Partnerships Implementing Engineering Education Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester Public Schools

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Partnerships Implementing Engineering Education Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester Public Schools"

Transcription

1 Partnerships Implementing Engineering Education Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester Public Schools Supported by: National Science Foundation Weather: 4.H.3 Weather and Classical Instruments Grade Level 4 Sessions Seasonality Instructional Mode(s) Team Size WPS Benchmarks MA Frameworks Key Words 45 min. N/A Whole class N/A 04.SC.ES SC.ES SC.ES ES ES.8 Meteorologist, Atmosphere, Weather, Instrument, Component Summary This session is aimed to help the students understand the components of weather and how we measure the components. The teacher will present a lecture of what the weather consists of and what instruments may be used to determine the different levels of this weather. Learning Objectives 2002 Worcester Public Schools (WPS) Benchmarks for Grade 4 04.SC.ES.01 Describe how global patterns such as the jet stream and water currents influence local weather in measurable terms such as temperature, wind direction and speed, and precipitation. 04.SC.ES.07 Explain how air temperature, moisture, wind speed and direction, and precipitation make up the weather in a particular place and time. 04.SC.ES.08 Use a collection of classical (not digital) weather instruments that clearly shows the physical principle that makes them work. Additional Learning Objectives 1. Explain how air temperature, moisture, wind speed and direction, and precipitation make up the weather in a particular place and time. 2. Describe how global patterns such as the jet stream and water currents influence local weather in measurable terms such as temperature, wind direction and speed, and precipitation. 1 of 14

2 Required Background Knowledge None Partnerships Implementing Engineering Education Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester Public Schools Supported by: National Science Foundation Essential Questions 1. What is weather? Introduction / Motivation None Procedure The instructor will: 1. Ask students what weather is and have them write their ideas in their journal. 2. Give them to correct definition of weather and have them write it down. 3. Go over the components that make up weather. (See attachment) 4. Explain that a weather instrument measures each component. 5. Show transparencies of classical weather instruments and explain how each works. (See attachments) Materials List Materials per Class Amount Location None None None Vocabulary with Definitions (in alphabetical order) 1. Meteorologist Meteorologist: a person who studies the earths atmosphere and weather conditions. 2. Atmosphere Atmosphere: A layer of gases surrounding a planet 3. Weather Weather: It describes the condition of the air at a particular time and place. Weather also tells how the air moves (wind) and describes anything it might be carrying such as rain, snow or clouds. Thunder, lightning, rainbows, haze and other special events are all part of weather. 4. Instrument Instrument: a device that is used to make measurements of something 5. Component Component: one piece of a larger system 2 of 14

3 Partnerships Implementing Engineering Education Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester Public Schools Supported by: National Science Foundation Assessment / Evaluation of Students The instructor may assess the students in any/all of the following manners: 1. None Lesson Extensions None Attachments 1. Components of Weather 2. Weather Instruments (pictures for transparencies) Troubleshooting Tips None Safety Issues None Additional Resources None Key Words Meteorologist, Atmosphere, Weather, Instrument, Component 3 of 14

4 Components of Weather Note: This is intended for the teacher to teach, not as vocabulary words. Depending on where you look for information, weather is classified by the first 4 components or by all 6. INTRODUCTION Weather happens every day. But what exactly is weather? Weather is made up of many parts. One part is temperature. Temperature is how hot or cold the air is. Another part of weather is precipitation. Precipitation is water that falls from the sky to Earth. The water can be a liquid. It can be a solid. Or it can be a mixture of the two. Rain, snow, sleet, and hail are types of precipitation. A third part of weather is wind. Wind can be a gentle breeze. It can also be a strong tornado. All of these parts are affected by air pressure. Air pressure is the fourth major part of weather. As the phrase implies, air pressure is the pressure that air exerts on Earth's surface. TEMPERATURE The measurement of how hot or cold something is. Atmospheric temperature can be affected by sunlight, wind, latitude, altitude, and the land surface. Temperature can also be affected by surface reflections. Heat is a form of energy caused by the internal motion of molecules. The slower the molecules are moving, the less heat is present. Temperature is a measure of heat energy in a substance WIND - The movement of air relative to the surface of the earth. It s considered to be severe if 58 m.p.h. or greater. Hurricane winds are 74 m.p.h or greater and the highest tornado winds are about 318 m.p.h. Winds are created when there are differences in air pressure from one area to another. In an area where there is low-pressure (rising air), air at ground level comes in to replace the air that is rising. In areas of high-pressure (sinking air), air at ground level spreads out. If a high and low pressure area are close to each other a strong wind will develop, because a natural circulation of air will occur (see diagram below.) The greater the difference in pressure is, the stronger the wind.

5 Winds can be produced in a localized area, to expanses of several hundred miles. An example of a local wind is a land-sea breeze. During the day, land will heat up faster than water, which makes air rise over the land a low-pressure area is formed. Since the water is cooler, there is higher air pressure over the water. Air from over the water comes inland to replace the rising air, making a sea breeze. At night, things are reversed the land cools down quickly, while the water stays warmer. High pressure is formed over the land and low-pressure forms over the water, so air flows offshore. This is called a land breeze. PRECIPITATION The General name for water in any form falling from clouds. This includes rain, drizzle, hail, snow and sleet. Although, dew, frost and fog are not considered to be precipitation. ( we will study this in detail is session 2) AIR PRESSURE The weight of air pressing down on earth. Air pressure can change from place to place, and this causes air to move, flowing from areas of high pressure toward areas of low pressure. It s the same as barometric pressure. HUMIDITY The amount of water vapor in the air (water vapor is a gas in the atmosphere. There is very little of it in the air. Water vapor is only 1 to 4% of the atmosphere, but without it we would have no clouds, rain, or snow. Water vapor is one of the greenhouse gases, which help to trap the earth's heat). CLOUDS

6 A visible collection of tiny water droplets or, at colder temperatures, ice crystals floating in the air above the surface. Clouds come in many different sizes and shapes. Clouds can form at ground level, which is fog, at great heights in the atmosphere, and everywhere in between. Clouds offer important clues to understanding and forecasting the weather. Clouds not only provide rain and snow, but help retain heat, so it does not all escape into space.

