1 Precision agriculture, a strategy for food and feed challenges for the 21 st century Dr. Thomas Lumpkin CIMMYT Director General April 10th, 2013
2 CIMMYT s Mission To sustainably increase the productivity of maize and wheat systems to ensure global food security and reduce poverty.
3 CIMMYT s Background: Key Facts Headquartered in Mexico, CIMMYT is an international organization with 22 offices worldwide. CIMMYT employs nearly 200 scientific staff. CIMMYT s genebank holds 27,000 accessions of maize and 150,000 accessions of wheat.
4 Examples of CIMMYT s Global Impact Over 75% of wheat varieties in South America are derived from CIMMYT germplasm. 55% of wheat varieties in China are sourced from CIMMYT. 90% of all spring wheat cultivars grown in India and Pakistan originate from CIMMYT. Over half of the maize varieties in the developing world have been developed using CIMMYT genetic materials
5 Million Metric Tons Global Challenges: Increasing Demand % +102% +125% +40% +76% Rice Cotton Soybeans Wheat Corn
6 Converging Challenges of Global Food Security In the next 50 years we will need to produce as much food as has been consumed over our entire human history. Megan Clark, CEO of the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (CSIRO), Australia
7 Global Challenges: Heat Up to 23% of South Asia s maize crop will be lost due to higher temperatures by Krechowicz, et. al., Weeding Risk: Financial Impacts of Climate Change and Water Scarcity on Asia Food and Beverage Sector, World Resources Institute, 2010.
8 Global Challenges: Wheat and Maize
9 MAIZE WHEAT RICE
10 Percentage of Annual Income Used to Purchase Food + Malnutrition Rates
11 Science Offers Opportunities
12 Opportunities to Feed the Future CIMMYT s Strategic Initiatives 1. Integrated programs, i.e. MasAgro, CSISA, SIMLESA 2. Seeds of Discovery 3. Precision nutrient management 4. Conservation Tillage 5. Marker assisted breeding 6. Hybrid wheat 7. Photosynthetic efficiency 8. Cellphone / internet decision support tools 9. Borlaug Institute for South Asia
13 Opportunity The Yield Gap
14 1. Opportunity: integrated programs like MasAgro Sustainable Modernization of Traditional Agriculture General objectives: - Boost corn and wheat productivity.* - Increase returns on grain harvested. - Reduce agriculture s climate footprint. Targets low-income farmers, smalland medium-sized seed companies, national researchers. * By 2020: Annual rainfed corn production increased by 5-9 million tons.
15 MasAgro research components Take it to the Farmer (TTF) / Desarrollo Sustentable con el Productor to integrate agri-food chain actors, with emphasis on small scale farmers, extension agents, input suppliers and market agents, to promote solutions to sustainable maize and wheat production. International Maize Improvement Consortium (IMIC) / Estrategia Internacional para Aumentar el Rendimiento de Maíz, to increase the competitiveness of the country s seed industry in a PPP. Seeds of Discovery (SeeD) / Descubriendo la Diversidad Genética de la Semilla to use cutting edge technologies to unlock the black box of genetic diversity in maize and wheat.
16 Precision Agriculture ongoing efforts & future plans The MasAgro experience April, 2013
17 Strengthening smart small scale farmers 500 million small farmers feed 1/3 of the world s population, basically using their hands, with limited access to information and education for making decisions. MasAgro has tailor-made versions of technologies and farming systems to strengthen small farmers These are conducive to a favorable context for change in the areas of machinery, information-communications and agricultural marketing.
18 Precision Agriculture and public private partnerships for increasing crop productivity and enabling sustainable farming systems. Smart Nutrition Smart Mechanization Smart Resource Management Smart Communication
19 Smart NUTRITION Lack of access to credit blocks access to fertilizers. Imbalanced doses of fertilizers destabilize production and harm soils. CIMMYT aims is to offer farmers a service that provides them with personalized, tailor-made recommendations in a timely manner to optimize nutrient use. Smart MECHANIZATION Lack of access to machinery and inefficient use of land results in low yields and income. CIMMYT works with partners in Mexico and Asia to improve 2WT tractors, and to develop 4WT multifunctional machines that are ideal for CA. The aim is to facilitate access for small farmers to affordable machinery especially designed for local needs.
20 Smart Resource MANAGEMENT Climate change has a strong impact in rainfed agriculture; smart resource management and optimal use of water mitigates this impact. CIMMYT and its partners promote an efficient and improved resource management system based on: the adoption of irrigation systems, productivity planning and monitoring, and precise weather information. Smart COMMUNICATION Communications is the key for promoting the productivity of small scale smart farmers. We combine sensors and cellphones with more traditional tools (T.V., radio, comics, plays, etc.) Innovative business models using ICTs facilitates fair access to information, technology, networks and finance. CIMMYT adapts its messages and tools to the needs of the different users of its learning and support platforms.
