# A Correlation of. to the. South Carolina Data Analysis and Probability Standards

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1 A Correlation of to the South Carolina Data Analysis and Probability Standards

2 INTRODUCTION This document demonstrates how Stats in Your World 2012 meets the indicators of the South Carolina Academic Standards for Mathematics Precalculus. Correlation page references are to the Student Edition and Instructor s Edition Manual and are cited at the page level. Trusted author Dave Bock and instructional leader Tom Mariano deliver a new textbook for algebrabased introductory statistics courses. This book is designed to help students leave high school equipped with the ability to make sense of statistics. Stats in Your World is a readable and approachable text that students understand and enjoy reading. Features: Leads with practical data analysis and graphics, encouraging students to do statistics and think statistically from the start. Uses real world examples wherever possible to engage students. Includes the most common mistakes in statistical thinking to help students avoid errors. Extensive exercise sets feature applied concepts and check students ability to think statistically, rather than simply produce an answer. A tiered exercise approach features the same concept at 3 levels to differentiate instruction. Articles from Time, Newsweek, and the New York Times show the application of statistics in the real world. Teacher s Resource Guide with Worksheets provides extra examples, tips on how to teach the content, and fully worked problems. MathXL for School, the powerful online homework, tutorial, and assessment program, includes online homework, assessments, and tutorials aligned to the textbook at the chapter, section, and objective level. Also available for purchase StatCrunch Online statistical software for use with any statistics text This document demonstrates the success students will achieve by using Stats in Your World.

3 to the Data Analysis and Probability DA-1: The student will use the mathematical processes of representation, connection, communication, reasoning and proof, and problem solving. DA-1.1: Execute procedures to conduct simple probability experiments and collect data using manipulatives including spinners, dice, cards, and coins DA-1.2: Execute procedures to find measures of probability and statistics using tools such as hand-held computing devices, spreadsheets, and statistical software. DA-1.3: Execute procedures to conduct a simulation using random number tables and/or technology including hand-held computing devices and computers. DA-1.4: Design and conduct a statistical research project, produce a report, and summarize the findings. SE/TE: 267, TI Tips in every chapter show students how to use TI-83/84 Plus statistics functions. (Help using a TI-89 or TI-Nspire appears in Appendix B.) TI-Nspire Activities - Stats in Your World contains many demonstrations and investigations for TI-Nspire handhelds to enhance each chapter. These are located on the book s website TI Tips in every chapter show students how to use TI-83/84 Plus statistics functions. (Help using a TI-89 or TI-Nspire appears in Appendix B.) TI-Nspire Activities - Stats in Your World contain many demonstrations and investigations for TI- Nspire handhelds to enhance each chapter. These are located on the book s website Although research questions are not independently generated by student, the Exercises at the end of each chapter offer straightforward practice of individual concepts or skills and offer three levels of complexity. Almost all exercises are based on real-world studies and data sets 1

4 to the DA-1.5: Apply the principles of probability and statistics to solve problems in real world contexts. DA-1.6: C Communicate knowledge of data analysis and probability using mathematical terminology appropriately. DA-1.7: Judge the reasonableness of solutions based on the source of the data, the design of the study, the way the data displayed, and the way the data is analyzed. DA-1.8: Compare data sets using graphs and summary statistics. Step-by-Step Worked Examples - When students have mastered the individual steps, the big picture is presented: a complete statistical analysis following the Think-Show-Tell rubric. These Step-by-Step examples ask students realworld questions. In Your World - Each chapter closes with a recent news story or magazine article that applies the new Statistics knowledge in an interesting context, amplifying the book s central message that Statistics is about the real world. Exercises - Activities are built on real data. Almost all Exercise activities at the end of each chapter are based on real-world studies and data sets. Opportunities are presented throughout the text but especially in Notation Alerts found in each chapter. Emphasized throughout the text are the importance of clear communication, and proper notation as part of the vocabulary of Statistics. Opportunities presented throughout text but especially in Think, Show, Tell, Step-by-Step Worked Examples, What Can Go Wrong?, and Exercise activities. All of these are found within each chapter. Throughout the text students use and compare data sets. In addition to including some small data sets, examples and Exercise activities are built on real data. Almost all Exercise activities at the end of each chapter are based on realworld studies and data sets DA-2: Through the process standards the student will demonstrate an understanding of the design of a statistical study. DA-2.1: Classify a data collection procedure as a SE/TE: 242, 244, 245 survey, an observational study, or a controlled experiment. DA-2.2: Compare various random sampling techniques including simple, stratified, cluster, and systematic. DA-2.3: Analyze a data collection procedure to classify the sampling technique used as simple cluster, systematic, or convenience. DA-2.4: Critique data collection methods and describe how bias can be controlled or reduced SE/TE: 223, 224, 225, 226 SE/TE: 225, 226, 230, 231 SE/TE: 219, 224, 230, 231, 232, 233, 386 2

