Solar System Fact Sheet

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Solar System Fact Sheet"

Transcription

1 Solar System Fact Sheet (Source: The Solar System Categories Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Rocky or Gas Rocky Rocky Rocky Rocky Gas Gas Gas Gas from Sun (millions of kilometers) Revolution (Year) Rotation (Day) (kilometers) ,427 2,871 5, days days (backwards) hours 56 min hours 31 min hours 55 min hours 42 min hours 12 min. (backwards) hours 6 min. 4,880 12,100 12,756 6, , ,000 51,800 49,528 Moons Rings Temperature Weight on Planet* -300 o F. to 800 o F. 900 o F o F. to 125 o F o F. to 72 o F o F. (average) -284 o F. (average) -383 o F. (average) -392 o F. (average)

2 Categories Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Atmosphere Various gases Very Thin CO 2 Thicker Nitrogen Oxygen Thicker Carbon Dioxide Thin Hydrogen Helium Very Thick Hydrogen Helium Very Thick Hydrogen Helium Methane Very Thick Hydrogen Helium Methane Very Thick *To calculate your weight on the Sun or planet, multiply your weight by the number in the column. For example, if you weighed 100 pound on Earth, you would weigh 38 pounds on Mercury, 86 pounds on Venus, etc. Moon Revolves Around Other Bodies in the Solar System from Planet Major Moons Your weight on moon* Atmosphere Larger than Mercury Moon Earth 384,000 3, ne Io Jupiter 421,600 3, Very thin; sulfur gas from volcanoes. Europa Jupiter 671,000 3, Very thin; oxygen. Ganymede Jupiter 1,100,000 5, Very thin; oxygen. ** Callisto Jupiter 1,890,000 4, ne

3 Moon Revolves Around from Planet Your weight on moon* Atmosphere Larger than Mercury Enceladus Saturn 238, (est.) Water Vapor Titan Saturn 1,222,000 5, Nitrogen/Methane Miranda Uranus 130, (est.) ne Triton Neptune 355,000 2, (est.) Very thin; nitrogen ice particles. Charon Pluto 19,700 1, (est.) ne * Your weight times the number in the column. **Ganymede is the largest moon in the Solar System. Surface Features of Major Moons Moon Moon Io Europa Ganymede Callisto Surface Features Surface covered with craters. There are also flat areas of lava flow (called Maria Latin for seas). Io is covered with active volcanoes that erupt with molten sulfur. Molten sulfur is also thrown into the atmosphere; most falls to the surface as snow. Surface colors are brown, orange, and yellow. Entire surface is ice. There are ice volcanoes. The surface shows movement similar to that around the rth Pole, indicating the possibilities of a water ocean under the ice. Has an icy surface. May have a liquid water ocean underneath the ice. Very heavily craters. May have ocean underneath the surface that filled older craters. Craters on surface indicate the oldest surface in the Solar System.

4 Moon Enceladus Titan Miranda Triton Charon Surface Features Very bright, icy surface. The surface is split; there are plains. The surface has numerous ridges and rough terrain. There are water jets coming from the surface. There may be a liquid ocean under the surface. Surface cannot be seen because of thick clouds in atmosphere. The Cassini probe and Huygens Lander have shown a frozen surface with methane lakes. There appear to be mountains, rivers, channels, and plains. Surface may be similar to that of the Earth. Its surface is unlike anything in the Solar System. Miranda may be have been broken apart by a collision with a moon long ago. It appears the moon may have come back together in a jumbled fashion. There are canyons, mountains, and rough surfaces. The most prominent feature on the surface is an area that is shaped like a chevron (V-shaped). Triton s surface is covered with ridged areas, canyons, and grooves. Liquid nitrogen geysers also cover the surface. May be covered with water ice and little rock. Dwarf Planets Body (kilometers) from Sun (millions of kilometers) Rotation (Day) Revolution (Year) Moons Rings Temperature Atmosphere Weight on Body*** Eris (Icy) (plutoid*) 2,400 5,700 (closest)** 14,700 (farthest) Unknown 557 Earth o F. ne.07

5 Body Pluto (Icy/Rocky) (plutoid*) Haumea (how-mayuh) (Icy/Rocky) (plutoid*) MakeMake (Mah-Key) (Icy) (plutoid*) Ceres (Rocky) (kilometers) from Sun (millions of kilometers) 2,300 4,400 (closest)** 7,400 (farthest) (Eggshaped) 2,000 x 1,000 1,300 1,900 5,300 (closest)** 7,700 (farthest) 5,700 (closest)** 8,000 (farthest) Rotation (Day) 6.4 Earth 3 hrs 55 min Revolution (Year) 248 Earth 285 Earth? 310 Earth hours 4.6 Earth Moons Rings Temperature Atmosphere Weight on Body*** o F. Nitrogen, CO 2, and Methane (Thin) o F.? o F. Methane o F. (Sun high overhead) *Plutoid a dwarf planet outside the orbit of Neptune. **Closest closest approach to Sun; Farthest farthest distance from Sun. ***Your weight times the number in the column. ne.003

