1 1 The Simulation Team Solutions for Logistics: Virtual Port for Training Agostino G. Bruzzone University of Genoa, Italy URL
2 2 Who Are We? Universities, Research Centers and Companies operating worldwide in synergy for developing Innovative Solutions with a particular focus in Modelling and Simulation Università di Genova Liophant Simulation CIREM Università di Cagliari MSC-LES CentraLabs Cagliari CSU Australia Genoa Mik Riga TU Università di Perugia DIPMEC Università Calabria LSIS Marseille SimCenter Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona Rio de Janeiro Brazil McLeod Institute of Technology & Interopeable Modeling Simulation Genoa IMS-LAPS Univ.Bordeaux
3 3 Simulation Team MITIM The Simulation Team - MITIM of Genoa University carries out many industrial projects in cooperation with the large corporations and Small and Medium sized Enterprises; some example of recent industrial simulation project are following: ENI Fleet Management Planning & Scheduling Group Chemical Plant Logistics Optimization Ansaldo LAMCE Petrobras EDA Cetena Fincantieri Plant Service Management and Optimization Oil Platform Simulation and Augmented Reality Decision Support for Country Reconstruction Activity Planning Simulation for Life Cycle Assessment of New Vessels Members of MISS are appointed in several positions in simulation community such as: General Director M&S Net (34 M&S Centers Worldwide) President Simulation Team (20 Centers Worldwide Associate Vice President of SCS and Chairman of Technical Chapter Member of NATO SAS, MSG, and NIAG
4 4 Mobile Training Simulation have great potential in many applicative areas therefore currently there is a growing need for developing Mobile Training Simulation Solutions there are three ways that learning can be considered mobile: in term of space, in different areas of life and with respect of time Vavoula and Sharples
5 5 Potential of Simulation for Mobile Training Simulation represent a very powerful Technology Enabler for Mobile Training considering: Simulation create Virtual Worlds where it is possible to interact Simulation can be distributed and/or moved Model can be reused and adapted to different scenarios Simulation is maintainable along time
6 6 Mobile Training Critical Issues Effective Design of mobile training requires attention on: Device: is important to assess usability, mobility and reusability Trainee: trainee s abilities, knowledge, motivations are critical Social aspect: social interaction and cooperation have to be considered in reference to exchanges, learning process and knowledge management Aspects on Devices Social Aspects Trainee Aspects
7 7 Quick Re Deployable Simulator In order to be effective mobile training requires to be quickly re deployable. It is fundamental to approach the following issues: Easy Packaging Modular Configuration Compact Solutions Maintainable Components Support for WorldWide Operations
8 8 Some Example of Mobile Training Opportunities Distributed Virtual Environment
9 9 Mobility in Common Frameworks Seaports concentrated in developing simulation models to support Security in Ports in term of Risk Assessment, Training, Security Solution Analysis, etc. The initiative is modeling ports, terminals, operative procedures, regulations & policies. The model was successfully applied to evaluate the impact of ISPS, MTSA and SCI evolution in large container terminals. A demonstrator for educational purpose is available on:
10 10 Mobility through Reusable Models & Distributed Features Katrina Like is a Joint Venture for Demonstrating and Educating on a National Crisis by simulating a Wide Emergency. The Katrina Like Project Successful demonstrated the Simulation of an Hurricane Impact on the transportation layer of Louisiana State considering traffic, cargo, air, sea and evacuation activities. State Definition Regular Activities Hurricane Simulation GIS Integration Overall Simulation Evacuation P&P
11 11 Ibis Redibis Non Morieris in Bello Mobility through Modularity, Sibilla born from a traditional Board Game for Managers and evolved as Web MultiPlayer Game for Intelligence Training. Sibilla was create with a Core DBase Server that allows to change quickly the story and context. From Sibilla it was generated Cumana a multiplayer business games for Executives.
