# UNIT 1: COLLECTING DATA

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1 Core Probability and Statistics Probability and Statistics provides a curriculum focused on understanding key data analysis and probabilistic concepts, calculations, and relevance to real-world applications. Through a "Discovery-Confirmation-Practice"- based exploration of each concept, students are challenged to work toward a mastery of computational skills, deepen their understanding of key ideas and solution strategies, and extend their knowledge through a variety of problem-solving applications. Course topics include types of data; common methods used to collect data; and the various representations of data, including histograms, bar graphs, box plots, and scatterplots. Students learn to work with data by analyzing and employing methods of prediction, specifically involving samples and populations, distributions, summary statistics, regression analysis, transformations, simulations, and inference. Ideas involving probability including sample space, empirical and theoretical probability, expected value, and independent and compound events are covered as students explore the relationship between probability and data analysis. The basic connection between geometry and probability is also explored. To assist students for whom language presents a barrier to learning or who are not reading at grade level, Probability and Statistics includes audio resources in English. The content is based on the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) standards and is aligned with state standards. Length: One semester UNIT 1: COLLECTING DATA LESSON 1: WHAT IS STATISTICS? Study: What Is Statistics? Learn reasons for studying statistics, how statistics is used, and the differences between sample data and population parameters. Quiz: What Is Statistics? LESSON 2: OBSERVAT IONAL ST UDIES St udy: Observat ional St udies Learn about different sampling methods, biases in sampling, and how sampling methods and biases can affect conclusions drawn from studies. 1 o f 13

2 Quiz: Observat ional St udies LESSON 3: EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN St udy: Experiment al Design Learn about experimental design, including but not limited to treatments, randomization, techniques to address extraneous factors, and appropriate conclusions. Quiz: Experiment al Design Discuss: Applying Experiment al Design Concept s t o Real-World St udies Join a three- to five-question discussion to practice methods learned in this unit. Duration: 0 hr 20 min Scoring: 30 points LESSON 4: CAT EGORICAL DATA Study: Categorical Data Learn how to construct and interpret bar charts, pie graphs, and comparative bar charts. Quiz: Categorical Data LESSON 5: COLLECT ING DATA WRAP-UP Pract ice: Assignment Submit your work for a set of 20 practice problems. Duration: 0 hr 40 min Scoring: 100 points Review: Collect ing Dat a Prepare for the unit test by reviewing key concepts and skills. Duration: 0 hr 30 min Scoring: 0 points Test (CS): Collecting Data Take a computer-scored test to assess what you have learned in this unit. Duration: 0 hr 40 min Scoring: 50 points Test (T S): Collecting Data Take a teacher-scored test to assess what you have learned in this unit. Duration: 0 hr 30 min Scoring: 50 points 2 o f 13

3 LESSON 6: DIAGNOST IC Diagnostic: Collecting Data Take a diagnostic unit test that will generate a study plan based on your responses. Duration: 0 hr 40 min Scoring: 25 points UNIT 2: NUMERICAL DATA SETS LESSON 1: NUMERICAL DATA Study: Numerical Data Learn how to construct and interpret stem-and-leaf plots, histograms, and dot plots along with comparative stem-and-leaf and dot plots. Quiz: Numerical Dat a LESSON 2: MEASURES OF CENTER Study: Measures of Center Learn how to calculate and interpret measures of center, such as mean, median, and mode. Quiz: Measures of Cent er LESSON 3: MEASURES OF SPREAD St udy: Measures of Spread Learn how to calculate and interpret variance, standard deviation, range, interquartile range, and outliers. Quiz: Measures of Spread LESSON 4: BOX PLOTS Study: Box Plots Learn how to calculate and interpret box plots, comparative box plots, and modified box plots. 3 o f 13

4 Quiz: Box Plots LESSON 5: DESCRIBING DIST RIBUT IONS St udy: Describing Dist ribut ions Learn how to describe distributions using measures of center, shape, and spread for single and comparative data sets. Quiz: Describing Dist ribut ions Discuss: Displaying and Describing Real-World Dat a Join a three- to five-question discussion to practice methods learned in this unit. Duration: 0 hr 20 min Scoring: 30 points LESSON 6: T RANSFORMING UNIVARIAT E DATA Study: Transf orming Univariate Data Learn how to calculate the effects of transformations on the center, shape, and spread. Quiz: Transf orming Univariat e Dat a LESSON 7: NUMERICAL DATA SET S WRAP-UP Pract ice: Assignment Submit your work for a set of 20 practice problems. Duration: 0 hr 40 min Scoring: 100 points Review: Numerical Data Sets Prepare for the unit test by reviewing key concepts and skills. Duration: 0 hr 30 min Scoring: 0 points Test (CS): Numerical Data Sets Take a computer-scored test to assess what you have learned in this unit. Duration: 0 hr 40 min Scoring: 50 points Test (T S): Numerical Data Sets Take a teacher-scored test to assess what you have learned in this unit. Duration: 0 hr 30 min Scoring: 50 points 4 o f 13

