Sun distance compare with the Sun s radius

Chapter 7 Our Planetary System. What does the solar system look like? Thought Question How does the Earth-Sun distance compare with the Sun s radius Chapter 7 Our Planetary System 7.1 Studying the Solar System Our goals for learning:! What does the solar system look like?! What can we learn by comparing the planets to one another?! What are the major

More information

The Main Point. Lecture #34: Solar System Origin II. Chemical Condensation ( Lewis ) Model. How did the solar system form? Reading: Chapter 8.

The Main Point. Lecture #34: Solar System Origin II. Chemical Condensation ( Lewis ) Model. How did the solar system form? Reading: Chapter 8. Lecture #34: Solar System Origin II How did the solar system form? Chemical Condensation ("Lewis") Model. Formation of the Terrestrial Planets. Formation of the Giant Planets. Planetary Evolution. Reading:

More information

Please be sure to save a copy of this activity to your computer!

Please be sure to save a copy of this activity to your computer! Thank you for your purchase Please be sure to save a copy of this activity to your computer! This activity is copyrighted by AIMS Education Foundation. All rights reserved. No part of this work may be

More information

TO GO TO ANY OF THE PAGES LISTED BELOW, CLICK ON ITS TITLE

TO GO TO ANY OF THE PAGES LISTED BELOW, CLICK ON ITS TITLE TO GO TO ANY OF THE PAGES LISTED BELOW, CLICK ON ITS TITLE CHAPTER 17 The Solar System 1 17-1 What is the solar system? 2 17-2 What do we know about orbits? 3 Comparing Planetary Revolutions Enrichment

More information

The orbit of Halley s Comet

The orbit of Halley s Comet The orbit of Halley s Comet Given this information Orbital period = 76 yrs Aphelion distance = 35.3 AU Observed comet in 1682 and predicted return 1758 Questions: How close does HC approach the Sun? What

More information

DESCRIPTION ACADEMIC STANDARDS INSTRUCTIONAL GOALS VOCABULARY BEFORE SHOWING. Subject Area: Science

DESCRIPTION ACADEMIC STANDARDS INSTRUCTIONAL GOALS VOCABULARY BEFORE SHOWING. Subject Area: Science DESCRIPTION Host Tom Selleck conducts a stellar tour of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto--the outer planets of Earth's solar system. Information from the Voyager space probes plus computer models

More information

Solar System Fundamentals. What is a Planet? Planetary orbits Planetary temperatures Planetary Atmospheres Origin of the Solar System

Solar System Fundamentals. What is a Planet? Planetary orbits Planetary temperatures Planetary Atmospheres Origin of the Solar System Solar System Fundamentals What is a Planet? Planetary orbits Planetary temperatures Planetary Atmospheres Origin of the Solar System Properties of Planets What is a planet? Defined finally in August 2006!

More information

Earth in the Solar System

Earth in the Solar System Copyright 2011 Study Island - All rights reserved. Directions: Challenge yourself! Print out the quiz or get a pen/pencil and paper and record your answers to the questions below. Check your answers with

More information

What's Gravity Got To Do With It?

What's Gravity Got To Do With It? Monday, December 16 What's Gravity Got To Do With It? By Erin Horner When you woke up this morning did you fly up to the ceiling? Of course not! When you woke up this morning you put both feet on the floor

More information

7. Our Solar System. Planetary Orbits to Scale. The Eight Planetary Orbits

7. Our Solar System. Planetary Orbits to Scale. The Eight Planetary Orbits 7. Our Solar System Terrestrial & Jovian planets Seven large satellites [moons] Chemical composition of the planets Asteroids & comets The Terrestrial & Jovian Planets Four small terrestrial planets Like

More information

A: Planets. Q: Which of the following objects would NOT be described as a small body: asteroids, meteoroids, comets, planets?