6 Comets Composition (what they are made of!) Location of Comets from Sun Number Main Parts of a Comet -Water ice, dry ice, ammonia ice, dirt, and rocks. -Sometimes called dirty snowballs or icy mudballs. Come from the Kuiper Belt (outside the orbit of Neptune) or the Oort Cloud (Oort Cloud named after Jan Oort who proposed its existence [has not been confirmed]) 10,000,000,000,000 (one light year) Over 1,000,000,000,000 Nucleus The dirty snowball. Coma Dense cloud of vaporized ices and dirt that surrounds Nucleus. Tail Gases and other particles blown off the comet by the Solar Wind (particles from the Sun). Always points away from the Sun. (source: Amateur Observer s Program Comets & Asteroids)

7 A comet s path around the Sun At first, a comet is nothing more than a dirty frozen snowball in space. 2. As it approaches the Sun, the gases start vaporizing and you start to see the coma. 3. As the comet gets close enough to the Sun, a tail forms (made of dirt and gas being pushed away from the comet s nucleus by the solar wind). 4. It passes around the Sun. The tail is longest at this point. (If the comet gets close enough to the Sun, it can break-up into many pieces. It can also get close enough to be pulled into the Sun.) 5. It moves away form the Sun. The tail is smaller and pointing away from the Sun. It is pushed by the solar wind. 6. It gets fainter and the tail smaller. Eventually it can no longer be seen. (source: crystalinks.com) Asteroids Composition Locations from Sun Irregular rocky bodies Most found between orbit of Mars & Jupiter 270,000,000 to 675,000,000 Number Size Range Two Largest Over 150, km to around 100 meters Vesta 526 km Pallas 520 km

8 Meteoroids/Meteors/Meteorites Where They Come From Size Range Definition of a Meteoroid Definition of a Meteor Definition of a Meteorite -Most come from the Asteroid Belt. -Few come from particles left from comets when Earth crosses their path. Grain of sand to less than 100 meters. Grain or rock that is travelling in space. Grain or rock that has entered the atmosphere (sometimes called shooting or falling star.) A meteor that is large enough to survive the trip through the atmosphere and hit the Earth s surface. Do I Need a Telescope? Solar System Body Mercury Venus Mars Asteroids Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Dwarf Planets Visible Without a Telescope

9 Solar System Body Comets Visible Without a Telescope Depends** **Comets are not visible without a telescope when they are far from the Sun. As they approach the Sun, the size of the comet, how much light it reflects, and how close to Earth it gets all affect if it can be seen without a telescope. Some can, but most cannot be seen without a telescope.

Table of Contents. Our Solar System 3 The Planets in the Solar System 4

Table of Contents. Our Solar System 3 The Planets in the Solar System 4 The Solar System 2 Table of Contents Our Solar System 3 The Planets in the Solar System 4 Mercury 5 Venus 6 Earth 7 Mars 8 Jupiter 9 Saturn 10 Uranus 11 Neptune 12 Pluto 13 The Asteroid Belt 14 The Moon

More information

8.3: The Solar System: The Sun and the Planets pg. 313

8.3: The Solar System: The Sun and the Planets pg. 313 8.3: The Solar System: The Sun and the Planets pg. 313 Key Concepts: 1. Careful observation of the night sky can offer clues about the motion of celestial objects. 2. Celestial objects in the Solar System

More information

The Solar System. The Outer Planets

The Solar System. The Outer Planets chapter 12 3 The Solar System section 3 The Outer Planets Before You Read What do you know about the outer planets Jupiter, Uranus, Saturn, Neptune, or Pluto? What would you like to learn? What You ll

More information

Name Class Date. How did Earth s moon probably form? How does the moon s appearance change with time? What moons revolve around other planets?

Name Class Date. How did Earth s moon probably form? How does the moon s appearance change with time? What moons revolve around other planets? CHAPTER 4 A Family of Planets SECTION 4 Moons BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: How did Earth s moon probably form? How does the moon s appearance

More information

ASTRONOMY 161. Introduction to Solar System Astronomy. Class 12

ASTRONOMY 161. Introduction to Solar System Astronomy. Class 12 ASTRONOMY 161 Introduction to Solar System Astronomy Class 12 Solar System Survey Monday, February 5 Key Concepts (1) The terrestrial planets are made primarily of rock and metal. (2) The Jovian planets

More information

Asteroids. Earth. Asteroids. Earth Distance from sun: 149,600,000 kilometers (92,960,000 miles) Diameter: 12,756 kilometers (7,926 miles) dotted line

Asteroids. Earth. Asteroids. Earth Distance from sun: 149,600,000 kilometers (92,960,000 miles) Diameter: 12,756 kilometers (7,926 miles) dotted line Image taken by NASA Asteroids About 6,000 asteroids have been discovered; several hundred more are found each year. There are likely hundreds of thousands more that are too small to be seen from Earth.

More information

LESSON 3 THE SOLAR SYSTEM. Chapter 8, Astronomy

LESSON 3 THE SOLAR SYSTEM. Chapter 8, Astronomy LESSON 3 THE SOLAR SYSTEM Chapter 8, Astronomy OBJECTIVES Identify planets by observing their movement against background stars. Explain that the solar system consists of many bodies held together by gravity.