7 Weather Instruments Barometer: Definition: The aneroid barometer is an instrument that measures the pressure of the air. How it works: The atmospheric pressure changes as the weather changes. It goes up and down. We say the pressure is rising, is falling, or is steady. An aneroid barometer works with a small capsule that acts like a bellows. Air has been removed from the capsule. When the air pressure increases, the sides of the capsule are pushed in and the connected needle rises (clockwise). If the air pressure decreases or falls, the sides of the small capsule puff out and the needle moves in the counter clockwise direction. The numbers are based on the principle that atmospheric pressure supports 30 inches of mercury in a tube of mercury with one end sealed. What it tells us: When the air is dry, cool, and pleasant, the mercury or barometer reading rises. When the air is warm and wet, the barometer reading falls. When the air pressure falls, it usually indicates some type of storm or wet weather is coming. When it rises, it often means clear weather. If the barometer remains steady, there will be no immediate change in the weather. The more rapid the change, the sooner the weather will change. A change of even one-tenth of an inch is a significant change. Definition: The anemometer measures wing speed How it works: Anemometer

8 There is a free moving turbine suspended in the middle of the anemometer. This turbine, when held correctly, moves at the speed of the wind. The speed of the turbine is sensed by an infrared light that relays the signal to an electrical circuit that digitally displays it. What it tells us: The electronic model can accurately show the speed of the wind in miles per hour or knots. Force Speed mph Describe Effect 0 1 Calm Smoke straight up 1 3 Light breeze Smoke slightly bent 2 7 Light air Leaves rustle 3 11 Gentle breeze Leaves move 4 19 Moderate breeze Small branches move 5 24 Fresh breeze Small trees sway 6 31 Strong breeze Large branches move 7 38 Moderate gale Whole trees move 8 46 Fresh gale Twigs break off 9 54 Strong Gale Roofs damged Gale Trees uprooted Storm Widespread damage Hurricane Widespread destruction

9 Rain Gauge Definition: The rain gauge measures the amount of liquid precipitation that falls. How it works: The rain gauge has an outer cylinder, a measuring tube, and a funnel. The measuring tube measures to a hundredth inch. When it is full, it contains one inch of rain. When more than an inch falls, the extra flows into the outer cylinder. By carefully pouring the rain from the outer cylinder back into the measuring tube, a total rainfall amount can be accurately measured. What it tells us: It measures the total rainfall in a specific area.

10 Hygrometer Definition: The mechanism in a hygrometer measures the amount of moisture in the air (humidity). How it works: The hygrometer contains a humidity sensitive element that absorbs and disperses the humidity (moisture) in the air around it. In this case, the element is a small spiral floating in fluid. The spiral winds and unwinds as the moisture from the surrounding air is absorbed or released. This motion is transferred to the indicator hand, which moves on the reading surface. It takes approximately four hours in a fairly windless atmosphere for the indicator to relate the change in humidity level. What it tells us: It tells us the relative humidity (The ratio of water vapor in the air to the maximum amount of vapor the air can hold at a given temperature and pressure; the "wetter or damper" the air feels the higher the relative humidity. The drier the air feels the lower the relative humidity.)

11 Thermometer Definition: A thermometer is an instrument used for measuring temperature. How it works: Bulb thermometers rely on the simple principle that a liquid changes its volume relative to its temperature. Liquids take up less space when they are cold and more space when they are warm. When you look at a regular outside bulb thermometer, you'll see a thin red or silver line that grows longer when it is hotter. The line goes down in cold weather. This liquid is sometimes colored alcohol but can also be a metallic liquid called mercury. Both mercury and alcohol grow bigger when heated and smaller when cooled. Inside the glass tube of a thermometer, the liquid has no place to go but up when the temperature is hot and down when the temperature is cold. What it tells us: The temperature can be read by looking at the numbers on the tube that corresponds to the height of the line.

12 Barometer Anemometer

13 Rain Gauge Hygrometer

14 Thermometer

The Water Cycle. Weather

The Water Cycle. Weather The Water Cycle The water cycle is the journey water takes as it circulates from the land to the sky and back again. The Sun's heat provides energy to evaporate water from the Earth's surface (oceans,

More information

Summary This lesson will introduce the concept of the water cycle by using a simple demonstration.

Summary This lesson will introduce the concept of the water cycle by using a simple demonstration. Partnerships Implementing Engineering Education Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester Public Schools Supported by: National Science Foundation Weather: 4.H.3 Water Cycle Grade Level 4 Sessions Seasonality

More information

NAME DATE GRADE 4/5 SCIENCE SOL 4.6 WEATHER REVIEW (2010 STANDARDS)

NAME DATE GRADE 4/5 SCIENCE SOL 4.6 WEATHER REVIEW (2010 STANDARDS) NAME DATE GRADE 4/5 SCIENCE SOL 4.6 WEATHER REVIEW (2010 STANDARDS) 1. A scientist who studies weather is called a: a. zoologist. b. etymologist. c. meteorologist. 2. Which is not a form of precipitation?