A: Planets. Q: Which of the following objects would NOT be described as a small body: asteroids, meteoroids, comets, planets? Q: Which of the following objects would NOT be described as a small body: asteroids, meteoroids, comets, planets? A: Planets Q: What can we learn by studying small bodies of the solar system? A: We can

More information

THE SOLAR SYSTEM. Worksheets UNIT 1. Raül Martínez Verdún

THE SOLAR SYSTEM. Worksheets UNIT 1. Raül Martínez Verdún Worksheets UNIT 1 October-December 2009 NAME: DATE: Worksheet 1A Cut out these 9 circles and then order them from the smallest to the biggest. NAME: DATE: Worksheet 1B NAME: DATE: Worksheet 2 Read the

More information

Chapter 7 Our Planetary System. Agenda. Intro Astronomy. Intro Astronomy. What does the solar system look like? A. General Basics

Chapter 7 Our Planetary System. Agenda. Intro Astronomy. Intro Astronomy. What does the solar system look like? A. General Basics Chapter 7 Our Planetary System Agenda Pass back & discuss Test 2 Where we are (at) Ch. 7 Our Planetary System Finish Einstein s Big Idea Earth, as viewed by the Voyager spacecraft A. General Basics Intro

More information

Journey to other celestial objects. learning outcomes

Journey to other celestial objects. learning outcomes The eight planets Journey to other celestial objects C 44 time 80 minutes. learning outcomes To: know which planets have moons know which planets have rings know the colours of the different planets know

More information

ANSWER KEY. Chapter 22. 8. phase 9. spring 10. lunar 11. solar 12. gravity

ANSWER KEY. Chapter 22. 8. phase 9. spring 10. lunar 11. solar 12. gravity Chapter 22 Section 22-1 Review and Reinforce (p. 11) 1. winter 2. At point A the sun would be directly overhead, at point B it would be on the horizon, and at point C it would not be visible because it

More information

Jr. Edition. Solar System. Trading Cards. Solar System Trading Cards, Jr. Edition. Learn more about the solar system on these websites:

Jr. Edition. Solar System. Trading Cards. Solar System Trading Cards, Jr. Edition. Learn more about the solar system on these websites: Solar System Trading Cards, Jr. Edition To use these cards: Print out onto card stock or heavy paper. Cut out and fold in half along dotted line; glue or tape each card together. FOLD National Aeronautics

More information

UC Irvine FOCUS! 5 E Lesson Plan

UC Irvine FOCUS! 5 E Lesson Plan UC Irvine FOCUS! 5 E Lesson Plan Title: Astronomical Units and The Solar System Grade Level and Course: 8th grade Physical Science Materials: Visual introduction for solar system (slides, video, posters,

More information

Scaling the Solar System

Scaling the Solar System Scaling the Solar System Materials 3lbs of play-dough (minimum quantity required for this activity) Student Sheet (Planet Boxes) Pens Rulers Plastic Knife Optional: Scale 1) Compare: Earth - Moon 1. Have

More information

Earth, Moon, and Sun Study Guide. (Test Date: )

Earth, Moon, and Sun Study Guide. (Test Date: ) Earth, Moon, and Sun Study Guide Name: (Test Date: ) Essential Question #1: How are the Earth, Moon, and Sun alike and how are they different? 1. List the Earth, Moon, and Sun, in order from LARGEST to

More information

The Solar System. Unit 4 covers the following framework standards: ES 10 and PS 11. Content was adapted the following:

The Solar System. Unit 4 covers the following framework standards: ES 10 and PS 11. Content was adapted the following: Unit 4 The Solar System Chapter 7 ~ The History of the Solar System o Section 1 ~ The Formation of the Solar System o Section 2 ~ Observing the Solar System Chapter 8 ~ The Parts the Solar System o Section

More information

Solar System Facts & Fun

Solar System Facts & Fun Solar System Facts & Fun Space is such a fascinating place. God put the Earth in just the right place so everything was just right for life as we know it. Have you ever wondered about the other planets

