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1 INTERREG III B ArchiMed APULIA REGION Department of Transport and Communication CY.RO.N.MED PROJECT CYcle ROute Network of the MEDiterranean EUROPEAN UNION CY.RO.N.MED PROJECT A CYcle ROute Network of the MEDiterranean PIC Interreg III B ArchiMed CYCLE ROUTES OF APULIA REGION FEASIBILITY STUDY ABSTRACT DECEMBER

2 INDEX I Introduction Foreword The present scenariio scenario and the devellopment development perspectiives perspectives of the cyclle cycle networks EUROVELO: the European Cyclle Cycle Route Network BICITALIA: the Italliian Italian Natiionall National Cyclle Cycle Route Network The CY.RO.N.MED Project Projject Project descriiptiion description and objjectiives objectives Obtaiined Obtained resullts results The CY.RO.N.MED Project in Apulia The covered terriitory territory The covered muniiciipalliitiies municipalities The rellatiionshiips relationships wiith with the system of the iinfrastructure infrastructure networks The rellatiionshiips relationships wiith with the system of the hiistoriic-archiitecturall historic-architectural heriitage heritage The rellatiionshiips relationships wiith with the system of the enviironmental environmenta ll heriitage heritage Parks and protected areas iin in Apulliia Apulia Accommodatiion Accommodation faciilliitiies facilities and serviices services avaiillablle available for cyclle cycle touriists tourists The Allbergabiicii Albergabici iin in Apulliia Apulia The resources for developing the CY.RO.N.MED. network Survey of the exiistiing existing cyclliing cycling pllans plans and projjects projects Survey of the potentiiall potential cyclliing cycling resources The present cycle state of the CY.RO.N.MED route CY.RO.N.MED. routes Route no. 3: La viia via deii Pellllegriinii Pellegrini (EV5) The present cyclle cycle degree of Viia Via deii Pellllegriinii Pellegrini Route 6: Viia Via Adriiatiica Adriatica The present cyclle cycle degree of Viia Via Adriiatiica Adriatica Route 10: Viia Via deii Borbonii The present cyclle cycle degree of Viia Via deii Borbonii Borboni Route 11: Allta Alta viia via dellll''italliia dell'italia Centralle Centrale The present cyclle cycle degree of Allta Alta Viia Via dellll''ital dell'italliia ia Centralle Centrale Route 14: Viia Via deii Tre Marii The present cyclle cycle degree of Viia Via deii Tre Marii Mari Feasibility of operations Methodollogy Methodology for cost estiimatiion estimation Abacus of the typiicall typical operatiions operations Necessary Investments to iimpllement implement the CY.R.ON.MED. cyclle cycle route network

3 Innt I trroodduucct tioonn It is commonly known that Apulia has not a particular tradition of cycling. On one hand, the bicycle is commonly considered as a toy for children, as fitness equipment or as an alternative means of transport which was used once by our grandparents in the villages and the countryside. Certainly, in our Region, the bicycle is not at all considered as a modern, useful and functional means of transport. On the other hand, the regional politics has neither included the bicycle and the necessary cycle infrastructures in the political agenda, nor has it included the cycle mobility among the tools for sustainable planning and managing of the territory. Nevertheless, the Apulia regional Committee in office has decided, for the first time, to lead an international partnership and to apply for funding under the Programme Interreg III B Archimed with the aim to implement a project of study for a Mediterranean Cycle Route Network made up by the medium-to-long routes of the trans-european Cycle Route Network EuroVelo and the Italian cycle route network Bicitalia crossing the territories of the local Authorities, partners of the project. This initiative, the first of this kind in Southern Europe, was conceived and coordinated by the Councillorship of Transport of Region Apulia and saw the active participation of the Regions Basilicata, Campania and Calabria, as well as the Greek Municipalities of Athens and Karditsa, the Ministry of Urban Development of Malta and the Board of Tourism of Cyprus, that wanted to share this innovative and original project. This project enabled Apulia not only to define the main cycle routes of the EuroVelo and Bicitalia networks crossing the region, which have now to become effectively usable for cycle purposes through the realization of suitable infrastructures, but also to detect other kinds of roads, such as reclamation roads, service roads and abandoned railways which, appropriately restructured and valorised, will become new safe and pleasant cycle roads, at the advantage not only of the direct users, that is to say urban cyclists and cycle tourists, but also of the environment and the local economies. That is just the beginning and we are walking an uphill road. However there are all the prerequisites so that Apulia becomes not only a laboratory for cycle mobility but also, thanks to the CYRONMED project, a cycle bridge between the West and the East. Mario Loizzo Councillorship of Transport and Communication Apulia Region 3

