Crete: A preferential island for extensive applications

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1 ISLENET Conference Sustainable Energy Systems for European Island Communities Brussels, March 2006 REGION OF CRETE REGIONAL ENERGY AGENCY Crete: A preferential island for extensive applications of Renewable Energy Sources in Europe and Mediterranean Dr. Nikolas Zografakis Director of the Regional Energy Agency of Crete

2 REGION OF CRETE 13 η Greek Region 5 ο largest island in the Mediterranean Sea 4 Prefectures Area Population GRP Employment Climate Tourism Airports Chania (2376 km 2 ), Rethimno (1496 km 2 ), Heraklion (2642 km 2 ), Lassithi (1821 km 2 ) km 2 (6,3 % of the total area of Greece) (5,5 % of the total Greek population) urban 41,5 %, semi-urban 12,3 %, rural 46,2 % 10,7 % Primary, 11,1 % Secondary, 78,2 % Tertiary 33,6 % Primary, 15,5 % Secondary, 50,9 % Tertiary mild - mediterranean (2003) Over 3 millions arrivals (average staying = 2 weeks) hotels: beds rent apartments: beds Heraklion, Chania, Sitia

3 CRETE: ENERGY CHARACTERISTICS CRETE: ENERGY CHARACTERISTICS CRETE: ENERGY CHARACTERISTICS Total Energy Consumption: TJ (2004) Oil dependence: 86% (61% national Greek average) High potential of RES High potential of Rational Energy Use Electricity demand: 2.500,1 GWh (2004) High rates of electricity & power demand: 4,1% & 6,2% ( ) / 5% & 6,2% ( ) Problem of sufficient electric power NEED OF AN INTEGRATED REGIONAL ENERGY POLICY Energy Consumption per Sector 50,41% 4,18% 1,45% 9,22% 7,30% 22,56% 38,16% 4,32% 39,69% Domestic Use Commercial Use Industrial Use Agriculture Street Lighting Public Use 10,56% 12,15% Domestic Sector Agriculture Industry Tertiary Sector Transportation Electricity Consumption per Activity ENERGY POLICY

4 FACTORS OF REGIONAL ENERGY PROGRAMMING IN CRETE Insularity High rates of social economic development high rates of increase of energy demand High rates of increase of the tertiary sector (tourism, etc.) Low level of industrial activity High cost of energy supply High cost of kwh production (structure of the electricity production system)

5 FACTORS OF REGIONAL ENERGY PROGRAMMING IN CRETE (2) Concentration of inhabitants in the urban areas High potential of Renewable Energy Sources Very important potential of Rational Use of Energy and Energy Saving Strict environmental limitations Connection integration of the energy policy to other policies of development

6 Energy policy and programming of the Region of Crete Unanimous Decisions of the Regional Council of Crete: 11/3/1994 9/5/ /2/1996 4/4/ /12/ /2/2003 Modernisation, environmental upgrading, electricity back-up for the whole electricity system of Crete: network, plant under construction, relocation of plant Maximisation of the RES penetration in the energy system: new private investments for grid and off-grid installations, reverse pumping storage systems, promotion of all forms of RES, MSW energy recovery Maximisation of Rational Use of Energy and Energy Saving installations and measures: new private investments (tourism-services), reduction of electricity peaks... Continuous information-promotion campaigns: raising awareness, involvement of local authorities, interventions to schools, targeted exhibitions brochures

7 ACTIONS ACTION AND IMPLEMENTATION PLAN FOR LARGE-SCALE DEPLOYMENT OF RES IN CRETE Wind farms (MW) 89, Biomass units with agricultural byproducts (MW) Small hydroelectric units (MW) 0,6 6 6 Pumped-Storage units (MW) Photovoltaic installations (MW) 0,2 2 4 Solar Thermal power stations (MW) Solar thermosiphonic systems (m 2 installed) Thermal Units (mean net power* - MW) * mean net power : average of the addition of winter net power plus summer netpower

8 Kisamos Existing and future electricity production units and the electrical grid of Crete New Conventional Units Existing Wind Farms New Wind Farms Existing Conventional Units Biomass Units High/Medium Voltage Transformer Small Hydro Units Pumped Storage Units High Voltage Lines (66kV) High Voltage (150kV) Medium Voltage Lines (15kV) Hania Rethymnon Linoperamata I Heraclion III II Stalida Ag. Nikolaos Sitia Mires Ierapetra Atherinolakos

9 IMPLEMENTATION PLAN FOR THE LARGE SCALE DEPLOYMENT OF RES IN CRETE Tones CO 2 avoided SOLA R HOT WATER PV PS U SMA LL HY DRO BIOMA SS WIND FARMS Tonnes CO2

