# 2012 TEKS Texas Lesson Alignment

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1 BUI TEX for LT AS Gra SCHOOL YEAR 2012 TEKS Texas Lesson Alignment d e s 3 A lg e b r a I

2 P 3-4 Place Value with Whole Numbers Place Value and Rounding Addition and Subtraction Concepts Regrouping Concepts Add and Subtract within 1,000 Multiply by Multiples of Ten 3.2.A 3.2.B 3.2.C Unit: Number and Operations in Base Ten compose and decompose numbers up to 100,000 as a sum of so many ten thousands, so many thousands, so many hundreds, so many tens, and so many ones using objects, pictorial models, and numbers, including expanded notation as appropriate describe the mathematical relationships found in the base-10 place value system through the hundred thousands place represent a number on a number line as being between two consecutive multiples of 10; 100; 1,000; or 10,000 and use words to describe relative size of numbers in order to round whole numbers 3.2.D compare and order whole numbers up to 100,000 and represent comparisons using the symbols >, <, or = 3.2.C represent a number on a number line as being between two consecutive multiples of 10; 100; 1,000; or 10,000 and use words to describe relative size of numbers in order to round whole numbers 3.2.D compare and order whole numbers up to 100,000 and represent comparisons using the symbols >, <, or = 3.4.A 3.5.A 3.4.A 3.4.A 3.5.A 3.4.F 3.4.G solve with fluency one-step and two-step problems involving addition and subtraction within 1,000 using strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and the relationship between addition and subtraction represent one- and two-step problems involving addition and subtraction of whole numbers to 1,000 using pictorial models, number lines, and equations solve with fluency one-step and two-step problems involving addition and subtraction within 1,000 using strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and the relationship between addition and subtraction solve with fluency one-step and two-step problems involving addition and subtraction within 1,000 using strategies based on place value, properties of operations, and the relationship between addition and subtraction represent one- and two-step problems involving addition and subtraction of whole numbers to 1,000 using pictorial models, number lines, and equations recall facts to multiply up to 10 by 10 with automaticity and recall the corresponding division facts use strategies and algorithms, including the standard algorithm, to multiply a two-digit number by a one-digit number. Strategies may include mental math, partial products, and the commutative, associative, and distributive properties 1 of 46

3 P 3-4 Multiply by Multiples of Ten (continued) Understand and Use Place Value Round Whole Numbers Add and Subtract Whole Numbers Properties of Multiplication and Division Multiply Whole Numbers 3.4.K 3.5.B 3.5.D 4.4.B 4.2.A 4.2.B solve one-step and two-step problems involving multiplication and division within 100 using strategies based on objects; pictorial models, including arrays, area models, and equal groups; properties of operations; or recall of facts represent and solve one- and two-step multiplication and division problems within 100 using arrays, strip diagrams, and equations determine the unknown whole number in a multiplication or division equation relating three whole numbers when the unknown is either a missing factor or product determine products of a number and 10 or 100 using properties of operations and place value understandings interpret the value of each place-value position as 10 times the position to the right and as one-tenth of the value of the place to its left represent the value of the digit in whole numbers through 1,000,000,000 and decimals to the hundredths using expanded notation and numerals 4.2.C compare and order whole numbers to 1,000,000,000 and represent comparisons using the symbols >, <, or = 4.2.D 4.4.A 4.8.C 4.4.D 4.4.F 4.4.C 4.4.D round whole numbers to a given place value through the hundred thousands place add and subtract whole numbers and decimals to the hundredths place using the standard algorithm solve problems that deal with measurements of length, intervals of time, liquid volumes, mass, and money using addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division as appropriate use strategies and algorithms, including the standard algorithm, to multiply up to a four-digit number by a onedigit number and to multiply a two-digit number by a two-digit number. Strategies may include mental math, partial products, and the commutative, associative, and distributive properties use strategies and algorithms, including the standard algorithm, to divide up to a four-digit dividend by a one-digit divisor represent the product of 2 two-digit numbers using arrays, area models, or equations, including perfect squares through 15 by 15 use strategies and algorithms, including the standard algorithm, to multiply up to a four-digit number by a onedigit number and to multiply a two-digit number by a two-digit number. Strategies may include mental math, partial products, and the commutative, associative, and distributive properties 2 of 46

