UC Irvine FOCUS! 5 E Lesson Plan

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "UC Irvine FOCUS! 5 E Lesson Plan"

Transcription

1 UC Irvine FOCUS! 5 E Lesson Plan Title: Astronomical Units and The Solar System Grade Level and Course: 8th grade Physical Science Materials: Visual introduction for solar system (slides, video, posters, etc) Materials for TPR Solar System, including about 560 m (1800 feet) of heavy string or rope, meter sticks, colored markers to illustrate planets on paper Student lab with planetary data and worksheets Instructional Resources Used: (concept maps, websites, think-pair-share, video clips, random selection of students etc.) PowerPoint slide show of planets Student access to information about planets/solar system (eg: text) Numerous solar system animated video tours exist on the web. Many are short, entertaining, and very appropriate for middle school students. A classic video showing relative distances is Powers of 10 by Charles and James Eames, is also available on line originally released in the 1970 s, it s still well worth watching today! Web sites, such as Nineplanets.org offer abundant images and information on current astronomical research and NASA robotic missions Think-pair-share, sentence frames, Venn diagrams California State Standards: (written out) 8.4c. Students know how to use astronomical units and light years as measures of distances between the Sun, stars, and Earth 8.4e. Students know the appearance, general composition, relative position and size, and motion of objects in the solar system, including planets, planetary satellites, comets, and asteroids. Common Core State Standards: (written out) Lesson Objectives: Students will understand how to use Astronomical Units for measuring distances within the solar system Students will graph the relationship between Astronomical units and orbital periods by the planets Students will distinguish between the eight planets and three dwarf planets as recently (2006) catalogued by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) Differentiation Strategies to meet the needs of diverse learners: English learners a. Among the resources available on-line are video presentations at all

2 levels of depth and vocabulary. Animations with vocabulary/content depth more appropriate for EL students are readily available. This site, has several short, yet interesting, videos on the planets and solar system. b. EL students should be partnered with bi-lingual students. Students will participate in Think-pair-share and sharing comments as part of a class discussion. EL students will answer questions in complete sentences from sentence frames and/or sentence starters. c. Teacher should model completing the grid for Activity 1 and Activity 3. Special Education: a. The Activity 1 portion of the worksheet should be modified and perhaps turned into a separate page. Perhaps spaces below the grid could be provided for student to write the names of planets b. A more thorough discussion of what is meant by scale should precede the Activity 2 TPR, as well as making sure students know how to measure an extended distance outdoors with a meter stick GATE: a. Further discussion about the relationship between a planet s distance from the sun and its orbital period could include (1) Newton s Inverse-square law (2) Newton s law of universal gravitation (3) Kepler s laws of planetary motion b. The creation of a dwarf planet category and re-classification of Pluto in 2006 is an excellent opportunity to discuss the nature of science. As new information emerges, science is sometimes forced to re-think its position on a topic. This means our understanding of nature may change over time; older models become outdated, newer models take their place! ENGAGE Invite students to tell what they know about the planets. Are students aware of the reclassification of Pluto as a dwarf planet? Introduce the solar system with PowerPoint slides or video presentation EXPLORE Using a chart of Astronomical Units, students use graph paper strip to show the relative distances of the planets (1/8 inch = 1 AU) (Activity 1) Students use lengths of rope to represent the relative distances as on outdoor TPR (1 meter = 1 AU) (Activity 2) Students compare the distance a planet is from the sun with its revolution period (Activity 3) EXPLAIN What s the Big Idea? Understanding the frequency and general characteristics of our solar system s planets, dwarf planets, and moons and asteroids, and the use of the Astronomical Unit for measuring distances within the solar system Higher Order questions presented to students

3 (1) Describe the similarities and differences of inner and outer planets (2) Describe the occurrence of moons in our solar system (3) What is the relationship between a planet s distance from the sun and it s orbital period around the sun? (4) What is the difference between a light year and an astronomical unit and when should each be used? (5) Why was Pluto changed to the dwarf planet designation? EXTEND Students can explore a web site such as Nineplanets.org to: a. Describe physical details of solar system bodies b. Compare and contrast inner and outer planets, asteroids and comets, or earth and other bodies (moons, terrestrial planets) in the solar system c. Research robotic missions (such as Voyager which imaged the four gas giant planets) and what we have learned from them. Students can research a particular solar system body and generate a presentation, such as PowerPoint, poster, or oral report. Students can make a model of the solar system. Styrofoam ball models are seldom to scale, but can be a fun and creative project. When several are hung from the ceiling, they make impressive additions to a fun classroom! Teacher should reinforce the relationship between light years and astronomical units. (1) Light year: used for measuring distances among stars / galaxies (2) Astronomical Unit (AU): used for measuring distance within the solar system Discuss with students that our chart and outdoor model of the solar system only show relative distances between the planets, and was the focus of this lesson. Sources are available, such as the pinhead solar system that incorporate the relative size of the planets as well. Directions are available on-line for using dry ice to model a comet as a teacher demonstration. Any time dry ice is involved, you will have the students rapt attention! (1) The icy nature of a comet will be easily imprinted on students (2) The sublimating fog from the dry ice is an excellent model of a comet s tail. Putting a piece of dry ice in warm water dramatically increases the fog effect, highlighting the growing tale as a comet nears the sun! Background Knowledge for the Teacher: Illustrations of our solar system are often misleading. They usually give a sense that the planets are equi-distance apart from each other. This is unfortunate, but necessary, to fit all the planets in one picture. In reality, the inner planets (Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars) or terrestrial planets, are relatively close together nearer the sun. The outer planets (Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune) or gas giant planets are much farther away and much farther apart from each other than we usually see in the pictures. In 2006, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) created the dwarf planet designation. The IAU included the largest asteroid Ceres and the newly discovered Eris. It also re-designated Pluto as a dwarf planet. There

