6 th Grade Science Assessment: Weather & Water Select the best answer on the answer sheet. Please do not make any marks on this test.

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "6 th Grade Science Assessment: Weather & Water Select the best answer on the answer sheet. Please do not make any marks on this test."

Transcription

1 Select the be answer on the answer sheet. Please do not make any marks on this te. 1. Weather is be defined as the A. changes that occur in cloud formations from day to day. B. amount of rain or snow that falls in a day. C. occurrence of earthquakes, tornadoes, and other disaers. D. condition of Earth s atmosphere at a given time and place. 2. Meteorologis are mo intereed in udying the because that is where weather happens. A. exosphere B. troposphere C. mesosphere D. ratosphere 3. The atmosphere is be defined as the A. layer of gases surrounding Earth. B. name for the shape of the planet Earth. C. smoke and air pollution over a city. D. weather condition in a rain fore. 4. A molecule of water is A. another name for a raindrop. B. the smalle particle of matter that could ill be called water. C. the volume of water that has a mass of 1 gram. D. what water is called when it is under the ground. 5. Which atement below is true? A. Gas molecules are in conant motion, but molecules in liquids and solids are not. B. Gas and liquid molecules are in conant motion, but molecules in solids are not. C. Molecules in all matter are always in conant motion. D. Molecules are not in motion unless some force moves them. 6. Days are hotter at the equator than at the poles because A. the equator is the thicke part of the Earth. B. more direct light shines on the equator. C. more indirect light shines on the equator. D. the equator is closer to the sun. 7. The solar angle is important to consider when discussing A. the time it takes light to reach Earth from the Sun. B. why the North Star is always at the same point in the night sky. C. why the year is approximately 365 days long. D. how much solar energy falls on different parts of Earth s surface. 1 Trimeer C A M S Page 1

2 Select the be answer on the answer sheet. Please do not make any marks on this te. 8. We measure volume to find A. the weight of an object. B. the space occupied by an object. C. the length of an object measured in millimeters. D. how much matter there is in an object. 9. Where is mo (97%) of Earth s water found? A. Lakes B. Rivers C. Oceans D. Glaciers 10. At the beach, a breeze blows from the ocean when air pressure over the sea is A. greater than air pressure over the land. B. the same as air pressure over the land. C. less than air pressure over the land. D. rising at the same rate as air pressure over the land. 11. Wind moves from areas of A. high pressure to areas of low pressure. B. high humidity to areas of low humidity. C. low pressure to areas of high pressure. D. low humidity to areas of high humidity. 12. The basic cause of wind is the A. evaporation of water from the ocean. B. differential heating of Earth by the Sun. C. rotation of Earth on its axis. D. condensation of water vapor that falls as precipitation. 13. Sometimes weather forecaers talk about cold fronts and warm fronts when they describe how the weather is changing. A front is be defined as A. the beginning of a orm that brings rong winds and heavy rain. B. a boundary that separates air masses with different moiure content and temperatures. C. an imaginary line that shows the location of different convection cells. D. the location in which two clouds collide, causing lightning. 14. In a discussion of density, the term mass means A. a large amount or number. B. how much something weighs. C. how much space an object occupies. D. the amount of matter that makes up an object. 1 Trimeer C A M S Page 2

3 Select the be answer on the answer sheet. Please do not make any marks on this te. 15. Why doesn t the Earth run out of rain? A. It is frequently cloudy. B. Water is conantly evaporating to form clouds. C. Mo of Earth s water is in the oceans. D. Air masses are in conant motion. 16. One hot, sunny day Sally left two containers out in the sun, one filled with water and one filled with soil. Both the water and the soil had the same temperature. After fifteen minutes, Sally observed that the soil was warmer than the water, as shown in the diagram below. This happened because the A. soil received more sunlight than the water. B. water takes less energy to heat than the soil. C. water is more dense than the soil. D. water and soil heat at different rates. 1 Trimeer C A M S Page 3

4 Select the be answer on the answer sheet. Please do not make any marks on this te. 17. Which of the following would be the be model to demonrate the water cycle? A. A light shines on an aquarium covered with glass, and water droplets form on the inside of the glass. B. A light shines on a closed cardboard box containing a plant. C. A light shines on a man's face. Droplets of sweat form on his face as he exercises. D. A light shines on a glass of iced tea. Water droplets form on the outside of the glass. 1 Trimeer C A M S Page 4

5 Select the be answer on the answer sheet. Please do not make any marks on this te. 18. Sometimes a layer of fog, one to four meters deep, is seen next to the ground with clear air above it. Part of an explanation for this layering is that the A. clear air is colder than the fog layer. B. clear air is more humid than the fog layer. C. fog layer is next to warm ground or soil. D. fog layer is more dense than the clear air. 19. Students are udying density effects. They have a tank of clear water. They use a syringe and a tube to slowly add salt water with blue food coloring to the bottom of the tank, as shown by the diagram at the right. The salt water and the water in the tank are the same temperature. Which is the be prediction of what will happen next? A. Blobs of blue-colored salt water float to the top of the clear water. B. The blue-colored salt water forms a layer at the bottom of the tank. C. The blue-colored salt water flows to the top of the clear water and forms a layer there. D. The blue-colored salt water quickly begins to mix with the clear water. Blue-colored Salt Solution Clear Water 20. A udent makes the following measurements. Fir, a balloon is inflated with an air pump. The mass of the inflated balloon is measured with an electronic balance. Then, the balloon is deflated and the mass of the empty balloon is measured. The mass of the inflated balloon is A. higher because of the additional mass of air. B. higher because the deflated balloon is pushed down by the atmosphere. C. lower because the inflated balloon tends to float. D. lower because the additional air is less dense than the balloon material. 1 Trimeer C A M S Page 5