12 12 Mobility through Innovation & Interoperability CAPRICORN and PIOVRA are an examples of Projects that introduced in Constructive Simulation for Training new aspects thanks to the development of Interoperable Innovative Intelligent Agents able to direct new entities (i.e. Warlords, Populations, Police, etc.) able to create the new scenarios and special operations (i.e. CIMIC)
13 13 Virtual Simulation In Simulation it is critical the Development of Virtual Simulation, here special attention is dedicated to Driving Vehicles and Equipment within Logistics Environment. These Virtual Simulation have been extensively used in Training Session for Professional Operators (trucks, inter-modal cranes, port cranes, etc.) The new solutions are real-time distributed simulation based on High Level Architecture allowing composibility, modular approach and cooperative/competitive exercising
14 14 ST_PT & ST_RS Simulators Shelter & Facilities ST_PT Crane Sim ST_PT Truck Sim This new generation of simulator is mobile, real-time, scalable and interoperable and compliant with state of art technology and standards
15 15 Atout in Virtual Port Simulation Training & R&D Cave H270 V130 Containerized Fully Integrated Interactive Aula On-Line Action Review HLA Federation Full Motion, Sound & Vibrations Real-Time Distributed Simulation Bio-measures Integrated in Simulation Strong VV&A Simplified Secondary Scalable Solutions Simulators
16 16 ST_VP: Virtual Port Simulation The ST-VP is the ultimate Port Crane Simulator developed by Simulation Team and includes all the different crane types and New Solutions for Operator Training, Safety and Security, Procedure Definition, Equipment Design and Virtual Prototyping ST-VP is fully containerized real-time distributed HLA Simulator reproducing Port Operations. ST-VP is integrated in a 40 High Cube Container ready to be used on site immediately after arrival. ST-VP Simulator allows to operate all the different Port Cranes in a Virtual World by an immersive Cave (270 Horizontal and 150 Vertical), reproducing Sounds, Vibrations, Motion in all weather conditions ST-VP includes a Full-Scope Simulation for Training Operations & Procedures, an Integrated Class Room, the Instructor Debriefing Room, and secondary Interoperable Simulators of all the Port Cranes and a Biomedical Module for Safety, Ergonomic and Posture Enhancement. ST-VP World is customizable for each Port, Crane & Procedure and Equipment.
17 17 Port Crane Simulation The innovation in Port Crane Simulator (i.e. ST_VP by Simulation Team) is related to the capability to develop New Solutions supporting both Operator Training, Procedure Definition, Equipment Design & Virtual Prototyping ST-PT is fully containerized real-time distributed HLA Simulator reproducing Port Operations. ST-PT is integrated in a 40 High Cube Container ready to be used on site immediately after arrival. ST-PT Simulator allows to operate Port Cranes in a Virtual World by an immersive Cave (270 Horizontal and 130 Vertical), reproducing Sounds, Vibrations and Motion. ST-PT includes a Full-Scope Simulation for Training Crane Operations & Procedures, an Integrated Class Room, the Instructor Debriefing Room, and secondary Interoperable Simulators of Trucks and Other Cranes, Biomedical Module for Ergonomic and Posture Enhancement. ST-PT World is tailorable for each Port, Crane & Procedure and Equipment.
18 18 Truck Simulation The ST_RS is an Innovative Interoperable Truck Simulator fully integrated with ST_PT and Virtual Port; it provides opportunities for Training, Operative Planning and Terminal Procedure Redesign and Re-Engineering ST-RS is fully containerized real-time distributed HLA Truck Simulator with Port & Inland Terminal and External Scenarios. ST-RT is integrated in a 40 High Cube Container ready to be used on site immediately after arrival. ST-RS Simulator allows to operate Trucks in Terminal and over External Roads within a Virtual World by an immersive Cave (270 Horizontal and 130 Vertical), reproducing Sounds, Vibrations and Motion. ST-RS includes a Full-Scope Simulation for Training Truck Driving, Logistics Procedures, an Integrated Class Room, the Instructor Debriefing Room, and secondary Interoperable Simulators of Different Cranes Cranes, Biomedical Module for Ergonomic and Stress Level Enhancement. ST-RS World is tailorable for each Terminal Scenario, Truck, Procedure and Equipment.
19 19 Training on Virtual Simulation The Simulators developed by Simulation Team are an important support in Training both Operative Resources and Decision Makers. The Interoperability of our simulators emphasize in addition to traditional stand-alone training in Operating, even Concurrent Cooperative Training in Operations and Policies; Simulation Team collect long experience in Professional and Executive Training.
