STATISTICS OF FATAL AND INJURY ROAD ACCIDENTS IN LITHUANIA,

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1 Vilnius 215 STATISTICS OF FATAL AND INJURY ROAD ACCIDENTS IN LITHUANIA,

2 TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTION... 9 GENERAL INFORMATION VEHICLE FLEET Number of vehicles, Number of vehicles and people killed, Number of vehicles per 1 inhabitants, Number of passenger cars per 1 inhabitants, Number of vehicles of different type, Composition of vehicle fleet Composition of vehicle fleet DISTRIBUTION OF ROAD ACCIDENTS BY TIME Road accidents and their victims, Change in the number of road accidents, Change in the number of people killed, Change in the number of people injured, Distribution of road accidents and their victims by season, Distribution of road accidents by season, Distribution of people killed by season, Distribution of people injured by season, Distribution of road accidents and their victims by season, Distribution of road accidents and their victims by month and quarter, Distribution of road accidents by month, Distribution of people killed by month, Distribution of people injured by month, Distribution of road accidents and their victims by weekday, Distribution of road accidents by weekday, Distribution of people killed by weekday, Distribution of people injured by weekday, Distribution of road accidents and their victims by hour, Distribution of road accidents and their victims by hour, Distribution of road accidents in light and dark time of the day, Distribution of road accidents in light and dark time of the day, Distribution of road accidents in light and dark time of the day, ROAD ACCIDENT TYPES AND ROAD USERS

3 Road users killed or injured during road accidents, Road users killed during road accidents, Road users injured during road accidents, Number of accident victims by age group, Distribution of people killed during road accidents by age group, Distribution of people injured during road accidents by age group, Distribution of accident victims by age group, Number of road fatalities and injuries by sex, Distribution of road fatalities by sex, Distribution of road injuries by sex, Distribution of pedestrian-involved road accidents by month, Distribution of pedestrian-involved road accidents by month, Pedestrians killed or injured during road accidents in light and dark time of the day, Pedestrians killed or injured during road accidents in light and dark time of the day, Distribution of motorcycle drivers-involved road accidents by month, Distribution of motorcycle drivers-involved road accidents by month, Distribution of killed or injured motorcycle drivers by age group, Distribution of killed motorcycle drivers by age group, Distribution of injured motorcycle drivers by age group, Distribution of killed or injured motorcycle drivers by age group, Driving experience of the motorcycle drivers, Driving experience of the motorcycle drivers, Number of killed and injured motorcycle drivers by their qualification, Number of killed and injured motorcycle drivers by their qualification, Road traffic accidents by their type Distribution of road accidents by their type, Distribution of road accidents by their type, Distribution of road accidents by their type, Distribution of fatal accidents by accident type, Distribution of fatal accidents by accident type, Number of road accidents and people killed or injured by additional criterions Number of road accidents and people killed or injured by additional criterions,

4 Distribution of road accidents and victims in animal-involved road accidents, Number of road accidents where a vehicle hit a tree and their victims, Number of road accidents at crossroads and their victims, Number of road accidents at pedestrian crossings and their victims, Number of road accidents at railway crossings and their victims, Number of road accidents in sections witch is equipped with lightning and their victims, m Road users guilty for the accidents Groups of people guilty for road accidents, Groups of people guilty for road accidents, People guilty for road accidents by type of accidents and sex, People guilty for road accidents by type of accidents and sex, Driving experience of the drivers guilty for road accidents, Driving experience of the drivers guilty for road accidents, Types of vehicles having participated and caused road accidents, ROAD ACCIDENTS IN COUNTIES, MUNICIPALITIES AND CITIES Road accidents and victims by road significance, Road accidents and their victims in counties, Number of road accidents and their victims per 1 million inhabitants in counties, Number of road accidents and their victims per 1 million inhabitants in counties, Road accidents and their victims in municipalities, Road accidents and their victims in rural and residential territory, Road accidents and their victims in rural and residential territory, Distribution of road accidents and their victims in in municipalities by accident type, Distribution of road accidents in municipalities by accident type, Road users killed or injured during road accidents in the cities of Lithuania, Road users killed during road accidents in the cities of Lithuania, Distribution of road accidents and their victims in the cities of Lithuania by time of the day, Distribution of road accidents and their victims in the cities of Lithuania by time of the day, Road accidents and their victims in the cities of Lithuania, The most dangerous streets of ten largest cities of Lithuania, TRAFFIC VOLUME ON THE ROADS OF NATIONAL SIGNIFICANCE

5 5.1. Change in the total traffic volume on the roads of national significance, Change in the total traffic volume on the roads of national significance, Change in the traffic volume on the roads of national significance by road purpose, Change in the traffic volume on main roads, Change in the traffic volume on national roads, Change in the traffic volume on regional roads, Average speed on main and national roads, Number of drivers who exceed the speed limit on main roads, as registered in the permanent stationery traffic counting posts, Number of drivers who exceed the speed limit on national roads, as registered in the permanent stationery traffic counting posts, Number of drivers who exceed the speed limit on regional roads, as registered in the permanent stationery traffic counting posts, Traffic volume on main and national roads, Traffic volume of heavy-weight vehicles on main and national roads, SAFETY SITUATION ON ROADS OF NATIONAL SIGNIFICANCE Traffic volume of heavy-weight vehicles on main and national roads, Road accidents by road significance, Road accidents and their victims on the roads of national significance, Road accidents and their victims on the roads of national significance, Distribution of road accidents on roads of national significance by accident type, Distribution of road victims by road user type on roads of national significance, Road accidents on main roads Road accidents and their victims on main roads, Road accidents and their victims on main roads, Road accidents and their victims on main roads, Number of road accidents and their victims per 1 km of main roads, Number of road accidents and their victims per 1 km of main roads, Number of road accidents per 1 km of main roads, Accident indices of main roads, Distribution of road accidents on main roads by accident type, Distribution of road accidents on main roads by accident type,

6 and victims on Trans-European Network (TEN) corridors and other main roads, Data about road fatalities on the Trans-European Network (TEN) corridors and other main roads of Lithuania, Road accidents on national roads Road accidents and their victims on national roads, Road accidents and their victims on national roads, Accident indices of national roads, National roads with the highest accident concentration in Distribution of road accidents on national roads by accident type, Distribution of road accidents on national roads by accident type, Road accidents on regional roads Number of road accidents and their victims on regional roads, Number of road accidents and their victims on regional roads, Accident indices of regional roads, Regional roads with the highest accident concentration in Distribution of road accidents on regional roads by accident type, Distribution of road accidents on regional roads by accident type, Animal-involved road accidents on the roads of national significance Number of animal-involved road accidents and their victims on roads of national significance, Animal-involved road accidents on main roads, Animal-involved road accidents on national roads, Animal-involved road accidents on regional roads, Animal-involved road accidents by animal species, Road accidents caused by wild and domestic animals, Distribution of animal-involved accidents by wild animals by animal species, Distribution of accidents caused by domestic animals by animal species, Road accidents where a vehicle hit a tree Road accidents where a vehicle hit a tree on the roads of national significance, Road accidents where a vehicle hit a tree on the roads of national significance, Road accidents at railway crossings on roads of national significance, Road accidents at railway crossings and their victims on roads of national significance,

7 Road accidents at railway crossings on roads of national significance, Road accidents at railway crossings on specific national and regional roads, Road accidents at crossroads on roads of national significance, Road accidents at crossroads and victims on roads of national significance, Road accidents and victims at crossroads on roads of national significance, Road accidents at crossings on specific main roads, Road accidents at crossings on specific national roads, Road accidents at crossings on specific regional roads, Distribution of road accidents and victims by intersection regulation type, Distribution of road accidents and victims by intersection regulation type, BLACK SPOTS ON MAIN AND NATIONAL ROADS Change in the number of black spots, Number of black spots on main roads, Number of black spots on national roads, Black spots on main and national roads in 215, based on data on fatal and injury accidents Change in the black spots on main and national roads in the period ROAD ACCIDENTS CAUSED BY THE ROAD USERS UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF ALCOHOL AND HAVING NO RIGHT TO DRIVE Road accidents caused by the road users under the influence of alcohol Road accidents and their victims caused by the road users under the influence of alcohol, Road accidents and their victims caused by the road users under the influence of alcohol by people guilty, Road accidents and their victims caused by the road users under the influence of alcohol in the road network of national significance, Road accidents and their victims caused by the road users under the influence of alcohol in the road network of national significance, Road accidents and their victims caused by the road users under the influence of alcohol in the road network of national significance, Road accidents caused by the drivers having no right to drive Road accidents and their victims caused by the drivers having no right to drive by group of drivers, Road accidents and their victims caused by the drivers having no right to drive, Road accidents and their victims caused by the drivers having no right to drive in the road network of national significance,