More information

NOTES: GEORGIA HIGH SCHOOL SCIENCE TEST THE SOLAR SYSTEM

NOTES: GEORGIA HIGH SCHOOL SCIENCE TEST THE SOLAR SYSTEM NOTES: GEORGIA HIGH SCHOOL SCIENCE TEST THE SOLAR SYSTEM 1.What is a Solar system? A solar system consists of: * one central star, the Sun and * nine planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn,

More information

TAKEN FROM HORIZONS 7TH EDITION CHAPTER 18 TUTORIAL QUIZ

TAKEN FROM HORIZONS 7TH EDITION CHAPTER 18 TUTORIAL QUIZ TAKEN FROM HORIZONS 7TH EDITION CHAPTER 18 TUTORIAL QUIZ 1. Which of the following are known to have ring systems? a. Saturn only. b. Jupiter, Uranus, and Saturn. c. Saturn, Jupiter, Uranus, and Neptune.

More information

Planetary Trading Cards

Planetary Trading Cards Planetary Order: 1 st planet from the sun Planet Size: 4,880 Kilometers Rotation Time (Earth Days): 59 Orbit Time (Earth Years):.241 Orbit Time (Earth Days): 88 MERCURY 38 lbs AU s:.4 Kilometers: 60 million

More information

1 The Nine Planets. What are the parts of our solar system? When were the planets discovered? How do astronomers measure large distances?

1 The Nine Planets. What are the parts of our solar system? When were the planets discovered? How do astronomers measure large distances? CHAPTER 4 1 The Nine Planets SECTION A Family of Planets BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What are the parts of our solar system? When were the

More information

Notes Our Planetary System

Notes Our Planetary System Notes Our Planetary System 7.1 Studying the Solar System - Galileo s telescopic observations sparked a new era in which the Sun, Moon and planets could be studied as worlds rather than just mere lights

More information

Solar System GK Notes in PDF

Solar System GK Notes in PDF Solar System GK Notes in PDF Our little corner of the Universe is called the solar system. Questions on the Solar System funnily turn up in both Geography and Science. You can find a few questions on the

More information

7. Our Solar System. Planetary Orbits to Scale. The Eight Planetary Orbits

7. Our Solar System. Planetary Orbits to Scale. The Eight Planetary Orbits 7. Our Solar System Terrestrial & Jovian planets Seven large satellites [moons] Chemical composition of the planets Asteroids & comets The Terrestrial & Jovian Planets Four small terrestrial planets Like

More information

Chapter 6: Our Solar System and Its Origin

Chapter 6: Our Solar System and Its Origin Chapter 6: Our Solar System and Its Origin What does our solar system look like? The planets are tiny compared to the distances between them (a million times smaller than shown here), but they exhibit

More information

Small Bodies in the Solar System. Bigger is not better

Small Bodies in the Solar System. Bigger is not better Small Bodies in the Solar System Bigger is not better The Sun, planets, and moons are not the only objects in the solar system. Scientists estimate there are up to a trillion smaller bodies in our solar

More information

ASTR 380 Possibilities for Life on the Moons of Giant Planets

ASTR 380 Possibilities for Life on the Moons of Giant Planets Let s first consider the large gas planets: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune Planets to scale with Sun in background 67 62 14 The many moons of the outer planets.. Most of the moons are very small 1

More information

Solar System Stroll: Tour Book

Solar System Stroll: Tour Book Solar System Stroll: Tour Book Version 1.2, 04/8/02 A walk through a 1 kilometer scale model of the Solar System The scale model activity Solar System Stroll is also available. 201 South Gammon Road, Madison,

More information

TO GO TO ANY OF THE PAGES LISTED BELOW, CLICK ON ITS TITLE

TO GO TO ANY OF THE PAGES LISTED BELOW, CLICK ON ITS TITLE TO GO TO ANY OF THE PAGES LISTED BELOW, CLICK ON ITS TITLE CHAPTER 17 The Solar System 1 17-1 What is the solar system? 2 17-2 What do we know about orbits? 3 Comparing Planetary Revolutions Enrichment

More information

THE SOLAR SYSTEM - EXERCISES 1

THE SOLAR SYSTEM - EXERCISES 1 THE SOLAR SYSTEM - EXERCISES 1 THE SUN AND THE SOLAR SYSTEM Name the planets in their order from the sun. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 The asteroid belt is between and Which planet has the most moons? About how many?

More information

Science 9 Worksheet 13-1 The Solar System

Science 9 Worksheet 13-1 The Solar System Name Date Due Date Science 9 Read pages 264-287 of SP to help you answer the following questions: Also, go to a school computer connected to the internet. Go to Mr. Colgur s Webpage at http://sd67.bc.ca/teachers/dcolgur

More information

Background Information Students will learn about the Solar System while practicing communication skills.