6 Select the be answer on the answer sheet. Please do not make any marks on this te. Queions 21 to 23: On a humid summer day with little wind, the following observations are made at the times shown. The observations are for the air over a large field where the dark soil is heated by the sun. The field is surrounded by a fore that is much larger than the field. Time Temperature at Ground Level Sunlight on Field Air Above Field Air Above Fore 6:00 am 15 C (60 F) fully lit, low angle clear clear 8:00 am 21 C (70 F fully lit, medium small cumulus clouds, angle bottoms at 2,000 m clear 10:00 am 32 C (90 F) fully lit, high angle large cumulus clouds, bottoms at 2,000 m clear 21. The air over the field gets warmer because A. the sunlight heats the air above the soil by radiation. B. the sunlight heats the soil and the air is warmed by heat conduction. C. it catches sunlight reflected by soil particles. D. it draws heat from the fore and the fore ays cool. 22. Think about the air above the field. Which atement explains the observations? A. As the air is warmed, it expands and causes a high pressure area to form at the ground. B. The warming air over the field expands, pushes into the fore, and warms the air there. C. As the air is warmed, it becomes less dense and rises as cooler air moves in to replace it. D. The dark soil absorbs heat from the air above it and as that air cools, water begins to condense so clouds form. 23. Which is the be explanation for the cloud formation above the field? A. At higher altitudes the air is cooler, so clouds form naturally. B. Warm air, rising above the field, cools as it rises and, when it cools below the dew point, clouds form. C. The dark soil absorbs heat from the air above it and as that air cools, water begins to condense so clouds form. D. Cumulus clouds are often seen forming on sunny, humid summer days. 1 Trimeer C A M S Page 6

7 Select the be answer on the answer sheet. Please do not make any marks on this te. 24. If you hear a weather report that shows cold, dry air over mo of the middle of the United States, you would expect that the air A. has been in place for several days and has cooled. B. came from the Pacific Ocean, off California, and flowed over the dry Southweern United States. C. came from Alaska and the Arctic and flowed over Canada. D. came from the Gulf of Mexico and flowed in over Texas and Louisiana. 25. If a hot, dry air mass ayed over New Jersey and the Atlantic coa for several days, you would expect the weather to be A. rainless and hot. B. rainy and hot. C. rainless and cooling. D. gathering clouds and cooling. 1 Trimeer C A M S Page 7

The Sun and Water Cycle

The Sun and Water Cycle reflect Have you ever jumped in a puddle or played in the rain? If so, you know you can get very wet. What you may not know is that a dinosaur could have walked through that same water millions of years

More information

Name Class Date STUDY GUIDE FOR CONTENT MASTERY

Name Class Date STUDY GUIDE FOR CONTENT MASTERY Atmosphere SECTION 11.1 Atmospheric Basics In your textbook, read about the composition of the atmosphere. Circle the letter of the choice that best completes the statement. 1. Most of Earth s atmosphere

More information

Weather Vocabulary. Weather- The condition of the atmosphere at a certain time and place.

Weather Vocabulary. Weather- The condition of the atmosphere at a certain time and place. Weather Vocabulary Weather- The condition of the atmosphere at a certain time and place. Meteorologist-A scientist who studies weather Weather maps- a map or chart showing the meteorological conditions,

More information

TEST NAME: Matter TEST ID: GRADE:05 SUBJECT:Life and Physical Sciences TEST CATEGORY: My Classroom

TEST NAME: Matter TEST ID: GRADE:05 SUBJECT:Life and Physical Sciences TEST CATEGORY: My Classroom TEST NAME: Matter TEST ID: 49717 GRADE:05 SUBJECT:Life and Physical Sciences TEST CATEGORY: My Classroom Matter Page 1 of 30 Student: Class: Date: 1. What is the MAJOR role of the Sun in the water cycle?

More information

Assessment Schedule 2014 Earth and Space Science: Demonstrate understanding of processes in the atmosphere system (91414)

Assessment Schedule 2014 Earth and Space Science: Demonstrate understanding of processes in the atmosphere system (91414) NCEA Level 3 Earth and Space Science (91414) 2014 page 1 of 7 Assessment Schedule 2014 Earth and Space Science: Demonstrate understanding of processes in the atmosphere system (91414) Evidence Statement

More information

The Sun and Water Cycle

The Sun and Water Cycle reflect Think of the last time it rained in your city. When the rain stopped, you probably saw puddles on the ground. After a few hours, though, the ground was dry again. Where did all that rainwater go?