4 are other candidates being considered for dwarf planets, and it is expected that there may be hundreds such bodies awaiting discovery! The orbital period of the planets is exponentially longer as distance from the sun increases. The slower orbits of the outer planets are partly due to the longer distance the planet must travel around the sun. But more significant is the exponentially weaker gravitational attraction of the sun on the planet, requiring a much slower speed of the planet to maintain a stable orbit around the sun. NASA robotic missions have been generally very successful. Highlighting some of these missions, such as the Viking or Pathfinder missions to Mars in the 1970 s, adds an exciting component to the class discussions. It brings in the highly motivating elements of rockets and space travel. It also accents the healthy integration of science and engineering.

5 Student Name Date The AMAZING Solar System! Today Our Solar System Consists of Our Sun! The Center of our Solar System! Eight planets that orbit the sun Three dwarf planets that also orbit the sun Over 150 moons that orbit the planets Countless asteroids, many in the asteroid belt Icy comets in highly elliptical orbits An Astronomical Unit is a convenient way to measure distances in the solar system. It is the average distance from the earth to the sun, about 150 million kilometers (93 million miles) In 2006, the International Astronomical Union (IAU) met in Europe and created a new class of heavenly body, the dwarf planet. It included three objects in this new category Ceres, the largest asteroid in the asteroid belt Pluto, traditionally the ninth planet Eris, discovered in 2005 and is larger than Pluto The Revolution Period is the time is takes for the object to orbit the sun. Planet/Dwarf Planet Distance in AU Revolution Period Mercury.4 AU.2 Year Venus.7 AU.6 Year Earth 1.0 AU 1.0 Year Mars 1.5 AU 1.9 Years Ceres (Asteroid Belt) 2.8 AU 4.6 Years Jupiter 5.2 AU 11.9 Years Saturn 9.5 AU 29.5 Years Uranus 20.0 AU 84 Years Neptune 30.0 AU 165 Years Pluto (Dwarf Planet) 40.0 AU 248 Years Eris (Dwarf Planet) 50.0 AU 555 Years

6 Activity 1 Plot the Dots! Mark the Center Line to Show Where Each Planet Would Be! 1. Use the data above to show distances of the planets/dwarf planets from sun. 2. Label above the chart, Astronomical Units and number Make a dot along the line to show each objects average distance from the sun 4. Label each dot with a line pointing to the name underneath the chart AU = Label Activity 2 1. The teacher will set up a long length of rope outside the classroom 2. Work with partner(s) to make 8 ½ x 11 illustrations. Your teacher will assign the picture for your group, including sun, planets, earth s moon and dwarf planets 3. Using the scale, 1 meter = 1 AU, calculate how far your object is from the sun 4. Take your illustration outside to model the Astronomical Unit distances. Use a meter stick to find where your object will be along the rope, then stand there! a. The sun is at one end of the string b. Each group measures how far away from the sun they should be 5. Before disassembling your model, look closely at the relative distances represented by where students are standing compared to the sun and each other! Summarize what you noticed about the distances of planets in the two activities What do you notice about the first four planets? What do you notice about the last four planets?

7 Activity 3 How does the distance from the sun affect the planets orbit around the sun? Use the chart on the first page to compare the planet s distance and revolution. 1. List the planets/dwarf planets in order along the bottom of the graph 2. Label the top of the graph, Solar System Object Orbit the Sun 3. Label the side of the graph years and number the graph by 20 s 4. Construct a bar graph to compare the length of each object s revolution

8 Summarize what you noticed about the revolution of planets in the above graph Why do you think the closer planets revolve faster than the outer planets? Further Review 1. How many kilometers is an astronomical unit? 2. Why was this number selected? 3. Why is using astronomical units easier than using kilometers or miles for measuring distances in the solar system? 4. Why do you think we use astronomical units for measuring distances to the planets, but light years for measuring distances to the other stars? 5. Using the chart on the first page, calculate the distances in Astronomical Units a. the distance from Earth to the sun b. the distance from the sun to Neptune c. the distance from Earth to Mars d. the distance from Earth to Pluto e. the distance from Jupiter to Saturn f. the distance from Earth to Ceres g. the distance from Pluto to Eris 6. How far would a round-trip be in Astronomical Units a. from Earth to Mars and back b. from Earth to Mercury and back c. from Earth to Saturn and back d. from Earth to Pluto and back

HONEY, I SHRUNK THE SOLAR SYSTEM

HONEY, I SHRUNK THE SOLAR SYSTEM OVERVIEW HONEY, I SHRUNK THE SOLAR SYSTEM MODIFIED VERSION OF A SOLAR SYSTEM SCALE MODEL ACTIVITY FROM UNDERSTANDING SCIENCE LESSONS Students will construct a scale model of the solar system using a fitness

More information

Planets and Dwarf Planets by Shauna Hutton

Planets and Dwarf Planets by Shauna Hutton Name: Wow! Technology has improved so well in the last several years that we keep finding more and more objects in our solar system! Because of this, scientists have had to come up with new categories

More information

The Solar System. Source http://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/starchild/solar_system_level1/solar_system.html

The Solar System. Source http://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/starchild/solar_system_level1/solar_system.html The Solar System What is the solar system? It is our Sun and everything that travels around it. Our solar system is elliptical in shape. That means it is shaped like an egg. Earth s orbit is nearly circular.

