Waves-Wave Characteristics

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

Transcription

1 1. What is the wavelength of a 256-hertz sound wave in air at STP? m m m m 2. The graph below represents the relationship between wavelength and frequency of waves created by two students shaking the ends of a loose spring. 6. The diagram below represents a periodic wave. Which point on the wave is in phase with point P? 1. A 2. B 3. C 4. D 7. A periodic wave having a frequency of 5.0 hertz and a speed of 10 meters per second has a wavelength of m m m m Calculate the speed of the waves generated in the spring. [Show all work, including the equation and substitution with units.] 3. What is the period of a water wave if 4 complete waves pass a fixed point in 10 seconds? s s s s 4. If the frequency of a periodic wave is doubled, the period of the wave will be 1. halved 2. doubled 3. quartered 4. quadrupled 5. A 512-hertz sound wave travels 100 meters to an observer through air at STP. What is the wavelength of this sound wave? 8. A ringing bell is located in a chamber. When the air is removed from the chamber, why can the bell be seen vibrating but not be heard? 1. Light waves can travel through a vacuum, but sound waves cannot. 2. Sound waves have greater amplitude than light waves. 3. Light waves travel slower than sound waves. 4. Sound waves have higher frequencies than light waves. 9. The diagram below represents a transverse wave. The wavelength of the wave is equal to the distance between points 1. A and G 2. B and F 3. C and E 4. D and F APlusPhysics: WAV.A2 Page 161

2 10. The diagram below represents a periodic transverse wave traveling in a uniform medium. On the diagram above, draw a wave having both a smaller amplitude and the same wavelength as the given wave. Base your answers to questions 11 through 13 on the information and diagram below. A longitudinal wave moves to the right through a uniform medium, as shown below. Points A, B, C, D, and E represent the positions of particles of the medium. 11. Which diagram best represents the motion of the particle at position C as the wave moves to the right? 12. The wavelength of this wave is equal to the distance between points 1. A and B 2. B and C 3. A and C 4. B and E 13. The energy of this wave is related to its 1. amplitude 2. period 3. speed 4. wavelength Page 162 WAV.A2 APlusPhysics:

3 14. Which wave diagram has both wavelength (λ) and amplitude (A) labeled correctly? 15. The diagram below represents a transverse wave moving on a uniform rope with point A labeled as shown. On the diagram, mark an X at the point on the wave that is 180 out of phase with point A. Base your answers to questions 16 through 18 on the information and diagram below. Three waves, A, B, and C, travel 12 meters in 2.0 seconds through the same medium as shown in the diagram below. 16. What is the amplitude of wave C? 17. What is the period of wave A? 18. What is the speed of wave B? APlusPhysics: WAV.A2 Page 163

4 Base your answers to questions 19 through 21 on the information below. [Show all work, including the equation and substitution with units.] A stationary submarine uses sonar to send a hertz sound wave down through the ocean water. The reflected sound wave from the flat ocean bottom 324 meters below the sub is detected seconds after it was sent from the submarine. 19. Calculate the speed of the sound wave in the ocean water. 20. Calculate the wavelength of the sound wave in the ocean water. 21. Determine the period of the sound wave in the ocean water. 22. A motor is used to produce 4.0 waves each second in a string. What is the frequency of the waves? Hz Hz Hz Hz 23. If the amplitude of a wave is increased, the frequency of the wave will 1. decrease 2. increase 3. remain the same 24. The time required for a wave to complete one full cycle is called the wave s 1. frequency 2. period 3. velocity 4. wavelength 25. The graph below represents the displacement of a particle in a medium over a period of time. The amplitude of the wave is s s 3. 8 cm 4. 4 cm 26. A periodic wave is produced by a vibrating tuning fork. The amplitude of the wave would be greater if the tuning fork were 1. struck more softly 2. struck harder 3. replaced by a lower frequency tuning fork 4. replaced by a higher frequency tuning fork 27. The diagram below represents a periodic wave. Which point on the wave is 90 out of phase with point P? 1. A 2. B 3. C 4. D Page 164 WAV.A2 APlusPhysics:

5 28. A periodic wave travels at speed v through medium A. The wave passes with all its energy into medium B. The speed of the wave through medium B is v/2. On the diagram below, draw the wave as it travels through medium B. Show at least one full wave. 29. The energy of a water wave is closely related to its 1. frequency 2. wavelength 3. period 4. amplitude 30. The diagram below represents a transverse wave. 33. The energy of a sound wave is closely related to its 1. period 2. amplitude 3. frequency 4. wavelength 34. The diagram below shows a periodic wave. The distance between which two points identifies the amplitude of the wave? 1. A and B 2. A and C 3. A and E 4. D and E 31. If the amplitude of a wave traveling in a rope is doubled, the speed of the wave in the rope will 1. decrease 2. increase 3. remain the same Which points are in phase with each other? 1. A and C 2. A and D 3. B and C 4. C and D 35. Which unit is equivalent to meters per second? 1. Hz s 2. Hz m 3. s/hz 4. m/hz 36. The sound wave produced by a trumpet has a frequency of 440 hertz. What is the distance between successive compressions in this sound wave as it travels through air at STP? m m m 32. Increasing the amplitude of a sound wave produces a sound with 1. lower speed 2. higher pitch 3. shorter wavelength 4. greater loudness m APlusPhysics: WAV.A2 Page 165

6 Base your answers to questions 37 and 38 on the information and diagram below. A student standing on a dock observes a piece of wood floating on the water as shown below. As a water wave passes, the wood moves up and down, rising to the top of a wave crest every 5.0 seconds. 37. Calculate the frequency of the passing water waves. [Show all work, including the equation and substitution with units.] 38. Calculate the speed of the water waves. [Show all work, including the equation and substitution with units.] 39. The diagram below represents a periodic wave traveling through a uniform medium. If the frequency of the wave is 2.0 hertz, the speed of the wave is m/s m/s m/s m/s 40. Two waves having the same frequency and amplitude are traveling in the same medium. Maximum constructive interference occurs at points where the phase difference between the two superimposed waves is Page 166 WAV.A2 41. A surfacing whale in an aquarium produces water wave crests every 0.40 seconds. If the water wave travels at 4.5 meters per second, the wavelength of the wave is m m m m 42. The diagram below represents a transverse wave moving along a string. On the diagram above, draw a transverse wave that would produce complete destructive interference when superimposed with the original wave. 43. The product of a wave s frequency and its period is 1. one 2. its velocity 3. its wavelength 4. Planck s constant APlusPhysics:

7 Base your answers to questions 44 and 45 on the information below. A student plucks a guitar string and the vibrations produce a sound wave with a frequency of 650 hertz. 44. The sound wave produced can best be described as a 1. transverse wave of constant amplitude 2. longitudinal wave of constant frequency 3. mechanical wave of varying frequency 4. electromagnetic wave of varying wavelengths 45. Calculate the wavelength of the sound wave in air at STP. [Show all work, including the equation and substitution with units.] Base your answers to questions 46 and 47 on the information below. A transverse wave with an amplitude of 0.20 meters and wavelength of 3.0 meters travels toward the right in a medium with a speed of 4.0 meters per second. 46. On the diagram below, place an X at each of two points that are in phase with each other. 48. A tuning fork vibrates at a frequency of 512 hertz when struck with a rubber hammer. The sound produced by the tuning fork will travel through the air as a 1. longitudinal wave with air molecules vibrating parallel to the direction of travel 2. transverse wave with air molecules vibrating parallel to the direction of travel 3. longitudinal wave with air molecules vibrating perpendicular to the direction of travel 4. transverse wave with air molecules vibrating perpendicular to the direction of travel 49. What is characteristic of both sound waves and electromagnetic waves? 1. They require a medium. 2. They transfer energy. 3. They are mechanical waves. 4. They are longitudinal waves. 50. What is the wavelength of a 2.50-kilohertz sound wave traveling at 326 meters per second through air? m m m m 51. While sitting in a boat, a fisherman observes that two complete waves pass by his position every 4 seconds. What is the period of these waves? s 2. 2 s 3. 8 s 4. 4 s 52. A sound wave traveling eastward through air causes the air molecules to 1. vibrate east and west 2. vibrate north and south 3. move eastward, only 4. move northward, only 47. Calculate the period of the wave. [Show all work, including the equation and substitution with units.] APlusPhysics: WAV.A2 Page 167

