serigraphs & prints by M F HUSAIN

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "serigraphs & prints by M F HUSAIN"

Transcription

1 serigraphs & prints by M F HUSAIN limited edition serigraphs & prints by M F HUSAIN

2 limited edition serigraphs & prints by M F HUSAIN

3 Gallery Five Art Consultants LIMITED EDITION SERIGRAPHS & PRINTS by M F HUSAIN

4 FOREWoRD by Sanjay K. Sethia 7 Essays by Georgina Maddox 9-15 The History of Serigraphy & The Importance of Printmaking The Economic Importance of Serigraphy April Gallery Five Art Consultants Pvt. Ltd. Imprinting the Future: Maqbool Fida Husain and His Affinity to Serigraphy Gallery Five Art Consultants For all enquiries please contact: Mr. Sanjay Kumar Sethia M: Website: Concept & Design: Sanjay Kumar Sethia Essays: Georgina Maddox, Art Critic Photography: Raj Salhotra Printed at Archana ISBN: Front Cover : Café Deux Back Cover : OPCE No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in or introduced into a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form by any means (electronic, mechanical, photocopy, recording or otherwise), without the prior written permission of the Copyright owner of this catalogue. G5AC will not be held Responsible for any typing / printing errors or spelling errors in the catalogue. Contents ARTWORK PLATES AShTHA VINAYAKA SERIES HORSES SERIES THEORAMA SERIES PRINT SERIGRAPH KRISHNA LEELA SERIES MAHABHARATA SERIES 62 KERALA SERIES 63 BRITISH RAJ SERIES MUSICIAN SERIES 66 RAJASTHAN SERIES 67 MOTHER TERESA SERIES OUR PLANET CALLED EARTH SERIES GANESHA 97 MECCA & CAMEL 98 MADHURI DANCING 99 DURGA 100 DANCING WOMEN 101 WOMAN & HORSE 102 CAFÉ DEUX 103 MAQBOOL FIDA HUSAIN: LIFE & TIMES

5 A PRINT IS FOR PEOPLE WITH MORE TASTE THAN MONEY - M F Husain This publication by Gallery Five Art Consultants presents art lovers and enthusiasts a prospective into the origins, the creative process and also the economic factors related to investment potential of serigraphs and prints fashioned by exceptional artists such as M F Husain. This portfolio was produced with great energy and time dedicated by the artist. They are an extension to the more traditional mediums such as canvas and paper. Limited Edition, numbered and signed, original serigraphs and prints are equally respected as an original paintings. These are regarded as original works of Art by the artist. Husain s vision was to make his works affordable to all levels of collectors, from the first time buyer to the seasoned collector. Our mission, with this publication, is to align with that vision and to encourage all levels of art enthusiasts to interact with and own a work of art. A publication like The Silk Route, challenges the myth that art is only for the elite. It increases art awareness and expands the pool of young and first time collectors adding to the existing circle. Historically prices have increased over a period of time for serigraphs and prints, as well as near record prices in auctions around the world but, this cannot be the defining factor in purchasing any work of art. A buyer has to treat appreciation in value as incidental. The criteria for Art can only be its aesthetic beauty where the collector can showcase their work with pride of place on their walls, enjoying the emotions that works of art invoke. I hope viewers of this publication find it inspiring and memorable, joyous and complete. Sanjay Kumar Sethia 7

6 THE HISTORY OF SERIGRAPHY AND THE IMPORTANCE OF PRINTMAKING THE HISTORY OF SERIGRAPHY AND THE IMPORTANCE OF PRINTMAKING image 1: image 2: THE ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF SERIGRAPHY Image reference: IMPRINTING THE FUTURE: MAQBOOL FIDA HUSAIN AND HIS AFFINITY TO SERIGRAPHY Serigraphy is considered as one of the oldest methods of printmaking. Silk-screen printing or serigraphy appears to have originated in Egypt where the tombs of Pharaohs were decorated by stencils and the Greek mosaics. Historians set the watermark date as 9000 BC. The Chinese were known to use stencils to reproduce the image of Lord Buddha as early as AD. While the Japanese made the process more complex by stretching a piece of silk across a bamboo frame that served as a carrier of hand-cut stencils, in fact this method is what most contemporary artists use. With Indian art now getting appreciation and applause everywhere, it is important that people have easy access to art prints by some of the great artists of our country. In India mass production prints may be traced back to the Indus Valley civilization where plates were etched with land-deeds and reproduced. However, it was with the arrival of Guttenberg s Bible that was first printed in India as a device to duplicate and reproduce that the modern technique of printmaking came to India. MARY ICON EARLY GREEK PRINT USING GOLD The first record of printmaking process being used in India dates back to It was then that the first illustrated cover was printed in Goa for the book Constituciones do Arcebispado d Goa (Constitution of Archdiocese Goa). The illustration, an image of a traditional doorway or entrance, was done using the relief technique of woodblock. Thirteen such books were printed in Goa between 1556 and It was however during the Raj under the guidance of the British, that printing became formally mechanized in India. They were keen to introduce their education system and encourage the talent of craft and design-oriented artists. They introduced mass production in India via printing presses, and silkscreen printing on fabrics. It was to fulfill the demand for Indian crafts in the foreign market that was a growing trade. Printmaking for artistic purposes only began to emerge with early Modern artist like Raja Ravi Varma ( ). From Ravi Varma to Modern Contemporary artists like M F Husain ( ), prints now balance on the cusp of fine and popular art in their own right. Unlike the West, India had a peculiar condition where printmaking rivaled painting. As scholar Partha Mitter rightly points out, there was an unsaid rivalry between prints and originals, where the latter was given more value than the former. 1 The printed image in India rivaled painting, thereby challenging its aura of authenticity. As the pioneering printmaking firms, 8 9

7 Calcutta Art and the Poona Chitrashala Press show, mechanical prints helped forge the Indian nation by creating a common visual culture. However, the very nature of mass reproduction itself contributed to the weakening and diluting of the monolithic character of elite nationalism. However artists like Husain or Anupam Sud often destroy that hierarchy by making their prints as collectible as their original art works, since they invested as much artistry in the print as they do in the original. Also by working in a unique manner on the serigraphy print artists like Husain, have added a premium to their prints. Art critic Paula Sengupta has pointed out that artist often combine printmaking techniques with painting and installation art as well. Though Ravi Varma s was the first artist in India to use printmaking, he did not employ it as an artistic medium in itself, but as a means for his art to reach the masses. To achieve his purpose, he set up his own lithographic press towards the end of the 19th century, known as the Ravi Varma press in Ghatkopar, Bombay. Here he copied several of his religious and secular paintings and printed them as glossy oleographs; over time though Varma s oleographs have gained in value because of their historicity and rarity. Serigraphs have been upheld by the likes of the British Standard Institute and Museum of Modern Art, San Francisco as works of art. In the West artists like Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Tom Wesselmann and Robert Rauschenberg began creating major works in silk screen, by experimenting with colors and textures that were unavailable in other mediums, print as a creative medium in India started during the second decade of the twentieth century. The history of printmaking in India unlike painting and drawing is often attached to art institutions and large cooperative studios; whether it is Kala Bhavana in Santiniketan or the Graphics department in the Faulty of Fine Arts, Baroda MSU. This is because printmaking requires a certain amount of infrastructure; large print-press machines to draw out prints in the case of etching, woodcut and Lino-prints; large stones in the instance of lithography, acid wash tubs, ink rollers and a large space to dry the prints after they have been inked. The practice of printmaking as a fine art medium gained immense popularity with the establishment of Kala Bhavan founded by the Tagores in In 1990, the Indian Printmakers Guild was established. Over the years, it has been successful in building awareness about the medium and creating appreciation for it. In 1999, in Baroda, it was the formation of Chhaap, which established printmakers into a studio practice that was supportive technically and intellectually. The organization aspires to promote printmaking and continually offers new work opportunities to artists, enabling them to investigate and experiment with the different techniques. A typical serigraph may be created with a woven mesh to support an ink-blocking stencil that receives the desired image. The stencil forms open areas of the mesh that transfer ink or other printable materials which is then pressed through the mesh as a sharp-edged image onto a substrate or surface on which an enzyme acts. A fill blade or squeegee is moved across the screen stencil, pumping ink into the mesh openings for transfer by capillary action during the squeegee stroke. This process ensures that the hand of the artist is at work in creating the strokes, almost like a painting. Silk Screen printing is not as easy as it sounds, because even though the heavy machinery and cumbersome stones of Lithography are not required, when a colour print is made, an artist will have to use up to 32 different screens in order to create a single serigraph. This is because each colour is printed on a separate screen. It can often be a complicated process, which requires supervision and dexterity. Husain, a master of many mediums displayed great alacrity and skill in producing his own serigraphs, often in the privacy of his studio without much assistance. Husain preferred the silkscreen printmaking technique because it suited his mobile lifestyle and it also responded well to the immediacy with which Husain loved to work. Most of Husain s original paintings were hardly ever reworked of created through a studied deliberation. The artist would paint using rapid strong lines first and then swatches of bright colours; he would build up the composition as he went along, often without even using preparatory drawings. Serigraphy captures this spontaneity of the artist well without being tied to a studio system. Husain has created many of these prints in studios outside India. This is not because India is lacking in technical support, but because Husain often lived abroad, especially after he was exiled from his motherland, because of Right Wing oppression. Georgina Maddox 10 11

8 THE ECONOMIC IMPORTANCE OF SERIGRAPHY Serigraphy opens up the art mart and makes it more accessible by working with the artist to create limited editions of prints. The Limited Edition print and the art print market has expanded enormously over the last decade. This growth in art print sales has been stimulated by an increasing interest in contemporary art. So while auction houses have escalated the prices of original art works, prints cater to that segment of the market whose aspiration to acquire art is on the rise. It may be interesting to note that the market for originals and artist prints are not exclusive. Many people who can actually afford original artwork are also collectors of prints. This is because the prints, like the art works are signed and have resale value in the market. An artist s name on an art print or limited edition print can increase the price by two or more times. This does not mean signed art prints have intrinsic value only to the autograph collectors, but it is true that in some cases the entire economic value of an art print is in the signature. However the signature of the artist is not the only important factor to add value to an artist print. What also defines the real investment potential of the art work is whether the artist has worked on the print himself or not. Mass produced prints usually are poor in value, and it is the limited edition prints that the artist is involved in personally creating that has the real value. A serigraph print is also classified as an original art work. This is because the artist stencils directly on the silkscreen. It is usually manually produced and is usually 200 to 300 in number, increasing the rarity factor. A print marked 2/250 is the second of two hundred and twenty-five images. The number indicates the order in which prints were signed, not necessarily the order in which the impressions were pulled. This, plus the fact that later impressions are sometimes superior to earlier pulls, means that lower numbers do not generally indicate better quality impressions. Hence 500 serigraphs can be easily pulled from a stencil and often the later pulls are better than the earlier editions. Following international practice, many print studios price their portfolio whereby prices rise at pre-determined intervals, based on how many prints are left. For instance, the first batch of 100 prints is sold for Rs 75,000, the next batch at Rs 90,000 and the remaining at Rs 1,15,000. A serigraph is generally more expensive than a lithograph and also has better quality in terms of colour density and resolution. Very often the market will respond to the vicissitudes of supply, but also other factors such as, condition, rarity and rating of the print in question, relative to the whole body of work. In the instance of M F Husain s prints that are featured in this collection, what is remarkable about these series is not only are they signed, produced by the artist s hand but they also belong to Husain s best know and celebrated series Krishna Leela, Mahabharata, British Raj, Ashtha Vinayak, The Mother Teresa Series, The Theorama Series, Our Planet called Earth and his most famous The Horses Series, all cardinal to the artists oeuvre. Another important factor in ascertaining the resale value of a signed serigraph is the provenance of the artwork. In this instance the collection is from the collection of Husain s family (with the exception of Our Planet Called Earth series which comes from a Pune based collector. Serigraphy is a wonderful opportunity for young and seasoned collectors to purchase works by renowned artists at affordable prices. Most gallery owners will tell you that the value of a print rises when the edition is sold out and availability becomes scarce, for instance a print of his Ashtha Vinayak series that was purchased in 2004 at Rs 30,000/- is now easily worth four times that amount. Two M F Husain serigraphs from the artist s Jaisalmer series, which he released in 2003 for Rs 25,000 each, went at Bonham s Auction House auction in April 2006 for 1800 and 1900 (around Rs 1.5 lakh). This was while the artist was still alive. With Husain having passed away, the price of his serigraphs and prints can only be on the rise. References: 1. Partha Mitter School of English and American Studies, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton BNI 9QN, Sussex, UK. 2. Research at Serigraphy Studio. 3. Referenced from India Today. 4. Business Today. FOLK-LORE JAISALMER SERIES 29 x 22 SERIGRAPH 1/200, By M F HUSAIN Georgina Maddox 12 13

