HONEY, I SHRUNK THE SOLAR SYSTEM

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "HONEY, I SHRUNK THE SOLAR SYSTEM"

Transcription

1 OVERVIEW HONEY, I SHRUNK THE SOLAR SYSTEM MODIFIED VERSION OF A SOLAR SYSTEM SCALE MODEL ACTIVITY FROM UNDERSTANDING SCIENCE LESSONS Students will construct a scale model of the solar system using a fitness ball to represent the sun. They will calculate the appropriate diameter of the scale model planets and their distances from the sun. They will then make models of the planets out of clay and set up the model over a distance of approximately 1.7 km (not including Pluto) or 2.2 km (if including Pluto). If you do not have 1.7 km to walk with your students, there are two alternatives: Measure the longest distance they can use on the school grounds and use this to set their scale for planetary distances. You will then need to use a different scale for the planets' sizes. Students can walk the distance of Saturn (0.5 km or 0.3 mile). Use a large picture of the school and area from Google maps satellite view and mark the points where each outer planet would go. Grade span: 6-8 OBJECTIVES The students will be introduced to parallax and how it can be used to find planetary distances. Determine the distance to the object by sighting a distant object from 2 different locations and knowing the distance between those locations. Create a scale model of our solar system that includes distance from the Sun and the diameter of the planets. Use ratio and proportion to compare the size of the scale model solar system to the actual size of our solar system. Describe the parts of our solar system in terms of size, distance, and location. Match appropriate units with given situations and convert units within a system of measurement (kilometers and Astronomical Units).

2 MATERIALS For the Teacher: Dry Erase Markers, or Viscam Camera Masking Tape Fitness ball ( 53 cm in diameter ) For Each Group: Planetary Data Sheet Graph paper Activity Page Pencils Ruler Measuring Tape Protractor Air-Dry Clay Calculator Index Cards Toothpicks Time: Part I 30 min; Part II 60 min; Part III 30 min TEACHER BACKGROUND ON THE SOLAR SYSTEM Our solar system consists of a star, our sun, and 8 planets. Pluto was considered a planet until 2006 when the International Astronomical Union reclassified it as a "dwarf planet". For the purposes of this activity, we've included Pluto, but you can refer to it as a dwarf planet. The planets are (in order, from the Sun, outward): Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. A new mnemonic used to remember the planets in order is, "My Very Educated Mother Just Served Us Nachos." The solar system consists of eight planets orbiting around one star: the Sun. Neptune, the farthest planet from the Sun, orbits at approximately 30 astronomical units (AU) from the Sun. An astronomical unit is a unit of length used by astronomers. One astronomical unit equals the average distance from Earth to the Sun about 93 million miles (150 million km). The solar system also includes the Kuiper Belt, a comet-rich area that begins near Neptune's orbit and stretches far beyond it, to about 50 AU from the Sun. Part of Pluto's elliptical orbit extends far into the Kuiper Belt. Beyond Pluto's orbit is another region of icy objects in our solar system, called the Oort Cloud, which extends approximately 50,000 AU from the Sun. In addition, there is an asteroid belt that lies in the zone between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.

3 PART I PROCEDURE: PARALLAX METHOD 1. Place the fitness ball in the middle row on the front desk just at eye level for your students while seated. Place an X mark on the board directly in front of the fitness ball also at eye level. Any students sitting in the same row as the fitness ball should be able to see the ball but not the X. 2. Ask the student in the back of the row furthest right to describe how they see the ball in relation to the X. They should say something like the ball is on the left and the X is on the right. Make a quick sketch on the board. Ask the student at the back of the middle row and the student at the back of the row furthest left to also describe what they see. Make a quick sketch of both of their views. 3. Explain that scientists describe this apparent shift as a parallax shift or just parallax for short. We often experience this in everyday life. Move the ball out of the way and have each student close their left eye, extend one arm, and cover the X mark with their thumb. Once the X is covered have the students open the left eye and close the right. The thumb will appear to move back and forth due to parallax. Parallax allows the brain to see two slightly different images (one from each eye) and combine them to produce a 3D image. 4. When astronomers measure the parallax of an object and know the separation between the two positions from which it is observed, they can calculate the distance to the object. Using observations on Earth separated by thousands of miles -- like looking through two eyes that are very far apart -- parallax measurements can reveal the great distances to planets. 5. Place the ball on the front desk. Ask the students to determine the distance to the ball. Mark two places, A and B, for instance by using masking tape. The points A and B, together with the ball at point C, form a triangle. Ask the students to measure the distance AB with the tape measure. 6. Ask the student to stand at point A and measure angle BAC, and then move to point B and measure angle ABC. 7. Then ask the students to draw a scale model of their measurements. The students will use their ruler and the scale, to calculate the distance from the baseline to the ball. 8. Ask students to compare the actual distance and the distance determined in Step 7. Discuss some possible sources of error.