8 Road accidents and their victims caused by the drivers having no right to drive in the road network of national significance, Road accidents and their victims caused by the drivers having no right to drive in the road network of national significance, Black spots of 215 the occurrence of which was influenced by road accidents caused by drunken drivers and those having no right to drive Black spots the occurrence of which was influenced by road accidents caused by drunken drivers and those having no right to drive, ROAD ACCIDENT LOSSES CAUSED FOR THE ECONOMY OF LITHUANIA Cost of one person killed or injured in road accident, Damage to the economy of Lithuania caused by road accidents, Change in the damage to the economy of Lithuania caused by road accidents, Damage to the economy of Lithuania caused by road accidents on the roads of national significance, Damage to the economy of Lithuania caused by road accidents on the roads of local significance, Damage to the economy of Lithuania caused by road accidents by accident type, Damage to the economy of Lithuania caused by road accidents by the group of age of the guilty drivers, ROAD TRAFFIC SAFETY IN EUROPE AND IN THE WORLD Number of people killed in European Union countries per 1 million inhabitants, Number of people killed in Lithuania and other European countries per 1 million inhabitants, Distribution of the people killed during road accidents by the road managing institutions, The number of road fatalities in EU and Lithuania compared with other non-eu countries in NOTES

9 INTRODUCTION Since each of us is a road user, road safety is important to everybody. Road safety is strongly affected not only by condition of roads and their infrastructure but also by the attitude and behaviour of the road users. The sense of responsibility and respect between all the road users followed by the work of specialists would help to reduce the number of road victims in Lithuania. In 214, on the roads of Lithuania 3325 fatal and injury accidents occurred where 265 people were killed and 3889 were injured. Compared to the year 213, this year 1.9 % (66) less accidents and 2.9 % (118) less injured people were recorded on our roads. The number of accident fatalities has increased 3.5 % (9) people more were killed. This publication gives the major accident indices describing traffic safety situation on the roads of our country. It gives data on fatal and injury road accidents, their types, the number of people killed and injured, the guilty for the road accidents, data on the road users who caused accidents under the influence of alcohol, etc. The publication also gives information on the distribution of road accidents by time, by municipality and road significance, road accidents in urban and rural areas, presents data on the traffic volume on the roads of national significance and black spots on the main and national roads, the calculated accident losses for the economy of Lithuania. The publication has been prepared by: Lithuanian Road Administration under the Ministry of Transport and Communications of the Republic of Lithuania, Traffic Safety Division (J.Basanavičiaus str.36/2, Vilnius, tel ) 9

10 GENERAL INFORMATION Total area of the Republic of Lithuania 65 3 sq. km Population Roads of national significance 2 : main national regional Total: Local roads 3 : roads streets Total: km km km km km 7 68 km km Number of vehicles 4 : cars trucks motorcycles and mopeds buses trailers number of vehicles per 1 inhabitants 59,56 Total: Accident data 5 : number of fatal and injury road accidents killed 265 injured number of people killed per 1 vehicles 17 number of people killed per million inhabitants 91 1 population, as of 1 January 215 (source: Statistics Lithuania, ). 2 list of roads of national significance (source: Government of the Republic of Lithuania in June. Change of resolution 214 December 15. No. 143). 3 length of local roads and streets as of year 215 (source: Statistics Lithuania, ). 4 number of vehicles, as of 31 December 215 (source: State Enterprise Regitra, ). 5 number of road traffic accidents, people killed and injured in 214 (source: data provided by the Lithuanian Traffic Police, ). Note: Information about road accident in year 213 may differ from information presented in publication of year 214 because of data adjustments per year. 1

11 1. VEHICLE FLEET In 214, compared to 213, the vehicle fleet of Lithuania decreased by one third from to vehicles. Accordingly, the number of vehicles per 1 inhabitants decreased from 773 to 51. The number of vehicles had decreased by 787 thousand cars after a new vehicle registration procedure was introduced in July 214 where vehicles failing to meet the requirements of compulsory civil liability insurance and/or technical inspection were removed from the register Number of vehicles, Years Cars Trucks Buses Motorcycles and mopeds Trailer and semitrailers Total Number of vehicles per 1 inhabitants

12 Number of vehicles/1 population Number of vehicles Fatalities 1.2. Number of vehicles and people killed, In 214, the vehicle fleet of Lithuania compared to 213 decreased by 35 % (due to changes in a vehicle registration procedure), the number of people killed on Lithuanian roads increased by 3.5 % Number of vehicles per 1 inhabitants,

13 Number of vehicles Number of passanger cars/1 population Number of passenger cars per 1 inhabitants, Having changed a vehicle registration procedure in the beginning of July 214, at the end of 214 the number of vehicles per 1 inhabitants amounted to 415 cars, i.e., 27 cars or 33 % less than at the same time in Number of vehicles of different type, Passenger cars Trucks Buses Motorcycles and mopeds 13

14 Having introduced a new vehicle registration procedure the vehicle fleet of Lithuania decreased by 35 %. The largest decrease was represented by mopeds and motorcycles 53 %, buses 45 % and heavy vehicles 41 %. The number of passenger cars decreased by 34 %, trailers 29 % Composition of vehicle fleet Vehicle type Number % Passenger cars % Trucks % Buses % Motorcycles and mopeds % Trailers and semitrailers % Total % In 215, the largest part of vehicle fleet was made of passenger cars 82 %, the lowest part (.5 %) of buses Composition of vehicle fleet ,7% 2,2%,5% 7,1% Passenger cars Trucks Trailers and semitrailers 81,5% Motorcycles and mopeds Buses 14

15 2. DISTRIBUTION OF ROAD ACCIDENTS BY TIME This chapter gives the total distribution of fatal and injury accidents and their victims by a group of time season, month, quarter, weekday and time of the day. Also, gives data on road accidents, the number of people killed and injured Road accidents and their victims, Years Total 1 mln. inhabitants Per 1 vehicles Total 1 mln. inhabitants Per 1 vehicles Total 1 mln. inhabitants Per 1 vehicles Total Over the last 1 years more than 12 2 accidents occurred on the roads and streets of Lithuania where almost 12 people were killed and were injured. In 214, on the roads and streets of Lithuania 3325 fatal and injury accidents took place where 265 people were killed and 3889 were injured. Compared to 213 the number of road accidents and people injured was 1.95 % and 2.94 % less, respectively, however, the number of people killed increased by 3.52 %. 15

16 Number of fatalities Number of road accidents Change in the number of road accidents, Change in the number of people killed,

17 Number of injured Change in the number of people injured, Distribution of road accidents and their victims by season, Season Winter Spring Summer Autumn Total Traffic volume and weather conditions have a large influence on the number of accidents, therefore during a change of season the number of accidents on the roads and streets of Lithuania also changes. In summer and in autumn people use to spend much more time in the open air, they travel more and the roads are crowded with two-wheelers (bicycles, motorcycles, mopeds) which are infrequent in a cold period of the year. In the middle of autumn when weather becomes cold and traffic conditions get worse the drivers are not yet accommodated to sudden changes in weather conditions. All this increases accident risk. In 214 the largest amount of accidents occurred in summer 934 accidents, largest amount of people killed were in winter 78 fatalities. 17

18 Fatalities Number of accidents 2.6. Distribution of road accidents by season, Winter Spring Summer Autumn Season 2.7. Distribution of people killed by season, Winter Spring Summer Autumn Season 18

19 Percentage of accidents and victims Number of injured 2.8. Distribution of people injured by season, Winter Spring Summer Autumn Season 2.9. Distribution of road accidents and their victims by season, % 3% 25% 2% 25% 29% 24% 23% 24% 28% 28% 28% 24% 26% 23% 15% 17% 1% 5% % Winter Spring Summer Autumn Season Fatalities 2.1. Distribution of road accidents and their victims by month and quarter, Month January February March April

20 January February March April May June July August September October November December Number of accidents Month May June July August September October November December Total I quarter II quarter III quarter IV quarter In 214, the largest number of accidents, injured and killed people was registered in December. The lowest number of accidents and people injured was in February, the lowest number of deaths was in March Distribution of road accidents by month,

21 January February March April May June July August September October November December Number of injured January February March April May June July August September October November December Fatalities Distribution of people killed by month, Distribution of people injured by month,

22 Number of road accidents Distribution of road accidents and their victims by weekday, Weekday I II III IV V VI VII Total In 214, the largest number of accidents and people injured was recorded on Friday. The largest number of the killed on Saturday and Sunday. On Fridays and weekends people go for holidays, travel more, thus, the number of accidents increases Distribution of road accidents by weekday, I II III IV V VI VII Weekday 22

23 Number of injured Fatalities Distribution of people killed by weekday, I II III IV V VI VII Weekday Distribution of people injured by weekday, I II III IV V VI VII Weekday 23

24 Percentage of accidents and victims Distribution of road accidents and their victims by hour, 214 Hour Total Distribution of road accidents and their victims by hour, % 11% 1% 9% 8% 7% 6% 5% 4% 3% 2% 1% % Hour Fatalities Injuries In 214, the largest number of accidents occurred during evening peak hours, i.e. 5 7 p.m. In this time 787 accidents occurred, 71 people was killed and 92 injured. 24