8 53. The diagram below represents a periodic wave. 58. The diagram below represents two waves, A and B, traveling through the same uniform medium. Which two points on the wave are out of phase? 1. A and C 2. B and F 3. C and E 4. D and G 54. A distance of meter separates successive crests of a periodic wave produced in a shallow tank of water. If a crest passes a point in the tank every second, what is the speed of this wave? m/s m/s m/s m/s 55. A nurse takes the pulse of a heart and determines the heart beats periodically 60 times in 60 seconds. The period of the heartbeat is 1. 1 Hz Hz 3. 1 s s 56. What is the period of a sound wave having a frequency of 340 hertz? s s s s 57. A beam of light has a wavelength of meter in a vacuum. The frequency of this light is Hz Hz Hz Hz Which characteristic is the same for both waves? 1. amplitude 2. frequency 3. period 4. wavelength 59. A duck floating in a pool oscillates up and down 5.0 times during a 10.-second interval as a periodic wave passes by. What is the frequency of the duck s oscillations? Hz Hz Hz Hz 60. A student produces a wave in a long spring by vibrating its end. As the frequency of the vibration is doubled, the wavelength in the spring is 1. quartered 2. halved 3. unchanged 4. doubled 61. The diagram below shows waves A and B in the same medium. Compared to wave A, wave B has 1. twice the amplitude and twice the wavelength 2. twice the amplitude and half the wavelength 3. the same amplitude and half the wavelength 4. half the amplitude and the same wavelength Page 168 WAV.A2 APlusPhysics:

9 62. Which two points on the wave shown in the diagram below are in phase with each other? 1. A and B 2. A and E 3. B and C 4. B and D 63. A microwave oven emits a microwave with a wavelength of meter in air. Calculate the frequency of the microwave. [Show all work, including the equation and substitution with units.] APlusPhysics: WAV.A2 Page 169

Waves-Wave Characteristics

1. What is the wavelength of a 256-hertz sound wave in air at STP? 1. 1.17 10 6 m 2. 1.29 m 3. 0.773 m 4. 8.53 10-7 m 2. The graph below represents the relationship between wavelength and frequency of

Waves Practice. 1. The diagram shown represents four waves traveling to the right in the same transmitting medium.

Name: Date: 1. The diagram shown represents four waves traveling to the right in the same transmitting medium. 4. Periodic waves are being produced in a ripple tank. As the rate at which the waves are

Unit 6 Practice Test: Sound

Unit 6 Practice Test: Sound Name: Multiple Guess Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. A mass attached to a spring vibrates back and forth. At

Lesson 19: Mechanical Waves!!

Lesson 19: Mechanical Waves Mechanical Waves There are two basic ways to transmit or move energy from one place to another. First, one can move an object from one location to another via kinetic energy.

Resonance. Wave. Wave. There are three types of waves: Tacoma Narrows Bridge Torsional Oscillation. Mechanical Waves 11/2/2009

Resonance Wave Transfers Energy Without Transferring Matter Clip from Mechanical Universe Wave A wave can be described as a disturbance that travels through a medium from one location to another location.

Waves and Sound Part 1

Waves and Sound Part 1 Intro Write the following questions on a blank piece of paper (don t answer yet) 1. What is the difference between a mechanical and electromagnetic wave? 2. What is the difference

Unit 4 Sound and Waves

Name: Class: Date: Unit 4 Sound and Waves Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The speed of any mechanical wave as it propagates through a medium

v = fλ PROGRESSIVE WAVES 1 Candidates should be able to :

PROGRESSIVE WAVES 1 Candidates should be able to : Describe and distinguish between progressive longitudinal and transverse waves. With the exception of electromagnetic waves, which do not need a material

CHAPTER 14 WAVE & Sound

CHAPTER 14 WAVE & Sound COURSE CONTENT Properties of waves Definition Types of waves Wavelength Amplitude Frequency Waves are everywhere in nature Sound waves, visible light waves, radio waves, microwaves,

Waves review practice questions

Name: ate: 1. The diagram shown represents four waves traveling to the right in the same transmitting medium. 4. Which wave has the greatest amplitude?.... Which type of wave is represented? 5. Which characteristic

A It is halved. B It is doubled. C It is quadrupled. D It remains the same.

WAVES UNIT REVIEW EN: CALIFORNIA STATE QUESTIONS: 1. A sound wave is produced in a metal cylinder by striking one end. Which of the following occurs as the wave travels along the cylinder? A Its amplitude

Waves Physics Leaving Cert Quick Notes

Waves Physics Leaving Cert Quick Notes Waves A wave is a means of transferring energy from one point to another Waves can be classified as mechanical where the wave must have a medium to travel through,

Periodic Wave Phenomena

Name: Periodic Wave Phenomena 1. The diagram shows radar waves being emitted from a stationary police car and reflected by a moving car back to the police car. The difference in apparent frequency between

a) A hanging spring supporting a weight. b) The balance of a wheel. c) The wheel of an automobile. d) The spring of a violin.