4 11 FFoorreewoorrdd TThhee pprreesseennt t sscceennaarri ioo aanndd thhee t ddeevveel looppmeennt t ppeerrssppeecct tivveess oof f thhee t ccyyccl lee nneet twoorrkkss The safe use of the bicycle as customary transportation means and the implementation of short, medium and long cycle route networks integrated with railway/bus stations, ports and airports, helps to develop forms of sustainable mobility, to reduce oil consumption, to combat against greenhouse gas emissions responsible for the climate change, to valorise environment and local economies, and to promote healthy lifestyles. Cycle tourism is one of the most widespread tourism forms and leisure activities in Central and Northern Europe. About ten million Europeans spend their holidays using bicycles in some form. In 2005, as many as 45.4% of the Germans used the bicycle during their holidays and during the next three years over 10% of them will choose cycling holidays. Italy ranks among the preferred destinations. Mediterranean cruises, ship + bike, are also increasing. Cycle tourists are attracted to countries provided with cycling infrastructures and non-motorized users are ensured both safety and services. At present, the southern European countries do not possess those conditions favouring cycling transportation and tourism, but they can bridge the delay by favouring the implementation of integrated cycle route networks as a factor for a sustainable local development in the general framework of the territorial planning instruments. The CYRONMED project Cycle Route Network of the Mediterranean, funded with PIC Interreg IIIB Archimed funds, promoted and coordinated by the Councillorship of Transports of Region Apulia represents, under this perspective, a very important opportunity for the whole international partnership adhering to the project idea. The feasibility study of Cyronmed, which is made up by the cycle routes no. 5, 7, 8 and 11 of the European Cycle Route Network EuroVelo and no. 6, 10, 11 and 14 of the Italian cycle route network Bicitalia crossing the territories of the project partners, has detected the most important cycle routes of the trans-regional and transnational networks around which the regional, provincial and local networks shall be developed. CYRONMED gives Southern Italy, in general, and Apulia, in particular, the character of a cycling territory, a territory that can be visited by the most sustainable means of transport such as the bike EEUROVVEELLO: : thhee t EEuurrooppeeaann Cyyccl lee Roouuttee Neet twoorrkk EuroVelo is a project of transnational cycle route network crossing the whole of the European continent. It is made up by 12 major routes which shall connect Dublin and Moscow, Northern Cape and Malta, the Strait of Gibraltar and Cyprus. The project EuroVelo, with its 65,380 km cycle ways, is aimed not only to the construction of new cycle ways but also to the detection and networking of both the already existing cycle ways and of those planned at local, regional and national level. Launched in 1995 by the European Cyclists Federation, EuroVelo is a true trans-european transport network for sustainable mobility and tourism. EuroVelo commits the EU to promote the use of bicycles, as a means of local transport favouring an environment-friendly tourism, that can be used autonomously and in connection with public and collective transport infrastructures. 4

5 The possibility that a local cycle route is connected to a sustainable pan-european transport network is an interesting perspective for citizens, administrators and decision-makers of all communities. The major EuroVelo cycle routes are aimed not only at connecting towns among them, but also at crossing them, thus enabling cyclists, both local ones and tourists, to get to the heart of the historical centres. The EuroVelo corridors are usually detected according to a relevant geographical or cultural theme (for example along a river or a coastline, a pilgrims way, etc.). Moreover, they are intended to favour physical activity, environmental awareness and international contacts. EuroVelo covers Italy because of the passage of 3 cycle routes: - from Northern Cape to Malta along the Ciclopista del Sole up to Sicily (the most important route of Bicitalia); - from Gibraltar to Athens across the Padana Plane; - from London to Brindisi along the Romea-Francigena Way. These routes, cutting out wide areas of the Italian peninsula, highlighted the lack of a project for a national cycle route network BICITTALLI IA: : thhee t ItI taal liiaann Naatti ioonnaal l Cyyccl lee Roouut tee Neet twoorrkk In Italy, EuroVelo has been integrated by Bicitalia, a project for a national cycle route network proposed by the FIAB Onlus (Italian Federation Friends of the Bicycle) in An extensive network, with 14 major routes crossing the whole of Italy from north to south and from east to west for over 15,000 km of cycle ways, like the networks realized successfully in several European countries. The fourteen major routes are: 1. Ciclopista del Sole. 2. Via del Po e delle Lagune. 3. Via dei Pellegrini. 4. Vie dei fiumi veneti. 5. Via Romea. 6. Via Adriatica. 7. Romagna-Versilia. 8. Conero Argentario. 9. Via Salaria. 10. Via dei Borboni. 11. Alta via dell'italia centrale. 12. Via Pedemontana Alpina. 13. Via dei Tratturi. 14. Via dei Tre Mari. 5

6 A series of alternative routes connecting the ways reported in the Table shall complete the network thus enabling to reach important destinations and to pass the border towards the European cycle ways. Apulia is crossed by five routes of the Network Bicitalia, of which one overlaps the route no. 5 of EuroVelo. More in details: - Route no. 3, Via dei Pellegrini, connected to the Via Francigena, begins from Chiasso/Como, gets to Rome and continues to Brindisi along long stretches of the Appian Way, on the way to Jerusalem. It overlaps route EV5 ; - Route no. 6, Via Adriatica, connects Ravenna to S. Maria di Leuca, touching the Riviera Romagnola; - Route no. 10, Via dei Borboni, connects the southern most important town, from Bari to Ruvo, Castel del Monte and then Potenza, Avellino, Salerno, Naples; - Route no. 11, Alta via dell'italia centrale, connects the plateaus and the Parks of Central Italy, from the Casentino Woods to the Gargano promontory; - Route no. 14, Via dei Tre Mari, connects three seas, the Adriatic, the Ionian and the Tyrrhenian, from Otranto to Taranto up to Sapri, from the planes of Apulia and Lucania to the first Pollino heights. 22 TThhee CY..RO.N.MED Prrooj jeecct t PPrrooj jeecct t ddeessccrri ippt tioonn aanndd oobbj jeecct tivveess The CY.RO.N.MED project - Cycle Route Network of the Mediterranean, funded by the Programme Interreg IIIB ArchiMed (Mediterranean Archipelago), is aimed to the study of a Mediterranean cycle route network. The project involves four regions of Southern Italy (Apulia, Campania, Calabria and Basilicata), the Ministry of Urban Development of Malta, the Greek Municipalities of Athens and Karditsa and the Board of Tourism of Cyprus. The CYRONMED project consists of: a) The realization of the feasibility study for a Mediterranean cycle route network, made up by the long-distance routes no. 5, 7, 8 and 11 of the European Cycle Route Network EuroVelo and no. 6, 10, 14 of the Italian cycle route network BicItalia, limitedly to the EU regions of the Mediterranean basins participating to the Programme ARCHIMED; b) The formulation of strategies aimed at developing cycle tourism in the Archimed area; c) The elaboration and the publication of a technical handbook for the realization of the cycle route network. In the present project Region Apulia, Cyronmed lead partner, has played a key role in the promotion and spread of transnational, sustainable transport models in the Euro-Mediterranean area, consistent with the principles set out in the White Book on Transport by the European Commission underlining the relevance of alternative, sustainable and intermodal transport networks and of secondary connections. 6

