A Global Outlook on Sustainability in the Dairy Production

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1 A Global Outlook on Sustainability in the Dairy Production VII CONGRESO COOPERATIVAS AGRO-ALIMENTARIAS Hans Jöhr Head Corporate Operations Agriculture Valencia, 27 February 2015

2 Content Part I: The challenge to feed the world Urbanization and changes in consumption pattern The battle for resources and the make up of waste The role of livestock in feeding future generations Part II: Sustainable Agricultural Initiative at Nestlé Driving for sustainable dairy at Nestlé (various examples) Developing the next generation of dairy farmers Summary 2

3 Feeding 9+ bio people by 2050 threats or opportunities? Soil fertility Breeding Energy pricing Water Management Technical Assistance Policy interventions 3

4 (kg/person/yr) (kg/person/yr) Changes in consumption pattern Milk and Dairy Consumption Trends Developing vs Developed World Regions Projected increase / 2050 Developing countries 27 / 46 (%) Developed countries 6 / 10 (%) World 11 / 19 (%) Projected increase / 2050 East Asia 48 / 68 (%) South Asia 32 / 63 (%) Latin America/ Caribbean 15 / 25 (%) Source: FAO, World Agriculture Towards 2030/2050, Rome 4

5 Changes in consumption pattern due to urbanization the case of China Large urbanization process (urban>rural pop.) Additional mio people will move to urban areas in the next years Change in consumption pattern due to fast economic development and urbanization Urban vs. Rural per capita consumption (kg) Source: China Statistic Yearbook Pork Beef Poultry Eggs Milk Rural Urban Rural Per capita milk consumption China (kg) Source: China Statistic Yearbook 15.4 Low income 18.3 lower middle income 22.6 middle income Urban 26.0 upper middle income 29.2 high income 31.3 highest income Milk consumption in urban areas increases with the level of income Avg. milk consumption: Urban 15.5 (kg/yr) Rural 3.5 (kg/yr) 5

6 A strong demand for milk in China Milk Milk 55.8 Mio MT corn Mio MT milk 7.5 Mio lactating cows 5,000 Liters/cow 1 Mio MT hay 2020 Milk Milk 80 Mio MT corn 64 Mio MT milk 10.7 Mio lactating cows 6,000 Liters/cow 6 Mio MT hay 27 Mio tons of milk over 7 years 27 Mio tons = 7 year Mio tons = 1 year Can China produce new dairy cows per year? Mio tons = cows/year 3.85 Mio tons = cows/week (6 tons milk/cow) year Can the world market deliver up to new dairy cows per year to only serve China? 6

7 Milk price and feed price dev USD/100 kg Milk (ECM) USD/100 kg Concentrate Feed Mix Years (start 2006) Source: International Farm Comparison Network (IFCN); ECM: Energy Corrected Milk 7

8 Global hay trade 2012 S. Korea 19% Japan 44% 7% 6% UAE 14% China 9% USA 51% Aus. 28% HAY IMPORTERS HAY EXPORTERS Source: World Trade Atlas 2013 & Bloomberg 8

9 Million Tons Million Tons Pork consumption in China Global Pork Consumption (1961 to 2012) Pork Consumption in China & US ( ) 60,0 50,0 40, ,0 20,0 10,0 0,0 China US Source: HighQuest Partners, USDA and Earth Policy Institute 9

10 Tons Tons Shall China import soybean and hay / meat and milk? China s Soy Imports 6 yrs ( ) China s Hay Imports 6yrs ( ) * *2013 based on actual Q figures x4. Source: FAO, USDA & World Trade Atlas (June 2013) 10

11 Rising imports of feed corn rethinking selfsufficiency? The world biggest corn importers (2013/14 forecast in million tons) Japan South Korea Mexico EU China Egypt Taiwan Iran Colombia Malaysia Chinese corn imports (Forecast in million tons) Financial Time, Sept

12 The makeup of food waste (1/2) Edible Crop before Harvest 4600 kcal Harvested crop 4000 kcal Meat / Dairy 2800 kcal 2600 kcal Food consumed 2000 kcal 1000 Field Household Source: Lundquist et al

13 The makeup of food waste (2/2) USA UK Developing Countries On-Farm Transport / Processing Retail Food Service Home and Municipal Source: Source: H. Charles, J. Godfray et al

14 Sustainable Agriculture Initiative Nestlé (SAIN) LAND WATER ENERGY CLIMATE PEOPLE To ensure supply we have to smarter use natural resources by Not wasting Not polluting Not destroying and a good start is eradicating the worst and promoting better Sustainable Agricultural Practices. Producing more food from the same area of land while reducing the environmental impacts requires what we call Sustainable intensification of Agriculture. NO FOOD WASTE 14

15 SAIN support instruments in Farmer Connect Technologies Fodder/feed production & conservation, planting material Animal health and welfare Biodigesters, irrigation Financial Support Schemes Pre-financing Investment credits Bank guarantees Market Access and Price Stability Organisation of Supply Chain, Logistics Transparent pricing schemes and improve price stability Education, Training & Extension Good agricultural practices Standards (e.g. 4C, Utz, Rainforest Alliance, Organic) Vocational schooling, further education, agripreneurship Economy of Scale Bargaining power Price reductions through scale effects in procurement of agricultural inputs 15

16 Developing the next generation of farmers Agripreneurship as a rural development concept that Agripreneur Skills Focusses on developing progressive farmers in rural entrepreneurship Dairy farmers * an agripreneur is and entrepreneur whose main business is in farming related activities 16

17 Expected outcome of Agripreneurship Social and economic benefits: Economically challenged agripreneurs are providing their families nutritious food that is affordable, medical care and schooling for their children Net income: They are selling their quality produce generating income and free cash flow to sustain their family and grow their business Sustainability: Agripreneurs are learning and embracing sustainable farming methods, and becoming players in the cyclicity of the agripreneurship system Next generation farmers: Farmers enabled to cope with future challenges of sustainable farm development and production of raw materials such as cocoa and coffee 17

18 Nestlé Dairy Farming Center, Shuangcheng The Nestlé Dairy Farming Centre (DFC) shall become a center of competence that addresses the need of creating the required human resources of trained farm staff, dairy professionals and farm managers. The center consist of: The Dairy Farming Institute (DFI) teaches the theory and links up with farm equipment and service providers. Dairy Farms teach the practice; students and professionals work on the farms and get trained on practical matters. Opening

19 Nestlé supports self-sufficient agricultural school model in Paraguay Self-Sufficient Agricultural Schools combine the teaching of traditional high school subjects with high-quality technical and business training through a hands-on education approach. Business and practical skills are taught to run profitable small businesses. The school enterprises generate enough income to cover the school s operating costs ensuring the affordability of education and long-term financial sustainability. This entrepreneurial model gives a platform for students to lift themselves out of poverty. Partner: Fundación Paraguaya Opening

20 Summary Dairy farmers shall become true agripreneurs, that are business orientated and do farming by choice; Dairy farmers operate business models that make efficient use of resources be it human or natural renewable resources; Dairy farmers are aware of the sensitivity of their produce and comply with global safety and quality standards. Dairy farmers produce a precious, high grade raw material with a excellent nutrient composition for human consumption at all ages! Siéntete orgulloso de ser un productor de leche! 20

21 21

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