114. If mass of a body suspended from a spring is doubled, the period of vibration of the body becomes: (6a ii 07) a) Double. b) Half. c) Times. d) Iyr times. 115. The frequency of a simple pendulum in

Review of Chapter 25. Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Review of Chapter 25 Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The time needed for a wave to make one complete cycle is its b. velocity.

Waves. Sec Wave Properties. Waves are everywhere in nature. What is a wave? Example: Slinky Wave

Waves PART I Wave Properties Wave Anatomy PART II Wave Math Wave Behavior PART III Sound Waves Light Waves (aka Electromagnetic Waves or Radiation) 1 Sec. 14.1 Wave Properties Objectives Identify how waves

1) The time for one cycle of a periodic process is called the A) wavelength. B) period. C) frequency. D) amplitude.

practice wave test.. Name Use the text to make use of any equations you might need (e.g., to determine the velocity of waves in a given material) MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes

Waves Review Checklist Pulses 5.1.1A Explain the relationship between the period of a pendulum and the factors involved in building one

5.1.1 Oscillating Systems Waves Review Checklist 5.1.2 Pulses 5.1.1A Explain the relationship between the period of a pendulum and the factors involved in building one Four pendulums are built as shown

AP1 Waves. (A) frequency (B) wavelength (C) speed (D) intensity. Answer: (A) and (D) frequency and intensity.

1. A fire truck is moving at a fairly high speed, with its siren emitting sound at a specific pitch. As the fire truck recedes from you which of the following characteristics of the sound wave from the

Waves are created by disturbances which cause vibrations.

Wave Motion Waves are created by disturbances which cause vibrations. Vibrations produce a back-and-forth type motion called an oscillation. http://3d wave simulation The number of vibrations (or waves)

Physical Science Study Guide Unit 7 Wave properties and behaviors, electromagnetic spectrum, Doppler Effect

Objectives: PS-7.1 Physical Science Study Guide Unit 7 Wave properties and behaviors, electromagnetic spectrum, Doppler Effect Illustrate ways that the energy of waves is transferred by interaction with

Chapter 23 Multiple Choice Test

Name: Class: Date: Chapter 23 Multiple Choice Test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. A unit of motion repeated over and over again is called

Chapter 20. Traveling Waves You may not realize it, but you are surrounded by waves. The waviness of a water wave is readily apparent, from the ripples on a pond to ocean waves large enough to surf. It

Wave Vocabulary- 25 words 1. WAVE 2. MEDIUM 3. MECHANICAL WAVE 4. ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES 5. ENERGY 6. TRANSVERSE WAVES 7. LONGITUDINAL WAVES 8.

WAVES Chapter 11 Wave Vocabulary- 25 words 1. WAVE 2. MEDIUM 3. MECHANICAL WAVE 4. ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES 5. ENERGY 6. TRANSVERSE WAVES 7. LONGITUDINAL WAVES 8. CREST 9. TROUGH 10. INTERFERENCE 11. CONSTRUCTIVE

Angle of an incident (arriving) ray or particle to a surface; measured from a line perpendicular to the surface (the normal) Angle of incidence

The maximum displacement of particles of the medium from their mean positions during the propagation of a wave Angle of an incident (arriving) ray or particle to a surface; measured from a line perpendicular

Sound Waves. PHYS102 Previous Exam Problems CHAPTER. Sound waves Interference of sound waves Intensity & level Resonance in tubes Doppler effect

PHYS102 Previous Exam Problems CHAPTER 17 Sound Waves Sound waves Interference of sound waves Intensity & level Resonance in tubes Doppler effect If the speed of sound in air is not given in the problem,

transverse wave on a string Slinky waves

L 23 Vibrations and Waves [3] updated 10/23/07 resonance clocks pendulum springs harmonic motion mechanical waves sound waves golden rule for waves musical instruments The Doppler effect Doppler radar

Chapter 15: Making Waves

Chapter 15: Making Waves 1. Electromagnetic waves are generally A. transverse waves. B. longitudinal waves. C. a 50/50 combination of transverse and longitudinal waves. D. standing waves. 2. The period

physics 1/12/2016 Chapter 20 Lecture Chapter 20 Traveling Waves

Chapter 20 Lecture physics FOR SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS a strategic approach THIRD EDITION randall d. knight Chapter 20 Traveling Waves Chapter Goal: To learn the basic properties of traveling waves. Slide

Wave Interference and Resonance

Wave Interference and Resonance 1. An audio frequency oscillator produces a single frequency sound wave but sends it through two speakers 1 m apart from each other. An observer standing 10.0 m away from

