SMES, RESOURCE EFFICIENCY AND GREEN MARKETS

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "SMES, RESOURCE EFFICIENCY AND GREEN MARKETS"

Transcription

1 Eurobarometer SMES, RESOURCE EFFICIENCY AND GREEN MARKETS REPORT Fieldwork: September 2013 Publication: December 2013 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Enterprise and Industry and co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication. This document does not represent the point of view of the European Commission. The interpretations and opinions contained in it are solely those of the authors. Eurobarometer - TNS Political & Social

2 Eurobarometer SMEs, resource efficiency and green markets Conducted by TNS Political & Social at the request of the European Commission, Directorate-General for Enterprise and Industry Survey co-ordinated by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication (DG COMM Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer Unit)

3 FLASH EUROBAROMETER TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION... 3 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY... 6 I. ATTITUDES TOWARDS THE ENVIRONMENT II. USING RESOURCES BETTER: WHO, HOW AND HOW MUCH Actions to promote resource efficiency: present and future What is being done now? What will be done in two years time? Why SMEs are taking action What are the reasons for inaction Does it pay to be "clean and green"? Environmental management systems: a tool enabling companies to improve their environmental performance Do policies help companies to become resource efficient? General overview Does public support work? Supporting resource efficiency: where the focus should lie Identifying the barriers of applying for public tenders with environmental requirements III. GREEN PRODUCTS AND SERVICES and SMEs: REDUCING ENVIRONMENTAL RISK, MINIMISING POLLUTION AND THE USE OF RESOURCES Green markets: Profiles of SMEs offering green products or services Profiles of SMEs offering green products or services Where do SMEs sell their green products and services? Why do SMEs offer green products or services? Do policies help SMEs to offer green products or services? General overview

4 FLASH EUROBAROMETER Does public support work? Encouraging new green products and services: where the focus should lie Green employment in the SME sector ANNEXES Technical specifications Questionnaire Tables 2

5 FLASH EUROBAROMETER INTRODUCTION Small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) 1 are the economic backbone of the European Union. These 20.7 million companies represent more than 98% of all European businesses and provide 67% of total employment 2,3. SME s contributions are also essential for pursuing the goals of Europe 2020, the strategy for smart, sustainable and inclusive growth 4. The European Commission promotes the growth of SMEs through the Small Business Act for Europe 5. This framework includes an initiative to raise SMEs awareness of environmental and energy-related issues and to assist them in implementing legislation, assessing their environmental and energy performance and upgrading their skills and qualifications. This survey follows on from Eurobarometer FL in 2012 by reviewing the current state of the green market and the resource efficiency actions amongst Europe s SMEs, as well those in neighbouring countries and in the US. Topics covered include: Compliance with environmental legislation Current and future resource efficiency actions Barriers to resource efficiency The role and impact of policy in supporting green business initiatives The current state of the green market The results are analysed at EU28 level, national level, and also by company characteristics. Where possible the trend since the last report will be discussed. In 2012, Croatia was not a member of the European Union so any comparisons made at EU level in terms of trend will be compared with the EU-27 average. In some countries the sample sizes collected include less than 400 businesses, and therefore, the results of the survey for these countries need to be interpreted accordingly. In some cases, national level analysis is not carried out when the base size is too small. Throughout the report, the size of SMEs will be defined as the following: micro enterprises (1-9 employees), small enterprises (10-49 employees) and medium-sized enterprises ( employees). 1 Small and medium-sized enterprises are defined as those with a staff headcount below 250. In addition to the staff headcount ceiling, an enterprise qualifies as an SME if it meets either the turnover ceiling or the balance sheet ceiling, but not necessarily both. Full definition can be found in:

6 FLASH EUROBAROMETER This survey was carried out by the TNS Political & Social network in the 28 Member States of the European Union and in Albania, Israel, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, Former Yugoslav republic of Macedonia, Norway, Republic of Serbia, Turkey and the United States between the 9 th and 27 th of September This survey covers 13,509 businesses in total, with 11,207 in the EU, employing fewer than 250 employees in the manufacturing (NACE category C), services (NACE categories G/H/I/J/K/L/M/N) and industry sector (NACE categories D/E/F). The sample was selected from an international database, with additional sample from local sources where necessary. The methodology used is that of Eurobarometer surveys as carried out by the Directorate-General for Communication ( Strategy, Corporate Communication Actions and Eurobarometer Unit) 6. A technical note on the manner in which interviews were conducted by the Institutes within the TNS Political & Social network is appended as an annex to this report. Also included are the interview methods and confidence intervals The results tables are included in the annex. It should be noted that the total of the percentages in the tables of this report may exceed 100% when the respondent has the possibility of giving several answers to the question. 4

7 FLASH EUROBAROMETER Note: In this report, countries are referred to by their official abbreviation. The abbreviations used in this report correspond to: ABBREVIATIONS BE Belgium LT Lithuania BG Bulgaria LU Luxembourg CZ Czech Republic HU Hungary DK Denmark MT Malta DE Germany NL The Netherlands EE Estonia AT Austria EL Greece PL Poland ES Spain PT Portugal FR France RO Romania HR Croatia SI Slovenia IE Ireland SK Slovakia IT Italy FI Finland CY Republic of Cyprus* SE Sweden LV Latvia UK The United Kingdom AL Albania EU28 European Union 28 Member States IL Israel IS Iceland EU15 BE, IT, FR, DE, LU, NL, DK, UK, IE, PT, ES, EL, AT, SE, FI** LI Liechtenstein NMS13 BG, CZ, EE, CY, LV, LT, MT, HU, PL, RO, SI, SK, HR*** ME Montenegro MK Former Yugoslav republic of Macedonia**** NO Norway RS Republic of Serbia TR Turkey US USA * Cyprus as a whole is one of the 28 European Union Member States. However, the acquis communautaire has been suspended in the part of the country which is not controlled by the government of the Republic of Cyprus. For practical reasons, only the interviews carried out in the part of the country controlled by the government of the Republic of Cyprus are included in the CY category and in the EU28 average. ** EU15 refers to the 15 countries forming the European Union before the enlargements of 2004, 2007 and 2013 *** The NMS13 are the 12 new Member States which joined the European Union during the 2004 and 2007 enlargements and Croatia which joined the EU in **** Provisional abbreviation which in no way prejudges the definitive name of this country, which will be agreed once the current negotiations at the United Nations have been completed. * * * * * We wish to thank all the people who have given their time to take part in this survey. Without their active participation, this study would not have been possible. 5

8 FLASH EUROBAROMETER EXECUTIVE SUMMARY RESOURCE EFFICIENCY Almost all EU SMEs (92%) comply with environmental legislation with 19% going further than required. 93% of SMEs are taking at least one action to be more resource efficient, with the most common actions being to minimise waste, save energy (both 67%) and save materials (59%). At least half are also recycling by reusing material or waste within the company, or by saving water (both 51%). SMEs with employees are the most likely to be taking each kind of action, particularly saving energy (80% vs. 65%-69%). Eight out of ten SMEs are planning additional resource efficiency actions in the next two years, particularly saving energy (58%) and minimising waste (56%). The majority of SMEs in the EU act to become more resource efficient in order to reduce costs (63%), although 28% say the environment is one of the top priorities for their company. The larger the SME, the more likely they are to say their actions are as a result of consumer or provider demand. More than half of SMEs (55%) encounter difficulties when trying to set up resource efficiency actions, particularly complex legal or administrative procedures (26%). Medium-sized enterprises, as well as SMEs active in manufacturing and industry sectors, are the most likely to have encountered difficulties with the complexity of legal or administrative procedures 42% of SMEs taking resource efficiency actions say their production costs have decreased in the past two years as a result this is an increase of seven percentage points compared to More than two thirds of SMEs are satisfied with the return on their investments in resource efficiency (68%), with 12% saying they are very satisfied. Most SMEs have invested 5% or less of their annual turnover in resource efficiency (72%). Compared to the previous wave, SMEs are investing less per year in resource efficiency. There has been a four percentage point decrease in those investing 6-10% of their annual turnover, and an 11 point increase in those investing 5% or less. 6