4 PART II PROCEDURE: CLAY MODEL 1. Ask students "Why do we build models?" to generate discussion of models. 2. Then ask the students to name the planets on our solar system. Write the names up on the board in the correct order from the sun. Ask them how big the planets are and how far away they are. After some struggle with this, offer up the solution of building a model to help. 3. Show them the fitness ball and ask them how big each of the planets would be if the sun was the size of the fitness ball. Ask for a few volunteers to come up to the board and draw and label each of the planets compared to the fitness ball. 4. When this drawing of the solar system is complete, ask students how far apart each of these planets would be if the sun were a fitness ball. Would they fit in this room? Would they fit in the school? Write up some of their guesses about the size of the solar system on the board and make sure you can keep the answers there until the activity is completed. 5. The class needs to figure out what their scaling factor will be for the solar system if the fitness ball is going to represent the sun. Explain that you will need to measure the fitness ball and compare it to the real diameter of the sun. Then you can determine how many km each cm of the fitness ball represents. Ask for a couple of volunteers to measure the fitness ball. 6. Show students the measurements in the Planet Data Sheet table in the "Materials" section. Do the scaling factor calculation by dividing the actual diameter of the sun by the diameter of the fitness ball. Explain that the answer represents the number of km in every cm of your model. 7. Explain that we will use this scaling factor to figure out the sizes and distance from the sun of all the planets in our model. Demonstrate how to use the scaling factor to determine the diameter and distance from the sun of a hypothetical planet (so that you leave the real planets for the students. 8. Pass out clay, index cards, and ruler to each group. Instruct them to label the 8 index cards with the names of the 8 planets and to make a model of their planets with the correct diameter out of the clay. 9. When all the planets are represented, have the whole class take a look at their model. Refer back to their drawings on the board from Step 2. Ask the class, "What can we learn from this model? Take this opportunity to discuss the value of models in science. NOTE: If you are unable to walk the distances of this model solar system or to use Google maps to place them on a map, you can stop here and simply make these clay models into a mobile or other permanent display.

5 PART III PROCEDURE: PLANETARY DISTANCES 1. After this brief discussion, announce that you need to complete the model by placing the planets at the correct distances from the sun. Ask students to give you the model distances they calculated. They will be in AU, which will be difficult for students to imagine. Take Mercury as an example and convert it into something the students will have a better feel for, like feet or meters. Ask students how far away this distance is. In the classroom? Outside? If outside, where? How far from the classroom? 2. Have the students count how many paces it takes for them to walk a distance of 2 meters on a marked practice area. You can then tell them the multiplying factor to reach Mercury and do this for each planet. For example, if Mercury is going to be 22 meters away and they measured their pace for 2 meters, they will need to multiply their pace by 11 to find how many paces to take. 3. The total distance of the model will be roughly 1.7km, so you need a wide, open space you can walk this distance and leave the clay planets. Have the student count their paces from the start (where you've left the fitness ball sun) to each planet. At Mercury's distance you'll leave the planet on the toothpick and continue to the next planet. Continue from there, leaving each clay planet at its appropriate distance. 4. When you reach the end, have students look back and try to see the sun and each planet. Have a parent volunteer or teaching assistant stay at each place and then hold up the sun and each planet so that everyone can get a good look at the model. They will not be able to see most of the planets. You can add in that if we included Pluto, it would be 2.2km away from the sun. 5. Return to the classroom, take a second look at the distances from Step 4 in Part II. Ask students again what they learned from this model. Point out again that models are useful in this way in science. Sometimes scientists construct scale models to: study particular aspects of a complex system build a basic understanding of a system narrow one's focus and/or eliminate possibilities gain a more intuitive understanding of a system figure out what questions to ask about a complex system or problem help us visualize systems that are too large or too small to see Reflection: Ask students to reflect on this activity and the use of models in science: How did building the model of the solar system change the way they visualize the solar system? What additions or changes would they make to the model if they could do it again? What other models have they seen or used?

6 PLANET DATA SHEET INNER PLANETS Planet Mercury Venus Earth Mars Distance from Sun km 58,000,000 km 108,000,000 km 150,000,000 km 228,000,000 km Distance from Sun in AU Scale Distance in cm Diameter in km 4,878 km 12,104 km 12,755 km 6,790 km Scale Diameter in cm Avg. Surface Temperature

7 PLANET DATA SHEET OUTER PLANETS Planet Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Pluto Distance from Sun km 778,000,000 km 1,429,000,000 km 2,875,000,000 km 4,504,000,000 km 5,900,000,000 km Distance from Sun in AU Scale Distance in cm Diameter in km 142,796 km 120,660 km 51,118 km 49,528 km 2,300 km Scale Diameter in cm Avg. Surface Temp In August 2006, Pluto was reclassified as a dwarf planet.

A.4 The Solar System Scale Model

A.4 The Solar System Scale Model CHAPTER A. LABORATORY EXPERIMENTS 25 Name: Section: Date: A.4 The Solar System Scale Model I. Introduction Our solar system is inhabited by a variety of objects, ranging from a small rocky asteroid only

More information

1. Title: Relative Sizes and Distance in the Solar System: Introducing Powers of Ten

1. Title: Relative Sizes and Distance in the Solar System: Introducing Powers of Ten 1. Title: Relative Sizes and Distance in the Solar System: Introducing Powers of Ten Here we're going to learn how big the Sun is relative to the different types of planet in our Solar System and the huge

More information

Pocket Solar System. Make a Scale Model of the Distances in our Solar System

Pocket Solar System. Make a Scale Model of the Distances in our Solar System Pocket Solar System Make a Scale Model of the Distances in our Solar System About the Activity Using a strip of paper, construct a quick scale model of the distances between the orbits of the planets,

More information

Background Information Students will learn about the Solar System while practicing communication skills.