Cutnell/Johnson Physics

Cutnell/Johnson Physics Classroom Response System Questions Chapter 17 The Principle of Linear Superposition and Interference Phenomena Interactive Lecture Questions 17.1.1. The graph shows two waves at

S15--AP Phys Q3 SHO-Sound PRACTICE

Name: Class: Date: ID: A S5--AP Phys Q3 SHO-Sound PRACTICE Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.. If you are on a train, how will the pitch of the

Ch 25 Chapter Review Q & A s

Ch 25 Chapter Review Q & A s a. a wiggle in time is called? b. a wiggle in space & time is called? a. vibration b. wave What is the period of a pendulum? The period is the time for 1 cycle (back & forth)

SP9. StudyPacks KS4 SCIENCE STUDY. Wave Basics. Wave speed = Frequency x Wavelength

StudyPacks STUDY. KS4 SCIENCE Wave Basics Wave speed = Frequency x Wavelength This Study Pack aims to cover:. Describing Waves using keywords wavelength, amplitude & frequency 2. How to calculate Wave

Wave Energy. A pulse is a traveling disturbance in a medium. Pictures (a) through (d) show successive positions of a pulse in a rope.

Wave Energy A pulse is a traveling disturbance in a medium. Pictures (a) through (d) show successive positions of a pulse in a rope. Wave Energy A wave is a succession of pulses, traveling through a medium.

11/17/10. Transverse and Longitudinal Waves. Transverse and Longitudinal Waves. Wave Speed. EXAMPLE 20.1 The speed of a wave pulse

You may not realize it, but you are surrounded by waves. The waviness of a water wave is readily apparent, from the ripples on a pond to ocean waves large enough to surf. It s less apparent that sound

Waves Review Checklist Pulses 5.1.1A Explain the relationship between the period of a pendulum and the factors involved in building one

5.1.1 Oscillating Systems Waves Review hecklist 5.1.2 Pulses 5.1.1A Explain the relationship between the period of a pendulum and the factors involved in building one Four pendulums are built as shown

Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Excercises Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. The source of all wave motion is a a. region of variable high and low pressure.

4.4 WAVE CHARACTERISTICS 4.5 WAVE PROPERTIES HW/Study Packet

4.4 WAVE CHARACTERISTICS 4.5 WAVE PROPERTIES HW/Study Packet Required: READ Hamper pp 115-134 SL/HL Supplemental: Cutnell and Johnson, pp 473-477, 507-513 Tsokos, pp 216-242 REMEMBER TO. Work through all

v = λ f this is the Golden Rule for waves transverse & longitudinal waves Harmonic waves The golden rule for waves Example: wave on a string Review

L 23 Vibrations and Waves [3] resonance clocks pendulum springs harmonic motion mechanical waves sound waves golden rule for waves musical instruments The Doppler effect Doppler radar radar guns Review

08/19/09 PHYSICS 223 Exam-2 NAME Please write down your name also on the back side of this exam

08/19/09 PHYSICS 3 Exam- NAME Please write down your name also on the back side of this exam 1. A sinusoidal wave of frequency 500 Hz has a speed of 350 m/s. 1A. How far apart (in units of cm) are two

Waves. Overview (Text p382>)

Waves Overview (Text p382>) Waves What are they? Imagine dropping a stone into a still pond and watching the result. A wave is a disturbance that transfers energy from one point to another in wave fronts.

light and sound, our bodies are not capable of sensing radio waves directly.

Background A wave is a disturbance that carries energy, a disturbance that transports energy from one place to another without the transfer of matter. After a wave passes through a medium, there are no

Objectives 354 CHAPTER 8 WAVES AND VIBRATION

Objectives Describe how a mechanical wave transfers energy through a medium. Explain the difference between a transverse wave and a longitudinal wave. Define amplitude and wavelength. Define frequency

And although two objects like these bumper boats cannot be in the same place on the water at the same time, water waves can. Why is that?

Physics 1103 Wave Interactions (picture of beach on screen) Today, we go back to the beach to investigate more wave interactions. For example, what makes these waves change direction as they approach the

Waves and Sound. AP Physics B

Waves and Sound AP Physics B What is a wave A WAVE is a vibration or disturbance in space. A MEDIUM is the substance that all SOUND WAVES travel through and need to have in order to move. Two types of

Name Class Date. A wave is produced that moves out from the center in an expanding circle. The wave

Exercises 25.1 Vibration of a Pendulum (page 491) 1. The time it takes for one back-and-forth motion of a pendulum is called the period. 2. List the two things that determine the period of a pendulum.