Background Information Students will learn about the Solar System while practicing communication skills. Teacher Information Background Information Students will learn about the Solar System while practicing communication skills. Materials clipboard for each student pencils copies of map and Available Destinations

More information

The moons of the planets

The moons of the planets 22th of October 2007 The planets of our solar system Our solar system contains eight planets. Beginning with the closest one to the sun they are in order: Mercury Venus Earth Uranus The moons in our solar

More information

Other Citizens of the Solar System

Other Citizens of the Solar System Other Citizens of the Solar System Astronomers study the stars in the sky. They try to find new things. In 1913, Percival Lowell found a new dot of light. It was very far away. It was tiny. It was hard

More information

Jupiter (Earth for Scale) Galilean moons. Europa

Jupiter (Earth for Scale) Galilean moons. Europa OUTER PLANETS MINOR MEMBERS OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM SUN Jupiter (Earth for Scale) Jupiter s bands are clouds Hubble view of Jupiter Arrow shows entry point of Galileo probe, Dec. 1995 Galilean moons Io True

More information

The Parts of the Solar System

The Parts of the Solar System Chapter 8 Section 8.1 The Parts of the Solar System The Sun Terms: Photon Radiation Zone Convection Zone Photosphere Chromosphere Corona Sunspot Prominence Solar Flare Solar Wind Suppose you are aboard

More information

Chapter 14 The Solar System. Greek Word Origins. astron chroma geo helios kentron photo sphaira

Chapter 14 The Solar System. Greek Word Origins. astron chroma geo helios kentron photo sphaira Greek Word Origins Greek Word Meaning Key Terms astron chroma geo helios kentron photo sphaira star color Earth sun near the center; central light sphere astronomy, asteroid chromosphere geocentric, geology

More information

radio telescopes satellites visible light space probes rockets reflecting telescopes space shuttles refracting telescopes

radio telescopes satellites visible light space probes rockets reflecting telescopes space shuttles refracting telescopes Name Date Class BOOK Review Packet Astronomy Overview Exploring Space Directions:Complete the concept map the terms in the list below. radio telescopes satellites visible light space probes rockets reflecting

More information

A Solar System Coloring Book

A Solar System Coloring Book A Solar System Coloring Book Courtesy of the Windows to the Universe Project http://www.windows2universe.org The Sun Size: The Sun is wider than 100 Earths. Temperature: ~27,000,000 F in the center, ~10,000

More information

A SOLAR SYSTEM COLORING BOOK

A SOLAR SYSTEM COLORING BOOK A SOLAR SYSTEM COLORING BOOK Brought to you by: THE SUN Size: The Sun is wider than 100 Earths. 1 Temperature: 27,000,000 F in the center, 10,000 F at the surface. So that s REALLY hot anywhere on the

More information

Composition of planets. Mercury

Composition of planets. Mercury The Solar System Solar System Nebular Hypothesis of Solar System Formation. Planets drawn to scale Distances not to scale Earth approximately 12,800 km diameter Earth is about 150,000,000 km from Sun Composition

More information

Copyright 2006, Astronomical Society of the Pacific

Copyright 2006, Astronomical Society of the Pacific 2 1 3 4 Diameter: 590 miles (950 km) Distance to Sun: 257 million miles (414 million km) Orbits: # 18 Composition: Outer layer probably ice and frozen ammonia, no Diameter: 750 miles (1200 km) Distance

More information

Chapter 6 Formation of Planetary Systems: Our Solar System and Beyond. What does the solar system look like? What does the solar system look like?

Chapter 6 Formation of Planetary Systems: Our Solar System and Beyond. What does the solar system look like? What does the solar system look like? Chapter 6 Formation of Planetary Systems: Our Solar System and Beyond What does the solar system look like? The solar system exhibits clear patterns of composition and motion. These patterns are far more

More information

Possibly due to heat left Deeper still, liquid hydrogen

Possibly due to heat left Deeper still, liquid hydrogen Chapter 10 The Outer Planets 1 The Outer Worlds Beyond the orbit of Mars, the low temperatures of the solar nebula allowed condensing bodies there to capture hydrogen and hydrogen-rich gases This, together

More information

The Origin of the Solar System. Formation and basic characteristics of the Solar System

The Origin of the Solar System. Formation and basic characteristics of the Solar System The Origin of the Solar System Formation and basic characteristics of the Solar System The origin of matter All the building material necessary to make our Solar System was assembled in the process of

More information

Our Planetary System. Earth, as viewed by the Voyager spacecraft. 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.

Our Planetary System. Earth, as viewed by the Voyager spacecraft. 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. Our Planetary System Earth, as viewed by the Voyager spacecraft 7.1 Studying the Solar System Our goals for learning: What does the solar system look like? What can we learn by comparing the planets to

More information

Chapter 7 Reading Quiz Clickers. The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition. Our Planetary System Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 7 Reading Quiz Clickers. The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition. Our Planetary System Pearson Education, Inc. Reading Quiz Clickers The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition Our Planetary System 7.1 Studying the Solar System What does the solar system look like? What can we learn by comparing the planets to one another?

More information

Related Standards and Background Information

Related Standards and Background Information Related Standards and Background Information Earth Patterns, Cycles and Changes This strand focuses on student understanding of patterns in nature, natural cycles, and changes that occur both quickly and

More information

The Solar System. Source http://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/starchild/solar_system_level1/solar_system.html

The Solar System. Source http://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/starchild/solar_system_level1/solar_system.html The Solar System What is the solar system? It is our Sun and everything that travels around it. Our solar system is elliptical in shape. That means it is shaped like an egg. Earth s orbit is nearly circular.