More information

Climate and Weather. S6E2. Students will understand the effects of the relative positions of the earth, moon and sun.

Climate and Weather. S6E2. Students will understand the effects of the relative positions of the earth, moon and sun. Climate and Weather Climate and Weather S6E2. Students will understand the effects of the relative positions of the earth, moon and sun. c. Relate the tilt of the earth to the distribution of sunlight

More information

4 4.1 Summarize the processes of the water cycle (including evaporation, condensation, precipitation, and runoff).

4 4.1 Summarize the processes of the water cycle (including evaporation, condensation, precipitation, and runoff). 4 4.1 Summarize the processes of the water cycle (including evaporation, condensation, precipitation, and runoff). The Water Cycle Water changes form and cycles between the surface, the air, and back again.

More information

How can we tell what the weather will be?

How can we tell what the weather will be? Lesson 1 The Atmosphere and Weather Lesson 2 Clouds and Precipitation Lesson 3 Severe Storms Lesson 4 Climate How can we tell what the weather will be? insolation troposphere weather air pressure humidity

More information

The Water Cycle. Share with Your Students. What Causes Weather?

The Water Cycle. Share with Your Students. What Causes Weather? Share with Your Students Vocabulary atmosphere the blanket of air that surrounds Earth Weather occurs in the layer of the atmosphere closest to Earth, called the troposphere. condensation the process by

More information

Atmospheric Layers. Earth s atmosphere is divided into several different atmospheric layers extending from Earth s surface outward.

Atmospheric Layers. Earth s atmosphere is divided into several different atmospheric layers extending from Earth s surface outward. 6-4.1 Compare the composition and structure of Earth s atmospheric layers (including the gases and differences in temperature and pressure within the layers). Taxonomy level: 2.6-B Understand Conceptual

More information

Chapter 12 Lecture Outline. Moisture, Clouds, and Precipitation

Chapter 12 Lecture Outline. Moisture, Clouds, and Precipitation Chapter 12 Lecture Outline Moisture, Clouds, and Precipitation Focus Question 12.1 Why is latent heat important to our weather? Water s Changes of State Heat energy One calorie is the heat necessary to

More information

Review and apply Investigation 6. Let s review Pages

Review and apply Investigation 6. Let s review Pages Review and apply Investigation 6 Let s review Pages 376-377 1. Think back to the movement of the color in hot and cold water. Does adding heat energy make water molecules move faster, slower, or have no

More information

4) Brandon has learned that many stars are actually larger than the Sun. If this is true, why do these stars appear like points of light in the sky?

4) Brandon has learned that many stars are actually larger than the Sun. If this is true, why do these stars appear like points of light in the sky? EARTH SCIENCE FCAT PRACTICE 1) Earth in Space and Time: SC.5.E.5.1: Marc notices that when he looks at the stars at night, some appear to be brighter than others. Which three factors affect how bright

More information

FOR SUBSCRIBERS ONLY! - TRIAL PASSWORD USERS MAY NOT REPRODUCE AND DISTRIBUTE PRINTABLE MATERIALS OFF THE SOLPASS WEBSITE!

FOR SUBSCRIBERS ONLY! - TRIAL PASSWORD USERS MAY NOT REPRODUCE AND DISTRIBUTE PRINTABLE MATERIALS OFF THE SOLPASS WEBSITE! FOR SUBSCRIBERS ONLY! - TRIAL PASSWORD USERS MAY NOT REPRODUCE AND DISTRIBUTE PRINTABLE MATERIALS OFF THE SOLPASS WEBSITE! 1 NAME DATE GRADE 5 SCIENCE SOL REVIEW WEATHER LABEL the 3 stages of the water

More information

Southern Nevada Regional Professional Development Program. Weather Observations

Southern Nevada Regional Professional Development Program. Weather Observations K-2 Earth Science Southern Nevada Regional Professional Development Program Weather Observations INTRODUCTION Weather affects everyone on a daily basis, even young children, from the clothing we select

More information

WEATHER WATCHERS. Overview: Objectives: Targeted Alaska Grade Level Expectations: Vocabulary: Whole Picture:

WEATHER WATCHERS. Overview: Objectives: Targeted Alaska Grade Level Expectations: Vocabulary: Whole Picture: WEATHER WATCHERS Overview: In this lesson, students review cloud types, cloud cover and basic weather vocabulary through multimedia, hands-on activities and written work. Students then work as a class

More information

Grade 5 Science Unit C: Earth Science Chapter 5: Water on Earth Lesson 1: How Can the Oceans Be Described?