Honors Physics Burns. Multiple Choice: Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. / ~.

Name: ~ Test Chapter 12 (Sound) Period Date: Honors Physics Burns /2010 Multiple Choice: Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. / ~./~ t~ ~ ~ 1. Sound waves a. are

Name Class Date. c. column of air at the mouthpiece 4. flute. longitudinal

Exercises 26.1 The Origin of (page 515) Match each sound source with the part that vibrates. Source Vibrating Part a b d c 1. violin a. strings 2. your voice b. reed 3. saxophone c. column of air at the

Waves Sound and Light

Waves Sound and Light r2 c:\files\courses\1710\spr12\wavetrans.doc Ron Robertson The Nature of Waves Waves are a type of energy transmission that results from a periodic disturbance (vibration). They are

Name: Giant Slinky: Quantitative Exhibit Activity Materials: Tape Measure, Stopwatch, & Calculator. In this activity, we will explore wave properties using the Giant Slinky. Let s start by describing the

The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION PHYSICAL SETTING PHYSICS. Wednesday, June 17, 2015 1:15 to 4:15 p.m.

P.S./PHYSICS The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION PHYSICAL SETTING PHYSICS Wednesday, June 17, 2015 1:15 to 4:15 p.m., only The possession or use of any communications

Physics 131: tutorial week 6 Waves (1)

Physics 131: tutorial week 6 Waves (1) Take the speed of sound in air at 0 C as 331ms 1 and the speed of electromagnetic radiation c 3, 00 10 8 ms 1. 1. A person standing in the ocean notices that after

Chapter4: Superposition and Interference

Chapter4: Superposition and Interference Sections Superposition Principle Superposition of Sinusoidal Waves Interference of Sound Waves Standing Waves Beats: Interference in Time Nonsinusoidal Wave Patterns

No Brain Too Small PHYSICS

Level 3 Physics: Demonstrate understanding of Waves Doppler Effect and Beats - Answers In 03, AS 953 replaced AS 9050. The Mess that is NCEA Assessment Schedules. In AS 9050 there was an Evidence column

Sound W.S. 1. Two major classes of waves are longitudinal and transverse. Sound waves are.

Sound W.S. 1. Two major classes of waves are longitudinal and transverse. Sound waves are. longitudinal transverse 2. The frequency of a sound signal refers to how frequently the vibrations occur. A high-frequency

Waves: Recording Sound Waves and Sound Wave Interference (Teacher s Guide)

Waves: Recording Sound Waves and Sound Wave Interference (Teacher s Guide) OVERVIEW Students will measure a sound wave by placing the Ward s DataHub microphone near one tuning fork A440 (f=440hz). Then

The Big Idea. Key Concepts

The Big Idea Objects in motion that return to the same position after a fixed period of time are said to be in harmonic motion. Objects in harmonic motion have the ability to transfer some of their energy

Standing Waves and the Velocity of Sound

Chapter 8 Standing Waves and the Velocity of Sound 8.1 Purpose In this experiment we will be using resonance points of a sound wave traveling through an open tube to measure the speed of sound in air.

SPH3UW Superposition and Interference Page 1 of 6

SPH3UW Superposition and Interference Page 1 of 6 Notes Physics Tool box Constructive Interference: refers to when waves build up each other, resulting in the medium having larger amplitude. Destructive

Energy of Waves. Book O Chapter 1

Energy of Waves Book O Chapter 1 A wave can make a leaf bob up and down on the water, but it cannot move the leaf toward the shore. This is because waves only transfer A. Media B. Crests C. Energy D. Matter

Waves and Sound. An Introduction to Waves and Wave Properties Wednesday, November 19, 2008

Waves and Sound An Introduction to Waves and Wave Properties Wednesday, November 19, 2008 Mechanical Wave A mechanical wave is a disturbance which propagates through a medium with little or no net displacement

G r a d e 1 1 P h y s i c s ( 3 0 s )

G r a d e 1 1 P h y s i c s ( 3 0 s ) Final Practice exam answer Key G r a d e 1 1 P h y s i c s ( 3 0 s ) Final Practice Exam Answer Key Instructions The final exam will be weighted as follows: Modules

UNIT 1: mechanical waves / sound

1. waves/intro 2. wave on a string 3. sound waves UNIT 1: mechanical waves / sound Chapter 16 in Cutnell, Johnson: Physics, 8th Edition Properties of waves, example of waves (sound. Light, seismic), Reflection,

8.4 Resonance in Air Columns

8.4 8.4 Resonance in Air Columns Sound waves from one source can cause an identical source to vibrate in resonance. Just as with mechanical resonance (section 6.7), a small force produces a large vibration.

