Maritime Domain Awareness: Mapping, Tracking, and Visualization

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1 Maritime Domain Awareness: Mapping, Tracking, and Visualization Authorized Distributor for: COM DEV USA and exactearth Ltd Proprietary

2 What is Maritime Domain Awareness? Maritime Domain: All areas and things of, on, under, relating to, adjacent to, or bordering on a sea, ocean, or other navigable waterway, including all maritime related activities, infrastructure, people, cargo, and vessels and other conveyances. Maritime Domain Awareness (MDA): The effective understanding of anything associated with the global maritime domain that could impact the security, safety, economy or environment of a nation. References NSPD-41: National Maritime Security Policy (21 Dec 04) HSPD-13: National Strategy for Maritime Security (Sep 05) 2 National Strategy to Achieve Maritime Domain Awareness (Oct 05)

3 Why is MDA Important? Maritime Domain Awareness is a component of and key enabler for Maritime Security. Maritime Security (MARSEC): The condition in which a nation s sovereignty, interests, resources, and citizens and their property in the maritime domain are protected, and able to recover rapidly from threats including but not limited to terrorism, weapons proliferation, transnational crime, piracy, environmental destruction, and illegal seaborne immigration. 3

4 Who Is Responsible for MDA? Four Executive Agents for MDA in the U.S. Government DHS US Coast Guard DOD -- US Navy Maritime Domain Awareness National Maritime Intelligence Center DOT - MARAD 4

5 Who Is Responsible for MDA? Many Other Stakeholder and Actors (Not Exhaustive ) COCOMS Defense Industry Coalition Partners The Maritime Industry Maritime Domain Awareness Port Authorities The IC Other Federal Agencies State and Local Governments 5

6 Presenting Today Chan Smith COM DEV USA (Defense Industry) Mark Guzman C3F MDA SME, Third Fleet, US Navy Rodney Jacques US Navy Fleet Weather Center John Stastny SPAWAR Systems Center Pacific 6

7 What is the Role of Mapping, Tracking, and Visualization? The Maritime Domain: Natural Environment BioGeoChemical Systems Marine Ecosystems Weather and Climate Systems Human Environment Infrastructure Economic Systems Geopolitical Systems People Static and Dynamic Attributes 2D, 3D and 4D Modeling and Visualization Remote Sensing and GIS as Key Tools for MDA 7

8 ExactAIS System Global Remote Sensing of Vessels Satellite Constellation Five satellites in orbit now Three additional Satellite launches Earth Stations 9 Available Earth Stations Encrypted transfer to Data Center Data Center Located in highly secure facility in Canada Signals processed into AIS messages and converted to deliverable formats Customer Delivery Industry standard formats such as NMEA, OTH-Gold KML, or XML Encrypted data streaming or file transfer Value added services available End-to-End Solution for Increased Maritime Domain Awareness 8

9 Remote Sensing: AIS Messages Detected from Space IMO mandated Collision Avoidance and Traffic Management System Installed on more than 60,000 vessels provides vessel ID, position, course and speed LOCAL CELL Typical satellite field of view is 3000 miles across Source: USCG Navigation Center Many AIS cells in field of view; exactearth resolves message interference 9

10 exactais Providing Valuable MDA Data to Maritime Authorities Five Current Commercial AIS Satellites Projects Underway With the U.S. Navy & U.S. Coast Guard Including two with SPAWAR (John Stastny) Agreements in Place With Other Governments: South Africa, Japan, Singapore, Chile, Canada, Australia Three Additional full time polar orbiting satellites launching between Fall 2011 and end of 2012 Current Performance: 40,000 45,000 vessels detected daily; permits tracking and reconstruction of past movement Fully compatible with ESRI Arc suite of products, including Tracking Server (ESRI Business Partner) 10

11 Examples Examples of AIS Applications: Marine Protected Environments Vessel Tracking Search & Rescue Oil Spill Response Southeastern Region Inland Waterways Piracy Illegal Unreported and Unregulated (IUU)Fishing 11

12 More on Illegal Unreported and Unregulated (IUU)Fishing Geographic Area of Interest: Cape Verde EEZ plus 200 NM Buffer Data As of January 31, 2011 MMSI Numbers Displayed for Each Vessel; Other Data Available from Our Archives, Such as Ship Name, Flag, Etc. 12

13 13 All Vessels In the Cape Verde Region

14 14 All Vessels in EEZ Plus 200 NM Buffer

15 15 All Foreign Vessels

16 16 All Foreign Fishing Vessels

17 Movements of Foreign Fishing Vessels for the 4 Days Prior to January 31, 2011 One Foreign Fishing Vessel Persistently Observed In EEZ 17

18 exactais - Fusion with Radar & Other Remote Sensing Data MMSI: Name: Peregrine Falcon MMSI: Name: Seaborne Falcon MMSI: Name: Maltese Falcon MMSI: Name: Millenium Falcon MMSI: UNKNOWN Name: UNKNOWN Copyright Canadian Space Agency and MDA AIS Ship Identification Data 18 Radar Imagery Merges data streams Provides identification information MMSI, IMO, name and type Positional Validation Cross reference with radar position Navigational data Course and speed Facilitates identification of ships of interest

19 exactais Summary Advanced Satellite AIS Detection Technology Commercial Open Source Data - Unclassified exactais Service Available 5 Satellites now, 6 By End of 2011, 8 by end of 2012 Compatible with ESRI Suite of Tools Powerful Data Base Manipulation, Mapping, Tracking and Visualization Capabilities Historical Archives Being Built up Will Eventually Cover 10 years Support for Maritime Domain Awareness Maritime Security 19

20 Follow Up Please contact Chan Smith, , or with questions or comments 20

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