More information

Name: João Fernando Alves da Silva Class: 7-4 Number: 10

Name: João Fernando Alves da Silva Class: 7-4 Number: 10 Name: João Fernando Alves da Silva Class: 7-4 Number: 10 What is the constitution of the Solar System? The Solar System is constituted not only by planets, which have satellites, but also by thousands

More information

Bay Area Scientists in Schoos Presentation Plan

Bay Area Scientists in Schoos Presentation Plan Bay Area Scientists in Schoos Presentation Plan Lesson Name 3 rd Grape from the Sun Presenter(s) Nicholas McConnell Grade Level 5 Standards Connection(s) The Solar System contains Earth, 7 other planets,

More information

Assignment 5. Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Assignment 5. Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Assignment 5 Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. What is the single most important reason that astronomers have learned more

More information

Chapter 6 Formation of Planetary Systems Our Solar System and Beyond

Chapter 6 Formation of Planetary Systems Our Solar System and Beyond Chapter 6 Formation of Planetary Systems Our Solar System and Beyond The solar system exhibits clear patterns of composition and motion. Sun Over 99.9% of solar system s mass Made mostly of H/He gas (plasma)

More information

Background Information Students will learn about the Solar System while practicing communication skills.

Background Information Students will learn about the Solar System while practicing communication skills. Teacher Information Background Information Students will learn about the Solar System while practicing communication skills. Materials clipboard for each student pencils copies of map and Available Destinations

More information

Name: Date: Goals: to discuss the composition, components, and types of comets; to build a comet and test its strength and reaction to light

Name: Date: Goals: to discuss the composition, components, and types of comets; to build a comet and test its strength and reaction to light Name: Date: 17 Building a Comet 17.1 Introduction Comets represent some of the earliest material left over from the formation of the solar system, and are therefore of great interest to planetary astronomers.

More information

Solar System. 1. The diagram below represents a simple geocentric model. Which object is represented by the letter X?

Solar System. 1. The diagram below represents a simple geocentric model. Which object is represented by the letter X? Solar System 1. The diagram below represents a simple geocentric model. Which object is represented by the letter X? A) Earth B) Sun C) Moon D) Polaris 2. Which object orbits Earth in both the Earth-centered

More information

Appropriate space vocabulary for Primary School

Appropriate space vocabulary for Primary School Appropriate space vocabulary for Primary School Stuff Looks like Gas Dust Rock Liquid Fatter (moon) Thinner (moon) Faster Slower Hot Cold Material Shape Straight at (an object) Direct (light) Indirect

More information

4 HOW OUR SOLAR SYSTEM FORMED 890L

4 HOW OUR SOLAR SYSTEM FORMED 890L 4 HOW OUR SOLAR SYSTEM FORMED 890L HOW OUR SOLAR SYSTEM FORMED A CLOSE LOOK AT THE PLANETS ORBITING OUR SUN By Cynthia Stokes Brown, adapted by Newsela Planets are born from the clouds of gas and dust

More information

4 HOW OUR SOLAR SYSTEM FORMED 1020L

4 HOW OUR SOLAR SYSTEM FORMED 1020L 4 HOW OUR SOLAR SYSTEM FORMED 1020L HOW OUR SOLAR SYSTEM FORMED A CLOSE LOOK AT THE PLANETS ORBITING OUR SUN By Cynthia Stokes Brown, adapted by Newsela Planets are born from the clouds of gas and dust

More information

XXX Background information

XXX Background information XXX Background information The solar system Our solar system is made up of the Sun, the planets, the dwarf planets, moons, asteroids and comets. The Sun is the star around which everything orbits. There

More information

Science 9 Worksheet 13-1 The Solar System

Science 9 Worksheet 13-1 The Solar System Name Date Due Date Science 9 Read pages 264-287 of SP to help you answer the following questions: Also, go to a school computer connected to the internet. Go to Mr. Colgur s Webpage at http://sd67.bc.ca/teachers/dcolgur