More information

Grade 6 Standard 3 Unit Test A Astronomy. 1. The four inner planets are rocky and small. Which description best fits the next four outer planets?

Grade 6 Standard 3 Unit Test A Astronomy. 1. The four inner planets are rocky and small. Which description best fits the next four outer planets? Grade 6 Standard 3 Unit Test A Astronomy Multiple Choice 1. The four inner planets are rocky and small. Which description best fits the next four outer planets? A. They are also rocky and small. B. They

More information

Introduction to the Solar System

Introduction to the Solar System Introduction to the Solar System Lesson Objectives Describe some early ideas about our solar system. Name the planets, and describe their motion around the Sun. Explain how the solar system formed. Introduction

More information

Chapter 25.1: Models of our Solar System

Chapter 25.1: Models of our Solar System Chapter 25.1: Models of our Solar System Objectives: Compare & Contrast geocentric and heliocentric models of the solar sytem. Describe the orbits of planets explain how gravity and inertia keep the planets

More information

Pocket Solar System. Make a Scale Model of the Distances in our Solar System

Pocket Solar System. Make a Scale Model of the Distances in our Solar System Pocket Solar System Make a Scale Model of the Distances in our Solar System About the Activity Using a strip of paper, construct a quick scale model of the distances between the orbits of the planets,

More information

The orbit of Halley s Comet

The orbit of Halley s Comet The orbit of Halley s Comet Given this information Orbital period = 76 yrs Aphelion distance = 35.3 AU Observed comet in 1682 and predicted return 1758 Questions: How close does HC approach the Sun? What

More information

Page 1 of 2

Page 1 of 2 Kinesthetic Solar System Kinesthetic Solar System Demonstration Materials Students Pictures or signs representing each body in the solar system, including comets, and asteroids. Large outside open area,

More information

LESSON 3 THE SOLAR SYSTEM. Chapter 8, Astronomy

LESSON 3 THE SOLAR SYSTEM. Chapter 8, Astronomy LESSON 3 THE SOLAR SYSTEM Chapter 8, Astronomy OBJECTIVES Identify planets by observing their movement against background stars. Explain that the solar system consists of many bodies held together by gravity.

More information

LER 2891. Ages. Grades. Solar System. A fun game of thinking & linking!

LER 2891. Ages. Grades. Solar System. A fun game of thinking & linking! Solar System Ages 7+ LER 2891 Grades 2+ Card Game A fun game of thinking & linking! Contents 45 Picture cards 45 Word cards 8 New Link cards 2 Super Link cards Setup Shuffle the two decks together to mix

More information

Scientists often deal with

Scientists often deal with Solar System in the Hallway by Malonne Davies, Linda Landis, and Arthur Landis Scientists often deal with extreme numbers, both large and small. The Earth, 12,756,000 m in diameter, has a mass of 5,973,

More information

A SOLAR SYSTEM COLORING BOOK

A SOLAR SYSTEM COLORING BOOK A SOLAR SYSTEM COLORING BOOK Brought to you by: THE SUN Size: The Sun is wider than 100 Earths. 1 Temperature: 27,000,000 F in the center, 10,000 F at the surface. So that s REALLY hot anywhere on the

More information

A.4 The Solar System Scale Model

A.4 The Solar System Scale Model CHAPTER A. LABORATORY EXPERIMENTS 25 Name: Section: Date: A.4 The Solar System Scale Model I. Introduction Our solar system is inhabited by a variety of objects, ranging from a small rocky asteroid only

More information

Voyage: A Journey through our Solar System. Grades 5-8. Lesson 5: Round and Round We Go Exploring Orbits in the Solar System

Voyage: A Journey through our Solar System. Grades 5-8. Lesson 5: Round and Round We Go Exploring Orbits in the Solar System Voyage: A Journey through our Solar System Grades 5-8 Lesson 5: Round and Round We Go Exploring Orbits in the Solar System On a visit to the National Mall in Washington, DC, one can see monuments of a

More information

THE SOLAR SYSTEM - EXERCISES 1

THE SOLAR SYSTEM - EXERCISES 1 THE SOLAR SYSTEM - EXERCISES 1 THE SUN AND THE SOLAR SYSTEM Name the planets in their order from the sun. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 The asteroid belt is between and Which planet has the most moons? About how many?

More information

Nevada Department of Education Standards

Nevada Department of Education Standards How Big Is Jupiter? It s hard to imagine the size of Jupiter compared to the size of Pluto. Through this hands-on activity, students will use a scale model to easily visualize such hard to grasp concepts

More information

Related Standards and Background Information

Related Standards and Background Information Related Standards and Background Information Earth Patterns, Cycles and Changes This strand focuses on student understanding of patterns in nature, natural cycles, and changes that occur both quickly and

More information

Study Guide: Solar System

Study Guide: Solar System Study Guide: Solar System 1. How many planets are there in the solar system? 2. What is the correct order of all the planets in the solar system? 3. Where can a comet be located in the solar system? 4.