9 FLASH EUROBAROMETER Most EU SMEs use their own internal resources when trying to be more resource efficient: 60% use their own financial resources and 53% their own technical expertise. 19% rely on external support. External support is much more likely to come from the private rather than the public sector (75% vs. 35%). Advice or non-financial assistance from private companies (43%) and business associations (36%) are the most common forms of external support. SMEs are most likely to say that grants and subsidies would help make their company more resource efficient (34%), 25% mention consultancy on improving resource efficiency, while 22% would like advice on funding possibilities for resource efficiency investments. Most SMEs do not use an environmental management system (67%). For those that do, national or regional systems are the most popular (43%) followed by ISO (36%). GREEN PUBLIC PROCUREMENT Just 12% of SMEs have bid for a public procurement tender that included environmental requirements, with 7% successful in their bid. The larger the SME, the more likely it is to have been successful (19% vs. 5%-9% of smaller SMEs. Industry SMEs are the most likely to have bid, and bid successfully for this kind of tender. One in five companies (21%) that bid for a public tender with environmental requirements experienced difficulties. Too much paperwork to be submitted is the most common difficulty (39%), followed by costs (19%). The most common reason for not bidding for a public procurement tender with environmental requirements is that SMEs have never been confronted with such a tender (55%). However 14% did not even attempt a bid as they assumed it was too complicated. GREEN MARKETS One quarter of the EU s SMEs offer green products or services (26%), with a further 7% planning to do so in the next two years. Half of the SMEs active in green markets offer products and services with environmental features such as organic production and eco-labelling or design (51%). More than one third (35%) offer products or services in the area of recycled material. SMEs in 2013 are more likely to be offering products and services in the area of recycled material than they were in 2012 (+6 percentage points). 7

10 FLASH EUROBAROMETER 26% of SMEs that offer services or products with environmental features do so in the construction area, 24% sell food and beverages, while 22% sell electronic and mechanical machinery and equipment. For most SMEs offering them (60%), green products or services represented a share inferior to a third of their turnover, with 34% saying these items represent 1-5% of annual turnover. Turnover attributed to green products and services has declined since 2012, with more companies now saying 1-5% of their annual turnover comes from green products or services (+4 percentage points). At least nine out of ten SMEs selling green products or services say their own country is their main market in terms of annual turnover (91%), while 19% say their main market is the EU and /or Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland. Customer demand is the most common driver behind SMEs offering green products or services (50%), followed by the company s core values (33%) and the company s image (31%). Insufficient customer demand is the main reason SMEs do not offer green products or services (25%). At least one in five say that green products or services do not fit or are not important for their company s image (22%) while 20% say this about the company s core values. Most SMEs selling green products or services rely on their own financial resources (58%) and/or technical expertise (55%) for production, while 22% rely on external support. External support is most likely to be in the form of non-financial assistance from private companies (36%) or business associations (31%). Financial incentives for new products, services or production process development are the most likely to assist green market SMEs expand their green product or service offering (46%). Financial incentives of this kind are also the most likely to assist non-green market SMEs to launch green products or services (29%). GREEN JOBS Four out of ten SMEs have at least one full time employee working in a green job an increase of five percentage points since the last wave in EU SMEs have on average 2.1 full time employees working in a green job at least some of the time. The larger the SME, the more likely they are to have at least one green employee, and the more green employees they are likely to have. Industry SMEs are the most likely to have at least one green employee. 8

11 FLASH EUROBAROMETER EU vs. US Almost all US SMEs are undertaking at least one resource efficiency action (99%) and are six percentage points more likely to do so than EU SMEs (93%). Minimising waste is the most common action taken by both EU (67%) and US SMEs (88%). Resource efficiency actions are more likely to increase production costs in the US (29% vs. 23% in the EU). Whilst grants or subsidies would be most helpful for SMEs to be more resource efficient in the EU (34%), the demonstration of new technologies or processes is the most helpful for SMEs in the US (36%). SMEs in the US are eight percentage points more likely to offer green products or services. The US has seen a four per cent increase in the number of SMEs selling green products or services since More than half of the SMEs that offer green products or services in the EU and US do so in the area of products with environmental features (51% and 58% respectively). Offering these products in the area of recycled material is much more common in the US (60% vs. 35% at EU). Apart from financial incentives (31% vs. 29%), US SMEs are much more likely to say that assistance with identifying potential markets or customers would be helpful for launching a range of green products or services than those in the EU (27% vs. 17%). To a lesser extent, US SMEs are also more likely to cite technical support for product development (22% vs. 16%). 9

12 FLASH EUROBAROMETER I. ATTITUDES TOWARDS THE ENVIRONMENT This introductory section of the report considers the current attitudes of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs) towards environmental legislation in the EU. - Almost all EU SMEs report they comply with environmental legislation Almost all (92%) SMEs in the EU say they comply with environmental legislation 8. Most SMEs (51%) do not wish to go beyond their regulatory requirements in this area, while 22% are contemplating doing more than currently required. Overall 19% of SMEs are doing more than required in terms of environmental legislation: 11% do so because environmental concerns are part of their company s priority objectives, while 8% say that although doing more than required, environmental concerns are not a priority for their company. Only a small proportion of SMEs (3%) say that compliance with environmental legislation is a problem for their business. There has been little change since the last wave of the survey in 2012, with the largest movement being a three percentage point decrease in the proportion of companies that say they are doing more than required by legislation, but that environmental concerns are not a company priority. Base: All SMEs = 11,207 8 Q1 Among these statements, which one applies the best to your company? Your company: is complying with environmental legislation but does not wish to go beyond these requirements; is complying with environmental legislation and is contemplating doing more; is going beyond the requirements of the environmental legislation but environmental concerns are not one of its priorities; is going beyond the requirements of the environmental legislation and environmental concerns are among the firm s priority objectives; has difficulties in complying with environmental legislation 10

13 FLASH EUROBAROMETER The larger the SME, the more likely it is that environmental concerns are a company priority, and that they are already doing more in this area than required by legislation. Fewer than one in ten (9%) micro enterprises (with 1-9 employees) say this, compared to 14% of those with and 22% of those with employees. Micro enterprises are more likely to say that they are complying with environmental legislation, but do not wish to go beyond these requirements. More than half (53%) of those with 1-9 employees say this, compared to 47% of those with employees, and 34% of those with Micro and small enterprises are also less likely to be contemplating doing more than required by legislation (21% and 24% vs. 30% for those with employees). There is less variation in results when comparing companies by sector. SMEs in retail are the most likely to say they are complying with legislation but do not wish to go beyond these requirements, particularly compared to companies in the services sector (54% vs. 48%). The type of clients a company serves also has an impact. One quarter (25%) of companies who operate in the B2B sphere serving other companies and public administration say they are already doing more than required by legislation (whether or not it is a business priority), compared to those who only serve consumers (14%) or a mix of consumers and other companies (16%). Companies that deal with consumers, or a mix of consumers and companies are more likely to say that they comply with legislation but do not wish to go beyond these requirements (52% vs. 38%). Base: All SMEs = 11,207 11