Grade 5 Science Unit C: Earth Science Chapter 5: Water on Earth Lesson 1: How Can the Oceans Be Described? Grade 5 Science Unit C: Earth Science Chapter 5: Water on Earth Lesson 1: How Can the Oceans Be Described? Hydrosphere The water on or surrounding the surface of the globe, including the water of the oceans

More information

Meteorology and Atmospheric Energy: Guided Reading

Meteorology and Atmospheric Energy: Guided Reading Regents Earth Science Unit 7: Meteorology and Atmospheric Energy Name: Meteorology and Atmospheric Energy: Guided Reading I. Temperature and Heat Energy from the sun drives the weather and is essential

More information

Chapter 2 Student Reading

Chapter 2 Student Reading Chapter 2 Student Reading Atoms and molecules are in motion We warm things up and cool things down all the time, but we usually don t think much about what s really happening. If you put a room-temperature

More information

Summary Booklet Topic 8 Weather Patterns

Summary Booklet Topic 8 Weather Patterns Kingdom Schools Science Department Grade 5- Term 2 Name: Date: Section: Summary Booklet Topic 8 Weather Patterns Lesson 1 :How does Air move? Skill 8-1: Understand that air pressure is related to altitude,

More information

Name Date. What Makes the Weather? There are four ingredients that go into making our weather. Air, sun, Earth, and water.

Name Date. What Makes the Weather? There are four ingredients that go into making our weather. Air, sun, Earth, and water. Name Date Weather Study Guide What Makes the Weather? There are four ingredients that go into making our weather. Air, sun, Earth, and water. 1. AIR Barometer a. Air The Earth is surrounded by a huge ocean

More information

Weather- Part 1. Mr. Sammartano S300. Name: Period:

Weather- Part 1. Mr. Sammartano S300. Name: Period: Weather- Part 1 Mr. Sammartano S300 Name: Period: 1 The Origin of the Atmosphere The gases that made up our early atmosphere likely came from volcanoes through the process of outgassing. Large amounts

More information

Tap and drag the sun, sky, clouds, water, land, and other elements in each scene. Tap the white circles to see more detailed scenes.

Tap and drag the sun, sky, clouds, water, land, and other elements in each scene. Tap the white circles to see more detailed scenes. HANDBOOK At the beginning of every day, you probably check the weather. Maybe you look up the forecast. Maybe you read a thermometer. Or maybe you look at the sky and feel the air to see if it s sunny,

More information

Weather Maps and Making Predictions

Weather Maps and Making Predictions TEKS measure and record changes in weather and make predictions using weather maps, weather symbols, and a map key Weather Maps and Making Predictions What Is Weather? Weather is the state of the atmosphere

More information

Elements of the Weather

Elements of the Weather Elements of the Weather The weather is made up of different elements, which are measured either by special instruments or are observed by a meteorologist. These measurements are then recorded and used

More information

Weather 1.notebook March 10, 2015

Weather 1.notebook March 10, 2015 Weather The Atmosphere and Weather: Insolation: is the solar energy that reaches a planet. It does not warm all places on Earth equally. The reason why it doesn't is because of the Earth's shape. The Earth's

More information

WeatherBug Vocabulary Bingo

WeatherBug Vocabulary Bingo Type of Activity: Game: Interactive activity that is competitive, and allows students to learn at the same time. Activity Overview: WeatherBug Bingo is a fun and engaging game for you to play with students!

More information

Teacher s Notes Setting Up a Weather Station

Teacher s Notes Setting Up a Weather Station Teacher s Notes Setting Up a Weather Station This activity is a great group activity allowing each student to participate both when they make the station and then by continuing to make their own observations.

More information

Chapter 18 study guide

Chapter 18 study guide Chapter 18 study guide 1. What is kinetic energy? The energy of motion in a substance 2. How is kinetic energy released or absorbed as water changes phase? a. Solid to liquid = absorbed b. Liquid to gas

More information

The Sun and Water Cycle

The Sun and Water Cycle reflect Have you ever jumped in a puddle or played in the rain? If so, you know you can get very wet. What you may not know is that a dinosaur could have walked through that same water millions of years

More information

Unit 2 WEATHER AND PRECIPITATION

Unit 2 WEATHER AND PRECIPITATION Unit 2 WEATHER AND PRECIPITATION Temperature In order to measure air temperature, thermometer must be placed where air circulation is relatively unobstructed, and yet they must be protected from the direct

More information

WEATHER UNIT TEST STUDY GUIDE

WEATHER UNIT TEST STUDY GUIDE WEATHER UNIT TEST STUDY GUIDE Standard 6-4.1 1. What are the layers of the atmosphere? (from Earth outward) Troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere, exosphere 2. What layer of the atmosphere

More information

Partnerships Implementing Engineering Education Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester Public Schools Supported by: National Science Foundation

Partnerships Implementing Engineering Education Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester Public Schools Supported by: National Science Foundation Temperature: 6.D.3 Temperature and Heat Transfer Grade Level 6 Sessions Seasonality Instructional Mode(s) Team Size WPS Benchmarks MA Frameworks Key Words 1 Approximately 1.5 hours (10 minutes for cleanup)

More information

Temperature affects water in the air.

Temperature affects water in the air. KEY CONCEPT Most clouds form as air rises and cools. BEFORE, you learned Water vapor circulates from Earth to the atmosphere Warm air is less dense than cool air and tends to rise NOW, you will learn How

More information

Movement of Air. Uneven heating of Earth s surface causes air to move Weather is the condition of Earths Atmosphere at a particular time and place.