5 to the DA-2.5: Judge which of two or more possible experimental designs will best answer a given research question. DA-2.6: Generate a research question and design a statistical study to answer the research question. SE/TE: 244, 245, 246, 247, 248 Although research questions are not independently generated by student, the Exercises at the end of each chapter offer straightforward practice of individual concepts or skills and offer three levels of complexity. Almost all exercises are based on real-world studies and data sets DA-3: Through the process standards the student will demonstrate an understanding of how to collect, organize, display, and interpret data. DA-3.1: Use manipulatives, random number tables, and technology to collect data and conduct experiments and simulations. DA-3.2: Organize and represent data using pictographs, bar graphs, pie charts, dot plots, histograms, time-series plots, stem-and-leaf plots, box-and whiskers plots, and scatter plots. DA-3.3: Given a data set or problem situation, select appropriate graphical display(s) from among pictographs, bar graphs, pie charts, dot plots, histograms, time-series plots, stem-andleaf plots, box-and-whiskers plots, and scatter plots. DA-3.4: Represent frequency distributions using displays such as categorical frequency distributions/pareto charts, histograms, frequency polygons, cumulative frequency distributions/ogives. SE/TE: ; Exercises pgs , 243, 245, 246, 247, 248, 249, 252, 255, 256, 257, 258, 259; Exercises pgs , 271, 272, 273, 274, 275; Exercises pgs In addition, TI Tips in every chapter show students how to use TI-83/84 Plus statistics functions. (Help using a TI-89 or TI-Nspire appears in Appendix B.) Stats in Your World contain many demonstrations and investigations for TI-Nspire handhelds to enhance each chapter. These are located on the book s website SE/TE: 22, 23, 24, 25, 28, 30, 37, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50-51, 52, 63, 68, 69, 84, 85, 86, 88, 89, 92, 94, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143 allow opportunities for students to select appropriate graphical displays. SE/TE: 22, 23, 24, 25, 37, 46, 47, 48, 52, 63, 68 3

6 to the DA-3.5: Classify the shape of a scatterplot (including linear, quadratic, or exponential). DA-3.6: Classify graphically and analytically the correlation between two variables as positive, negative, or no correlation. DA-3.7: Carry out a procedure to determine an equation for a trend line for a scatterplot exhibiting a linear pattern by using visual approximation. DA-3.8: Carry out a procedure to determine a line of best fit for a scatterplot exhibiting a linear pattern by using technology. DA-3.9: Explain the meaning of the correlation coefficient, r. DA-3.10: Use interpolation or extrapolation to predict values based on relationship between two variables. SE/TE: 139, 143 SE/TE: 139, 140, 141, 143, 144, 146, 147, 154 SE/TE: 139, 140, 143 SE/TE: pg. 149 SE/TE: 144, 145, 152, 153 SE/TE: 177, 178, 179 DA-4: Through the process standards the student will demonstrate an understanding of basic statistical methods of analyzing data. DA-4.1: Classify a variable as a statistic or a SE/TE: 119, 222, 249 parameter. DA-4.2: Compare descriptive and inferential statistics. DA-4.3: Classify a variable as discrete or continuous and categorical or quantitative. DA-4.4: Use procedures and/or technology to find measures of central tendency (mean, median, mode) for given data. SE/TE: 387, 388, 411, 440, 441, 445, 446, 447 SE/TE: 9, 11, 22, 23, 24, 46, 139, 146, 151, 347, 348 SE/TE:52, 55, 58, 61, In addition, TI Tips in every chapter show students how to use TI-83/84 Plus statistics functions. (Help using a TI-89 or TI-Nspire appears in Appendix B.) Stats in Your World contain many demonstrations and investigations for TI-Nspire handhelds to enhance each chapter. These are located on the book s website 4

