Table of Contents. Part 1: Climate Graphs Activity Part 2: Texas Climate Handout

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Table of Contents. Part 1: Climate Graphs Activity Part 2: Texas Climate Handout"

Transcription

1 Table of Contents Part 1: Climate Graphs Activity Part 2: Texas Climate Handout Maps for transparencies: a. Texas Average Annual Temperature b. Texas Average Annual Precipitation c. Texas Climate Regions Base Map: Major Cities in Texas

2 Activity 1 CLIMATE GRAPHS AND CLIMATE REGIONS OF TEXAS Background: Climate graphs (sometimes called climagraphs) summarize many kinds of environmental conditions. Geographers, and others, use climate graphs to understand climate and phenomena that rely upon climate such as vegetation. Climate graphs provide clues to weather conditions in particular places. They can help answer questions such as: How much does it rain and/or snow? What time of the year is wet/dry? What kind of vegetation can grow? (Trees grow naturally in wetter places; grasses are the rule if precipitation supply and demand are nearly the same; desert plants survive if temperatures are high when there is little rain), What months see a moisture deficit and requires people to store water and irrigate? What months show a moisture surplus, rivers form, and flood prevention may be necessary? Objective: Your objectives are 1) to be able to summarize some basic principles of Texas climate, 2) to be able to describe the characteristics of the climates of Texas, and 3) to be able to identify and explain the factors which shape patterns of climate in Texas. Assignment: The National Weather Service has divided Texas into ten divisions, regions of similar geography and climate (see the accompanying map). Data on the average monthly temperature (degrees F) and precipitation (inches) for each climate division is provided. Your task is to: 1. Make a climate graph for each set of data. Ten climate graphs are provided. You may choose to do this on a computer or use graph paper. 2. Match the climate graph to the correct climate division using deductive reasoning. Label each climate graph by division name. Hint: Calculate the total precipitation and the average annual temperature for each region to help the decision making process. 3. Below each climate graph write 2-3 sentences explaining your deduction. What was your reasoning in making your selection? Be sure to use the factors listed below in your reasoning process, that is, latitude, continentality, seasonality, and quantity. Two additional factors may help you to make your decision: vegetation and elevation.

3 Hints: To make a climate graph, plot the data on precipitation as a bar graph; plot temperature as a line graph. An example is shown below: Climagraph, Moline Illinois J M M J S N PPT Temp Factors Which Influence Climate Here are some questions to ask yourself to help match places with the climate graphs. Be sure to use these factors in the explanation of your deductive process. Latitude. Looking at the temperature curve and the average temperature (Calculate and enter on the data table below), check the distance from the equator. Warmer temperatures in the winter mean a location closer to the equator. Continentality. Water is slow to heat up and slow to cool down; land cools and heats quickly. Places that are close to water will be moderated by its effects. Thus, temperatures at the beach are cooler in the summer and warmer in the winter. The "maritime" effect decreases with distance away from the coast. Locations far inland have more extreme temperatures: hot summers, cold winters. Quantity. How much precipitation falls? What is the general trend east to west in Texas concerning precipitation? What is the general trend from north to south? Seasonality. When does the climate division receive its precipitation? Remember, it rains for three reasons: orographic ppt (because of mountains), convection ppt (e.g., afternoon thunderstorms), and frontal ppt (e.g. Northers, hurricanes). Watch the Weather Channel for a while to get the hang of this. Elevation. Higher places are cooler and more moist than places lower in elevation. Vegetation. What kind of plants grow in each climate division? Forests need rain, grasses survive on half as much rain as trees, deserts even less. Apply what you know about vegetation to help decide climate patterns. But remember, vegetation is an EFFECT of a climate, not the CAUSE of it.

4 CLIMATIC DATA FOR TEN PLACES, TEXAS, 1996 Data 1 J F M A M J J A S O N D Total PPT / Average Temp. Temperature Precipitation Data 2 Temperature Precipitation Data 3 Temperature Precipitation Data 4 Temperature Precipitation Data 5 Temperature Precipitation Data 6 Temperature Precipitation Data 7 Temperature Precipitation Data 8 Temperature Precipitation Data 9 Temperature Precipitation Data 10 Temperature Precipitation Weather Highlights, 1996 Late February: unseasonably high temperatures over entire state Early April: blizzard in Midland, Abilene May-June: Drought conditions state wide with record breaking heat and extremely low ppt. Heat causes evaporation to eat away at available water supplies water supplies not replenished by rainfall because of extremely dry conditions. Late August: Hurricane Dolly hits Tampico, MX and significantly affects TX weather with much needed ppt almost state wide.