14 FLASH EUROBAROMETER Country level results show diverse attitudes towards compliance: SMEs in the EU are more likely than their US counterparts to say they are complying with environmental legislation, but do not wish to go beyond these requirements (51% vs. 41%). However, it is worth noting that more than one in ten (13%) SMEs in US are unable to answer the question compared with 5% of EU SMEs. Across all countries studied, SMEs in Estonia (74%) are the most likely to say they comply with environmental legislation, but do not wish to do more, followed by those in Denmark (65%), Hungary and Spain (both 62%). Within the EU Austrian and Portuguese SMEs are the least likely to say this (37%), although levels are even lower amongst SMEs in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (4%), Turkey (12%) and Serbia (17%). SMEs in the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia are, on the other hand, the most likely to say they are complying with legislation and contemplating doing more (73%). Within the EU SMEs in Malta are the most likely to say this (42%), compared to just 3% of those in Estonia. Within the EU, SMEs in Austria are the most likely to say they are going beyond environmental legislative requirements, irrespective of whether it is a company priority or not. In fact, 20% of Austrian companies go beyond legislative requirements even though green concerns are not a company priority. Companies in Croatia are the most likely to say that environmental concerns are a company priority (19%). Across all countries SMEs in Liechtenstein (45%) and Turkey (30%) are also likely to say they are going beyond what is required in this area. In contrast just 5% of Estonian and Albanian companies say the same. Relatively few SMEs in any country report problems complying with environmental legislation. Within the EU SMEs in Portugal (8%), Romania and Italy (both 5%) are the most likely to say this. In contrast no companies in the Netherlands or Croatia report compliance issues. Across all countries surveyed, SMEs in Albania (11%) and Serbia (10%) are the most likely to say they have problems complying with environmental legislation. Nonetheless, this finding needs to be interpreted in light of the high frequency of Don t know in the Baltic countries (10-17%), Bulgaria (13%), Sweden (14%) and the Netherlands (17%). Similarly, 13% of US SMEs were unable to answer this question. 12

15 FLASH EUROBAROMETER Base: All SMEs = 13,509 13

16 FLASH EUROBAROMETER II. USING RESOURCES BETTER: WHO, HOW AND HOW MUCH This section of the report considers what SMEs are doing in terms of resource efficiency: what actions they are taking, what they are planning to do in the future, and the reasons for action or inaction. Secondly it discusses the impact of environmental management systems on resource efficiency, and the role of both the public and of policy in supporting business initiatives in the field of resource efficiency. Finally the barriers for SMEs in applying for tenders with environmental requirements will be explored Actions to promote resource efficiency: present and future What is being done now? - Minimising waste and saving energy are the most common resource efficiency actions - SMEs were asked what actions they are currently taking to be more resource efficient 9. For this question the sample in each country was split in half. One half was asked the question the same response options as for the previous wave. These results are presented in the chart labelled 2A. The other half of the sample was asked the same question, but with one response option changed: the response option Recycling was modified to be more specific: Recycling, by reusing material or waste within the company. The chart labelled 2B shows the results using this option, and compares them with the results from 2012 (using the old options). Split A = 5,710 Split B = 5,497 9 Q2. What actions is your company undertaking to be more resource efficient? Saving water; Saving energy; Using predominantly renewable energy (e.g. including own production through solar panels, etc.); Saving materials; Minimising waste; Selling your scrap material to another company; Recycling (2A); Recycling, by reusing material or waste within the company (N 2B); Other (DO NOT READ OUT); None (DO NOT READ OUT) 14

17 FLASH EUROBAROMETER The charts above show that offering a more narrow definition of recycling has an impact on the results, particularly for that item. SMEs are less likely to say they recycle when it is specifically defined as recycling within the company, than when offered the more general recycling term (51% vs. 60%). Percentages for other items change only slightly. Apart from this difference, the general picture from both sample splits is the same: the three most common resource efficiency actions being taken are minimising waste, saving energy and saving materials. These are followed by recycling, saving water, selling scrap and using renewable energy. Overall at least half of all SMEs are undertaking each of the top five actions. In future waves of the survey the modified recycling option (2B) will be used, so only the results from the split using this option have been used for the company characteristic and country level results discussed below. Highlights from the company characteristics analysis include: SMEs with employees are much more likely than smaller SMEs to say they are saving energy (80% vs. 65%-69%). The medium-sized enterprises are also the most likely to be predominantly using renewable energy (25% vs. 14%-18%), and recycling by reusing within the company (56% vs. 50%-52%). The larger the company, the more likely it is selling its scrap material. Half of medium-sized enterprises do this (50%), compared to 37% of small and 24% of microenterprises. Micro enterprises are the least likely to be minimising waste (66% vs. 72%-75%) and saving materials (57% vs. 62%-65%). Retail sector SMEs are the least likely to be minimising waste (65% vs. 68%- 70%), saving materials (55% vs. 60%-64%), and recycling by reusing materials or waste within the company (48% vs. 51%-55%). Manufacturing SMEs are the most likely to be saving water (56% vs. 47%-52%) or selling their scrap (48% vs. 19%-38%). 15

18 FLASH EUROBAROMETER Split B = 5,497 16

19 FLASH EUROBAROMETER The chart below shows the proportion of SMEs in the EU taking many, some, few or none of these resource efficiency actions in 2013 and SMEs that are classed as taking many actions selected 5-8 of the resource efficiency actions, some actions if they selected 3-4 and few actions if they selected 1-2. SMEs are slightly more likely to be taking many actions in 2013 compared to the previous wave (+3 percentage points), and are slightly less likely to be taking few actions (-3 percentage points). SMEs in the US are more likely to be taking most of these resource efficiency actions. US SMEs are much more likely to say they are recycling by reusing material or waste within the company (83% vs. 51%), minimising waste (88% vs. 67%) or saving materials (79% vs. 59%). SMEs in the US are also more likely to be selling their scrap (41% vs. 29%), saving water (62% vs. 51%) or using predominantly renewable energy (26% vs. 16%). Around one in twenty (6%) SMEs in the EU say they are not taking any of these resource efficiency measures, compared to just 1% of US SMEs. Across the EU, saving energy is the most mentioned resource efficiency action by SMEs in 17 countries 11. This is particularly the case amongst SMEs in Spain (91%), Portugal (90%) and Austria (80%). Just over one quarter of Estonian SMEs (27%) say the same. Minimising waste is the most mentioned action in nine EU countries, especially by SMEs in the UK (94%), Spain (85%) and Finland (80%). Almost nine in ten SMEs in the US are also minimising waste (88%). Once again Estonian SMEs are the least likely to be taking this action (18%). Saving materials is the most mentioned action by SMEs in 10 The result of this question compare split B from 2013 (new recycling option) with those of the original question in Due to low base sizes AL and ME are not included in the country analysis 17