25 Number of road accidents 2.2. Distribution of road accidents in light and dark time of the day, Time of the day Number of accidents Light % % % % Dark % % % % Total % % % % Distribution of road accidents in light and dark time of the day, Light Dark In 214, 75 % of the total amount of accidents occurred in a light time of the day. This was mostly influenced by traffic volume which in a day time is significantly higher than at night Distribution of road accidents in light and dark time of the day, ,% Light Dark 75,% 25

26 3. ROAD ACCIDENT TYPES AND ROAD USERS This chapter gives data on the participants of fatal and injury accidents on Lithuanian roads, and on accident types: accident victims by the accident type, age, sex, driving experience, people guilty for the accidents, etc. Road traffic accident is a road traffic incident in public or private area which usually involves a vehicle in motion which resulted: death or injury of persons, a damage of at least one vehicle, cargo, road, it s construction or any another property in area of accident. Fatal or injury road accident road accident where people were killed or injured Road users killed or injured during road accidents Road user a person who takes part in road traffic (driver, pedestrian, passenger) Road users killed or injured during road accidents, Road users Drivers Motorcycle drivers Moped drivers Passengers Pedestrians Bicyclists Other Total In 214, pedestrians were the most often killed road users on the roads of Lithuania making 41 % of the total number of road users, the most often injured were passengers 32 %. In 214, compared to 213, number of pedestrians killed increased by 12 % and number of passengers killed increased by 15 %. 26

27 Road users killed during road accidents, 214 7,2%,4%,4% Drivers 25,3% Motorcycle drivers Passengers 4,8% 3,4% Pedestrians Bicyclists 22,6% Moped drivers Other Road users injured during road accidents, 214 7,9% 1,7% 1,1% Drivers 26,7% Motorcycle drivers Passengers 26,6% Pedestrians 3,7% Bicyclists Moped drivers 32,2% Other 27

28 Fatalities Number of accident victims by age group, Age groups Up to 4 years years years years years years years Over 64 years Unidentified Total Distribution of people killed during road accidents by age group, Up to 4 years Over 64 Age groups years Unknown 28

29 1,13% 1,95% 9,3% 15,47% 22,76% 12,83% 17,72% 15,9% 12,86% 16,98% 13,17% 14,72% 1,47% 19,25% 11,88%,38%,18% 4,15% Percentage of victims Number of injured Distribution of people injured during road accidents by age group, Up to 4 years Age groups Over 64 years Unknown Distribution of accident victims by age group, % 3% 25% 2% 15% 1% 5% % Up to 4 years Age groups Over 64 years Unknown In 214, the largest number of accident victims was young years old people. In 214, % years old people were injured and % were killed. 29

30 Number of injured Fatalities Number of road fatalities and injuries by sex, Sex Women Men Unknown Total Distribution of road fatalities by sex, Women Men Unknown Distribution of road injuries by sex, Women Men Unknown In 214, almost three-quarters (72 %) of the total number of people killed during road accidents was taken by men about one-fourth (28 %) by women. A ratio between people injured is almost equal in 214, 53 % of the total people injured were men and 47 % women. 3

31 January February March April May June July August September October November December Percentage of accidents and victims Distribution of pedestrian-involved road accidents by month, 214 Months January % % % February % % % March % % % April % % % May % % % June % % % July % % % August %. % % September % % % October % % % November % % % December % % % Total % 18 1 % % Distribution of pedestrian-involved road accidents by month, % 2% 15% 1% 5% % Fatalities In 214, 177 pedestrian-involved accidents occurred where 18 pedestrians were killed and 134 were injured. The number of pedestrian-involved accidents was obviously higher in December and January. In winter the worsened weather and traffic conditions, a long and dark time of the day negatively affect safety of the most sensitive road users pedestrians. In order to avoid pedestrian-involved accidents both the pedestrians and the vehicle drivers should be more responsible. Pedestrians should carry reflectors, flashlights or other reflecting elements, should use pedestrian paths, if there are no road shoulders, should cross a road or street only being confident that this is safe! The drivers should be more attentive, should take into consideration weather and traffic conditions and should choose safe speed in order to timely stop the vehicle. 31

32 Number of victims Pedestrians killed or injured during road accidents in light and dark time of the day, Time of day Light Dark Total Pedestrians killed or injured during road accidents in light and dark time of the day, in light time of day in dark time of day in light time of day in dark time of day In, 214, the number of pedestrian injuries in a light time of the day was more than twice as much as in a dark time of the day. However, the number of the killed in a dark time of the day was twice as much as in a light time of the day. In a light time of the day a large influence on the amount of accidents is made by traffic volume which in the daytime is higher than at night, therefore, more accidents occur in the daytime. In a dark time of the day the largest influence on traffic safety is made by visibility. In the dark it is more difficult for the driver to catch sight of pedestrian. A pedestrian wearing a reflector, a waistcoat or other clothes with reflecting elements can be noticed at a distance of 3 m, and without reflecting elements only at a distance of 1 m from the vehicle with the high beams turned on. When the vehicle travels with the low beams turned on a pedestrian with reflecting elements can be noticed at a distance of 15 m, without them at a distance of only 5 m. 32

33 January February March April May June July August September October November December Percentage of accidents and victims Distribution of motorcycle drivers-involved road accidents by month, Month January 2 2 February March April May June July August September October November December Total Distribution of motorcycle drivers-involved road accidents by month, % 2% 15% 1% 5% % Fatalities The largest amount of motorcycle-involved accidents is recorded in a warm period of the year, since in spring and summer the highest intensity of this type of vehicles is prevailing. In 214, the largest number of motorcyclists were killed in July and September, i.e. 4 motorcycle drivers. The largest number of motorcycle-involved accidents and driver injuries was recorded in July 37 accidents where 37 motorcyclists became injured. 33

34 Fatalities Distribution of killed or injured motorcycle drivers by age group, Age groups Up to 14 years years years years years years Over 64 years Unidentified Total Distribution of killed motorcycle drivers by age group, Up to 14 years Over 64 years Age groups 34

35 ,% 1,36%,%,% 4,8%,% 2,4% 1,2% 2,% Percentage of victims 25,17% 23,81% 3,% 33,33% 5,% Number of injured Distribution of injured motorcycle drivers by age group, Up to 14 years Over 64 years Age groups Distribution of killed or injured motorcycle drivers by age group, 214 6% 5% 4% 3% 2% 1% % Up to 14 years Over 64 years Age groups years old motorcycle drivers are those who most often get involved into the accident. In 214, the motorcyclists of this age group made half (5 %) of the total motorcyclists killed on the roads and streets of Lithuania. 35

36 Driving experience of the motorcycle drivers, Experience, years Unknown Total

37 Percentage of victims up to 1 year over 25 unknown Number of victims Driving experience of the motorcycle drivers, Driving experience (years) In 214, the motorcycle drivers with less than 2 years driving experience were those who most often got involved into the accidents. Motorcycle is a less safe and more difficult to control vehicle than a car, thus, accident severity is especially dependent on the driving experience Number of killed and injured motorcycle drivers by their qualification, Driver groups Have right to drive Have no right to drive Total Number of killed and injured motorcycle drivers by their qualification, 214 1% 9% 8% 7% 6% 5% 4% 3% 2% 1% % 4 6 Have right to drive Have no right to drive In 214, even 4 % of the total motorcycle drivers killed and 32 % of the total motorcycle drivers injured had no right to drive any type of vehicle. 37

38 Collision Collision with motorcycle Collision with moped Collision with bicycle Collision with pedestrian Collision with obstacle Collision with animal Overturning Collision with the standing vehicle Collision with the rail vehicle Other accidents Number of accidents Road traffic accidents by their type Distribution of road accidents by their type, Accident type Number of accidents Collision % % % % Collision with motorcycle % % % % Collision with moped % % % % Collision with bicycle % % % % Collision with pedestrian % % % % Collision with obstacle % % % % Collision with animal 8.24 % % % 9.27 % Overturning % % % % Collision with the standing % % % % vehicle Collision with the rail vehicle 3.9 % 4.13 % 5.15 % 3.9 % Other accidents % % % % Total % % % % Distribution of road accidents by their type,

39 Distribution of road accidents by their type, 214 Collision,1% Collision with motorcycle 1,4%,3% 9,8% 11,3% 31,1% Collision with moped Collision with bicycle Collision with pedestrian Collision with obstacle Collision with animal 2,7% 32,4% 1,8%,8% Overturning Collision with the standing vehicle 8,3% Collision with the rail vehicle Other accidents In 214, the largest part of all types of accidents was made by collisions with pedestrians 32 % and vehicle collisions 31 % of the total number of road accidents. The smallest part of all types of accidents took collisions with the rail vehicle,1 % Distribution of fatal accidents by accident type, Accident type Collision Collision with motorcycle Collision with moped Collision with bicycle Collision with pedestrian Collision with obstacle Collision with animal Overturning Collision with the standing vehicle Collision with the rail vehicle Other accidents Total