Background Information Students will learn about the Solar System while practicing communication skills. Teacher Information Background Information Students will learn about the Solar System while practicing communication skills. Materials clipboard for each student pencils copies of map and Available Destinations

More information

Out of This World Classroom Activity

Out of This World Classroom Activity Out of This World Classroom Activity The Classroom Activity introduces students to the context of a performance task, so they are not disadvantaged in demonstrating the skills the task intends to assess.

More information

Scientists often deal with

Scientists often deal with Solar System in the Hallway by Malonne Davies, Linda Landis, and Arthur Landis Scientists often deal with extreme numbers, both large and small. The Earth, 12,756,000 m in diameter, has a mass of 5,973,

More information

Activity One: Activate Prior Knowledge: Powers of Ten Video and Explore the sizes of various objects in the solar system

Activity One: Activate Prior Knowledge: Powers of Ten Video and Explore the sizes of various objects in the solar system Scale in the Solar System ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ SIXTH GRADE SCIENCE STANDARDS: STANDARD FOUR Students will understand

More information

7 Scale Model of the Solar System

7 Scale Model of the Solar System Name: Date: 7 Scale Model of the Solar System 7.1 Introduction The Solar System is large, at least when compared to distances we are familiar with on a day-to-day basis. Consider that for those of you

More information

x Distance of the Sun to planet --------------------------------------------------------------------

x Distance of the Sun to planet -------------------------------------------------------------------- Solar System Investigation 26C 26C Solar System How big is the solar system? It is difficult to comprehend great distances. For example, how great a distance is 140,000 kilometers (the diameter of Jupiter)

More information

NOTES: GEORGIA HIGH SCHOOL SCIENCE TEST THE SOLAR SYSTEM

NOTES: GEORGIA HIGH SCHOOL SCIENCE TEST THE SOLAR SYSTEM NOTES: GEORGIA HIGH SCHOOL SCIENCE TEST THE SOLAR SYSTEM 1.What is a Solar system? A solar system consists of: * one central star, the Sun and * nine planets: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn,

More information

UC Irvine FOCUS! 5 E Lesson Plan

UC Irvine FOCUS! 5 E Lesson Plan UC Irvine FOCUS! 5 E Lesson Plan Title: Astronomical Units and The Solar System Grade Level and Course: 8th grade Physical Science Materials: Visual introduction for solar system (slides, video, posters,

More information

Toilet Paper Solar System

Toilet Paper Solar System LEADER INSTRUCTIONS Toilet Paper Solar System Adapted by Suzanne Chippindale Based on an idea by the late Gerald Mallon, a planetarium educator who spent his life helping students understand the Universe.

More information

A SOLAR SYSTEM COLORING BOOK

A SOLAR SYSTEM COLORING BOOK A SOLAR SYSTEM COLORING BOOK Brought to you by: THE SUN Size: The Sun is wider than 100 Earths. 1 Temperature: 27,000,000 F in the center, 10,000 F at the surface. So that s REALLY hot anywhere on the

More information

Nevada Department of Education Standards

Nevada Department of Education Standards How Big Is Jupiter? It s hard to imagine the size of Jupiter compared to the size of Pluto. Through this hands-on activity, students will use a scale model to easily visualize such hard to grasp concepts

More information

NASA Explorer Schools Pre-Algebra Unit Lesson 2 Student Workbook. Solar System Math. Comparing Mass, Gravity, Composition, & Density

NASA Explorer Schools Pre-Algebra Unit Lesson 2 Student Workbook. Solar System Math. Comparing Mass, Gravity, Composition, & Density National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA Explorer Schools Pre-Algebra Unit Lesson 2 Student Workbook Solar System Math Comparing Mass, Gravity, Composition, & Density What interval of values

More information

Introduction to the Solar System

Introduction to the Solar System Introduction to the Solar System Lesson Objectives Describe some early ideas about our solar system. Name the planets, and describe their motion around the Sun. Explain how the solar system formed. Introduction

More information

A Solar System Coloring Book

A Solar System Coloring Book A Solar System Coloring Book Courtesy of the Windows to the Universe Project http://www.windows2universe.org The Sun Size: The Sun is wider than 100 Earths. Temperature: ~27,000,000 F in the center, ~10,000

More information

Building Models to Scale

Building Models to Scale Day Laboratory - 1 Building Models to Scale Introduction Can you picture the dimensions of the solar system? Probably not. The sizes and distances involved are so great that the mind tends to give up,

More information

How Big is our Solar System?

How Big is our Solar System? Name: School: Grade or Level: Lesson Plan #: Date: Abstract How Big is our Solar System? How big is the Earth? When it comes to the solar system, the earth is just a small part of a much larger system

More information

Planets and Dwarf Planets by Shauna Hutton

Planets and Dwarf Planets by Shauna Hutton Name: Wow! Technology has improved so well in the last several years that we keep finding more and more objects in our solar system! Because of this, scientists have had to come up with new categories

More information

Solar System Math Comparing Size and Distance

Solar System Math Comparing Size and Distance National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA Explorer Schools Pre-Algebra Unit Lesson 1 Student Workbook ANSWER GUIDE Solar System Math Comparing Size and Distance What are the parts of the solar

More information

Chapter 25.1: Models of our Solar System

Chapter 25.1: Models of our Solar System Chapter 25.1: Models of our Solar System Objectives: Compare & Contrast geocentric and heliocentric models of the solar sytem. Describe the orbits of planets explain how gravity and inertia keep the planets