20 FLASH EUROBAROMETER only three countries: Spain (91%), Finland (80%) and Estonia (34%), although it is also widely mentioned by Portuguese SMEs (85%). In fact saving materials is the only action where Estonian SMEs are not the least likely to mention the action. In this case Slovenian SMEs are the least likely to say they are saving materials (27%). Spanish (78%), Portuguese (77%) and Slovakian (68%) SMEs are the most likely to be saving water, whilst Estonian SMEs are least likely to be doing this (13%). UK, US (both 83%) and Irish SMEs (81%) are the most likely to be recycling by reusing materials or waste within the company. This kind of recycling is also the most mentioned action by SMEs in Ireland. At the other end of the spectrum 14% of Estonian SMEs undertake this kind of recycling. SMEs in the UK (42%) the US (41%) and Germany (40%) are the most likely to be selling their scrap, compared to 7% of Estonian SMEs. At least three in ten SMEs in Austria (34%), Germany and the Netherlands (both 30%) use predominantly renewable energy, as for 34% of Norwegian and 33% of SMEs in Liechtenstein. Only 3% of Estonian SMEs do the same. Taking a broader view of the resource efficiency actions undertaken by SMEs shows that all UK SMEs undertake at least one of these actions, compared to 60% of those in Estonia. Spanish and Portuguese SMEs are the most likely to be taking many resource efficiency actions (64% and 60% respectively), while those in Estonia (37%), Cyprus (21%) and Lithuania (17%) are the most likely to be taking none of these actions. 18

21 FLASH EUROBAROMETER Split B = 6,649 19

22 FLASH EUROBAROMETER The table below shows the change since the last wave for the four most mentioned actions, using the original format of the question ( Recycling ) 12. In general SMEs in most countries are more likely to be saving energy than they were in the previous wave. This is particularly the case for SMEs in Luxembourg (+24 percentage points), Romania (+23 points), and Belgium (+21 points). SMEs in Albania (+30 points) and Israel are also more likely to be saving energy (+24 points). Across the EU SMEs in Finland (-13 points) and Estonia are now less likely to be saving energy (-10 points), as are those in France and the UK (both -4 points). In other countries SMEs in Serbia and Montenegro are also less likely to be saving energy than they were last year (-14 points and -11 points respectively). There have been some large changes within countries in the proportion of SMEs minimising waste. SMEs in Croatia (+35 points), Luxembourg (+33 points) and the Netherlands (+20 points) are much more likely to be minimising waste, as are those in Macedonia (+26 points), Israel and Albania (both +19 points). Conversely, SMEs in Cyprus (-18 points), Finland (-17 points) and Estonia (-11 points) are now less likely to be minimising waste. SMEs in Luxembourg (+25 percentage points), Greece (+23 points), Romania and Belgium (both +21 points) are all much more likely to be saving materials than they were in the previous wave. The same can be said for SMEs in Albania (+38 points), Macedonia and Israel (both +29 points). On the other hand, SMEs in Cyprus are now less likely to be saving materials (-16 points). Swedish (+20 percentage points), Austrian (+19 points) and Slovakian (+13 points) SMEs are more likely to say they are recycling than they were in 2012, as are those in Liechtenstein (+26 points) and Israel (+18 points). However, SMEs in Cyprus (-25 points), Finland (-17 points), Estonia (-16 points) and Italy (-15 points) are all less likely to be recycling. 12 Trend results based on half the sample asked the original versions of the question (2A). 20

SMES, RESOURCE EFFICIENCY AND GREEN MARKETS

SMES, RESOURCE EFFICIENCY AND GREEN MARKETS Flash Eurobarometer 381 SMES, RESOURCE EFFICIENCY AND GREEN MARKETS SUMMARY Fieldwork: September 2013 Publication: December 2013 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General

More information

INVESTING IN INTANGIBLES: ECONOMIC ASSETS AND INNOVATION DRIVERS FOR GROWTH

INVESTING IN INTANGIBLES: ECONOMIC ASSETS AND INNOVATION DRIVERS FOR GROWTH Flash Eurobarometer INVESTING IN INTANGIBLES: ECONOMIC ASSETS AND INNOVATION DRIVERS FOR GROWTH REPORT Fieldwork: January February 213 Publication: May 213 This survey has been requested by the European

More information

THE ROLE OF PUBLIC SUPPORT IN THE COMMERCIALISATION OF INNOVATIONS

THE ROLE OF PUBLIC SUPPORT IN THE COMMERCIALISATION OF INNOVATIONS Flash Eurobarometer THE ROLE OF PUBLIC SUPPORT IN THE COMMERCIALISATION OF INNOVATIONS REPORT Fieldwork: January February 2014 Publication: May 2014 This survey has been requested by the European Commission,

More information

INNOBAROMETER 2015 - THE INNOVATION TRENDS AT EU ENTERPRISES

INNOBAROMETER 2015 - THE INNOVATION TRENDS AT EU ENTERPRISES Eurobarometer INNOBAROMETER 2015 - THE INNOVATION TRENDS AT EU ENTERPRISES REPORT Fieldwork: February 2015 Publication: September 2015 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General

More information

HOW COMPANIES INFLUENCE OUR SOCIETY: CITIZENS VIEW

HOW COMPANIES INFLUENCE OUR SOCIETY: CITIZENS VIEW Flash Eurobarometer HOW COMPANIES INFLUENCE OUR SOCIETY: CITIZENS VIEW REPORT Fieldwork: October-November 2012 Publication: April 2013 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General

More information

RETAILERS ATTITUDES TOWARDS CROSS- BORDER TRADE AND CONSUMER PROTECTION

RETAILERS ATTITUDES TOWARDS CROSS- BORDER TRADE AND CONSUMER PROTECTION Eurobarometer RETAILERS ATTITUDES TOWARDS CROSS- BORDER TRADE AND CONSUMER PROTECTION REPORT Fieldwork: September - October 2012 Publication: June 2013 This survey has been requested by the European Commission,

More information

BUSINESS-TO-BUSINESS ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION IN THE EU

BUSINESS-TO-BUSINESS ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION IN THE EU Flash Eurobarometer BUSINESS-TO-BUSINESS ALTERNATIVE DISPUTE RESOLUTION IN THE EU REPORT Fieldwork: March-April 22 Publication: November 22 This survey has been requested by Directorate-General for Justice

More information

EUROPEAN YOUTH: PARTICIPATION IN DEMOCRATIC LIFE

EUROPEAN YOUTH: PARTICIPATION IN DEMOCRATIC LIFE Flash Eurobarometer EUROPEAN YOUTH: PARTICIPATION IN DEMOCRATIC LIFE REPORT Fieldwork: April 2013 Publication: May 2013 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for

More information

INNOVATION IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR: ITS PERCEPTION IN AND IMPACT ON BUSINESS

INNOVATION IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR: ITS PERCEPTION IN AND IMPACT ON BUSINESS Flash Eurobarometer INNOVATION IN THE PUBLIC SECTOR: ITS PERCEPTION IN AND IMPACT ON BUSINESS REPORT Fieldwork: February-March 22 Publication: June 22 This survey has been requested by the European Commission,

More information

Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI), Science and Technology

Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI), Science and Technology Special Eurobarometer 401 Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI), Science and Technology REPORT Fieldwork: April - May 2013 Publication: November 2013 This survey has been requested by the European

More information

User language preferences online. Analytical report

User language preferences online. Analytical report Flash Eurobarometer 313 The Gallup Organization Flash Eurobarometer European Commission User language preferences online Analytical report Fieldwork: January 2011 Publication: May 2011 This survey was

More information

ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS BUILDING THE SINGLE MARKET FOR GREEN PRODUCTS

ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS BUILDING THE SINGLE MARKET FOR GREEN PRODUCTS Eurobarometer ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS BUILDING THE SINGLE MARKET FOR GREEN PRODUCTS REPORT Fieldwork: December 2012 Publication: July 2013 This survey has been requested by the European Commission,