40 Collision Collision with motorcycle Collision with moped Collision with bicycle Collision with pedestrian Collision with obstacle Collision with animal Overturning Collision with the standing vehicle Collision with the rail vehicle Other accidents Number of fatal accidents Distribution of fatal accidents by accident type, Number of road accidents and people killed or injured by additional criterions Number of road accidents and people killed or injured by additional criterions, Road accident At crossroad At pedestrian crossing At railway crossing In sections, which is equipped with lighting Because of animals Because vehicle hit the tree Total In 214, compared to 213, the number of injury accidents at intersections, at pedestrian crossings, in illuminated road sections, at railway crossings and animal-involved accidents decreased. However, the number of accidents where a vehicle hit a tree, increased. 4

41 Number of accidents and victims Number of accidents and victims Distribution of road accidents and victims in animal-involved road accidents, Number of road accidents where a vehicle hit a tree and their victims,

42 Number of accidents and victims Number of accidents and victims Number of road accidents at crossroads and their victims, Number of road accidents at pedestrian crossings and their victims,

43 Number of accidents and victims Number of accidents and victims Number of road accidents at railway crossings and their victims, Number of road accidents in sections witch is equipped with lightning and their victims, m

44 3.4. Road users guilty for the accidents Groups of people guilty for road accidents, Road users guilty for the accidents Number of accidents Drivers % % % % Motorcycle drivers % % % % Moped drivers % % % % Pedestrians % % % % Bicyclists % % % % Other % % % % Total % % % % In 214, 62 % of road accidents were caused by the drivers. The drivers use to speed, to choose unsafe overtaking, to improperly evaluate traffic conditions and road situations, to break traffic rules; they lack driving culture and show disrespect to other road users. A negative impact on road safety is made by driving under the influence of alcohol, drugs, or tired Groups of people guilty for road accidents, 214 2,5% Drivers 8,% Motorcycle drivers 61,7% 5,2% 1,5% Pedestrians 21,% Bicyclists Moped drivers Other 44

45 Collision Collision with motorcycle Collision with moped Collision with bicycle Collision with pedestrian Collision with obstacle Collision with animal Overturning Collision with the standing vehicle Collision with the rail vehicle Other accidents Percentage of accidents People guilty for road accidents by type of accidents and sex, Accident type Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Collision Collision with motorcycle Collision with moped Collision with bicycle Collision with pedestrian Collision with obstacle Collision with animal Overturning Collision with the standing vehicle Collision with the rail vehicle Other accidents Total The largest part of road users guilty for the accidents in 214 was men. Men caused 75% of the total number of accidents. Men caused 88 % of collisions with obstacle, about 77 % collisions with motor vehicle and 7 % of collisions with pedestrians People guilty for road accidents by type of accidents and sex, 214 1% 9% 8% 7% 6% 5% 4% 3% 2% 1% % Men Women 45

46 Driving experience of the drivers guilty for road accidents, Experience, years Up to % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % % 17.8% % % % % % 2.95 % % 3 1.4% % % 19.8 % % % % % 3 1.4% % % % % % % 19.8 % % % % % % % % 1.42 % 16.75% % % % % % 1.47 % % 1.47% % 2.95 % % 16.75% % % % 16.75% % % % 2.94% % % 19.8 % 15.7% % % % 18.84% % % % 14.66% % % % 15.7% % % % 12.56% % % % % Over % % % % Undefined % % % % Total % % % % 46

47 < >4 Percentage of guilty drivers Driving experience of the drivers guilty for road accidents, 214 8% 7% 6% 5% 4% 3% 2% 1% % Driving experience, (years) Most frequently, the drivers guilty for road accidents are those with a short driving experience of one year or less. The novice drivers lack experience, they are often young people having a characteristic levity and the lack of responsibility as well as immoderate self-reliance. In 214, the drivers having a driving experience of two years or less caused 12 % of the total number of road accidents Types of vehicles having participated and caused road accidents, 214 Vehicle type In accidents Participated Damaged Caused Bicycles % % % Carriages 3.6 % 2.5 % 1.4 % Mopeds % % % Motorcycles % % % Cars % % % Buses % % % Agricultural machineries % % % Trucks % % % Trailers, semitrailers % %.4 % Other % % % Total % % % 47

48 4. ROAD ACCIDENTS IN COUNTIES, MUNICIPALITIES AND CITIES This chapter gives data about road accidents and their victims in the counties, municipalities and cities of Lithuania Road accidents and victims by road significance, Road significance National Local* Total * Owned by municipalities 4.2. Road accidents and their victims in counties, County Alytus Kaunas Klaipėda Marijampolė Panevėžys Šiauliai Tauragė Telšiai Utena Vilnius Total In 214, the largest number of accidents and their victims was recorded in Vilnius County 825 accidents (24 % of the total accident number) where 941 people were injured (24 % of the total injured) and 54 people were killed (2 % of the total killed). The lowest number of accidents and victims was recorded in Tauragė County 88 accidents (3% the total accident number), 16 injuries (3 % of the total injured) and 6 deaths (2 % of the total killed). 48

49 Alytaus Kauno Klaipėdos Marijampolės Panevėžio Šiaulių Tauragės Telšių Utenos Vilniaus Number of accidents and victims/1 mln. population 4.3. Number of road accidents and their victims per 1 million inhabitants in counties, County per 1 mln. inhabitants per 1 mln. inhabitants per per 1 1 mln. Population per 1 mln. mln. inhabitants inhabitants inhabitants per 1 mln. inhabitants Population Alytus Kaunas Klaipėda Marijampolė Panevėžys Šiauliai Tauragė Telšiai Utena Vilnius Total The largest number of accidents and people injured per 1 million inhabitants in 214 was registered in Klaipėda County 1433 road accidents and 1686 people injured. The largest number of people killed per 1 million inhabitants was represented by Telšiai County 146 killed road users Number of road accidents and their victims per 1 million inhabitants in counties, Countys 49

50 4.5. Road accidents and their victims in municipalities, Municipality caused by drivers under the influence of alcohol caused by drivers under the influence of drugs caused by drivers under the influence of alcohol caused by drivers under the influence of drugs Alytaus m Birštono m Kauno m Klaipėdos m Palangos m Panevėžio m Šiaulių m Vilniaus m Visagino Druskininkų Elektrėnų Kalvarijos Kazlų Rūdos Marijampolės Neringos Pagėgių Rietavo Akmenės r Alytaus r Anykščių r Biržų r Ignalinos r Jonavos r Joniškio r Jurbarko r Kaišiadorių r Kauno r Kėdainių r Kelmės r Klaipėdos r Kretingos r Kupiškio r Lazdijų r Mažeikių r Molėtų r Pakruojo r Panevėžio r Pasvalio r Plungės r Prienų r Radviliškio r Raseinių r Rokiškio r Skuodo r Šakių r Šalčininkų r Šiaulių r Šilalės r

51 Number of accidents and victims Municipality caused by drivers under the influence of alcohol caused by drivers under the influence of drugs caused by drivers under the influence of alcohol caused by drivers under the influence of drugs Šilutės r Širvintų r Švenčionių r Tauragės r Telšių r Trakų r Ukmergės r Utenos r Varėnos r Vilkaviškio r Vilniaus r Zarasų r Total Road accidents and their victims in rural and residential territory, Territory Rural Urban* Total * Accident data on roads and streets of settlements having a city status Road accidents and their victims in rural and residential territory, Rural Urban 51

52 Though the number of accidents and their victims in the built-up areas is almost twice as much as on rural roads, the number of people killed during road accidents is twice lower. Accident severity is influenced by traffic volume and speeds. The built-up areas have a prevailing large traffic volume and lower speeds than rural areas, thus, more accidents occur there, though their consequences are less severe. In rural areas, vice versa, the traffic volume is not large, however, high speeds prevail which cause severe accidents Distribution of road accidents and their victims in in municipalities by accident type, 214 Accident type Collision % % % Collision with motorcycle % % % Collision with moped 2.87 %. % % Collision with bicycle % % % Collision with pedestrian % % % Collision with obstacle % % % Collision with animal 2.9 % % 3.12 % Overturning % % % Collision with the standing %. % % vehicle* Collision with the rail vehicle 2.9 % % 4.15 % Other accidents % % % Total % 94 1% 26 1 % Collision with pedestrian was the most frequent accident type in Lithuanian cities in 214. Pedestrian-involved accidents made 37.9 % of the total number of city accidents where the killed made 58.5 % of the total number of road users killed in the cities Distribution of road accidents in municipalities by accident type, 214,1% 1,4% 4,3%,1% 2,7% 1,2% 29,6% Collision Collision with motorcycle Collision with moped Collision with bicycle Collision with pedestrian Collision with obstacle Collision with animal 39,7% 8,9% 2,1%,9% Overturning Collision with the standing vehicle Collision with the rail vehicle Other accidents 52