4 P 3-4 Multiply Whole Numbers (continued) Divide Whole Numbers Decimals to Hundredths Decimal Notation Compare Decimal Fractions Compare Decimals Fraction and Decimal Equivalents Place Value 4.4.F 4.4.H 4.4.E 4.4.H 4.2.B 4.2.E 4.2.G 4.3.G 4.2.B 4.2.E 4.2.H 4.2.G 4.3.G 4.2.F use strategies and algorithms, including the standard algorithm, to divide up to a four-digit dividend by a one-digit divisor solve with fluency one- and two-step problems involving multiplication and division, including interpreting remainders represent the quotient of up to a four-digit whole number divided by a one-digit whole number using arrays, area models, or equations solve with fluency one- and two-step problems involving multiplication and division, including interpreting remainders represent the value of the digit in whole numbers through 1,000,000,000 and decimals to the hundredths using expanded notation and numerals represent decimals, including tenths and hundredths, using concrete and visual models and money relate decimals to fractions that name tenths and hundredths represent fractions and decimals to the tenths or hundredths as distances from zero on a number line represent the value of the digit in whole numbers through 1,000,000,000 and decimals to the hundredths using expanded notation and numerals represent decimals, including tenths and hundredths, using concrete and visual models and money determine the corresponding decimal to the tenths or hundredths place of a specified point on a number line relate decimals to fractions that name tenths and hundredths represent fractions and decimals to the tenths or hundredths as distances from zero on a number line compare and order decimals using concrete and visual models to the hundredths 5.2.B compare and order two decimals to thousandths and represent comparisons using the symbols >, <, or = 6.4.G 4.2.B generate equivalent forms of fractions, decimals, and percents using real-world problems, including problems that involve money represent the value of the digit in whole numbers through 1,000,000,000 and decimals to the hundredths using expanded notation and numerals 3 of 46

5 Multiply and Divide Whole Numbers Operations with Whole Numbers Decimals to Thousandths 5.3.B 5.3.C 5.3.K 5.4.B 6.3.E 5.2.A multiply with fluency a three-digit number by a two-digit number using the standard algorithm solve with proficiency for quotients of up to a four-digit dividend by a two-digit divisor using strategies and the standard algorithm add and subtract positive rational numbers fluently represent and solve multi-step problems involving the four operations with whole numbers using equations with a letter standing for the unknown quantity multiply and divide positive rational numbers fluently Round Decimals 5.2.C round decimals to tenths or hundredths Add and Subtract Decimals Multiply and Divide Decimals 5.3.K 5.3.D 5.3.E 5.3.F 5.3.G 6.3.E 7.3.A 7.3.B represent the value of the digit in decimals through the thousandths using expanded notation and numerals add and subtract positive rational numbers fluently represent multiplication of decimals with products to the hundredths using objects and pictorial models, including area models solve for products of decimals to the hundredths, including situations involving money, using strategies based on place-value understandings, properties of operations, and the relationship to the multiplication of whole numbers represent quotients of decimals to the hundredths, up to four-digit dividends and two-digit whole number divisors, using objects and pictorial models, including area models solve for quotients of decimals to the hundredths, up to four-digit dividends and two-digit whole number divisors, using strategies and algorithms, including the standard algorithm multiply and divide positive rational numbers fluently add, subtract, multiply, and divide rational numbers fluently apply and extend previous understandings of operations to solve problems using addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of rational numbers 4 of 46

6 Powers of Ten Operations with Decimals 4.2.A 4.2.B 7.3.A 7.3.B interpret the value of each place-value position as 10 times the position to the right and as one-tenth of the value of the place to its left represent the value of the digit in whole numbers through 1,000,000,000 and decimals to the hundredths using expanded notation and numerals add, subtract, multiply, and divide rational numbers fluently apply and extend previous understandings of operations to solve problems using addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of rational numbers 5 of 46

7 Unit: Measurement and Data Money Sense* 3.4.C determine the value of a collection of coins and bills Add and Subtract Time* 3.7.C determine the solutions to problems involving addition and subtraction of time intervals in minutes using pictorial models or tools such as a 15-minute event plus a 30-minute event equals 45 minutes determine the area of rectangles with whole number side lengths in problems using multiplication related to the number of rows times the number of unit squares in each row determine the area of rectangles with whole number side lengths in problems using multiplication related to the number of rows times the number of unit squares in each row decompose composite figures formed by rectangles into non-overlapping rectangles to determine the area of the original figure using the additive property of area decompose two congruent two-dimensional figures into parts with equal areas and express the area of each part as a unit fraction of the whole and recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape use models to determine the formulas for the perimeter of a rectangle (l + w + l + w or 2l + 2w), including the special form for perimeter of a square (4s) and the area of a rectangle (l x w) Concept of Area 3.6.C Area of Rectangles 3.6.C Area of Basic Composite Figures* 3.6.D 3.6.E P 3-4 Perimeter 4.5.C 4.5.D 4.8.C solve problems related to perimeter and area of rectangles where dimensions are whole numbers solve problems that deal with measurements of length, intervals of time, liquid volumes, mass, and money using addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division as appropriate 5.4.H represent and solve problems related to perimeter and/or area and related to volume 4.5.C use models to determine the formulas for the perimeter of a rectangle (l + w + l + w or 2l + 2w), including the special form for perimeter of a square (4s) and the area of a rectangle (l x w) Area and Perimeter of Rectangles 4.5.D 4.8.C solve problems related to perimeter and area of rectangles where dimensions are whole numbers solve problems that deal with measurements of length, intervals of time, liquid volumes, mass, and money using addition, subtraction, multiplication, or division as appropriate 5.4.H represent and solve problems related to perimeter and/or area and related to volume 3.7.D determine when it is appropriate to use measurements of liquid volume (capacity) or weight Capacity or Weight* 3.7.E determine liquid volume (capacity) or weight using appropriate units and tools 6 of 46