More information

Chapter 7 Lecture. The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition. Our Planetary System Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 7 Lecture. The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition. Our Planetary System Pearson Education, Inc. Chapter 7 Lecture The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition Our Planetary System Our Planetary System Earth, as viewed by the Voyager spacecraft 7.1 Studying the Solar System Our goals for learning: What

More information

Solar System Overview

Solar System Overview Solar System Overview Planets: Four inner planets, Terrestrial planets Four outer planets, Jovian planets Asteroids: Minor planets (planetesimals) Meteroids: Chucks of rocks (smaller than asteroids) (Mercury,

More information

SOLAR SYSTEM PRESENTATION BY: DEVAN

SOLAR SYSTEM PRESENTATION BY: DEVAN SOLAR SYSTEM PRESENTATION BY: DEVAN Definition of a star: A fixed luminous point in the night sky. Stars and our Sun Stars are classified by their temperatures and you classify them by letters O, B, A,

More information

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM

CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SOLAR SYSTEM reflect Our solar system is made up of thousands of objects, at the center of which is a star, the Sun. The objects beyond the Sun include 8 planets, at least 5 dwarf planets, and more than 170 moons.

More information

Name Date Hour Table. Cosmic Relations (Select each location and record how the Earth fits into the universe.)

Name Date Hour Table. Cosmic Relations (Select each location and record how the Earth fits into the universe.) Open the Solar System App Cosmic Relations (Select each location and record how the Earth fits into the universe.) 1. Earth 2. Solar System 3. Milky Way 4. Universe The Milky Way is the home of Earth s

More information

Read the lesson. Use the words in the box to complete the concept web. The Sun is a, star or a fiery ball of hot gases.

Read the lesson. Use the words in the box to complete the concept web. The Sun is a, star or a fiery ball of hot gases. Lesson 1 Study Guide What is? Read the lesson. Use the words in the box to complete the concept web. chromosphere corona innermost photosphere prominences solar flare star sunspots Use with pages 257 259.

More information

2007 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley. The Jovian Planets

2007 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley. The Jovian Planets The Jovian Planets The Jovian planets are gas giants - much larger than Earth Sizes of Jovian Planets Planets get larger as they get more massive up to a point... Planets more massive than Jupiter are

More information

The Jovian Planets Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley

The Jovian Planets Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Pearson Addison-Wesley The Jovian Planets 1 Great Exam Performance! Class average was 79.5% This is the highest average I ve ever had on any ASTR 100 exam Wonderful job! Exams will be handed back in your sections Don t let up;

More information

Our Solar System Facts for students

Our Solar System Facts for students Our Solar System is our local neighbourhood in space and is dominated by the Sun. The Sun is huge about one million Earths could fit inside it, and it makes up about 99.8 percent of our Solar System s

More information

Earth Is Not the Center of the Universe

Earth Is Not the Center of the Universe Earth Is Not the Center of the Universe Source: Utah State Office of Education Introduction Have you ever looked up at the night sky and wondered about all the pinpoint lights? People through the ages

More information

PART 1 OBJECTS IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM 4.1 INTRODUCTION 4.2 PLANET TYPES

PART 1 OBJECTS IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM 4.1 INTRODUCTION 4.2 PLANET TYPES PART 1 OBJECTS IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM 4.1 INTRODUCTION Besides the Sun, the central object of our solar system, which is a star and will be discussed in more detail in Chapter 11, there are basically three

More information

Earth. Earth is the third planet from the Sun. It is a rocky planet and the fifth largest in our solar system. It has one moon and no rings.

Earth. Earth is the third planet from the Sun. It is a rocky planet and the fifth largest in our solar system. It has one moon and no rings. Earth Earth is the third planet from the Sun. It is a rocky planet and the fifth largest in our solar system. It has one moon and no rings. Earth Fun Facts: The word Earth means the ground. The Earth s

More information

Our Solar System!!! Solar System scaled to accurate size, not distance from the Sun.

Our Solar System!!! Solar System scaled to accurate size, not distance from the Sun. Our Solar System!!! Solar System scaled to accurate size, not distance from the Sun. The Order of the Solar System Although not to scale, this diagram shows where all the objects in our Solar System are

More information

3 rd Grape from the Sun Activity Timeline and Notes Nicholas McConnell, UC Berkeley, 2011-2012. Intro and Group Assignments (10 minutes)

3 rd Grape from the Sun Activity Timeline and Notes Nicholas McConnell, UC Berkeley, 2011-2012. Intro and Group Assignments (10 minutes) 3 rd Grape from the Sun Activity Timeline and Notes Nicholas McConnell, UC Berkeley, 2011-2012 Intro and Group Assignments (10 minutes) Hi! My name is Nicholas, and I study Astronomy at UC Berkeley. I

More information

Practice Test- Solar System

Practice Test- Solar System Practice Test- Solar System 1. Which of the following planets has a diameter that is smaller than the diameter of the Earth? A. Neptune B. Uranus C. Saturn D. Venus 2. Which of the following is a result

More information

Moon 101. Date. Name Monday, January 14. By Patti Hutchison

Moon 101. Date. Name Monday, January 14. By Patti Hutchison Monday, January 14 Moon 101 By Patti Hutchison It's made of green cheese. There is a man up there looking down on you. When it's full, people turn into werewolves. These are stories about the moon you