53 4.1. Road users killed or injured during road accidents in the cities of Lithuania, 214 Road users Drivers % % Motorcycle drivers % % Moped drivers % % Passengers % % Pedestrians % % Bicyclists % % Other. % % Total 94 1 % 26 1 % Road users killed during road accidents in the cities of Lithuania, 214 8,5% 1,6% 58,5% 6,4% 1,1% 14,9% Drivers Motorcycle drivers Moped drivers Passengers Pedestrians Bicyclists Other Distribution of road accidents and their victims in the cities of Lithuania by time of the day, 214 Time of day Light % % % Dark % % % Total % 94 1 % 26 1 % 53

54 Number of accidents and victims Distribution of road accidents and their victims in the cities of Lithuania by time of the day, Dark Light In 214, % of the total number of municipality accidents occurred in a light time of the day where the killed made % of the total number of people killed in the cities and the injured made % of the total number of people injured in the cities Road accidents and their victims in the cities of Lithuania, Lithuania has 13 cities having a city status. In 214, the number of fatal and injury accidents in Lithuanian cities amounted to 2159, where 88 people were killed and 2421 were injured. Compared to 213, the number of accidents in the cities was 181 less, 241 less people were injured, however, 1 person more were killed City Population per 1 pop. Population per 1 pop. Akmenė Alytus Anykščiai Ariogala Baltoji Vokė Birštonas Biržai Daugai Druskininkai Dūkštas Dusetos Eišiškės Elektrėnai Ežerėlis

55 City Population per 1 pop. Population per 1 pop. Gargždai Garliava Gelgaudiškis Grigiškės Ignalina Jieznas Jonava Joniškėlis Joniškis Jurbarkas Kaišiadorys Kalvarija Kaunas Kavarskas Kazlų Rūda Kėdainiai Kelmė Kybartai Klaipėda Kretinga Kudirkos Naumiestis Kupiškis Kuršėnai Lazdijai Lentvaris Linkuva Marijampolė Mažeikiai Molėtai Naujoji Akmenė Nemenčinė Neringa Obeliai Pabradė Pagėgiai Pakruojis Palanga Pandėlys Panemunė Panevėžys Pasvalys Plungė Priekulė Prienai Radviliškis

56 City Population per 1 pop. Population per 1 pop. Ramygala Raseiniai Rietavas Rokiškis Rūdiškės Salantai Seda Simnas Skaudvilė Skuodas Smalininkai Subačius Šakiai Šalčininkai Šeduva Šiauliai Šilalė Šilutė Širvintos Švenčionėliai Švenčionys Tauragė Telšiai Tytuvėnai Trakai Troškūnai Ukmergė Utena Užventis Vabalninkas Varėna Varniai Veisiejai Venta Viekšniai Vievis Vilkaviškis Vilkija Vilnius Virbalis Visaginas Zarasai Žagarė Žiežmariai Total

57 4.15. The most dangerous streets of ten largest cities of Lithuania, 214 City Name of street Vilnius Kaunas Klaipėda Šiauliai Panevėžys Kalvarijų Ukmergės Laisvės pr Žirmūnų Ozo Geležinio Vilko Savanorių pr Nemenčinės pl Antakalnio Liepkalnio Savanorių pr Taikos pr K. Baršausko Kovo 11-osios V. Krėvės pr Pramonės pr R. Kalantos Vytauto Karaliaus Mindaugo pr Ateities pl Taikos pr Šilutės pl Liepų H. Manto 1 1 Priestočio 9 12 Klaipėdos Smiltelės 8 9 Liepojos 7 13 Debreceno 6 6 Minijos 6 6 Tilžės Pramonės Vilniaus Vytauto J. Basanavičiaus 5 7 Statybininkų 5 7 Aido 4 4 Aušros al. 4 4 Gardino 4 4 Serbentų P. Cvirkos Klaipėdos 17 2 Nemuno Smėlynės Ramygalos 7 7 J. Basanavičiaus 6 8 Vilniaus 6 6 Parko Aukštaičių

58 City Name of street Alytus Marijampolė Mažeikiai Jonava Utena Beržų Pušaloto 4 6 Naujoji 7 8 Punsko Likiškėlių 3 4 A. Juozapavičiaus 3 3 Statybininkų 3 3 Jotvingių 2 2 Kalniškės 2 2 Vilniaus 2 2 A. Jonyno 1 1 V. Kudirkos 6 7 Kauno 4 6 Saulės 4 5 Vytauto 3 3 Mokolų 2 3 Vasaros 2 3 R. Juknevičiaus 2 2 Vilkaviškio 1 2 Gamyklų 1 1 Gedimino 1 1 Geležinkelio 1 1 Žemaitijos 4 4 Skuodo 3 5 Laisvės 3 3 Naftininkų 3 3 Algirdo 1 2 Pavenčių 1 2 M. Daukšos 1 1 Židikų 1 1 Lietavos 4 4 J. Basanavičiaus 3 3 Žemaitės Kalnų 2 2 Plento 2 2 Žeimių 2 2 Chemikų 1 1 J. Basanavičiaus 3 3 Užpalių Donelaičio g. 1 3 Kauno 1 2 A. Baranausko 1 1 In 214, the most dangerous streets in Vilnius was Kalvarijų and Ukmergės, in Kaunas Savanorių avenue, in Klaipėda Taikos avenue, in Šiauliai Tilžės street, in Panevėžys Klaipėdos and Nemuno streets. 58

59 1 1,4 1,15 1,2 1,32 1,51 1,55 1,42 1,41 1,43 1,44 1,46 1,53 Traffic volume level 5. TRAFFIC VOLUME ON THE ROADS OF NATIONAL SIGNIFICANCE A changing economic situation of the country influences also traffic volume on the roads of the country. In a period of economic rise traffic volume on the roads of Lithuania has been rapidly increasing, and due to the recent economic crisis a rapid growth of traffic volume has stabilized. However in 214 compared to the year 213 traffic volume in Lithuania has increased by 5 % Change in the total traffic volume on the roads of national significance, Years Traffic volume (AADT) Change in the total traffic volume on the roads of national significance, ,8 1,6 1,4 1,2 1,8,6,4,

60 1 1,2 1,8 1,15 1,25 1,43 1,45 1,38 1,34 1,35 1,35 1,37 1,42 Traffic volume level 1 1,3 1,16 1,25 1,35 1,59 1,61 1,45 1,44 1,49 1,49 1,55 1,64 Traffic volume level 5.3. Change in the traffic volume on the roads of national significance by road purpose, Road purpose Traffic volume Main National Regional Change in the traffic volume on main roads, ,8 1,6 1,4 1,2 1,8,6,4, Change in the traffic volume on national roads, ,6 1,4 1,2 1,8,6,4,

61 1 1,4 1,8 1,1 1,16 1,23 1,27 1,21 1,21 1,2 1,21 1,17 1,21 Traffic volume level 5.6. Change in the traffic volume on regional roads, ,4 1,2 1,8,6,4, Average speed on main and national roads, Road purpose Speed limit Average speed Speed limit Average speed Speed limit Average speed Speed limit Average speed Main National Main National Main National Main Main Main

62 Percentage of speeding drivers Percentage of speeding drivers 5.8. Number of drivers who exceed the speed limit on main roads, as registered in the permanent stationery traffic counting posts, 214 1% 9% 8% 7% 6% 5% 4% 3% 2% 1% % Road number and location, km Total More than 1 km/h 5.9. Number of drivers who exceed the speed limit on national roads, as registered in the permanent stationery traffic counting posts, 214 1% 9% 8% 7% 6% 5% 4% 3% 2% 1% % Road number and location, km Total More than 1 km/h 62

63 Percentage of speeding drivers 5.1. Number of drivers who exceed the speed limit on regional roads, as registered in the permanent stationery traffic counting posts, 214 1% 9% 8% 7% 6% 5% 4% 3% 2% 1% % Road number and location, km Total More than 1 km/h A proper speed is one of the most important driving conditions. With the increasing driving speed the time of driver s reaction decreases and the braking distance of vehicle increases. By exceeding the speed limit the driver takes a risk of not only his life but also of other road users lives. In 214, by more than 1 km/h the speed limit was exceeded on main roads by 18 % of the drivers, on national roads by 28 %, on regional roads by 15 % of the drivers. Speeding and inobservance of safe speed is one of the main causes of road accidents. 63