Movement of Air. Uneven heating of Earth s surface causes air to move Weather is the condition of Earths Atmosphere at a particular time and place. Air Exerts Pressure Air molecules are constantly in motion, similar to a room full of bouncy balls With every bounce, air is exerting a force You do not feel the pressure of air at any one time because

More information

SECOND GRADE WEATHER

SECOND GRADE WEATHER SECOND GRADE WEATHER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES WATER CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SECOND GRADE WATER WEEK 1. PRE: Exploring the properties of water. LAB: Experimenting with different soap mixtures. POST:

More information

Chapter 7 Weather and Climate

Chapter 7 Weather and Climate Chapter 7 Weather and Climate Objectives Explore how the water cycle drives weather. Discuss the conditions that favor thunderstorms and tornadoes. Main Idea Water vapor and changes in temperature are

More information

barometer 1 of 5 For the complete encyclopedic entry with media resources, visit: http://education.nationalgeographic.com/encyclopedia/barometer/

barometer 1 of 5 For the complete encyclopedic entry with media resources, visit: http://education.nationalgeographic.com/encyclopedia/barometer/ This website would like to remind you: Your browser (Apple Safari 4) is out of date. Update your browser for more security, comfort and the best experience on this site. Encyclopedic Entry For the complete

More information

Name: OBJECTIVES Correctly define: WEATHER BASICS: STATION MODELS: MOISTURE: PRESSURE AND WIND: Weather

Name: OBJECTIVES Correctly define: WEATHER BASICS: STATION MODELS: MOISTURE: PRESSURE AND WIND: Weather Name: OBJECTIVES Correctly define: air mass, air pressure, anemometer, barometer, cyclone, dew point, front, isobar, isotherm, meteorology, precipitation, psychrometer, relative humidity, saturated, transpiration

More information

TEST NAME: Weather Practice TEST ID: GRADE: 05 Fifth Grade SUBJECT: Life and Physical Sciences TEST CATEGORY: My Classroom

TEST NAME: Weather Practice TEST ID: GRADE: 05 Fifth Grade SUBJECT: Life and Physical Sciences TEST CATEGORY: My Classroom TEST NAME: Weather Practice TEST ID: 760027 GRADE: 05 Fifth Grade SUBJECT: Life and Physical Sciences TEST CATEGORY: My Classroom Weather Practice Page 1 of 18 Student: Class: Date: 1. Below is a table

More information

THIRD GRADE WEATHER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

THIRD GRADE WEATHER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES THIRD GRADE WEATHER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES WATER CYCLE OVERVIEW OF THIRD GRADE WATER WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing the different components of the water cycle. LAB: Contrasting water with hydrogen

More information

Assessment Schedule 2014 Earth and Space Science: Demonstrate understanding of processes in the atmosphere system (91414)

Assessment Schedule 2014 Earth and Space Science: Demonstrate understanding of processes in the atmosphere system (91414) NCEA Level 3 Earth and Space Science (91414) 2014 page 1 of 7 Assessment Schedule 2014 Earth and Space Science: Demonstrate understanding of processes in the atmosphere system (91414) Evidence Statement

More information

TEST NAME: Matter TEST ID: GRADE:05 SUBJECT:Life and Physical Sciences TEST CATEGORY: My Classroom

TEST NAME: Matter TEST ID: GRADE:05 SUBJECT:Life and Physical Sciences TEST CATEGORY: My Classroom TEST NAME: Matter TEST ID: 49717 GRADE:05 SUBJECT:Life and Physical Sciences TEST CATEGORY: My Classroom Matter Page 1 of 30 Student: Class: Date: 1. What is the MAJOR role of the Sun in the water cycle?

More information

WEATHER AND CLIMATE practice test

WEATHER AND CLIMATE practice test WEATHER AND CLIMATE practice test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. What role does runoff play in the water cycle? a. It is the process in

More information

Weather Vocabulary. Weather- The condition of the atmosphere at a certain time and place.

Weather Vocabulary. Weather- The condition of the atmosphere at a certain time and place. Weather Vocabulary Weather- The condition of the atmosphere at a certain time and place. Meteorologist-A scientist who studies weather Weather maps- a map or chart showing the meteorological conditions,

More information

Teacher & Student Field Reporting Guide Cecil Productions

Teacher & Student Field Reporting Guide Cecil Productions Teacher & Student Field Reporting Guide 2001 Cecil Productions CONTENTS PREFACE HOW TO USE THIS GUIDE BEFORE WE GET STARTED SAFETY FIRST iii iv v LESSONS LESSON 1 Station Characteristics 1 Student Handout

More information

Ayala Earth Science Semester 2 Midterm Samples

Ayala Earth Science Semester 2 Midterm Samples Use Answer Document Form: A Copy # Ayala Earth Science Semester 2 Midterm Samples 1. Which force generates winds? a. the Coriolis effect b. gravity c. pressure differences d. friction 2. How would the

More information

Identify how scientists measure weather conditions in different parts of the atmosphere. Compare 2 types of satellite image s.

Identify how scientists measure weather conditions in different parts of the atmosphere. Compare 2 types of satellite image s. Lesson 3 Weather Forecasts LA.6.2.2.3, MA.6.A.3.6, SC.6.E.7.7, SC.6.N.1.1, SC.6.N.3.4 Skim or scan the heading, boldfaced words, and pictures in the lesson. Identify or predict three facts you will learn

More information

The Water Cycle and the Influence of Global Warming

The Water Cycle and the Influence of Global Warming The Water Cycle and the Influence of Global Warming Almost three-fourths of Earth s surface is covered by water. Over 96% of this water is in the oceans. The polar ice caps and glaciers hold another 2%

More information

Air Pressure and Winds Activity Guide Component 8.3.2

Air Pressure and Winds Activity Guide Component 8.3.2 Air Pressure and Winds Activity Guide Component 8.3.2 Guiding Questions (be able to answer these questions at the end of packet) 1. Describe the main differences between weather and climate. 2. Identify

More information

Name That Cloud Clouds: Stratus, Cirrus, Cumulus. By: Eva Reyes, Taylor Griffith, Sandy Bobbitt, Diana Jones

Name That Cloud Clouds: Stratus, Cirrus, Cumulus. By: Eva Reyes, Taylor Griffith, Sandy Bobbitt, Diana Jones Name That Cloud Clouds: Stratus, Cirrus, Cumulus By: Eva Reyes, Taylor Griffith, Sandy Bobbitt, Diana Jones Definitions 1.Air The air is the invisible gaseous substance surrounding the earth, a mixture

More information

What is the weather like and how do we record it?