More information

Activity One: Activate Prior Knowledge: Powers of Ten Video and Explore the sizes of various objects in the solar system

Activity One: Activate Prior Knowledge: Powers of Ten Video and Explore the sizes of various objects in the solar system Scale in the Solar System ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ SIXTH GRADE SCIENCE STANDARDS: STANDARD FOUR Students will understand

More information

Our Solar System Unit of Work

Our Solar System Unit of Work Lesson 1: Introducing our Solar System Introduction In this lesson, students will be introduced to our Solar System. They will explore what it contains and use common items to create a scaled version of

More information

NOTES: GEORGIA HIGH SCHOOL SCIENCE TEST THE SOLAR SYSTEM

NOTES: GEORGIA HIGH SCHOOL SCIENCE TEST THE SOLAR SYSTEM NOTES: GEORGIA HIGH SCHOOL SCIENCE TEST THE SOLAR SYSTEM 1.What is a Solar system? A solar system consists of: * one central star, the Sun and * nine planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn,

More information

Our Planetary System. Earth, as viewed by the Voyager spacecraft. 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.

Our Planetary System. Earth, as viewed by the Voyager spacecraft. 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. Our Planetary System Earth, as viewed by the Voyager spacecraft 7.1 Studying the Solar System Our goals for learning: What does the solar system look like? What can we learn by comparing the planets to

More information

1 The Nine Planets. What are the parts of our solar system? When were the planets discovered? How do astronomers measure large distances?

1 The Nine Planets. What are the parts of our solar system? When were the planets discovered? How do astronomers measure large distances? CHAPTER 4 1 The Nine Planets SECTION A Family of Planets BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What are the parts of our solar system? When were the

More information

A Solar System Coloring Book

A Solar System Coloring Book A Solar System Coloring Book Courtesy of the Windows to the Universe Project http://www.windows2universe.org The Sun Size: The Sun is wider than 100 Earths. Temperature: ~27,000,000 F in the center, ~10,000

More information

Section II: Grades 3-4 Lessons

Section II: Grades 3-4 Lessons Section II: Grades 3-4 Lessons Lesson One: The Solar System Introduction: We live on planet Earth. Earth is just one member in a family of eight major planets. All of these planets orbit the Sun, which

More information

1 A Solar System Is Born

1 A Solar System Is Born CHAPTER 3 1 A Solar System Is Born SECTION Formation of the Solar System BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is a nebula? How did our solar system

More information

Our Solar System Students will travel through the solar system and learn how far apart the planets are and how they move through the solar system.

Our Solar System Students will travel through the solar system and learn how far apart the planets are and how they move through the solar system. Our Solar System Students will travel through the solar system and learn how far apart the planets are and how they move through the solar system. Grade Level: 2nd Objectives: Students will create a model

More information

Background Information Students will learn about the Solar System while practicing communication skills.

Background Information Students will learn about the Solar System while practicing communication skills. Teacher Information Background Information Students will learn about the Solar System while practicing communication skills. Materials clipboard for each student pencils copies of map and Available Destinations

More information

Chapter 7 Our Planetary System. What does the solar system look like? Thought Question How does the Earth-Sun distance compare with the Sun s radius

Chapter 7 Our Planetary System. What does the solar system look like? Thought Question How does the Earth-Sun distance compare with the Sun s radius Chapter 7 Our Planetary System 7.1 Studying the Solar System Our goals for learning:! What does the solar system look like?! What can we learn by comparing the planets to one another?! What are the major

More information

Gravity. in the Solar System. Beyond the Book. FOCUS Book

Gravity. in the Solar System. Beyond the Book. FOCUS Book FOCUS Book Design a test to find out whether Earth s gravity always pulls straight down. A pendulum is a weight that hangs from a string or rod that can swing back and forth. Use string and metal washers

More information

Names of Group Members:

Names of Group Members: Names of Group Members: Using telescopes and spacecraft, astronomers can collect information from objects too big or too far away to test and study in a lab. This is fortunate, because it turns out that

More information

Unit 8 Lesson 2 Gravity and the Solar System

Unit 8 Lesson 2 Gravity and the Solar System Unit 8 Lesson 2 Gravity and the Solar System Gravity What is gravity? Gravity is a force of attraction between objects that is due to their masses and the distances between them. Every object in the universe

More information

Name: Earth 110 Exploration of the Solar System Assignment 1: Celestial Motions and Forces Due in class Tuesday, Jan. 20, 2015

Name: Earth 110 Exploration of the Solar System Assignment 1: Celestial Motions and Forces Due in class Tuesday, Jan. 20, 2015 Name: Earth 110 Exploration of the Solar System Assignment 1: Celestial Motions and Forces Due in class Tuesday, Jan. 20, 2015 Why are celestial motions and forces important? They explain the world around

More information

1. Title: Relative Sizes and Distance in the Solar System: Introducing Powers of Ten

1. Title: Relative Sizes and Distance in the Solar System: Introducing Powers of Ten 1. Title: Relative Sizes and Distance in the Solar System: Introducing Powers of Ten Here we're going to learn how big the Sun is relative to the different types of planet in our Solar System and the huge

More information

Out of This World Classroom Activity

Out of This World Classroom Activity Out of This World Classroom Activity The Classroom Activity introduces students to the context of a performance task, so they are not disadvantaged in demonstrating the skills the task intends to assess.

More information

Asteroids. Earth. Asteroids. Earth Distance from sun: 149,600,000 kilometers (92,960,000 miles) Diameter: 12,756 kilometers (7,926 miles) dotted line

Asteroids. Earth. Asteroids. Earth Distance from sun: 149,600,000 kilometers (92,960,000 miles) Diameter: 12,756 kilometers (7,926 miles) dotted line Image taken by NASA Asteroids About 6,000 asteroids have been discovered; several hundred more are found each year. There are likely hundreds of thousands more that are too small to be seen from Earth.