64 5.11. Traffic volume on main and national roads,

65 5.12. Traffic volume of heavy-weight vehicles on main and national roads,

66 6. SAFETY SITUATION ON ROADS OF NATIONAL SIGNIFICANCE This chapter gives data about fatal and injury accidents and their victims on the roads of national significance of Lithuania. The data also includes the sections of the roads of national significance crossing residential territories. The roads of Lithuania according to their significance are divided into the roads of national significance and local significance. The roads of national significance according to their purpose are divided into main, national and regional roads which differ from each other by their function, the level of traffic quality, geometric parameters, etc Traffic volume of heavy-weight vehicles on main and national roads, The total length of the roads of national significance is 21 64,669 km, of which 1 883,124 km are main roads, 5 57,221 km national roads and 14 7,324 km regional roads Road accidents by road significance, 214 Road significance National Local* Total * Owned by municipalities. In 214, 31 % of the total amount of accidents occurred on the roads of national significance, though, due to a larger speed limit the number of the killed on those roads made 65 % of the total number of the killed during road accidents Road accidents and their victims on the roads of national significance, Road purpose per 1 accidents per 1 accidents per 1 accidents per 1 accidents per 1 accidents per 1 accidents per 1 accidents per 1 accidents Main National Regional Total

67 Number of accidents and victims 6.4. Road accidents and their victims on the roads of national significance, Distribution of road accidents on roads of national significance by accident type, Accident type Main National Regional Total Main National Regional Total Main National Regional Total Main National Regional Total Collision Collision with motorcycle Collision with moped Collision with bicycle Collision with pedestrian Collision with obstacle Collision with animal Overturning Collision with the standing vehicle Collision with the rail vehicle Other accidents Total

68 6.6. Distribution of road victims by road user type on roads of national significance, Road users Drivers Motorcycle drivers Moped drivers Passengers Pedestrians Bicyclists Other Total On the roads of national significance drivers and passengers were the road users who most often got involved into the accidents. In 214, on the roads of national significance 56 drivers were killed and 546 passengers were injured Road accidents on main roads In 214, on main roads of Lithuania 26 fatal and injury accidents occurred where 49 people were killed and 317 were injured. Road accidents on main roads made 8 % of the total number of road accidents in 214 and 25 % of the total number of all accidents on national significance roads Road accidents and their victims on main roads, Road No A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A

69 Number of accidents and victims Number of accidents and victims Road No A A A A A Total Road accidents and their victims on main roads, Road accidents and their victims on main roads, A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 A8 A9 A1 A11 A12 A13 A14 A15 A16 A17 A18 A19 A2 69

70 The largest number of road accidents and victims in 214 was recorded on the main road A1 Vilnius Kaunas Klaipėda. The main reason for a high accident number on this road is that it is the longest main road in Lithuania. Also, in the road environment one can find settlements, bus stations, pedestrians and bicyclists causing a high accident risk since main roads have the prevailing high speeds Number of road accidents and their victims per 1 km of main roads, Years Length of main roads, km per 1 km per 1 km per 1 km Number of road accidents and their victims per 1 km of main roads, 214 Road per 1 km Accident data per 1 km per 1 km A1 Vilnius Kaunas Klaipėda A2 Vilnius Panevėžys A3 Vilnius Minskas A4 Vilnius Varėna Gardinas A5 Kaunas Marijampolė Suvalkai A6 Kaunas Zarasai Daugpilis A7 Marijampolė Kybartai Kaliningradas A8 Panevėžys Aristava Sitkūnai A9 Panevėžys Šiauliai A1 Panevėžys Pasvalys Ryga A11 Šiauliai Palanga A12 Ryga Šiauliai Tauragė Kaliningradas A13 Klaipėda Liepoja A14 Vilnius Utena A15 Vilnius Lyda A16 Vilnius Prienai Marijampolė A17 Panevėžio bypass A18 Šiaulių bypass A19 Vilniaus southern bypass... A2 Ukmergės northern bypass... Total

71 ,,,4 Density of accidents, accidents/km,1,8,9,12,12,12,15,14,13,16,18,19,18,18,21,27, Number of road accidents per 1 km of main roads, 214,4,3,3,2,2,1,1, A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 A8 A9 A1 A11 A12 A13 A14 A15 A16 A17 A18 A19 A2 Road number Accident indices of main roads, 214 Length of main roads, km Percentage of the total number of people killed per 1 accidents per 1 km Percentage of the total number of people injured per 1 accidents per 1 km % % Distribution of road accidents on main roads by accident type, Accident type Number of accidents Collision % % % % Collision with motorcycle % 2.77 % % % Collision with moped % % 1.4 % % Collision with bicycle % % % % Collision with pedestrian % % % % Collision with obstacle % % % 2.77 % Collision with animal % % % % Overturning % % % % Collision with the standing vehicle % % % % Collision with the rail vehicle. %. %. %. % Other accidents % % % % Total % % % 26 1 % 71

72 Distribution of road accidents on main roads by accident type, 214 1,5%,8% 3,8% 13,5% 17,7% 3,5% 5,% Collision 1,2% 1,2% 51,9% Collision with motorcycle Collision with moped Collision with bicycle Collision with pedestrian Collision with obstacle Collision with animal Overturning Collision with the standing vehicle Collision with the rail vehicle Other accidents and victims on Trans-European Network (TEN) corridors and other main roads, Year and victims TEN corridors Main roads do not belonging to TEN Total corridors /km Fatalities/km Injuries/km /km Fatalities/km Injuries/km /km Fatalities/km Injuries/km /km Fatalities/km Injuries/km

73 Number of fatalities/1 km In 1994, the following Trans-European Network (TEN) corridors crossing Lithuania were identified at the European Conference of Ministers of Transport: corridor I main roads A5, A8, A1, A17; corridor I A main roads A12 and A18; corridor IX B main roads A1 and A3; corridor IX D main road A7. In 214, accident indices on TEN roads were very similar to accident indices on the main roads not belonging to the Trans-European Network corridors. 1 km of TEN roads accounted for 2 people killed, 1 km of the main roads not belonging to the TEN corridors accounted for 3 people killed Data about road fatalities on the Trans-European Network (TEN) corridors and other main roads of Lithuania, Trans-European network corridors Main roads do not belonging to TEN corridors 6.8. Road accidents on national roads In 214, on national roads of Lithuania 419 fatal and injury accidents occurred where 6 people were killed and 539 were injured. Road accidents on main roads made 13 % of the total number of road accidents in 214 and 41 % of the total number of all accidents on national significance roads Road accidents and their victims on national roads, Years* * * * * Including connecting road traffic accidents 73

74 Number of accidents and victims Road accidents and their victims on national roads, * * * * Including connecting road traffic accidents Accident indices of national roads, 214 Length of national roads, km Percentage of the total number of accidents per 1 km Percentage of the total number of people killed per 1 accidents per 1 km Percentage of the total number of people injured per 1 accidents per 1 km % % % National roads with the highest accident concentration in 214 Accident data Accident Kelio Nr. Road number and name per 1 density km a./km 228 Dauparai Gargždai Vėžaičiai Kaišiadorys Žiežmariai Aristava Kėdainiai Cinkiškiai Marijampolė Kalvarija Klaipėda Kretinga Aleksandrija Ginkūnai Joniškio aplinkkelis Naujoji Vilnia Rudamina Vaidotai Ariogala Raseiniai Kryžkalnis Vilnius Polockas Kaunas Prienai Alytus Gargždai Kretinga

75 Accident data Accident Kelio Nr. Road number and name per 1 density km a./km 232 Vilijampolė Žeimiai Šėta Kelmė Tytuvėnai Pakruojis Linkuva Rumšiškės Tadarava Marijampolė Liudvinavas Krosna Mažeikių aplinkkelis Klaipėda Jokūbavas Alytus Seirijai Lazdijai Plungė Vėžaičiai Kaunas Zapyškis Šakiai Naujieji Valkininkai Daugai Alytus Mažeikiai Plungė Tauragė Kvėdarna Švėkšna Saugos Kiduliai Ramoniškiai Alytus Simnas Kalvarija Total According to the accident density, in 214, the highest number of accidents was represented by the national road No. 228 Dauparai Gargždai Vėžaičiai. 1 km of this road accounted for 67 road accidents Distribution of road accidents on national roads by accident type, Accident type Number of accidents Collision % % % % Collision with motorcycle % 5.95 % % % Collision with moped 4.76 % 5.95 % % % Collision with bicycle % % % % Collision with pedestrian % % % % Collision with obstacle % % % % Collision with animal 2.38 % 3.57 % 1.23 % 3.72 % Overturning % % % % Collision with the standing vehicle % % 3.69 %. % Collision with the rail vehicle 1.19 % 1.19 % 1.23 %. % Other accidents % % % % Total % % % % 75

76 Number of accidents and victims Distribution of road accidents on national roads by accident type, 214 Collision 13,4% Collision with motorcycle Collision with moped 17,4% 35,1% Collision with bicycle Collision with pedestrian Collision with obstacle Collision with animal,7% Overturning 2,4% 18,9% 9,3% 1,7% 1,2% Collision with the standing vehicle Collision with the rail vehicle Other accidents 6.9. Road accidents on regional roads In 214, on regional roads of Lithuania 349 fatal and injury accidents occurred where 62 people were killed and 433 were injured. Road accidents on main roads made 1 % of the total number of road accidents in 214 and 34 % of the total number of all accidents on national significance roads Number of road accidents and their victims on regional roads, Years Number of road accidents and their victims on regional roads,