More information

EUROPEAN AREA OF SKILLS AND QUALIFICATIONS

EUROPEAN AREA OF SKILLS AND QUALIFICATIONS EUROPEAN AREA OF SKILLS AND QUALIFICATIONS REPORT Fieldwork: April - May 2014 Publication: June 2014 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Education and Culture

More information

ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS BUILDING THE SINGLE MARKET FOR GREEN PRODUCTS

ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS BUILDING THE SINGLE MARKET FOR GREEN PRODUCTS Flash Eurobarometer 367 ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS BUILDING THE SINGLE MARKET FOR GREEN PRODUCTS SUMMARY Fieldwork: December 2012 Publication: July 2013 This survey has been requested by the European

More information

PREFERENCES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS TOURISM

PREFERENCES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS TOURISM Eurobarometer PREFERENCES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS TOURISM REPORT Fieldwork: January 2014 Publication: February 2014 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Enterprise

More information

SURVEY ON THE TRAINING OF GENERAL CARE NURSES IN THE EUROPEAN UNION. The current minimum training requirements for general care nurses

SURVEY ON THE TRAINING OF GENERAL CARE NURSES IN THE EUROPEAN UNION. The current minimum training requirements for general care nurses SURVEY ON THE TRAINING OF GENERAL CARE NURSES IN THE EUROPEAN UNION This survey serves as a background document for the discussion of the Commission's legislative proposal to modernize the minimum requirements

More information

CROSS-BORDER ACCESS TO ONLINE CONTENT

CROSS-BORDER ACCESS TO ONLINE CONTENT Flash Eurobarometer CROSS-BORDER ACCESS TO ONLINE CONTENT REPORT Fieldwork: January 2015 Publication: August 2015 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Networks,

More information

EUROPEAN CITIZENS DIGITAL HEALTH LITERACY

EUROPEAN CITIZENS DIGITAL HEALTH LITERACY Flash Eurobarometer EUROPEAN CITIZENS DIGITAL HEALTH LITERACY REPORT Fieldwork: September 2014 Publication: November 2014 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General

More information

PREFERENCES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS TOURISM

PREFERENCES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS TOURISM Flash Eurobarometer 414 PREFERENCES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS TOURISM SUMMARY Fieldwork: January 2015 Publication: March 2015 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for

More information

RETAIL FINANCIAL SERVICES

RETAIL FINANCIAL SERVICES Special Eurobarometer 373 RETAIL FINANCIAL SERVICES REPORT Fieldwork: September 211 Publication: April 212 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General Internal Market

More information

RETAIL FINANCIAL SERVICES

RETAIL FINANCIAL SERVICES Special Eurobarometer 373 RETAIL FINANCIAL SERVICES REPORT Fieldwork: September 211 Publication: March 212 This survey has been requested by Directorate-General Internal Market and Services and co-ordinated

More information

Our patent and trade mark attorneys are here to help you protect and profit from your ideas, making sure they re working every bit as hard as you do.

Our patent and trade mark attorneys are here to help you protect and profit from your ideas, making sure they re working every bit as hard as you do. Our patent and trade mark attorneys are here to help you protect and profit from your ideas, making sure they re working every bit as hard as you do. Our people work with everyone from multi-nationals

More information

YOUNG PEOPLE AND DRUGS

YOUNG PEOPLE AND DRUGS Eurobarometer YOUNG PEOPLE AND DRUGS REPORT Fieldwork: June 2014 Publication: August 2014 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Justice and co-ordinated by

More information

Family Law. Fieldwork: June 2006 Report: October 2006

Family Law. Fieldwork: June 2006 Report: October 2006 The Gallup Organization Flash EB N o 188 Consular Protection and Family Law Flash Eurobarometer European Commission Family Law Summary Fieldwork: June 06 Report: October 06 Flash Eurobarometer 188 The

More information

EUROPEANS SATISFACTION WITH RAIL SERVICES

EUROPEANS SATISFACTION WITH RAIL SERVICES Flash Eurobarometer 382a EUROPEANS SATISFACTION WITH RAIL SERVICES SUMMARY Fieldwork: September 2013 Publication: December 2013 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General

More information

CROSS-BORDER ACCESS TO ONLINE CONTENT

CROSS-BORDER ACCESS TO ONLINE CONTENT Flash Eurobarometer 411 CROSS-BORDER ACCESS TO ONLINE CONTENT SUMMARY Fieldwork: January 2015 Publication: August 2015 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for

More information

European Research Council

European Research Council ERC Starting Grant Outcome: Indicative statistics Reproduction is authorised provided the source ERC is acknowledged ERCEA/JH. ERC Starting Grant: call Submitted and selected proposals by domain Submitted

More information

ERMInE Database. Presentation by Nils Flatabø SINTEF Energy Research. ERMInE Workshop 2 - Northern Europe Oslo, 1. November 2006

ERMInE Database. Presentation by Nils Flatabø SINTEF Energy Research. ERMInE Workshop 2 - Northern Europe Oslo, 1. November 2006 ERMInE Database Presentation by Nils Flatabø SINTEF Energy Research ERMInE Workshop 2 - Northern Europe Oslo, 1. November 26 Overview Content of the Ermine Database Electronic Questionnaire RTD&D Data

More information

Special Eurobarometer 452. Report. Media pluralism and democracy

Special Eurobarometer 452. Report. Media pluralism and democracy Media pluralism and democracy Fieldwork September-October 2016 Publication Survey requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Justice and Consumers and co-ordinated by the Directorate-General

More information

E-COMMUNICATIONS AND TELECOM SINGLE MARKET HOUSEHOLD SURVEY

E-COMMUNICATIONS AND TELECOM SINGLE MARKET HOUSEHOLD SURVEY Special Eurobarometer 414 E-COMMUNICATIONS AND TELECOM SINGLE MARKET HOUSEHOLD SURVEY REPORT Fieldwork: January 2014 Publication: March 2014 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General

More information

Monitoring the social impact of the crisis: public perceptions in the European Union (wave 6) REPORT

Monitoring the social impact of the crisis: public perceptions in the European Union (wave 6) REPORT Eurobarometer Monitoring the social impact of the crisis: public perceptions in the European Union (wave 6) REPORT Fieldwork: December 2011 Publication: April 2012 This survey has been requested by Directorate-General

More information

Special Eurobarometer 390 CYBER SECURITY REPORT

Special Eurobarometer 390 CYBER SECURITY REPORT Special Eurobarometer 390 CYBER SECURITY REPORT Fieldwork: March 2012 Publication: July 2012 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General Home Affairs and co-ordinated

More information

COMPANIES ENGAGED IN ONLINE ACTIVITIES

COMPANIES ENGAGED IN ONLINE ACTIVITIES Flash Eurobarometer 413 COMPANIES ENGAGED IN ONLINE ACTIVITIES SUMMARY Fieldwork: January-February 2015 Publication: May 2015 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General

More information

Special Eurobarometer 423 CYBER SECURITY REPORT

Special Eurobarometer 423 CYBER SECURITY REPORT Special Eurobarometer 423 CYBER SECURITY REPORT Fieldwork: October 2014 Publication: February 2015 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Home Affairs and co-ordinated

More information

Special Eurobarometer 431 DATA PROTECTION REPORT

Special Eurobarometer 431 DATA PROTECTION REPORT Special Eurobarometer 431 DATA PROTECTION REPORT Fieldwork: March 2015 Publication: June 2015 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Justice and Consumers and

More information

European Research Council

European Research Council ERC Advanced Grants 2011 Outcome: Indicative Statistics Reproduction is authorised provided that the source ERC is acknowledged NB: In these graphs grantee refers to a candidate selected for ERC funding

More information

Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs) in Schools

Information and Communications Technologies (ICTs) in Schools H u n g a r y : k e y f i n d i n g s Almost all Hungarian schools now use computers for teaching and have internet access. 77% use the internet via a broadband connection. With this figure Hungary ranks

More information

Family Law. Analytical Report

Family Law. Analytical Report Flash Eurobarometer European Commission Family Law Analytical Report Fieldwork: June 2006 Report: October 2006 Flash Eurobarometer 188 The Gallup Organization This survey was requested by Directorate-General

More information

ENTERING THE EU BORDERS & VISAS THE SCHENGEN AREA OF FREE MOVEMENT. EU Schengen States. Non-Schengen EU States. Non-EU Schengen States.