9 IMPRINTING THE FUTURE: MAQBOOL FIDA HUSAIN AND HIS AFFINITY TO SERIGRAPHY Maqbool Fida Husain was arguably one of the most important forces in India to popularize art. Husain was born into a working class family in 1913 in Pandharpur, Maharashtra. He was a self-taught artist who began making a living as a billboard painter while creating furniture designs and toys, in the 1930s in Bombay (now Mumbai). Hence he was already familiar with popular forms of artistic mediums such as poster painting and screen printing. In the 1940s he joined the Progressive Artists Group that featured members like the articulate Francis Newton Souza, the spiritually reflective Syed Haider Raza, K H Ara, Sadanand Bakre and Gade. M F Husain like many of his contemporaries pursued an endless quest for his cultural roots and displayed a fearlessly open-minded willingness to absorb diverse influences. Husain was one of the most prolific and democratic figures of contemporary Indian art. He was not a believer of the rarified white cube exclusivity of art but was known to be interactive in his art practice. From live painting and drawing, to creating a Husain artwork screen saver, to experiments in creating serigraph prints, Husain s motto was to disseminate art in as many ways possible, including prints that could be owned by a number of people. When an artist print-maker, like Husain, produces an original stencil print using the hand-held screen-printing method these are classified as serigraphs. Because the work is made by the hand of the artist, or in some instances under his/her supervision, their value is considered higher than a simple offset print which is machine made. Historically, serigraphy is a print making technique, among others like lino-cut, wood cut, etching, oleographs and lithography. Deriving its name from the Latin word Sericum which means silk and the Greek word graphein which means to draw, Serigraphy literally means to draw through silk. The technique originated in China ( AD) but it gained artistic endorsement in the 1930s, when a group of artists, who later formed the National Serigraphic Society coined the word Serigraphy. It was differentiated as an artistic application of screen printing, which was set apart from the industrial use of the process. In India the industrial silk screen printing method was popular in Kolkata, Jaipur and Kashmir. While in artistic spheres, it was artists like K G Subramaniam, Bhupen Khakhar and M F Husain, Jehangir Sabavala and Raza among others, who made silk-screen a popular artistic technique. It became a popular form of printmaking because it allows colour printing with exactitude of form and vibrancy in colour. Husain was also inspired by the geometric forms of Arabic Kufic calligraphy that tied in with his artistic sensibilities. It became the source of angularity in his figures and forms. Despite rightwing efforts to pigeon-hole him as an Islamic artist, Husain would return time and again to themes that blended folk, tribal and mythological art to create vibrantly contemporary, living art forms. In fact his rise as a public figure has as much to do with his style and presentation, as it does with his themes. In negotiating the iconic Husain had invested it with a mythic aura, restoring its original functions.while Raja Ravi Varma, had humanized the Gods as real men and women in his tableaux like canvases,( that were later reproduced as oleographs), Husain, under modernism empowered them with a symbolic presence while contextualizing them in the contemporary, thereby layering their form with multiple meanings, writes Yashodhara Dalmia in her seminal book The Making of Modern Indian Art. Husain s depiction of the icons of Indian culture, through the ages, are an effort capture the quintessence of his subjects, like Mother Teresa and the characters of epics like the Mahabharata. His serigraphs also follow the same thread of ideas, as each series captures these important works in vibrant colours. From the Mother Teresa series to his Horse series, Husain has made his major works accessible through the format of serigraphy. However it is not a simple duplication of themes, for many of the serigraphs are enhanced in value by the use of silver and gold leaf while making the serigraphs. In fact, Husain is one of the few artists to work with silver and gold in his silk-screen prints. More often than not, silver and gold serigraphy is prepared by Christian icon makers in Russia and Greece. Husain always held that serigraphs are their own originals, because each colour is printed separately by hand. In art jargon, these works of art are multiple originals. In fact serigraphy has a character of its own: a raised texture and colours that are slightly brighter than the original work. Every signed print is an original in that sense. Husain was one of the artists who championed the artistic value of serigraphs by collaborating with various galleries and studios to produce a portfolio of serigraphs that would be available to more and more people. Always aware of popular themes, affordability and most of all, for being a Husain original work of Art. Georgina Maddox 14 15

10 ARTWORK PLATES 16 17

11 ASHTHA VINAYAKA SERIES The eight Ganesha s or Ashtha Vinayaka or eight avatars of Ganesha and the pilgrimage of the eight temples in Maharashtra. Ganesha is the Hindu deity of obstacles, unity, prosperity and learning. Ganapati as the myth goes, was born from Parvati, created from her own body dirt and kept outside to guard her boudoir. Shiva in his haste to enter Parvati s lodgings does not realize Ganapati is Parvati s ward and beheads him. When he discovers his folly, Shiva places the head of a baby elephant and gives life to Ganesha. Husain in his depiction of Ganesha creates a playful, loveable and utterly humane interpretation of the God. Whether it is Ganesha dancing with his avatars, cuddled up to his mother Parvati, riding Nandi the white bull at Mount Kailash or balancing a modak that looks more like a celestial orb, Ganesha is never static or weary but full of youthful pizzazz. ASHTHA VINAYAKA X 20 PRINT 18 19

12 HORSES SERIES The horse is perhaps Husain s most emblematic and iconic animal that has acquired the status of a symbol for the artist himself. In fact Husain went to the extent of inviting a splendid white horse to one of his art openings. Nobel, energetic, powerful the horse appealed to Husain s painterly instincts and they appear unfettered and free, glorying in wild abandon. Husain willfully pushed freedom to its utmost limits the freedom to turn every strong impulse into frenziedly executed images, never stopping to contemplate but allowing his energy to flow unimpeded on to the canvas 2. The horse is the paramount translation of this energy. THREE HORSES ASOKA SILVER HORSES RAINBOW HORSE LUV & KUSH FINISHING POINT HORSE V HORSE X CROSS FADE 1 CROSS FADE 2 HORSE IV HORSE 1 FULL MOON HORSES ARABIC HORSES THREE HORSES is one of the few Husain compositions that celebrate colour rather than line. Swatches of primary colours of blue, red and yellow dominate the palette while a hint of green elevates the strong hues. The horses appear entangled and it is difficult at first to pick their forms out of the daubs of colour that the artist has applied in thick heavy strokes. This serigraph bares a strong stamp of the hand of the artist for it captures the original strokes of the paintings. THREE HORSES 27.5 X 20 SERIGRAPH 1/

13 A dramatic composition, which is primarily rendered in black lines against a red backdrop, it showcases the glory and pomp of the King Asoka.The serigraph titled ASOKA is a tribute to the secular leader who was one of India s important rulers. The heraldic lion of the Asoka stamp, which is our national emblem on coins and official documents, is symbolically indicated by the floating heads of three lions. Husain has delineated Asoka in profile with a warrior-like turban on his head. He appears to ride on a chariot of vigorous horses that are the most colourful component that dominates the composition. The king s sword drips with blood indicating that this work glorifies his prowess at battle, before Asoka took to the Buddhist faith. Green and yellow offset by silver horses prancing in an invisible circle, SILVER HORSES is at once modern and geometric, while capturing all the natural candor and energy of the horses. The serigraph is rendered unique by the use of silver leaf that Husain employed to create a unique work of art. ASOKA 22 x 30 SERIGRAPH 1/250 SILVER HORSES 19 x 25 SILVER PRINT 1/

14 RAINBOW HORSE is a celebration of the formal values of line, colour and form, this horse appears slightly displaced by the clever use of cuboids that interrupt the naturalistic form of the horse. The vibrant use of reds blues and yellows, Husain s favorite primary colours, enhances the work as do the angular lines. Taking a page out of mythology Husain paints the story of Ashvamedha. According to the myth, the splendid white horse adorned with jewels was sent from Lord Rama s kingdom. The horse strayed into Sage Valmiki s ashram and LUV AND KUSH, the sons of Lord Ram, befriended the horse. The original painting is characterized by bold strokes and vibrant colours while the horse is slightly cubistic with sharp lines and palette-knife work. This signed print captures the colour and texture vividly. In the composition, the horse appears larger than life, for the tiny figures of Luv and Kush, are relegated to the bottom register of the painting. Armed with their bows and arrows they take on the mighty army of Shatrughna accompanying the horse. Sage Valmiki balances atop the back of the horse deep in mediation. RAINBOW HORSE 23 x 17 PRINT 1/200 LUV & KUSH 27.5 x PRINT 1/

15 HORSE V is a playful encounter between Yin and Yang, black and white or day and night, Husain s Horse V, pictures two steeds racing toward each other. A slender river of orange colour runs between them grounding the composition. The work is airy, energetic and display Husain s ability to express minimally. HORSE V 43 X 22.5 SERIGRAPH 1 /250 Husain s FINISHING POINT is an endearing self-portrait. It pictures Husain, the white haired artist standing with his trademark large brush, before the canvas painting vividly coloured horses that seem to be charging into the distance. Here the energetic strokes of the painter are matched by the galloping horses where artist and muse merge into one. FINISHING POINT 18 X 22 SERIGRAPH 1/

16 In a powerful display of diagonals and flat colours HORSE X displays Husain s prowess as a Modern Artist. The work posses both restraint and the dynamism that is characteristic of Husain s compositions, created by the placement horses. Three horses charge from left to right of the work while one at the bottom charges from the right. This placement lends the work movement and vigor. The serigraph is further enhanced by the use of silver that Husain often worked with while creating his serigraphs. The silver leaf not only enhances the value of the work but renders each work unique. Strong reds and yellows characterize Horses IV, which is divided into two registers. He top register pictures a group of horses galloping in the distance. The bottom half of the work displays two energetic horses that zoom into the foreground. Once again the artist engages in a strategic placement of left and right creating movement and perspective by a strategic placement of forms. HORSE IV 39 x 27.5 SERIGRAPH 1/200 HORSE X 35 x 29 SERIGRAPH 1/

17 Lyrical, minimal and perfectly balanced, Cross Fade 1 and 2 display Husain s love for modernism. The conjoined horses look East and West balancing on their back-legs, their hooves pawing at the air and their mounts emitting a wild neigh. They are vibrant in form, but the colour palette is soothing blues, gold and silver. Husain probably created this exclusively as a serigraph using gold and silver, Inspired by the icon makers of Russia who would enhance their prints. In a similar manner by using these precious materials, Husain loved to create serigraphs that gloried in the purity and elegance of gold and silver tints. CROSS FADE 1 & x 20 SERIGRAPH 1/250 CROSS FADE 1 CROSS FADE