7 Picture 2.1: EuroVelo cycle route network in the ARCHIMED area For the preparation of the present feasibility study, which detects five cycle routes and related variants, Region Apulia established a work group. The various study steps (including detection of the cycling corridors, analysis of the existing and potential cycling resources including plans and projects, cycle routes, rural and service roads, cattle roads, river banks, abandoned railway infrastructures, lowtraffic roads), were aimed to estimate the costs and time for both the planning and the execution of the detected cycling infrastructures integrating the long-distance cycle route networks BicItalia and EuroVelo. Both the planning and the execution of the detected transnational cycle routes shall be funded with the Regional Funds Obbt taai inneedd rreessuul ltss Before it was completed, the Cyronmed project generated some remarkable results. Last 16 th July 2007, upon proposal by the Apulia Regional Councillor of Transport, the regional Railway Board signed a protocol of understanding aimed to develop intermodal transport bike + train and committed to eliminate infrastructural, organizational and tariff obstacles. The immediate effect of the agreement was the abolition of the bike ticket, enabling the free transport of the passengers bikes on the regional trains. Such an initiative by Region Apulia was the first of this kind in Italy. Moreover, CYRONMED was included in the regional Plan of Transport, which is now being revised. Meet thhooddool llooggyy One of the key objectives of the present feasibility study is the detailed definition of the five layouts, proposed by the Ministry of the Environment, and aimed to the realization in Apulia of a national cycle network, Bicitalia, to be integrated with the international cycle network EuroVelo (see La rete nazionale di percorribilità ciclistica. Studio di fattibilità September 2002). The project, realizing the proposal for a national cycle route network recommended by the CIPE deliberation no. 1 of the 1 st February 2001, was transmitted to the Regions by the Cycling Work Group established through a decree by the Ministry of Infrastructures of 30 th November The work was carried out in three phases: 1. Detection, on detailed maps (IGM Sheets 1:50.000), of the ways foreseen by the Ministry of the Environment with the help of the FIAB associations that, thanks to their knowledge of the territory, helped in this initial step; 7

8 2. Verification of the state of the roads and of the local areas concerned by means of surveys aimed to verify the following aspects: - Infrastructure cycling suitability (gradient, shoulders, etc.); - Road conditions hindering the realization of the cycle route (narrow roadways, high traffic, dangerous crossings, etc.); - Definition of the works to be realized in the various layout parts aimed to improve cycling features (signs, borders protecting reserved lanes, shoulder paving, etc..); 3. Systematization of the collected road data into a road database kept by Region Apulia Councillorship of Tourism, in GIS environment and consultable in Tecnopolis CSATA S.c.r.l. The database contains data on the Apulia road network (road name, length, municipality, etc.) integrated with: - Path name (in relation to the classification decided by Bicitalia and EuroVelo); - Gradient; - Traffic flow; - Paving type; - Paving state; - Type of planned improvements. The interrogation of the database enabled to obtain data useful for CY.RO.N.MED and to draw up 126 summary sheets collecting the data on the route stretch crossing each single municipal area. Starting from these preliminary data, an estimate of the execution costs could be done. 8

9 33 TThhee CY..RO.N.MED Prrooj jeecct t inn i Appuul liaa TThhee ccoovveerreedd teerrrri t itoorryy Thanks to its geographical position, stretching out into the Mediterranean at the farthest east of Italy, and to its flat territory delimited on one side by the Apennines, Apulia is the ideal connection among the European cycle route networks and the Balkan and the Mediterranean ones. Apulia with its km coastline, 51.2% of which cliffs and 48.8% low rocky coasts and beaches, is the Italian region with the longest coastline. Its territory is largely flat and that is why Apulia is the least mountainous region of Italy. The whole regional territory covers a surface of 19,357 sq km. And it is made up of: 53.2% planes, or 1,030,477 hectars; 45.3% hills, or 876,603 hectars; divided into: 31.6% internal hills, equal to hectars 13.7% coastal hills, equal to hectars 1.5% mountains (more than 700 m. high), or 28,645 hectars 1.48% 31.60% 53.23% MMM 13.69% Montagna Collina interna Collina litoranea Pianura The highest peaks of the Region are Mount Cornacchia, 1,151 m., located within the framework of the Apennines near the Tavoliere Plain, and Mount Calvo, 1,050 m., located in the Gargano Promontory, while the Murge Plateau is between 400 and 650 m high. Though Apulia s average height is quite uniform and its surface is almost flat, one can distinguish very different landscapes characterising the region s sub-areas: the Gargano Promontory, the Tavoliere Plain, the Murgia Plateau, and the Salento Peninsula. Each of the structures of these four large landscape systems, characterising Apulia from north to south in a progressive smoothening of the natural (the Appenines) and artificial macro-structures (infrastructure network system) fading in southern Salento, is further enriched and diversified by parallel stretches lying between the sub-apennines and the Ionian on one side, and the Adriatic on the other side, determined by the narrow and elongated form of the Apulia peninsula. The network of the cycle routes detected by CyronMed explores all the diversified landscapes of Apulia; it runs not only longitudinally along the Adriatic waterfront and along the Ionian arch up to the middle of the Fossa Bradanica throughout the Terra delle Gravine, but also transversally connecting in the north the peaks of the Sub Apennino Dauno with the Gargano promontory across the Tavoliere Plain, overcoming in Terra di Bari the Murgia plateaus, and connecting the Ionian coasts to the Adriatic ones across the High Salento and the territory of Lecce. 9