8 P 3-4 Units of Measure: Customary* Units of Measure: Metric* Angles 0 to 180* 4.8.A 4.8.B identify relative sizes of measurement units within the customary and metric systems convert measurements within the same measurement system, customary or metric, from a smaller unit into a larger unit or a larger unit into a smaller unit when given other equivalent measures represented in a table 5.7 solve problems by calculating conversions within a measurement system, customary or metric 4.8.A 4.8.B identify relative sizes of measurement units within the customary and metric systems convert measurements within the same measurement system, customary or metric, from a smaller unit into a larger unit or a larger unit into a smaller unit when given other equivalent measures represented in a table 5.7 solve problems by calculating conversions within a measurement system, customary or metric 4.7.A 4.7.B 4.7.C 4.7.D 4.7.E illustrate the measure of an angle as the part of a circle whose center is at the vertex of the angle that is "cut out" by the rays of the angle. Angle measures are limited to whole numbers illustrate degrees as the units used to measure an angle, where 1/360 of any circle is one degree and an angle that "cuts" n/360 out of any circle whose center is at the angle's vertex has a measure of n degrees. Angle measures are limited to whole numbers determine the approximate measures of angles in degrees to the nearest whole number using a protractor draw an angle with a given measure determine the measure of an unknown angle formed by two non-overlapping adjacent angles given one or both angle measures Angles N/A Texas has no standards specific to angles greater than 180 degrees. Introduction to Data Displays* Volume of Rectangular Prisms 3.8.A 3.8.B 5.4.G 5.4.H summarize a data set with multiple categories using a frequency table, dot plot, pictograph, or bar graph with scaled intervals solve one- and two-step problems using categorical data represented with a frequency table, dot plot, pictograph, or bar graph with scaled intervals use concrete objects and pictorial models to develop the formulas for the volume of a rectangular prism, including the special form for a cube (V = l x w x h, V = s x s x s, and V = Bh) represent and solve problems related to perimeter and/or area and related to volume 7 of 46

9 Volume of Rectangular Prisms (continued) Line Plots 5.6.A 5.6.B 6.8.C 6.8.D 4.9.A 4.9.B recognize a cube with side length of one unit as a unit cube having one cubic unit of volume and the volume of a three-dimensional figure as the number of unit cubes (n cubic units) needed to fill it with no gaps or overlaps if possible determine the volume of a rectangular prism with whole number side lengths in problems related to the number of layers times the number of unit cubes in the area of the base write equations that represent problems related to the area of rectangles, parallelograms, trapezoids, and triangles and volume of right rectangular prisms where dimensions are positive rational numbers determine solutions for problems involving the area of rectangles, parallelograms, trapezoids, and triangles and volume of right rectangular prisms where dimensions are positive rational numbers represent data on a frequency table, dot plot, or stem-and-leaf plot marked with whole numbers and fractions solve one- and two-step problems using data in whole number, decimal, and fraction form in a frequency table, dot plot, or stem-and-leaf plot 8 of 46

10 P 3-4 Equal Groups Estimate Sums and Differences Concept of Multiplication Properties of Addition and Multiplication 3.4.D 3.4.B 4.4.G 3.4.E 3.4.F 3.4.G 3.4.K 3.5.B Unit: Operations and Algebraic Thinking determine the total number of objects when equally-sized groups of objects are combined or arranged in arrays up to 10 by 10 round to the nearest 10 or 100 or use compatible numbers to estimate solutions to addition and subtraction problems round to the nearest 10, 100, or 1,000 or use compatible numbers to estimate solutions involving whole numbers represent multiplication facts by using a variety of approaches such as repeated addition, equal-sized groups, arrays, area models, equal jumps on a number line, and skip counting recall facts to multiply up to 10 by 10 with automaticity and recall the corresponding division facts use strategies and algorithms, including the standard algorithm, to multiply a two-digit number by a one-digit number. Strategies may include mental math, partial products, and the commutative, associative, and distributive properties solve one-step and two-step problems involving multiplication and division within 100 using strategies based on objects; pictorial models, including arrays, area models, and equal groups; properties of operations; or recall of facts represent and solve one- and two-step multiplication and division problems within 100 using arrays, strip diagrams, and equations 3.5.C describe a multiplication expression as a comparison such as 3 x 24 represents 3 times as much as D 3.4.G 3.4.K determine the unknown whole number in a multiplication or division equation relating three whole numbers when the unknown is either a missing factor or product use strategies and algorithms, including the standard algorithm, to multiply a two-digit number by a one-digit number. Strategies may include mental math, partial products, and the commutative, associative, and distributive properties solve one-step and two-step problems involving multiplication and division within 100 using strategies based on objects; pictorial models, including arrays, area models, and equal groups; properties of operations; or recall of facts 9 of 46