18 Vibrant colours, distinctive line and the use of the circular composition Husain s Horse I possesses all the trademark characteristics of a Husain composition. Additionally a golden orb, which is symbolic of the sun, creates a focal point for the artwork balancing the charging horses and uniting them in what could be a sun chariot that references both mythology and modernity. While the red and blue horses are cardinal to the composition, the grey and white horses are the perfect foil to balance out the other two stallions. FULL MOON HORSES: Mustangs are a mythic symbol of freedom, heroism, romance and limitless possibilities. Husain places his herd of wild horses galloping in a field of red under a full moon in a dark sky, to evoke not just a romantic notion of freedom and primal joy, but also imbuing it with and planetary undertones. Astrologically galloping horses under a full moon are connected to Venus that welcomes in the Year of the Horse. The Full Moon often symbolizes a high tide of events and feelings that compel those born under that star to follow their heart. Husain s horses certainly follow their hearts evoking ebullience and energy. HORSE 1 28 x 40 SERIGRAPH 1/150 FULL MOON HORSES 20 x 34 SERIGRAPH 1/

19 ARABIC HORSES: A signed print, this triptych glories in the equine spirit and vigor. A bearded and robed rider sits atop one of the horses, balancing an orb on his palm, he appears to be a heavenly messenger. The work is characterized by the Kufic Urdu script, which runs across the top register of the composition while the subdued palette of browns and whites give the work a royal feel. ARABIC HORSES 12.5 x 28 PRINT 1/

20 THEORAMA SET OF 10 PRINTS In his pursuit of the secular and the Modern, M F Husain created a series that he titled the Theorama. In this Husain pays tribute to the plurality of India, its various religions and customs, creating a lively panorama of, Hindu, Christian, Muslim, Jain, Buddhist, Chinese and the Zoroastrian faith. The Theorama series discusses theosophy and religion. Husain has gathered Hindu deities like Ganesha, Shiva and Krishna in one canvas and voiced the concept of unity of faith. He similarly creates a pantheon of other religious faiths highlight their salient features through iconography that is both mythic and modern. VEDIC JAINISM BUDDHISM SIKHISM ISLAM CHRISTIANITY TAOISM ZOROASTRIANISM JUDAISM FAITH UNTITLED THEORAMA VEDIC: Indolent cows juxtaposed against an energetic baby Krishna dancing on the Sheshnag, Trimurti floating on swirls of the serpent s coil and of course Gaja Laxmi on her resplendent elephant makes an appearance in this mega-mythic composition. They are brought together in a swirl of vibrant reds, oranges and yellows. Joyous, celebratory and zesty, Husain s tribute to the Vedas is complete. THEORAMA VEDIC 20 x 28 PRINT 1/200(250)(300) 36 37

21 THEORAMA BUDDHISM: Picturing an important moment in the life of the ascetic monk, Lord Gautama Buddha, Husain paints the Temptation of Mara. According to legend Mara is a demon that temped Buddha by trying to seduce him with the vision of beautiful women who, are often said to be Mara s daughters. Husain pictures Buddha, seated under the Peepal tree, a stoic and detached ascetic while the daughters of Mara are indicated by their flowing garments and their curved physiognomies. THEORAMA JAINISM: portrays Mahavira, standing tall, against a red backdrop, his brown body covered with leaves. A lotus grows at his feet while a celestial chariot, led by an angle and followed by a horse and wagon, pay tribute to this noble figure, their form recalling the toys that Husain once made for a living. THEORAMA JAINISM 28 x 20 PRINT 1/200(250)(300) THEORAMA BUDDHISM 20 x 28 PRINT 1/200(250)(300) 38 39

22 THEORAMA SIKHISM: The Guru Hargobind Singh astride his horse is a very iconic and popular image of the Sikh faith. It is said that the Guru gave instructions to the Masands and to all the other Sikhs that they should make offerings in the future of horses and weapons rather than just money. Husain pays tribute to the Guru his war-like visage and the horse in his trademark style, indicating the Holy Guru Granth Sahib, the repository of all its teachings. THEORAMA ISLAM: The mythological winged steed of Islam is referred to as Al-Buraq. Described as a creature from the heavens it is known to transport the prophets in a night flight. Husain invokes the steed in his tribute to Islam. The Kaaba at the centre, the lyrical dancing Kufic script and the Kuran are also powerful symbols of Islam. Husain lightens the atmosphere by including a vignette of Palm Springs and a few camels for gaiety. THEORAMA SIKHISM 28 x 20 PRINT 1/200(250)(300) THEORAMA ISLAM 28 x 20 PRINT 1/200(250)(300) 40 41

23 THEORAMA CHRISTIANITY: The ultimate symbol of Christ s sacrifice and God the Father s love for his people is the Crucifixion. Husain adds his own interpretation of a theme many artists have painted, by placing Mother Teresa and the sisters of Charity near the cross, while a sari clad Mary Magdalene leans on the cross. In a bold tableaux Husain captures the key doctrines of Christianity: sacrifice, forgiveness and compassion. THEORAMA TAOISM: Husain a traveler himself pays tribute to the famous Chinese traveler, Hieun Tsang, who visited India. Husain chose to depict the traveler in a schematic manner through an assemblage of triangles and circles, his long mustache and conical hat immediately placing him as Chinese. He is seen crossing over two black squares, possibly the continents of India and China. A Ming vase and Husain s quintessential horses grace the bottom register of the work. THEORAMA CHRISTIANITY 20 X 28 PRINT 1/200(250)(300) THEORAMA TAOISM 20 X 28 PRINT 1/200(250)(300) 42 43

24 THEORAMA ZOROASTRIANISM: The fire worshippers, Zoroastrians consider their fire temple the sanctum sanctorum, a place of worship only for those born into the faith. Husain shares their rituals and beliefs in this work indicating the two priests dressed in traditional grab, the sacred fire that is said to be burning since the time of Ahura Mazda and transported from Khvarazm and the fire temple itself that is schematically rendered. THEORAMA JUDAISM: Give a man a fish, and you feed him for a day; teach a man to fish, and you feed him for a lifetime, this famous parable is taught in both Judaism and Christianity. Husain pictures a muscular almost Grecian teacher, possibly Christ, sitting at the edge of the river, preaching to a vast following. THEORAMA ZOROASTRIANISM 20 X 28 PRINT 1/200(250)(300) THEORAMA JUDAISM 28 x 20 PRINT 1/200(250)(300) 44 45

25 THEORAMA FAITH UNTITLED (Also titled Yatra Naryastu): The meaning of Yatra Naryastu translates: Where women are worshiped and God Resides: This verse is taken from ancient Hindu scriptures. It propounds that the ultimate reality is one and the world of beings is its manifestations. Husain in a rare abstract work contemplates the Indian mythology where Shiva and Shakti are represented as two sides of the same divinity. The red and orange square is split in the middle by a strip of yellow, signifying the two energies of male and female. THEORAMA FAITH UNTITLED 20 X 28 PRINT 1/200(250)(300) 46 47

26 THEORAMA SET OF 10 SERIGRAPHS In his pursuit of the secular and the Modern, M F Husain created a series that he titled the Theorama. In this Husain pays tribute to the plurality of India, its various religions and customs, creating a lively panorama of, Hindu, Christian, Muslim, Jain, Buddhist, Chinese and the Zoroastrian faith. The Theorama series discusses theosophy and religion. Husain has gathered Hindu deities like Ganesha, Shiva and Krishna in one canvas and voiced the concept of unity of faith. He similarly creates a pantheon of other religious faiths highlight their salient features through iconography that is both mythic and modern. VEDIC JAINISM BUDDHISM SIKHISM ISLAM CHRISTIANITY TAOISM ZOROASTRIANISM JUDAISM FAITH UNTITLED THEORAMA VEDIC: Indolent cows juxtaposed against an energetic baby Krishna dancing on the Sheshnag, Trimurti floating on swirls of the serpent s coil and of course Gaja Laxmi on her resplendent elephant makes an appearance in this mega-mythic composition. They are brought together in a swirl of vibrant reds, oranges and yellows. Joyous, celebratory and zesty, Husain s tribute to the Vedas is complete. THEORAMA VEDIC 21 x 30 SERIGRAPH 1/

27 THEORAMA BUDDHISM: Picturing an important moment in the life of the ascetic monk, Lord Gautama Buddha, Husain paints the Temptation of Mara According to Legend Mara is a demon that temped Buddha by trying to seduce him with the vision of beautiful women who, are often said to be Mara s daughters. Husain pictures Buddha, seated under the Peepal tree, a stonic and detached ascetic while the daughters of Mara are indicated by their flowing garments and their curved physiognomies. THEORAMA JAINISM: Portrays Mahavira, standing tall, against a red backdrop, his brown body covered with leaves. A lotus grows at his feet while a celestial chariot, led by an angle and followed by a horse and wagon, pay tribute to this noble figure, their form recalling the toys that Husain once made for a living. THEORAMA JAINISM 30 X 21 SERIGRAPH 1/250 THEORAMA BUDDHISM 21 x 30 SERIGRAPH 1/

28 THEORAMA SIKHISM: The Guru Hargobind Singh astride his horse is a very iconic and popular image of the Sikh faith. It is said that the Guru gave instructions to the Masands and to all the other Sikhs that they should make offerings in the future of horses and weapons rather than just money. Husain pays tribute to the Guru his war-like visage and the horse in his trademark style, indicating the Holy Guru Granth Sahib, the repository of all its teachings. THEORAMA ISLAM: The mythological winged steed of Islam is referred to as Al-Buraq. Described as a creature from the heavens it is known to transport the prophets in a night flight. Husain invokes the steed in his tribute to Islam. The Kaaba at the centre, the lyrical dancing Kufic script and the Kuran are also powerful symbols of Islam. Husain lightens the atmosphere by including a vignette of Palm Springs and a few camels for gaiety. THEORAMA SIKHISM 30 x 21 SERIGRAPH 1/250 THEORAMA ISLAM 30 x 21 SERIGRAPH 1/

29 THEORAMA CHRISTIANITY: The ultimate symbol of Christ s sacrifice and God the Father s love for his people is the Crucifixion. Husain adds his own interpretation of a theme many artists have painted, by placing Mother Teresa and the sisters of Charity near the cross, while a sari clad Mary Magdalene leans on the cross. In a bold tableaux Husain captures the key doctrines of Christianity: sacrifice, forgiveness and compassion. THEORAMA TAOISM: Husain a traveler himself pays tribute to the famous Chinese traveler, Hieun Tsang, who visited India, choosing to depict the traveler in a schematic manner through an assemblage of triangles and circles, his long mustache and conical hat immediately placing him as Chinese. He is seen crossing over two black squares, possibly the continents of India and China. A Ming vase and Husain s quintessential horses grace the bottom register of the work. THEORAMA CHRISTIANITY 21 x 30 SERIGRAPH 1/250 THEORAMA TAOISM 21 x 30 SERIGRAPH 1/

30 THEORAMA ZOROASTRIANISM: The fire worshippers, Zoroastrians consider their fire temple the sanctum sanctorum, a place of worshiponly for those born into the faith. Husain shares their rituals and beliefs in this work indicating the two priests dressed in traditional grab, the sacred fire that is said to be burning since the time of Ahura Mazda and transported from Khvarazm and the fire temple itself that is schematically rendered. THEORAMA JUDAISM: Give a man a fish, and you feed him for a day; teach a man to fish, and you feed him for a lifetime, this famous parable is taught in both Judaism and Christianity. Husain pictures a muscular almost Grecian teacher, possibly Christ, sitting at the edge of the river, preaching to a vast following. THEORAMA JUDAISM 30 x 21 SERIGRAPH 1/250 THEORAMA ZOROASTRIANISM 21 x 30 SERIGRAPH 1/