More information

Earth Science Lesson Plan Quarter 4, Week 6, Day 1

Earth Science Lesson Plan Quarter 4, Week 6, Day 1 Earth Science Lesson Plan Quarter 4, Week 6, Day 1 Outcomes for Today Standard Focus: PREPARE 1. Background knowledge necessary for today s reading. The outer part of the solar system is comprised of the

More information

Lecture 12: The Solar System Briefly

Lecture 12: The Solar System Briefly Lecture 12: The Solar System Briefly Formation of the Moonhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WpOKztEiMqo&feature =related Formation of our Solar System Conservation of Angular Momentum Why are the larger,

More information

The Solar System. Olivia Paquette

The Solar System. Olivia Paquette The Solar System Olivia Paquette Table of Contents The Sun 1 Mercury 2,3 Venus 4,5 Earth 6,7 Mars 8,9 Jupiter 10,11 Saturn 12 Uranus 13 Neptune Pluto 14 15 Glossary. 16 The Sun Although it may seem like

More information

Chapter 9 Asteroids, Comets, and Dwarf Planets. Their Nature, Orbits, and Impacts

Chapter 9 Asteroids, Comets, and Dwarf Planets. Their Nature, Orbits, and Impacts Chapter 9 Asteroids, Comets, and Dwarf Planets Their Nature, Orbits, and Impacts Asteroid Facts Asteroids are rocky leftovers of planet formation. The largest is Ceres, diameter ~1,000 km. There are 150,000

More information

Chapter 11 Jupiter. Physics 1312 Solar System Astronomy Practice Test 3

Chapter 11 Jupiter. Physics 1312 Solar System Astronomy Practice Test 3 Chapter 11 Jupiter MULTIPLE CHOICE. 1) How does the mass of Jupiter compare with that of the other planets? A) It is slightly larger and more massive than Saturn. B) It is similar to that of the Earth

More information

STUDY GUIDE: SOLAR SYSTEM

STUDY GUIDE: SOLAR SYSTEM 319 S. Naperville Road Wheaton, IL 60187 www.questionsgalore.net Phone: (630) 580-5735 E-Mail: info@questionsgalore.net Fax: (630) 580-5765 STUDY GUIDE: SOLAR SYSTEM The solar system contains the sun,

More information

The Outer Worlds. Chapter Sixteen

The Outer Worlds. Chapter Sixteen The Outer Worlds Chapter Sixteen ASTR 111 003 Fall 2006 Lecture 13 Nov. 27, 2006 Introduction To Modern Astronomy I Introducing Astronomy (chap. 1-6) Planets and Moons (chap. 7-17) Ch7: Comparative Planetology

More information

Name Date Hour Table

Name Date Hour Table Name Date Hour Table Open the Solar System App Cosmic Relations (Select each location and record how the Earth fits into the universe.) 1. Earthà People live on Earth 2. Solar Systemà The Earth orbits

More information

Planets and Dwarf Planets by Shauna Hutton

Planets and Dwarf Planets by Shauna Hutton Name: Wow! Technology has improved so well in the last several years that we keep finding more and more objects in our solar system! Because of this, scientists have had to come up with new categories

More information

The Earth s magnetosphere

The Earth s magnetosphere The Earth s magnetosphere 1 Re-call: Earth s magnetosphere C. Russell, The solar wind interaction with the Earth s magnetosphere: Tutorial 2 Magnetospheres Term introduced by Thomas Gold in 1959 Not a

More information

AST 105 HW #4 Solution

AST 105 HW #4 Solution AST 105 HW # Solution Week of September 1 th, 2015 Note: All Problems are from The Cosmic Perspective (6ed) Chapter 6 Review Problems 2. For purposes of astronomy, what advantages does a camera have over

More information

25 MS The Solar System Chapter Outline

25 MS The Solar System Chapter Outline www.ck12.org CHAPTER 25 MS The Solar System Chapter Outline 25.1 INTRODUCTION TO THE SOLAR SYSTEM 25.2 INNER PLANETS 25.3 OUTER PLANETS 25.4 OTHER OBJECTS IN THE SOLAR SYSTEM 25.5 REFERENCES Earth is not

More information

Chapter 7 Our Planetary System. What does the solar system look like? Thought Question How does the Earth-Sun distance compare with the Sun s radius

Chapter 7 Our Planetary System. What does the solar system look like? Thought Question How does the Earth-Sun distance compare with the Sun s radius Chapter 7 Our Planetary System 7.1 Studying the Solar System Our goals for learning:! What does the solar system look like?! What can we learn by comparing the planets to one another?! What are the major

More information

A: Planets. Q: Which of the following objects would NOT be described as a small body: asteroids, meteoroids, comets, planets?