ENTERING THE EU BORDERS & VISAS THE SCHENGEN AREA OF FREE MOVEMENT. EU Schengen States. Non-Schengen EU States. Non-EU Schengen States. ENTERING THE EU BORDERS & VISAS THE SCHENGEN AREA OF FREE MOVEMENT An area without internal borders where EU citizens and non-eu nationals may move freely EU Schengen States Non-Schengen EU States IS Azores

More information

ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS WASTE MANAGEMENT AND RESOURCE EFFICIENCY

ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS WASTE MANAGEMENT AND RESOURCE EFFICIENCY Flash Eurobarometer ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS WASTE MANAGEMENT AND RESOURCE EFFICIENCY REPORT Fieldwork: December 0 Publication: June 0 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General

More information

Special Eurobarometer 423 CYBER SECURITY SUMMARY

Special Eurobarometer 423 CYBER SECURITY SUMMARY Special Eurobarometer 423 CYBER SECURITY SUMMARY Fieldwork: October 2014 Publication: February 2015 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Home Affairs and co-ordinated

More information

Pan-European opinion poll on occupational safety and health

Pan-European opinion poll on occupational safety and health PRESS KIT Pan-European opinion poll on occupational safety and health Results across 36 European countries Press kit Conducted by Ipsos MORI Social Research Institute at the request of the European Agency

More information

E-COMMUNICATIONS HOUSEHOLD SURVEY

E-COMMUNICATIONS HOUSEHOLD SURVEY Special Eurobarometer 396 E-COMMUNICATIONS HOUSEHOLD SURVEY REPORT Fieldwork: February - March 2013 Publication: November 2013 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General

More information

PUBLIC ATTITUDES TOWARDS ROBOTS

PUBLIC ATTITUDES TOWARDS ROBOTS Special Eurobarometer 382 PUBLIC ATTITUDES TOWARDS ROBOTS REPORT Fieldwork: February - March 2012 Publication: September 2012 This survey has been requested by Directorate-General for Information Society

More information

INTRODUCTION... 2. I. Participation in the 2014 European elections... 3

INTRODUCTION... 2. I. Participation in the 2014 European elections... 3 ?? Directorate-General for Communication PUBLIC OPINION MONITORING UNIT 2014 EUROPEAN ELECTIONS DESK RESEARCH Brussels, April 2015 Profile of voters and abstainees in the European elections 2014 INTRODUCTION...

More information

THE ELECTRONIC CUSTOMS IMPLEMENTATION IN THE EU

THE ELECTRONIC CUSTOMS IMPLEMENTATION IN THE EU Flash Eurobarometer THE ELECTRONIC CUSTOMS IMPLEMENTATION IN THE EU REPORT Fieldwork: April-May 214 Publication: October 214 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General

More information

THE EUROPEAN EMERGENCY NUMBER 112

THE EUROPEAN EMERGENCY NUMBER 112 Flash Eurobarometer 368 THE EUROPEAN EMERGENCY NUMBER 112 SUMMARY Fieldwork: January 2013 Publication: February 2013 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communications

More information

Special Eurobarometer 398 INTERNAL MARKET REPORT

Special Eurobarometer 398 INTERNAL MARKET REPORT Special Eurobarometer 398 INTERNAL MARKET REPORT Fieldwork: April - May 2013 Publication: October 2013 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General Internal Market and

More information

Special Eurobarometer 397 CORRUPTION REPORT

Special Eurobarometer 397 CORRUPTION REPORT Special Eurobarometer 397 CORRUPTION REPORT Fieldwork: February - March 213 Publication: February 214 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Home Affairs and

More information

E-COMMUNICATIONS HOUSEHOLD SURVEY

E-COMMUNICATIONS HOUSEHOLD SURVEY Special Eurobarometer 381 E-COMMUNICATIONS HOUSEHOLD SURVEY REPORT Fieldwork: December 2011 Publication: June 2012 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Information

More information

Special Eurobarometer 442. Summary. Attitudes of Europeans towards Animal Welfare

Special Eurobarometer 442. Summary. Attitudes of Europeans towards Animal Welfare Fieldwork Publication March 2016 Survey requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Health and Food Safety and co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Communication This document

More information

ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS TOBACCO AND ELECTRONIC CIGARETTES

ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS TOBACCO AND ELECTRONIC CIGARETTES Special Eurobarometer 429 ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS TOBACCO AND ELECTRONIC CIGARETTES REPORT Fieldwork: November-December 2014 Publication: May 2015 This survey has been requested by the European

More information

Flash Eurobarometer 355 SPACE ACTIVITIES REPORT

Flash Eurobarometer 355 SPACE ACTIVITIES REPORT Flash Eurobarometer SPACE ACTIVITIES REPORT Fieldwork: July 2012 Publication: September 2012 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General Enterprise and Industry and co-ordinated

More information

Towards a safer use of the Internet for children in the EU a parents perspective. Analytical report

Towards a safer use of the Internet for children in the EU a parents perspective. Analytical report Flash Eurobarometer 248 The Gallup Organisation Analytical Report Flash EB N o 251 Public attitudes and perceptions in the euro area Flash Eurobarometer European Commission Towards a safer use of the Internet

More information

Europeans and their Languages

Europeans and their Languages Special Eurobarometer European Commission Europeans and their Languages Fieldwork: November December 2005 Publication: February 2006 Special Eurobarometer 243 / Wave 64.3 TNS Opinion & Social This survey

More information

Health and long-term care in the European Union

Health and long-term care in the European Union Special Eurobarometer European Commission Health and long-term care in the European Union Fieldwork: May June 2007 Publication: December 2007 Report Special Eurobarometer 283/ Wave 67.3 TNS Opinion & Social

More information

BUILDING THE DIGITAL SINGLE MARKET CROSS BORDER DEMAND FOR CONTENT SERVICES

BUILDING THE DIGITAL SINGLE MARKET CROSS BORDER DEMAND FOR CONTENT SERVICES Special Eurobarometer 366 BUILDING THE DIGITAL SINGLE MARKET CROSS BORDER DEMAND FOR CONTENT SERVICES REPORT Fieldwork: April - May 2011 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General

More information

E-Communications Household Survey. Report. Fieldwork: November - December 2009 Publication: October 2010. Special Eurobarometer 335

E-Communications Household Survey. Report. Fieldwork: November - December 2009 Publication: October 2010. Special Eurobarometer 335 Special Eurobarometer 335 European Commission E-Communications Household Survey Report Fieldwork: November - December 2009 Publication: October 2010 Special Eurobarometer 335 / Wave TNS Opinion & Social