More information

Is Pluto a planet? Historical overview. Personal anecdotes. Launch of the Hubble Space Telescope April 24, 1990

Is Pluto a planet? Historical overview. Personal anecdotes. Launch of the Hubble Space Telescope April 24, 1990 Is Pluto a planet? Max Mutchler Space Telescope Science Institute Johns Hopkins University Odyssey Lecture Series Hubble s Expanding Universe March 13, 2008 Historical overview Discovery of Pluto and it

More information

Cosmic Journey: A Solar System Adventure General Information

Cosmic Journey: A Solar System Adventure General Information Cosmic Journey: A Solar System Adventure General Information Imagine it a huge spiral galaxy containing hundreds of billions of stars, spiraling out from a galactic center. Nestled deep within one of the

More information

HONEY, I SHRUNK THE SOLAR SYSTEM

HONEY, I SHRUNK THE SOLAR SYSTEM OVERVIEW HONEY, I SHRUNK THE SOLAR SYSTEM MODIFIED VERSION OF A SOLAR SYSTEM SCALE MODEL ACTIVITY FROM UNDERSTANDING SCIENCE LESSONS Students will construct a scale model of the solar system using a fitness

More information

143,000 km Key to Sorting the Solar System Cards Object Description Size (km) Picture Credits Barringer Crater Ceres Earth Earth's moon Eris Eros Gaspra Hale-Bopp Hoba Iapetus Ida and Dactyl Itokawa

More information

galaxy solar system supernova (noun) (noun) (noun)

galaxy solar system supernova (noun) (noun) (noun) WORDS IN CONTEXT DAY 1 (Page 1 of 4) galaxy A galaxy is a collection of stars, gas, and dust. We live in the Milky Way galaxy. One galaxy may contain billions of stars. solar system A solar system revolves

More information

The University of Texas at Austin. Gravity and Orbits

The University of Texas at Austin. Gravity and Orbits UTeach Outreach The University of Texas at Austin Gravity and Orbits Time of Lesson: 60-75 minutes Content Standards Addressed in Lesson: TEKS6.11B understand that gravity is the force that governs the

More information

Lecture 13. Gravity in the Solar System

Lecture 13. Gravity in the Solar System Lecture 13 Gravity in the Solar System Guiding Questions 1. How was the heliocentric model established? What are monumental steps in the history of the heliocentric model? 2. How do Kepler s three laws

More information

Lecture 10 Formation of the Solar System January 6c, 2014

Lecture 10 Formation of the Solar System January 6c, 2014 1 Lecture 10 Formation of the Solar System January 6c, 2014 2 Orbits of the Planets 3 Clues for the Formation of the SS All planets orbit in roughly the same plane about the Sun. All planets orbit in the

More information

Our Solar System Scavenger Hunt Activity

Our Solar System Scavenger Hunt Activity Name: Our Activity Materials: Question worksheet (pages 2-3) 16 Cards (pages 4-8) Tape and Scissors Preparation: Print the fact cards on card stock or brightly-colored paper and cut them out. Make copies

More information

Look at Our Galaxy. by Eve Beck. Space and Technology. Scott Foresman Reading Street 2.1.2

Look at Our Galaxy. by Eve Beck. Space and Technology. Scott Foresman Reading Street 2.1.2 Suggested levels for Guided Reading, DRA, Lexile, and Reading Recovery are provided in the Pearson Scott Foresman Leveling Guide. Space and Technology Look at Our Galaxy Genre Expository nonfiction Comprehension

More information

Group Leader: Group Members:

Group Leader: Group Members: THE SOLAR SYSTEM PROJECT: TOPIC: THE SUN Required Project Content for an Oral/Poster Presentation on THE SUN - What it s made of - Age and how it formed (provide pictures or diagrams) - What is an AU?