31 THEORAMA YATRA NARYASTU: The meaning of Yatra Naryastu translates: Where women are worshiped and God Resides: This verse is taken from ancient Hindu scriptures. It propounds that the ultimate reality is one and the world of beings is its manifestations. Husain in a rare abstract work contemplates the Indian mythology where Shiva and Shakti are represented as two sides of the same divinity. The red and orange square is split in the middle by a strip of yellow, signifying the two energies of male and female. This Serigraph is special since Husain has used gold leaf, enhancing the value of the serigraph. THEORAMA YATRA NARYASTU 21 x 30 SERIGRAPH 1/

32 KRISHNA LEELA SERIES KRISHNA LEELA : In the secular spirit and in a bid to embrace the great Indian Hindu pantheon, Husain paints, Krishna Leela. The large serigraph captures the vibrancy of the original work, with vivid blues, reds, browns and greens. The protagonist baby Krishna is mischievously playful as he sits atop his favourite white cow, playing his flute. In a stop-motion animation, Husain paints him in three different poses, as he teases the Gopis on their way to fill water. One of them balances a tiny dancing Ganesha on her palm. These works are vibrant and full of life and movement. KRISHNA LEELA 22 x 30.5 SERIGRAPH 1/250 KRISHNA LEELA 28 X 40 SERIGRAPH 1/

33 MAHABHARATA SERIES KERALA SERIES KERALA III: Part of a series that captures the vibrant and verdant state of Kerala, Husain s 'Kerala-III was painted around In an interview with a leading daily, Husain once said if Kashmir is all about men and mountains then Kerala is all about women and nature. Husain pays tribute to both, as a slender woman is lifted by a green elephant that appears to merge with lush vegetation and the palm trees. At the centre of his epic depiction of his Mahabharata serigraph, Husain places the sage Vyasa and Lord Ganesh, with a quill in his hand taking down the words of the sage. Around these central figures are several characters, blindfolded Gandhari, the legendary archer Bhishma Pitamah lying on a bed of arrows, bloody figures of the Kaurava and the Pandava princes at war, Abhimanyu fixing the wheel of the chariot and of course a few charging horses. The narrative is quite straight forward and frontal, while the colours are vivid and compelling. It captures a monumental human drama with all the compulsions of their psyche and destiny. MAHABHARATA 23 x 36 SERIGRAPH 1/250 KERALA III 35 x 35 SERIGRAPH 1/

34 BRITISH RAJ SERIES The original painting of British Raj hangs in the lobby of the Lalit in Delhi and is one of Husain s masterpieces. This serigraph, which comes in three sizes, allows the work to travel. Elephant, camel and horse merge with dancer, warrior, king and queen in a twisted juggernaut of energy. Husain was tongue in cheek about the Raj but this work depicts the intermingling of cultures where white and brown come together on one canvas. BRITISH RAJ 39 x 21 SERIGRAPH 1/300 BRITISH RAJ 39 x 21 SERIGRAPH 1/250 BRITISH RAJ 58 x 28.5 SERIGRAPH 1/

35 MUSICIAN SERIES RAJASTHAN SERIES Musician belongs to the early phase where Husain was experimenting with abstraction. The original painting is dominated by variegated shades of red, orange, blue yellow and green. After studying the work, the form of the musician appears out of these swatches of colour, playing the sitar with a deep and contemplative visage. In a tribute to Rajasthan, Husain created a lively horizontal composition replete with the bright colours, music and dance of the state. Joy and festivity permeate this work as musicians and a dancer are surrounded by elephants, tigers and a peacock. Two guards on trotting horses guard the elegant domed entrance to the palace. Husain captured a bygone era, without becoming nostalgic. The Musician 31 x 36 PRINT 1/300 RAJASTHAN 27.5 x 19 SERIGRAPH 1/300 RAJASTHAN 33 x 23 SERIGRAPH 1/

36 MOTHER TERESA SERIES MOTHER AND DOVE MOTHER TERESA SILVER MOTHER MOTHER AND CHILD One of Husain s best known works is from his Mother Teresa series. The Albanian -born sister of charity, had a lasting impression on Husain when he first met her in the 1980s. The artist recalled his first encounter with the Mother. I sat there aghast looking at her and her frail body bent at the back. She was dressed in a coarse white cotton sari, worn in the Bengali style. Her face, her wrinkled skin was illuminated by an inner light 1 Husain transformed this encounter into an iconography that he would repeat with several variations. His interpretation was a faceless woman, clad in a white sari with the iconic blue border. His muscular brushstrokes captured her bending over brown children, holding them in her lap, in a gesture that was caring and compassionate. In this series of serigraphs and prints, the vigor and energy of the original works are held intact. image: Mother Teresa and sick child, undated photo, CNS 68 69

37 MOTHER AND DOVE displays Husain s penchant for creating dynamic compositions. The two sisters of charity are placed at the center of the composition; they are balanced by the two figures of a girl child and an infant running towards one of the sisters, while a celestial dove flutters above the lap of the other, symbolic of the Holy Spirit and of peace. This is one of Husain s colourful serigraphs that capture the more joyous aspects of motherhood. MOTHER TERESA is a linear composition where three sisters of charity face the viewer. A child holds one of the sisters for succor while an infant gambols on the shoulders of the other. The works are adeptly executed and bare a trademark of his involvement with the life of the proletariat. MOTHER AND DOVE 20 x 28.5 PRINT 1/300 MOTHER TERESA 27.5 x 40 SERIGRAPH 1/

38 SILVER MOTHER is a serigraph of Husain s iconic blue painting of Mother Teresa. In the background of this composition, is a young woman-child balancing a pot on her head. In the fore-ground is the Mother, her compassionate presence indicated only by the folds of her white sari. Her body is dynamic and angled to echo the playful gestures of the infant in her lap. MOTHER AND CHILD displays Husain s colourful palette alongside his painterly strokes. The work is subtly emblematic of the Indian Flag where the green and orange flank the Mother on either side. The white of the Mother s sari and the blue stripes become the chakra at the centre. Husain had a strong commitment to the concept of the nation, which was both composite and modern. This work captures that intention. SILVER MOTHER 27.5 x 20 SILVEPRINT 1/200 MOTHER AND CHILD 27.5 x 19.5 PRINT 1/

39 OUR PLANET CALLED EARTH SERIES Maqbool Fida Husain created the original paintings of this series in 2004, commissioned by businessman Guru Swarup. The artist announced that he would paint 100 paintings for Rs 100 crore; in other words each painting would cost Rs 1 crore. The deal was publicized with much funfare and later was the cause of much talk about the buyer s monetary assets not quite living up to the deal. A short stint in jail for fraud put paid to all Guru Swarup s plan of being a patron of the arts. However Husain continued with the series irrespective, finding other ways to finance it. He was running 90 when he created this body of work, and his intention was to leave behind an epic legacy that touched all aspects of human life and world history while addressing the various textures of his identity. Husain often emphasized that Indian art was undervalued. To paraphrase what Husain went on to say at the time: Whether a man is an artist or a priest he cannot not live on fresh-air, monetary value for art is important. However it is not the primary concern behind art. The very fact that Husain created a portfolio of serigraphs of the very same series underlines his desire to share his work and not remain exclusive, precious or elite TO : CENTURY OF CHANGE THE BEAUTY OF ARAB WORLD THE PHENOMENON OF M K GANDHI THE SPACE REVOLUTION NEW YORK TRANSFORMATION OF THE ARAB WORLD, TURKEY AND CHINA WEALTH OF THE SEA JOY OF NATURE HIS MASTER S VOICE CAFÉ PARIS WORLD WAR II SHEIKH MOHAMMED BIN RASHID AL MAKTOUM FLOOD OF PRINTED WORDS THE 1917 REVOLUTION IN RUSSIA:THEN THE BREAK-UP OF USSR CONSEQUENCE BALANCE 75

40 TO : CENTURY OF CHANGE This ambitious and large serigraph is in seven parts dramaticly palys out the social and political changes in a century full of change. 99.9% of the worlds knowledges was required in this time frame. Colonies disappeared new colonization and Banana republics appeared. Traditional orders in society changed. Technology rule the world entwined in a new societies fabric. People could sit together, A painter and a traibal, the mighty Sheikh and the soldier, women both Indian and European, the hunter and the hunted. All unaware they were sitting on a plank held up by angels on one side and devils on the other. Which way would it tilt? towards unity and peace? or a society drunk with the taste of power? served by tailed waiters. The artists celebrates life and death, success and failures, leaving the result in the hands of time yet to come. CENTURY OF CHANGE 40 x 22 each SERIGRAPH (set of 7) 1/125 76

41 78 79

42 Husain s serigraph THE BEAUTY OF ARAB WORLD is a tribute to the Arab world is marked by the distinctive use of pure, bright colours. The angular strokes and sense of movement is also a trademark of Husain s style. The camel for instance appears in motion, its body foreshortened to the point where only its front legs are visible, along with its long neck and emblematic head. Painted bright blue the camel stands out against the bright yellow of the desert sand. Balanced atop the camel is a veiled woman dancing, a date-palm tree and a flurry of Persian rugs completes the picture. It could be read as comment on Husain s elusive but inescapable Muslim identity. THE PHENOMENON OF M K GANDHI: Husain painted the icon of Mahatma Gandhi many times. He was an avid supporter of the Gandhi family and the Congress, especially during the Emergency. He looked upon Gandhi in the same light that he did Mother Teresa. In fact Husain once gifted Bill Clinton a Gandhi painting. In this serigraph, Husain has hidden the head of Gandhi behind that of a white dove, symbolizing peace. The angular body, iconic walking stick, watch and loincloth are all representative of the Mahatma, pointing towards his essence and simplicity. Husain also indicates a following behind Gandhi and a tiny figure of a farmer, his pickaxe with his hand flanking Gandhi on the right. With these inclusions Husain indicates Gandhi s support for the working class and the Harijans in India. THE BEAUTY OF ARAB WORLD 40 x 26 SERIGRAPH 1/ 125 THE PHENOMENON OF M K GANDHI 40 x 26 SERIGRAPH 1 /

43 THE SPACE REVOLUTION: In this work one cannot overlook Husain s humorous intention in painting a Chaplinesque figure in the foreground. Presumably Husain painted this inspired by Chaplin s film The Kid since the little Tramp, with his cane, bowler hat, oversized pants and shoes, is accompanied by a small boy, presumably the notorious window breaker in the film.they both look on slightly surprised at a giant rocket taking off into space. The skies are vividly coloured in hues of red, yellow and hints of blue. The work symbolizes not just progress but the contemplation of the proletariat. The painting NEW YORK captures a man in a trench court and hat, leaning against a lamp-post with a news paper, while a curious dog investigates the stranger. Husain in this painting taps into popular noir cinema that was filmed mostly around New York. A schematic representation of the Brooklyn Bridge further places his character who surveys the scene under the brim of his turned down hat. NEW YORK 40 x 26 SERIGRAPH 1 / 125 THE SPACE REVOLUTION 40 x 30 SERIGRAPH 1/

44 TRANSFORMATION OF THE ARAB WORLD, TURKEY AND CHINA: Husain s intention here is to capture a slice of history. He talks of modernization through the prism of gender. The women in the backdrop are the real indicators of change, for they are not clad in the veil but wear modern short dresses and hold purses indicating they charge of their lives with access to the outside world. The male protagonists in the foreground however appear decked out in military regalia or traditional garb. They could be seen as the perpetrators of tradition. The serigraph is layered in its meaning, while vivid colours of red, green and gold dominate the palette. WEALTH OF THE SEA : In a tribute to the brisk trade and commercial wealth of the Middle East, Husain creates Wealth of the Sea. An Arab awaits the arrival of a trade ship, floating on the azure sea. He stands on bright yellow sand, under a palm tree with his two camels, one of which has a bright blue carpet draped over its hump, with an image of Mecca embroidered onto it. Husain takes the key symbols of the Arab world and places them together in his brilliantly coloured tableaux. TRANSFORMATION OF THE ARAB WORLD, TURKEY AND CHINA 40 x 30 SERIGRAPH 1 / 125 WEALTH OF THE SEA 40 x 30 SERIGRAPH 1 /