10 Picture 3.1: CY.RO.N.MED. routes The five major CyronMed cycle routes cross all the provinces of Apulia with a total length of 1, km. About 31% lie in the province of Foggia, amidst the Sub-Apennines, the Tavoliere and the Gargano. Table 3.1: CY.RO.N.MED routes Route: 3 Province Via dei Pellegrini - EV 5 Route: 6 Via Adriatica* Route: 10 Via dei Borboni Route: 11 Alta via dell'italia centrale* Route: 14 Via dei tre mari Municip. Length Municip. Length Municip. Length Municip. Length Municip. Length no. km no. km no. km no. km no. km Foggia Bari Brindisi Lecce Taranto Region Apulia * The route total length includes also the alternative routes Total Km. 1, Cyronmed major routes and related alternative routes were detected in the existing road network, according to a low traffic standard. Specific operations have been designed in order to improve their cycling suitability. Also other existing territorial resources, such as service roads (drainage, wood, aqueduct roads) and dismissed railway infrastructures, properly restructured in order to improve their cycling suitability, can become remarkable cycling infrastructures, as they are separated from vehicle traffic or simply cross places relevant from the environment or landscape points of view. 10

11 Table 3.1: Length in km of the CYRONMED routes per Province Province Route length Ratio km % Foggia Bari Brindisi Lecce Taranto Region Apulia 1, Lecce 19% rapporto tra province pugliesi nella lunghezza degli itinerari CyronMed Brindisi 10% Taranto 13% Bari 24% Foggia 34% The Via Adriatica, with its km, is the longest route and it runs along the whole Adriatic coast, from Lesina to Cape Santa Maria di Leuca, touching all the major coastal towns of Apulia. The other 4 routes have an average length of 250 km, as they cross the region transversally, connecting the coast with the internal areas of Apennines. The longest ones are the Via dei Pellegrini (282 km) and the Via dei Tre Mari, (264 km). The Via dei Borboni (Route 10) connects the Municipalities of the province of Bari, except for Laterza (Taranto), while the Alta via dell Italia Centrale in Apulia runs only across the province of Foggia. lunghezza in km degli itinerari CYRONMED 14 - Via dei tre mari 264, Alta via dell'italia centrale* 198, Via dei borboni 224,6 6 - Via adriatica* 684, Via dei pellegrini 281, * The total route length includes also the alternative routes TThhee ccoovveerreedd muunni icci ippaal litieess 126 municipalities have their territories crossed by the five major cycle CYRONMED routes, 39 in the province of Lecce, 32 in the province of Foggia, 28 in the province of Bari, 17 in the province of Taranto and 10 in the province of Brindisi: Table 3.2: Comparison between the population and the Municipalities involved by CYRONMED and the population and the Municipalities of Apulia Province Population of Apulia CYRONMED Apulia CYRONMED Municipalities Municipalities Population Municipalities Bari ,559,662 1,223,153 Taranto , ,521 Foggia , ,958 Brindisi , ,181 Lecce , ,285 Apulia Total ,020,807 2,758,098 11

12 confronto tra Comuni pugliesi e quelli attraversati da CYRONMED confronto tra popolazione pugliese e quella coinvolta da CYRONMED Bari Taranto Foggia Brindisi Lecce Bari Taranto Foggia Brindisi Lecce Comuni Puglia Comuni CYRONMED popolazione Puglia popolazione Comuni CYRONMED Near half (49%) of the Apulia municipalities are crossed by CyronMed routes, involving 2,758,098 inhabitants or 68.6% of the Apulia total population. The highest number of municipalities included in the CyronMed area located in the provinces of Foggia and Lecce TThhee rreel laat tioonnsshhi ippss withh thhee t ssyysst teem oof f thhee t innf i frraasst trruucct tuurree nneet twoorrkkss The modal integration of the cycle routes with the other transport networks is strategic with regard to commuters and tourists. Intermodality between bike and collective and public transport means that people can travel with their own bikes by train/bus/plane/ship, and find in the transit stations, ports and airports, all the infrastructures facilitating the movement of bikes (ramps, elevators, signs) and the offer of services (warning signs, bike racks, assistance, depots), but also the possibility to park/deposit their bikes in suitable equipped areas or to rent a bike to be given back there or somewhere else. The most successful examples are the French or Swiss Velostations, i. e. centres in the railway or bus stations, where riders can find technical assistance, bike rental, parking and deposit services. It is also fundamental that stations, ports and airports can be reached using safe cycle routes. Out of the 126 Municipalities directly involved in CYRONMED routes, 22 or more than 17% of them have a port. Of these ports the most important ones, with regard to their tourist and cruise potentials, are those of Brindisi and Bari with positive effects on the internal areas of the Apulia territory. All the geographic areas of Apulia have railway stations of the Trenitalia and Sud-Est railway networks, the latter characterising particularly the Salento. 66 or 55% of the Municipalities crossed by Cyronmed are served by railway stations, of which 20 with Sud-Est railway stations, 11 with Ferrovie del Gargano railway stations, 6 with Ferrovie Bari Nord railway stations, 7 with Ferrovie Appulo-Lucane railway stations and 32 with Trenitalia railway stations. Bari, Lecce and Taranto are very important junctions between the Trenitalia network and the other railway networks. Of course, these infrastructures can become an important intermodality occasion only if they are integrated with suitable services effectively available for cyclists. Table 3.3: Infrastructures in the areas covered by CYROMED CYRONMED Provinces ports airports Total railway stations Ferrovie SUD-EST railway stations Ferrovie Bari Nord railway stations Ferrovie Apulolucane railway stations Ferrovie Gargano railway stations TRENITALIA railway stations FOGGIA BARI BRINDISI LECCE TARANTO APULIA TOTAL