77 Accident indices of regional roads, 214 Length of regional roads, km Percentage of the total number of accidents per 1 km Percentage of the total number of people killed per 1 accidents per 1 km Percentage of the total number of people injured per 1 accidents per 1 km % % % Regional roads with the highest accident concentration in 214 Accident data Road No. Road per 1 km per 1 km 4636 Privažiuojamasis kelias prie Telšių nuo kelio Telšiai Varniai Laukuva Privažiuojamasis kelias prie Tulnikių nuo kelio Reivyčiai Leckava Baleliai Viškonys Pabiržė Likėnai Noriūnai Palėvenė Privažiuojamasis kelias prie Kretingos nuo kelio Gargždai Kretinga Meškiai Bubių vandens saugykla Privažiuojamasis kelias prie Trakiškių nuo kelio Vilnius Prienai Marijampolė Privažiuojamasis kelias prie Germanto ežero nuo kelio Telšiai Alsėdžiai Barstyčiai Skuodas 3535 Privažiuojamasis kelias prie Girkalnio nuo kelio Girkalnis Pramedžiava Karakurai Jonava Gudžioniai Narbutai Limeikiai Truikiai Prūsaliai Ukrinai Bukančiai Kiemeliai Gudiena Jundeliškės Nemajūnai Gataučiai Stupurai Talokiai Revai Šakiai Matuliai Kuršėnai Smilgiai Aukštelkė Vaišvydava Girionys Žiegždriai Muiželėnai Domantonys Savičiūnai Baltriškės Kaišiadorys Stasiūnai Triliškės Privažiuojamasis kelias prie Nemenčinės nuo kelio Vilnius Švenčionys Zarasai

78 Accident data Road No. Road per 1 km per 1 km 198 Privažiuojamasis kelias prie Kačerginės nuo kelio Kaunas Zapyškis Šakiai Total The worst safety situation could be found on the regional road No Privažiuojamasis kelias prie Telšių nuo kelio Telšiai Varniai Laukuva. 1 km of this road accounted for 85 road accidents Distribution of road accidents on regional roads by accident type, Accident type Number of accidents Collision % % % % Collision with motorcycle 4.98 % % 1.29 % % Collision with moped. % % % 1.29 % Collision with bicycle % % % % Collision with pedestrian % % % % Collision with obstacle % % % % Collision with animal 2.49 % 2.52 % 2.57 %. % Overturning % % % % Collision with the standing vehicle % % % 2.57 % Collision with the rail vehicle 1.24 % 1.26 % 2.57 % 1.29 % Other accidents % % % % Total 49 1 % % 35 1 % % Distribution of road accidents on regional roads by accident type, 214 Collision Collision with motorcycle,3% 17,8% 2,3% Collision with moped,6% 9,5% 1,1%,3% Collision with bicycle Collision with pedestrian Collision with obstacle Collision with animal 31,5% Overturning 13,8% Collision with the standing vehicle 4,9% Collision with the rail vehicle Other accidents 78

79 6.1. Animal-involved road accidents on the roads of national significance In 214 in Lithuania 9 animal involved accidents occurred where 1 person died and 13 people were injured. The largest amount of animal-involved accidents was on main roads Number of animal-involved road accidents and their victims on roads of national significance, Road significance Main National Regional Total Animal-involved road accidents on main roads, Road No. in 4 years A A A3 A4 1 1 A5 A6 A7 A8 1 1 A9 1 1 A1 1 1 A A12 A A A15 A A A18 A A Total In 214, 4 animal-involved accident occurred on main roads of Lithuania. The worst safety situation could be found on the main road No. A1 Vilnius Kaunas Klaipėda 7 injury accidents with animals in 4 years. 79

80 Animal-involved road accidents on national roads, Road No. in 4 years Total Animal-involved road accidents on regional roads, Road No. in 4 years Total

81 Animal-involved road accidents by animal species, Domestic animals Animal Number of accidents Horse 1 Cow or ox 2 Dog 1 Total 4 Wild animals Animal Number of accidents Moose 23 Roe 3 Boar 1 Deer 1 Aurochs 1 Total 29 Unknown 5 Total 34 Most frequently accidents are caused by wild animals (76 %). 79 % accidents caused by wild animals are caused by moose running to the road Road accidents caused by wild and domestic animals, ,2% 1,5% Domestic animals Wild animals Unknown 76,3% 81

82 Distribution of animal-involved accidents by wild animals by animal species, ,4% 3,4% 3,4% Moose Roe Boar Deer Aurochs 1,3% 79,3% Distribution of accidents caused by domestic animals by animal species, ,% 25,% Horse Cow or ox Dog 5,% Road accidents where a vehicle hit a tree In 214, 83 accidents took place on the roads of national significance of Lithuania where a vehicle hit a tree, while 27 road occupant was killed and 11 were injured. 82

83 Road accidents where a vehicle hit a tree on the roads of national significance, Road purpose Main National Regional Total Road accidents where a vehicle hit a tree on the roads of national significance, ,6% 9,6% Main National Regional 45,8% Road accidents at railway crossings on roads of national significance, Road accidents at railway crossings and their victims on roads of national significance, Road purpose Main National Regional Total

84 Number of accidents and victims Road accidents at railway crossings on roads of national significance, Main National Regional Road type In 214, at the railway crossings with the roads of national significance of Lithuania 1 fatal accident occurred where 1 person died. Compared to 213, the number of accidents was 3 less Road accidents at railway crossings on specific national and regional roads, Road No Total

85 Number of accidents and victims Road accidents at crossroads on roads of national significance, Road accidents at crossroads and victims on roads of national significance, Road purpose Main National Regional Total In 214, at the intersections of the roads of national significance of Lithuania 157 fatal and injury accidents took place where 16 people were killed and 25 were injured. Compared to 213 the number of accidents were 12 less, however, the number of people killed increased by Road accidents and victims at crossroads on roads of national significance, Main National Regional 4 Road type 85

86 Road accidents at crossings on specific main roads, Road No. A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A A Total The largest amount of injury road accidents in 214 occurred at the junctions of the main road A6 Kaunas Zarasai Daugpilis 1 accidents, where 1 person were killed and 1 injured. However the largest number of people killed accrued on man road A5 Kaunas Marijampolė Suvalkai (a part of Via Baltica road) on this road 4 people were killed Road accidents at crossings on specific national roads, Road No

87 Road No

88 Road No Total The largest amount of fatal and injury road accidents in 214 occurred at the junctions of the national road No. 141 Kaunas Jurbarkas Šilutė Klaipėda 6 accidents where 7 people were injured Road accidents at crossings on specific regional roads, Road No

89 Road No

90 Road No

91 Number of accidents and victims Road No Total Distribution of road accidents and victims by intersection regulation type, Intersection regulation type Not regulated Regulated Regulated by ACS* Total * Automatic Control System The largest amount of accidents in 214 occurred at non-regulated intersections, i.e. 143 accidents. During the accidents 15 road users were killed and 189 were injured. Compared to 213, 8 more accidents occurred at non-regulated intersections and 4 people more were killed Distribution of road accidents and victims by intersection regulation type, Not regulated Regulated Regulated by ACS* * Automatic Control System 91

92 Number of black spots 7. BLACK SPOTS ON MAIN AND NATIONAL ROADS Black spot is a location of road where in a section of 5 meters during four years at least four fatal or injury accidents took place and the accident indices (accident density and accident coefficient 1 have reached or exceeded the limit values). Such locations could usually be found at the approaches to the bus stops, in at-grade intersections of limited visibility, on road sections with insufficient visibility, vertical and horizontal curves of small radius, on road sections closely overgrown with trees, i.e. on those road sections where, due certain elements of road and its environment, there is a higher risk of accidents. In 215, 37 black spots were identified on main roads of Lithuania, 18 on main roads, 17 on national roads and 2 on regional roads. In 215, compared to 214, on national significance roads 17 new black spots were determined, 12 black spots remained the same (the length of the road section has not changed), 8 black spots migrated (the length of the road section has changed). In the black spots identified on the roads of national significance in the period as much as 197 fatal and injury accident occurred where 2 people were killed and 26 were injured Change in the number of black spots, Main and national roads Regional roads 1 Accident density indicates the number of road accidents per 1 km of road section per year; Accident rate indicates the number of road accidents per 1 million vehicles passing a 1 km road section per year. (Source: Methodology for Identifying High-Accident Locations on the Roads of National Significance, approved by the Decree No of the Minister of Transport and Communications of the Republic of Lithuania on June 7, 211). 92

93 Number of black spots Number of black spots 7.2. Number of black spots on main roads, A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 A8 A9 A1 A11 A12 A13 A14 A15 A16 A17 A18 A19 A2 Road number In 215, the largest number of black spots was identified on the main road No. A6 Kaunas Zarasai Daugavpils 6 black spots Number of black spots on national roads, Road number In 215, 1 black spot was identified on 17 national roads. 93