More information

DESCRIPTION ACADEMIC STANDARDS INSTRUCTIONAL GOALS VOCABULARY BEFORE SHOWING. Subject Area: Science

DESCRIPTION ACADEMIC STANDARDS INSTRUCTIONAL GOALS VOCABULARY BEFORE SHOWING. Subject Area: Science DESCRIPTION Host Tom Selleck conducts a stellar tour of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto--the outer planets of Earth's solar system. Information from the Voyager space probes plus computer models

More information

The Main Point. Lecture #34: Solar System Origin II. Chemical Condensation ( Lewis ) Model. How did the solar system form? Reading: Chapter 8.

The Main Point. Lecture #34: Solar System Origin II. Chemical Condensation ( Lewis ) Model. How did the solar system form? Reading: Chapter 8. Lecture #34: Solar System Origin II How did the solar system form? Chemical Condensation ("Lewis") Model. Formation of the Terrestrial Planets. Formation of the Giant Planets. Planetary Evolution. Reading:

More information

The Solar System: Cosmic encounter with Pluto

The Solar System: Cosmic encounter with Pluto Earth and Space Sciences The Solar System: Cosmic encounter with Pluto The size and nature of our Solar System is truly awe inspiring, and things are going to get even more exciting once the New Horizons

More information

The Solar System. A Collaborative Science Activity for Key Stage 2. Teacher s Notes. Procedure

The Solar System. A Collaborative Science Activity for Key Stage 2. Teacher s Notes. Procedure The Solar System A Collaborative Science Activity for Key Stage 2 Teacher s Notes This material links reading and oral skills. The text is divided into three parts so that pupils have the task of collecting

More information

Science 9 Worksheet 13-1 The Solar System

Science 9 Worksheet 13-1 The Solar System Name Date Due Date Science 9 Read pages 264-287 of SP to help you answer the following questions: Also, go to a school computer connected to the internet. Go to Mr. Colgur s Webpage at http://sd67.bc.ca/teachers/dcolgur

More information

RETURN TO THE MOON. Lesson Plan

RETURN TO THE MOON. Lesson Plan RETURN TO THE MOON Lesson Plan INSTRUCTIONS FOR TEACHERS Grade Level: 9-12 Curriculum Links: Earth and Space (SNC 1D: D2.1, D2.2, D2.3, D2.4) Group Size: Groups of 2-4 students Preparation time: 1 hour

More information

Group Leader: Group Members:

Group Leader: Group Members: THE SOLAR SYSTEM PROJECT: TOPIC: THE SUN Required Project Content for an Oral/Poster Presentation on THE SUN - What it s made of - Age and how it formed (provide pictures or diagrams) - What is an AU?

More information

Chapter 7 Our Planetary System. Agenda. Intro Astronomy. Intro Astronomy. What does the solar system look like? A. General Basics

Chapter 7 Our Planetary System. Agenda. Intro Astronomy. Intro Astronomy. What does the solar system look like? A. General Basics Chapter 7 Our Planetary System Agenda Pass back & discuss Test 2 Where we are (at) Ch. 7 Our Planetary System Finish Einstein s Big Idea Earth, as viewed by the Voyager spacecraft A. General Basics Intro

More information

Lecture 12: The Solar System Briefly

Lecture 12: The Solar System Briefly Lecture 12: The Solar System Briefly Formation of the Moonhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WpOKztEiMqo&feature =related Formation of our Solar System Conservation of Angular Momentum Why are the larger,

More information

SECOND GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

SECOND GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES SECOND GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES UNIVERSE CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SECOND GRADE UNIVERSE WEEK 1. PRE: Discovering stars. LAB: Analyzing the geometric pattern of constellations. POST: Exploring

More information

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Science Grade 6. Unit Organizer: UNIVERSE AND SOLAR SYSTEM (Approximate Time 3 Weeks)

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Science Grade 6. Unit Organizer: UNIVERSE AND SOLAR SYSTEM (Approximate Time 3 Weeks) The following instructional plan is part of a GaDOE collection of Unit Frameworks, Performance Tasks, examples of Student Work, and Teacher Commentary. Many more GaDOE approved instructional plans are

More information

CLIL MODULE: THE SOLAR SYSTEM.

CLIL MODULE: THE SOLAR SYSTEM. CLIL MODULE: THE SOLAR SYSTEM http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hdjl8wxjlgi&nr=1 Tibaldi Elena Vittoria Docente di Scienze Naturali Biology - IB Program XXI Century Science Cambridge IGCSE Liceo Vittoria

More information

Our Solar System Scavenger Hunt Activity

Our Solar System Scavenger Hunt Activity Name: Our Activity Materials: Question worksheet (pages 2-3) 16 Cards (pages 4-8) Tape and Scissors Preparation: Print the fact cards on card stock or brightly-colored paper and cut them out. Make copies

More information

The Solar System. Unit 4 covers the following framework standards: ES 10 and PS 11. Content was adapted the following:

The Solar System. Unit 4 covers the following framework standards: ES 10 and PS 11. Content was adapted the following: Unit 4 The Solar System Chapter 7 ~ The History of the Solar System o Section 1 ~ The Formation of the Solar System o Section 2 ~ Observing the Solar System Chapter 8 ~ The Parts the Solar System o Section

More information

Copyright 2006, Astronomical Society of the Pacific

Copyright 2006, Astronomical Society of the Pacific 2 1 3 4 Diameter: 590 miles (950 km) Distance to Sun: 257 million miles (414 million km) Orbits: # 18 Composition: Outer layer probably ice and frozen ammonia, no Diameter: 750 miles (1200 km) Distance

More information

Voyage: A Journey through our Solar System. Grades 9-12. Lesson 2: The Voyage Scale Model Solar System

Voyage: A Journey through our Solar System. Grades 9-12. Lesson 2: The Voyage Scale Model Solar System Voyage: A Journey through our Solar System Grades 9-12 Lesson 2: The Voyage Scale Model Solar System On October 17, 2001, a one to ten billion scale model of the Solar System was permanently installed

More information

Gravity? Depends on Where You Are!