45 JOY OF NATURE: Creating an idyllic Eden, Husain paints a composition abounding with life and fecundity. Two white horses canter out of a dense forest to take a drink of water at a blue oasis, replete with herons and jumping fish. The work is peaceful and joyous, celebrating the simple balance of life in nature and the harmonious existence of all beings. The serigraph captures the bright colours and sure lines in vivid detail. In this tribute to the music business giant HIS MASTER S VOICE, (HMV), Husain has painted the famous logo of the old gramophone record player and a fox terrier. It is said that the terrier belonged to the English artist Francis Barraud who first created the trademark image. In his version Husian introduces a new element into the logo: instead of facing into the horn of the gramophone the dog looks away at the figure of a happy dancing girl, rendered in bright blue, her skirts swirling her pigtails in motion and her body angled in dancelike movement. By adding this extra element, Husain creates an Indianism that localizes his tribute making it part of his own history. JOY OF NATURE 40 X 30 SERIGRAPH 1 / 125 HIS MASTERS VOICE 40 x 31 SERIGRAPH 1 /

46 CAFÉ PARIS: This serigraph is one of the more famous of this series, for when Husain launched his Our Planet called Earth portfolio it received a lot of media attention. This is perhaps because the work, that recalls World War II, is politically loaded. The serigraph, dominated by military colours of green and ocher, captures two soldiers raising a toast to a war plane flying overhead. It may be read as a celebratory work that cheers on the French, who joined the Second World War as the Third Republic. Their head quarters were established in Paris then Bordeaux. CAFÉ PARIS 40 x 26 SERIGRAPH 1 / 125 In continuation with the WORLD WAR II Theme, Husain created a more explicit narrative of the War, which affected both India and Britain, since India was still colonized by the British. In 1939 the Viceroy, Lord Linlithgow, announced that India had declared war, even though the Indian assembly had not been consulted. Husain captures this effectively for he uses the metaphor of chess to do so. Britain and Uncle Sam, with his monocle and pipe, is seen playing chess with Stalin. The chess pieces are the hapless Indian s who seem to be falling off the chess board, caught in the crossfire. This very evocative serigraph has been rendered in red, white and various shades of black and gray. WORLD WAR II 40 x 36 SERIGRAPH 1/

47 SHEIKH MOHAMMED BIN RASHID AL MAKTOUM: Husain, in this rather flattering portrait of a descendent of the ruling family of Dubai, pays homage to Sheik Mohammed, who is captured heroically mounted on a gallant whit steed. This is perhaps one of Husain s most realistic depictions of a subject and he has taken no liberties to make it allegorical or iconic. The Sheikh is an important figure in international circles of Thoroughbred Horse Racing and breeding and is the owner of the Darley Stud. It is perhaps fitting that he be pictured on a fine white steed cantering over the sand dunes. FLOOD OF PRINTED WORDS: In a covert tribute to Vincent Van Gogh, Husain paints the artist s chair and boots, a painting that was much celebrated by the art-going public, long after Van Gogh s death. However Husain claims the meisenscene as his by inserting his own props. A gun and helmet, typical of the Indian soldier and a stack of books bearing words like Jung (War) and Das Kaptial, (Authored by Hitler) help place the work along with other paintings of the World-War II. The colours are once again of a military nature, greens and grays with a vibrant blue and red for the chair. SHEIKH MOHAMMED 40 x 30 SERIGRAPH 1 / 125 FLOOD OF PRINTED WORDS 40 x 31 SERIGRAPH 1 /

48 THE 1917 REVOLUTION IN RUSSIA:THEN THE BREAK-UP OF USSR In this work, Husain telescopes two important historical events into one painting. The rise of the Bolsheviks in 1917, and the partition of the United Soviet Socialist Republic of Russia in 1991; for this he has created a diptych. The first half captures the fall of the Czar (indicated by a crowned lion battling a canon manned by Bolshevik soldiers), as Mother Russia (depicted as a female nude) upholds a red flag. In the second half a loan soldier carrying the very same flag, stumbles between lines of red and blue that speak of the dissolution of the Soviet Union. The work is full of drama and is effectively evocative of the time. 40 x x 17 SERIGRAPH (DIPTYCH) 1 /

49 CONSEQUENCE: This rather abstract work captures the harsher side of the war, starving children and the homeless elderly. In the composition, a bright yellow, thin limbed child is eclipsed by a black sun, while a prone figure to the left is made more tragic by the empty begging bowl. The use of shadows and dark lines accentuates the bleakness of the situation. BALANCE: A humorous work it speaks about the balance between peace and vice, Eros and Mars in the human psyche. The palette is subdued and consists of pale ocher, white and tertiary browns. Husain has painted a rather comic looking man, doing an acrobatic split. He seems urbane for he is dressed in a tie, shirt and trousers but his expression is rather bewildered as he looks at a white dove perched on his finger. His upraised leg balances a bottle, presumably of alcohol. The work is a fine allegory of the various forces that pull mankind in opposing directions. BALANCE 40 x 17 SERIGRAPH 1 / 125 CONSEQUENCE 40 x 26 SERIGRAPH 1 /

50 GANESHA MECCA & CAMEL MADHURI DANCING DURGA DANCING WOMEN WOMEN & HORSE CAFE DEUX GANESHA: In this print Husain pictures Ganesha as a celestial musician, playfully balancing an orb that could be the sun or the moon, on the palm of his hand. Ganesha sits with his legs casually crossed in a white Dhoti before a vibrant sky that displays shades of red, yellow and blue, the three primary colours. Ganesha here represents the egobound Jiva and the overcoming of it to embrace a universal ego. According to Hindu mythology Ganesha is given dominion over the Ganas, which is a general term denoting all classes of beings, ranging from insects, animals and humans to the subtle and celestial beings. In this instance Husain captures the celestial in form of an orb and Ganesha good-naturedly presides over it. GANESHA 27.5 x 19 PRINT 1/

51 MECCA & CAMEL DANCING MADHURI Husain s Dancing Madhuri or tribute to the nach girl, recalls the artist s strong connections to film as a billboard artist in his early days and later his fascination for the actress Madhuri Dixit. While Husain reiterated that cinema is the only reality, his work always has a timeless quality to it. This nach belongs to a bygone era or could be a filmic representation of his favorite actress. Emulating poster art, Husain s Mecca and Camel, creates a montage of symbolic of the Islamic faith. The Kaba takes centre stage while the desert, palm trees and the camels locate it firmly in Mecca. Bright colours and the Kufic script characterize this work. MECCA & CAMEL 18 x 26 PRINT 1/250 DANCING MADHURI 25.5 x SERIGRAPH 1/

52 DURGA DANCING WOMEN Husain captures Durga sitting atop her vahana a two-headed roaring tiger. The work dominated by ochre, browns and blues, is a simple and lyrical composition. Husain refrained from painting Durga with multiple arms ornaments and weapons, but keeps her accessories minimal, celebrating her slender form and her elegant posture. She holds a Trishul in her hand and performs the Abhaya Mudra of protection. Husain s Untitled painting of dancing women is a tribute to the female form and its lyricism. The work combines the earthy brown palette with vibrant blues. At the centre of the composition, is a female drummer, a rarity since most drummers are male; on her right and left are a dancer and a tanpura player. Each figure emulates the Tribhanga pose capturing the dynamism of the dancer and musician. DURGA 28 x 23 PRINT 1/300 DANCING WOMEN 24 x 24 PRINT 1/

53 WOMEN & HORSE CAFÉ DEUX This serigraph unties the two cardinal energies that often drove Husain to paint: That of the female muse and of the virile male, which is indicated by the horse. We see the woman, dancerlike in a dramatic pose throwing herself into the flanks of the charging white stallion. Her gesture is one of surrender tinged with love and trust. Her oval face, dotted only by a bindi and no particular features indicate that she is a generic woman, though her energy, balanced by that of the horse is almost goddess-like. The serigraph is characterized by a simple but vibrant palette dominated by red and blue and lifted by yellow and white. The work is characterized by the unity of the male and female energy. Chester and David Herwitz were one of Husain s most important patrons and their collection reflects how prominent artists of post-independence India conveys inspiring moods and emotions (rasa) characteristic of Indian aesthetics. The original Untitled (Café Deux) belonged to the Herwitz collection. It is one of Husain s important works, for not only is it a compelling portrait of the artist, it also delineates his ongoing fascination with China. WOMAN & HORSE 27 x 19 PRINT 1/300 CAFÉ DEUX 27 x 19 PRINT 1/

54 MAQBOOL FIDA HUSAIN LIFE & TIMES

55 MAQBOOL FIDA HUSAIN: LIFE & TIMES Born : September 17, 1915 at Pandharpur, Bombay Died : June 9, 2011 Career : Painter, Writer, Actor, Film maker Blessed with one of the best gifts of God - Art, Husain knew exactly how to make paintings speak for themselves. Over his tenure as a painter, he is claimed to have painted about 60,000 paintings in topics as diverse as Mohandas K. Gandhi, Mother Teresa, the Ramayana, the Mahabharata, the British Raj, and motifs of Indian urban and rural life. Maqbool Fida Husain, popularly known as MF Husain, was, indeed, one of the prominent figures that India ever gave birth to. Known for his vigorous appreciation of God s creations, particularly humans, he went on to create some masterpieces, to be remembered for lifetime. Such was his scrutiny that he could portray circumstances and situations even with a pencil sketch. He is considered to be one such individual who blended ethnic and mythological themes to come up with luminous and incredible art forms. Early Life Born in 1915, MF Husain came from a traditional Muslim background. He was born in Pandharpur, Bombay Presidency in British India. His mother, Zunaib died when he was one and a half years old. Thereafter, his father, Fida remarried a girl named Shireen and shifted to Indore. Husain was extremely close to his grandfather, from whom he drew his major inspiration. Unfortunately, his grandfather could not accompany him for long as he passed away when Husain was just 6. Husain s formal education began at Sidhpur in Gujarat where he underwent 2 years of rigorous training in Indian religions. From here, he was transferred to an Islamic boarding school, Darul Talaba in Baroda. However, owing to his miserable performance, his father apprenticed him to a tailor and later to a draughtsman, hoping that he would pick up a profession. Interestingly, his father was very supportive towards his love for art. Seeing his possession and passion for art, he even gifted him an Agfa box camera. When Husain was just 16, his father rented a room in the neighboring house where Husain could paint in complete privacy. He gained interest in English literature, courtesy his neighbor, Yavar, from where he started reading Shakespeare, John Ruskin, and books on British painters. Early Career Life In 1935, Husain moved to Mumbai for the first time at the age of 20 and took admission in J.J. School of Arts. He earned his living by painting cinema hoardings and whenever he managed to save some money, he used to travel to Baroda, Surat, and Ahmedabad to paint landscapes. Since painting hoardings did not give him much of an earning, he tried his luck in other jobs. Amongst them, working at the toy factory proved to be the best paying job, where he was engaged in designing and building fretwork toys. After struggling and experiencing hardships for years in Mumbai, Husain finally received recognition in the late 1940s. Though in 1944, he received an offer from Fantasy for designing children s furniture and later in 1947 from Kamdars, a famous design company, his initial love remained painting. Career as a Painter In 1947, Husain s painting Sunhera Sansaar was exhibited at Bombay Art Society for the first time. The same year saw India s independence, after which, he decided to stay back in India. Soon after, Progressive Artists Group (PAG) was formed by the artist Francis Newton Souza. Husain was amongst the early members and became the secretary of the group in This was just the first step towards the historic success that Husain went on to make later on. His first solo exhibition was held in Zurich in 1952, followed by a series of successful exhibitions across Europe and US. In 1971, he was sent a special invitation along with the legendary Pablo Picasso at the Sao Paulo Biennial. He was nominated at the Rajya Sabha for a term in Career as a Filmmaker & Actor Besides earning the title of the most eminent and highest paid Indian painter, Husain also tried his hand at film direction. His first film Through the Eyes of a Painter produced in 1967 was victorious in bagging the Golden Bear at the Berlin Film Festival. Husain was so obsessed with the stunning Bollywood actress Madhuri Dixit that he considered her as his muse. He even went ahead to make a film with her, titled Gaja Gamini in Besides, Dixit remained the subject of his numerous paintings, which he titled Fida. Apart from Dixit, Husain also made a film titled Meenaxi: A Tale of Three Cities with Tabu, another Bollywood artiste, in Amrita Rao and Anushka Sharma are couple of other Bollywood actress who had cast a charm on Husain. Controversies Husain was not just renowned for his exemplary paintings and portrayal of human figures, but he was also the center of controversies. His nude portraits of Hindu gods and goddesses or in an allegedly sexual manner captured a lot of eyeballs but all for the wrong reasons. Although the paintings were created in 1970, they did not become an issue till 1996, until they were published in a Hindi monthly magazine, Vichar Mimansa. The very instant response resulted in eight criminal complaints against Husain on the pretext of promoting enmity between Hindu goddesses, Durga and Saraswati, which was dismissed by Delhi High Court. Later in 1998, Hindu groups, like Bajrang Dal attacked his house and destroyed his paintings