20 20 Placra Platform Crew Analyser The Placra model was developed in order to reproduce the crew activities on Oil Platforms. Placra simulates crew activities
23 23 Sample of Federated Objects: Marine Environment SHIPS (CGF) THREATS (CGF) PILOTS, TAG MOORING VIRTUAL YARD CONTROL AUV/UAV RTI LOGISTIC NETWORK CUSTOM OPERATIONS POLICE and SECURITY ENVIRONMENT IMPACT INTELLIGENCE
24 24 Live Virtual & Constructive Interoperable Solutions (1/2)
25 25 Live Virtual & Constructive Interoperable Solutions (2/2)
26 26 Innovation in Logistics Training The innovative aspect of this research resides above all in the set of fatigue curves obtained using innovative techniques (flicker and flicker fusion frequencies, skin temperature and conductance), for the purpose of evaluating the objective psycho-physical stress of a crane operator during execution of his tasks. When processing the curves, the data can be validated also using a combination of traditional techniques, such as cardiac frequency and blood pressure monitoring. Evaluation of fusion frequency is based on the fact that owing to fatigue, human visual perception of an image passes from the perception of light flicker to that of constant light at the critical flicker fusion threshold. In addition, based on historical data of crane operators at the Port of Cagliari regarding performance, the information obtained from different sources (instruments and questionnaires) could be integrated to further verify, by means of assessment tests on the crane operators themselves, the objective validity of the FLIM as a measure of the level of fatigue. `
27 27 Modularity & Flexibility
28 28 Mobile Training Use The use of mobile training requires to define properly procedures for using them effectively in order to obtain benefits in different contexts.
29 29 Performance of a Flexible Mobile Training Systems The definition of a Performance Metrics it is fundamental to quantify the benefits obtainable by the innovative simulation approach: T N tot ports 1 1 uc P T tot n s T tr n p T tvi T tri n T s st T tr T ta n T p T tri sh Ex T tr rcr 1 n p vcr pu C tot 1 T Is tot 1 Arcr lc 1 T Avcr tot Is C st Arcr C lc ta C sh
30 30 An Example Comparing Alternative Solution As example is proposed a comparison among different solutions for Port Training: Mobile Training based on Interoperable Simulation Traditional Mobile Pack with Crane Simulator Traditional Containerized Crane Simulator Fixed Solution for Crane Simulator Traditional Training on a Real Crane
31 Direct Training Experience [hours] Costs [Euro/Site] Some Example on Costs/Benefits Comparison on Scenario with Tailoring 350, , , , , , ,000 0 Mobile Training Containerized Simulator Pack Simulator Fixed Simulation Real Crane - Including Tailoring Excluding Tailoring
32 Improving Crane Ergonomics
33 Posture and Open Issues for Gantry Cranes and their Operators
34 Container Handled [Container/hour] Container Handled [Container/hour] Performance Evolution over Time st Working Time Shift [01:00am -07:00am] 2 nd Working Time Shift [07:00am -1:00pm] Time [h] Time [h] 3 rd Working Time Shift [01:00pm -7:00pm] Container Handled [Container/hour] Container Handled [Container/hour] Time [h] Time [h] 4 th Working Time Shift [07:00pm -1:00am] CICT crane operators performan ce curves along the four time shifts are characteris ed by parabolic trend (September 2007)
37 Biomedical Devices ST_VP simulator could be equipped with the following instruments: Eye tracker: a device for studying the vision process by recording those points the operator s eyes look at during execution of a task, subsequently distinguishing between objects regarded as distractor signals and those considered receptor signals. Dynamic ECG (Holter): device for monitoring cardiac frequency; Flicker Fusion Unit (FLIM): objective test for analysing flicker and flicker fusion frequency, that enables to evaluate central-nervous system arousal and assess level of performance (memory, alertness, reaction time); Blood Pressure Monitor (ABPM, Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitoring): device for measuring arterial blood pressure; Digital EEG: device for measuring psycho-physical stress parameter; EMG: test for evaluating muscle tone. Under conditions of psycho-physical stress caused by the complexity of the operator s tasks, these electromedical devices measure the significant parameters associated with the onset of fatigue in relation both to the degree of alertness required to avoid errors, and to the exposure to strain and vibrations reproduced by the motion platform.