Gravity? Depends on Where You Are! Gravity? Depends on Where You Are! Overview Gravity is one of the fundamental concepts of Physics. It is an abstract concept that benefits from activities that help illustrate it. This lesson plan involves

More information

Toilet Paper Solar System

Toilet Paper Solar System LEADER INSTRUCTIONS Toilet Paper Solar System Adapted by Suzanne Chippindale Based on an idea by the late Gerald Mallon, a planetarium educator who spent his life helping students understand the Universe.

More information

Chapter 12 Asteroids, Comets, and Dwarf Planets. Asteroid Facts. What are asteroids like? Asteroids with Moons. 12.1 Asteroids and Meteorites

Chapter 12 Asteroids, Comets, and Dwarf Planets. Asteroid Facts. What are asteroids like? Asteroids with Moons. 12.1 Asteroids and Meteorites Chapter 12 Asteroids, Comets, and Dwarf Planets Their Nature, Orbits, and Impacts What are asteroids like? 12.1 Asteroids and Meteorites Our goals for learning:! What are asteroids like?! Why is there

More information

Meet Our Solar System

Meet Our Solar System activity 11 Meet Our Solar System BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN Grade 4 Quarter 2 Activity 11 SC.E.1.2.3 The student knows that the Sun is a star and that its energy can be captured

More information

Solar System. 1. The diagram below represents a simple geocentric model. Which object is represented by the letter X?

Solar System. 1. The diagram below represents a simple geocentric model. Which object is represented by the letter X? Solar System 1. The diagram below represents a simple geocentric model. Which object is represented by the letter X? A) Earth B) Sun C) Moon D) Polaris 2. Which object orbits Earth in both the Earth-centered

More information

Other Citizens of the Solar System

Other Citizens of the Solar System Other Citizens of the Solar System Astronomers study the stars in the sky. They try to find new things. In 1913, Percival Lowell found a new dot of light. It was very far away. It was tiny. It was hard

More information

Chapter 9 Asteroids, Comets, and Dwarf Planets. Their Nature, Orbits, and Impacts

Chapter 9 Asteroids, Comets, and Dwarf Planets. Their Nature, Orbits, and Impacts Chapter 9 Asteroids, Comets, and Dwarf Planets Their Nature, Orbits, and Impacts Asteroid Facts Asteroids are rocky leftovers of planet formation. The largest is Ceres, diameter ~1,000 km. There are 150,000

More information

Exploring Our Solar System Teacher s Guide

Exploring Our Solar System Teacher s Guide Northern Stars Planetarium 15 Western Ave., Fairfield, ME 04937 (207) 453-7668 Page 1 Exploring Our Solar System Teacher s Guide Exploring Our Solar System is a planetarium program that explores the latest

More information

Motion and Gravity in Space

Motion and Gravity in Space Motion and Gravity in Space Each planet spins on its axis. The spinning of a body, such a planet, on its axis is called rotation. The orbit is the path that a body follows as it travels around another

More information

Lecture 13. Gravity in the Solar System

Lecture 13. Gravity in the Solar System Lecture 13 Gravity in the Solar System Guiding Questions 1. How was the heliocentric model established? What are monumental steps in the history of the heliocentric model? 2. How do Kepler s three laws

More information

Vocabulary - Understanding Revolution in. our Solar System

Vocabulary - Understanding Revolution in. our Solar System Vocabulary - Understanding Revolution in Universe Galaxy Solar system Planet Moon Comet Asteroid Meteor(ite) Heliocentric Geocentric Satellite Terrestrial planets Jovian (gas) planets Gravity our Solar

More information

x Distance of the Sun to planet --------------------------------------------------------------------

x Distance of the Sun to planet -------------------------------------------------------------------- Solar System Investigation 26C 26C Solar System How big is the solar system? It is difficult to comprehend great distances. For example, how great a distance is 140,000 kilometers (the diameter of Jupiter)

More information

Jr. Edition. Solar System. Trading Cards. Solar System Trading Cards, Jr. Edition. Learn more about the solar system on these websites:

Jr. Edition. Solar System. Trading Cards. Solar System Trading Cards, Jr. Edition. Learn more about the solar system on these websites: Solar System Trading Cards, Jr. Edition To use these cards: Print out onto card stock or heavy paper. Cut out and fold in half along dotted line; glue or tape each card together. FOLD National Aeronautics

More information

THE SOLAR SYSTEM. Worksheets UNIT 1. Raül Martínez Verdún

THE SOLAR SYSTEM. Worksheets UNIT 1. Raül Martínez Verdún Worksheets UNIT 1 October-December 2009 NAME: DATE: Worksheet 1A Cut out these 9 circles and then order them from the smallest to the biggest. NAME: DATE: Worksheet 1B NAME: DATE: Worksheet 2 Read the

More information

Chapter 7 Reading Quiz Clickers. The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition. Our Planetary System Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 7 Reading Quiz Clickers. The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition. Our Planetary System Pearson Education, Inc. Reading Quiz Clickers The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition Our Planetary System 7.1 Studying the Solar System What does the solar system look like? What can we learn by comparing the planets to one another?