Fry Instant Word List

Fry Instant Word List First 100 Instant Words the had out than of by many first and words then water a but them been to not these called in what so who is all some oil you were her sit that we would now it when make find he

More information

Fry Instant Words High Frequency Words

Fry Instant Words High Frequency Words Fry Instant Words High Frequency Words The Fry list of 600 words are the most frequently used words for reading and writing. The words are listed in rank order. First Hundred Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group

More information

Superstars Building Fry List Fluency

Superstars Building Fry List Fluency Sight Word Superstars Building Fry List Fluency By Jennifer Bates http://finallyinfirst.blogspot.com/ How I use this program I developed this program because I noticed many of my students were still trying

More information

Sing a New Song. Leader Guide

Sing a New Song. Leader Guide Sing a New Song Leader Guide Unit 2 lesson 5 Scripture Exodus 15: 20-21 Exodus 2:1-8 Lesson Overview: Spiritual Dimension Miriam is one of the early women in the Bible who shows us that women as well as

More information

Fry Phrases Set 1. TeacherHelpForParents.com help for all areas of your child s education

Fry Phrases Set 1. TeacherHelpForParents.com help for all areas of your child s education Set 1 The people Write it down By the water Who will make it? You and I What will they do? He called me. We had their dog. What did they say? When would you go? No way A number of people One or two How

More information

Jainism Jainism also began in India; religion teaches ahimsa nonviolence - Jains believe all living things have souls and should not be hurt

Jainism Jainism also began in India; religion teaches ahimsa nonviolence - Jains believe all living things have souls and should not be hurt Lesson 3 Buddhism and India s Golden Age MAIN IDEAS Belief System A teacher called the Buddha developed a new religion that focused on helping people to escape suffering. Government The Maurya rulers united

More information

What are the levels of biblical learning? How do I read this document for my child? Why are there no specific ages listed?

What are the levels of biblical learning? How do I read this document for my child? Why are there no specific ages listed? LEVELS of BIBLICAL LEARNING What are the levels of biblical learning? Levels of Biblical Learning covers 10 biblical concept areas that children can learn as they study God s Word. The concept areas are

More information

Lesson 35. The Tabernacle. Exodus 25 26. God lives among his people

Lesson 35. The Tabernacle. Exodus 25 26. God lives among his people Gospel Story Curriculum (OT) PRESCHOOL Lesson 35 The Tabernacle Exodus 25 26 Bible Truth God lives among his people l e s s o n snapshot 1. Opening Activity and Introduction.... 5 min Supplies: Nine sheets

More information

PUSD High Frequency Word List

PUSD High Frequency Word List PUSD High Frequency Word List For Reading and Spelling Grades K-5 High Frequency or instant words are important because: 1. You can t read a sentence or a paragraph without knowing at least the most common.

More information

Year 2 Unit 5: HINDUISM Week 1 Title: Introduction

Year 2 Unit 5: HINDUISM Week 1 Title: Introduction Year 2 Unit 5: HINDUISM Week 1 Title: Introduction Learning Intentions: AT1: To know that Hinduism comes from India and is strongly influenced by this cultural link. AT2: To make comments and ask questions

More information

Miriam: Painting & Story Sermon on Exodus 15

Miriam: Painting & Story Sermon on Exodus 15 Miriam: Painting & Story Sermon on Exodus 15 Sisters and brothers, maybe you remember the huge beautiful picture standing here up front at the allage worship three weeks ago? It is now back in the prayer

More information

Jesus and Nicodemus Lesson Aim: To know God loves the world.

Jesus and Nicodemus Lesson Aim: To know God loves the world. Teacher s Guide: Ages 4-5 Kings & Kingdoms Part 1: The Life of Jesus Unit 2, Lesson 8 Jesus and Nicodemus Lesson Aim: To know God loves the world. THE WORSHIP Who God is: The King Who Serves THE WORD Bible

More information

Lesson 35. The Tabernacle. Exodus 25 27. God lives among his people

Lesson 35. The Tabernacle. Exodus 25 27. God lives among his people Gospel Story Curriculum (OT) lower Lower elementary Lesson 35 The Tabernacle Exodus 25 27 Bible Truth God lives among his people l e s s o n snapshot 1. Opening review.... 5 min Use last week s lesson

More information

THE PARABLE OF THE TALENTS

THE PARABLE OF THE TALENTS THE PARABLE OF THE TALENTS The kingdom of heaven is like a man traveling to a far country, who called his own servants and delivered his goods to them. And to one he gave five talents, to another two,

More information

Hinduism. kings and heroes like the Mahabharata and. that became the first scriptures of. Hinduism was born from the beliefs of the Indus Valley

Hinduism. kings and heroes like the Mahabharata and. that became the first scriptures of. Hinduism was born from the beliefs of the Indus Valley Hinduism The first known civilization in India developed in the Valley region. This civilization left behind two major collections of literature. Epic told exciting stories of wars, kings and heroes like

More information

Fry Instant Phrases. Give them to me. Then we will go.

Fry Instant Phrases. Give them to me. Then we will go. Fry Instant Phrases The words in these phrases come from Dr. Edward Fry s Instant Word List (High Frequency Words). According to Fry, the first 300 words in the list represent about 67% of all the words

More information

Objective: God is all Powerful! Bible Memory Verse: Matthew 19:26b With man this is impossible, but with God all things are THEME OVERVIEW

Objective: God is all Powerful! Bible Memory Verse: Matthew 19:26b With man this is impossible, but with God all things are THEME OVERVIEW Jesus the Magnificent Scripture: Luke 8:40-56 and Luke 18:35-43 Objective: God is all Powerful! Bible Memory Verse: Matthew 19:26b With man this is impossible, but with God all things are possible. THEME

More information

WELCOME TO GOD S FAMILY

WELCOME TO GOD S FAMILY WELCOME TO GOD S FAMILY To all who received him, to those who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God children born not of natural descent, nor of human decision or a husband

More information

WORSHIP HITS FOR KIDS VOLUME 1

WORSHIP HITS FOR KIDS VOLUME 1 WORSHIP HITS FOR KIDS VOLUME 1 LORD I LIFT YOUR NAME ON HIGH LORD I LIFT YOUR NAME ON HIGH; LORD I LOVE TO SING YOUR PRAISES. I M SO GLAD YOU RE IN MY LIFE; I M SO GLAD YOU CAME TO SAVE US. YOU CAME FROM

More information

Ancient China. Vocabulary. 15. Terracotta Army collection of seven thousand life-sized sculptures made from pottery in the tomb of Shi Huangdi

Ancient China. Vocabulary. 15. Terracotta Army collection of seven thousand life-sized sculptures made from pottery in the tomb of Shi Huangdi Ancient China 1. Analects the collected sayings and teachings of Confucius 2. Bronze Age (3300 1200 B.C.) time when people made weapons and tools from bronze 3. calligraphy artistic form of ancient Chinese

More information

The Ark of the Covenant. 10 Minute Bible History

The Ark of the Covenant. 10 Minute Bible History The Ark of the Covenant 10 Minute Bible History The Presence of God The Ark of the Covenant is one of the greatest mysteries the world has ever known. But what was it? Did it wield unstoppable power to

More information

Windows on Faith. Units. The 2011-16 Greenwich Agreed Syllabus for Religious Education 5.1

Windows on Faith. Units. The 2011-16 Greenwich Agreed Syllabus for Religious Education 5.1 Windows on Faith Units The 2011-16 Greenwich Agreed Syllabus for Religious Education 5.1 Windows on Faith Statutory Content Key Stage 1 Celebrations What this unit contains Where the unit fits and how

More information

Compassion: The Heartbeat of God

Compassion: The Heartbeat of God Life Reference: Jude 22-23 Focus Verse: And of some have compassion, making a difference (Jude 22). From the time we were little, bedtime stories filled our heads with handsome princes who searched until

More information

Baptism Welcome to God s Family

Baptism Welcome to God s Family Level: 2 Grade: 1 Baptism Welcome to God s Family In Part 1 of this unit students learn about Jesus Christ as one who welcomes, loves and includes them. They are people who enjoy a relationship with Jesus

More information

Worshiping God Together A Guide for Children and Their Parents

Worshiping God Together A Guide for Children and Their Parents Worshiping God Together A Guide for Children and Their Parents Office of Theology and Worship Presbyterian Church (U.S.A.) Gathering This is the day that the LORD has made; let us rejoice and be glad in

More information

Paint it Black? A Look at David Fincher's Color Palette. by Juan Hernandez

Paint it Black? A Look at David Fincher's Color Palette. by Juan Hernandez Paint it Black? A Look at David Fincher's Color Palette by Juan Hernandez A Look at David Fincher's Color Palette by Juan Hernandez 2 David Fincher has been labelled all variations of a 'prince of darkness'.

More information

Prayers for June 9 15. To the Global Company of Intercessors

Prayers for June 9 15. To the Global Company of Intercessors Prayers for June 9 15 To the Global Company of Intercessors Prayer is a theme throughout the scriptures; people talking with God the Creator of us all. Foreigners will join the LORD TO worship him and

More information

A reflection area for your school

A reflection area for your school A reflection area for your school Samantha Fletcher shows how an infant school in Oldham transformed a corner of a room into a reflective are and transformed the quality of children s reflection as well.

More information

DBQ: Judaism, Islam and Christianity

DBQ: Judaism, Islam and Christianity DBQ: Judaism, Islam and Christianity Mr. Jones, Schroon Lake Central School Historical Context Islam and Christianity share a common root in Judaism. Though often on opposing sides in world history and

More information

Exodus / PICTURETHIS! MINISTRIES INC. / COPYRIGHT 2014 / (888) 499-9305 / PICTURESMARTBIBLE.COM

Exodus / PICTURETHIS! MINISTRIES INC. / COPYRIGHT 2014 / (888) 499-9305 / PICTURESMARTBIBLE.COM Exodus / PICTURETHIS! MINISTRIES INC. / COPYRIGHT 2014 / (888) 499-9305 / PICTURESMARTBIBLE.COM EXODUS Going Out Lesson Supplies: Wrapping paper samples, small twig with branches, cotton, small stone,

More information

Unit 4 Lesson 8 The Qin and Han Dynasties

Unit 4 Lesson 8 The Qin and Han Dynasties Unit 4 Lesson 8 The Qin and Han Dynasties Directions Read the False statements below. Replace each underlined word with one from the word bank that makes each sentence True. Word Bank Ying Zheng army copper

More information

Acts 8:4 Therefore they that were scattered abroad went everywhere preaching the word.