38 38 Virtual Security Assessment and Training VISAT (Virtual Security Assesment and Training) allows to Simulate Security Issues in Complex Framework such as that one related to Port Environments. VISAT includes Constructive Sim of organizations and layouts as well as Synthetic Environment for Virtual Sim supporting Distributed Cooperative Training among different Actors (i.e. Port Authority, Coast Guard, Custom Resources, Terminal Operators, Public Urban Authorities) within different Scenarios
39 39 Port/Terminal Security Simulation Simulation Team is active in Modelling & Simulation for Guaranteeing Security in Maritime Environment especially in reference to Ports and Terminals A major goal in this context it is to create solutions that support the Definition of operative and training procedures for security and safety harbours operations with strong emphasis on common standards and multi user framework
40 BALI Bay Advanced Logistics Integrator Planner Truck Driver BALI is a web solution for planning the access of trucks to docking bays in order to consider planning, use coefficients, workloads, management of new time slots and different kind of goods. By this approach it is possible to obtain significant benefits in term of reduction the waiting time of trucks and optimize the workload BALI Transportation Company Supplier Wholesaler Manufacturer Warehouse Administrator Manager 40
41 41 Module GreenLog Crane based on GreenLog GreenLog Crane is a specific Simulation Model devoted to analyze the Environmental Impact of Cranes and Handling Devices considering Operative Costs and Environmental Impact GreenLog Crane model the environmental impact and costs related by innovative solutions in term of power saving, oil spill reductions, better safety procedures and higher performances
42 42 Green Simulation Simulation Team developed GreenLog Simulator for Analyzing Production, Logistics and Supply Chain. GreenLog is a Web Based Simulation Engine devoted to evaluate Costs and Environmental Impacts of Productive, Logistics and Transportation Elements of the Supply Chain and Specific Modules have been developed for focusing on specific aspects: GreenLog Port GreenLog Ship GreenLog Crane GreenLog Warehouse
43 43 GreenLog Simulator Features User-friendly GUI (Graphic User Interface): GreenLog simulator is implemented in Java and is currently active on our servers. Environmental Impacts visualization in graphical and numerical terms
44 44 GreenLog Ship GreenLog Ship is a specific Simulation Module devoted to analyze the Environmental Impact of the Ship for supporting monitoring, alternative evaluation, saving and benefits from different solution in use, handling, operating as well as in Ship Design GreenLog Ship Includes Air Emission, Consumption, Ship Paints, Garbage/Waste Disposal, Noise, Ship Discharges, Hazardous Cargo, Spills
45 45 GreenLog Port GreenLog Port is a specific Simulation Module devoted to support estimation of Environmental Impact in Ports Garbage & Port Waste Dredging Dust Noise Ship Air Emissions Air Quality Hazardous cargo Bunkering Port development Ship Discharge
46 46 Port Simulation Scenario
47 47 Environmental Impacts Graphical Visualization For each Logistics Link EIs are visualized
48 48 MARLON MARitime LOgistic Network Current Flows Management Analysis; Alternative Scenarios Analysis; Evaluation of Ship Costs: Navigation Fuel Port Fuel Ship Daily Costs Extra Costs Total Costs per Mission Total Fleet Costs Evaluation of Sites Costs for overstock and Stockout occurrences; Implemented in C++ Data have been modified due to their confidential Nature
49 49 Objects: Path & Flows Paths ID Path Element Name Coordinates Flows ID Flow Flow NAme ID Product ID Departure Port ID Arrival Port Quantity (t/week) Data have been modified due to their confidential Nature
50 50 Simulator s Interoperability Feature One of the innovative features of the simulator is its interoperability. It is possible to use this characteristic during: Meetings for tactical and strategic decisions on logistics and production (investments and budget) Videoconference to evaluate critical operations and scheduling decisions. Testing MARLON Simulator through Smartboards in different labs Data have been modified due to their confidential Nature It also allows to put in contact logistics with production and make their integration in the company s context easier.
51 51 Interactivity and Integration with GIS MARLON dynamically shows: Ships Ports Sites Flows Paths MARLON is integrated with Google Earth APIs Data have been modified due to their confidential Nature GIS Geographic Information System
52 52 Summarizing The final goal is to develop applications that can easily be managed and diffused Simulation based on modern technologies and up-to-date methodologies is able to support effectively several applications such as: Training, Design of New Solutions, Analysis and Decision Support.
53 53 Thank You
54 54 DIPTEM References DIPTEM University of Genoa via Opera Pia Genova, Italy Agostino G. Bruzzone Simulation Team Marina Massei
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