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18 Name: Period: Date: Texas Climate Instructions: For this activity you will be using maps of Texas average annual precipitation and Texas average annual temperature to determine climate regions. Prediction: 1. Look at the outline map of Texas titled Major Cities in Texas. What city do you think has the coldest average annual temperatures? What city do you think has the warmest average annual temperatures? What city do you think has the highest amount of precipitation? What city do you think has the lowest amount of precipitation? Comparison: Get the transparencies with the titles Texas Average Annual Temperature and Texas Average Annual Precipitation from your teacher. 2. Place the Texas Average Annual Temperature map over the Major Cities map. Look at the overall temperature patterns. Describe the pattern you see. 1

19 3. Rank the cities from the highest temperature to lowest temperature. City Abilene Ranking Temperature: Highest to Lowest Amarillo Austin College Station Dallas/Ft.Worth Eagle Pass El Paso Galveston Houston Longview San Angelo San Antonio 4. Of the factors affecting temperature listed in your book, which do you think has the most influence in Texas: latitude, altitude, distance from large bodies of water, or ocean currents? Why? 5. Now look at the overall precipitation patterns by placing the Texas Average Annual Precipitation map over the Major Cities map.. Describe the pattern you see. 2

20 6. Rank the cities from the highest precipitation to lowest precipitation. City Abilene Ranking Precipitation: Highest to Lowest Amarillo Austin College Station Dallas/Ft.Worth Eagle Pass El Paso Galveston Houston Longview San Angelo San Antonio 7. Of the factors affecting precipitation listed in your book, which do you think has the most influence in Texas: prevailing winds or mountain ranges? Why? Overlay: Place the Texas Average Annual Temperature map over the Major Cities in Texas map. Then place the Texas Average Annual Rainfall map over those. 8. What relationship do you see between the patterns? 3

21 Climate Region Delineation: Overlay the Texas Climate Regions map with the Major Cities Map. 9. What Climate Region do each of the cities fall in? City Climate Region Abilene Amarillo Austin College Station Dallas/Ft.Worth Eagle Pass El Paso Galveston Houston Longview San Angelo San Antonio 10. Now return to the Climate Graphs you created in class. Use the information you have just discovered to assign the name of the Climate Region to each Climate Graph. Analysis: Based on what you ve learned in class and this assignment answer the following questions. 11. What type of weather would you expect Austin to have if it was in a valley? 12. If there was a mountain range between Houston and College Station, what weather changes would you expect in College Station? 4

22

23

24

25

CGC1D1: Interactions in the Physical Environment Factors that Affect Climate

CGC1D1: Interactions in the Physical Environment Factors that Affect Climate Name: Date: Day/Period: CGC1D1: Interactions in the Physical Environment Factors that Affect Climate Chapter 12 in the Making Connections textbook deals with Climate Connections. Use pages 127-144 to fill

More information

Weather and climate. in rainforests every day in Scotland in winter in rainforests once a month in Scotland in summer (c) Frontal rainfall occurs.

Weather and climate. in rainforests every day in Scotland in winter in rainforests once a month in Scotland in summer (c) Frontal rainfall occurs. Weather and climate Which option best completes each of the following sentences? (a) Relief rainfall occurs. () in mountainous areas in desert areas in the east of England in rainforests (b) Convectional

More information

Key Idea 1: Weather and Climate

Key Idea 1: Weather and Climate Key Idea 1: Weather and Climate 1.1 What physical factors lead to variations in climate in different regions of the world Weather Climate The day to day changes in the atmosphere. It is constantly changing.

More information

Section 3 What Is Climate?

Section 3 What Is Climate? Section 3 What Is Climate? Key Concept Earth s climate zones are caused by the distribution of heat around Earth s surface by wind and ocean currents. What You Will Learn Climate is the average weather

More information

6. Base your answer to the following question on the graph below, which shows the average monthly temperature of two cities A and B.

6. Base your answer to the following question on the graph below, which shows the average monthly temperature of two cities A and B. 1. Which single factor generally has the greatest effect on the climate of an area on the Earth's surface? 1) the distance from the Equator 2) the extent of vegetative cover 3) the degrees of longitude

More information

What Causes Climate? Use Target Reading Skills

What Causes Climate? Use Target Reading Skills Climate and Climate Change Name Date Class Climate and Climate Change Guided Reading and Study What Causes Climate? This section describes factors that determine climate, or the average weather conditions

More information

CLIMATE, WATER & LIVING PATTERNS THINGS

CLIMATE, WATER & LIVING PATTERNS THINGS CLIMATE, WATER & LIVING PATTERNS NAME THE SIX MAJOR CLIMATE REGIONS DESCRIBE EACH CLIMATE REGION TELL THE FIVE FACTORS THAT AFFECT CLIMATE EXPLAIN HOW THOSE FACTORS AFFECT CLIMATE DESCRIBE HOW CLIMATES

More information

Robert R. Gillies R. Douglas Ramsey

Robert R. Gillies R. Douglas Ramsey Climate of Utah Robert R. Gillies R. Douglas Ramsey Climate in Utah is greatly influenced by its location within the North American Continent with significant local modifications due to topography. Northern,

More information

Climates Climate Zones

Climates Climate Zones Climates Climate Zones Climates Climate Zones The Earth s surface is made up of many different climates. To help them organize it all, climatologists (scientists who study climates) have grouped climates

More information

The Climate Connection

The Climate Connection The Climate Connection Classroom Activity: 5-8 Time: One 60-minute class period Overview: This lesson introduces students to climate patterns associated with four major habitats worldwide. Students consider