What is the weather like and how do we record it? What is the weather like and how do we record it? A school grounds based weather study Learning Objectives To find out what the weather is in your school grounds (or local area). To use different weather

More information

Weather Basics. Temperature Pressure Wind Humidity. Climate vs. Weather. Atmosphere and Weather

Weather Basics. Temperature Pressure Wind Humidity. Climate vs. Weather. Atmosphere and Weather Climate vs. Weather Atmosphere and Weather Weather The physical condition of the atmosphere (moisture, temperature, pressure, wind) Climate Long term pattern of the weather in a particular area Weather

More information

6 th Grade Science Assessment: Weather & Water Select the best answer on the answer sheet. Please do not make any marks on this test.

6 th Grade Science Assessment: Weather & Water Select the best answer on the answer sheet. Please do not make any marks on this test. Select the be answer on the answer sheet. Please do not make any marks on this te. 1. Weather is be defined as the A. changes that occur in cloud formations from day to day. B. amount of rain or snow that

More information

Weather: Air Patterns

Weather: Air Patterns Weather: Air Patterns Weather: Air Patterns Weather results from global patterns in the atmosphere interacting with local conditions. You have probably experienced seasonal shifts, such as winter in New

More information

Scientist Guide. Let s Talk About the Weather. Introduction

Scientist Guide. Let s Talk About the Weather. Introduction Scientist Guide Let s Talk About the Weather Introduction Agriculture is highly dependent on the weather. Ever since the first seed was sown, farmers have been watching the sky and hoping for good weather.

More information

Read and study the following information. After reading complete the review questions. Clouds

Read and study the following information. After reading complete the review questions. Clouds Name: Pd: Read and study the following information. After reading complete the review questions. Clouds What are clouds? A cloud is a large collection of very tiny droplets of water or ice crystals. The

More information

Water, Water Everywhere

Water, Water Everywhere Water on Earth Water, Water Everywhere There are few things better than a tall glass of fresh water on a hot day. Yet in many places this is not an easy thing to get. Much of Earth is covered in water.

More information

Notice the two cups. Make some observations on a whiteboard.

Notice the two cups. Make some observations on a whiteboard. Notice the two cups. Make some observations on a whiteboard. Which cup has the most moisture on the outside of it Why do you think the cup that is exposed to more air has more water on the outside of it

More information

How Oceans & Mountains Affect Weather & Climate

How Oceans & Mountains Affect Weather & Climate How Oceans & Mountains Affect Weather & Climate # TERM DEFINITION 1 Atmosphere The layers of gas that surround the earth. Gases: #1 is Nitrogen, then oxygen Layers: Troposphere- we live here, weather takes

More information

What are clouds? How are clouds formed? Why are clouds white? Why do clouds turn gray? Why do clouds float? Home. Weather Wiz Kids Store Hurricanes

What are clouds? How are clouds formed? Why are clouds white? Why do clouds turn gray? Why do clouds float? Home. Weather Wiz Kids Store Hurricanes 1 of 8 3/5/2009 11:19 AM Home Wiz Kids Store Hurricanes Tornadoes Winter Storms Clouds Rain & Floods Thunderstorms Lightning Wind Temperature Wildfires Earthquakes Volcanoes Climate Optical Illusions Experiments

More information

2. The map below shows high-pressure and low-pressure weather systems in the United States.

2. The map below shows high-pressure and low-pressure weather systems in the United States. 1. Which weather instrument has most improved the accuracy of weather forecasts over the past 40 years? 1) thermometer 3) weather satellite 2) sling psychrometer 4) weather balloon 6. Wind velocity is

More information

Name Class Date. What I Know What I Would Like to Learn What I Have Learned a. b. c. d. e. f.

Name Class Date. What I Know What I Would Like to Learn What I Have Learned a. b. c. d. e. f. Chapter 18 Moisture, Clouds, and Precipitation Section 18.1 Water in the Atmosphere This section describes how water changes from one state to another. It also explains humidity and relative humidity.

More information

Name: Date: Core: 20 percent is absorbed by gases and particles in the atmosphere.

Name: Date: Core: 20 percent is absorbed by gases and particles in the atmosphere. Name: Date: Core: About 25 percent of incoming sunlight is reflected by clouds, dust, and gases in the air. About 50 percent is absorbed by Earth s surface. This energy heats the land and water. 20 percent

More information

In the Engage activity, you were introduced to instruments used by a meteorologist (a scientist who studies weather) as shown on the chart below:

In the Engage activity, you were introduced to instruments used by a meteorologist (a scientist who studies weather) as shown on the chart below: 8.10B: Weather Maps Background: What is Weather? Weather is the day-to-day state of the atmosphere. The interaction of three important factors result in weather systems: air temperature, air pressure,

More information

What Weather Means Things That Make Up Our Weather What Climate Means Weather Forecasting