More information

Voyage: A Journey through our Solar System. Grades 9-12. Lesson 2: The Voyage Scale Model Solar System

Voyage: A Journey through our Solar System. Grades 9-12. Lesson 2: The Voyage Scale Model Solar System Voyage: A Journey through our Solar System Grades 9-12 Lesson 2: The Voyage Scale Model Solar System On October 17, 2001, a one to ten billion scale model of the Solar System was permanently installed

More information

The Solar System. Source http://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/starchild/solar_system_level1/solar_system.html

The Solar System. Source http://starchild.gsfc.nasa.gov/docs/starchild/solar_system_level1/solar_system.html The Solar System What is the solar system? It is our Sun and everything that travels around it. Our solar system is elliptical in shape. That means it is shaped like an egg. Earth s orbit is nearly circular.

More information

Astronomy Notes for Educators

Astronomy Notes for Educators Our Solar System Astronomy Notes for Educators Our Solar System 5-1 5-2 Specific Outcomes: Learning Outcome 1: Knowledge / Content and it place in the Milky Way Different types of bodies make up the Solar

More information

LER 2891. Ages. Grades. Solar System. A fun game of thinking & linking!

LER 2891. Ages. Grades. Solar System. A fun game of thinking & linking! Solar System Ages 7+ LER 2891 Grades 2+ Card Game A fun game of thinking & linking! Contents 45 Picture cards 45 Word cards 8 New Link cards 2 Super Link cards Setup Shuffle the two decks together to mix

More information

Grade 6 Standard 3 Unit Test A Astronomy. 1. The four inner planets are rocky and small. Which description best fits the next four outer planets?

Grade 6 Standard 3 Unit Test A Astronomy. 1. The four inner planets are rocky and small. Which description best fits the next four outer planets? Grade 6 Standard 3 Unit Test A Astronomy Multiple Choice 1. The four inner planets are rocky and small. Which description best fits the next four outer planets? A. They are also rocky and small. B. They

More information

THE SOLAR SYSTEM. Worksheets UNIT 1. Raül Martínez Verdún

THE SOLAR SYSTEM. Worksheets UNIT 1. Raül Martínez Verdún Worksheets UNIT 1 October-December 2009 NAME: DATE: Worksheet 1A Cut out these 9 circles and then order them from the smallest to the biggest. NAME: DATE: Worksheet 1B NAME: DATE: Worksheet 2 Read the

More information

The Solar System: Cosmic encounter with Pluto

The Solar System: Cosmic encounter with Pluto Earth and Space Sciences The Solar System: Cosmic encounter with Pluto The size and nature of our Solar System is truly awe inspiring, and things are going to get even more exciting once the New Horizons

More information

Our Planetary System. Earth, as viewed by the Voyager spacecraft. 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.

Our Planetary System. Earth, as viewed by the Voyager spacecraft. 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. Our Planetary System Earth, as viewed by the Voyager spacecraft 7.1 Studying the Solar System Our goals for learning: What does the solar system look like? What can we learn by comparing the planets to

More information

Asteroids. Earth. Asteroids. Earth Distance from sun: 149,600,000 kilometers (92,960,000 miles) Diameter: 12,756 kilometers (7,926 miles) dotted line

Asteroids. Earth. Asteroids. Earth Distance from sun: 149,600,000 kilometers (92,960,000 miles) Diameter: 12,756 kilometers (7,926 miles) dotted line Image taken by NASA Asteroids About 6,000 asteroids have been discovered; several hundred more are found each year. There are likely hundreds of thousands more that are too small to be seen from Earth.

More information

Solar System Stroll. Background. Procedure. Student Page. Student Name:

Solar System Stroll. Background. Procedure. Student Page. Student Name: Student Page Solar System Stroll Version 2.1, 3/27/00 1 Background It is a challenge to visualize the relative sizes of the planets, much less how far apart they are in space. This is in large part due

More information

Related Standards and Background Information

Related Standards and Background Information Related Standards and Background Information Earth Patterns, Cycles and Changes This strand focuses on student understanding of patterns in nature, natural cycles, and changes that occur both quickly and

More information

1 A Solar System Is Born

1 A Solar System Is Born CHAPTER 3 1 A Solar System Is Born SECTION Formation of the Solar System BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is a nebula? How did our solar system

More information

Lesson 3 Understanding Distance in Space (optional)

Lesson 3 Understanding Distance in Space (optional) Lesson 3 Understanding Distance in Space (optional) Background The distance between objects in space is vast and very difficult for most children to grasp. The values for these distances are cumbersome

More information

The orbit of Halley s Comet

The orbit of Halley s Comet The orbit of Halley s Comet Given this information Orbital period = 76 yrs Aphelion distance = 35.3 AU Observed comet in 1682 and predicted return 1758 Questions: How close does HC approach the Sun? What

More information

Group Leader: Group Members:

Group Leader: Group Members: THE SOLAR SYSTEM PROJECT: TOPIC: THE SUN Required Project Content for an Oral/Poster Presentation on THE SUN - What it s made of - Age and how it formed (provide pictures or diagrams) - What is an AU?