More information

GEO 101: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY Chapter 10: Global Climate Systems

GEO 101: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY Chapter 10: Global Climate Systems GEO 101: PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY Chapter 10: Global Climate Systems Why does the climate differ from one place to another? What controls the global climate? What typical climate patterns do we have across the

More information

Lornshill Academy. Geography Department. National Revision. Physical Environments Weather

Lornshill Academy. Geography Department. National Revision. Physical Environments Weather Lornshill Academy Geography Department National Revision Physical Environments Weather Weather Revision Sheets What you need to know: 1. Factors that affect the weather: a) latitude; b) altitude; c) distance

More information

DESCRIBE CLIMATE? HOW DO WE

DESCRIBE CLIMATE? HOW DO WE HOW DO WE DESCRIBE CLIMATE? To describe climate, geographers start by gathering data about weather. Meteorologists, the scientists who study weather, supply the data by measuring weather conditions like

More information

Benchmark Study Guide S6E4 Weather Review. Name Date

Benchmark Study Guide S6E4 Weather Review. Name Date Benchmark Study Guide S6E4 Weather Review Name Date S6E4 Students will understand how the distribution of land and oceans affects climate and weather. a. Demonstrate that land and water absorb and lose

More information

Geography 13+ Revision Guide. Belinda Froud-Yannic. Covers the ISEB Common Entrance Geography syllabus

Geography 13+ Revision Guide. Belinda Froud-Yannic. Covers the ISEB Common Entrance Geography syllabus Geography FOR COMMON ENTRANCE 13+ Covers the ISEB Common Entrance Geography syllabus Revision Guide Belinda Froud-Yannic 2 Weather and climate You need to know how to draw this diagram. 4 The weather and

More information

8.5 Comparing Canadian Climates (Lab)

8.5 Comparing Canadian Climates (Lab) These 3 climate graphs and tables of data show average temperatures and precipitation for each month in Victoria, Winnipeg and Whitehorse: Figure 1.1 Month J F M A M J J A S O N D Year Precipitation 139

More information

defined largely by regional variations in climate

defined largely by regional variations in climate 1 Physical Environment: Climate and Biomes EVPP 110 Lecture Instructor: Dr. Largen Fall 2003 2 Climate and Biomes Ecosystem concept physical and biological components of environment are considered as single,

More information

Terrestrial Biomes: Deserts, Grasslands, and Forests

Terrestrial Biomes: Deserts, Grasslands, and Forests Terrestrial Biomes: Deserts, Grasslands, and Forests Name Period Teacher 1. Biomes are best described as: a. Regions that support animal life. b. Regions of characteristic vegetation. c. Regions with climates

More information

Weather and Climate 1-2 KEY CONCEPTS AND PROCESS SKILLS KEY VOCABULARY ACTIVITY OVERVIEW P R O B L E M S O LVI N G E-37

Weather and Climate 1-2 KEY CONCEPTS AND PROCESS SKILLS KEY VOCABULARY ACTIVITY OVERVIEW P R O B L E M S O LVI N G E-37 Weather and Climate 53 40- to 1-2 50-minute sessions ACTIVITY OVERVIEW P R O B L E M S O LVI N G Students use a literacy strategy known as a DART (directed activity related to text) to organize the information

More information

6.1 Climates and Biomes

6.1 Climates and Biomes CHAPTER 6 BIOMES 6.1 Climates and Biomes Imagine someone gave you an airplane ticket to travel to Africa to see Serengeti National Park in Tanzania. If you like adventures, you might say Great! When do

More information

Study Guide: Water Cycle & Humidity

Study Guide: Water Cycle & Humidity Earth Science Name Date Per. Study Guide: Water Cycle & Humidity 1. Explain the difference between Specific Humidity and Relative Humidity. Specific humidity refers to the actual amount of water vapor

More information

Summary Booklet Topic 8 Weather Patterns

Summary Booklet Topic 8 Weather Patterns Kingdom Schools Science Department Grade 5- Term 2 Name: Date: Section: Summary Booklet Topic 8 Weather Patterns Lesson 1 :How does Air move? Skill 8-1: Understand that air pressure is related to altitude,

More information

Southern AER Atmospheric Education Resource

Southern AER Atmospheric Education Resource Southern AER Atmospheric Education Resource Vol. 9 No. 5 Spring 2003 Editor: Lauren Bell In this issue: g Climate Creations exploring mother nature s remote control for weather and Climate. g Crazy Climate

More information

Weather and Climate. What is weather? What are some characteristics of weather? When we talk about weather, we mean the daily conditions in the

Weather and Climate. What is weather? What are some characteristics of weather? When we talk about weather, we mean the daily conditions in the Weather and Climate You re going on vacation in a week and you have to start thinking about what clothes you re going to pack for your trip. You ve read the weather reports for your vacation spot, but

More information

SUBTROPICAL ANTICYCLONES & ASSOCIATED WEATHER CONDITIONS 20 FEBRUARY 2014

SUBTROPICAL ANTICYCLONES & ASSOCIATED WEATHER CONDITIONS 20 FEBRUARY 2014 SUBTROPICAL ANTICYCLONES & ASSOCIATED WEATHER CONDITIONS 20 FEBRUARY 2014 In this lesson we: Lesson Description Discuss the THREE high pressure cells that affect South Africa: Location, identification,

More information

Weather and climate. reflect. what do you think? look out!