11 P 3-4 Concept of Division Relationship Between Multiplication and Division 3.4.F 3.4.H 3.4.J 3.4.K 3.5.B 3.5.D 3.4.J 3.4.K recall facts to multiply up to 10 by 10 with automaticity and recall the corresponding division facts determine the number of objects in each group when a set of objects is partitioned into equal shares or a set of objects is shared equally determine a quotient using the relationship between multiplication and division solve one-step and two-step problems involving multiplication and division within 100 using strategies based on objects; pictorial models, including arrays, area models, and equal groups; properties of operations; or recall of facts represent and solve one- and two-step multiplication and division problems within 100 using arrays, strip diagrams, and equations determine the unknown whole number in a multiplication or division equation relating three whole numbers when the unknown is either a missing factor or product determine a quotient using the relationship between multiplication and division solve one-step and two-step problems involving multiplication and division within 100 using strategies based on objects; pictorial models, including arrays, area models, and equal groups; properties of operations; or recall of facts Odd or Even* 3.4.I determine if a number is even or odd using divisibility rules Solve Multiplication and Division Equations 4.4.C 4.4.D 4.4.E 4.4.F 4.4.H represent the product of 2 two-digit numbers using arrays, area models, or equations, including perfect squares through 15 by 15 use strategies and algorithms, including the standard algorithm, to multiply up to a four-digit number by a onedigit number and to multiply a two-digit number by a two-digit number. Strategies may include mental math, partial products, and the commutative, associative, and distributive properties represent the quotient of up to a four-digit whole number divided by a one-digit whole number using arrays, area models, or equations use strategies and algorithms, including the standard algorithm, to divide up to a four-digit dividend by a one-digit divisor solve with fluency one- and two-step problems involving multiplication and division, including interpreting remainders 10 of 46

12 P 3-4 Multiplication and Division Word Problems Solve Two-Step Word Problems Input-Output Tables* Describe Patterns Interpret Remainders Relate Factors and Multiples I Relate Factors and Multiples II 4.4.C 4.4.D 4.4.E 4.4.F 4.4.H 4.5.A 3.5.E 4.5.B 4.5.B 5.4.C 5.4.D 4.4.H 5.4.A 5.4.A represent the product of 2 two-digit numbers using arrays, area models, or equations, including perfect squares through 15 by 15 use strategies and algorithms, including the standard algorithm, to multiply up to a four-digit number by a onedigit number and to multiply a two-digit number by a two-digit number. Strategies may include mental math, partial products, and the commutative, associative, and distributive properties represent the quotient of up to a four-digit whole number divided by a one-digit whole number using arrays, area models, or equations use strategies and algorithms, including the standard algorithm, to divide up to a four-digit dividend by a one-digit divisor solve with fluency one- and two-step problems involving multiplication and division, including interpreting remainders represent multi-step problems involving the four operations with whole numbers using strip diagrams and equations with a letter standing for the unknown quantity represent real-world relationships using number pairs in a table and verbal descriptions represent problems using an input-output table and numerical expressions to generate a number pattern that follows a given rule representing the relationship of the values in the resulting sequence and their position in the sequence represent problems using an input-output table and numerical expressions to generate a number pattern that follows a given rule representing the relationship of the values in the resulting sequence and their position in the sequence generate a numerical pattern when given a rule in the form y = ax or y = x + a and graph recognize the difference between additive and multiplicative numerical patterns given in a table or graph solve with fluency one- and two-step problems involving multiplication and division, including interpreting remainders identify prime and composite numbers identify prime and composite numbers 11 of 46

13 Write and Interpret Simple Expressions Arithmetic Sequences: Closed Form Geometric Sequences: Closed Form Arithmetic Sequences: Recursive Form Geometric Sequences: Recursive Form 5.4.B 5.4.F AI.12.D AI.12.D AI.12.C AI.12.C represent and solve multi-step problems involving the four operations with whole numbers using equations with a letter standing for the unknown quantity simplify numerical expressions that do not involve exponents, including up to two levels of grouping write a formula for the nth term of arithmetic and geometric sequences, given the value of several of their terms write a formula for the nth term of arithmetic and geometric sequences, given the value of several of their terms identify terms of arithmetic and geometric sequences when the sequences are given in function form using recursive processes identify terms of arithmetic and geometric sequences when the sequences are given in function form using recursive processes 12 of 46

