# Simplify the rational expression. Find all numbers that must be excluded from the domain of the simplified rational expression.

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1 MAC 1105 Final Review Simplify the rational expression. Find all numbers that must be excluded from the domain of the simplified rational expression. 1) 8x 2-49x + 6 x - 6 A) 1, x 6 B) 8x - 1, x 6 x - 6 C) 8x2-50, no restrictions on x D) 8x 2-49x + 6, x 6 x - 6 Divide. 2) (x + 3) 2 x - 3 x 2-9 3x - 9 A) (x + 3) 3 3(x - 3) B) (x + 3) 2 (x - 3)2 C) 6(x 2 + 9) x2-9 D) 3(x + 3) x - 3 Simplify the complex rational expression. 3) x x A) 1 B) 16 x C) x 16 D) 16 Solve the equation. 2 4) y y - 5 = 4 y2-25 A) {54} B) {9} C) { 37} D) {-9} Perform the indicated operations and write the result in standard form. 5) A) i( ) B) 5i - 11 C) 5i - 11i D) i( 5-11) Find the product and write the result in standard form. 6) (3 + 8i)(3-8i) A) 73 B) 9-64i C) -55 D) 9-64i2 Divide and express the result in standard form. 2 7) 3 + i A) i B) i C) i D) i

2 Solve the equation by factoring. 8) 25x2 + 30x + 8 = 0 A) , B) 4 5, C) 4 5, 2 5 D) - 4 5, Solve the equation by the square root property. 9) (x - 5)2 = -4 A) {5i ± 2} B) {5 ± 2i} C) {-5 ± 2i} D) ± 2i 5 Solve the equation by completing the square. 10) x2 + 8x - 3 = 0 A) {-4-19, } B) { , } C) {-1-19, } D) {4 + 19} Solve the equation using the quadratic formula. 11) 4x2 + x - 4 = 0 A) C) 1-65, , 2 2 B) D) , 8 8 Compute the discriminant. Then determine the number and type of solutions for the given equation. 12) x2 + 6x - 7 = 0 A) 0; one real solution B) -8; two complex imaginary solutions C) 64; two unequal real solutions Solve the equation,. 13) x - 3x - 2 = 4 A) {-1} B) {1, 2} C) {9} D) {2, 9} Solve the equation. 14) x4-40x = 0 A) {-2, 2, -6, 6} B) {2, 6} C) {-2i, 2i, -6i, 6i} D) {4, 36} Solve the inequality. 15) 5x + 4 < 4 A) -, , B) -, C) - 8, 0 D) (-, 5) 5 16) 4x A) -, [8, ) B) -, , C) - 3 2, 5 2 D) [ 5 2, )

3 Determine whether the relation is a function. 17) {(-8, -9), (-8, 9), (1, 3), (3, 5), (10, -9)} A) Not a function B) Function Determine whether the equation defines y as a function of x. 18) x2 + y = 16 A) y is a function of x B) y is not a function of x Use the graph to determine the function's domain and range. 19) A) domain: [0, ) range: (-, ) B) domain: (-, ) range: [-1, ) C) domain: [0, ) range: [-1, ) D) domain: [0, ) range: [0, ) Identify the intervals where the function is 20) Increasing A) (-3, 3) B) (-3, ) C) (-2, ) D) (-2, 2) Test the equation for symmetry with respect to the x-axis, the y-axis, and the origin. 21) y = 3x2-3 A) y-axis only B) Origin only C) x-axis only D) x-axis, y-axis, origin

4 Determine whether the given function is even, odd, or neither. 22) f(x) = -5x5 + x3 A) Even B) Odd C) Neither Evaluate the piecewise function at the given value. 23) f(x) = 4x + 3 if x < 2 5x + 2 if x 2 ; f(3) A) 17 B) 14 C) 20 D) 18 Find and simplify the difference quotient 24) f(x) = 3x - 7 A) h f(x + h) - f(x), h 0 for the given function. h B) 3 + 6(x - 7) h C) 3 D) 0 Find the domain of the function. 25) g(x) = 2x x2-9 A) (-, ) B) (-, -3) (-3, 3) (3, ) C) (9, ) D) (-, 0) (0, ) 26) x x - 4 A) (-, 4) (4, ) B) [4, ) C) (-, ) D) (4, ) Given functions f and g, perform the indicated operations. 27) f(x) = 8-8x, g(x) = -4x + 8 Find f + g. A) -4x + 16 B) -4x + 8 C) -12x + 16 D) 4x For the given functions f and g, find the indicated composition. 28) f(x) = -2x + 2, g(x) = 3x + 2 (g f)(x) A) 6x + 8 B) -6x + 6 C) -6x + 8 D) -6x ) f(x) = x2-2x - 5, g(x) = x2 + 2x - 1 (f g)(-5) A) 955 B) 867 C) 163 D) 251 Given functions f and g, determine the domain of f + g. 30) f(x) = 3x + 3, g(x) = 5 x - 3 A) (0, ) B) (-, -5) or (-5, ) C) (-, 3) or (3, ) D) (-, ) Find the inverse of the one-to-one function. 31) f(x) = 6x A) f-1(x) = 5x B) f-1(x) = 5x C) f-1(x) = 5 6x - 7 D) f-1(x) = 5 6x + 7

