4 th Grade Virginia Studies SOL Review Packet 19 th Century Virginia

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1 4 th Grade Virginia Studies SOL Review Packet 19 th Century Virginia 1. Thomas Jefferson authorized a purchase of thousands of acres of land, which doubled the size of the United States. What was the name of this territory? A. Northwest Territory B. Louisiana Territory C. Ohio Territory D. Virginia Territory 2. President James Monroe issued a doctrine warning the continent of to stop trying to set up new colonies in the Americas. F. Europe G. Asia H. Australia J. Africa 3. Which of the first five presidents was not born in Virginia? A. James Madison B. James Monroe C. John Adams D. George Washington 4. Virginia was given the title Mother of Presidents because of the first five presidents were born in the state. F. five G. four H. three J. two 5. What documents preamble begins with the words We the people? A. The Virginia Statute of Religious Freedom B. United States Constitution C. Declaration of Independence D. Virginia Declaration of Rights

2 6. This man s skill at compromise helped bring differing ideas together during the Constitutional Convention. He earned the nickname of Father of the Constitution. Who is this man? F. James Joyce G. James Monroe H. James Madison J. James Buchanan 7. Who was president of the Constitutional Convention? A. Thomas Jefferson B. George Washington C. Benjamin Franklin D. Alexander Hamilton 8. The first ten amendments to the United States Constitution are known as the. F. Bill of Rights G. Bill of Wrongs H. Virginia Declaration of Rights J. Declaration of Independence 9. During the Civil War, the western counties of Virginia separated to become West Virginia. The separation happened because of. A. slavery B. secession C. farming D. taxes 10. The Civil War was fought for all of these reasons except which one? F. states rights G. slavery H. religious freedom J. preservation of the Union 11. Nat Turner led a revolt against owners in Virginia. A. plantation B. store C. shop D. home

3 12. Northern states wanted all new states admitted to the Union to be free states, while the southern states wanted new states to be states. F. poor G. rich H. slave J. indentured 13. Who seized the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry in an attempt to arm slaves? A. Harriet Tubman B. Frederick Douglass C. John Brown D. James Lafayette 14. One event that moved the northern and southern states closer to war was the issue of new states being admitted to the Union. What issue made these new states play such a big role in the events leading to secession? F. taxes G. slavery H. indentured servants J. how many congressmen each state should have 15. The economy in the northern part of the United States was based on industry. What was the basis for the South s economy? A. factories B. agriculture C. shipbuilding D. fishing 16. Virginia decided to secede from the United States when Lincoln asked for. F. soldiers to fight against the Confederacy G. soldiers to fight against the Union H. former slaves to join the Confederate army J. Virginia to declare its loyalty to the Union 17. Who brought national attention to the abolitionist movement by leading revolts in Virginia? A. Nat Turner and John Brown B. Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis C. James Lafayette and Frederick Douglass D. John Brown and Robert E. Lee

4 18. Virginia decided to withdraw from the Union when Lincoln asked for soldiers to fight against the Confederacy. This act of withdrawing from the Union was known as. F. abolition G. secession H. segregation J. discrimination 19. In an attempt to arm slaves, seized the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry. A. Frederick Douglass B. John Brown C. Harriet Tubman D. James Lafayette 20. The western counties of Virginia broke away and formed the new state of. F. Kentucky G. Tennessee H. West Virginia J. Ohio 21. Who led a slave rebellion against plantation owners in Virginia? A. Frederick Douglass B. Sojourner Truth C. Nat Turner D. Harriet Tubman 22. Which famous Confederate general is known as the Eyes of Army? F. Joseph Hooker G. A.E. Burnside H. Robert E. Lee J. J.E.B. Stuart 23. I resigned from the United States Army to join the Confederate army. I was against slavery but I refused to fight against my home state of Virginia. Who am I? A. Robert E. Lee B. Ulysses S. Grant C. Stonewall Jackson D. J.E.B. Stuart

5 24. I earned my nickname at the Battle of Bull Run (Manassas). Who am I? F. Robert The Boss Lee G. J.E.B. Eyes of the Army Stuart H. Thomas Stonewall Jackson J. The Underground Railroad 25. Both the Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis offered me command of their armies at the start of the Civil War. Who am I? A. Ulysses S. Grant B. Stonewall Jackson C. Robert E. Lee D. J.E.B. Stuart 26. During the Civil War, J.E.B. Stuart fought for which side? F. Union G. Confederacy H. Indians J. French 27. The Confederate general who earned the name Stonewall at the Battle of Bull Run was. A. Thomas Jackson B. Robert E. Lee C. J.E.B. Stuart D. Ulysses S. Grant 28. Who was offered command of the Union forces but chose to command the Confederate army during the Civil War? F. Ulysses S. Grant G. J.E.B. Stuart H. George Washington J. Robert E. Lee 29. What nickname did Thomas Jackson earn during the Battle of Bull Run? A. Sarge B. Stonewall C. Bull D. Eyes of the Army