13 Picture 3.2: The Cyronmed routes and the major intermodal exchange junctions TThhee rreel laat tioonnsshhi ippss withh thhee t ssyysst teem oof f thhee t hhi isst toorri icc- -aarrcchhi iteecct tuurraal l hheerri itaaggee The CYRONMED cycle route network plays a remarkable role in connecting the whole range of historic-architectural monuments available in Apulia. Apulia s rich cultural heritage is made up not only by very relevant historical remains, but also by the widespread witness of the long stratification of human settlements, characterising the territory. Two Unesco sites (Castel del Monte and the Trulli of Alberobello), the system of fortifications including 150 coastal towers and several castles, of which 35 can be visited, about 100 palaces and historical houses, 111 museums and picture galleries, 9 historical theatres, 1,042 churches, of which around 300 of tourist interest, such as cathedrals, basilicas, abbeys, rural churches, Romanesque and Baroque cathedrals, towns of art of which 7 included in the circuit Borghi più belli d Italia and 2 to the circuit Bandiere Arancioni, 31 historical squares, several archaeological parks, show the attractiveness of the regional territory towards cultural tourism TThhee rreel laat tioonnsshhi ippss withh thhee t ssyysst teem oof f thhee t eennvvi irroonnmeennt taal l hheerri itaaggee Located in the middle of the Mediterranean, Region Apulia is a border land, a meeting place between western and eastern biodiversities. Middle-eastern landscapes, like the sunny Mediterranean steppe and the northern landscapes go side by side in a region representing the sum of the Mediterranean bioma. Apulia is the most eastern region of Italy, because of its geographical position, artistic and archaeological witnesses, as well as of its flora and fauna. Shaped by the thousand-year human settlements, the nature of Apulia has learnt to live together with the traditional business and architectural activities. Nature, its living creatures and landscapes represent the identity of the Region. 13

14 Thanks to the Directive no. 79/409 Conservation of wild birds and 92/43 Conservation of natural habitats, aimed to the construction of a large European ecologic network of special conservation areas named Nature Network 2000, in Apulia have been detected 93 sites of which: o 77 Sites of Community relevance o 16 Special Protected Areas With a total surface of 672,573 hectares, or 34.40% of the whole regional surface PPaarrkkss aanndd pprrootteecct teedd aarreeaass inn i Appuul liaa Natural systems and biodiversity in Apulia are protected by means of Parks and natural Reserves aimed to combat environmental emergencies and/or to protect natural elements of particular value and interest. Until now in Apulia have been established: o 2 National Parks (Gargano and Alta Murgia); o 15 State natural reserves of which 8 (Falascone, Foresta Umbra, Ischitella and Carpino, Island Varano, Lake Lesina eastern part, Mount Barone, Frattarolo, Sfilzi) are included in the National Park of Gargano, o 3 Protected Marine Areas (Tremiti Islands, Torre Guaceto and Porto Cesario) o 17 Parks and regional Reserves The CYRONMED cycle route network is certainly a light infrastructure promoting models of sustainable mobility for the best possible knowledge of the diverse natural and landscape heritage of Apulia. The system of Parks and natural Reserves, together with the sites of the network Natura 2000, represent an added value of the routes detected by CYRONMED, as they offer the cycle tourist the possibility to pass through the most remarkable and breathtaking landscapes of the Mediterranean area. Out of 21 Parks and national and regional Reserves at present established in Apulia, as many as 18 (or 86%) are crossed by the 5 major cycle routes detected in the CYRONMED project. At present, as many as 73 municipal areas of Apulia are included in Parks and national and regional Reserves, of which 57 (or 78%) are crossed by CYRONMED cycle routes Accccoommooddaat tioonn faacci f ilitieess aanndd sseerrvvi icceess aavvaai ilaabbl lee foorr f ccyyccl lee toouurri t isst tss Out of 201,477 beds available in the whole region, as many as 188,600, or 93.6%, are touched by CYRONMED routes. The cycle routes detected by the present study will support 78.5% of the accommodation facilities of Apulia. The CYRONMED cycle network can play a fundamental role for the regional tourist sector: - Favouring the connection among the accommodation facilities of Apulia and the historiccultural and environmental-natural heritage of the region scattered throughout the regional territory, thus qualifying the way in which such places shall be enjoyed by tourists; - Generating new forms of collaboration among the operators of the sector; - Supplying further services to the accommodation facilities of Apulia which can be better found by cycle-tourists and cycle-excursionists; - Offering an important opportunity to deseasonalize tourism flows to Apulia. Table 3.4: Accommodation facilities and available beds according to type Foggia Cyronmed hotels beds agritourism facilities beds private rental accomm. 14 beds campings beds other beds Total facilities , , , ,633 Foggia , , , ,104 Bari Cyronmed , , ,712 Bari , , ,723 Brindisi Cyronmed 59 7, , , ,632 Total beds