More information

WOMEN IN DECISION-MAKING POSITIONS

WOMEN IN DECISION-MAKING POSITIONS Special Eurobarometer 376 WOMEN IN DECISION-MAKING POSITIONS REPORT Fieldwork: September 2011 Publication: March 2012 This survey has been requested by Directorate-General Justice and co-ordinated by Directorate-

More information

ANALYSIS OF THE STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATION ON

ANALYSIS OF THE STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATION ON ANALYSIS OF THE STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATION ON Science and Technology, the key to Europe s future: guidelines for future European policy to support research COM(353)2004 DG Research, European Commission,

More information

ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS TOBACCO

ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS TOBACCO Special Eurobarometer 385 ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS TOBACCO REPORT Fieldwork: February - March 2012 Publication: May 2012 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General

More information

AIDS Prevention. Fieldwork September to December 2005 Publication February 2006

AIDS Prevention. Fieldwork September to December 2005 Publication February 2006 Special Eurobarometer European Commission AIDS Prevention Fieldwork September to December 2005 Publication February 2006 Special Eurobarometer 240 / Wave 64.1 and 64.3 TNS Opinion & Social This survey

More information

EUROPEAN SEMESTER THEMATIC FICHE ACCESS TO FINANCE

EUROPEAN SEMESTER THEMATIC FICHE ACCESS TO FINANCE EUROPEAN SEMESTER THEMATIC FICHE ACCESS TO FINANCE Access to finance is key to business development. Investment and innovation are not possible without adequate financing. A difficulty in getting finance

More information

SURVEY OF SCHOOLS: ICT IN EDUCATION COUNTRY PROFILE: CZECH REPUBLIC

SURVEY OF SCHOOLS: ICT IN EDUCATION COUNTRY PROFILE: CZECH REPUBLIC SURVEY OF SCHOOLS: ICT IN EDUCATION COUNTRY PROFILE: CZECH REPUBLIC November 2012 This report was prepared by the Contractor: European Schoolnet and University of Liège under contract SMART 2010/0039.

More information

2013 SMEs Access to Finance survey. Analytical Report

2013 SMEs Access to Finance survey. Analytical Report 2013 SMEs Access to Finance survey Analytical Report Date: 14/11/2013 2013 SMEs Access to Finance survey Analytical Report 14 November 2013 Contents Introduction... 2 Summary... 6 1. SMEs most pressing

More information

Third quarter of 2014 Annual growth in labour costs down to 1.3% in euro area Stable at 1.4% in EU28

Third quarter of 2014 Annual growth in labour costs down to 1.3% in euro area Stable at 1.4% in EU28 198/2014-17 December 2014 Third quarter of 2014 Annual growth in labour costs down to 1.3% in euro area Stable at 1.4% in EU28 Hourly labour costs 1 rose by 1.3% in the euro area 2 (EA18) and by 1.4% in

More information

Study on comparison tools and third-party verification schemes

Study on comparison tools and third-party verification schemes Justice and Consumers Study on comparison tools and third-party verification schemes ECCG 25/03/2015 Julien Brugerolle JUST E6 Introduction Study objectives Explore consumer behavioural patterns in the

More information

Road safety. Analytical report. Flash Eurobarometer 301 The Gallup Organization

Road safety. Analytical report. Flash Eurobarometer 301 The Gallup Organization Flash Eurobarometer 301 The Gallup Organization Flash Eurobarometer European Commission Road safety Analytical report Fieldwork: June 2010 Publication: July 2010 This survey was requested by Directorate-General

More information

PATIENTS RIGHTS IN CROSS-BORDER HEALTHCARE IN THE EUROPEAN UNION

PATIENTS RIGHTS IN CROSS-BORDER HEALTHCARE IN THE EUROPEAN UNION Special Eurobarometer 425 PATIENTS RIGHTS IN CROSS-BORDER HEALTHCARE IN THE EUROPEAN UNION REPORT Fieldwork: October 2014 Publication: May 2015 This survey has been requested by the European Commission,

More information

Attitudes of Europeans towards Tobacco. Report. Special Eurobarometer. Fieldwork October - November 2006 Publication May 2007

Attitudes of Europeans towards Tobacco. Report. Special Eurobarometer. Fieldwork October - November 2006 Publication May 2007 Special Eurobarometer European Commission Attitudes of Europeans towards Tobacco Fieldwork October - November 2006 Publication May 2007 Report Special Eurobarometer 272c / Wave 66.2 TNS Opinion & Social

More information

Attitudes towards vocational education and training

Attitudes towards vocational education and training Special Eurobarometer 369 European Commission Attitudes towards vocational education and training SUMMARY Special Eurobarometer 369 / Wave EB75.4 TNS opinion & social Fieldwork: June 2011 Publication:

More information

Patient safety and quality of healthcare

Patient safety and quality of healthcare Special Eurobarometer European Commission Patient safety and quality of healthcare Full report Fieldwork September-October 2009 Publication April 2010 Special Eurobarometer 327 / Wave - European Opinion

More information

[Written by the Centre for Strategy and Evaluation Services] [May 2015]

[Written by the Centre for Strategy and Evaluation Services] [May 2015] Study on the compliance by Member States on the time needed to get licences and permits to take up and perform the specific activity of an enterprise as from beginning of 2014 [Written by the Centre for

More information

GDP per capita, consumption per capita and comparative price levels in Europe

GDP per capita, consumption per capita and comparative price levels in Europe Economy and finance Author: Lars SVENNEBYE Statistics in focus 2008 GDP per capita, consumption per capita and comparative price levels in Europe Final results for 2005 and preliminary results for 2006

More information

Update of trade weights data underlying the EERs and HCIs: extending the group of 20 trading partners to include Croatia from 1 July 2013

Update of trade weights data underlying the EERs and HCIs: extending the group of 20 trading partners to include Croatia from 1 July 2013 1 Update of trade weights data underlying the EERs and HCIs: extending the group of 20 trading partners to include Croatia from 1 July 2013 The trade weights underlying the calculation of the effective

More information

EUROPE 2020 TARGETS: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

EUROPE 2020 TARGETS: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT EUROPE 2020 TARGETS: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT Research, development and innovation are key policy components of the EU strategy for economic growth: Europe 2020. By fostering market take-up of new, innovative

More information

Attitudes towards vocational education and training

Attitudes towards vocational education and training Special Eurobarometer 369 European Commission Attitudes towards vocational education and training REPORT Special Eurobarometer 369 / Wave TNS opinion & social Fieldwork: June Publication: September This

More information

The summary table below shows how the composition of the trading partner groups changes on 1 January 2015 as a result of the enlargement.

The summary table below shows how the composition of the trading partner groups changes on 1 January 2015 as a result of the enlargement. 1 Update of trade weights underlying effective exchange rates and harmonised competitiveness indicators as Lithuania joins the euro area on 1 January 2015 The trade weights underlying the calculation of

More information

Report EEA prospectus activity in 2015

Report EEA prospectus activity in 2015 Report EEA prospectus activity in 2015 28 July 2016 2016/ESMA/1170 Table of Contents Acronyms... 3 1 Introduction... 5 2 General approval activity... 6 2.1 Number of prospectuses approved per EEA country...