14 P 3-4 Understand Fractions I Unit Fractions on the Number Line Fractions on the Number Line Equivalent Fractions I Whole Numbers as Fractions Compare Fractions I 3.3.A 3.3.D 3.3.E 3.3.A 3.3.B 3.3.C 3.3.A 3.3.B 3.3.C 3.3.F 3.3.G 3.3.F 3.3.H Unit: Number and Operations - Fractions represent fractions greater than zero and less than or equal to one with denominators of 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8 using concrete objects and pictorial models, including strip diagrams and number lines compose and decompose a fraction a/b with a numerator greater than zero and less than or equal to b as a sum of parts 1/b solve problems involving partitioning an object or a set of objects among two or more recipients using pictorial representations of fractions with denominators of 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8 represent fractions greater than zero and less than or equal to one with denominators of 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8 using concrete objects and pictorial models, including strip diagrams and number lines determine the corresponding fraction greater than zero and less than or equal to one with denominators of 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8 given a specified point on a number line explain that the unit fraction 1/b represents the quantity formed by one part of a whole that has been partitioned into b equal parts where b is a non-zero whole number represent fractions greater than zero and less than or equal to one with denominators of 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8 using concrete objects and pictorial models, including strip diagrams and number lines determine the corresponding fraction greater than zero and less than or equal to one with denominators of 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8 given a specified point on a number line explain that the unit fraction 1/b represents the quantity formed by one part of a whole that has been partitioned into b equal parts where b is a non-zero whole number represent equivalent fractions with denominators of 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8 using a variety of objects and pictorial models, including number lines explain that two fractions are equivalent if and only if they are both represented by the same point on the number line or represent the same portion of a same size whole for an area model represent equivalent fractions with denominators of 2, 3, 4, 6, and 8 using a variety of objects and pictorial models, including number lines compare two fractions having the same numerator or denominator in problems by reasoning about their sizes and justifying the conclusion using symbols, words, objects, and pictorial models 13 of 46

15 P 3-4 Equivalent Fractions II Compare Fractions II Decompose Fractions and Mixed Numbers Understand Fractions II Add and Subtract Fractions with Like Denominators Add and Subtract Mixed Numbers with Like Denominators Word Problems with Fractions and Mixed Numbers Multiply Unit Fractions by Whole Numbers 4.3.A 4.3.C 4.3.D 4.3.A 4.3.B 5.3.I 4.3.E 4.3.F 5.3.K 5.3.K 5.3.K 5.3.I 6.3.B represent a fraction a/b as a sum of fractions 1/b, where a and b are whole numbers and b > 0, including when a > b determine if two given fractions are equivalent using a variety of methods compare two fractions with different numerators and different denominators and represent the comparison using the symbols >, =, or < represent a fraction a/b as a sum of fractions 1/b, where a and b are whole numbers and b > 0, including when a > b decompose a fraction in more than one way into a sum of fractions with the same denominator using concrete and pictorial models and recording results with symbolic representations represent and solve multiplication of a whole number and a fraction that refers to the same whole using objects and pictorial models, including area models represent and solve addition and subtraction of fractions with equal denominators using objects and pictorial models that build to the number line and properties of operations evaluate the reasonableness of sums and differences of fractions using benchmark fractions 0, 1/4, 1/2, 3/4, and 1, referring to the same whole add and subtract positive rational numbers fluently add and subtract positive rational numbers fluently add and subtract positive rational numbers fluently represent and solve multiplication of a whole number and a fraction that refers to the same whole using objects and pictorial models, including area models determine, with and without computation, whether a quantity is increased or decreased when multiplied by a fraction, including values greater than or less than one 14 of 46

17 Multiply and Divide Fractions I Multiply and Divide Fractions II Operations with Fractions II 5.3.I 5.3.J 5.3.L 5.3.J 5.3.L 6.3.A 6.3.B 6.3.E 7.3.A 7.3.B 7.3.A 7.3.B represent and solve multiplication of a whole number and a fraction that refers to the same whole using objects and pictorial models, including area models represent division of a unit fraction by a whole number and the division of a whole number by a unit fraction such as 1/3 7 and 7 1/3 using objects and pictorial models, including area models divide whole numbers by unit fractions and unit fractions by whole numbers represent division of a unit fraction by a whole number and the division of a whole number by a unit fraction such as 1/3 7 and 7 1/3 using objects and pictorial models, including area models divide whole numbers by unit fractions and unit fractions by whole numbers recognize that dividing by a rational number and multiplying by its reciprocal result in equivalent values determine, with and without computation, whether a quantity is increased or decreased when multiplied by a fraction, including values greater than or less than one multiply and divide positive rational numbers fluently add, subtract, multiply, and divide rational numbers fluently apply and extend previous understandings of operations to solve problems using addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of rational numbers add, subtract, multiply, and divide rational numbers fluently apply and extend previous understandings of operations to solve problems using addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of rational numbers 16 of 46