More information

Summary Booklet Topic 8 Weather Patterns

Summary Booklet Topic 8 Weather Patterns Kingdom Schools Science Department Grade 5- Term 2 Name: Date: Section: Summary Booklet Topic 8 Weather Patterns Lesson 1 :How does Air move? Skill 8-1: Understand that air pressure is related to altitude,

More information

Weather: Air Patterns

Weather: Air Patterns Weather: Air Patterns Weather: Air Patterns Weather results from global patterns in the atmosphere interacting with local conditions. You have probably experienced seasonal shifts, such as winter in New

More information

Benchmark Study Guide S6E4 Weather Review. Name Date

Benchmark Study Guide S6E4 Weather Review. Name Date Benchmark Study Guide S6E4 Weather Review Name Date S6E4 Students will understand how the distribution of land and oceans affects climate and weather. a. Demonstrate that land and water absorb and lose

More information

2. What continually moves air around in the atmosphere? 3. Which of the following weather systems is associated with clear, sunny skies?

2. What continually moves air around in the atmosphere? 3. Which of the following weather systems is associated with clear, sunny skies? DIRECTIONS Read the question and choose the best answer. Then circle the letter for the answer you have chosen. 1. Interactions between which set of systems affect weather and climate the most? A. Atmosphere,

More information

The Water Cycle and the Influence of Global Warming

The Water Cycle and the Influence of Global Warming The Water Cycle and the Influence of Global Warming Almost three-fourths of Earth s surface is covered by water. Over 96% of this water is in the oceans. The polar ice caps and glaciers hold another 2%

More information

3. Lines on a weather map that connect points of equal air pressure are A. isotherms B. isobars C. cold fronts D. warm fronts

3. Lines on a weather map that connect points of equal air pressure are A. isotherms B. isobars C. cold fronts D. warm fronts 1. The chart shows the relationship between altitude and air pressure. What is the approximate air pressure at an altitude of 22 kilometers? A. 40 millibars B. 120 millibars C. 200 millibars D. 400 millibars

More information

Temperature affects water in the air.

Temperature affects water in the air. KEY CONCEPT Most clouds form as air rises and cools. BEFORE, you learned Water vapor circulates from Earth to the atmosphere Warm air is less dense than cool air and tends to rise NOW, you will learn How

More information

Atmospheric Properties Short Study Guide

Atmospheric Properties Short Study Guide Name: Class: Date: Atmospheric Properties Short Study Guide Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Earth s atmosphere contains more

More information

Earth's Atmosphere. The atmosphere is a thin layer of air that protects the Earth s surface from extreme temperatures and harmful sun rays

Earth's Atmosphere. The atmosphere is a thin layer of air that protects the Earth s surface from extreme temperatures and harmful sun rays The Atmosphere Earth's Atmosphere The atmosphere is a thin layer of air that protects the Earth s surface from extreme temperatures and harmful sun rays Thin Gaseous envelope What is Weather? State of

More information

Energy Transfer in the Atmosphere

Energy Transfer in the Atmosphere Energy Transfer in the Atmosphere Energy Transfer in the Atmosphere The sun provides most of the Earth s energy. This energy is what drives winds and ocean currents and allows Earth s plants to grow and

More information

Grade 5 Science Unit C: Earth Science Chapter 5: Water on Earth Lesson 1: How Can the Oceans Be Described?

Grade 5 Science Unit C: Earth Science Chapter 5: Water on Earth Lesson 1: How Can the Oceans Be Described? Grade 5 Science Unit C: Earth Science Chapter 5: Water on Earth Lesson 1: How Can the Oceans Be Described? Hydrosphere The water on or surrounding the surface of the globe, including the water of the oceans

More information

Chapter 6. Atmospheric Moisture and Precipitation

Chapter 6. Atmospheric Moisture and Precipitation Chapter 6 Atmospheric Moisture and Precipitation The Hydrosphere Hydrosphere water in the earth-atmosphere atmosphere system Oceans and Salt Lakes 97.6% Ice Caps and Glaciers 1.9% (Not available for humans)

More information

Section 3 What Is Climate?

Section 3 What Is Climate? Section 3 What Is Climate? Key Concept Earth s climate zones are caused by the distribution of heat around Earth s surface by wind and ocean currents. What You Will Learn Climate is the average weather

More information

Ocean and Weather. Name: Period: Date: Essential Question: How does the ocean affect climate and weather on land?

Ocean and Weather. Name: Period: Date: Essential Question: How does the ocean affect climate and weather on land? Ocean and Weather Name: Period: Date: Essential Question: How does the ocean affect climate and weather on land? On the left is the Illustration of major ocean currents throughout the globe. Ocean currents

More information

But, could we force these clouds to create rain in the desert?

But, could we force these clouds to create rain in the desert? Clouds Exploration Phase How do clouds form? Above are fair weather cumulus (heaped/cotton ball) clouds. They do not form a single layer, as stratus clouds. They do not resemble wisps of hair, as cirrus.

More information

Grade 4 Standard 1 Unit Test Water Cycle. Multiple Choice. 1. Where is most water found on Earth? A. in glaciers B. in lakes C. in rivers D.