6 30. This farewell speech was given by a famous Virginian after the Civil War. After four years of hard service, marked by great courage the Army of Northern Virginia has been forced to yield to overwhelming numbers and resources By the terms of the agreement, officers and men can return to their homes and remain there Who gave this farewell speech? F. Patrick Henry G. Robert E. Lee H. George Washington J. Stonewall Jackson 31. What army did Robert E. Lee command during the Civil War? A. the Union Army B. the British Army C. the French Army D. the Confederate Army 32. What nickname did Robert E. Lee give to J.E.B. Stuart? F. Nose of the Confederacy G. Ears of the Army H. Eyes of the Army J. Stonewall 33. During the Civil War, the capital of the Confederacy was located in which state? A. Virginia B. North Carolina C. Maryland D. Texas 34. Why were so many Civil War battles fought in Virginia? F. The Union forces were never able to get out of Virginia. G. It lay between the capitals of the Confederacy and the United States. H. It lay right in the middle of the United States and it was easy for the Union forces to get to. J. The first battle of the war was fought in Virginia.

7 35. General Robert E. Lee surrendered his army to General Ulysses S. Grant to end the Civil War at the Courthouse. A. Manassas B. Richmond C. Appomattox D. Petersburg 36. Many Civil War battles took place in Virginia because. F. Virginia was located between the two capitals G. the terrain was suitable for battles H. the army had access to supplies J. Virginia was General Lee s home state 37. Who surrendered the Confederate army at the Appomattox Courthouse? A. Robert E. Lee B. J.E.B. Stuart C. Hiram Grant D. George Pickett 38. Many Civil War battles in Virginia were fought between. F. Gettysburg and Baltimore G. Shiloh and Petersburg H. Washington, D.C. and Richmond J. Fort Sumter and Atlanta 39. The capital of the was moved to Richmond after Virginia seceded from the United States. A. United States B. Union C. Confederacy D. North 40. When Virginia seceded from the United States, the capital of the Confederacy was moved to. F. Fredericksburg G. Richmond H. Alexandria J. Petersburg

8 41. Where was Virginia s first battle of the Civil War fought? A. Richmond B. Hampton Roads C. Appomattox Courthouse D. Manassas 42. In an attempt to get weapons for slaves to use in their fight for freedom, a raid on the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry was led by the abolitionist. F. John Brown G. Dred Scott H. Nat Turner J. Nathaniel Bacon 43. Virginia decided to join the Confederate States of America because it did not want to. A. fight other southern states B. give women the right to vote C. pay taxes on slaves D. buy manufactured goods from northern factories 44. On to Richmond was often the battle cry of the Union. The union troops wanted to capture Richmond because. F. an important naval shipyard was located there G. it was the capital of the Confederacy H. many textile factories J. it was known as the bread basket of the Confederacy 45. The Emancipation Proclamation, which freed the slaves in the South, was written by. A. President Jefferson Davis B. President Abraham Lincoln C. General Robert E. Lee D. General Ulysses S. Grant 46. One reason that the North was able to win the war was that. F. its plan to cut off the South s supplies was successful G. it had the help of England and France H. its soldiers were better fighters than those in the South J. it had better generals

9 47. The decision of the Southern states to leave the Union was called. A. revolution B. compromise C. secession D. abolition 48. The North had textile mills and factories so its economy was based on. F. farming G. coal mining H. manufacturing J. tobacco production 49. People who were against slavery and wanted to outlaw it were called. A. abolitionists B. loyalists C. patriots D. carpetbaggers 50. The economy of the Confederate States of America was based on. F. fishing G. shipbuilding H. agriculture J. manufacturing 51. Which one of the following was NOT a reason the Civil War was fought? A. states rights B. slavery C. preservation of the Union D. tobacco prices 52. I was the most famous conductor of the Underground Railroad. Who am I? F. John Rolfe G. Harriet Tubman H. John Brown J. Nat Turner

10 53. Who was the president of the Confederate States of America during the Civil War? A. John Brown B. Abraham Lincoln C. Jefferson Davis D. J.E.B. Stuart 54. The belief that each state should make its own decisions on most issued is known as. F. federal rights G. secession H. states rights J. civil rights 55. In March of 1862, the battle of the Ironclads took place in Hampton Roads between the Union ship Monitor and the Confederate ship. A. Serapis B. Constitution C. Cumberland D. Merrimack (Virginia) 56. The patrolling of an enemy country s coast by warships to prevent the enemy from sending or receiving weapons, ammunition, reinforcements, or food from other countries is known as a (n) F. battle G. blockade H. command J. retreat 57. Many battles of the Civil War fought in Virginia because A. The generals liked the flat land. B. The two sides capitals were located so close to each other. C. The water made it easy to attack each army. D. It was the largest state in the country.

11 58. What group of people most likely made this poster? F. slave owners G. abolitionists H. tobacco farmers J. Native Americans 59. Why were the Union, President Lincoln, and US Grant so interested in capturing Richmond, VA during the Civil War? A. They heard Richmond had good places to eat. B. They were interested in visiting the Fall Line. C. Richmond was the capital of the Confederacy. D. Richmond was the closest city to Florida.

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