18 P 3-4 Classify Quadrilaterals I Classify 3-Dimensional Figures* Classify Triangles Classify Quadrilaterals II Classify 2-Dimensional Figures* 3.6.B 3.6.A 4.6.C 4.6.D 4.6.A 4.6.D 5.5 Unit: Geometry use attributes to recognize rhombuses, parallelograms, trapezoids, rectangles, and squares as examples of quadrilaterals and draw examples of quadrilaterals that do not belong to any of these subcategories classify and sort two- and three-dimensional figures, including cones, cylinders, spheres, triangular and rectangular prisms, and cubes, based on attributes using formal geometric language apply knowledge of right angles to identify acute, right, and obtuse triangles classify two-dimensional figures based on the presence or absence of parallel or perpendicular lines or the presence or absence of angles of a specified size identify points, lines, line segments, rays, angles, and perpendicular and parallel lines classify two-dimensional figures based on the presence or absence of parallel or perpendicular lines or the presence or absence of angles of a specified size classify two-dimensional figures in a hierarchy of sets and subsets using graphic organizers based on their attributes and properties Symmetry* 4.6.B identify and draw one or more lines of symmetry, if they exist, for a two-dimensional figure Area of Parallelograms Area of Triangles 6.8.B 6.8.C 6.8.D G.11.A 6.8.B 6.8.C model area formulas for parallelograms, trapezoids, and triangles by decomposing and rearranging parts of these shapes write equations that represent problems related to the area of rectangles, parallelograms, trapezoids, and triangles and volume of right rectangular prisms where dimensions are positive rational numbers determine solutions for problems involving the area of rectangles, parallelograms, trapezoids, and triangles and volume of right rectangular prisms where dimensions are positive rational numbers apply the formula for the area of regular polygons to solve problems using appropriate units of measure model area formulas for parallelograms, trapezoids, and triangles by decomposing and rearranging parts of these shapes write equations that represent problems related to the area of rectangles, parallelograms, trapezoids, and triangles and volume of right rectangular prisms where dimensions are positive rational numbers 17 of 46

19 Area of Triangles (continued) Area of Trapezoids and Composite Figures Circumference Area of Circles Area of Composite Figures Surface Area and Volume of Rectangular Prisms 6.8.D G.11.A 6.8.B 6.8.C 6.8.D G.11.A 7.8.C 7.9.B 8.2.B 7.8.C 7.9.B 7.9.C G.11.A G.11.B 7.9.A 7.9.D determine solutions for problems involving the area of rectangles, parallelograms, trapezoids, and triangles and volume of right rectangular prisms where dimensions are positive rational numbers apply the formula for the area of regular polygons to solve problems using appropriate units of measure model area formulas for parallelograms, trapezoids, and triangles by decomposing and rearranging parts of these shapes write equations that represent problems related to the area of rectangles, parallelograms, trapezoids, and triangles and volume of right rectangular prisms where dimensions are positive rational numbers determine solutions for problems involving the area of rectangles, parallelograms, trapezoids, and triangles and volume of right rectangular prisms where dimensions are positive rational numbers apply the formula for the area of regular polygons to solve problems using appropriate units of measure use models to determine the approximate formulas for the circumference and area of a circle and connect the models to the actual formulas determine the circumference and area of circles approximate the value of an irrational number, including π and square roots of numbers less than 225, and locate that rational number approximation on a number line use models to determine the approximate formulas for the circumference and area of a circle and connect the models to the actual formulas determine the circumference and area of circles determine the area of composite figures containing combinations of rectangles, squares, parallelograms, trapezoids, triangles, semicircles, and quarter circles apply the formula for the area of regular polygons to solve problems using appropriate units of measure determine the area of composite two-dimensional figures comprised of a combination of triangles, parallelograms, trapezoids, kites, regular polygons, or sectors of circles to solve problems using appropriate units of measure solve problems involving the volume of rectangular prisms, triangular prisms, rectangular pyramids, and triangular pyramids solve problems involving the lateral and total surface area of a rectangular prism, rectangular pyramid, triangular prism, and triangular pyramid by determining the area of the shape's net 18 of 46

20 Surface Area and Volume of Rectangular Prisms (continued) Surface Area of Cylinders Surface Area of Pyramids Surface Area of Cones Surface Area of Spheres Surface Area of Composite Solids Volume of Cylinders 8.7.B G.11.C G.11.D 8.7.B G.11.C 7.9.D G.11.C G.11.C G.11.C G.11.C 8.6.A 8.6.B 8.7.A G.11.D use previous knowledge of surface area to make connections to the formulas for lateral and total surface area and determine solutions for problems involving rectangular prisms, triangular prisms, and cylinders apply the formulas for the total and lateral surface area of three-dimensional figures, including prisms, pyramids, cones, cylinders, spheres, and composite figures, to solve problems using appropriate units of measure apply the formulas for the volume of three-dimensional figures, including prisms, pyramids, cones, cylinders, spheres, and composite figures, to solve problems using appropriate units of measure use previous knowledge of surface area to make connections to the formulas for lateral and total surface area and determine solutions for problems involving rectangular prisms, triangular prisms, and cylinders apply the formulas for the total and lateral surface area of three-dimensional figures, including prisms, pyramids, cones, cylinders, spheres, and composite figures, to solve problems using appropriate units of measure solve problems involving the lateral and total surface area of a rectangular prism, rectangular pyramid, triangular prism, and triangular pyramid by determining the area of the shape's net apply the formulas for the total and lateral surface area of three-dimensional figures, including prisms, pyramids, cones, cylinders, spheres, and composite figures, to solve problems using appropriate units of measure apply the formulas for the total and lateral surface area of three-dimensional figures, including prisms, pyramids, cones, cylinders, spheres, and composite figures, to solve problems using appropriate units of measure apply the formulas for the total and lateral surface area of three-dimensional figures, including prisms, pyramids, cones, cylinders, spheres, and composite figures, to solve problems using appropriate units of measure apply the formulas for the total and lateral surface area of three-dimensional figures, including prisms, pyramids, cones, cylinders, spheres, and composite figures, to solve problems using appropriate units of measure describe the volume formula V = Bh of a cylinder in terms of its base area and its height model the relationship between the volume of a cylinder and a cone having both congruent bases and heights and connect that relationship to the formulas solve problems involving the volume of cylinders, cones, and spheres apply the formulas for the volume of three-dimensional figures, including prisms, pyramids, cones, cylinders, spheres, and composite figures, to solve problems using appropriate units of measure 19 of 46