More information

Outdoor Exploration Guide. A Journey Through Our Solar System. A Journey Through Our Solar System

Outdoor Exploration Guide. A Journey Through Our Solar System. A Journey Through Our Solar System Outdoor Exploration Guide A Journey Through Our Solar System A Journey Through Our Solar System The Solar System Imagine that you are an explorer investigating the solar system. It s a big job, but in

More information

Voyage: A Journey Through Our Solar System. Grades K-12. Voyage!

Voyage: A Journey Through Our Solar System. Grades K-12. Voyage! Voyage: A Journey Through Our Solar System Grades K-12 Voyage! On a visit to the National Mall in Washington, DC, one can see monuments of a nation Memorials to Lincoln, Jefferson, and WWII, the Vietnam

More information

Earth Is Not the Center of the Universe

Earth Is Not the Center of the Universe Earth Is Not the Center of the Universe Source: Utah State Office of Education Introduction Have you ever looked up at the night sky and wondered about all the pinpoint lights? People through the ages

More information

The University of Texas at Austin. Gravity and Orbits

The University of Texas at Austin. Gravity and Orbits UTeach Outreach The University of Texas at Austin Gravity and Orbits Time of Lesson: 60-75 minutes Content Standards Addressed in Lesson: TEKS6.11B understand that gravity is the force that governs the

More information

Solar System Facts & Fun

Solar System Facts & Fun Solar System Facts & Fun Space is such a fascinating place. God put the Earth in just the right place so everything was just right for life as we know it. Have you ever wondered about the other planets

More information

4 HOW OUR SOLAR SYSTEM FORMED 890L

4 HOW OUR SOLAR SYSTEM FORMED 890L 4 HOW OUR SOLAR SYSTEM FORMED 890L HOW OUR SOLAR SYSTEM FORMED A CLOSE LOOK AT THE PLANETS ORBITING OUR SUN By Cynthia Stokes Brown, adapted by Newsela Planets are born from the clouds of gas and dust

More information

Chapter 6: Our Solar System and Its Origin

Chapter 6: Our Solar System and Its Origin Chapter 6: Our Solar System and Its Origin What does our solar system look like? The planets are tiny compared to the distances between them (a million times smaller than shown here), but they exhibit

More information

Prerequisites An elementary understanding of the Solar System is especially helpful. Students need to be able to use conversions

Prerequisites An elementary understanding of the Solar System is especially helpful. Students need to be able to use conversions Teacher s Guide Getting Started Diane R. Murray Manhattanville College Purpose In this two-day lesson, students will create several scale models of the Solar System using everyday items. Open with discussing

More information

Teaching How Scientists Use Models with. What Makes Up Most of the Solar System? Using Models

Teaching How Scientists Use Models with. What Makes Up Most of the Solar System? Using Models National Aeronautics and Space Administration Teaching How Scientists Use Models with What Makes Up Most of the Solar System? Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts Literacy in Science &

More information

Solar System Stroll. Background. Procedure. Student Page. Student Name:

Solar System Stroll. Background. Procedure. Student Page. Student Name: Student Page Solar System Stroll Version 2.1, 3/27/00 1 Background It is a challenge to visualize the relative sizes of the planets, much less how far apart they are in space. This is in large part due

More information

Once in a Blue Moon (Number Systems and Number Theory)

Once in a Blue Moon (Number Systems and Number Theory) The Middle School Math Project Once in a Blue Moon (Number Systems and Number Theory) Objective Students will use number theory skills to investigate when certain planets are aligned. Overview of the Lesson

More information

Geol 116 The Planet Class 7-1 Feb 28, 2005. Exercise 1, Calculate the escape velocities of the nine planets in the solar system

Geol 116 The Planet Class 7-1 Feb 28, 2005. Exercise 1, Calculate the escape velocities of the nine planets in the solar system Exercises/Discussions Atmospheric Composition: Escape Velocities and Surface Temperature Objectives Escape velocity and the mass and size of a planetary body The effect of escape velocity and surface temperature

More information

Chapter 1: Our Place in the Universe. 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Addison-Wesley

Chapter 1: Our Place in the Universe. 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Addison-Wesley Chapter 1: Our Place in the Universe Topics Our modern view of the universe The scale of the universe Cinema graphic tour of the local universe Spaceship earth 1.1 A Modern View of the Universe Our goals

More information

Welcome to Class 4: Our Solar System (and a bit of cosmology at the start) Remember: sit only in the first 10 rows of the room

Welcome to Class 4: Our Solar System (and a bit of cosmology at the start) Remember: sit only in the first 10 rows of the room Welcome to Class 4: Our Solar System (and a bit of cosmology at the start) Remember: sit only in the first 10 rows of the room What is the difference between dark ENERGY and dark MATTER? Is Earth unique,

More information

Lesson 3 Understanding Distance in Space (optional)

Lesson 3 Understanding Distance in Space (optional) Lesson 3 Understanding Distance in Space (optional) Background The distance between objects in space is vast and very difficult for most children to grasp. The values for these distances are cumbersome

More information

Look at Our Galaxy. by Eve Beck. Space and Technology. Scott Foresman Reading Street 2.1.2

Look at Our Galaxy. by Eve Beck. Space and Technology. Scott Foresman Reading Street 2.1.2 Suggested levels for Guided Reading, DRA, Lexile, and Reading Recovery are provided in the Pearson Scott Foresman Leveling Guide. Space and Technology Look at Our Galaxy Genre Expository nonfiction Comprehension