Weather and climate. reflect. what do you think? look out! reflect You re going on vacation in a week and you have to start thinking about what clothes you re going to pack for your trip. You ve read the weather reports for your vacation spot, but you know that

More information

Climates are described by the same conditions used to describe

Climates are described by the same conditions used to describe 58 The Causes of Climate R E A D I N G Climates are described by the same conditions used to describe weather, such as temperature, precipitation, and wind. You now know that oceans have an important effect

More information

2. The map below shows high-pressure and low-pressure weather systems in the United States.

2. The map below shows high-pressure and low-pressure weather systems in the United States. 1. Which weather instrument has most improved the accuracy of weather forecasts over the past 40 years? 1) thermometer 3) weather satellite 2) sling psychrometer 4) weather balloon 6. Wind velocity is

More information

But, could we force these clouds to create rain in the desert?

But, could we force these clouds to create rain in the desert? Clouds Exploration Phase How do clouds form? Above are fair weather cumulus (heaped/cotton ball) clouds. They do not form a single layer, as stratus clouds. They do not resemble wisps of hair, as cirrus.

More information

SECOND GRADE WEATHER

SECOND GRADE WEATHER SECOND GRADE WEATHER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES WATER CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SECOND GRADE WATER WEEK 1. PRE: Exploring the properties of water. LAB: Experimenting with different soap mixtures. POST:

More information

Geography 1001: Climate & Vegetation. Agenda for Lecture 11: T Oct 2 nd. Hydrologic Cycle Model. Review Lecture 9. Global Water Scarcity

Geography 1001: Climate & Vegetation. Agenda for Lecture 11: T Oct 2 nd. Hydrologic Cycle Model. Review Lecture 9. Global Water Scarcity Geography 1001: Climate & Vegetation Agenda for Lecture 11: T Oct 2 nd Logistics 1 st Exam in 9 days! Take advantage of my office hours Students with documented excuses, please email me this week Review

More information

water cycle (hydrologic cycle) precipitation infiltrate runoff evapotranspiration Infiltration

water cycle (hydrologic cycle) precipitation infiltrate runoff evapotranspiration Infiltration Regents Earth Science Unit 8 Climate Water Cycle Most of Earth s water was created by volcanic out-gassing when the Earth formed and by impacts by comets early in Earth s history this water has remained

More information

Holt Ch. 6 Biomes. Section 6.1 pg # 1-6

Holt Ch. 6 Biomes. Section 6.1 pg # 1-6 Holt Ch. 6 Biomes Section 6.1 pg 153-155 # 1-6 1. Describe how plants determine the name of a biome. Scientists name biomes after their vegetation because the plants that grow in an area determine what

More information

Source of Mountain Snowstorms. Storms on the East Slope of the Rockies

Source of Mountain Snowstorms. Storms on the East Slope of the Rockies Chapter 16: Mountain Snowstorms Source of Mountain Snowstorms Storms along the West Slope of the US Storms on the East Slope of the Rockies Annual Mean Snowfall East of the Rockies, except locally around

More information

How Can You Predict When Severe Weather Will Occur?

How Can You Predict When Severe Weather Will Occur? 4.7 Explain How Can You Predict When Severe Weather Will Occur? In this Learning Set, you have been exploring how winds and oceans affect weather and climate. You then used what you know to explain how

More information

S3: How Do Seasonal Temperature Patterns Vary Among Different Regions of the World?

S3: How Do Seasonal Temperature Patterns Vary Among Different Regions of the World? S3: How Do Seasonal Temperature Patterns Vary Among Different Regions of the World? Purpose Students use GLOBE visualizations to display student data on maps and to learn about seasonal changes in regional

More information

Be a Weather and Climate Watcher

Be a Weather and Climate Watcher Be a Weather and Climate Watcher This education resource was developed through support from the Midwestern Regional Climate Center, Illinois-Indiana Sea Grant, and the Illinois State Water Survey. Molly

More information

6 th Grade Science Mini Assessment #4

6 th Grade Science Mini Assessment #4 Multiple Choice Directions: Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Why does precipitation occur more often near the equator than near the poles? A. Colder air

More information

Temperature Data. Daily Temperature. Daily Temperature Range? Daily Average Temperature? High 90 F Low 60 F. Difference between High & Low for Day

Temperature Data. Daily Temperature. Daily Temperature Range? Daily Average Temperature? High 90 F Low 60 F. Difference between High & Low for Day TEMPERATURE Temperature Data Daily Temperature High 90 F Low 60 F Daily Temperature Range? Difference between High & Low for Day Daily Average Temperature? Mid-point between High & Low for Day Temperature

More information

How Do Oceans Affect Weather and Climate?