Acts 8:4 Therefore they that were scattered abroad went everywhere preaching the word. Daily Verses September 2011 September 1 A good fight 1 Timothy 6:12 Fight the good fight of faith A good fight has no greater weapon than the love of Christ. It is fought in the power of His might and

More information

The Role of the Church in Today s Society

The Role of the Church in Today s Society CHURCH What is the Role of the Church in Today s Society? 1 The Role of the Church in Today s Society Ephesians 3:10 INTRODUCTION: A. Familiar sayings in threes... 1. Ready... Set... Go 2. Hop... Skip...

More information

Researching the Great Masters and Their Works

Researching the Great Masters and Their Works Researching the Great Masters and Their Works A culminating project cooperatively planned by Shari Martin and Shannon Libke 2 0 0 2 E122.7 Teaching Materials from the Stewart Resources Centre Table of

More information

I ve Written A Song! Now What?

I ve Written A Song! Now What? I ve Written A Song! Now What? by Lynn DeShazo As a songwriter, I can tell you that there is nothing quite like those moments when the Spirit of God drops a new song into your heart. Some days you sit

More information

Tihar: Festival of Lights

Tihar: Festival of Lights 5Chapter Tihar: Festival of Lights Pre-Reading Discuss the answers to these questions with your classmates. 1. Why do you think the animal in the picture has garlands around its neck and horns? 2. For

More information

The Parting of the Red Sea

The Parting of the Red Sea The Parting of the Red Sea Exodus 14 Items Needed! Bible with marked scripture! Crayons/Markers/Pencils! Large throw or blanket! Copies of coloring sheet! Copies of take home overview The Parting of the

More information

GKidz Timothy Club Worship & Offering Lesson 1 Let Everything Praise God!

GKidz Timothy Club Worship & Offering Lesson 1 Let Everything Praise God! Date: 4 & 5 July 2015 GKidz Timothy Club Worship & Offering Lesson 1 Let Everything Praise God! Key Verse: Let everything that has breath praise the Lord. Praise the Lord. Psalm 150:6 (NIrV) Bible Text:

More information

Keywords for the study of Junior Cert art

Keywords for the study of Junior Cert art able abstract acrylic activity aesthetic/aesthetics analyze ancient animation applied arch arches architect architectural architecture art art process artist artistic artists arts artwork artworks assemble

More information

Essential Oils and Prayer

Essential Oils and Prayer Essential Oils and Prayer The Thief Comes to Steal, Kill and Destroy I Come to Give YOU Abundant Life John 10:10 By Dr. Mary Starr Carter Brief History of Essential Oils in Bible Times When the children

More information

12 PAINTING BLACKLIGHT PRESENTATION: GOD S LOVE

12 PAINTING BLACKLIGHT PRESENTATION: GOD S LOVE 12 PAINTING BLACKLIGHT PRESENTATION: GOD S LOVE Note: This type of presentation is useful when you are asked to speak to a large audience like a camp or a vacation Bible school. You are able to increase

More information

Rite of Baptism for Children

Rite of Baptism for Children Rite of Baptism for Children Reception of the Child (The Proclaimer will read the introduction to the Liturgy, concluding with a welcome to the family of the person who is being baptized and an invitation

More information

A Good Shepherd Sacred Story God's Ark is Taken

A Good Shepherd Sacred Story God's Ark is Taken A Good Shepherd Sacred Story God's Ark is Taken Adapted by: Brenda J. Stobbe lllustrations by: Jennifer Schoeneberg

More information

LESSON TITLE: Anointing Jesus Feet. THEME: Jesus is worthy of all honor. life. SCRIPTURE: Luke 7:36-50 CHILDREN S DEVOTIONS FOR THE WEEK OF:

LESSON TITLE: Anointing Jesus Feet. THEME: Jesus is worthy of all honor. life. SCRIPTURE: Luke 7:36-50 CHILDREN S DEVOTIONS FOR THE WEEK OF: Devotion NT231 CHILDREN S DEVOTIONS FOR THE WEEK OF: LESSON TITLE: Anointing Jesus Feet life. THEME: Jesus is worthy of all honor. SCRIPTURE: Luke 7:36-50 Dear Parents Welcome to Bible Time for Kids! Bible

More information

The importance of Prayer life

The importance of Prayer life The importance of Prayer life Prayer means communication with God. Prayer will lead us into dependence upon God. A person completely declared before God I am nothing and God is supreme. And declare without

More information

Pendle the kitchen collection. Pendle the kitchen collection

Pendle the kitchen collection. Pendle the kitchen collection Pendle the kitchen collection Pendle the kitchen collection Pendle is a picturesque corner of Lancashire, renowned for the famous Pendle Witch Trial of 1612. It is also a popular destination for thousands

More information

Drama Ideas for Telling the Story of Christmas

Drama Ideas for Telling the Story of Christmas Drama Ideas for Telling the Story of Christmas Submitted by Betsy Strain of First Christian Church (Disciples of Christ), Crawfordsville, Indiana Have one or more persons prepared to sing the following

More information

Poster Design. Getting Attention. Design Guidelines 00-2

Poster Design. Getting Attention. Design Guidelines 00-2 00-2 Poster Design Getting Attention An effective poster draws attention. Holding attention makes a good poster as easy as 1, 2, and 3. A stop sign is universal; no other highway sign looks like it. The

More information

APPLE ACRES ENTRANCE BOOKLET HANDBOOK APPLESEED TRAIL

APPLE ACRES ENTRANCE BOOKLET HANDBOOK APPLESEED TRAIL Awana Clubs Cubbies Scope and Sequence APPLE ACRES ENTRANCE BOOKLET BEAR HUG A Parent Night; Cubbies Key Verse Memory Seed: 1 John 4:10: God loved us and sent His Son The Big Apple: God loves us very much!

More information

Course Description Graphic Design Department

Course Description Graphic Design Department Course Description Graphic Design Department Free drawing : 1021705 / 3 Credit Hours This course introduces the student to basic drawing skills and techniques. The emphasis is on traditional approaches

More information

THE ORDER OF THE MASS

THE ORDER OF THE MASS THE ORDER OF THE MASS The first part of the Mass is about getting to know everyone and welcoming everyone to God s house. It s called the INTRODUCTORY RITES. Entrance Song We sing to celebrate that we

More information

www.discoveryschemeofwork.com

www.discoveryschemeofwork.com The Pan Berkshire Agreed Syllabus for Religious Education and Discovery RE www.discoveryschemeofwork.com Copyright of this document is the property of Jan Lever Education Consultancy and Training Ltd.

More information

Model answer: Timeline

Model answer: Timeline Teaching package: answer sheet Vincent van Gogh. An artist s struggle This graphic novel about the life of Vincent van Gogh can be used in lessons in a variety of ways and is an ideal introduction to a

More information

Creation. Then God spoke and Creation came into being. God formed everything: Creation Week God called all that He had created good.

Creation. Then God spoke and Creation came into being. God formed everything: Creation Week God called all that He had created good. Creation Teacher Pep Talk: Imagine darkness and emptiness and nothing else except God. God in His own time decides that He is going to create something wonderful: something which will eventually cost Him

More information

GOD CREATED THE LIGHTS IN THE SKY

GOD CREATED THE LIGHTS IN THE SKY BOOK 2, PART 2, LESSON 3 GOD CREATED THE LIGHTS IN THE SKY THE BIBLE: Genesis 1:14-17; Psalm 33:6, Psalm 19:1 THEME: The Bible gives us a record of God as creator and sustainer of the universe and of the

More information

9 KING DAVID & KING SOLOMON

9 KING DAVID & KING SOLOMON 9 KING DAVID & KING SOLOMON The Davidic Covenant Solomon Builds the Temple & Blesses the Nations 1 Teacher s Notes Scripture 2 Samuel 7, I Kings 6 10 Objectives To explain that Our lessons are all a part

More information

Year 2 History: Ancient Egypt Resource Pack

Year 2 History: Ancient Egypt Resource Pack Year 2 History: Ancient Egypt Resource Pack This pack includes the following lessons: Locating Egypt The River Nile Archeology Hieroglyphics Pharaohs Every effort has been made to seek permission for the

More information

God, the Great Creator

God, the Great Creator Pre-Session Warm Up God, the Great Creator (Genesis 1: 2:3) Today we re going to start a new series of lessons all about God s attributes. An attribute is a character trait or quality about someone. For

More information

Espiritu Santo Catholic Church

Espiritu Santo Catholic Church Espiritu Santo Catholic Church There is one Lord, one faith, one baptism, One God and Father of all. Ephesians 4:5-6 Beginning the Journey of Faith: Infant Baptism A Parish Celebration Espiritu Santo Catholic

More information

THE THREE PERFECTIONS CALLIGRAPHY, POETRY, AND PAINTING

THE THREE PERFECTIONS CALLIGRAPHY, POETRY, AND PAINTING THE THREE PERFECTIONS CALLIGRAPHY, POETRY, AND PAINTING Introduction Legend has it that Chinese writing was invented over 4,000 years ago by a scholar who devised written characters from the tracks of

More information

Lesson Plan. Playful Portraits

Lesson Plan. Playful Portraits Early Childhood (Ages 3 5) Lesson Plan Playful Portraits Molleno Altar Screen Altar Screen, Molleno, About 1825 Overview Students will explore Molleno s Altar Screen to learn more about portraits. They

More information

Closing Prayer. Pass around the bread. Ask each person to break off a chunk of bread and say: Thank you God, Bread of Life.

Closing Prayer. Pass around the bread. Ask each person to break off a chunk of bread and say: Thank you God, Bread of Life. Closing Prayer During the meal Jesus took some bread in his hands. He blessed the bread and broke it. Then he gave it to his disciples and said, Take this and eat it. This is my body. Pass around the bread.

More information

Africa Before the Slave Trade

Africa Before the Slave Trade Africa Before the Slave Trade Overview of African Kingdoms Ghana and Songhai Ghana (Wagadu) is the earliest known empire of the western Sudan, came into the history books around the eighth century but

More information

THE BAPTISM OF JESUS (C.1.Spring.2)

THE BAPTISM OF JESUS (C.1.Spring.2) THE BAPTISM OF JESUS (C.1.Spring.2) Biblical Reference Matthew 3:13-17, Mark 1:9-11, Luke 3:21-22 Key Verse Matthew 3:16-17 Key Concept Following Jesus example, I too can be baptized. Educational Objectives

More information

"Every man shall give as he is able, according to the blessing of the LORD your God that he has given you." Deuteronomy 16:17

Every man shall give as he is able, according to the blessing of the LORD your God that he has given you. Deuteronomy 16:17 Making cookies is a favorite pasttime for most families during the Christmas season. Cookie cutters are used to turn ordinary cookie dough into edible masterpieces. God doesn't use any cookie cutters when

More information

Name Class Date. Essential Question: In what ways have migration and trade affected cultures?