What Weather Means Things That Make Up Our Weather What Climate Means Weather Forecasting 8 th Grade Science Homework Due on: In this homework assignment we will 8.10(B) identify how global patterns of atmospheric movement influence local weather using weather maps that show high and low pressures

More information

FOURTH GRADE ATMOSPHERE

FOURTH GRADE ATMOSPHERE FOURTH GRADE ATMOSPHERE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES WATER CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FOURTH GRADE WATER WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing different reservoirs of water. LAB: Experimenting with surface tension and capillary

More information

Ice crystal. Dew Point, Relative Humidity, Cloud Formation. Water Molecule (magnified about a billion times)

Ice crystal. Dew Point, Relative Humidity, Cloud Formation. Water Molecule (magnified about a billion times) Dew Point, Relative Humidity, Cloud Formation 105 Water Molecule (magnified about a billion times) Water (H 2 O) is a molecule made of one oxygen atom and two hydrogen atoms. When magnified, it resembles

More information

CONTENT OBJECTIVE: To understand wind and the effect of changing atmospheric conditions

CONTENT OBJECTIVE: To understand wind and the effect of changing atmospheric conditions Measuring Wind CONTENT STANDARD: Earth and Space Science CONTENT TOPIC: Meteorology CONCEPT: Atmospheric conditions vary. CONTENT OBJECTIVE: To understand wind and the effect of changing atmospheric conditions

More information

Humidity, Condensation, and Clouds-I. GEOL 1350: Introduction To Meteorology

Humidity, Condensation, and Clouds-I. GEOL 1350: Introduction To Meteorology Humidity, Condensation, and Clouds-I GEOL 1350: Introduction To Meteorology 1 Overview Water Circulation in the Atmosphere Properties of Water Measures of Water Vapor in the Atmosphere (Vapor Pressure,

More information

SECOND GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

SECOND GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES SECOND GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES WATER CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SECOND GRADE WATER WEEK 1. PRE: Exploring the properties of water. LAB: Experimenting with different soap mixtures. POST: Analyzing

More information

Weather and climate. reflect. what do you think? look out!

Weather and climate. reflect. what do you think? look out! reflect You re going on vacation in a week and you have to start thinking about what clothes you re going to pack for your trip. You ve read the weather reports for your vacation spot, but you know that

More information

Earth s Atmosphere: Composition, Structure, and Temperature. Part I: The Atmosphere s Physical Characteristics. Earth s Atmosphere.

Earth s Atmosphere: Composition, Structure, and Temperature. Part I: The Atmosphere s Physical Characteristics. Earth s Atmosphere. Earth s Atmosphere: Composition, Structure, and Temperature Paula Messina Part I: The Atmosphere s Physical Characteristics Earth s Atmosphere A thin layer of gases that extends over 100 km (66 miles)

More information

Intro to Weather Clip

Intro to Weather Clip Intro to Weather Clip Weather by Brainpop 1) What cycle is the basis of our weather? 2) What causes precipitation to occur? 3) Where do storms usually occur? Weather Temporary behavior of atmosphere (what

More information

Meteorological Tools Discussion Questions:

Meteorological Tools Discussion Questions: Meteorological Tools Discussion Questions: 1) How does a meteorologist forecast the weather? 2) How is information about the weather collected? 3) What equipment is used? 4) What equipment can I use at

More information

Shared Reading. Weather

Shared Reading. Weather Science Benchmark: 04:02 Weather describes conditions in the atmosphere at a certain place and time. Water, energy from the sun, and wind create a cycle of changing weather. The sun's energy warms the

More information

Example of Inversion Layer

Example of Inversion Layer The Vertical Structure of the Atmosphere stratified by temperature (and density) Space Shuttle sunset Note: Scattering of visible light (density + wavelength) Troposphere = progressive cooling, 75% mass,

More information

Precipitation forms from water droplets or ice crystals.

Precipitation forms from water droplets or ice crystals. KEY CONCEPT Water falls to Earth s surface as precipitation. BEFORE, you learned Water moves between Earth's surface and the atmosphere Water vapor condenses into clouds NOW, you will learn How precipitation

More information

Section 16.1 pp Wind as an Agent of Change

Section 16.1 pp Wind as an Agent of Change Section 16.1 pp. 340 343 Wind as an Agent of Change Chapter 16 Set a Purpose: TE, p. 340 Reading Study Guide, p. 54 Visualization Observe an animation showing the formation of an arch: SE, p. 341 Visualization

More information

Grade 6. Liquid water - Liquid water is water that is in the liquid state. Water vapor - Water vapor is water that is in the gaseous state.

Grade 6. Liquid water - Liquid water is water that is in the liquid state. Water vapor - Water vapor is water that is in the gaseous state. 207 Grade 6 The scientific theory of the evolution of Earth states that changes in our planet are driven by the flow of energy and the cycling of matter through dynamic interactions among the atmosphere,

More information

Synoptic Weather Maps

Synoptic Weather Maps LAB 38 Synoptic Weather Maps Purpose Materials The purpose of this lab is to have you read and interpret the information displayed on synoptic weather maps. You will also learn the techniques used by meteorologists

More information

CHAPTER 6: WEATHER FOR SOARING

CHAPTER 6: WEATHER FOR SOARING CHAPTER 6: WEATHER FOR SOARING Weather patterns on Earth are complicated and chaotic. Weather is a result of the atmosphere s constant attempt to reach equilibrium. This equilibrium is continually upset

More information

6 th Grade Science Mini Assessment #4

6 th Grade Science Mini Assessment #4 Multiple Choice Directions: Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Why does precipitation occur more often near the equator than near the poles? A. Colder air

More information

NOTES WEATHER FRONTS A weather front is a boundary that forms when air masses meet that have different temperature, pressure, and humidity

NOTES WEATHER FRONTS A weather front is a boundary that forms when air masses meet that have different temperature, pressure, and humidity NOTES WEATHER FRONTS A weather front is a boundary that forms when air masses meet that have different temperature, pressure, and humidity conditions. A weather front forms along boundaries when air masses

More information

How Can You Predict When Severe Weather Will Occur?