5 Begin by graphing the standard quadratic function f(x) = x2. Then use transformations of this graph to graph the given function. 32) h(x) = (x - 5)2 + 7 A) B) C) D) Find the distance between the pair of points. 33) (2, 6) and (-4, -7) A) 78 B) 133 C) 205 D) -7 Find the midpoint of the line segment whose end points are given. 34) (6, -6) and (-7, -3) A) (-1, -9) B) (13, -3) C) (- 1 2, ) D) (13 2, ) Write the standard form of the equation of the circle with the given center and radius. 35) (7, 0); 7 A) x2 + (y - 7)2 = 7 B) x2 + (y + 7)2 = 7 C) (x + 7)2 + y2 = 49 D) (x - 7)2 + y2 = 49

6 Find the center and the radius of the circle. 36) (x + 2)2 + (y - 3)2 = 49 A) (-2, 3), r = 7 B) (-3, 2), r = 49 C) (2, -3), r = 49 D) (3, -2), r = 7 Complete the square and write the equation in standard form. Then give the center and radius of the circle. 37) x2 + y2-18x + 4y + 85 = 9 A) (x - 9)2 + (y + 2)2 = 9 (-9, 2), r = 9 C) (x + 2)2 + (y - 9)2 = 9 (2, -9), r = 9 B) (x + 2)2 + (y - 9)2 = 9 (-2, 9), r = 3 D) (x - 9)2 + (y + 2)2 = 9 (9, -2), r = 3 Graph the circle. 38) (x - 1)2 + (y - 3)2 = 36 A) B) C) D)

7 Find the coordinates of the vertex for the parabola defined by the given quadratic function. 39) f(x) = (x + 3)2-5 A) (3, 5) B) (-3, -5) C) (3, -5) D) (-3, 5) 40) f(x) = x2-2x - 4 A) (-2, 4) B) (1, -7) C) (-1, -1) D) (1, -5) Find the axis of symmetry of the parabola defined by the given quadratic function. 41) f(x) = (x + 2)2 + 7 A) y = 7 B) x = 2 C) x = -2 D) y = -7 Find the range of the quadratic function. 42) f(x) = (x + 2)2 + 8 A) [-8, ) B) [8, ) C) [-2, ) D) [2, ) Find the x-intercepts (if any) for the graph of the quadratic function. 43) f(x) = x2 + 12x + 15 Give your answers in exact form. A) (6 + 21, 0) B) (-6 ± 21, 0) C) (-12 ± 15, 0) D) (6 ± 15, 0) Divide using long division. 44) 4m m2-42m + 49 m + 7 A) m2 + 7m + 4 B) 4m2 + 7m + 7 C) 4m2-7m + 7 D) m2 + 8m ) x x - 2 A) x3-2x2 + 4x x - 2 B) x3 + 2x2 + 4x x - 2 C) x3 + 2x2 + 4x + 8 D) x3 + 2x2 + 4x x - 2 Solve the inequality by the test-point method. Write the solution in interval notation. 46) x2-3x - 18 < 0 A) (-3, 6) B) (-, -3) C) (-, -3) (6, ) D) (6, ) Solve the rational inequality. Write the solution in interval notation. x 47) x - 4 < 3 A) (-4, 4) B) 4, 6 C) (-, 4) 6, D)

8 Use the compound interest formulas to solve. 48) Find the accumulated value of an investment of \$6000 at 4% compounded semiannually for 8 years. A) \$ B) \$ C) \$ D) \$ ) Find the accumulated value of an investment of \$2000 at 8% compounded continuously for 4 years. A) \$ B) \$ C) \$ D) \$ ) Find out how long it takes a \$3000 investment to double if it is invested at 7% compounded monthly. Round to the nearest tenth of a year. A) 10.1 years B) 9.9 years C) 10.3 years D) 9.7 years Graph the function. 51) Use the graph of f(x) = 2x to obtain the graph of g(x) = 2x - 3. A) B) C) D)