5 LESSON 8: DIAGNOST IC Diagnostic: Numerical Data Sets Take a diagnostic unit test that will generate a study plan based on your responses. Duration: 0 hr 40 min Scoring: 25 points UNIT 3: BIVARIATE DATA LESSON 1: SCATTERPLOTS Study: Scatterplots Learn how to construct and interpret scatterplots. Quiz: Scatterplots LESSON 2: CORRELAT ION COEFFICIENT S St udy: Correlat ion Coefficient s Learn how to calculate and interpret Pearson's sample correlation coefficient. Quiz: Correlat ion Coefficient s LESSON 3: LINEAR REGRESSION St udy: Linear Regression Learn how to calculate a linear regression equation, interpret the slope and intercept in context, and identify influential points (compared to large residuals). Quiz: Linear Regression LESSON 4: ASSESSING LINEAR REGRESSION St udy: Assessing Linear Regression Learn how to interpret correlation coefficients (r-values), coefficients of determination (r 2 -values), and residual plots. 5 o f 13

6 Quiz: Assessing Linear Regression LESSON 5: T RANSFORMING BIVARIAT E DATA Study: Transf orming Bivariate Data Learn how to transform data so that a linear regression equation can be used to model nonlinear relationships. Quiz: Transf orming Bivariate Data Discuss: Transf orming Real-World Bivariat e Dat a Join a three- to five-question discussion to practice methods learned in this unit. Duration: 0 hr 20 min Scoring: 30 points LESSON 6: BIVARIAT E DATA WRAP-UP Pract ice: Assignment Submit your work for a set of 20 practice problems. Duration: 0 hr 40 min Scoring: 100 points Review: Bivariate Data Prepare for the unit test by reviewing key concepts and skills. Duration: 0 hr 30 min Scoring: 0 points Test (CS): Bivariate Data Take a computer-scored test to assess what you have learned in this unit. Duration: 0 hr 40 min Scoring: 50 points Test (T S): Bivariate Data Take a teacher-scored test to assess what you have learned in this unit. Duration: 0 hr 30 min Scoring: 50 points LESSON 7: DIAGNOST IC Diagnostic: Bivariate Data Take a diagnostic unit test that will generate a study plan based on your responses. Duration: 0 hr 40 min Scoring: 25 points UNIT 4: PROBABILITY LESSON 1: RANDOM OUTCOMES, SAMPLE SPACE, AND EVENTS Study: Random Outcomes, Sample Space, and Events Learn how to anticipate all possible outcomes of a chance experiment and list specific outcomes associated with defined events. 6 o f 13

7 Quiz: Random Out comes, Sample Space, and Event s LESSON 2: GENERAL PROBABILIT Y RULES St udy: General Probabilit y Rules Learn how to apply the general addition and complement rules for two events, and learn to use and read Venn diagrams when solving probability problems. Quiz: General Probabilit y Rules LESSON 3: CONDIT IONAL PROBABILIT Y St udy: Condit ional Probabilit y Learn how to identify and solve conditional probability problems using correct notation, formulas, and tables. Quiz: Condit ional Probabilit y LESSON 4: INDEPENDENCE St udy: Independence Learn how to show if two events are independent, and solve probability problems for both independent and dependent events using the multiplication rule and tree diagrams. Quiz: Independence LESSON 5: BAYES'S T HEOREM Study: Bayes's T heorem Learn how to identify and solve probability problems using Bayes's theorem. 7 o f 13

8 Quiz: Bayes's T heorem LESSON 6: SIMULAT IONS St udy: Simulat ions Learn how to simulate a random event using random number generators and rows of random digits and use results to estimate probabilities empirically. Quiz: Simulat ions Discuss: Using Simulat ions t o Explore Real-World Concerns Join a three- to five-question discussion to practice methods learned in this unit. Duration: 0 hr 20 min Scoring: 30 points LESSON 7: PROBABILIT Y WRAP-UP Pract ice: Assignment Submit your work for a set of 20 practice problems. Duration: 0 hr 40 min Scoring: 100 points Review: Probabilit y Prepare for the unit test by reviewing key concepts and skills. Duration: 0 hr 30 min Scoring: 0 points Test (CS): Probabilit y Take a computer-scored test to assess what you have learned in this unit. Duration: 0 hr 40 min Scoring: 50 points Test (T S): Probability Take a teacher-scored test to assess what you have learned in this unit. Duration: 0 hr 30 min Scoring: 50 points LESSON 8: DIAGNOST IC Diagnost ic: Probabilit y Take a diagnostic unit test that will generate a study plan based on your responses. Duration: 0 hr 40 min Scoring: 25 points UNIT 5: PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS LESSON 1: DISCRET E RANDOM VARIABLES St udy: Discret e Random Variables 8 o f 13

9 St udy: Discret e Random Variables Learn how to identify a discrete random variable and calculate its probability distribution, mean, and standard deviation. Quiz: Discret e Random Variables LESSON 2: CONT INUOUS RANDOM VARIABLES St udy: Cont inuous Random Variables Learn how to identify a continuous random variable and calculate its probability distribution. Quiz: Cont inuous Random Variables LESSON 3: BINOMIAL PROBABILIT Y DIST RIBUT IONS St udy: Binomial Probabilit y Dist ribut ions Learn how to calculate binomial probability distributions, including mean and standard deviation. Quiz: Binomial Probabilit y Dist ribut ions LESSON 4: GEOMET RIC PROBABILIT Y DIST RIBUT IONS Study: Geometric Probability Distributions Learn how to identify and calculate geometric probability distributions. Quiz: Geomet ric Probabilit y Dist ribut ions LESSON 5: NORMAL DIST RIBUT IONS Study: Normal Distributions 9 o f 13