15 Brindisi 67 8, , , ,578 Lecce Cyronmed , , , , ,380 Lecce , , , , ,552 Taranto Cyronmed 60 5, , ,241 Taranto 78 6, , ,520 Total Apulia Cyronmed , , , , ,598 Total Apulia , , , , , TThhee Albbeerrggaabbi icci i inn i Appuul liaa The Albergabici service promoted by the FIAB is a portal, the only one existing in Italy at the moment, dedicated exclusively to the accommodation of cycle tourists and aimed to the matching of accommodation demand and offer. The data is entered free and directly by the single facilities and have to be updated at least once a year, in order to ensure accurate and clear information. Albergabici does not aim to certify the facilities suitable for cyclists, but its aim is the networking of useful information, which cannot be easily obtained by those travelling by bike or by excursionists visiting the surroundings of their holiday places. At present, it collects 1,600 facilities including hotels, agritourisms facilities, bed & breakfast, camping sites and hostels offering the services usually required by cycle tourists. For example: the possibility to sleep even just for one night, to park overnight the bike in a suitable shed, to find a place equipped to repair bikes or a validated bike mechanic nearby; the availability of cycle routes or railway stations in the surroundings; the availability of maps and guides useful for bike trips, and so on. At present, only 87 Albergabici have entered their data in Apulia. This shows how cycle tourism is still scarcely known and underestimated by the regional accommodation facilities. However very little is needed for a hotel to become a hotel for cyclists. In the 121 Municipalities crossed by CYRONMED routes, there are 72 Albergabici associated or 83% out of the total accommodation facilities for cycle tourists of the whole region. Taranto 4 Lecce 32 Foggia 13 Brindisi 10 Bari Albergabici in Apulia interested by CYRONMED The province of Lecce shows the largest number (32) of joined facilities, and it is a town of Salento, Gallipoli, together with Vieste in the Gargano Promontory (8 facilities each), to have the leadership. Other places with a minimum of accommodation facilities are Ostuni (4 Albergabici) and then Gravina di Puglia, San Giovanni Rotondo, Otranto and Santa Maria di Leuca with 3 Albergabici each. 15

16 44 TThhee rreessoouurrcceess foorr f ddeevveel looppi inngg thhee t CY..RO.N.MED.. nneet twoorrkk SSuurrvveeyy oof f thhee t eexxi isst tinngg ccyyccl linngg ppl laannss aanndd pprrooj jeecct tss The survey of the existing cycling plans and projects consisted of the collection of all the plans and projects, already implemented, ongoing or simply planned in Apulia, which make up one of the basic elements to prepare the feasibility study for the Apulia CY.RON.MED network. Initially, the activity was aimed to detect a list of municipalities and local institutions which could supply useful information, and to the preparation and administration of a questionnaire to be proposed to the institutional players. The questionnaire, besides the usual information concerning the board general data, collected also general information on cycle plans and routes, specific and technical information on the prospective cycle route and the availability of maps. In all, the involved municipalities were 107, of which 17 in the province of Bari, 7 in the province of Barletta-Andria-Trani, 12 in the province of Brindisi, 30 in the province of Lecce, 26 in the province of Foggia and 15 in that of Taranto. Also the 5 provinces of Apulia, the Councillorship of Environment of Region Apulia and 17 Local Action Groups were involved as well. The activity aimed also to the collection of the cycle plans and projects funded under POR Puglia, not yet realized but in their planning stage; moreover, we were also given the study previously carried out by the Environment Task Force of Region Apulia. All the collected material has been summarized in the sheets illustrating, for each detected route and for each municipality, the mapping of the route, the technical information and the funds awarded. The results were then entered into the geo-database of the CYRONMED Information System. Picture 4.1: Cyronmed routes and existing cycling projects 105 (or 40.7%) are the Municipalities of Apulia variously involved in: Cycle plans and plans for reducing traffic funded under POR Puglia measure 5.2; 16

17 Projects for the realization of cycle paths funded under POR Puglia measure 5.2; Already existing cycle paths Of the 105 Municipalities involved in Cycle Plans and Projects as many as 89 (or 85%) are also being included in routes Bicitalia. Picture 4.2: Example of a sheet for the survey of cycle plans 10 Of the collected projects (, 10) are already existing, (and) 39 funded under POR Puglia, and for 8 of them the executive project has already been approved (data updated April 2007), beyond the 16 routes planned in the province of Lecce, 2 of which already existing. The cycle plans funded under POR Puglia are 5, of which 1 in the province of Bari, 2 in the province of Foggia, 1 in the province of Taranto and 1 in that of Brindisi SSuurrvveeyy oof f thhee t ppoot teennt tiaal l ccyyccl linngg rreessoouurrcceess A further survey has been conducted on all the existing local resources potentially useful for the development of the Apulia cycle route network, such as cattle roads, abandoned railways, service roads of the Reclamation Consortia, aqueduct lines, fire control roads in the woods, located in peculiar natural-environmental contexts which, after appropriate repairs, can become true greenways with no vehicle traffic. The involved Boards are: Fer-Servizi s.p.a. (Bari); Consorzio di Bonifica Terre d Apulia (Bari); Settore Foreste della Regione Puglia(Bari); Consorzio Li Foggi (Ugento); Acquedotto Pugliese (Bari); Consorzio dell Arneo (Nardò); Consorzio Stornara e Tara (Taranto); The results of the survey of all the layouts potentially useful for cycling were entered into the geodatabase of the CYRONMED Information System. In the summary Table of the potential resources, you can find the Board, the name of the road and its length, and its cycling degree as well. You can also find a datum concerning with the road cycling quality (good asphalt 3 - average macadam 2 bad unpaved 1). There are also indications about the intersections with the cycle routes, with the other local resources and with the municipalities crossed by the same routes. 17