21 Volume of Pyramids and Cones Volume of Spheres Volume of Composite Solids Introduction to the Coordinate Plane Integers in the Coordinate Plane 7.8.A 7.8.B 7.9.A 8.6.B 8.7.A G.11.D 8.7.A G.11.D 8.7.A G.11.D 5.8.A 5.8.B 5.8.C model the relationship between the volume of a rectangular prism and a rectangular pyramid having both congruent bases and heights and connect that relationship to the formulas explain verbally and symbolically the relationship between the volume of a triangular prism and a triangular pyramid having both congruent bases and heights and connect that relationship to the formulas solve problems involving the volume of rectangular prisms, triangular prisms, rectangular pyramids, and triangular pyramids model the relationship between the volume of a cylinder and a cone having both congruent bases and heights and connect that relationship to the formulas solve problems involving the volume of cylinders, cones, and spheres apply the formulas for the volume of three-dimensional figures, including prisms, pyramids, cones, cylinders, spheres, and composite figures, to solve problems using appropriate units of measure solve problems involving the volume of cylinders, cones, and spheres apply the formulas for the volume of three-dimensional figures, including prisms, pyramids, cones, cylinders, spheres, and composite figures, to solve problems using appropriate units of measure solve problems involving the volume of cylinders, cones, and spheres apply the formulas for the volume of three-dimensional figures, including prisms, pyramids, cones, cylinders, spheres, and composite figures, to solve problems using appropriate units of measure describe the key attributes of the coordinate plane, including perpendicular number lines (axes) where the intersection (origin) of the two lines coincides with zero on each number line and the given point (0, 0); the x-coordinate, the first number in an ordered pair, indicates movement parallel to the x-axis starting at the origin; and the y-coordinate, the second number, indicates movement parallel to the y-axis starting at the origin describe the process for graphing ordered pairs of numbers in the first quadrant of the coordinate plane graph in the first quadrant of the coordinate plane ordered pairs of numbers arising from mathematical and realworld problems, including those generated by number patterns or found in an input-output table 6.11 graph points in all four quadrants using ordered pairs of rational numbers 20 of 46

22 Rational Numbers in the Coordinate Plane Distance on the Coordinate Plane Angle Pairs Angles in a Polygon Parallel Lines and Transversals Pythagorean Theorem: Hypotenuse Pythagorean Theorem: Legs Pythagorean Theorem: Mixed Problems 6.11 graph points in all four quadrants using ordered pairs of rational numbers G.2.A 7.11.C 6.8.A 7.11.C 7.11.C 8.6.C 8.7.C G.9.B 8.6.C 8.7.C G.9.B 8.6.C 8.7.C G.9.B determine the coordinates of a point that is a given fractional distance less than one from one end of a line segment to the other in one- and two-dimensional coordinate systems, including finding the midpoint write and solve equations using geometry concepts, including the sum of the angles in a triangle, and angle relationships extend previous knowledge of triangles and their properties to include the sum of angles of a triangle, the relationship between the lengths of sides and measures of angles in a triangle, and determining when three lengths form a triangle write and solve equations using geometry concepts, including the sum of the angles in a triangle, and angle relationships write and solve equations using geometry concepts, including the sum of the angles in a triangle, and angle relationships use models and diagrams to explain the Pythagorean theorem use the Pythagorean Theorem and its converse to solve problems apply the relationships in special right triangles and and the Pythagorean theorem, including Pythagorean triples, to solve problems use models and diagrams to explain the Pythagorean theorem use the Pythagorean Theorem and its converse to solve problems apply the relationships in special right triangles and and the Pythagorean theorem, including Pythagorean triples, to solve problems use models and diagrams to explain the Pythagorean theorem use the Pythagorean Theorem and its converse to solve problems apply the relationships in special right triangles and and the Pythagorean theorem, including Pythagorean triples, to solve problems 21 of 46