How Do Oceans Affect Weather and Climate? How Do Oceans Affect Weather and Climate? In Learning Set 2, you explored how water heats up more slowly than land and also cools off more slowly than land. Weather is caused by events in the atmosphere.

More information

2. What continually moves air around in the atmosphere? 3. Which of the following weather systems is associated with clear, sunny skies?

2. What continually moves air around in the atmosphere? 3. Which of the following weather systems is associated with clear, sunny skies? DIRECTIONS Read the question and choose the best answer. Then circle the letter for the answer you have chosen. 1. Interactions between which set of systems affect weather and climate the most? A. Atmosphere,

More information

Chapter 11 Notes Latin America, Physical Geography

Chapter 11 Notes Latin America, Physical Geography Chapter 11 Notes Latin America, Physical Geography Name: Hang on to these notes they summarize all three sections of chapter 11. To prepare for your test, read each section of chapter 11 and complete all

More information

Factors That Influence Ecosystems

Factors That Influence Ecosystems Name Class Date Skills Practice Lab MATH/GRAPHING Factors That Influence Ecosystems Ecosystems are communities of plants, animals, and other organisms that live and interact with each other and with nonliving

More information

Water & Climate Review

Water & Climate Review Water & Climate Review 1. The cross section below shows the direction of air flowing over a mountain. Points A and B are at the same elevation on opposite sides of the mountain. 4. The graph below shows

More information

Geography affects climate.

Geography affects climate. KEY CONCEPT Climate is a long-term weather pattern. BEFORE, you learned The Sun s energy heats Earth s surface unevenly The atmosphere s temperature changes with altitude Oceans affect wind flow NOW, you

More information

WEATHER AND CLIMATE practice test

WEATHER AND CLIMATE practice test WEATHER AND CLIMATE practice test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. What role does runoff play in the water cycle? a. It is the process in

More information

Weather Vocabulary. Weather- The condition of the atmosphere at a certain time and place.

Weather Vocabulary. Weather- The condition of the atmosphere at a certain time and place. Weather Vocabulary Weather- The condition of the atmosphere at a certain time and place. Meteorologist-A scientist who studies weather Weather maps- a map or chart showing the meteorological conditions,

More information

Weather: is the short term, day-to-day condition of the atmosphere

Weather: is the short term, day-to-day condition of the atmosphere Weather Weather: is the short term, day-to-day condition of the atmosphere Meteorology the scientific study of the atmosphere They focus on physical characteristics and motion and how it relates to chemical,

More information

How are latitude and longitude related to general climate and temperature patterns?

How are latitude and longitude related to general climate and temperature patterns? This website would like to remind you: Your browser (Safari 7) is out of date. Update your browser for more security, comfort and the best experience on this site. Activitydevelop Family Version Latitude,

More information

Weather: Air Patterns

Weather: Air Patterns Weather: Air Patterns Weather: Air Patterns Weather results from global patterns in the atmosphere interacting with local conditions. You have probably experienced seasonal shifts, such as winter in New

More information

Weather Unit Test. Page 1. 2 The cartoon below shows a strong wind blowing from right to left.

Weather Unit Test. Page 1. 2 The cartoon below shows a strong wind blowing from right to left. Name Weather Unit Test Page 1 1 The diagram below shows the flow of air over a mountain from point A to point C. Which graph best shows the approximate temperature change of the rising and descending air

More information

Weather & Climate. Jamie Schovajsa, Sterling City ISD, Sterling City GRADE LEVEL TEKS 5.8A

Weather & Climate. Jamie Schovajsa, Sterling City ISD, Sterling City GRADE LEVEL TEKS 5.8A Weather and limate Jamie Schovajsa, Sterling ity ISD, Sterling ity SIENE ONEPT GRADE LEVEL Weather & limate. 5th TEKS 5.8A MATERIALS ENGAGE EXPLORE Information set up for the center activity, books on

More information

Climate Change and Biomes

Climate Change and Biomes Climate Change and Biomes Key Concepts: Greenhouse Gas WHAT YOU WILL LEARN Biome Climate zone Greenhouse gases 1. You will learn the difference between weather and climate. 2. You will analyze the effect

More information

1. The map below shows high-pressure and low-pressure weather systems in the United States.

1. The map below shows high-pressure and low-pressure weather systems in the United States. 1. The map below shows high-pressure and low-pressure weather systems in the United States. 6. Which map correctly shows the wind directions of the highpressure and low-pressure systems? 1) 2) Which two

More information

Answers. The Water Cycle. Year 7 Science Chapter 7

Answers. The Water Cycle. Year 7 Science Chapter 7 Answers The Water Cycle Year 7 Science Chapter 7 p153 1 Change of state from liquid to vapour happens over the water as liquid water evaporates into water vapour in the atmosphere. 2 The sun is the source

More information

Characteristics and Position of Africa s Major Climate Regions

Characteristics and Position of Africa s Major Climate Regions LESSON 3: AFRICA S CLIMATE REGIONS Key Concepts You must know, or be able to do the following: Name, understand the characteristics and position of Africa s major climate regions Be able to link the African

More information

Social Studies Grade 4 Unit 01:Texas Geography: Regions and Skills 2012-2013_Edited

Social Studies Grade 4 Unit 01:Texas Geography: Regions and Skills 2012-2013_Edited Name: Date: Teacher: Social Studies Grade 4 Unit 01:Texas Geography: Regions and Skills 2012-2013_Edited Instructions: The teacher should pace the assessment by reading the items orally as appropriate.