10 RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES INSTALLATIONS IN CRETE WIND ENERGY: 15 wind parks of total installed power of 92 MW / Electricity ~ 10% -5new parks under construction of total installed capacity 50,05 MW BIOMASS: (Thermal uses: olive oil mills, bakeries, green houses, hotels, dwellings): 8,5% of the total energy consumption / BIOGAS: 2 combined heat/electricity installations (CHP): Waste water treatment of Heraklion and Chania SOLAR THERMAL COLLECTORS: Central/house solar heating systems > m 2 (thermal energy producing ~ 730 TJ ~ 3% of the total energy demand) 20 new pilot central solar heating systems for hotels and SMEs of m 2 total surface SMALL HYDRO: 2 installations of 0,6 MW / Total potential: 6 MW

11 RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES INSTALLATIONS IN CRETE (2) PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS: lighthouses, small hotels of ecological tourism, hotels and dwellings. 30 installations of 0,2 MW / Under construction 20 new installations of total power of 1,2 MW (1.900 MWh) PASSIVE SOLAR SYSTEMS BIOCLIMATIC DWELLINGS: Houses, schools, Research Institutes, etc. / 20 operating installations PILOT PROJECTS: Electricity production by solar thermal plants PUMPING STORAGE SYSTEMS: Studies for big plants / Pilot projects under implementation TOTAL RES INVESTMENTS: Over 170 MEURO

12 PICTURES OF WIND ENERGY AND BIOCLIMATIC INSTALLATIONS IN CRETE

13 PICTURES OF SOLAR SYSTEMS AND PHOTOVOLTAIC INSTALLATIONS IN CRETE

14 PICTURES OF BIOMASS INSTALLATIONS IN CRETE

15 Activity Fields of the Regional Energy Agency of Crete Activity Fields of the Regional Energy Agency of Crete REGIONAL ENERGY POLICY Planning Programming RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES Wind, Solar (Active/Bioclimatic, Passive Solar, Photovoltaics etc.), Biomass, Small Hydro, Others RATIONAL USE & SAVING OF ENERGY Buildings, Industry, Transports ENVIRONMENT CO 2 emissions, Valorization of solid wastes for Energy, Recycling NEW ENERGY TECHNOLOGIES Research Technology / Demonstration etc. In the sectors: Primary: Agriculture Secondary: Industry-Handicraft, SMEs Tertiary: Tourism, Commerce, Services

16 AIMS OF THE REGIONAL ENERGY POLICY: Contribution to its formation in close cooperation with all responsible bodies and in accordance ce with the National and European Energy Policy. COORDINATION of energy programs, projects and activities of the regional and local authorities and the combination with other Community or National Programs (Research and Technology, Environment, Tourism, etc.) PARTICIPATION in European and National Energy Programs and Networks Promotion of European, Mediterranean and International cooperation.

17 AIMS OF THE (2) PROVISION OF NEUTRAL CONSULTANCY SERVICES to interested authorities (legislation, financing ). Financing and carrying out of studies. PROMOTION INFORMATION INFORMATION DISSEMINATION DISSEMINATION- ADVERTISEMENT of programs, technologies and applications of RES, RUE and Energy Environment Environment / Research Technology etc. TRAINING: Programs, seminars, congresses, conferences, workshops, technical visits etc. RAISING AWARENESS of citizens, consumers and energy users.

18 SUCCESS STORIES Regional Energy Policy 38 European competitive programs National programs Conferences Workshops Working meetings Seminars Technical Visits - Exhibitions Public Campaigns Educational and Training Activities Public Buildings Lamps Replacement 3 Educational programs (TEI, etc.) Urban Wastes Rational use of energy in central heating Renewable Energy Sources (for public) RES investment guide for Crete Dissemination Public Information - Awareness

19 Participation in (or cooperation with) Networks of the Regional Energy Agency of Crete Participates in: DEEK: Network of the Greek Energy Agencies and Offices ISLENET European Islands Energy and Environment Network FEDARENE European Federation of Regional Energy and Environmental Agencies EUFORES ELFORES European and Hellenic Forum for Renewable Energy Sources EnR/SAVE European Energy Network for IRP-DSM-LCP ICS International Solar Society Cooperates with: CERE, CREE, OPET

20 INFORMATIVE BROCHURES PUBLISHED & DISTRIBUTED BY THE 1 Information Brochure for the Profile and the Targets of the Regional Energy Agency of Crete. Distributed in the framework of meetings, conferences, speeches etc. Information Brochure for Children for the Management and Disposal of the Solid Urban Wastes. It has already distributed ( leaflets) to Cretan schools. Its distribution continues to the citizens, schools and during meetings, conferences etc. Detailed report of a relevant European project: Implementation Plan for the Large scale Deployment of Renewable Energy Sources in Crete. Distributed to target authorities and organisations.