Grade 4 Standard 1 Unit Test Water Cycle. Multiple Choice. 1. Where is most water found on Earth? A. in glaciers B. in lakes C. in rivers D. Grade 4 Standard 1 Unit Test Water Cycle Multiple Choice 1. Where is most water found on Earth? A. in glaciers B. in lakes C. in rivers D. in oceans 2. What source of energy evaporates the most water from

More information

The Water Cycle Now You See It, Now You Don t

The Water Cycle Now You See It, Now You Don t The Water Cycle Now You See It, Now You Don t Unit: Salinity Patterns & the Water Cycle l Grade Level: Elementary l Time Required: Introduction - 30 min. - Activity as groups 45min Wrap Up 20 min l Content

More information

CHAPTER 6: WEATHER FOR SOARING

CHAPTER 6: WEATHER FOR SOARING CHAPTER 6: WEATHER FOR SOARING Weather patterns on Earth are complicated and chaotic. Weather is a result of the atmosphere s constant attempt to reach equilibrium. This equilibrium is continually upset

More information

WEATHER AND CLIMATE practice test

WEATHER AND CLIMATE practice test WEATHER AND CLIMATE practice test Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. What role does runoff play in the water cycle? a. It is the process in

More information

increasing thermal energy of particles sublimation melting freezing deposition decreasing thermal energy of particles requires energy (heat)

increasing thermal energy of particles sublimation melting freezing deposition decreasing thermal energy of particles requires energy (heat) 10.3 The Water Cycle Key Question: How does water move through the water cycle? You may see water as ice, snow, rain, and steam. On very humid days, you can sense it as water vapour. Water is the only

More information

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Covered with Water 6 th Grade Subject Area: Science Grade: 6

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Covered with Water 6 th Grade Subject Area: Science Grade: 6 One Stop Shop For Educators The following instructional plan is part of a GaDOE collection of Unit Frameworks, Performance Tasks, examples of Student Work, and Teacher Commentary. Many more GaDOE approved

More information

Chapter 8 Circulation of the Atmosphere

Chapter 8 Circulation of the Atmosphere Chapter 8 Circulation of the Atmosphere The Atmosphere Is Composed Mainly of Nitrogen, Oxygen, and Water Vapor What are some properties of the atmosphere? Solar Radiation - initial source of energy to

More information

Study Guide: Water Cycle & Humidity

Study Guide: Water Cycle & Humidity Earth Science Name Date Per. Study Guide: Water Cycle & Humidity 1. Explain the difference between Specific Humidity and Relative Humidity. Specific humidity refers to the actual amount of water vapor

More information

How Do Oceans Affect Weather and Climate?

How Do Oceans Affect Weather and Climate? How Do Oceans Affect Weather and Climate? In Learning Set 2, you explored how water heats up more slowly than land and also cools off more slowly than land. Weather is caused by events in the atmosphere.

More information

Name: Date: Core: 20 percent is absorbed by gases and particles in the atmosphere.

Name: Date: Core: 20 percent is absorbed by gases and particles in the atmosphere. Name: Date: Core: About 25 percent of incoming sunlight is reflected by clouds, dust, and gases in the air. About 50 percent is absorbed by Earth s surface. This energy heats the land and water. 20 percent

More information

Interactions Between the Atmosphere & Hydrosphere. Weather & Climate

Interactions Between the Atmosphere & Hydrosphere. Weather & Climate Interactions Between the Atmosphere & Hydrosphere Weather & Climate ~occur every 3-7 years ~can last weeks or years! ~cooler/wetter conditions in SE US ~dry weather in southern Africa, Southeast Asia,

More information

Humidity, Condensation, Clouds, and Fog. Water in the Atmosphere

Humidity, Condensation, Clouds, and Fog. Water in the Atmosphere Humidity, Condensation, Clouds, and Fog or Water in the Atmosphere The Hydrologic Cycle Where the Water Exists on Earth Evaporation From the Oceans and Land The Source of Water Vapor for the Atmosphere

More information

Section 1 The Earth System

Section 1 The Earth System Section 1 The Earth System Key Concept Earth is a complex system made up of many smaller systems through which matter and energy are continuously cycled. What You Will Learn Energy and matter flow through

More information

6 th Grade Science Mini Assessment #4

6 th Grade Science Mini Assessment #4 Multiple Choice Directions: Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Why does precipitation occur more often near the equator than near the poles? A. Colder air

More information

Name Date Class. Gas. 43 Virginia Progress Monitoring and Benchmark Assessments

Name Date Class. Gas. 43 Virginia Progress Monitoring and Benchmark Assessments Name Date Class d i a g n o s t i c t e s t 3 G g r a d e 6 Directions: Use the diagram below to answer question 1. 1. What might be the most serious effect of having a farm in the location shown in the

More information

You can read more about the Hadley Cells by visiting the NASA website link below.

You can read more about the Hadley Cells by visiting the NASA website link below. Environmental Literacy Framework Activity 5B-Full of Hot Air Preview Focus Question: How is climate affected by air and ocean currents? The distribution of heat around the globe is not even. Due to the

More information

FOR SUBSCRIBERS ONLY! - TRIAL PASSWORD USERS MAY NOT REPRODUCE AND DISTRIBUTE PRINTABLE MATERIALS OFF THE SOLPASS WEBSITE!