9 Solve the equation by expressing each side as a power of the same base and then equating exponents. 52) 2(3x + 5) = 1 16 A) {3} B) 1 8 C) {8} D) {-3} Write the equation in its equivalent exponential form. 53) log 2 4 = x A) 2x = 4 B) x2 = 4 C) 42 = x D) 4x = 2 Write the equation in its equivalent logarithmic form. 54) 43 = y A) log 4 = 3 y B) log y = 3 4 C) log y = 4 3 D) log 3 = 4 y The graph of a logarithmic function is given. Select the function for the graph from the options. 55) A) f(x) = log 4 x B) f(x) = 1 - log 4 x C) f(x) = log 4 (-x) D) f(x) = - log 4 x Find the domain of the logarithmic function. 56) f(x) = log 3 (x - 8) A) (8, ) B) (-8, ) C) (-, 8) or (8, ) D) (-, 0) or (0, ) Evaluate the expression. 57) log A) 12 B) 3 C) -3 D) 1 3 Evaluate the expression without using a calculator. 58) log A) 1 B) 1 12 C) 12 D) 0

10 Use properties of logarithms to expand the logarithmic expression as much as possible. Where possible, evaluate logarithmic expressions. 59) log 7 (7x) A) 1 B) 7 C) 1 + log 7 x D) x Use properties of logarithms to expand the logarithmic expression as much as possible. Where possible, evaluate logarithmic expressions without using a calculator. 60) log x 10 A) log x + 1 B) 10x C) -10x D) log x - 1 Use properties of logarithms to expand the logarithmic expression as much as possible. Where possible, evaluate logarithmic expressions. 61) log w 13x 2 A) log w 13x - log w 2 B) log w 13 + log w x - log w 2 C) log w 13 + log w x + log w 2 D) log w 11x Use common logarithms or natural logarithms and a calculator to evaluate to four decimal places 62) log A) B) C) D) Solve the exponential equation. Express the solution set in terms of natural logarithms. 63) 5 x + 6 = 3 A) {ln 3 - ln 5 - ln 6} B) ln 5 ln C) ln 5 ln 3 + ln 6 D) ln 3 ln ) e x + 7 = 5 A) {ln 12} B) {ln 5-7} C) {e35} D) {e5 + 7} Solve the logarithmic equation. Be sure to reject any value that is not in the domain of the original logarithmic expressions. Give the exact answer. 65) log 5 (x + 3) = 3 A) {246} B) {122} C) {240} D) {128} 66) log 2 x + log 2 (x - 3) = 2 A) {4} B) {2} C) {-1, 4} D) {1, -4} 67) log (x + 5) = log (5x - 4) 9 A) 4 B) 1 4 C) D) 3 2

11 Solve the system of equations by the substitution method. 68) y = 4x - 3 2y + 8x = 26 A) {(5, 2)} B) {(-2, 5)} C) {(2, 5)} D) Solve the system by the elimination by addition method. 69) 7x + 8y = -19 4x - 3y = -26 A) {(-5, 3)} B) {(-5, 2)} C) {(-6, 3)} D) Solve the system by the method of your choice. 70) y = 18-6x 6x + y = 54 A) {(12, 6)} B) {(10, 12)} C) {(x, y) 6x + y = 18} D) Solve the system of equations. 71) x + y + z = 2 x - y + 2z = -3 2x + y + z = 0 A) {(1, -2, 3)} B) {(1, 3, -2)} C) {(3, -2, 1)} D) {(-2, 3, 1)} Solve the problem. 72) A vendor sells hot dogs, bags of potato chips, and soft drinks. A customer buys 5 hot dogs, 4 bags of potato chips, and 5 soft drinks for \$ The price of a hot dog is \$1.25 more than the price of a bag of potato chips. The cost of a soft drink is \$2.25 less than the price of two hot dogs. Find the cost of each item. A) \$2.00 for a hot dog; \$0.75 for a bag of potato chips; \$1.25 for a soft drink B) \$1.75 for a hot dog; \$0.50 for a bag of potato chips; \$1.25 for a soft drink C) \$0.50 for a hot dog; \$1.75 for a bag of potato chips; \$1.25 for a soft drink D) \$1.75 for a hot dog; \$1.25 for a bag of potato chips; \$0.50 for a soft drink 73) The Family Fine Arts Center charges \$21 per adult and \$15 per senior citizen for its performances. On a recent weekend evening when 525 people paid admission, the total receipts were \$8973. How many who paid were senior citizens? A) 342 senior citizens B) 273 senior citizens C) 183 senior citizens D) 252 senior citizens

12 Graph the inequality. 74) x - y > -4 A) B) C) D)

13 Graph the solution set of the system of inequalities or indicate that the system has no solution. 75) y < -x + 5 y > 2x - 3 A) B) C) D)

14

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