galaxy solar system supernova (noun) (noun) (noun)

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1 WORDS IN CONTEXT DAY 1 (Page 1 of 4) galaxy A galaxy is a collection of stars, gas, and dust. We live in the Milky Way galaxy. One galaxy may contain billions of stars. solar system A solar system revolves around one or two stars, not billions of stars, as in a galaxy. Our solar system includes the Sun and all the bodies within its gravitational pull. There are eight known planets in our solar system. supernova A supernova is an exploding star. A supernova is a star, not a planet. A supernova is a relatively old star.

2 WORDS IN CONTEXT DAY 1 (Page 2 of 4) telescope A telescope magnifies whatever it is pointed at, similar to binoculars but much stronger. A telescope makes distant objects appear closer and larger. It was thrilling to see Saturn through a telescope. light-year A light-year is the distance that light travels in one year, which is nearly six trillion miles. A light-year is the unit of measure used to calculate the distance from Earth to stars in space. A light-year is not a unit of time. black hole A black hole is likely formed by the collapse of a giant star. A black hole is not really a hole but rather a region of space from which no matter or radiation can escape. If the Sun were compressed to a tiny size, it would become a black hole because the greater the mass in a space, the stronger its gravitational pull.

3 WORDS IN CONTEXT DAY 1 (Page 3 of 4) star A star gives off light, but a planet does not. The star closest to Earth is the Sun. A star in the night sky seems to twinkle, but it has a steady light. astronomer An astronomer is a scientist who studies planets, stars, galaxies, and other objects in space. You would expect an astronomer to use a telescope. She wants to be an astronomer someday, so she is taking many science classes in college. orbit (verb) To orbit is to revolve around another object along a path. Mercury, Venus, Earth, and several other planets orbit the Sun. Jupiter's moons orbit, or travel around, Jupiter.

4 WORDS IN CONTEXT DAY 1 (Page 4 of 4) cluster A cluster is a group of similar objects, such as flowers or rocks. A group of stars is often referred to as a cluster. A star cluster may look like one fuzzy star from far away, but it's actually thousands of stars in a group. deep space Deep space is located beyond the Sun and all the celestial bodies that orbit it. When you look at constellations in the night sky, you're looking into deep space. Deep space, or outer space, contains stars, planets, and moons. big bang theory According to the big bang theory, the universe began about 15 billion years ago. The "bang" in the big bang theory is a huge explosion believed by many to have created time, space, matter, and energy. According to the big bang theory, the universe has continued to expand outward ever since the original explosion.

5 Name: WORD SMART DAY 1 (Page 1 of 1) INSTRUCTIONS: Record a vocabulary word in each word box. Then write a synonym and an antonym, draw a picture, and define each word. Use each word in a sentence on the back of this worksheet. Word Picture Synonym Antonym Definition Word Picture Synonym Antonym Definition

6 galaxy a large collection of stars, planets, gas, and dust bound together by gravitational forces solar system a group of objects in space that orbit a star supernova the death explosion of a massive star, resulting in a sharp increase in brightness followed by a gradual fading

7 telescope an instrument used to make distant objects look closer light-year a unit of distance in astronomy equal to the distance that light travels in one year black hole a region of space with a gravitational field so intense that nothing can escape

8 star a body in outer space, made of hot gases, that shines in the night sky astronomer a scientist who studies planets, stars, galaxies, and other objects in space orbit to revolve around another object (verb)

9 cluster a close group of similar objects deep space the open areas between solid bodies in the universe beyond our solar system big bang theory the idea that the universe began from a single, enormous explosion and is still expanding

10 ANALOGIES DAY 2 (Page 1 of 2) Name: An analogy shows a relationship between two sets of words. The words in the first pair must have the same relationship as the words in the second pair. To complete an analogy with a missing word, you must first discover the relationship between the completed pair. (Example: Cat is to meow as dog is to bark.) Big Dipper stars organism biology time wind dark living things drive natural satellite between Mars and Saturn biologist INSTRUCTIONS: Determine the relationship between the first pair of words. Then use the words in the word box to complete the second pair of words. Telescope is to astronomy...as... microscope is to Astronomer is to space...as... biologist is to Deep space is to beyond Earth's solar system...as... Jupiter is to 4. Cluster is to group...as... moon is to 5. Star is to bright...as... space is to 6. Black hole is to gravity...as... tornado is to