More information

Ecosystems and Communities practice test

Ecosystems and Communities practice test Name: answers Score: 0 / 37 (0%) [14 subjective questions not graded] Ecosystems and Communities practice test Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers

More information

3 Temperate and Polar Zones

3 Temperate and Polar Zones Name CHAPTER 17 Class Date Climate SECTION 3 Temperate and Polar Zones BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What biomes are found in the temperate

More information

List 10 different words to describe the weather in the box, below.

List 10 different words to describe the weather in the box, below. Weather and Climate Lesson 1 Web Quest: What is the Weather? List 10 different words to describe the weather in the box, below. How do we measure the weather? Use this web link to help you: http://www.bbc.co.uk/weather/weatherwise/activities/weatherstation/

More information

Rogue Valley Weather and Climate. Modified from program by Gregory V. Jones, Southern Oregon University

Rogue Valley Weather and Climate. Modified from program by Gregory V. Jones, Southern Oregon University Rogue Valley Weather and Climate Modified from program by Gregory V. Jones, Southern Oregon University Talk Outline General Weather and Climate Overview Weather and Climate Large Scale Controls Weather

More information

MAST ACADEMY OUTREACH. WOW (Weather on Wheels)

MAST ACADEMY OUTREACH. WOW (Weather on Wheels) MAST ACADEMY OUTREACH MIDDLE SCHOOL PROGRAM Adventures Aboard WOW (Weather on Wheels) Highlights Teacher Instructions / Answer Keys MAST Academy Maritime and Science Technology High School Miami-Dade County

More information

Microclimate in the Outdoor Classroom

Microclimate in the Outdoor Classroom Microclimate in the Outdoor Classroom 1. CONTRIBUTOR S NAME: TJ FONTAINE 2. NAME OF INQUIRY: MICROCLIMATE IN THE OUTDOOR CLASSROOM 3. GOALS AND OBJECTIVES: TEACH STUDENTS ABOUT THE SIMULARITIES AND DIFFERENCES

More information

California s Hydrologic Cycle

California s Hydrologic Cycle Overview In this activity, students will be introduced to the hydrologic cycle, how water collects and gets used in California, and how scientists measure the water cycle. Objectives By the end of this

More information

The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens

The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens Zoo and Botanical Gardens Biome Contract Overview Students will investigate biotic and abiotic factors of different biomes by preparing a

More information

Research Background: Teacher Copy, Level 4

Research Background: Teacher Copy, Level 4 The Arctic is Melting So What? Featured scientists: James Screen from University of Exeter, Clara Deser from National Center for Atmospheric Research, and Lantao Sun from University of Colorado at Boulder.

More information

LESSON 1: THE EARTH S ENERGY BALANCE. Key Concepts X-PLANATION. Energy Balance and Heating of the Atmosphere

LESSON 1: THE EARTH S ENERGY BALANCE. Key Concepts X-PLANATION. Energy Balance and Heating of the Atmosphere LESSON 1: THE EARTH S ENERGY BALANCE Key Concepts In this lesson we will focus on summarising what you need to know about: Define the term Energy Balance Clearly understand the concept of the heating of

More information

EXPLORING BIOMES IN GORONGOSA NATIONAL PARK

EXPLORING BIOMES IN GORONGOSA NATIONAL PARK OVERVIEW EXPLORING BIOMES IN GORONGOSA NATIONAL PARK This activity complements the Click and Learn Gorongosa National Park Interactive Map (http://www.hhmi.org/biointeractive/gorongosa-national-park-interactive-map)

More information

4. What may be happening to the cold air mass as it moves southward from the Great Plains? It will become warmer.

4. What may be happening to the cold air mass as it moves southward from the Great Plains? It will become warmer. NAME: DATE: CLASS Pd; Forecasting Weather MAP Worksheet #1 answers Figures 1 4 are weather maps for a 24-hour period. The maps show the position of pressure systems and fronts in the United States every

More information

2.3 Mapping Earth s Physical Features A world physical features map shows information about. Physical Features. canyon. Word Bank

2.3 Mapping Earth s Physical Features A world physical features map shows information about. Physical Features. canyon. Word Bank Read Section 2.3. Write one or two sentences describing the type of thematic map you read about. Then match the physical features in the Word Bank to their correct locations on the illustration. An example

More information

Ch. 7 - Geographical Ecology, Climate & Biomes

Ch. 7 - Geographical Ecology, Climate & Biomes Ch. 7 - Geographical Ecology, Climate & Biomes Weather - the short term properties of the troposphere at a given place and time. Climate - the average long-term weather of an area. averaged over a long