How Can You Predict When Severe Weather Will Occur? 4.7 Explain How Can You Predict When Severe Weather Will Occur? In this Learning Set, you have been exploring how winds and oceans affect weather and climate. You then used what you know to explain how

More information

Elements of weather and climate

Elements of weather and climate Elements of weather and climate a) Temperature is how hot or cold the atmosphere is, how many degrees Celsius (centigrade) it is above or below freezing (0 C). Temperature is a very important factor in

More information

7. Meteorologists have to measure the weather before they forecast.

7. Meteorologists have to measure the weather before they forecast. 1 Video Quiz Directions: Answer either true or false. 1. The wind controls which way weather moves. 2. A thermometer tells you air pressure. 3. Satellites show us the clouds over Earth. 4. Computers use

More information

Benchmark Study Guide S6E4 Weather Review. Name Date

Benchmark Study Guide S6E4 Weather Review. Name Date Benchmark Study Guide S6E4 Weather Review Name Date S6E4 Students will understand how the distribution of land and oceans affects climate and weather. a. Demonstrate that land and water absorb and lose

More information

MUNICIPAL WATER DISTRICT OF ORANGE COUNTY DISCOVERY SCIENCE CENTER

MUNICIPAL WATER DISTRICT OF ORANGE COUNTY DISCOVERY SCIENCE CENTER MUNICIPAL WATER DISTRICT OF ORANGE COUNTY DISCOVERY SCIENCE CENTER First Grade ~ Teacher Packet Themes: The Water Cycle; Affect of Temperature on Water California State Science Standards addressed: Physical

More information

Weather. reflect. what do you think?

Weather. reflect. what do you think? reflect Amy got up early this morning. She was excited to wear her new summer clothes to school. She put on her new yellow shorts with the pink flowers. She pulled on the matching t-shirt. Slipping her

More information

Do we really drink the same water that dinosaurs did?

Do we really drink the same water that dinosaurs did? 1 Earth is often called the Blue Planet. That s because almost three fourths of Earth s surface is covered by water. Most of that water is salt water found in the world s oceans. Salt water contains dissolved

More information

3. Lines on a weather map that connect points of equal air pressure are A. isotherms B. isobars C. cold fronts D. warm fronts

3. Lines on a weather map that connect points of equal air pressure are A. isotherms B. isobars C. cold fronts D. warm fronts 1. The chart shows the relationship between altitude and air pressure. What is the approximate air pressure at an altitude of 22 kilometers? A. 40 millibars B. 120 millibars C. 200 millibars D. 400 millibars

More information

The graph below shows air temperature for an area near the Earth s surface during a 12-hour period.

The graph below shows air temperature for an area near the Earth s surface during a 12-hour period. Atmospheric Variables Practice #2 The graph below shows air temperature for an area near the Earth s surface during a 12-hour period. 1. Which graph best illustrates the probable change in air pressure

More information

4 Forecasting the Weather

4 Forecasting the Weather CHAPTER 21 4 Forecasting the Weather SECTION Weather KEY IDEAS As you read this section, keep these questions in mind: How do weather stations communicate weather data? How do meteorologists create weather

More information

The Sun and Water Cycle

The Sun and Water Cycle reflect Think of the last time it rained in your city. When the rain stopped, you probably saw puddles on the ground. After a few hours, though, the ground was dry again. Where did all that rainwater go?

More information

YEAR 1: Seasons and Weather

YEAR 1: Seasons and Weather YEAR 1: Seasons and Weather Contents Include: The four seasons Tools to record the weather Making graphs Clouds Weather forecasts Weather around the world Please Note: The activities included in this pack

More information

FIRST GRADE WATER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

FIRST GRADE WATER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES FIRST GRADE WATER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES WATER CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FIRST GRADE WATER WEEK 1. PRE: Investigating the water cycle. LAB: Experiencing surface tension. POST: Discovering how water

More information

3 Global Winds and Local Winds

3 Global Winds and Local Winds CHAPTER 15 3 Global Winds and Local Winds SECTION The Atmosphere BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What causes wind? What is the Coriolis effect?

More information

Air Temperature. GEOL 1350: Introduction To Meteorology

Air Temperature. GEOL 1350: Introduction To Meteorology Air Temperature GEOL 1350: Introduction To Meteorology 1 Overview Daily Temperature Variation Controls of Temperature Air Temperature Data Measuring Air Temperature 2 Daytime Warming Sunlight warms the

More information

2 Air Masses and Fronts

2 Air Masses and Fronts CHAPTER 7 2 Air Masses and Fronts SECTION Understanding Weather BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: How is an air mass different from a front? How

More information

Weather The Water Cycle. Precipitation

Weather The Water Cycle. Precipitation Non-fiction: Weather The Water Cycle Condensation Weather The Water Cycle Evaporation Precipitation Where does the water that causes rain come from? Actually, the water was there all along. All of the

More information