11 ANALOGIES DAY 2 (Page 2 of 2) Name: An analogy shows a relationship between two sets of words. The words in the first pair must have the same relationship as the words in the second pair. To complete an analogy with a missing word, you must first discover the relationship between the completed pair. (Example: Cat is to meow as dog is to bark.) Big Dipper stars organism biology time wind dark living things drive natural satellite between Mars and Saturn biologist INSTRUCTIONS: Determine the relationship between the first pair of words. Then use the words in the word box to complete the second pair of words. 7. Orbit is to revolve...as... pilot is to 8. Galaxy is to Milky Way...as... constellation is to 9. Light-year is to distance...as... millennium is to 10. Solar system is to Sun and planets...as... galaxy is to 1 Big bang theory is to cosmologist...as... evolution is to 1 Supernova is to nova...as... super organism is to

12 CLOZE SENTENCES DAY 2 (Page 1 of 2) Name: galaxy telescope star cluster solar system light-year astronomer deep space supernova black hole orbit big bang theory INSTRUCTIONS: Use the vocabulary words in the word box above to complete the sentences below. An knows a great deal about our solar system. Two tiny moons, Phobos and Deimos, Mars. A is a star that is suddenly very bright. 4. The Sun is a 5. A group of stars is a 6. A is a very large distance in space. 7. A is a group of solar systems. 8. Nothing can escape from a 9. The open areas beyond our solar system are commonly referred to as

13 CLOZE SENTENCES DAY 2 (Page 2 of 2) Name: galaxy telescope star cluster solar system light-year astronomer deep space supernova black hole orbit big bang theory INSTRUCTIONS: Use the vocabulary words in the word box above to complete the sentences below. 10. The about how the physical universe began. is a generally accepted theory 1 The Sun is at the center of our 1 We used a to view Saturn.

14 INSTRUCTIONS: Assign one or more of the following activities to reinforce the function of nouns. EXPLORATION DAY 3 NOUNS Draw a Picture Materials: Word cards; box or envelope; paper; pencils, markers, or crayons Place all the word cards in a box or envelope. Have students pull out a word card and draw a picture of the chosen word. Encourage them to draw a picture that illustrates the word s meaning. Make a Picture Dictionary Materials: Paper; pencils, markers, or crayons Have students create a picture dictionary for the word list by writing their own definitions and drawing their own illustrations in their book. Make a Sentence Materials: Word cards, box or envelope, strips of paper Place all the word cards in a box or envelope. Have students pull out a word card and use their chosen word to create a written or oral sentence. Match a Word Materials: Word cards, tape, box or envelope Place all the word cards in a box or envelope. Have students pull out a word card and tape it onto an object in the classroom using the word as a label. Mime It! Materials: Word cards, box or envelope Place all the word cards in a box or envelope. Have students pull out a word card and act it out. Have classmates try to guess the word. Pick a Synonym or Antonym Materials: Word cards Place all the word cards in a box or envelope. Have students pull out a word card and give a synonym or an antonym for the chosen word. (You may choose to omit words that do not have synonyms or antonyms, or you may choose to include them as points of discussion.)

15 CONCEPT COMPLETION DAY 4 (Page 1 of 1) Name: INSTRUCTIONS: Use what you know about the vocabulary words to complete the following sentences. A light-year is a unit of Deep space is located When planets orbit, they 4. Our solar system is made up of 5. I can see a star at night in the 6. An astronomer studies 7. A supernova is 8. A black hole is 9. The "bang" in the big bang theory caused 10. When we looked through the telescope, we could see 1 A cluster is a group of 1 Earth is part of the galaxy known as

16 ASSESSMENT DAY 5 (Page 1 of 2) Name: INSTRUCTIONS: Choose the best answer to complete each statement. Earth is part of the galaxy. solar Big Dipper Milky Way 6. A black hole is a region of space with an intense array of stars gravitational pull concentration of life Earth is one of known planets in our solar system. eight sixteen billions of 7. A star seems to night sky. zoom around twinkle explode in the A supernova gradually explodes fades grows 8. An astronomer studies objects in space living things on Earth horoscopes You would use a telescope to study ocean currents Mars DNA A light-year is nearly six miles. thousand million trillion Celestial bodies that orbit move randomly are unpredictable follow a path A cluster has many things. different similar shiny

17 ASSESSMENT DAY 5 (Page 2 of 2) Name: INSTRUCTIONS: Choose the best answer to complete each statement. 1 1 is a synonym for deep space. Outer space Outward space Further space A is most likely to study the big bang theory. cell biologist cosmologist geologist

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