More information

Assessment Schedule 2014 Earth and Space Science: Demonstrate understanding of processes in the atmosphere system (91414)

Assessment Schedule 2014 Earth and Space Science: Demonstrate understanding of processes in the atmosphere system (91414) NCEA Level 3 Earth and Space Science (91414) 2014 page 1 of 7 Assessment Schedule 2014 Earth and Space Science: Demonstrate understanding of processes in the atmosphere system (91414) Evidence Statement

More information

Weather and Climate Review

Weather and Climate Review Weather and Climate Review STUFF YOU NEED TO KNOW and to UNDERSTAND! 1) Because water has a higher specific heat than land, water will warm and cool more slowly than the land will. Because of this: a)

More information

Chapter 9: Air Masses and Fronts. Air Masses. Source Regions. Air masses Contain uniform temperature and humidity characteristics.

Chapter 9: Air Masses and Fronts. Air Masses. Source Regions. Air masses Contain uniform temperature and humidity characteristics. Chapter 9: Air Masses and Fronts Air masses Contain uniform temperature and humidity characteristics. What Characterize Air Masses? What Define Fronts? Fronts Boundaries between unlike air masses. Air

More information

Name Period 4 th Six Weeks Notes 2015 Weather

Name Period 4 th Six Weeks Notes 2015 Weather Name Period 4 th Six Weeks Notes 2015 Weather Radiation Convection Currents Winds Jet Streams Energy from the Sun reaches Earth as electromagnetic waves This energy fuels all life on Earth including the

More information

Analyzing Weather Data

Analyzing Weather Data Analyzing Weather Data Lesson Concept Link Scientists analyze data gathered from weather tools to predict weather. At the beginning of this unit, each measuring tools was introduced, and over time students

More information

Ocean and Weather. Name: Period: Date: Essential Question: How does the ocean affect climate and weather on land?

Ocean and Weather. Name: Period: Date: Essential Question: How does the ocean affect climate and weather on land? Ocean and Weather Name: Period: Date: Essential Question: How does the ocean affect climate and weather on land? On the left is the Illustration of major ocean currents throughout the globe. Ocean currents

More information

A STUDY OF THE SURFACE TEMPERATURES OF SIX GROUNDCOVERS ON THE FROSTBURG STATE UNIVERSITY CAMPUS. By: Frostburg State University RMSC Heat Session I

A STUDY OF THE SURFACE TEMPERATURES OF SIX GROUNDCOVERS ON THE FROSTBURG STATE UNIVERSITY CAMPUS. By: Frostburg State University RMSC Heat Session I A STUDY OF THE SURFACE TEMPERATURES OF SIX GROUNDCOVERS ON THE FROSTBURG STATE UNIVERSITY CAMPUS By: Frostburg State University RMSC Heat Session I Urban Heat Island Session 1 We measured the surface temperatures

More information

WEATHER AND CLIMATE, MICRO-CLIMATE. i) A state or condition of the atmosphere at a given place and at a given instant of time.

WEATHER AND CLIMATE, MICRO-CLIMATE. i) A state or condition of the atmosphere at a given place and at a given instant of time. WEATHER AND CLIMATE, MICRO-CLIMATE Weather i) A state or condition of the atmosphere at a given place and at a given instant of time. ii) The daily or short term variations of different conditions of lower

More information

WEATHER, CLIMATE AND ADAPTATIONS OF ANIMALS TO CLIMATE

WEATHER, CLIMATE AND ADAPTATIONS OF ANIMALS TO CLIMATE 7 WEATHER, CLIMATE AND ADAPTATIONS OF ANIMALS TO CLIMATE TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS Q.1. Why weather changes so frequently? Ans. All changes in the weather are caused by the sun. The movement of the

More information

PREDICTING THE WEATHER

PREDICTING THE WEATHER NAME DATE PARTNER(S) PREDICTING THE WEATHER How well does your local weatherman do in predicting the weather? Is he or she more accurate for the next day or for a week in the future? Why do you think that

More information

Geography Grade 10. Lesson 1. Global Pressure Systems

Geography Grade 10. Lesson 1. Global Pressure Systems Geography Grade 10 Lesson 1 A low pressure system over an area can cause rain and strong winds! The table below gives us some examples of low pressure systems over an area. Severe storms over South Coast

More information

Version A. Social Studies Chapter 1 Review

Version A. Social Studies Chapter 1 Review Version A Social Studies Chapter 1 Review 1. What is a region? a state or nation a country on a continent a place with many different landforms an area in which many features are similar. 2. Which state

More information

AIMS Education Foundation

AIMS Education Foundation Developed and Published by AIMS Education Foundation This book contains materials developed by the AIMS Education Foundation. AIMS (Activities Integrating Mathematics and Science) began in 1981 with a

More information

TEST NAME: Matter TEST ID: GRADE:05 SUBJECT:Life and Physical Sciences TEST CATEGORY: My Classroom

TEST NAME: Matter TEST ID: GRADE:05 SUBJECT:Life and Physical Sciences TEST CATEGORY: My Classroom TEST NAME: Matter TEST ID: 49717 GRADE:05 SUBJECT:Life and Physical Sciences TEST CATEGORY: My Classroom Matter Page 1 of 30 Student: Class: Date: 1. What is the MAJOR role of the Sun in the water cycle?