FOR SUBSCRIBERS ONLY! - TRIAL PASSWORD USERS MAY NOT REPRODUCE AND DISTRIBUTE PRINTABLE MATERIALS OFF THE SOLPASS WEBSITE! FOR SUBSCRIBERS ONLY! - TRIAL PASSWORD USERS MAY NOT REPRODUCE AND DISTRIBUTE PRINTABLE MATERIALS OFF THE SOLPASS WEBSITE! 1 NAME DATE GRADE 5 SCIENCE SOL REVIEW WEATHER LABEL the 3 stages of the water

More information

Reading a Weather Map

Reading a Weather Map Name Reading a Weather Map by Cindy Grigg Answer the following questions BEFORE you read this book. It is okay if you do not know as much as you thought. Do the best you can! 1. What kinds of information

More information

Answers. The Water Cycle. Year 7 Science Chapter 7

Answers. The Water Cycle. Year 7 Science Chapter 7 Answers The Water Cycle Year 7 Science Chapter 7 p153 1 Change of state from liquid to vapour happens over the water as liquid water evaporates into water vapour in the atmosphere. 2 The sun is the source

More information

Earth s Atmosphere. Energy Transfer in the Atmosphere. 3. All the energy from the Sun reaches Earth s surface.

Earth s Atmosphere. Energy Transfer in the Atmosphere. 3. All the energy from the Sun reaches Earth s surface. CHAPTER 12 LESSON 2 Earth s Atmosphere Energy Transfer in the Atmosphere Key Concepts How does energy transfer from the Sun to Earth and to the atmosphere? How are air circulation patterns within the atmosphere

More information

Name Period 4 th Six Weeks Notes 2015 Weather

Name Period 4 th Six Weeks Notes 2015 Weather Name Period 4 th Six Weeks Notes 2015 Weather Radiation Convection Currents Winds Jet Streams Energy from the Sun reaches Earth as electromagnetic waves This energy fuels all life on Earth including the

More information

4 4.1 Summarize the processes of the water cycle (including evaporation, condensation, precipitation, and runoff).

4 4.1 Summarize the processes of the water cycle (including evaporation, condensation, precipitation, and runoff). 4 4.1 Summarize the processes of the water cycle (including evaporation, condensation, precipitation, and runoff). The Water Cycle Water changes form and cycles between the surface, the air, and back again.

More information

Lornshill Academy. Geography Department. National Revision. Physical Environments Weather

Lornshill Academy. Geography Department. National Revision. Physical Environments Weather Lornshill Academy Geography Department National Revision Physical Environments Weather Weather Revision Sheets What you need to know: 1. Factors that affect the weather: a) latitude; b) altitude; c) distance

More information

FOURTH GRADE WEATHER

FOURTH GRADE WEATHER FOURTH GRADE WEATHER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES WATER CYCLE OVERVIEW OF FOURTH GRADE WATER WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing different reservoirs of water. LAB: Experimenting with surface tension and capillary

More information

Partnerships Implementing Engineering Education Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester Public Schools

Partnerships Implementing Engineering Education Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester Public Schools Partnerships Implementing Engineering Education Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester Public Schools Supported by: National Science Foundation Weather: 4.H.3 Weather and Classical Instruments Grade

More information

THIRD GRADE WEATHER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

THIRD GRADE WEATHER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES THIRD GRADE WEATHER 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES WATER CYCLE OVERVIEW OF THIRD GRADE WATER WEEK 1. PRE: Comparing the different components of the water cycle. LAB: Contrasting water with hydrogen

More information

FOURTH GRADE WORKBOOK

FOURTH GRADE WORKBOOK FOURTH GRADE WORKBOOK student Math/Science Nucleus 1990,2001 WATER CYCLE - WATER (4) TRY AND LOCATE THE PARTS OF THE WATER CYCLE ON THE ABOVE CARTOON. USE THE NUMBERS. DRAW IN ITEMS THAT MIGHT NOT BE DRAWN.

More information

LESSON 1: THE EARTH S ENERGY BALANCE. Key Concepts X-PLANATION. Energy Balance and Heating of the Atmosphere

LESSON 1: THE EARTH S ENERGY BALANCE. Key Concepts X-PLANATION. Energy Balance and Heating of the Atmosphere LESSON 1: THE EARTH S ENERGY BALANCE Key Concepts In this lesson we will focus on summarising what you need to know about: Define the term Energy Balance Clearly understand the concept of the heating of

More information

Weather Unit Test. Page 1. 2 The cartoon below shows a strong wind blowing from right to left.

Weather Unit Test. Page 1. 2 The cartoon below shows a strong wind blowing from right to left. Name Weather Unit Test Page 1 1 The diagram below shows the flow of air over a mountain from point A to point C. Which graph best shows the approximate temperature change of the rising and descending air

More information

First Grade Science Vocabulary

First Grade Science Vocabulary data conclusion predict describe observe record identify investigate evidence recycle dispose reuse goggles air cloud precipitation temperature weather wind precipitation property season temperature weather

More information

Characteristics of the. thermosphere

Characteristics of the. thermosphere Characteristics of the Atmosphere. If you were lost in the desert, you could survive for a few days without food and water. But you wouldn't last more than five minutes without the ' Objectives Describe

More information

Geography affects climate.