More information

CONSUMERS ATTITUDES TOWARDS CROSS- BORDER TRADE AND CONSUMER PROTECTION

CONSUMERS ATTITUDES TOWARDS CROSS- BORDER TRADE AND CONSUMER PROTECTION Eurobarometer CONSUMERS ATTITUDES TOWARDS CROSS- BORDER TRADE AND CONSUMER PROTECTION REPORT Fieldwork: September 2011 Publication: May 2012 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General

More information

Dublin, March 2013. EPSO Network of Experts in the field of Personnel Selection 14th March 2013

Dublin, March 2013. EPSO Network of Experts in the field of Personnel Selection 14th March 2013 Dublin, March 2013 EPSO Network of Experts in the field of Personnel Selection 14th March 2013 On-going and upcoming competitions AD2012 by Citizenship AD2012 Citizenship %EU Population validated application

More information

ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS BIODIVERSITY

ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS BIODIVERSITY Special Eurobarometer ATTITUDES OF EUROPEANS TOWARDS BIODIVERSITY REPORT Fieldwork: May-June 0 Publication: October 0 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for

More information

European judicial training 2014. Justice

European judicial training 2014. Justice European judicial training 2014 Justice Europe Direct is a service to help you find answers to your questions about the European Union. Freephone number (*): 00 800 6 7 8 9 10 11 (*) Certain mobile telephone

More information

Special Eurobarometer 379 FUTURE OF EUROPE REPORT. This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication.

Special Eurobarometer 379 FUTURE OF EUROPE REPORT. This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication. Special Eurobarometer 379 FUTURE OF EUROPE REPORT Fieldwork: December 2011 Publication: April 2012 This survey has been requested by the European Commission, Directorate-General for Communication. http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/index_en.htm

More information

What do the recent regional GDP statistics tell us about Cohesion?

What do the recent regional GDP statistics tell us about Cohesion? Analysis from the CPMR Secretariat July 2015 What do the recent regional GDP statistics tell us about Cohesion? Headline messages - Recent regional GDP statistics reveal that regional disparities are on

More information

EUROPE 2020 TARGET: EARLY LEAVERS FROM EDUCATION AND TRAINING

EUROPE 2020 TARGET: EARLY LEAVERS FROM EDUCATION AND TRAINING EUROPE 2020 TARGET: EARLY LEAVERS FROM EDUCATION AND TRAINING By 2020, the share of early leavers from education and training (aged 18-24) should be less than 10% Early school leaving 1 is an obstacle

More information

SURVEY OF SCHOOLS: ICT IN EDUCATION COUNTRY PROFILE: FRANCE

SURVEY OF SCHOOLS: ICT IN EDUCATION COUNTRY PROFILE: FRANCE SURVEY OF SCHOOLS: ICT IN EDUCATION COUNTRY PROFILE: FRANCE November 2012 This report was prepared by the Contractor: European Schoolnet and University of Liège under contract SMART 2010/0039. The views

More information

Database Grundtvig courses. January 2011 December 2012

Database Grundtvig courses. January 2011 December 2012 Database Grundtvig courses January 2011 December 2012 1. Totals courses Courses aimed at participants receiving: 10 1057 A grant for either Comenius or Grundtvig target groups (COM+GRU) 28% 299 A Grundtvig

More information

1. Perception of the Bancruptcy System... 2. 2. Perception of In-court Reorganisation... 4

1. Perception of the Bancruptcy System... 2. 2. Perception of In-court Reorganisation... 4 Bankruptcy Systems and In-court Reorganisation of Firms, 2010 Content: 1. Perception of the Bancruptcy System... 2 2. Perception of In-court Reorganisation... 4 3. Perception of Creditor Committees, Fast

More information

Finnish foreign trade 2015 Figures and diagrams FINNISH CUSTOMS Statistics 1

Finnish foreign trade 2015 Figures and diagrams FINNISH CUSTOMS Statistics 1 Finnish foreign trade 215 Figures and diagrams 29.2.216 FINNISH CUSTOMS Statistics 1 IMPORTS, EXPORTS AND TRADE BALANCE 199-215 7 billion e 6 5 4 3 2 1-1 9 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

More information

Compulsory Education in Europe

Compulsory Education in Europe Compulsory Education in Europe 2015/16 Eurydice Facts and Figures Education and Training Compulsory Education in Europe 2015/16 Eurydice Facts and Figures Education and Training This document is published

More information

European contract law in business-to-business transactions

European contract law in business-to-business transactions Flash EB N o 320 European Contract Law, B2B Flash Eurobarometer European Commission European contract law in business-to-business transactions Report: 2011 Flash Eurobarometer 320 The Gallup Organization

More information

Social dumping and free movement: Overview of current issues from an economic point of view

Social dumping and free movement: Overview of current issues from an economic point of view Social dumping and free movement: Overview of current issues from an economic point of view Prof. dr. Jozef Pacolet & Frederic De Wispelaere Design Charles & Ray Eames - Hang it all Vitra Statistics on

More information

Taxation of tobacco products in the European Union. Frank Van Driessche DG Taxation and Customs Union May 2006

Taxation of tobacco products in the European Union. Frank Van Driessche DG Taxation and Customs Union May 2006 1 Taxation of tobacco products in the European Union Frank Van Driessche DG Taxation and Customs Union May 2006 2 Legislation on taxation Directive 92/79/EEC (Approximation of taxes on cigarettes) Directive

More information

E-Communications Household Survey. Summary. Fieldwork: November - December 2009 Publication: October 2010. Special Eurobarometer 335

E-Communications Household Survey. Summary. Fieldwork: November - December 2009 Publication: October 2010. Special Eurobarometer 335 Special Eurobarometer 335 European Commission E-Communications Household Survey Summary Fieldwork: November - December 2009 Publication: October 2010 Special Eurobarometer 335 / Wave 72.5 TNS Opinion &

More information

Implementing the cooperation mechanisms of the RES directive current status and open questions

Implementing the cooperation mechanisms of the RES directive current status and open questions Implementing the cooperation mechanisms of the RES directive current status and open questions Corinna Klessmann, Ecofys Germany RE-SHAPING Workshop, Vilnius, 16.05.2011 Supported by Intelligent Energy

More information

Internal Market: Awareness, Perceptions and Impacts

Internal Market: Awareness, Perceptions and Impacts Special Eurobarometer 363 European Commission Internal Market: Awareness, Perceptions and Impacts REPORT Special Eurobarometer 363 / Wave TNS opinion & social Fieldwork: February-March 2011 Publication:

More information

EN 106 EN 4. THE MOBILE USE OF THE INTERNET BY INDIVIDUALS AND ENTERPRISES. 4.1. Introduction

EN 106 EN 4. THE MOBILE USE OF THE INTERNET BY INDIVIDUALS AND ENTERPRISES. 4.1. Introduction 4. THE MOBILE USE OF THE INTERNET BY INDIVIDUALS AND ENTERPRISES 4.1. Introduction This chapter looks at mobile use of the internet by individuals and enterprises, benefiting from new data collected in

More information

Comparison of annuity markets (OECD National Annuity Markets: Features and Implications, Rusconi 2008) Mercer

Comparison of annuity markets (OECD National Annuity Markets: Features and Implications, Rusconi 2008) Mercer May 2009 Retirement Income/Annuities Around the World What US Policy Makers Might Learn Barbara Marder, Baltimore Global Defined Contribution Consulting Leader www.mercer.com 1 Comparison of annuity markets

More information

Statistical Data on Women Entrepreneurs in Europe

Statistical Data on Women Entrepreneurs in Europe Statistical Data on Women Entrepreneurs in Europe September 2014 Enterprise and Industry EUROPEAN COMMISSION Directorate-General for Enterprise and Industry Directorate D SMEs and Entrepreneurship Unit

More information