More information

Gravity. in the Solar System. Beyond the Book. FOCUS Book

Gravity. in the Solar System. Beyond the Book. FOCUS Book FOCUS Book Design a test to find out whether Earth s gravity always pulls straight down. A pendulum is a weight that hangs from a string or rod that can swing back and forth. Use string and metal washers

More information

Welcome to Class 4: Our Solar System (and a bit of cosmology at the start) Remember: sit only in the first 10 rows of the room

Welcome to Class 4: Our Solar System (and a bit of cosmology at the start) Remember: sit only in the first 10 rows of the room Welcome to Class 4: Our Solar System (and a bit of cosmology at the start) Remember: sit only in the first 10 rows of the room What is the difference between dark ENERGY and dark MATTER? Is Earth unique,

More information

Probing for Information

Probing for Information Name Class Date Inquiry Lab Probing for Information Using Scientific Methods Information about planets in our solar system has been collected by observation from Earth and from probes, or scientific instruments,

More information

Study Guide: Solar System

Study Guide: Solar System Study Guide: Solar System 1. How many planets are there in the solar system? 2. What is the correct order of all the planets in the solar system? 3. Where can a comet be located in the solar system? 4.

More information

Please be sure to save a copy of this activity to your computer!

Please be sure to save a copy of this activity to your computer! Thank you for your purchase Please be sure to save a copy of this activity to your computer! This activity is copyrighted by AIMS Education Foundation. All rights reserved. No part of this work may be

More information

Our Solar System Scavenger Hunt Activity

Our Solar System Scavenger Hunt Activity Name: Our Activity Materials: Question worksheet (pages 2-3) 16 Cards (pages 4-8) Tape and Scissors Preparation: Print the fact cards on card stock or brightly-colored paper and cut them out. Make copies

More information

The Solar System. Olivia Paquette

The Solar System. Olivia Paquette The Solar System Olivia Paquette Table of Contents The Sun 1 Mercury 2,3 Venus 4,5 Earth 6,7 Mars 8,9 Jupiter 10,11 Saturn 12 Uranus 13 Neptune Pluto 14 15 Glossary. 16 The Sun Although it may seem like

More information

The sun and planets. On this picture, the sizes of the sun and 8 planets are to scale. Their positions relative to each other are not to scale.

The sun and planets. On this picture, the sizes of the sun and 8 planets are to scale. Their positions relative to each other are not to scale. The solar system The solar system consists of our sun and its eight planets. The word solar means to do with the sun. The solar system formed 4½ billion years ago, when the universe was about two-thirds

More information

How Big is Our Solar System? Build Yourself a Model

How Big is Our Solar System? Build Yourself a Model Scheduled for publication in late 2007 Amateur Astronomy Magazine, 56 How Big is Our Solar System? Build Yourself a Model Dr. Jerry P. Galloway, Ed.D. Jacqueline Rose Observatory Some time ago, I thought

More information

Chapter 7 Our Planetary System. What does the solar system look like? Thought Question How does the Earth-Sun distance compare with the Sun s radius

Chapter 7 Our Planetary System. What does the solar system look like? Thought Question How does the Earth-Sun distance compare with the Sun s radius Chapter 7 Our Planetary System 7.1 Studying the Solar System Our goals for learning:! What does the solar system look like?! What can we learn by comparing the planets to one another?! What are the major

More information

Size and Scale of the Universe

Size and Scale of the Universe Size and Scale of the Universe (Teacher Guide) Overview: The Universe is very, very big. But just how big it is and how we fit into the grand scheme can be quite difficult for a person to grasp. The distances

More information

Solar System. 1. The diagram below represents a simple geocentric model. Which object is represented by the letter X?

Solar System. 1. The diagram below represents a simple geocentric model. Which object is represented by the letter X? Solar System 1. The diagram below represents a simple geocentric model. Which object is represented by the letter X? A) Earth B) Sun C) Moon D) Polaris 2. Which object orbits Earth in both the Earth-centered

More information

The Solar System in Your Neighbourhood

The Solar System in Your Neighbourhood CLASSROOM ACTIVITY The Solar System in Your Neighbourhood General Information Level: All cycles of elementary; secondary 1 to 5. Students per group: Three to four. Duration: Two 50-minute periods. Where:

More information

Prerequisites An elementary understanding of the Solar System is especially helpful. Students need to be able to use conversions

Prerequisites An elementary understanding of the Solar System is especially helpful. Students need to be able to use conversions Teacher s Guide Getting Started Diane R. Murray Manhattanville College Purpose In this two-day lesson, students will create several scale models of the Solar System using everyday items. Open with discussing

More information

Journey to other celestial objects. learning outcomes

Journey to other celestial objects. learning outcomes The eight planets Journey to other celestial objects C 44 time 80 minutes. learning outcomes To: know which planets have moons know which planets have rings know the colours of the different planets know

More information

Voyage: A Journey through our Solar System. Grades 5-8. Lesson 5: Round and Round We Go Exploring Orbits in the Solar System

Voyage: A Journey through our Solar System. Grades 5-8. Lesson 5: Round and Round We Go Exploring Orbits in the Solar System Voyage: A Journey through our Solar System Grades 5-8 Lesson 5: Round and Round We Go Exploring Orbits in the Solar System On a visit to the National Mall in Washington, DC, one can see monuments of a

More information

Name: Earth 110 Exploration of the Solar System Assignment 1: Celestial Motions and Forces Due in class Tuesday, Jan. 20, 2015

Name: Earth 110 Exploration of the Solar System Assignment 1: Celestial Motions and Forces Due in class Tuesday, Jan. 20, 2015 Name: Earth 110 Exploration of the Solar System Assignment 1: Celestial Motions and Forces Due in class Tuesday, Jan. 20, 2015 Why are celestial motions and forces important? They explain the world around

More information

Solar System Fundamentals. What is a Planet? Planetary orbits Planetary temperatures Planetary Atmospheres Origin of the Solar System

Solar System Fundamentals. What is a Planet? Planetary orbits Planetary temperatures Planetary Atmospheres Origin of the Solar System Solar System Fundamentals What is a Planet? Planetary orbits Planetary temperatures Planetary Atmospheres Origin of the Solar System Properties of Planets What is a planet? Defined finally in August 2006!