More information

How are latitude and longitude related to general climate and temperature patterns?

How are latitude and longitude related to general climate and temperature patterns? This website would like to remind you: Your browser (Safari 7) is out of date. Update your browser for more security, comfort and the best experience on this site. Activitydevelop Educator Version Latitude,

More information

Temperature, Rainfall, and Biome Distribution Lab

Temperature, Rainfall, and Biome Distribution Lab Temperature, Rainfall, and Biome Distribution Lab Welcome to your climatogram lab. In this lab you will investigate the relationship between the amount of rainfall and the variance of temperature and the

More information

S5: Seasonal Change on Land and Water

S5: Seasonal Change on Land and Water S5: Seasonal Change on Land and Water Purpose To further students understanding of the causes of seasonal change using visualizations to compare effects of incoming solar energy in the two hemispheres

More information

WEATHER AND CLIMATE WHY DOES IT MATTER?

WEATHER AND CLIMATE WHY DOES IT MATTER? WEATHER AND CLIMATE Rising global average temperature is associated with widespread changes in weather patterns. Scientific studies indicate that extreme weather events such as heat waves and large storms

More information

Arizona Climate Summary February 2015 Summary of conditions for January 2015

Arizona Climate Summary February 2015 Summary of conditions for January 2015 Arizona Climate Summary February 2015 Summary of conditions for January 2015 January 2015 Temperature and Precipitation Summary January 1 st 14 th : January started off with a very strong low pressure

More information

Storms Short Study Guide

Storms Short Study Guide Name: Class: Date: Storms Short Study Guide Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. A(n) thunderstorm forms because of unequal heating

More information

Climate of Illinois Narrative Jim Angel, state climatologist. Introduction. Climatic controls

Climate of Illinois Narrative Jim Angel, state climatologist. Introduction. Climatic controls Climate of Illinois Narrative Jim Angel, state climatologist Introduction Illinois lies midway between the Continental Divide and the Atlantic Ocean, and the state's southern tip is 500 miles north of

More information

Chapter 3: Climate and Climate Change Answers

Chapter 3: Climate and Climate Change Answers Chapter 3: Climate and Climate Change Answers Section A: Climate 1. (a) Explain what each of the following means: (4 x 1 mark) (i) climate the average weather of an area over a 25 30 year period (ii) maritime

More information

Energy Transfer within the Climate System

Energy Transfer within the Climate System Energy Transfer within the Climate System By: Lisa Bui Textbook Reference: Section 8.8 page 344-347 Energy Transfer within the Climate System: Air and Ocean Circulation As a recap, we all know that the

More information

4 4.1 Summarize the processes of the water cycle (including evaporation, condensation, precipitation, and runoff).

4 4.1 Summarize the processes of the water cycle (including evaporation, condensation, precipitation, and runoff). 4 4.1 Summarize the processes of the water cycle (including evaporation, condensation, precipitation, and runoff). The Water Cycle Water changes form and cycles between the surface, the air, and back again.

More information

1. Incredible India. Shade the map on the next page, to show India s relief. The correct shading is shown on the final page! Incredible India India

1. Incredible India. Shade the map on the next page, to show India s relief. The correct shading is shown on the final page! Incredible India India 1. Incredible India Shade the map on the next page, to show India s relief. The correct shading is shown on the final page! Incredible India India The DCSF supported Action plan for Geography is delivered

More information

CLIMATE OF RWANDA. Overview. Linked to other lessons

CLIMATE OF RWANDA. Overview. Linked to other lessons Geography S6 GENERAL PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY OF RWANDA Lesson 75 Developed by (Niwagaba Innocent) Subtopic Climate and factors influencing it in Rwanda Specific Objectives The learners must be able to: Describe

More information

The Polar Climate Zones

The Polar Climate Zones The Polar Climate Zones How cold is it in the polar climate? Polar areas are the coldest of all the major climate zones The Sun is hardly ever high enough in the sky to cause the plentiful ice to melt,

More information

Unit 2: Synoptic Scale (Regional) Weather & Climate

Unit 2: Synoptic Scale (Regional) Weather & Climate Unit 2: Synoptic Scale (Regional) Weather & Climate Synoptic scale: Length: ~1000km (~600miles) to ~6000km (~3500miles) ~Length of Alabama to the length of the U.S. Time: Hours to Days (up to 1 week) So

More information

The Climate of Oregon Climate Zone 2 Willamette Valley

The Climate of Oregon Climate Zone 2 Willamette Valley /05 E-55 No. ci oi Unbound issue e2_, Does not circulate Special Report 914 May 1993 The Climate of Oregon Climate Zone 2 Property of OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY Library Serials Corvallis, OR 97331-4503 Agricultural

More information