21 Global Technological Platform REMOTE SENSORS MOBILE TELEPHONES SUPPORT FOR DECISION MAKING N&P FERTILIZATON PRODUCTION ESTIMATIONS
22 Electronic Information - e-masagro - Mexico A system for the electronic recording of field data developed in collaboration with Impulsora Agrícola, PROMAF, PESA, Chapingo and INIFAP Launched 11 th March Last update 27 th March Modules 2,229 Extension plots 7,611 Women 2,205 Men 7,465 In collaboration with INCA and SAGARPA
23 Link with GIS and Conservation Earth (under construction) Geographic coordinates Crop management data Inputs from field logbook
24 Electronic Information - e-masagro A system for the electronic recording of field data developed in collaboration with Impulsora Agrícola, PROMAF, PESA, Chapingo and INIFAP Conservation Earth A platform of interactive digital maps from SAGARPA s center for geo-spatial control GreenSeeker remote sensing MasAgro GreenSat => SIAP and AOASS
26 CIMMYT scientists make the difference
27 Food security faces tremendous challenges But science offers amazing opportunities However leaders must act You must act
One planet. Six commitments. We can t go on like this Humanity is facing its toughest challenge Every day, our planet wakes with 200,000 more mouths to feed. 1 Every night, more than 870 million people
Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maíz y Trigo, International and Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento De Maíz y Trigo, A.C. Combined financial statements and supplementary information December 31,
How to Feed the World in 2050 Executive Summary 1. Introduction 2. Outlook for food security towards 2050 (1) The changing socio-economic environment (2) The natural resource base to 2050 will there be
United States Department of Agriculture Additional copies of this Strategic Plan can be downloaded from USDA s Web site at: www.usda.gov The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination
food Sustainability A Guide to Private Sector Action I II III Table of contents Forewords 2 Introduction 4 1. Water management 8 2. Agricultural inputs and infrastructure 12 3. Financial mechanisms and
BOLOGNA, JANUARY 2008 EUROPEAN AGRICULTURE OF THE FUTURE THE ROLE OF PLANT PROTECTION PRODUCTS ELECTRONIC COPY If you would like an electronic copy of the full report, or have questions and need further
PROJECT FINAL REPORT Grant Agreement number: 212117 Project acronym: FUTUREFARM Project title: FUTUREFARM-Integration of Farm Management Information Systems to support real-time management decisions and
Business opportunities in Precision Farming: Will big data feed the world in the future? Roland Berger Strategy Consultants GmbH Automotive Competence Center July 2015 BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES IN PRECISION
June 2011 C 2011/INF/18 Rev.1 E CONFERENCE Thirty-seventh Session Rome, 25 June - 2 July 2011 Proposal by the Government of Bolivia for an International Year of Quinoa Executive Summary This document presents
Friedensreich Hundertwasser, 738 Grass for those who cry, 1975, 2013 NAMIDA AG, Glarus/Switzerland Healthy people depend on healthy food systems Sustainable Food Systems for Food Security and Nutrition
initiative overview Expanding Community Rights Over Natural Resources 1 CONTENTS Executive Summary 3 Ford Foundation Mission 4 Ford s Work on Sustainable Development 4 Expanding Community Rights Over Natural
Strategic plan 2014-16 Reducing greenhouse gas emissions Safeguarding water resources Preventing the destruction of forests We face an unprecedented environmental crisis. The impacts of climate change,
World Business Council for Sustainable Development ALLIANCE FOR INCLUSIVE BUSINESS ALLIANCE FOR INCLUSIVE BUSINESS SNV W. Robert de Jongh, Reintje van Haeringen, Laura Fähndrich, Christian Marlin, José
Expert Meeting on How to feed the World in 2050 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Economic and Social Development Department ABSTRACT CAN TECHNOLOGY DELIVER ON THE YIELD CHALLENGE
Coordination of the Agricultural Research In the Mediterranean Area Call i text ARIMNet 2 Call 2014-15 SUBMISSION Pre-proposal by December 1 st, 2014 Full Proposal by May 11 th 2015 on http://arimnet-call.eu/
EUROPEAN COMMISSION Brussels, 2.7.2014 COM(2014) 442 final COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL, THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE AND THE COMMITTEE OF THE
Climate Change and IDB: Building Resilience and Reducing Emissions Sector Study: Agriculture and Natural Resources Inter-American Development Bank November 2014 This work is distributed under a Creative
Private Sector Division, UNDP: Brokering Inclusive Business Models (2010) This series also includes: Inclusive Markets Development Handbook (2010) And the following supporting tools: Private Sector Division,
Food Security Policies in Latin America New Trends with Uncertain Results Martin Piñeiro, Eduardo Bianchi, Laura Uzquiza and Mario Trucco 2010 Abstract As a consequence of the 2006 08 food crisis, food
The World Bank Group Framework and IFC Strategy for Engagement in the Palm Oil Sector March 31, 2011 The World Bank Group Mission The World Bank Group mission is to: Fight poverty with passion and professionalism
corporate responsibility & sustainability report Growing Responsibly Doing business in a sustainable way to create long-term value for all Pioneering Sustainable Supply Chains The Olam Sustainability Standard
Oxfam Research Reports Who Will Feed the World? The production challenge Lucia Wegner Senior development economist and independent consultant Gine Zwart Oxfam Novib April 2011 www.oxfam.org Contents Executive
Global Open Data for Agriculture and Nutrition How can we improve agriculture, food and nutrition with open data? Open Data Institute 2015 1 What is open data? Data anyone can access, use and share. It
Sustainable Energy for All: The Business Opportunity A comprehensive analysis of priority actions across 19 industry sectors Contents Foreword Introduction Sustainable Energy for All: Its Value to Global