More information

ASTR 115: Introduction to Astronomy. Stephen Kane

ASTR 115: Introduction to Astronomy. Stephen Kane ASTR 115: Introduction to Astronomy Stephen Kane ASTR 115: The Second Mid-Term Exam What will be covered? - Everything from chapters 6-10 of the textbook. What will be the format of the exam? - It will

More information

4 HOW OUR SOLAR SYSTEM FORMED 1020L

4 HOW OUR SOLAR SYSTEM FORMED 1020L 4 HOW OUR SOLAR SYSTEM FORMED 1020L HOW OUR SOLAR SYSTEM FORMED A CLOSE LOOK AT THE PLANETS ORBITING OUR SUN By Cynthia Stokes Brown, adapted by Newsela Planets are born from the clouds of gas and dust

More information

Solar System Fundamentals. What is a Planet? Planetary orbits Planetary temperatures Planetary Atmospheres Origin of the Solar System

Solar System Fundamentals. What is a Planet? Planetary orbits Planetary temperatures Planetary Atmospheres Origin of the Solar System Solar System Fundamentals What is a Planet? Planetary orbits Planetary temperatures Planetary Atmospheres Origin of the Solar System Properties of Planets What is a planet? Defined finally in August 2006!

More information

7. Our Solar System. Planetary Orbits to Scale. The Eight Planetary Orbits

7. Our Solar System. Planetary Orbits to Scale. The Eight Planetary Orbits 7. Our Solar System Terrestrial & Jovian planets Seven large satellites [moons] Chemical composition of the planets Asteroids & comets The Terrestrial & Jovian Planets Four small terrestrial planets Like

More information

galaxy solar system supernova (noun) (noun) (noun)

galaxy solar system supernova (noun) (noun) (noun) WORDS IN CONTEXT DAY 1 (Page 1 of 4) galaxy A galaxy is a collection of stars, gas, and dust. We live in the Milky Way galaxy. One galaxy may contain billions of stars. solar system A solar system revolves

More information

APS Science Curriculum Unit Planner

APS Science Curriculum Unit Planner APS Science Curriculum Unit Planner Grade Level/Topic Science 6 Earth/Space Interrelationships Stage 1: Desired Results Enduring Understanding Our solar system is made up of many different bodies in relationship

More information

Astronomy Notes for Educators

Astronomy Notes for Educators Our Solar System Astronomy Notes for Educators Our Solar System 5-1 5-2 Specific Outcomes: Learning Outcome 1: Knowledge / Content and it place in the Milky Way Different types of bodies make up the Solar

More information

The Formation of Planetary Systems. Astronomy 1-1 Lecture 20-1

The Formation of Planetary Systems. Astronomy 1-1 Lecture 20-1 The Formation of Planetary Systems Astronomy 1-1 Lecture 20-1 Modeling Planet Formation Any model for solar system and planet formation must explain 1. Planets are relatively isolated in space 2. Planetary

More information

The Layout of the Solar System

The Layout of the Solar System The Layout of the Solar System Planets fall into two main categories Terrestrial (i.e. Earth-like) Jovian (i.e. Jupiter-like or gaseous) [~5000 kg/m 3 ] [~1300 kg/m 3 ] What is density? Average density

More information

Solar System. Trading Cards. Solar System Trading Cards, Jr. Edition. Learn more about the solar system on these Web sites:

Solar System. Trading Cards. Solar System Trading Cards, Jr. Edition. Learn more about the solar system on these Web sites: Solar System Trading Cards, Jr. Edition To use these cards: Print out onto card stock or heavy paper. Cut out and fold in half along dotted line; glue or tape each card together. FOLD National Aeronautics

More information

Please be sure to save a copy of this activity to your computer!

Please be sure to save a copy of this activity to your computer! Thank you for your purchase Please be sure to save a copy of this activity to your computer! This activity is copyrighted by AIMS Education Foundation. All rights reserved. No part of this work may be

More information

Cosmic Journey: A Solar System Adventure General Information

Cosmic Journey: A Solar System Adventure General Information Cosmic Journey: A Solar System Adventure General Information Imagine it a huge spiral galaxy containing hundreds of billions of stars, spiraling out from a galactic center. Nestled deep within one of the

More information

Summary: Four Major Features of our Solar System

Summary: Four Major Features of our Solar System Summary: Four Major Features of our Solar System How did the solar system form? According to the nebular theory, our solar system formed from the gravitational collapse of a giant cloud of interstellar

More information

Astronomy Club of Asheville October 2015 Sky Events

Astronomy Club of Asheville October 2015 Sky Events October 2015 Sky Events The Planets this Month - page 2 Planet Highlights - page 10 Moon Phases - page 13 Orionid Meteor Shower Peaks Oct. 22 nd - page 14 Observe the Zodiacal Light - page 15 2 Bright

More information

Earth in the Solar System

Earth in the Solar System Copyright 2011 Study Island - All rights reserved. Directions: Challenge yourself! Print out the quiz or get a pen/pencil and paper and record your answers to the questions below. Check your answers with

More information

Voyage: A Journey through our Solar System. Grades 3-4. Lesson 2: Designing a Scale Model of the Solar System

Voyage: A Journey through our Solar System. Grades 3-4. Lesson 2: Designing a Scale Model of the Solar System Voyage: A Journey through our Solar System Grades 3-4 Lesson 2: Designing a Scale Model of the Solar System On October 17, 2001, a one to ten billion scale model of the Solar System was permanently installed

More information