The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION PHYSICAL SETTING PHYSICS

PS/PHYSICS The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION PHYSICAL SETTING PHYSICS Wednesday, June 24, 2009 9:15 a.m. to 12:15 p.m., only The answer sheet for Part A and Part B

Waves I: Generalities, Superposition & Standing Waves

Chapter 5 Waves I: Generalities, Superposition & Standing Waves 5.1 The Important Stuff 5.1.1 Wave Motion Wave motion occurs when the mass elements of a medium such as a taut string or the surface of a

Sound and stringed instruments

Sound and stringed instruments Lecture 14: Sound and strings Reminders/Updates: HW 6 due Monday, 10pm. Exam 2, a week today! 1 Sound so far: Sound is a pressure or density fluctuation carried (usually)

The Physics of Guitar Strings

The Physics of Guitar Strings R. R. McNeil 1. Introduction The guitar makes a wonderful device to demonstrate the physics of waves on a stretched string. This is because almost every student has seen a

Waves - Transverse and Longitudinal Waves

Waves - Transverse and Longitudinal Waves wave may be defined as a periodic disturbance in a medium that carries energy from one point to another. ll waves require a source and a medium of propagation.

PLEASE DO NOT WRITE ON THE TEST. PLACE ALL MULTIPLE CHOICE ANSWERS ON THE SCANTRON. (THANK YOU FOR SAVING A TREE.)

PLEASE DO NOT WRITE ON THE TEST. PLACE ALL MULTIPLE CHOICE ANSWERS ON THE SCANTRON. (THANK YOU FOR SAVING A TREE.) Sound Waves Test -- each multiple choice question is worth 3 points. 1. Sound waves are

Electromagnetic (EM) waves. Electric and Magnetic Fields. L 30 Electricity and Magnetism [7] James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879)

L 30 Electricity and Magnetism [7] ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES Faraday laid the groundwork with his discovery of electromagnetic induction Maxwell added the last piece of the puzzle Heinrich Hertz made the experimental

v = λf 1. A wave is created on a Slinky such that its frequency is 2 Hz and it has a wavelength of 1.20 meters. What is the speed of this wave?

Today: Questions re: HW Examples - Waves Wave Properties > Doppler Effect > Interference & Beats > Resonance Examples: v = λf 1. A wave is created on a Slinky such that its frequency is 2 Hz and it has

Chapter 21. Superposition

Chapter 21. Superposition The combination of two or more waves is called a superposition of waves. Applications of superposition range from musical instruments to the colors of an oil film to lasers. Chapter

16.2 Periodic Waves Example:

16.2 Periodic Waves Example: A wave traveling in the positive x direction has a frequency of 25.0 Hz, as in the figure. Find the (a) amplitude, (b) wavelength, (c) period, and (d) speed of the wave. 1

Sound Waves Practice Problems PSI AP Physics B

Sound Waves Practice Problems PSI AP Physics B Name Multiple Choice 1. Two sound sources S 1 and S 2 produce waves with frequencies 500 Hz and 250 Hz. When we compare the speed of wave 1 to the speed of

Activity 17 Electromagnetic Radiation Why? Electromagnetic radiation, which also is called light, is an amazing phenomenon. It carries energy and has characteristics of both particles and waves. We can

SPH 3U0: Exam Review: Sound Waves and Projectile Motion

SPH 3U0: Exam Review: Sound Waves and Projectile Motion True/False Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false. 1. A trough is a negative pulse which occurs in a longitudinal wave. 2. When

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Exam Name MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) A 660-Hz tone has an intensity level of 54 db. The velocity of sound in air is 345 m/s.

2. A series of ocean waves, 5.0 m between crests, move past at 2.0 waves/s. Find their speed. a. 2.5 m/s c. 8.0 m/s b. 5.0 m/s d.

Sound 1. A sound wave coming from a tuba has a wavelength of 1.50 m and travels to your ears at a speed of 345 m/s. What is the frequency of the sound you hear? a. 517 Hz c. 230 Hz b. 1/517 Hz d. 1/230

The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION PHYSICAL SETTING PHYSICS. Thursday, June 13, 2013 1:15 to 4:15 p.m.