More information

THE SOLAR SYSTEM - EXERCISES 1

THE SOLAR SYSTEM - EXERCISES 1 THE SOLAR SYSTEM - EXERCISES 1 THE SUN AND THE SOLAR SYSTEM Name the planets in their order from the sun. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 The asteroid belt is between and Which planet has the most moons? About how many?

More information

Lecture 12: The Solar System Briefly

Lecture 12: The Solar System Briefly Lecture 12: The Solar System Briefly Formation of the Moonhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WpOKztEiMqo&feature =related Formation of our Solar System Conservation of Angular Momentum Why are the larger,

More information

DESCRIPTION ACADEMIC STANDARDS INSTRUCTIONAL GOALS VOCABULARY BEFORE SHOWING. Subject Area: Science

DESCRIPTION ACADEMIC STANDARDS INSTRUCTIONAL GOALS VOCABULARY BEFORE SHOWING. Subject Area: Science DESCRIPTION Host Tom Selleck conducts a stellar tour of Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto--the outer planets of Earth's solar system. Information from the Voyager space probes plus computer models

More information

astronomy 2008 1. A planet was viewed from Earth for several hours. The diagrams below represent the appearance of the planet at four different times.

astronomy 2008 1. A planet was viewed from Earth for several hours. The diagrams below represent the appearance of the planet at four different times. 1. A planet was viewed from Earth for several hours. The diagrams below represent the appearance of the planet at four different times. 5. If the distance between the Earth and the Sun were increased,

More information

Exploring Our Solar System Teacher s Guide

Exploring Our Solar System Teacher s Guide Northern Stars Planetarium 15 Western Ave., Fairfield, ME 04937 (207) 453-7668 Page 1 Exploring Our Solar System Teacher s Guide Exploring Our Solar System is a planetarium program that explores the latest

More information

Chapter 1 Our Place in the Universe

Chapter 1 Our Place in the Universe Chapter 1 Our Place in the Universe Syllabus 4 tests: June 18, June 30, July 10, July 21 Comprehensive Final - check schedule Website link on blackboard 1.1 Our Modern View of the Universe Our goals for

More information

Scaling the Solar System

Scaling the Solar System Scaling the Solar System Materials 3lbs of play-dough (minimum quantity required for this activity) Student Sheet (Planet Boxes) Pens Rulers Plastic Knife Optional: Scale 1) Compare: Earth - Moon 1. Have

More information

Chapter 7 Our Planetary System. Agenda. Intro Astronomy. Intro Astronomy. What does the solar system look like? A. General Basics

Chapter 7 Our Planetary System. Agenda. Intro Astronomy. Intro Astronomy. What does the solar system look like? A. General Basics Chapter 7 Our Planetary System Agenda Pass back & discuss Test 2 Where we are (at) Ch. 7 Our Planetary System Finish Einstein s Big Idea Earth, as viewed by the Voyager spacecraft A. General Basics Intro

More information

Chapter 1: Our Place in the Universe. 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Addison-Wesley

Chapter 1: Our Place in the Universe. 2005 Pearson Education Inc., publishing as Addison-Wesley Chapter 1: Our Place in the Universe Topics Our modern view of the universe The scale of the universe Cinema graphic tour of the local universe Spaceship earth 1.1 A Modern View of the Universe Our goals

More information

So What All Is Out There, Anyway?

So What All Is Out There, Anyway? So What All Is Out There, Anyway? Imagine that, like Alice in Wonderland, you have taken a magic potion that makes you grow bigger and bigger. You get so big that soon you are a giant. You can barely make

More information

Solar System High Jump Olympics 2857

Solar System High Jump Olympics 2857 Barbara Soares June 2008 Solar System High Jump Olympics 2857 References: Some material was adopted from the How much do you weigh? activity from the Hawaii Space Grant College site: http://www.spacegrant.hawaii.edu/class_acts/weight.html

More information

Perspective and Scale Size in Our Solar System

Perspective and Scale Size in Our Solar System Perspective and Scale Size in Our Solar System Notes Clue Session in Mary Gates RM 242 Mon 6:30 8:00 Read Lang Chpt. 1 Moodle Assignment due Thursdays at 6pm (first one due 1/17) Written Assignments due

More information

Cosmic Journey: A Solar System Adventure General Information

Cosmic Journey: A Solar System Adventure General Information Cosmic Journey: A Solar System Adventure General Information Imagine it a huge spiral galaxy containing hundreds of billions of stars, spiraling out from a galactic center. Nestled deep within one of the

More information

RETURN TO THE MOON. Lesson Plan

RETURN TO THE MOON. Lesson Plan RETURN TO THE MOON Lesson Plan INSTRUCTIONS FOR TEACHERS Grade Level: 9-12 Curriculum Links: Earth and Space (SNC 1D: D2.1, D2.2, D2.3, D2.4) Group Size: Groups of 2-4 students Preparation time: 1 hour