21 INFORMATIVE BROCHURES PUBLISHED & DISTRIBUTED BY THE 2 Leaflet for the Energy for Environment and Future: Renewable Energy Sources in Crete. Distributed to schools and to the public. Investment Guide for RES for the Local Authorities and Private Investors. It has already been distributed to relevant bodies, Municipalities and possible investors. It is distributed during meetings and conferences. Informative leaflet for Biodiesel as an environmentally friendly fuel. Distributed to target groups

22 INFORMATIVE BROCHURES PUBLISHED & DISTRIBUTED BY THE 3 Information material of a relevant European Project: New and Renewable Energy Technologies for European islands. Distributed to target groups Information material of a relevant European Project: Waste Management in Island Communities: Waste-to-Energy Policies. Distributed to target groups

23 Special visual and educational material produced by REAC and distributed or demonstrated to students of Crete Poster with advices for energy saving in the students rooms and homes Pencil-cases with printed logos for energy saving and RES Wooden helicopters with printed logo for RES (operating with small PV cell) Small wooden windturbine with printed logo for RES (operating with small PV cell)

24 Implementation of the FEE project in Heraklion Prefecture during the school-year with the collaboration of the 1 st Grade Education Directorate of Heraklion and its Department for Environmental Education Number of Participating Schools, Classes and Students Number of Schools 9* Number of Classes 26 5th Grade Classes 13 6th Grade Classes 13 Total number of students 554 * 6 Public Primary Schools - 2 Private Primary Schools 1 Public Primary School in rural area

25 BIODIESEL IN CRETE PILOT ACTIONS OF REAC BIODIESEL IN CRETE PILOT ACTIONS OF REAC Crete: Main touristic destination Huge production of used vegetable fats and oils in restaurants, hotels, etc. Possibilities of biodiesel production Identification of quantities and collection scenarios of used oils / Investors information Testing biodiesel (mixed with diesel in several percentages) in two public buses for several months / Cooperation with scientific bodies OTHER ACTIONS: Training of Greek technicians in Biodiesel / Development- Distribution of related DVD in Greek / Related signs on the buses/ Articles

26 INFORMATIVE VISUAL MATERIAL (DVD) FOR RES IN EUROPEAN ISLANDS 50 minutes DVD shows European islands (and Crete) are ideal for wide exploitation of Renewables 8 bodies and companies from Crete present their experience and activities in RES, proving Crete s possibilities to transform in an energy sustainable community Wide (and with no charge) distribution of the DVD in Crete s related bodies and Greek organisations

27 INTERREG III C East Enercy'regio - Action Programme for Strengthening the Energy Efficiency and Source Saving by Sustainable Local Development in European Regions Sub-projects: European Energy Award / Local Authorities Practical training in Companies Schools + Energy Innovation + Energy Regional campaigns

28 ISLANDS SPECIFITIES: Recognition of island status by EU Treaties: Maastricht Treaty (art. 154) Amsterdam Treaty (Art. 158) Permanent structural handicaps: lower GDP < 75% EC ~ objective 1 regions Isolated systems / small markets / Fragile ecosystems / Energy water waste problems / Tourism pressure Political action and visibility Interregional inter-islands islands cooperation Networking CPMR Islands Commission ISLENET AOSIS / INSULA / ESIN

29 CO-OPERATION WITH ISLENET The island of Crete is one of the founding members of ISLENET Actual Presidency of the Islands Commission: Crete Dissemination point of ISLENET activities to the Greek islands Many common Projects (recent ones: RE-ISLANDS, WTE-ISLE, Green Hotel, El Hierro, 3-NITY) Need for fostering the cooperation: strategy issues / concrete projects islands: demonstration areas for RES and environmental technologies

30 Award by the European Commission of the Region of Crete and its Regional Energy Agency for Renewable Energy Sources The Region of Crete and its Regional Energy Agency is one of the thirty (30) first official partners of the European Commission in the framework of «Renewable Energy Sources Take-Off Campaign in Europe». The Region of Crete and its Regional Energy Agency were awarded in 2001 with the first Award for the Best Regional Renewable Energy Partnership in Europe, for the programming, the promotion and establishing Renewable Energy Sources plants in Crete

31 REGION OF CRETE CRETE: A PREFERENTIAL AREA FOR EXTENSIVE APPLICATIONS OF RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES IN EUROPE AND MEDITERRANEAN

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