10 Learn how to identify properties of a normal distribution and then apply these properties to determine probabilities with a table or graphing calculator. Quiz: Normal Dist ribut ions Discuss: Checking f or Normal Probabilit y Dist ribut ions Join a three- to five-question discussion to practice methods learned in this unit. Duration: 0 hr 20 min Scoring: 30 points LESSON 6: PROBABILIT Y DIST RIBUT IONS WRAP-UP Pract ice: Assignment Submit your work for a set of 20 practice problems. Duration: 0 hr 40 min Scoring: 100 points Review: Probabilit y Dist ribut ions Prepare for the unit test by reviewing key concepts and skills. Duration: 0 hr 30 min Scoring: 0 points Test (CS): Probabilit y Dist ribut ions Take a computer-scored test to assess what you have learned in this unit. Duration: 0 hr 40 min Scoring: 50 points Test (T S): Probability Distributions Take a teacher-scored test to assess what you have learned in this unit. Duration: 0 hr 30 min Scoring: 50 points LESSON 7: DIAGNOST IC Diagnost ic: Probabilit y Dist ribut ions Take a diagnostic unit test that will generate a study plan based on your responses. Duration: 0 hr 40 min Scoring: 25 points UNIT 6: SAMPLE DISTRIBUTIONS AND CONFIDENCE INTERVALS LESSON 1: POINT ESTIMATES Study: Point Estimates Learn how to calculate point estimates from a single sample mean and a single sample proportion. Quiz: Point Estimates LESSON 2: SINGLE SAMPLE MEAN 10 o f 13

11 St udy: Single Sample Mean Learn how to understand and apply the concepts and parameters of the central limit theorem to single sample mean distributions. Quiz: Single Sample Mean LESSON 3: SINGLE SAMPLE PROPORT ION St udy: Single Sample Proport ion Learn how to understand and apply the concepts and parameters of the central limit theorem to single sample proportion distributions. Quiz: Single Sample Proport ion LESSON 4: SINGLE SAMPLE MEANS AND CONFIDENCE INT ERVALS St udy: Single Sample Means and Confidence Int ervals Learn how to use large sample data to calculate and interpret a confidence interval for a population mean. Quiz: Single Sample Means and Confidence Int ervals LESSON 5: SINGLE SAMPLE PROPORT IONS AND CONFIDENCE INT ERVALS St udy: Single Sample Proport ions and Confidence Int ervals Learn how to use large sample data to calculate and interpret a confidence interval for a population proportion. Quiz: Single Sample Proport ions and Confidence Int ervals LESSON 6: EVALUAT ING PUBLISHED REPORT S 11 o f 13

12 St udy: Evaluat ing Published Report s Learn how to evaluate the design of a study, the appropriateness of its analysis, and the validity of its conclusions. Quiz: Evaluat ing Published Report s Discuss: Analyzing Real-World Report s Join a three- to five-question discussion to practice methods learned in this unit. Duration: 0 hr 20 min Scoring: 30 points LESSON 7: APPLICATIONS OF STATISTICAL TECHNIQUES Study: Applications of Statistical Techniques Learn how statistical techniques are used to analyze real-world observational studies and experimental designs. Quiz: Applications of Statistical Techniques LESSON 8: SAMPLE DIST RIBUT IONS AND CONFIDENCE INT ERVALS WRAP-UP Pract ice: Assignment Submit your work for a set of 20 practice problems. Duration: 0 hr 40 min Scoring: 100 points Review: Sample Dist ribut ions and Confidence Int ervals Prepare for the unit test by reviewing key concepts and skills. Duration: 0 hr 30 min Scoring: 0 points Test (CS): Sample Dist ribut ions and Confidence Int ervals Take a computer-scored test to assess what you have learned in this unit. Duration: 0 hr 40 min Scoring: 50 points Test (T S): Sample Distributions and Confidence Intervals Take a teacher-scored test to assess what you have learned in this unit. Duration: 0 hr 30 min Scoring: 50 points LESSON 9: DIAGNOST IC Diagnost ic: Sample Dist ribut ions and Confidence Int ervals Take a diagnostic unit test that will generate a study plan based on your responses. Duration: 0 hr 40 min Scoring: 25 points 12 o f 13

13 UNIT 7: PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS REVIEW AND EXAM LESSON 1: PROBABILITY AND STATISTICS Review: Probability and Statistics Prepare for the course exam by reviewing key concepts covered in this course. Duration: 1 hr Scoring: 0 points Exam: Probability and Statistics Take a computer-scored exam to demonstrate your mastery of concepts and skills covered in this course. Duration: 0 hr 50 min Scoring: 200 points 13 o f 13

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