Geography affects climate. KEY CONCEPT Climate is a long-term weather pattern. BEFORE, you learned The Sun s energy heats Earth s surface unevenly The atmosphere s temperature changes with altitude Oceans affect wind flow NOW, you

More information

(Walter Glogowski, Chaz Shapiro & Reid Sherman) INTRODUCTION

(Walter Glogowski, Chaz Shapiro & Reid Sherman) INTRODUCTION Convection (Walter Glogowski, Chaz Shapiro & Reid Sherman) INTRODUCTION You know from common experience that when there's a difference in temperature between two places close to each other, the temperatures

More information

SECOND GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

SECOND GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES SECOND GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES WATER CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SECOND GRADE WATER WEEK 1. PRE: Exploring the properties of water. LAB: Experimenting with different soap mixtures. POST: Analyzing

More information

UNIT 6a TEST REVIEW. 1. A weather instrument is shown below.

UNIT 6a TEST REVIEW. 1. A weather instrument is shown below. UNIT 6a TEST REVIEW 1. A weather instrument is shown below. Which weather variable is measured by this instrument? 1) wind speed 3) cloud cover 2) precipitation 4) air pressure 2. Which weather station

More information

Atmospheric Humidity. Chapter 4

Atmospheric Humidity. Chapter 4 Atmospheric Humidity Chapter 4 Circulation of Water in the Atmosphere A general definition of humidity is the amount of water vapor in the air. Remember, humidity is not constant through time or space,

More information

Weather. Weather is the set of environmental conditions encountered from day to day in a particular location.

Weather. Weather is the set of environmental conditions encountered from day to day in a particular location. WEATHER 1 Weather Weather is the set of environmental conditions encountered from day to day in a particular location. Climate is the set of environmental conditions averaged over many years for a geographic

More information

3.3 Phase Changes Charactaristics of Phase Changes phase change

3.3 Phase Changes Charactaristics of Phase Changes phase change When at least two states of the same substance are present, scientists describe each different state as a phase. A phase change is the reversible physical change that occurs when a substance changes from

More information

Chapter 2 Student Reading

Chapter 2 Student Reading Chapter 2 Student Reading Atoms and molecules are in motion We warm things up and cool things down all the time, but we usually don t think much about what s really happening. If you put a room-temperature

More information

Let s Make a Cloud. Objective Demonstrate the combination of three natural elements, to form a cloud: water vapor, smoke and air pressure.

Let s Make a Cloud. Objective Demonstrate the combination of three natural elements, to form a cloud: water vapor, smoke and air pressure. Let s Make a Cloud Related Subject: Climate and Weather Group Size: 10-15 Length of Activity: 45 minutes Objective Demonstrate the combination of three natural elements, to form a cloud: water vapor, smoke

More information

8. Mercury, the planet nearest to the Sun, has extreme surface temperatures, ranging from 465 C in sunlight to 180 C in darkness.

8. Mercury, the planet nearest to the Sun, has extreme surface temperatures, ranging from 465 C in sunlight to 180 C in darkness. 6.E.1 Unit Test DO NOT WRITE ON THIS QUIZ!!! 1. The largest body in our solar system is Earth. the Sun. Jupiter. the Moon. 4. What do the four planets closest to the Sun have in common? Their solid, rocky

More information

Project TECHNOcean Lesson/Activity Plan

Project TECHNOcean Lesson/Activity Plan Heat Transfer Hayley Vatcher Anna Reh-Gingerich Murray Middle, 7th Objective: Students should be able to: Define and describe conduction Define and describe convection List some good conductors, and poor

More information

Humidity Activity Background

Humidity Activity Background Humidity Activity Background Water is the common name for a chemical that has two atoms of hydrogen (H) for each atom of oxygen (O). The chemical formula for water, then, is H 2 O. Water has some special

More information

Suggested Grade Levels: 3-6

Suggested Grade Levels: 3-6 Suck It In! Not Lesson Overview After water is heated in a flask, a balloon is attached and the flask is cooled quickly. The balloon collapses into the flask demonstrating atmospheric pressure. Suggested

More information

Science Grade 02 Unit 07 Exemplar Lesson 02: Connecting the Water Cycle to Weather

Science Grade 02 Unit 07 Exemplar Lesson 02: Connecting the Water Cycle to Weather Unit: 07 Lesson: 02 Suggested Duration: 4 days Grade 02 Unit 07 Exemplar Lesson 02: Connecting the Water Cycle to Weather This lesson is one approach to teaching the State Standards associated with this

More information

What Causes Climate? Use Target Reading Skills

What Causes Climate? Use Target Reading Skills Climate and Climate Change Name Date Class Climate and Climate Change Guided Reading and Study What Causes Climate? This section describes factors that determine climate, or the average weather conditions

More information

Leslie cube : Measure temperature of warm pop cans at different spots. Explore: Rainbow glasses & the electromagnetic spectrum

Leslie cube : Measure temperature of warm pop cans at different spots. Explore: Rainbow glasses & the electromagnetic spectrum Day 1, AM: Radiation (Atmospheric Greenhouse Effect) Key Points Radiation is an important means of energy transfer. Understanding radiation means understanding some properties of electromagnetic waves

More information

ORANGE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OFFICE OF CURRICULUM AND INSTRUCTION OFFICE OF SCIENCE. GRADE 6 SCIENCE Post - Assessment

ORANGE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OFFICE OF CURRICULUM AND INSTRUCTION OFFICE OF SCIENCE. GRADE 6 SCIENCE Post - Assessment ORANGE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OFFICE OF CURRICULUM AND INSTRUCTION OFFICE OF SCIENCE GRADE 6 SCIENCE Post - Assessment School Year 2013-2014 Directions for Grade 6 Post-Assessment The Grade 6 Post-Assessment is

More information

Supported by. A seven part series exploring the fantastic world of science.