P.S./PHYSICS The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION PHYSICAL SETTING PHYSICS Thursday, June 13, 2013 1:15 to 4:15 p.m., only The possession or use of any communications

Lecture PowerPoints. Chapter 12 Physics: Principles with Applications, 6 th edition Giancoli

Lecture PowerPoints Chapter 12 Physics: Principles with Applications, 6 th edition Giancoli 2005 Pearson Prentice Hall This work is protected by United States copyright laws and is provided solely for

Physics 2A (Fall 2012) Chapters 15: Traveling Waves and Sound and 16: Superposition and Standing Waves

Physics 2A (Fall 2012) Chapters 15: Traeling Waes and Sound and 16: Superposition and Standing Waes There is only one corner of the unierse that you can be certain of improing, and that s your own. Aldous

Chapter 3: Sound waves. Sound waves

Sound waves 1. Sound travels at 340 m/s in air and 1500 m/s in water. A sound of 256 Hz is made under water. In the air, A) the frequency remains the same but the wavelength is shorter. B) the frequency

Principles of Technology CH 12 Wave and Sound 3

Principles of Technology CH 12 Wave and Sound 3 Name KEY OBJECTIVES At the conclusion of this chapter you will be able to: Define the terms constructive interference, destructive interference, resonance,

Constructive and Destructive Interference Conceptual Question

Chapter 16 - solutions Constructive and Destructive Interference Conceptual Question Description: Conceptual question on whether constructive or destructive interference occurs at various points between

1/28/2009. Motion that repeats itself over and over. Rotation and revolution of Earth Back and forth motion of a swing Turning bicycle wheel

Physics: Waves and Sound Dr. Ed Brothers Chemistry and Physics for High School Students Texas A&M (Qatar) January 27, 2009 Harmonic Motion Motion that repeats itself over and over Examples of harmonic

Simple Harmonic Motion(SHM) Harmonic Motion and Waves. Period and Frequency. Period and Frequency

Simple Harmonic Motion(SHM) Harmonic Motion and Waves Vibration (oscillation) Equilibrium position position of the natural length of a spring Amplitude maximum displacement Period and Frequency Period

SOUND. Question Bank in Science Class-IX (Term-II)

Question Bank in Science Class-IX (Term-II) 1 SOUND CONCEPTS 1. Sound is a mechanical energy which produces sensation of hearing.. For hearing sound there must be (i) a vibrating body, (ii) a material

The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION PHYSICAL SETTING PHYSICS. Friday, June 20, 2014 1:15 to 4:15 p.m.

P.S./PHYSICS The University of the State of New York REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION PHYSICAL SETTING PHYSICS Friday, June 20, 2014 1:15 to 4:15 p.m., only The possession or use of any communications device

Unit 4: Science and Materials in Construction and the Built Environment. Sound

8.1 Origin of Sound Sound Sound is a variation in the pressure of the air of a type which has an effect on our ears and brain. These pressure variations transfer energy from a source of vibration that

Wave types. Word Bank TYPES OF WAVE. Student Worksheet 1. Part 1. Transverse Waves. 1 Label the following diagram of a transverse wave:

Student Worksheet 1 Wave types Part 1. Transverse Waves In a transverse wave, the vibrations move at right angles to the direction in which that the longitudinal wave is travelling. Word Bank Amplitude

Ch 26 Chapter Review Q & A s

Ch 26 Chapter Review Q & A s Q: What is the source of all sounds? A: vibrating objects Q: How does pitch relate to frequency? A: Pitch is subjective, but it increases as frequency increases Q: What is

General Physics (PHY 2130)

General Physics (PHY 2130) Lecture 28 Waves standing waves Sound definitions standing sound waves and instruments Doppler s effect http://www.physics.wayne.edu/~apetrov/phy2130/ Lightning Review Last lecture:

Sensemaking TIPERs Instructors Manual Part E & F Copyright 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. 69

E3 SOUD E3-RT01: POLICE CR D MOTORCYCLE SIRE FREQUECY police car with a 600 Hz siren is traveling along the same street as a motorcycle. The velocities of the two vehicles and the distance between them

Unit 12.3 Waves Topic 1: Types of waves

Unit 12.3 Waves Topic 1: Types of waves Topic 1 deals with the properties and types of waves (see Syllabus pp. 28 29). It covers: Longitudinal waves. Transverse waves. Electromagnetic waves. Sound waves.

Chapter 18 4/14/11. Superposition Principle. Superposition and Interference. Superposition Example. Superposition and Standing Waves

Superposition Principle Chapter 18 Superposition and Standing Waves If two or more traveling waves are moving through a medium, the resultant value of the wave function at any point is the algebraic sum