More information

Earth Is Not the Center of the Universe

Earth Is Not the Center of the Universe Earth Is Not the Center of the Universe Source: Utah State Office of Education Introduction Have you ever looked up at the night sky and wondered about all the pinpoint lights? People through the ages

More information

The Solar System. A Collaborative Science Activity for Key Stage 2. Teacher s Notes. Procedure

The Solar System. A Collaborative Science Activity for Key Stage 2. Teacher s Notes. Procedure The Solar System A Collaborative Science Activity for Key Stage 2 Teacher s Notes This material links reading and oral skills. The text is divided into three parts so that pupils have the task of collecting

More information

Solar System Fact Sheet

Solar System Fact Sheet Solar System Fact Sheet (Source: http://solarsystem.nasa.gov; http://solarviews.com) The Solar System Categories Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Rocky or Gas Rocky Rocky Rocky Rocky

More information

The Video Conferencing Pilot. An Educational Project

The Video Conferencing Pilot. An Educational Project The Video Conferencing Pilot. An Educational Project AIM: To raise the profile of Video Conferencing as a tool for teaching and learning and to create a Cornish Pool of expertise that can be used to support

More information

7. Our Solar System. Planetary Orbits to Scale. The Eight Planetary Orbits

7. Our Solar System. Planetary Orbits to Scale. The Eight Planetary Orbits 7. Our Solar System Terrestrial & Jovian planets Seven large satellites [moons] Chemical composition of the planets Asteroids & comets The Terrestrial & Jovian Planets Four small terrestrial planets Like

More information

Pluto Data: Numbers. 14b. Pluto, Kuiper Belt & Oort Cloud. Pluto Data (Table 14-5)

Pluto Data: Numbers. 14b. Pluto, Kuiper Belt & Oort Cloud. Pluto Data (Table 14-5) 14b. Pluto, Kuiper Belt & Oort Cloud Pluto Pluto s moons The Kuiper Belt Resonant Kuiper Belt objects Classical Kuiper Belt objects Pluto Data: Numbers Diameter: 2,290.km 0.18. Earth Mass: 1.0. 10 22 kg

More information

Solar System Facts & Fun

Solar System Facts & Fun Solar System Facts & Fun Space is such a fascinating place. God put the Earth in just the right place so everything was just right for life as we know it. Have you ever wondered about the other planets

More information

UNIT V. Earth and Space. Earth and the Solar System

UNIT V. Earth and Space. Earth and the Solar System UNIT V Earth and Space Chapter 9 Earth and the Solar System EARTH AND OTHER PLANETS A solar system contains planets, moons, and other objects that orbit around a star or the star system. The solar system

More information

Angular Velocity vs. Linear Velocity

Angular Velocity vs. Linear Velocity MATH 7 Angular Velocity vs. Linear Velocity Dr. Neal, WKU Given an object with a fixed speed that is moving in a circle with a fixed ius, we can define the angular velocity of the object. That is, we can

More information

The following questions refer to Chapter 19, (PAGES 259 278 IN YOUR MANUAL, 7 th ed.)

The following questions refer to Chapter 19, (PAGES 259 278 IN YOUR MANUAL, 7 th ed.) GEOLOGY 306 Laboratory Instructor: TERRY J. BOROUGHS NAME: Locating the Planets (Chapter 19) and the Moon and Sun (Chapter 21) For this assignment you will require: a calculator, colored pencils, a metric

More information

ASTR 115: Introduction to Astronomy. Stephen Kane

ASTR 115: Introduction to Astronomy. Stephen Kane ASTR 115: Introduction to Astronomy Stephen Kane ASTR 115: Introduction to Astronomy Textbook: The Essential Cosmic Perspective, 7th Edition Homework will be via the Mastering Astronomy web site: www.pearsonmastering.com

More information

Our Solar System Unit of Work

Our Solar System Unit of Work Lesson 1: Introducing our Solar System Introduction In this lesson, students will be introduced to our Solar System. They will explore what it contains and use common items to create a scaled version of

More information

Worlds in Comparison

Worlds in Comparison Worlds in Comparison Activity Guide Originally developed by Dennis Schatz (Pacific Science Center) for Family ASTRO Adapted by Anna Hurst 2006, Astronomy from the Ground Up Astronomical Society of the

More information

Seattle Solar System

Seattle Solar System Seattle Solar System a public art + science project concept concept by Keith Enevoldsen k.enevoldsen@wlonk.com Jan 15, 2012 http://thinkzone.wlonk.com/sss/seattlesolarsystem.htm Imagine that the International

More information

Voyage: A Journey through our Solar System. Grades 9-12. Lesson 1: A Scale Model Solar System

Voyage: A Journey through our Solar System. Grades 9-12. Lesson 1: A Scale Model Solar System Voyage: A Journey through our Solar System Grades 9-12 Lesson 1: A Scale Model Solar System On a visit to the National Mall in Washington, DC, one can see monuments of a nation Memorials to Lincoln, Jefferson,

More information

NASA Explorer Schools Pre-Algebra Unit Lesson 2 Teacher Guide. Solar System Math. Comparing Mass, Gravity, Composition, & Density

