Investigation of Road and Cross-country Traffic Accidents

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1 Investigation of Road and Cross-country Traffic Accidents Road Safety Researcher Finnish Motor Insurers Centre (FMIC) Road Accident Investication Reykjavik

2 Investigation of Road and Cross-country Traffic Accidents Briefly Investigation of Road and Cross-country Traffic Accidents Cycling Crash Test 2

3 The First Investigation 3 7 September 2009

4 Road accident investigation - all fatal road traffic accidents + special projects - in-depth on-the-spot investigation - reconstructions - legislation 2001, - no stand on guilt or insurance compensation - financed with a road safety charge 4

5 Road accident investigation - standardised method, revised database (about 500 variables per party involved in accident) - freely available for road safety work 5

6 Road Accident Investigation - Ministry of Transport and Communications - The Road Accident Investigation Delegation - steers and supervises the operations - appoints the investigation teams - managed by FMIC 6 7 September 2009

7 Road Accident Investigation Teams 20 teams ~300 persons Members of one team: Police member Vehicle specialist Road specialist Medical specialist Behavioural scientist +additional experts Dangerous goods Railways Etc. 7

8 Road Accident Investigation Teams - independent - civil servants' liability under criminal law - wide rights to obtain information - entitled to test the objects inspected and to remove parts of the objects 8

9 Investigation Report What happened? Key event Why did it happen? Immediate risk factors (active) Background risk factors Why were there serious consequences? Injury risk factors How could similar accidents be prevented? Safety recommendations 9

10 Use of data reports scientific research statements initiatives education Important part of Finnish road safety work 10

11 Bicycle Crash Test 11

12 For crash test Reconstruction training A dummy from Germany Police driving practice circuit Cameras and measuring equipments The aim of data collection was to measure the crash speed and document the crash self 12

13 A crash test as a tool for training 13

14 A crash test as a tool for teaching - the steel mesh attached to protect the driver 14

15 A crash test as a tool for training - a helmet - bottles in a bag - mobile phone in a pocket - gloves 15

16 A crash test as a tool for training. 16

17 A crash test as a tool for training 17

18 A crash test as a tool for training 18

19 A crash test as a tool for training 19

20 A crash test as a tool for training 20

21 A crash test as a tool for training - Unlike in a real accident, the calculated results could be compared to measured data during the crash test. - With the help of the video, the team members could compare their view of the accident with what actually happened. - video 21

22 Thank you!

23 The Road Accident Investigation Delegation comprise representatives Ministry of Transport and Communications Ministry of the Interior Ministry of Social Affairs and Health Ministry of Justice Ministry of Education Finnish Transport Safety Agency Some other bodies

24 VALT Method Investigation method 2003 Instructions for action Investigation method Investigation forms 24

25 Investigations 2013 Fatal road accidents, 252 Motor vehicle accidents 197 Pedestrian accidents 32 Cyclist accidents 23 Special projects, 141 Truck accidents 36 Snow mobiles accidents 17 Motorcycle or moped accidents 29 Other accidents

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