18 Table 4.1: The already existing resources usable for cycle purposes Board Settore Forestale Regione Puglia Ferrovie dello Stato Consorzio di Bonifica Terre d'apulia Consorzio di Bonifica Li Foggi Consorzio di Bonifica Stornara e Tara Name of the road Length km Drivable Cycling degree 18 Intersections Local areas Bosco Acquatetta 28,51 No 0 It intersects the main channel of AQP Sele-Calore. Spinazzola- Minervino Murge Bosco Senarico 11,98 No 0 Spinazzola Pulicchie 26,37 No 0 Altamura-Gravina in Apulia Parco del Gargano 0,00 No 0 It intersects Route 11 and touches Route 6 Vico del Gargano-Peschici-Vieste Foresta di Mercadante 0,00 No 0 It intersects AQP Channel Mercadante, Main Channel Sele-Calore, Channel Mercadante-Marzagaglia Altamura-Cassano delle Murge Tratta Bitetto-Acquaviva 22,59 No 0 It intersects Route 10 in the territory of Binetto, AQP pipe Bitetto-Binetto-Grumo Appula-Sannicandro- Casamassima-Canosa in the territory of Grumo Appula. Acquaviva Tratta Gioia del Colle-Palagianello 28,21 No 0 It runs along Route 3 at a distance of Km. 0.5 in the territory of Castellaneta. Gioia del Colle-Mottola-Castellaneta-Palagianello Lesina-Apricena-Poggio Imperiale 17,32 No 0 It intersects Route 6 at Lesina and it develops along Route 6 var. 1 in the territories of Poggio Imperiale and Apricena Lesina-Apricena-Poggio Imperiale Strada Gioiese 2,98 Si 3 It overlaps Route 10 var.2 Santeramo in Colle Strada arginale Silica 9,38 Si 3 It overlaps Route 3 Santeramo in Colle Srada arginale 4 Col. 1,89 Si 3 It overlaps Route 3 Santeramo in Colle Strada Menatore di Cipolla 4,74 Si 3 It overlaps Route 3 Santeramo in Colle Strada Appia 6,33 Si 3 It overlaps Route 10 var.2 Santeramo in Colle Strada Jesce 10,72 Si 3 It overlaps Route 3 Santeramo in Colle Strada Salinelle 13,22 Si 3 It overlaps Route 6 in the territory of Barletta Barletta Strada Canale Capo d'acqua 7,61 Si 3 It overlaps Route 10 Poggiorsini Canale allacciante Serra 5,42 Si 2 It overlaps Route 14 Manduria-Porto Cesareo Torrente Asso 27,68 Si 2 It intersects Route 14 in the territory of Nardò Nardò-Galatone-Galatina Canale Circondariale 2,27 No 0 AQP channel Pertusillo-Sinni San Donaci Canale Infocaciucci 8,20 No 0 It intersects Route 6 Torchiarolo Canale Foggia di Rau 18,09 Si 1 It intersects Route 6 Brindisi Canale Fiume Grande 14,13 Si 1 It intersects Route 6 Brindisi Canale Reale 29,40 Si 1 It intersects Route 6 in the territory of Brindisi, side by side Route 3 at km. 2 from Latiano. Brindisi-Mesagne-Latiano Tronco Sinni 55,54 Si 3 It overlaps Route 14 in the territory of Leverano Roccaforzata-Fragagnano-Lizzano-Sava-Manduria- Avetrana-Nardò-Veglie-Leverano Canale Gronci 3,40 Si 1 AQP channel Pertusillo-Sinni in the territory of Grottaglie. Grottaglie-Taranto Canale in Dx Lama Pozzo 14,35 Si 2 Ginosa-Castellaneta Canale Maestro 4,35 Si 1 Route 14 in the territory of Massafra, Route 3 in the territory of Taranto. Massafra-Taranto Canale di Gronda 8,67 Si 1 Route 3 in the territory of Taranto Taranto Canale Maestro 13,68 Si 1 Route 3 in the territory of Faggiano Taranto-San Giorgio Ionico-Faggiano Canale Cicena 10,11 Si 2 Route 3 in the territory of Carosino San Giorgio Ionico-Monteiasi-Carosino Canale d'aiedda 6,74 Si 1 Taranto Canale Simone 16,37 Si 1 Route 3 in the territory of Grottaglie Monteiasi-Grottaglie-San Marzano-Fragagnano Canale Sessolo 4,34 Si 1 Grottaglie Canale Ingegna 6,87 Si 1 AQP channel Pertusillo-Sinni in the territory of Taranto Taranto-Montemesola Canale Genzano 3,81 Si 1 AQP channel Pertusillo-Sinni in the territory of Grottaglie Grottaglie Canale Mezz.Orientale 13,08 Si 1 Route 14 Ginosa-Castellaneta Canale Vega 6,37 Si 1 Route 14 Palagiano