94 7.4. Black spots on main and national roads in 215, based on data on fatal and injury accidents 94

95 7.5. Change in the black spots on main and national roads in the period

96 Number of accidents and victims 8. ROAD ACCIDENTS CAUSED BY THE ROAD USERS UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF ALCOHOL AND HAVING NO RIGHT TO DRIVE 8.1. Road accidents caused by the road users under the influence of alcohol Drinking and driving are two incompatible things. Specialists affirm that even such a small bloodalcohol content as.1 % affects the driver s brains. With the increasing alcohol concentration in the blood the driver s reaction and vision worsen. The driver makes a wrong evaluation of speed, distance, and actions of other road users. In 214, vehicle drivers under the influence of alcohol caused 344 accidents where 449 people were injured and 47 people were killed Road accidents and their victims caused by the road users under the influence of alcohol, Road users guilty for the accidents Drivers Motorcycle drivers Moped drivers Pedestrians Bicyclists Total Road accidents and their victims caused by the road users under the influence of alcohol by people guilty, Due to drunken drivers Due to drunken moped drivers Due to drunken bicyclists Due to drunken motorcycle drivers Due to drunken pedestrians 96

97 Number of accidents and victims Road accidents and their victims caused by the road users under the influence of alcohol in the road network of national significance, Road purpose Main National Regional Total Road accidents and their victims caused by the road users under the influence of alcohol in the road network of national significance, Main National Regional 2 97

98 Number of accidents and victims Road accidents and their victims caused by the road users under the influence of alcohol in the road network of national significance, Road accidents caused by the drivers having no right to drive Another problem on the roads of Lithuania the drivers having no right to drive. They can be divided into two groups: those having no right to drive any vehicle (not finished driving courses, or the right to drive was taken away due to the earlier made offences), those not meeting the category of the vehicle which he drove (e.g. the driver drove a truck having the right to drive only a passenger car). In 214, through the fault of drivers having no right to drive 2 road accidents occurred where 25 people were killed and 264 were injured. 91 % of the offenders had no right to drive any vehicle, and 9 % did not meet the vehicle category Road accidents and their victims caused by the drivers having no right to drive by group of drivers, Road users guilty for the accidents Don t have right to drive Not meeting the category of the vehicle Total

99 Number of accidents and victims Road accidents and their victims caused by the drivers having no right to drive, Don't have right to drive Not meeting the category of the vehicle Road accidents and their victims caused by the drivers having no right to drive in the road network of national significance, Road purpose Main National Regional Total

100 Number of accidents and victims Number of accidents and victims Road accidents and their victims caused by the drivers having no right to drive in the road network of national significance, Road accidents and their victims caused by the drivers having no right to drive in the road network of national significance, Main National Regional 8.3. Black spots of 215 the occurrence of which was influenced by road accidents caused by drunken drivers and those having no right to drive In 215, 8 black spots on national significance roads were identified which resulted from the road accidents caused by drunken drivers and those having no right to drive a vehicle. 1 black spot were identified on main roads and 7 on national roads. On regional roads there were no black spots caused by drunken drivers and those having no right to drive a vehicle. 1

101 Black spots the occurrence of which was influenced by road accidents caused by drunken drivers and those having no right to drive,

102 Damage, mln. Number of accidents 9. ROAD ACCIDENT LOSSES CAUSED FOR THE ECONOMY OF LITHUANIA Due to road accidents the Republic of Lithuania suffers economic losses every year. The damage of road accidents directly depends on the number of road users killed and injured. Accident prices are determined according to the Methodology for Calculating Accident Losses 2. The amount of damage incurred by the State varies depending on the level of the country s economy and inflation. In 214, the damage to the economy of Lithuania due to 1 person killed during road accident amounted almost to 6, due to the person injured about 54. Due to the road accidents in 214 the Republic of Lithuania lost almost 369 million Cost of one person killed or injured in road accident, Victims of road accidents Damage, mln. Person killed Person injured Damage to the economy of Lithuania caused by road accidents, Years Damage, mln Change in the damage to the economy of Lithuania caused by road accidents, , ,9 351,2 368,97 37, 365, 36, 355, 35, , , 34, 335, 33, 325, 2 Source: Methodology for Calculating Accident Losses. Lithuanian Road Administration. State Enterprise Transport and Road Research Institute. Final report. Kaunas,

103 9.4. Damage to the economy of Lithuania caused by road accidents on the roads of national significance, Road type Main National Regional Total Damage, mln Damage, mln Damage, mln Damage, mln Damage to the economy of Lithuania caused by road accidents on the roads of local significance, Years Damage, mln Damage to the economy of Lithuania caused by road accidents by accident type, Accident type Damage, mln. and percentage Collision % % % % Collision with motorcycle % % % % Collision with moped % % % % Collision with bicycle % % % % Collision with pedestrian % % % % Collision with obstacle % % % % Collision with animal 1..3 % % % % Overturning % % % % Collision with the standing vehicle % % % % Collision with the rail vehicle.67.2 % %.88.2 % % Other accidents % % % % Total % % % % Collisions with pedestrians cause the largest damage to the economy of Lithuania. In 214, collisions with pedestrians caused 32.2 % of the total accident damage incurred by the State. 13

104 9.7. Damage to the economy of Lithuania caused by road accidents by the group of age of the guilty drivers, Age groups Damage, mln. and percentage Up to 4 years.. %.1. %.. %.. % 5-14 years.24.1 %.2.1 %.26.1 %.76.3 % years % % % % years % % % % years % % % % years % % % % years % % % % Over 64 years % % % % Unidentified % % % % Total % % % % In year 214 largest damage to the economy of Lithuania is made by a careless behaviour of years old drivers. In 214, due to the road accidents caused by years old drivers the economy of Lithuania lost almost 63 million. 14

105 1. ROAD TRAFFIC SAFETY IN EUROPE AND IN THE WORLD In 214, based on CARE database information, in the European Union the average number of people killed per 1 million inhabitants was 51. In 214, in Lithuania 9 people were killed per 1 million inhabitants. A higher number of people killed on Lithuania s roads per 1 million inhabitants in 214 was represented only by Romania (91 killed/million inhabitants) and Latvia (16 killed/million inhabitants). The leading country between the EU Member States in 214 was Malta where 26 people were killed per 1 million inhabitants Number of people killed in European Union countries per 1 million inhabitants, No. Country Number of killed /1 mln. inhabitants 1 Malta Netherlands * 3 United Kingdom Sweden Denmark Spain Finland Germany Ireland Austria Italy Cyprus Slovenia France Slovakia Estonia Portugal Czech Republic Hungary Belgium Luxembourg Greece Croatia Poland Bulgaria Lithuania Romania Latvia * 213 data Source: CARE (EU road accidents database) or national publications 15

106 1.2. Number of people killed in Lithuania and other European countries per 1 million inhabitants, 214 Number of killed per 1 mln. population Malta Netherlands * United Kingdom Sweden Denmark Spain Finland Germany Ireland Austria Italy Cyprus Slovenia France Slovakia Estonia Portugal Czech Republic Hungary Belgium Luxembourg Greece Croatia Poland 84 Bulgaria Lithuania Romania Latvia 16 * 213 data Lithuania since 211 seeks a new strategic objective defined in the National Traffic Safety Development Program for By improving the traffic safety situation, Lithuania will make every effort to achieve that by the number of people killed on the roads per million inhabitants Lithuania would be rated between the top 1 safest European Union countries (or 6 16

107 Fatalities fatalities per 1 million inhabitants). In 214, the number of people killed per 1 million inhabitants in Lithuania was 9. Analysis of the distribution of road deaths by road maintenance authorities showed that 65 % of the total number of road victims were killed on the road sections under the supervision of Lithuanian Road Administration of the Ministry of Transport and Communications of Lithuania (LRA) and 35 % of the total number of road victims were killed on the roads supervised by the municipalities. Compared to 211, when the new strategic goal was set, the number of the killed on the roads of LRA decreased by 19 %, on the roads and streets of municipalities increased by 11 % Distribution of the people killed during road accidents by the road managing institutions, LRA Municipalities 17

108 The number of road fatalities in EU and Lithuania compared with other non-eu countries in 213 Switzerland Israel Norway Japan Iceland Turkey EU Australia Liechtenstein Canada New Zealand Serbia Lithuania Moldavia Bosnia and Herzegovina USA Korea Ukraine India Georgia Montenegro Chile Argentina Azerbaijan Albania Russian Federation Number of killed per 1 mln. population * Source: OECD database; IRTAD Road safety annual report 215. The largest amount of deaths per 1 million population in 213 was registered in Russian Federation 19 road fatalities. The lowest amount of road fatalities per 1 million people was registered in Switzerland 33 fatalities. 18

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