A: Planets. Q: Which of the following objects would NOT be described as a small body: asteroids, meteoroids, comets, planets? Q: Which of the following objects would NOT be described as a small body: asteroids, meteoroids, comets, planets? A: Planets Q: What can we learn by studying small bodies of the solar system? A: We can

More information

ASTR 115: Introduction to Astronomy. Stephen Kane

ASTR 115: Introduction to Astronomy. Stephen Kane ASTR 115: Introduction to Astronomy Stephen Kane ASTR 115: The Second Mid-Term Exam What will be covered? - Everything from chapters 6-10 of the textbook. What will be the format of the exam? - It will

More information

KERPOOF LESSON PLAN The Planets

KERPOOF LESSON PLAN The Planets KERPOOF LESSON PLAN The Planets TOPIC Astronomy, the Solar System GRADES 3-5 OBJECTIVES Students will learn different ways to classify the planets of our solar system and reinforce this new knowledge by

More information

Class 14 Patterns & diversity in our Solar System. I : The kinematics of the Solar System

Class 14 Patterns & diversity in our Solar System. I : The kinematics of the Solar System Class 14 Patterns & diversity in our Solar System Kinematics of the solar system Comparative planetology I : The kinematics of the Solar System We have learned about the laws of physics (motion and gravity)

More information

Chapter 12 Remnants of Rock and Ice. Asteroids, Comets, and the Kuiper Belt

Chapter 12 Remnants of Rock and Ice. Asteroids, Comets, and the Kuiper Belt Chapter 12 Remnants of Rock and Ice Asteroids, Comets, and the Kuiper Belt What are asteroids like? Asteroid Facts Asteroids are rocky leftovers of planet formation. Largest is Ceres, diameter ~1,000 km

More information

The Earth, Sun, and Moon

The Earth, Sun, and Moon reflect The Sun and Moon are Earth s constant companions. We bask in the Sun s heat and light. It provides Earth s energy, and life could not exist without it. We rely on the Moon to light dark nights.

More information

ì<(sk$m)=bdifdb< +^-Ä-U-Ä-U

ì<(sk$m)=bdifdb< +^-Ä-U-Ä-U Space and Technology by Ann DeWitt Genre Comprehension Skill Text Features Science Content Nonfiction Compare and Contrast Captions Diagram Solar System Labels Glossary Scott Foresman Science 3.16 ì

More information

Chapter 12 Asteroids, Comets, and Dwarf Planets. Asteroid Facts. What are asteroids like? Asteroids with Moons. 12.1 Asteroids and Meteorites

Chapter 12 Asteroids, Comets, and Dwarf Planets. Asteroid Facts. What are asteroids like? Asteroids with Moons. 12.1 Asteroids and Meteorites Chapter 12 Asteroids, Comets, and Dwarf Planets Their Nature, Orbits, and Impacts What are asteroids like? 12.1 Asteroids and Meteorites Our goals for learning:! What are asteroids like?! Why is there

More information

Formation of the Solar System

Formation of the Solar System Formation of the Solar System Any theory of formation of the Solar System must explain all of the basic facts that we have learned so far. 1 The Solar System The Sun contains 99.9% of the mass. The Solar

More information

Meet Our Solar System

Meet Our Solar System activity 11 Meet Our Solar System BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN Grade 4 Quarter 2 Activity 11 SC.E.1.2.3 The student knows that the Sun is a star and that its energy can be captured

More information

Glossary from The Wizard from Space

Glossary from The Wizard from Space Glossary from The Wizard from Space Asterism An asterism is a star pattern made up of stars borrowed from a constellation. The most famous of these is the Big Dipper, which is made of stars borrowed from

More information

Name: Date: Goals: to discuss the composition, components, and types of comets; to build a comet and test its strength and reaction to light

Name: Date: Goals: to discuss the composition, components, and types of comets; to build a comet and test its strength and reaction to light Name: Date: 17 Building a Comet 17.1 Introduction Comets represent some of the earliest material left over from the formation of the solar system, and are therefore of great interest to planetary astronomers.

More information

Jupiter: A Global Perspective. Class 8: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto. Class 8: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto

Jupiter: A Global Perspective. Class 8: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto. Class 8: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto Class 8: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto Class 8: Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto Class Updates Reading: 23.2, 23.4-23.6 Midterm 2: April 18th Today s topics: Jupiter & Saturn Jupiter:

More information

Chapter 7 Our Planetary System. Agenda. Intro Astronomy. Intro Astronomy. What does the solar system look like? A. General Basics

Chapter 7 Our Planetary System. Agenda. Intro Astronomy. Intro Astronomy. What does the solar system look like? A. General Basics Chapter 7 Our Planetary System Agenda Pass back & discuss Test 2 Where we are (at) Ch. 7 Our Planetary System Finish Einstein s Big Idea Earth, as viewed by the Voyager spacecraft A. General Basics Intro

More information

Small Bodies of the Solar System

Small Bodies of the Solar System Small Bodies of the Solar System Part I: Asteroids & Meteorites A Missing Planet? By the 1700 s, it became clear to astronomers that there was something peculiar about the layout of the Solar System. The

More information

Chapter 12 Remnants of Rock and Ice Asteroids, Comets, and the Kuiper Belt. Asteroid Facts. What are asteroids like? Asteroids with Moons

Chapter 12 Remnants of Rock and Ice Asteroids, Comets, and the Kuiper Belt. Asteroid Facts. What are asteroids like? Asteroids with Moons Chapter 12 Remnants of Rock and Ice Asteroids, Comets, and the Kuiper Belt 12.1 Asteroids and Meteorites Our goals for learning What are asteroids like? Why is there an asteroid belt? Where do meteorites

More information

8. Mercury, the planet nearest to the Sun, has extreme surface temperatures, ranging from 465 C in sunlight to 180 C in darkness.