23 Pythagorean Theorem: Distance Formula Translations Reflections Rotations 8.7.C 8.7.D 8.10.A G.3.A 8.10.A G.3.A 8.10.A G.3.A use the Pythagorean Theorem and its converse to solve problems determine the distance between two points on a coordinate plane using the Pythagorean Theorem generalize the properties of orientation and congruence of rotations, reflections, translations, and dilations of twodimensional shapes on a coordinate plane describe and perform transformations of figures in a plane using coordinate notation generalize the properties of orientation and congruence of rotations, reflections, translations, and dilations of twodimensional shapes on a coordinate plane describe and perform transformations of figures in a plane using coordinate notation generalize the properties of orientation and congruence of rotations, reflections, translations, and dilations of twodimensional shapes on a coordinate plane describe and perform transformations of figures in a plane using coordinate notation Congruence* 8.10.B differentiate between transformations that preserve congruence and those that do not Composition of Transformations Dilations* 8.10.C G.3.C 8.3.B 8.3.C 8.10.D G.3.B explain the effect of translations, reflections over the x- or y-axis, and rotations limited to 90, 180, 270, and 360 as applied to two-dimensional shapes on a coordinate plane using an algebraic representation identify the sequence of transformations that will carry a given pre-image onto an image on and off the coordinate plane compare and contrast the attributes of a shape and its dilation(s) on a coordinate plane use an algebraic representation to explain the effect of a given positive rational scale factor applied to twodimensional figures on a coordinate plane with the origin as the center of dilation model the effect on linear and area measurements of dilated two-dimensional shapes determine the image or pre-image of a given two-dimensional figure under a composition of rigid transformations, a composition of non-rigid transformations, and a composition of both, including dilations where the center can be any point in the plane 22 of 46

24 Greatest Common Factor Least Common Multiple Integer Concepts 6.7.A 6.7.A 6.2.B 6.2.C Unit: The Number System generate equivalent numerical expressions using order of operations, including whole number exponents and prime factorization generate equivalent numerical expressions using order of operations, including whole number exponents and prime factorization identify a number, its opposite, and its absolute value locate, compare, and order integers and rational numbers using a number line Absolute Value 6.2.B identify a number, its opposite, and its absolute value Add and Subtract Rational Numbers Multiply and Divide Rational Numbers Operations with Rational Numbers 6.3.C 6.3.D 7.3.A 7.3.B 6.3.C 6.3.D 7.3.A 7.3.B 6.3.D 7.3.A 7.3.B represent integer operations with concrete models and connect the actions with the models to standardized algorithms add, subtract, multiply, and divide integers fluently add, subtract, multiply, and divide rational numbers fluently apply and extend previous understandings of operations to solve problems using addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of rational numbers represent integer operations with concrete models and connect the actions with the models to standardized algorithms add, subtract, multiply, and divide integers fluently add, subtract, multiply, and divide rational numbers fluently apply and extend previous understandings of operations to solve problems using addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of rational numbers add, subtract, multiply, and divide integers fluently add, subtract, multiply, and divide rational numbers fluently apply and extend previous understandings of operations to solve problems using addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division of rational numbers 23 of 46

25 Classify Rational Numbers* Classify and Order Real Numbers* 6.2.A 6.2.C 6.2.D A 8.2.D classify whole numbers, integers, and rational numbers using a visual representation such as a Venn diagram to describe relationships between sets of numbers locate, compare, and order integers and rational numbers using a number line order a set of rational numbers arising from mathematical and real-world contexts extend previous knowledge of sets and subsets using a visual representation to describe relationships between sets of rational numbers extend previous knowledge of sets and subsets using a visual representation to describe relationships between sets of real numbers order a set of real numbers arising from mathematical and real-world contexts 24 of 46

26 Concept of Ratios and Rates* Ratios Use Ratios to Solve Problems* Find Unit Rates Convert Units of Measure 6.4.C 6.4.D 6.4.E 6.5.A 7.4.A 7.4.D 6.4.B 6.4.E 6.5.A 7.4.A 7.4.B 7.4.D Unit: Ratio and Proportion give examples of ratios as multiplicative comparisons of two quantities describing the same attribute give examples of rates as the comparison by division of two quantities having different attributes, including rates as quotients represent ratios and percents with concrete models, fractions, and decimals represent mathematical and real-world problems involving ratios and rates using scale factors, tables, graphs, and proportions represent constant rates of change in mathematical and real-world problems given pictorial, tabular, verbal, numeric, graphical, and algebraic representations, including d = rt solve problems involving ratios, rates, and percents, including multi-step problems involving percent increase and percent decrease, and financial literacy problems apply qualitative and quantitative reasoning to solve prediction and comparison of real-world problems involving ratios and rates represent ratios and percents with concrete models, fractions, and decimals represent mathematical and real-world problems involving ratios and rates using scale factors, tables, graphs, and proportions represent constant rates of change in mathematical and real-world problems given pictorial, tabular, verbal, numeric, graphical, and algebraic representations, including d = rt calculate unit rates from rates in mathematical and real-world problems solve problems involving ratios, rates, and percents, including multi-step problems involving percent increase and percent decrease, and financial literacy problems 5.7 solve problems by calculating conversions within a measurement system, customary or metric 6.4.H 7.4.E convert units within a measurement system, including the use of proportions and unit rates convert between measurement systems, including the use of proportions and the use of unit rates 25 of 46

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