19 Board Acquedotto Pugliese Name of the road Length km Drivable Cycling degree Intersections Canale Marziotta 4,50 Si 1 It.14 Palagiano-Massafra Canale Maraglione 4,30 Si 1 It.14 Massafra Condotta Casamassima-Canosa 76,99 Si 2 It intersects AQP Andria-Bari in the territory of Andria, Route 10 in the territory of Ruvo, dismissed stretch of FF.S. in the territory of Grumo Appula, AQP pipe Sele-Pertusillo in the territory of Casamassima. Condotta Andria-Bari 46,63 Si 1 Condotta Pertusillo 47,02 Si 2 It intersects Route 10 var. 1 and AQP pipe Casamassima-Canosa in the territory of Andria, at km. 4 dismissed stretch FF.S. in the territory of Modugno. It intersects AQP canale Principale Sele-Calore, canale Mercadante- Marzagaglia e It.10 var.2 in the territory of Gioia del Colle, It.3 in the territory of Castellaneta, diramazione per Matera e condotta Sinni in the territory of Laterza. Local areas Andria-Corato-Ruvo-Terlizzi-Bitonto-Post-Toritto- Grumo-Sannicandro-Acquaviva-Casamassima Andria-Corato-Bisceglie-Terlizzi-Molfetta-Giovinazzo- Bitonto-Modugno Gioia del Colle-Castellaneta-Laterza-Ginosa Condotta Sinni 6,64 No 0 It intersects AQP pipe Pertusillo in the territory of Laterza Castellaneta Intersects AQP pipe Sinni and chan. Pertusillo at Laterza, R. 3 and Castellaneta-Palagianello-Mottola-Massafra-Tarantodism. stretch FF.S. at Castellaneta, Recl. Cons. Stornara-Tara chan. Montemesola-Grottaglie-Villa Castelli-Francavilla Canale Pertusillo-Sinni 107,09 Si 1 Ingegna at Taranto and chan. Gronci e Genzano at Grottaglie, R. 3 Fontana-S.Marzano-Oria-Torre S.Susannaand AQP main chan. Sele-Calore at Franc. F, Recl. Cons. Li Foggi at S.Pancrazio Salentino-S.Donaci S.Donaci Canale Principale Sele-Calore 202,31 Si 1 Km. 1.5 from Route 10 var. 1, Bosco Acquatetta territory Spinazzola, R. 10 territory Corato, For.Mercadante-AQP chan.mercad.- Marzagaglia territory Grumo, AQP chan. Mercad-Marz.-pipe Pertusillo-R. 10 var. 2 territory Gioia, R. 3 and AQP chan. Pert-Sinni territory Franc.F, km.1.4 Sinni Spinazzola-Andria-Corato-Ruvo-Bitonto-Toritto- Grumo-Cassano-Acquaviva-Gioia-Noci-Putignano- Alberobello-Martina Franca-Locorotondo-Cisternino- Ostuni-Ceglie Messap.-Villa Castelli-Francavilla Fontana-Oria-Manduria-Erchie-Avetrana-Salice Talentino Canale Mercadante 6,97 Si 1 AQP main chan. Sele-Calore and Chan. Mercadante-Marzagaglia in the territory of Grumo Appula, Foresta di Mercadante in the territory of Cassano, Km.2,0 from Consorzio di Bonifica Terre d'apulia road Cassano-Altamura Jesce. Condotta Pertusillo - diramazione per Matera 11,37 Si 1 It intersects pipe Pertusillo Laterza Acquedotto dell'ofanto 17,01 Si 2 Acqueduct of Locone in the territory of Minervino Murge Minervino Murge Acquedotto del Locone 12,89 No 0 Acqueduct of Ofanto in the territory of Minervino Murge, AQP pipe Casamassima-Canosa in the territory of Andria Minervino Murge-Andria Diramazione Primaria Capitanata 46,39 Si 1 Average distance from R. 3 Km. 12 Foggia-Castelluccio-Ascoli Satriano-Cerignola Canale Mercadante-Marzagaglia 23,98 Si 1 AQP main channal Sele-Calore and channel Mercadante in the territory of Grumo appula, AQP main channel Sele-Calore and pipe Pertusillo in the territory of Gioia del Colle. Grumo-Cassano-Acquaviva-Gioia del Colle It intersects AQP main channel Sele-Calore and pipe Pertusillo in the Condotta Sele-Pertusillo 26,82 Si 2 territory of Gioia del Colle, side by side R. 10 var. 2 at Km.0.5 in the Gioia del Colle-Sammichele-Casamassima-Adelfiaterritories of Gioia-Sammichele-Casamassima, AQP pipe Valenzano Casamassima-Canosa and R.10 var.2 in the territory of Casamassima. 19

20 Among (the) potential resources, (there) are the following stretches of abandoned railways: Province Municipalities Interested routes Length (km) Foggia Lesina, Apricena and Poggio Imperiale Route Bari Bitetto-Binetto-Grumo Appula-Sannicandro- Route Acquaviva Bari/Taranto Gioia del Colle-Mottola-Castellaneta-Palagianello Route 3 and The Italian National Budget 2008 approved the establishment of a Fund at the Ministry of the Environment aimed to the recovery and transformation into cycle routes of some abandoned railway beds. In Apulia the stretch Gioia del Colle-Palagianello has been awarded the necessary funding. Picture 4.3: Cyronmed routes and potential resources for the competent Board Picture 4.4: Cyronmed routes and potential resources according to cycling degree 20