Supported by. A seven part series exploring the fantastic world of science. Supported by A seven part series exploring the fantastic world of science. Find out about different climates in different parts of the World. The only animal capable of surviving the harsh conditions in

More information

Convection Currents. Presented by Kesler Science

Convection Currents. Presented by Kesler Science Convection Currents Presented by Kesler Science Essential Questions: 1. How does the Suns energy drive convection within the atmosphere and oceans, D Convection Currents Heat energy transfer between two

More information

Air Temperature. GEOL 1350: Introduction To Meteorology

Air Temperature. GEOL 1350: Introduction To Meteorology Air Temperature GEOL 1350: Introduction To Meteorology 1 Overview Daily Temperature Variation Controls of Temperature Air Temperature Data Measuring Air Temperature 2 Daytime Warming Sunlight warms the

More information

Clouds. A simple scientific explanation for the weather-curious. By Kira R. Erickson

Clouds. A simple scientific explanation for the weather-curious. By Kira R. Erickson Clouds A simple scientific explanation for the weather-curious By Kira R. Erickson Table of Contents 1 3 4 INTRO 2 Page 3 How Clouds Are Formed Types of Clouds Clouds and Weather More Information Page

More information

Wind and Weather Notes. 8 th Grade Science Mrs. Melka

Wind and Weather Notes. 8 th Grade Science Mrs. Melka Wind and Weather Notes 8 th Grade Science Mrs. Melka 2015-16 Why is Wind Important? Part 1 Because wind systems determine major weather patterns on Earth. Wind also helps determine where planes and ships

More information

An Online School for Weather. www.srh.noaa.gov/jetstream/atmos/ll_whatacycle_aquifers.pdf

An Online School for Weather. www.srh.noaa.gov/jetstream/atmos/ll_whatacycle_aquifers.pdf JetStream An Online School for Weather Aquifers Aquifers Aquifers 1 3 5 Aquifers Aquifers Aquifers 2 4 6 /atmos/ll_whatacycle_aquifers.pdf There are over 35 lesson plans in the National Weather Service

More information

Unit 2: Weather. ways to keep track of common trends in weather patterns. some have scientific facts, while others are more about coincidence

Unit 2: Weather. ways to keep track of common trends in weather patterns. some have scientific facts, while others are more about coincidence Unit 2: Weather Weather Lore: ways to keep track of common trends in weather patterns some have scientific facts, while others are more about coincidence weather lore may vary from place to place as different

More information

Will an Ice Cube Melt Faster in Freshwater or Saltwater? Teacher Guide:

Will an Ice Cube Melt Faster in Freshwater or Saltwater? Teacher Guide: Will an Ice Cube Melt Faster in Freshwater or Saltwater? Learning Objectives Teacher Guide: Years ago I gave my students four solutions with varying amounts of salt dissolved in water and asked them to

More information

Elements of the Weather

Elements of the Weather Elements of the Weather The weather is made up of different elements, which are measured either by special instruments or are observed by a meteorologist. These measurements are then recorded and used

More information

A Teaching Unit for Years 3 6 children

A Teaching Unit for Years 3 6 children A Teaching Unit for Years 3 6 children 1 SEREAD and ARGO: Concept Overview for Years 3-6 Teaching Programme This is the overview for the first part of the SEREAD programme link with ARGO. The overview

More information

CONVECTION. cold water (red)

CONVECTION. cold water (red) CONVECTION Name(s) PART 1 Convection and Density The physical world around us is constantly changing. The activities in this section of the unit will introduce a new model (convection) which is very powerful

More information

Weather and Climate. What is weather? What are some characteristics of weather? When we talk about weather, we mean the daily conditions in the

Weather and Climate. What is weather? What are some characteristics of weather? When we talk about weather, we mean the daily conditions in the Weather and Climate You re going on vacation in a week and you have to start thinking about what clothes you re going to pack for your trip. You ve read the weather reports for your vacation spot, but

More information

Practice: Developing and Using Models Crosscutting Concept: Systems and System Models

Practice: Developing and Using Models Crosscutting Concept: Systems and System Models MS-ESS2-6 Develop and use a model to describe how unequal heating and rotation of the Earth cause patterns of atmospheric and oceanic circulation that determine regional climates. [Clarification statement:

More information

Read and study the following information. After reading complete the review questions. Clouds

Read and study the following information. After reading complete the review questions. Clouds Name: Pd: Read and study the following information. After reading complete the review questions. Clouds What are clouds? A cloud is a large collection of very tiny droplets of water or ice crystals. The

More information

2. The map below shows high-pressure and low-pressure weather systems in the United States.

2. The map below shows high-pressure and low-pressure weather systems in the United States. 1. Which weather instrument has most improved the accuracy of weather forecasts over the past 40 years? 1) thermometer 3) weather satellite 2) sling psychrometer 4) weather balloon 6. Wind velocity is