8. Mercury, the planet nearest to the Sun, has extreme surface temperatures, ranging from 465 C in sunlight to 180 C in darkness. 6.E.1 Unit Test DO NOT WRITE ON THIS QUIZ!!! 1. The largest body in our solar system is Earth. the Sun. Jupiter. the Moon. 4. What do the four planets closest to the Sun have in common? Their solid, rocky

More information

Cosmic Journey: A Solar System Adventure General Information

Cosmic Journey: A Solar System Adventure General Information Cosmic Journey: A Solar System Adventure General Information Imagine it a huge spiral galaxy containing hundreds of billions of stars, spiraling out from a galactic center. Nestled deep within one of the

More information

DWARF PLANETS A S T R O N O M Y. The Academic Support Daytona State College (Science 109, Page 1 of 33)

DWARF PLANETS A S T R O N O M Y. The Academic Support Daytona State College (Science 109, Page 1 of 33) DWARF PLANETS A S T R O N O M Y The Academic Support Center @ Daytona State College (Science 109, Page 1 of 33) DWARF PLANETS The Academic Support Center @ Daytona State College (Science 109, Page 2 of

More information

The Planets (in two parts) The Inner Planets. The inner 4 planets are called Terrestrial planets

The Planets (in two parts) The Inner Planets. The inner 4 planets are called Terrestrial planets The Planets (in two parts) The Inner Planets The inner 4 planets are called Terrestrial planets What do you think? Is the temperature on Mercury, the closest planet to the Sun, higher than the temperature

More information

Formation and content of the solar system.

Formation and content of the solar system. Formation and content of the solar system. The Solar Nebula Hypothesis Basis of modern theory of planet formation: Planets form at the same time from the same cloud as the star. Planet formation sites

More information

Discover the planets of our solar system. In 90 minutes through the universe. On a hiking path between Ehrenfriedensdorf and Drebach

Discover the planets of our solar system. In 90 minutes through the universe. On a hiking path between Ehrenfriedensdorf and Drebach Discover the planets of our solar system In 90 minutes through the universe On a hiking path between Ehrenfriedensdorf and Drebach Solar System - Sonnensystem The Solar System consists of the Sun and the

More information

Names of Group Members:

Names of Group Members: Names of Group Members: Using telescopes and spacecraft, astronomers can collect information from objects too big or too far away to test and study in a lab. This is fortunate, because it turns out that

More information

Perspective and Scale Size in Our Solar System

Perspective and Scale Size in Our Solar System Perspective and Scale Size in Our Solar System Notes Clue Session in Mary Gates RM 242 Mon 6:30 8:00 Read Lang Chpt. 1 Moodle Assignment due Thursdays at 6pm (first one due 1/17) Written Assignments due

More information

KINDERGARTEN 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

KINDERGARTEN 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES KINDERGARTEN 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES UNIVERSE CYCLE OVERVIEW OF KINDERGARTEN UNIVERSE WEEK 1. PRE: Discovering misconceptions of the Universe. LAB: Comparing size and distances in space. POST:

More information

ESC1011. Exam and Study Notes

ESC1011. Exam and Study Notes ESC1011 Exam and Study Notes Table of Contents Our Planet and its Place in the Universe The Fate of the Universe Where did everything come from? Formation of Solar Systems Extrasolar planets Rocky Planets

More information

STUDY GUIDE: Earth Sun Moon

STUDY GUIDE: Earth Sun Moon The Universe is thought to consist of trillions of galaxies. Our galaxy, the Milky Way, has billions of stars. One of those stars is our Sun. Our solar system consists of the Sun at the center, and all

More information

Scientists use special equipment and filters to study the Sun.

Scientists use special equipment and filters to study the Sun. SKY SCIENCE STUDY NOTES Also use your class notes and tests. I CAN observe, describe and interpret the movement of objects in the sky; and explain pattern and order in these movements. Stars are like non-stop

More information

Voyage: A Journey through our Solar System. Grades 5-8. Lesson 1: Our Solar System

Voyage: A Journey through our Solar System. Grades 5-8. Lesson 1: Our Solar System Voyage: A Journey through our Solar System Grades 5-8 Lesson 1: Our Solar System On a visit to the National Mall in Washington, DC, one can see monuments of a nation Memorials to Lincoln, Jefferson, and

More information

How to Make a Solar System Necklace

How to Make a Solar System Necklace How to Make a Solar System Necklace A M.A.R.S. Resource Document Compiled and Edited by James M. Thomas for the Museum Astronomical Resource Society Introduction This craft began in the latter half of

More information

THE SOLAR SYSTEM. By: Diana & Katrina

THE SOLAR SYSTEM. By: Diana & Katrina THE SOLAR SYSTEM By: Diana & Katrina Table of contents what is the solar system The Sun What is the Solar System? Scientists say that the Solar System was formed about 4.5 billion years ago. The Solar

More information

Name: João Fernando Alves da Silva Class: 7-4 Number: 10

Name: João Fernando Alves da Silva Class: 7-4 Number: 10 Name: João Fernando Alves da Silva Class: 7-4 Number: 10 What is the constitution of the Solar System? The Solar System is constituted not only by planets, which have satellites, but also by thousands

More information