7 to the DA-4.5: Predict the effect of transformations of data on measures of central tendency, variability, and the shape of the distribution. DA-4.6: Use procedures and/or technology to find measures of spread (range, variance, standard deviation, interquartile range) and outliers for give data. DA-4.7: Use procedures and/or technology to find measures of position (including median, quartiles, percentiles, standard scores) for given data. DA-4.8: Classify a distribution as symmetric, positively skewed, or negatively skewed. DA-4.9: Explain the significance of the shape of a distribution. DA-4.10: Use knowledge of the Empirical Rule to solve problems involving data that is distributed normally. DA-4.11: Use control charts to determine if a process is in control. SE/TE: 52, 53, 59, 60 SE/TE: 56, 57, 58, 63, 65 In addition, TI Tips in every chapter show students how to use TI-83/84 Plus statistics functions. (Help using a TI-89 or TI-Nspire appears in Appendix B.) Stats in Your World contain many demonstrations and investigations for TI-Nspire handhelds to enhance each chapter. These are located on the book s website SE/TE:55, 56, 57, 58, 123, 124 In addition, TI Tips in every chapter show students how to use TI-83/84 Plus statistics functions. (Help using a TI-89 or TI-Nspire appears in Appendix B.) Stats in Your World contain many demonstrations and investigations for TI-Nspire handhelds to enhance each chapter. These are located on the book s website SE/TE: 53, 63, 444 SE/TE: 51, 52, 53, 59, 60, 118 SE/TE: 120 Control charts are not explored in this textbook. 5

8 to the DA-5: Through the process standards the student will demonstrate an understanding of the basic concepts of probability. DA-5.1: Construct a sample space for an experiment and represent it as a list, chart, picture, or tree diagram. DA-5.2: Use counting techniques to determine the number of possible outcomes of an event. DA-5.3: Classify events as dependent or independent. DA-5.4: Categorize two events as mutually exclusive or not mutually exclusive. DA-5.5: Use the concept of complementary sets to compute probabilities. DA-5.6: Use the binomial probability distribution to solve problems. DA-5.7: Carry out a procedure to compute simple probabilities and compound probabilities including conditional probabilities. DA-5.8: Use a procedure to find geometric probability in real world contexts. DA-5.9: Compare theoretical and experimental probabilities. DA-5.10: Construct and compare theoretical and experimental probability distributions. DA-5.11: Use procedures to find the expected value of discrete random variables and construct meaning within contexts. SE/TE: 288, 289 SE/TE: SE/TE: 286 SE/TE: 327 SE/TE: 308, 311, 313, 314, SE/TE: 327, 328, 329 SE/TE: 307, 310, 312 SE/TE: 52, 426 SE/TE: SE/TE: 309, 312, 316, 317 SE/TE: 287, 289 SE/TE: 287, 289 SE/TE: 347, 348 DA-5.12: Understand the law of large numbers. SE/TE: 286, 297 DA-5.13: Carry out a procedure to compute conditional probability using two-way tables. SE/TE: 502, 503, 504, 506 6

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