More information

The Atmosphere and Winds

The Atmosphere and Winds Oceanography 10, T. James Noyes, El Camino College 8A-1 The Atmosphere and Winds We need to learn about the atmosphere, because the ocean and atmosphere are tightly interconnected with one another: you

More information

Teacher s Note The Rain Recipe

Teacher s Note The Rain Recipe Teacher s Note The Rain Recipe The Water Cycle has several parts that are linked together. The diagram explains how it works. It is an ongoing natural system that is always in motion. To move from the

More information

MUNICIPAL WATER DISTRICT OF ORANGE COUNTY DISCOVERY SCIENCE CENTER

MUNICIPAL WATER DISTRICT OF ORANGE COUNTY DISCOVERY SCIENCE CENTER MUNICIPAL WATER DISTRICT OF ORANGE COUNTY DISCOVERY SCIENCE CENTER Third Grade ~ Teacher Packet Themes: Availability of Water ~ Scarcity and Introduction to Aqueducts California State Science Standard

More information

Weather and climate. reflect. what do you think? look out!

Weather and climate. reflect. what do you think? look out! reflect You re going on vacation in a week and you have to start thinking about what clothes you re going to pack for your trip. You ve read the weather reports for your vacation spot, but you know that

More information

Miami-Dade County Public Schools Curriculum and Instruction (Science)

Miami-Dade County Public Schools Curriculum and Instruction (Science) Miami-Dade County Public Schools Curriculum and Instruction (Science) Required GRADE 5 ESSENTIAL SCIENCE Laboratory Activities QUARTER 2 LABORATORIES LAB # 8: AROUND AND AROUND IT GOES! Grade 5 Essential

More information

Look at Mr. Moon: 1. Temps light side- 400 degrees F dark degrees F 2. No sound wave travel no molecules of air

Look at Mr. Moon: 1. Temps light side- 400 degrees F dark degrees F 2. No sound wave travel no molecules of air Atmosphere 1. Insulator maintains our T balance (500 degrees F, T changes without it) 2. Shield from meteors 3. Ocean of air dynamic, distributes heat Look at Mr. Moon: 1. Temps light side- 400 degrees

More information

Weather and Climate Review

Weather and Climate Review Weather and Climate Review STUFF YOU NEED TO KNOW and to UNDERSTAND! 1) Because water has a higher specific heat than land, water will warm and cool more slowly than the land will. Because of this: a)

More information

Clouds, Fog, & Precipitation

Clouds, Fog, & Precipitation firecatching.blogspot.com Kids.brittanica.com Clouds and fog are physically the same just location is different Fog is considered a stratus cloud at or near the surface What does one see when looking at

More information

CGC1D1: Interactions in the Physical Environment Factors that Affect Climate

CGC1D1: Interactions in the Physical Environment Factors that Affect Climate Name: Date: Day/Period: CGC1D1: Interactions in the Physical Environment Factors that Affect Climate Chapter 12 in the Making Connections textbook deals with Climate Connections. Use pages 127-144 to fill

More information

Which statement best summarizes what will happen to the water in each of the beakers after a few hours?

Which statement best summarizes what will happen to the water in each of the beakers after a few hours? Name: lass: ate: Question #1 Which best explains how the Earth's atmosphere is warmed? ) Radiation from the sun warms the surface and through conduction and convection the atmosphere is heated. ) Radiation

More information

Kindergarten Science Units Life Science Plants and Animals

Kindergarten Science Units Life Science Plants and Animals Kindergarten Science Units Life Science Plants and Animals How do certain characteristics of plants and animals help them to survive? How do plants and animals change during their life cycles? How are

More information

Earth Science Lecture Summary Notes Chapter 7 - Water and Atmospheric Moisture

Earth Science Lecture Summary Notes Chapter 7 - Water and Atmospheric Moisture Earth Science Lecture Summary Notes Chapter 7 - Water and Atmospheric Moisture (based on Christopherson, Geosystems, 6th Ed., 2006) Prof. V.J. DiVenere - Dept. Earth & Environmental Science - LIU Post

More information

ATMOSPHERE COMPOSITION AND STRUCTURE

ATMOSPHERE COMPOSITION AND STRUCTURE MODULE - 4 Atmosphere Composition and Structure 9 ATMOSPHERE COMPOSITION AND STRUCTURE Earth is a unique planet because the life is found only on this planet. The air has a special place among the conditions

More information

Energy Transfer within the Climate System

Energy Transfer within the Climate System Energy Transfer within the Climate System By: Lisa Bui Textbook Reference: Section 8.8 page 344-347 Energy Transfer within the Climate System: Air and Ocean Circulation As a recap, we all know that the

More information

Key Idea 1: Weather and Climate

Key Idea 1: Weather and Climate Key Idea 1: Weather and Climate 1.1 What physical factors lead to variations in climate in different regions of the world Weather Climate The day to day changes in the atmosphere. It is constantly changing.

More information

EARTH S ATMOSPHERE AND ITS SEASONS

EARTH S ATMOSPHERE AND ITS SEASONS EARTH S ATMOSPHERE AND ITS SEASONS Provided by Tasa Graphic Arts, Inc. for Earthʼs Atmosphere and Its Seasons CD-ROM http://www.tasagraphicarts.com/progeas.html 1.The Importance of Weather (wx) The U.S.

More information