NASA Explorer Schools Pre-Algebra Unit Lesson 2 Teacher Guide. Solar System Math. Comparing Mass, Gravity, Composition, & Density National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA Explorer Schools PreAlgebra Unit Lesson 2 Teacher Guide Solar System Math Comparing Mass, Gravity, Composition, & Density http://quest.nasa.gov/vft/#wtd

More information

The Layout of the Solar System

The Layout of the Solar System The Layout of the Solar System Planets fall into two main categories Terrestrial (i.e. Earth-like) Jovian (i.e. Jupiter-like or gaseous) [~5000 kg/m 3 ] [~1300 kg/m 3 ] What is density? Average density

More information

1.1 A Modern View of the Universe" Our goals for learning: What is our place in the universe?"

1.1 A Modern View of the Universe Our goals for learning: What is our place in the universe? Chapter 1 Our Place in the Universe 1.1 A Modern View of the Universe What is our place in the universe? What is our place in the universe? How did we come to be? How can we know what the universe was

More information

When you ask What is a model? and

When you ask What is a model? and Sizing up the Solar System Students learn about the notion of scale By Heidi Wiebke, Meredith Park Rogers, and Vanashri Nargund-Joshi When you ask What is a model? and your student responds A very attractive

More information

Once in a Blue Moon (Number Systems and Number Theory)

Once in a Blue Moon (Number Systems and Number Theory) The Middle School Math Project Once in a Blue Moon (Number Systems and Number Theory) Objective Students will use number theory skills to investigate when certain planets are aligned. Overview of the Lesson

More information

Copyright 2006, Astronomical Society of the Pacific

Copyright 2006, Astronomical Society of the Pacific 2 1 3 4 Diameter: 590 miles (950 km) Distance to Sun: 257 million miles (414 million km) Orbits: # 18 Composition: Outer layer probably ice and frozen ammonia, no Diameter: 750 miles (1200 km) Distance

More information

Lecture 13. Gravity in the Solar System

Lecture 13. Gravity in the Solar System Lecture 13 Gravity in the Solar System Guiding Questions 1. How was the heliocentric model established? What are monumental steps in the history of the heliocentric model? 2. How do Kepler s three laws

More information

Outdoor Exploration Guide. A Journey Through Our Solar System. A Journey Through Our Solar System

Outdoor Exploration Guide. A Journey Through Our Solar System. A Journey Through Our Solar System Outdoor Exploration Guide A Journey Through Our Solar System A Journey Through Our Solar System The Solar System Imagine that you are an explorer investigating the solar system. It s a big job, but in

More information

The Main Point. Lecture #34: Solar System Origin II. Chemical Condensation ( Lewis ) Model. How did the solar system form? Reading: Chapter 8.

The Main Point. Lecture #34: Solar System Origin II. Chemical Condensation ( Lewis ) Model. How did the solar system form? Reading: Chapter 8. Lecture #34: Solar System Origin II How did the solar system form? Chemical Condensation ("Lewis") Model. Formation of the Terrestrial Planets. Formation of the Giant Planets. Planetary Evolution. Reading:

More information

Bay Area Scientists in Schoos Presentation Plan

Bay Area Scientists in Schoos Presentation Plan Bay Area Scientists in Schoos Presentation Plan Lesson Name 3 rd Grape from the Sun Presenter(s) Nicholas McConnell Grade Level 5 Standards Connection(s) The Solar System contains Earth, 7 other planets,

More information

Geol 116 The Planet Class 7-1 Feb 28, 2005. Exercise 1, Calculate the escape velocities of the nine planets in the solar system

Geol 116 The Planet Class 7-1 Feb 28, 2005. Exercise 1, Calculate the escape velocities of the nine planets in the solar system Exercises/Discussions Atmospheric Composition: Escape Velocities and Surface Temperature Objectives Escape velocity and the mass and size of a planetary body The effect of escape velocity and surface temperature

More information

Unit 8 Lesson 2 Gravity and the Solar System

Unit 8 Lesson 2 Gravity and the Solar System Unit 8 Lesson 2 Gravity and the Solar System Gravity What is gravity? Gravity is a force of attraction between objects that is due to their masses and the distances between them. Every object in the universe

More information

Name Class Period. F = G m 1 m 2 d 2. G =6.67 x 10-11 Nm 2 /kg 2

Name Class Period. F = G m 1 m 2 d 2. G =6.67 x 10-11 Nm 2 /kg 2 Gravitational Forces 13.1 Newton s Law of Universal Gravity Newton discovered that gravity is universal. Everything pulls on everything else in the universe in a way that involves only mass and distance.

More information

What's Gravity Got To Do With It?

What's Gravity Got To Do With It? Monday, December 16 What's Gravity Got To Do With It? By Erin Horner When you woke up this morning did you fly up to the ceiling? Of course not! When you woke up this morning you put both feet on the floor

More information

Teaching How Scientists Use Models with. What Makes Up Most of the Solar System? Using Models

Teaching How Scientists Use Models with. What Makes Up Most of the Solar System? Using Models National Aeronautics and Space Administration Teaching How Scientists Use Models with What Makes Up Most of the Solar System? Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts Literacy in Science &

More information

Model the Sun and Earth

Model the Sun and Earth Model the Sun and Earth How big is the Sun compared with Earth? Description Make scale models of the Sun and Earth out of paper mache. Age Level: 10 and up Materials one yellow balloon ruler thread of

More information