Name Class Date. Essential Question: In what ways have migration and trade affected cultures? Cultural Diffusion Essential Question: In what ways have migration and trade affected cultures? A. Define cultural diffusion. B. Record information about the topics listed in the Cumulative Review or your

More information

EGYPT - Cycle of Life from the Mystic Lands Series VOCABULARY GUIDE

EGYPT - Cycle of Life from the Mystic Lands Series VOCABULARY GUIDE 1 Allah - The supreme being in the Islamic faith. VOCABULARY GUIDE bedouin - An Arab of any of the nomadic tribes of the deserts of North Africa, Arabia and Syria. Chephren - The Greek name for Khafre,

More information

Pop Art Images in the style of Andy Warhol

Pop Art Images in the style of Andy Warhol Pop Art Images in the style of Andy Warhol Andy Warhol was a 20 th century American artist who created a style called Pop Art. He painted popular images as serious works of art. He is most famous for his

More information

UNIT 13: Ancient Egypt Exercises, activities and tasks

UNIT 13: Ancient Egypt Exercises, activities and tasks UNIT 13: Ancient Egypt Exercises, activities and tasks 1) Egypt is in which continent? America Europe Africa Asia 2) Egypt was divided into 2 zones. What were they called? 3) Was Ancient Egypt a river

More information

resting in the shadow of the almighty

resting in the shadow of the almighty A BIBLE STUDY FOR TEEN GIRLS resting in the shadow of the almighty a m y b y r d + b e c k y d e d g e A BIBLE STUDY FOR TEEN GIRLS resting in the shadow of the almighty a m y b y r d + b e c k y d e d

More information

This graphic design project was to create a work of art that represents the art work of Roy Lichtenstein, and the historical pop art era.

This graphic design project was to create a work of art that represents the art work of Roy Lichtenstein, and the historical pop art era. Rebecca Ahmed Mr. Riese Computer Graphics Technology ROY LITCHENSTEIN For our second Graphic Design project, we imitated Roy Lichtenstein s comics with our own photos. When I turned my photo into a comic,

More information

LESSON TITLE: The Great Commandment. THEME: Love is the fulfillment of the Law. SCRIPTURE: Mark 12:28-34 CHILDREN S DEVOTIONS FOR THE WEEK OF:

LESSON TITLE: The Great Commandment. THEME: Love is the fulfillment of the Law. SCRIPTURE: Mark 12:28-34 CHILDREN S DEVOTIONS FOR THE WEEK OF: Devotion NT264 CHILDREN S DEVOTIONS FOR THE WEEK OF: LESSON TITLE: The Great Commandment THEME: Love is the fulfillment of the Law. SCRIPTURE: Mark 12:28-34 Dear Parents Welcome to Bible Time for Kids.

More information

OUR LIFE WITH JESUS. Faith and Life Series 3. Third Edition

OUR LIFE WITH JESUS. Faith and Life Series 3. Third Edition OUR LIFE WITH JESUS Faith and Life Series 3 Third Edition Contents Note to Parents... 7 1. God Loves Us... 9 2. God Created the World... 13 3. Learning about God.... 17 4. The Promise of a Savior... 23

More information

Bible Survey of Exodus

Bible Survey of Exodus Journey through the Old Testament Bible Survey of Exodus Theme: Deliverance. The word Exodus in Greek means, The way out. Key Text: 6:6:-8 "Therefore, say to the Israelites: 'I am the LORD, and I will

More information

Religions Hinduism Quiz The Basics of Hinduism

Religions Hinduism Quiz The Basics of Hinduism Religions Hinduism Quiz The Basics of Hinduism Hinduism is so diverse that the basics are spread over thousands of texts and these depict a vast series of events that unfolded over a long course of time.

More information

Rules For Bible Study

Rules For Bible Study Rules For Bible Study There are several rules, or methods, of Bible study that will be of help to you as you study your Bible. It is possible to have knowledge of the Bible and still not be a fruitful

More information

Two Signs: Isaiah s Two Sons

Two Signs: Isaiah s Two Sons Two Signs: Isaiah s Two Sons Or were there three? Some read Isaiah 7:3 and say that Isaiah s first son was a young man before the sign was given regarding the virgin will be with child and will give birth

More information

THE REQUIREMENTS OF COMMITTED MEMBERS Part 2

THE REQUIREMENTS OF COMMITTED MEMBERS Part 2 THE REQUIREMENTS OF COMMITTED MEMBERS Part 2 We need to give strong support. We cannot give strong support unless we become mighty men. None of us should fail because this is God s plan. God wants us to

More information

Mermaid Story. A STUDYGUIDE by Robert Lewis.

Mermaid Story. A STUDYGUIDE by Robert Lewis. Mermaid Story A STUDYGUIDE by Robert Lewis www.metromagazine.com.au www.theeducationshop.com.au TEACHER S GUIDE Brief summary An old man, feeling unwanted, leaves his group, and is taken to an underwater

More information

RECOVERING THE BIBLICAL MEANING OF CONTEMPORARY WORDS BOB LIBBY

RECOVERING THE BIBLICAL MEANING OF CONTEMPORARY WORDS BOB LIBBY WORDS WORDS WORDS RECOVERING THE BIBLICAL MEANING OF CONTEMPORARY WORDS BOB LIBBY WORDS WORDS WORDS RECOVERING THE BIBLICAL MEANING OF CONTEMPORARY WORDS BOB LIBBY FORWARD MOVEMENT CINCINNATI, OHIO Cover

More information

"Beasts of the Sea" Lesson: Henri Matisse Created by Art in Action

Beasts of the Sea Lesson: Henri Matisse Created by Art in Action "Beasts of the Sea" Lesson: Henri Matisse Created by Art in Action Beasts of the Sea, Henri Matisse, 1950 Art in Action is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization dedicated to bringing art to children for over

More information

Objective: God is Faithful! Bible Memory Verse: Hebrews 11:3 By faith we understand that the universe was formed at God s THEME OVERVIEW

Objective: God is Faithful! Bible Memory Verse: Hebrews 11:3 By faith we understand that the universe was formed at God s THEME OVERVIEW Creation Story Scripture: Genesis 1:1 2:4 Objective: God is Faithful! Bible Memory Verse: Hebrews 11:3 By faith we understand that the universe was formed at God s command, so that what is seen was not

More information

Introduction: Assignment and Anointing

Introduction: Assignment and Anointing Speaker Title : Senior Pastor Prince Guneratnam : Glorify God on the Earth Introduction: Assignment and Anointing When God assigns a responsibility, He also anoints for the assignment The anointing gives

More information

God Expressing Himself

God Expressing Himself God Expressing Himself If you want to express yourself (open your thoughts and feelings for others to know you) how do you do it? By writing? By speaking? By drawing or painting? By making a 3 dimensional

More information

PRAYER SERVICE FOR LIFE

PRAYER SERVICE FOR LIFE PRAYER SERVICE FOR LIFE HYMN stand Let All Things Now Living INTRODUCTION Assembly: Assembly: In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen. May God, our life, our strength, and

More information

Additional Eucharistic Prayers

Additional Eucharistic Prayers CHAPTER 21 Additional Eucharistic Prayers A Form for Ordering the Eucharist (pages 511-514) provides a form which may be used in writing and adapting eucharistic prayers. Because they follow the framework

More information

Haslingden High School RE HOMEWORK BOOKLET Year 8 Block A

Haslingden High School RE HOMEWORK BOOKLET Year 8 Block A Haslingden High School RE HOMEWORK BOOKLET Year 8 Block A Name: Form: Subject Teacher: Date Given: Date to Hand in: Level: Effort: House Points: Comment: Target: Parent / Guardian Comment: 0 Year 8 Block

More information

Ministry Track Evangelism Training (MTET) for Group Leader

Ministry Track Evangelism Training (MTET) for Group Leader Ministry Track Evangelism Training (MTET) for Group Leader We believe preparation for serving at MFuge can be a key component in making the experience the best it can be. We have created the following

More information

The Story of Our Savior s Lutheran Church Christmas Tree

The Story of Our Savior s Lutheran Church Christmas Tree The Story of Our Savior s Lutheran Church Christmas Tree Do you remember the meaning of the ornaments on our Christmas tree? Maybe you never really knew the history. Our current Christmas tree was purchased

More information

A PRAYER IN THE GARDEN

A PRAYER IN THE GARDEN BOOK 3, PART I, LESSON 4 A PRAYER IN THE GARDEN THE BIBLE: Luke 22:39-53, Mark 14:32-50 THEME: We remember that Jesus taught about love and showed love in everything he did. During Lent and Easter we remember

More information

Sorry! Thank you! Please help me! Praying the Mass

Sorry! Thank you! Please help me! Praying the Mass Praying the Mass At Mass we meet with Jesus and he meets with us. This is a precious meeting. We meet with the Son of God, who comes to us to share with us his love and his life. He comes to us, to bring

More information

GOD CREATED THE ANIMALS

GOD CREATED THE ANIMALS BOOK 2, PART 2, LESSON 4 GOD CREATED THE ANIMALS THE BIBLE: Genesis 1:20-25; Psalm 104:24 THEME: The Bible gives us a record of God as creator and sustainer of the universe, and of the persons who are

More information

TWO KINGDOMS IN CONFLICT

TWO KINGDOMS IN CONFLICT UNIT 1: SPIRITUAL FOUNDATIONS FOR SEPARATION Lesson 1 TWO KINGDOMS IN CONFLICT RELATED SCRIPTURES Genesis 3 Daniel 10:11-14 Romans 6:5-23 Leviticus 11:44, 45 Zechariah 3:1, 2 1 Peter 1:12-16 Job 1:6-12;

More information

Hinduism. Glossary of Key Terms 12:00

Hinduism. Glossary of Key Terms 12:00 Hinduism Glossary of Key Terms 12:00 Hinduism Glossary Ahimsa Arti Ashramas Atman Avatar Bhakta Bhagavadgita Bindis Brahma Brahman Brahmin Burfi Castes Diety Diwali Diva Dharma Guru Ganesha Gayatri Mantra

More information

SCULPTURE TO GO Children s guide

SCULPTURE TO GO Children s guide SCULPTURE TO GO Children s guide WELCOME TO THE SNITE MUSEUM OF ART! We hope you enjoy your visit today as we look together at some of the sculptures inside and outside our building. All of the sculptures

More information

The Empty Tomb. (Easter Sunday)

The Empty Tomb. (Easter Sunday) The Empty Tomb! (Easter Sunday) Teacher Pep Talk: Congratulations! You get to teach children the greatest Bible story of all: The Resurrection of Jesus Christ! EASTER!! There is no greater story of God

More information

LESSON TITLE: Jesus Visits Mary and Martha THEME: Jesus wants us to spend time with \ Him. SCRIPTURE: Luke 10:38-42

LESSON TITLE: Jesus Visits Mary and Martha THEME: Jesus wants us to spend time with \ Him. SCRIPTURE: Luke 10:38-42 Devotion NT249 CHILDREN S DEVOTIONS FOR THE WEEK OF: LESSON TITLE: Jesus Visits Mary and Martha THEME: Jesus wants us to spend time with \ Him. SCRIPTURE: Luke 10:38-42 Dear Parents Welcome to Bible Time

More information

EXPECTATIONS. At the end of this unit. most children will: some children will not have made so much progress and will:

EXPECTATIONS. At the end of this unit. most children will: some children will not have made so much progress and will: Unit 4B Celebrations: Christmas journeys RE Year 4 ABOUT THE UNIT This unit involves children looking at the ways in which Christians today find meaning in the accounts and stories of Jesus birth. Through

More information

CHILDREN S BAPTISM WORKBOOK

CHILDREN S BAPTISM WORKBOOK CHILDREN S BAPTISM WORKBOOK SouthWinds Church of Tracy Child and Baptism Workbook Southwinds Church Page 1 Information For Parents This workbook has been written to help you determine if your child has

More information

FOLLOWERS OF JESUS ARE SERVANTS

FOLLOWERS OF JESUS ARE SERVANTS BOOK 3, PART 2, LESSON 4 FOLLOWERS OF JESUS ARE SERVANTS THE BIBLE: Acts 6:2 4, Romans 12:10, Romans 12:10a THEME: God gave Jesus followers the power to carry on the work Jesus had begun. They gathered

More information