More information

Summary: Four Major Features of our Solar System

Summary: Four Major Features of our Solar System Summary: Four Major Features of our Solar System How did the solar system form? According to the nebular theory, our solar system formed from the gravitational collapse of a giant cloud of interstellar

More information

Planets beyond the solar system

Planets beyond the solar system Planets beyond the solar system Review of our solar system Why search How to search Eclipses Motion of parent star Doppler Effect Extrasolar planet discoveries A star is 5 parsecs away, what is its parallax?

More information

The Sun and the Stars

The Sun and the Stars www.k5learning.com Objective Concepts (gravity, climate, solar system, hydrogen, helium, elements, core, ultraviolet rays, cluster, galaxy, Milky Way Galaxy); Sight words (surface, middle, dangerous, causes,

More information

The Expanding Universe

The Expanding Universe Stars, Galaxies, Guided Reading and Study This section explains how astronomers think the universe and the solar system formed. Use Target Reading Skills As you read about the evidence that supports the

More information

3 rd Grape from the Sun Activity Timeline and Notes Nicholas McConnell, UC Berkeley, 2011-2012. Intro and Group Assignments (10 minutes)

3 rd Grape from the Sun Activity Timeline and Notes Nicholas McConnell, UC Berkeley, 2011-2012. Intro and Group Assignments (10 minutes) 3 rd Grape from the Sun Activity Timeline and Notes Nicholas McConnell, UC Berkeley, 2011-2012 Intro and Group Assignments (10 minutes) Hi! My name is Nicholas, and I study Astronomy at UC Berkeley. I

More information

Unit 8 Lesson 2 Gravity and the Solar System

Unit 8 Lesson 2 Gravity and the Solar System Unit 8 Lesson 2 Gravity and the Solar System Gravity What is gravity? Gravity is a force of attraction between objects that is due to their masses and the distances between them. Every object in the universe

More information

The sun and planets. On this picture, the sizes of the sun and 8 planets are to scale. Their positions relative to each other are not to scale.

The sun and planets. On this picture, the sizes of the sun and 8 planets are to scale. Their positions relative to each other are not to scale. The solar system The solar system consists of our sun and its eight planets. The word solar means to do with the sun. The solar system formed 4½ billion years ago, when the universe was about two-thirds

More information

Our Solar System. Our Solar System LEVELED BOOK S. www.readinga-z.com. Visit www.readinga-z.com for thousands of books and materials.

Our Solar System. Our Solar System LEVELED BOOK S. www.readinga-z.com. Visit www.readinga-z.com for thousands of books and materials. Our Solar System A Reading A Z Level S Leveled Book Word Count: 1,766 LEVELED BOOK S Our Solar System Written by Bruce D. Cooper Visit www.readinga-z.com for thousands of books and materials. www.readinga-z.com

More information

Outdoor Exploration Guide. A Journey Through Our Solar System. A Journey Through Our Solar System

Outdoor Exploration Guide. A Journey Through Our Solar System. A Journey Through Our Solar System Outdoor Exploration Guide A Journey Through Our Solar System A Journey Through Our Solar System The Solar System Imagine that you are an explorer investigating the solar system. It s a big job, but in

More information

Mission To Mars! A dialogue activity for upper KS2

Mission To Mars! A dialogue activity for upper KS2 Mission To Mars! A dialogue activity for upper KS2 Teacher s Sheet Mission to Mars: Dialogue activity for upper KS2 Part One: As a class or in groups. pupils read the Fact or Fiction cards. On each card

More information

Nevada Department of Education Standards

Nevada Department of Education Standards How Big Is Jupiter? It s hard to imagine the size of Jupiter compared to the size of Pluto. Through this hands-on activity, students will use a scale model to easily visualize such hard to grasp concepts

More information

THE SOLAR SYSTEM Syllabus

THE SOLAR SYSTEM Syllabus THE SOLAR SYSTEM Syllabus Course Title The Solar System: Earth and Space Science Course Description This course provides an overview of what we know about the Solar System: how it began and evolved, its

More information